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Expansion Planning For Transmission Network Under Demand Uncertainty: A Real Options Framework, Fikri Fucuksayacigil, K. Jo Min 2019 Iowa State University

Expansion Planning For Transmission Network Under Demand Uncertainty: A Real Options Framework, Fikri Fucuksayacigil, K. Jo Min

Kyung J. Min

In recent years, there has been much expectation that transmission expansion planning should address ever increasing demands for transmission services under significant and complex economic and regulatory uncertainties. In this article, toward meeting the aforementioned expectation, we develop and analyze a real options framework that provides the valuation of a transmission owner’s option to expand in his or her network. What distinguishes our framework from the extant literature is that the evolution of the demand follows a geometric Brownian motion process, it explicitly accounts for the physical flow of the electric power economically manifested as the locational marginal prices ...


A New Analytical Evaluation Model For Kanban Controlled Systems With Fork/Join Synchronization Stations, Heedong Kim, Sarah M. Ryan 2019 Iowa State University

A New Analytical Evaluation Model For Kanban Controlled Systems With Fork/Join Synchronization Stations, Heedong Kim, Sarah M. Ryan

Sarah M. Ryan

A nonlinear programming model is developed for analyzing the queuing model of a kanban controlled system with fork/join synchronization stations. The model finds the minimum number of kanbans for a given throughput requirement or the maximum throughput for a given number of kanbans, where servers have different exponential service times. Furthermore, it aids understanding of kanban systems.


Applying Alternative Decision-Making Approaches To A Complex Supplier Selection Problem, Paul J. Componation, Michael C. Dorneich, Guiping Hu, Gillian M. Nicholls 2019 Iowa State University

Applying Alternative Decision-Making Approaches To A Complex Supplier Selection Problem, Paul J. Componation, Michael C. Dorneich, Guiping Hu, Gillian M. Nicholls

Michael C. Dorneich

Prior work has been completed on understanding how an organization’s decision-making approach can influence the selection of alternative vendors when setting up a supply chain system. Teams using different decision-making approaches on identical performance data did end with different vendor recommendations. One possible explanation of this result was that the data set on vendor performance was limited to five vendors and four variables; however the decision-making approaches had significantly different cognitive requirements. The team members preferred cognitively simple approaches such as Weighted Sum and to a lesser degree SMART with this relatively limited data set. The more cognitively complex ...


Applying Alternative Decision-Making Approaches To A Complex Supplier Selection Problem, Paul J. Componation, Michael C. Dorneich, Guiping Hu, Gillian M. Nicholls 2019 Iowa State University

Applying Alternative Decision-Making Approaches To A Complex Supplier Selection Problem, Paul J. Componation, Michael C. Dorneich, Guiping Hu, Gillian M. Nicholls

Guiping Hu

Prior work has been completed on understanding how an organization’s decision-making approach can influence the selection of alternative vendors when setting up a supply chain system. Teams using different decision-making approaches on identical performance data did end with different vendor recommendations. One possible explanation of this result was that the data set on vendor performance was limited to five vendors and four variables; however the decision-making approaches had significantly different cognitive requirements. The team members preferred cognitively simple approaches such as Weighted Sum and to a lesser degree SMART with this relatively limited data set. The more cognitively complex ...


Evaluation Of An Intelligent Team Tutoring System For A Collaborative Two-Person Problem: Surveillance, Alec Ostrander, Desmond Bonner, Jamiahus Walton, Anna Slavina, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Adam Kohl, Stephen Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Anne Sinatra, Eliot H. Winer 2019 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of An Intelligent Team Tutoring System For A Collaborative Two-Person Problem: Surveillance, Alec Ostrander, Desmond Bonner, Jamiahus Walton, Anna Slavina, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Adam Kohl, Stephen Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Anne Sinatra, Eliot H. Winer

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This paper describes the development and evaluation of an Intelligent Team Tutoring System (ITTS) for pairs of learners working collaboratively to monitor an area. In the Surveillance Team Tutor (STT), learners performed a surveillance task in a virtual environment, communicating to track hostile moving soldiers. This collaborative problem solving task required significant communication to achieve the common goal of perfect surveillance. In a pilot evaluation, 16 two-person teams performed the task within one of three feedback conditions (Individual, Team, or None) across four trials each. The STT used a unique approach to filtering feedback so that teams in both individual ...


A Design For Affordances Framework For Product Packaging: Food Packaging Case Study, Ahmad Abdelhafiz Mumani, Richard T. Stone, Esraa Abdelall 2019 Iowa State University, Yarmouk University

A Design For Affordances Framework For Product Packaging: Food Packaging Case Study, Ahmad Abdelhafiz Mumani, Richard T. Stone, Esraa Abdelall

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Since affordances provided by packaging features play a major role in facilitating user packaging interaction, it is important to integrate the concept of affordances into the packaging design process and to understand the interrelationships between packaging features and affordances. A framework is proposed for linking user requirements to packaging design features utilizing the concept of affordances. The framework is accomplished in two main steps; first, determine the affordances required to facilitate performing packaging-related tasks, and second, link these affordances to packaging features. Previous packaging usability studies were reviewed to elicit requirements in terms of affordance properties such as intuitiveness, responsiveness ...


Task-Based Control And Design Of A Bldc Actuator For Robotics, Avik De, Abriana Stewart-Height, Daniel E. Koditschek 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Task-Based Control And Design Of A Bldc Actuator For Robotics, Avik De, Abriana Stewart-Height, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This paper proposes a new multi-input brushless DC motor current control policy aimed at robotics applications. The controller achieves empirical improvements in steady-state torque and power-production abilities relative to conventional controllers, while retaining similarly good torque-tracking and stability characteristics. Simulations show that non-conventional motor design optimizations whose feasibility is established by scaling model extrapolations from existing motor catalogues can vastly amplify the effectiveness of this new control-strategy.


Educating The Space Scientists At Embry-Riddle Through Design, Build And Fly Rocketry Experience, Pedro Llanos, Robert E. Haley, Sathya Gangadharan 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Educating The Space Scientists At Embry-Riddle Through Design, Build And Fly Rocketry Experience, Pedro Llanos, Robert E. Haley, Sathya Gangadharan

Pedro J. Llanos (www.AstronauticsLlanos.com)

Practical experience for students in rockets and payloads is very valuable in the space industry, and it is something that would give them an advantage over other applicants. Students in Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s Payload and Integration class were given the opportunity to build a level 1 rocket and gain experience developing, testing, and integrating payloads into a rocket. The students were given the tasks to come up with an idea for a payload, design the payload to fit within the rocket for flight, and assemble and launch the rocket with the payload in the payload bay. The tasks required ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2018 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Teen Driver System Modeling: A Tool For Policy Analysis, Celestin Missikpode, Corrine Peek-Asa, Daniel V. McGehee, James Torner, Wayne Wakeland, Robert Wallace 2018 Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health University of Iowa

Teen Driver System Modeling: A Tool For Policy Analysis, Celestin Missikpode, Corrine Peek-Asa, Daniel V. Mcgehee, James Torner, Wayne Wakeland, Robert Wallace

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Motor vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of teen deaths in spite of preventive efforts. Prevention strategies could be advanced through new analytic approaches that allow us to better conceptualize the complex processes underlying teen crash risk. This may help policymakers design appropriate interventions and evaluate their impacts.

Methods: System Dynamics methodology was used as a new way of representing factors involved in the underlying process of teen crash risk. Systems dynamics modeling is relatively new to public health analytics and is a promising tool to examine relative influence of multiple interacting factors in predicting a health outcome. Dynamics ...


Reactive Navigation In Partially Known Non-Convex Environments, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, Daniel E. Koditschek 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Reactive Navigation In Partially Known Non-Convex Environments, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This paper presents a provably correct method for robot navigation in 2D environments cluttered with familiar but unexpected non-convex, star-shaped obstacles as well as completely unknown, convex obstacles. We presuppose a limited range onboard sensor, capable of recognizing, localizing and (leveraging ideas from constructive solid geometry) generating online from its catalogue of the familiar, non-convex shapes an implicit representation of each one. These representations underlie an online change of coordinates to a completely convex model planning space wherein a previously developed online construction yields a provably correct reactive controller that is pulled back to the physically sensed representation to generate ...


Reactive Velocity Control Reduces Energetic Cost Of Jumping With A Virtual Leg Spring On Simulated Granular Media, Sonia F. Roberts, Daniel E. Koditschek 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Reactive Velocity Control Reduces Energetic Cost Of Jumping With A Virtual Leg Spring On Simulated Granular Media, Sonia F. Roberts, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Robots capable of dynamic locomotion behaviors and high-bandwidth sensing with their limbs have a high cost of transport, especially when locomoting over highly dissipative substrates such as sand. We formulate the problem of reducing the energetic cost of locomotion by a Minitaur robot on sand, reacting to robot state variables in the inertial world frame without modeling the ground online. Using a bulk-behavior model of high-velocity intrusions into dry granular media, we simulated single jumps by a one-legged hopper using a Raibert-style compression-extension virtual leg spring. We compose this controller with a controller that added damping to the leg spring ...


Teaching Modeling To Engineers In An Undergraduate Simulation Course, Vikram Mittal, Robert Kewley, Brett Lindberg 2018 United States Military Academy

Teaching Modeling To Engineers In An Undergraduate Simulation Course, Vikram Mittal, Robert Kewley, Brett Lindberg

West Point Research Papers

A significant challenge in teaching simulation to undergraduate students is to find a way to allow them to model a real world referent system within time and student skill constraints. Several research sources highlight not only the important challenge of model development (Garcia and Ceneno, 2009, Tako, 2011) but also the increased need for model development instruction among engineers (Grasas et. al., 2013, Saltzman and Roeder, 2013). One approach to this challenge is to use a general purpose discrete event simulation software package within the course, but this presents two challenges. Teaching the package to the students takes significant time ...


Issues In Reproducible Simulation Research, Ben G. Fitzpatrick 2018 Loyola Marymount University

Issues In Reproducible Simulation Research, Ben G. Fitzpatrick

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Neural Network Based Decentralized Excitation Control Of Large Scale Power Systems, Wenxin Liu, Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy, Donald C. Wunsch, David A. Cartes, Jagannathan Sarangapani 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Neural Network Based Decentralized Excitation Control Of Large Scale Power Systems, Wenxin Liu, Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy, Donald C. Wunsch, David A. Cartes, Jagannathan Sarangapani

Donald C. Wunsch

This paper presents a neural network (NN) based decentralized excitation controller design for large scale power systems. The proposed controller design considers not only the dynamics of generators but also the algebraic constraints of the power flow equations. The control signals are calculated using only local signals. The transient stability and the coordination of the subsystem controllers can be guaranteed. NNs are used to approximate the unknown/imprecise dynamics of the local power system and the interconnections. All signals in the closed loop system are guaranteed to be uniformly ultimately bounded (UUB). Simulation results with a 3-machine power system demonstrate ...


Feedback Linearization Based Power System Stabilizer Design With Control Limits, Wenxin Liu, Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy, Donald C. Wunsch, Jagannathan Sarangapani 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Feedback Linearization Based Power System Stabilizer Design With Control Limits, Wenxin Liu, Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy, Donald C. Wunsch, Jagannathan Sarangapani

Donald C. Wunsch

In power system controls, simplified analytical models are used to represent the dynamics of power system and controller designs are not rigorous with no stability analysis. One reason is because the power systems are complex nonlinear systems which pose difficulty for analysis. This paper presents a feedback linearization based power system stabilizer design for a single machine infinite bus power system. Since practical operating conditions require the magnitude of control signal to be within certain limits, the stability of the control system under control limits is also analyzed. Simulation results under different kinds of operating conditions show that the controller ...


Decentralized Neural Network Control Of A Class Of Large-Scale Systems With Unknown Interconnection, Wenxin Liu, Jagannathan Sarangapani, Donald C. Wunsch, Mariesa Crow 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Decentralized Neural Network Control Of A Class Of Large-Scale Systems With Unknown Interconnection, Wenxin Liu, Jagannathan Sarangapani, Donald C. Wunsch, Mariesa Crow

Donald C. Wunsch

A novel decentralized neural network (DNN) controller is proposed for a class of large-scale nonlinear systems with unknown interconnections. The objective is to design a DNN for a class of large-scale systems which do not satisfy the matching condition requirement. The NNs are used to approximate the unknown subsystem dynamics and the interconnections. The DNN is designed using the back stepping methodology with only local signals for feedback. All of the signals in the closed loop (system states and weights estimation errors) are guaranteed to be uniformly ultimately bounded and eventually converge to a compact set.


Adaptive Neural Network Based Stabilizing Controller Design For Single Machine Infinite Bus Power Systems, Wenxin Liu, Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy, Donald C. Wunsch, David A. Cartes, Jagannathan Sarangapani, Mariesa Crow 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Adaptive Neural Network Based Stabilizing Controller Design For Single Machine Infinite Bus Power Systems, Wenxin Liu, Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy, Donald C. Wunsch, David A. Cartes, Jagannathan Sarangapani, Mariesa Crow

Donald C. Wunsch

Power system stabilizers are widely used to generate supplementary control signals for the excitation system in order to damp out the low frequency oscillations. In power system control literature, the performances of the proposed controllers were mostly demonstrated using simulation results without any rigorous stability analysis. This paper proposes a stabilizing neural network (NN) controller based on a sixth order single machine infinite bus power system model. The NN is used to approximate the complex nonlinear dynamics of power system. Unlike the other indirect adaptive NN control schemes, there is no offline training process and the NN can be directly ...


Inertial Velocity And Attitude Estimation For Quadrotors: Supplementary Material, James B. Svacha Jr, Kartik Mohta, Michael Watterson, Giuseppe Loianno, Vijay Kumar 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Inertial Velocity And Attitude Estimation For Quadrotors: Supplementary Material, James B. Svacha Jr, Kartik Mohta, Michael Watterson, Giuseppe Loianno, Vijay Kumar

Departmental Papers (ESE)

No abstract provided.


Sensor-Based Reactive Execution Of Symbolic Rearrangement Plans By A Legged Mobile Manipulator, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, T. Turner Topping, William Vega-Brown, Nicholas Roy, Daniel E. Koditschek 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Sensor-Based Reactive Execution Of Symbolic Rearrangement Plans By A Legged Mobile Manipulator, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, T. Turner Topping, William Vega-Brown, Nicholas Roy, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

We demonstrate the physical rearrangement of wheeled stools in a moderately cluttered indoor environment by a quadrupedal robot that autonomously achieves a user's desired configuration. The robot's behaviors are planned and executed by a three layer hierarchical architecture consisting of: an offline symbolic task and motion planner; a reactive layer that tracks the reference output of the deliberative layer and avoids unanticipated obstacles sensed online; and a gait layer that realizes the abstract unicycle commands from the reactive module through appropriately coordinated joint level torque feedback loops. This work also extends prior formal results about the reactive layer ...


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