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Numerical Simulation On The Fire Performance Of Reinforced Concrete Flat Slab, David Tipton 2022 University of Alabama in Huntsville

Numerical Simulation On The Fire Performance Of Reinforced Concrete Flat Slab, David Tipton

Summer Community of Scholars Posters (RCEU and HCR Combined Programs)

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Material Request Order To Support Sustainable Construction, Fajar Susilowati, Nur Nahdiah Anggraeni 2022 Civil Engineering, Universitas Tidar, Magelang 56116, Indonesia

Evaluation Of Material Request Order To Support Sustainable Construction, Fajar Susilowati, Nur Nahdiah Anggraeni

Makara Journal of Technology

This study was conducted on one of Indonesia’s apartment projects, in which reinforced concrete is the main structure. Based on existing project data, this project experienced a decline in the construction work’s progress, thus reducing the project’s overall progress. This decline occurred because the delivery of concrete reinforcement material was delayed. This study aimed to determine the process of material request order and its relationship with the work implementation, as well as the factors that influenced the delayed arrival of concrete reinforcement material at the project site. The method used in this study was observation and interview. Data were analyzed …


Review Of Fly-Ash As A Supplementary Cementitious Material, Nikki Shaji, Niall Holmes Dr., Mark Tyrer 2022 Technological University Dublin

Review Of Fly-Ash As A Supplementary Cementitious Material, Nikki Shaji, Niall Holmes Dr., Mark Tyrer

Conference papers

This paper presents a review of fly-ash as a Supplementary Cementitious Material (SCM) in concrete in terms of its effects on hydration and durability. The climate change agenda has focused the cement and concrete industry on using low embodied CO2 materials and much effort has been made on incorporating industrial by-products into cement as SCMs. With worldwide cement production (circa 4 billion tonnes) currently accounting for approximately 8% of global CO2 emissions and 7% of industry energy use, the use of suitable SCMs to partially replace cement in concrete is extremely important. However, while coal-fired power stations are in the …


Modelling The Thermoelectric Properties Of Cement-Based Materials Using Finite Element Method And Effective Medium Theory, Lorenzo Stella, Conrad Johnston, Javier Troncoso, Piotr Chudzinski, Esther Orisakwee, Jorge Kohanoff, Ruchita Jani, Niall Holmes Dr., Brian Norton, Xiaoli Liu, Ming Qu, Hongxi Yin, Kazuaki Yazawa 2022 Queen's University Belfast

Modelling The Thermoelectric Properties Of Cement-Based Materials Using Finite Element Method And Effective Medium Theory, Lorenzo Stella, Conrad Johnston, Javier Troncoso, Piotr Chudzinski, Esther Orisakwee, Jorge Kohanoff, Ruchita Jani, Niall Holmes Dr., Brian Norton, Xiaoli Liu, Ming Qu, Hongxi Yin, Kazuaki Yazawa

Conference papers

Because of the thermoelectric (TE) effect (or Seebeck effect), a difference of potential is generated as a consequence of a temperature gradient across a sample. The TE effect has been mostly studied and engineered in semiconducting materials and it already finds several commercial applications. Only recently the TE effect in cement-based materials has been demonstrated and there is a growing interest in its potential. For instance, a temperature gradient across the external walls of a building can be used to generate electricity. By the inverse of the TE effect (or Peltier effect), one can also seek to control the indoor …


Deriving Discrete Solid Phases From Csh-3t And Cshq End-Members To Model Cement Hydration In Phreeqc, Niall Holmes Dr., Colin Walker, Mark Tyrer, Denis Kelliher 2022 Technological University Dublin

Deriving Discrete Solid Phases From Csh-3t And Cshq End-Members To Model Cement Hydration In Phreeqc, Niall Holmes Dr., Colin Walker, Mark Tyrer, Denis Kelliher

Conference papers

This paper presents a cement hydration model over time using the CEMDATA thermodynamic database and a series of discrete solid phases (DSP) to represent calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) as a ternary (CSH-3T) and quaternary (CSHQ) solid solution. C-S-H in cement is amorphous and poorly crystalline with a range of molar Ca/Si ratios = 0.6-1.7 and displays strongly incongruent dissolution behaviour where the release of calcium into solution is several orders of magnitude greater than silicon. It is therefore important that any cement hydration model provides a credible account of this behaviour. C-S-H has been described in the CEMDATA thermodynamic database …


Analysis Of Behaviour Of T Junctions By Varying Angles And Type Of Flow., Rhitam Chakroborty, A.R. Vinod 2022 Department of Civil Engineering RV University, Bengaluru, India

Analysis Of Behaviour Of T Junctions By Varying Angles And Type Of Flow., Rhitam Chakroborty, A.R. Vinod

Undergraduate Academic Research Journal

T-junctions are one of the most difficult pipe fitting in terms of calculation of the head loss occurring through it. Various attempts have been made to derive the value of loss coefficients of the two branches of the tjunctions. Some formulas which involve area ratios and flow ratios are available. However, the use of these coefficients has to be further scrutinized. The erroneous effect of the use of constant loss co-efficients needed to understood and reviewed. This has been done, through the use of a standard network and the simplest network having one T-junction. Further efforts have been made to …


Improving Data-Driven Infrastructure Degradation Forecast Skill With Stepwise Asset Condition Prediction Models, Kurt R. Lamm, Justin D. Delorit, Michael N. Grussing, Steven J. Schuldt 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Improving Data-Driven Infrastructure Degradation Forecast Skill With Stepwise Asset Condition Prediction Models, Kurt R. Lamm, Justin D. Delorit, Michael N. Grussing, Steven J. Schuldt

Faculty Publications

Organizations with large facility and infrastructure portfolios have used asset management databases for over ten years to collect and standardize asset condition data. Decision makers use these data to predict asset degradation and expected service life, enabling prioritized maintenance, repair, and renovation actions that reduce asset life-cycle costs and achieve organizational objectives. However, these asset condition forecasts are calculated using standardized, self-correcting distribution models that rely on poorly-fit, continuous functions. This research presents four stepwise asset condition forecast models that utilize historical asset inspection data to improve prediction accuracy: (1) Slope, (2) Weighted Slope, (3) Condition-Intelligent Weighted Slope, and (4) …


Damage Assessment In Aging Structures Using Augmented Reality, Omar Zuhair Awadallah, Ayan Sadhu 2022 Western University

Damage Assessment In Aging Structures Using Augmented Reality, Omar Zuhair Awadallah, Ayan Sadhu

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is the assessment of bridges and observation of data regarding these bridges over time to monitor their evolution and detect the presence of any possible damages. However, existing methods to perform structural inspections in bridges are high in cost, time-consuming and risky. Inspectors use expensive equipment to reach a certain area of the bridge to inspect it, and at different heights, this can pose a risk to the inspector’s safety. This study aims to find cheaper, faster, and safer ways to perform structural inspections using augmented reality and artificial intelligence. The developed system uses a machine …


Experimental Performance Evaluation Of A Convective Thermoelectric Building Envelope For Building Heating And Cooling, Xiaoli Liu, Kazuaki Yazawa, Ming Qu, Orkan Kurtulus, Brian Norton, Niall Holmes Dr., Ruchita Jani, Jorge Kohanoff, Lorenzo Stella, Conrad Johnston, Hongxi Yin 2022 Purdue University

Experimental Performance Evaluation Of A Convective Thermoelectric Building Envelope For Building Heating And Cooling, Xiaoli Liu, Kazuaki Yazawa, Ming Qu, Orkan Kurtulus, Brian Norton, Niall Holmes Dr., Ruchita Jani, Jorge Kohanoff, Lorenzo Stella, Conrad Johnston, Hongxi Yin

Articles

The thermoelectric building envelope (TBE) integrates thermoelectric materials with the building envelope for active space heating and cooling. The advantage of TBE heating and cooling includes its significantly low-profile design and no refrigerant use. Although there are existing studies evaluating TBE performance, they were based on limited operating conditions. The study aims to experimentally evaluate the heating and cooling performance of a TBE prototype under various operating conditions. The TBE prototype was installed between two psychrometric chambers, which simulated indoor and outdoor conditions. The prototype was tested at an indoor temperature of around 22.35–23.58 degrees C and outdoor temperatures from …


Mechanical Responses Of Soil-Geosynthetic Composite (Sgc) Mass Under Failure Load, Meen-Wah Gui, Truc Phan, Thang Pham 2022 National Taipei University of Technology

Mechanical Responses Of Soil-Geosynthetic Composite (Sgc) Mass Under Failure Load, Meen-Wah Gui, Truc Phan, Thang Pham

Civil Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

There is an increasing awareness on the major benefits of using soil-geosynthetic composite (SGC) to achieve and maintain the stability of earth-filled embankment. Unlike the mechanically stabilized earth wall, the mechanism of the composite mass is still not fully understood. For examples, current analyses have been limited to an SGC mass with a reinforcement spacing Sv of 0.2 m only; the combined effect of reinforcement and backfill properties is rarely studied; the equation for the estimation of the load-carrying capacity of the SGC mass has only been validated for backfill with maximum particle size dmax between 10 mm and 33 …


Master Plan Of Water Distribution System For Srinagar And Hanumanth Nagar Wards - Using Epanet, Sneha G, Nikhil B, K Galajalaxmi Prof., Syed Abdulla Furkhan, Narasimhamurthy H, Jagadish Babu Mr. 2022 Department of Civil Engineering. RV College of Engineering Bengaluru, India

Master Plan Of Water Distribution System For Srinagar And Hanumanth Nagar Wards - Using Epanet, Sneha G, Nikhil B, K Galajalaxmi Prof., Syed Abdulla Furkhan, Narasimhamurthy H, Jagadish Babu Mr.

Undergraduate Academic Research Journal

Every metropolitan city requires a master plan which provides a conceptual layout to guide future growth and development of the city. One of the reasons for water crisis in developing countries is due to inefficient and wasteful water management systems. In this research paper EPANET is used to build the water network model, optimize it, compute head-loss, velocity of flow in each node and flow in each pipe in the water distribution. It can be used to consider and understand the growth of the demand of city with the design period of 30 years. The above knowledge is used to …


Simulating The Impact Of Urban Sprawl In Spatiotemporal Variation Of Air Pollution In Bangalore Region Using Ml And Gis., Gagan Vernekar, Dhanush B. Naidu, K Galajalaxmi Prof., Kiran K, Manjunatha Havinal 2022 Department of Civil Engineering. RV College of Engineering Bengaluru, India

Simulating The Impact Of Urban Sprawl In Spatiotemporal Variation Of Air Pollution In Bangalore Region Using Ml And Gis., Gagan Vernekar, Dhanush B. Naidu, K Galajalaxmi Prof., Kiran K, Manjunatha Havinal

Undergraduate Academic Research Journal

The rapid expansion of urban areas due to rise in population and economic growth is increasing the additional demand on natural resources thereby causing land-use changes especially in megacities. Bengaluru, being a city of India’s high-tech industry has been facing deteriorating environmental conditions. This paper deals with studying the problems by designing the Machine Learning (ML) model which helps in detecting the Green Cover Change, Urban sprawl, Air Quality Parameters concentration in Bangalore region for the future and analyse them with Geographic Information System (GIS) data’s using Remote Sensing (RS) satellite images of various years of Bangalore city along with …


Time Motion Study On Soil Protection Works, Santosh Tekkannavar 2022 Department of Civil Engineering, Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Time Motion Study On Soil Protection Works, Santosh Tekkannavar

Undergraduate Academic Research Journal

Soil protection works have become popular due to their immense contribution to protecting the building from land sliding. A building structure requires a stable foundation to ensure best construction and durability. There are various engineering techniques in soil protection works, this paper consists of the Soil nailing procedure adopted in the Northwest Commercial multi-use (NWCM) Project of Karle Infra Pvt. Ltd Company, currently executed by the vendor Geoengineering Pvt. Ltd. Soil nailing technique is used to stabilize the existing slope and construct retaining walls from top down. Steel nails are used as a reinforcement of soil which are drilled and …


Star Rating For Bh Road, Shivamogga City Using Irap Assessment, Sricharan R Mr., Syed Yaseen Afshad Mr., Anirudh N Mr. 2022 Dept. of Transportation Engineering & management, Jawaharlal Nehru New College of Engineering, Shivamogga-577204, Karnataka, India

Star Rating For Bh Road, Shivamogga City Using Irap Assessment, Sricharan R Mr., Syed Yaseen Afshad Mr., Anirudh N Mr.

Undergraduate Academic Research Journal

Road traffic crashes kill over millions of children and young people each year. Understanding the emergency of the situation and the need to act, governments from all over the world unanimously reducing road deaths and injuries by using this software. The major goal of this study is to conduct a road safety evaluation utilising the iRAP visualizer in Shivamogga,

India. For this length of road, a traffic video graphics study was conducted. The iRAP's road attributes are then coded. Star Rating demonstrator to obtain the Star Rating for each road users.


Spatio Temproral Landuse And Landcover Analysis Using Remote Sensing: A Case Study On Shivamogga City, Sushma L Mrs., Anirudh N Mr., Sricharan R Mr. 2022 Dept. of Transportation Engineering & management, Jawaharlal Nehru New College of Engineering, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India

Spatio Temproral Landuse And Landcover Analysis Using Remote Sensing: A Case Study On Shivamogga City, Sushma L Mrs., Anirudh N Mr., Sricharan R Mr.

Undergraduate Academic Research Journal

Shivamogga's population has grown significantly in recent years. The city's size has grown in lockstep with its population. The rapid increase in urban population is primarily due to people migrating from rural areas, villages, and other cities to larger cities in quest of better job opportunities and a greater quality of life. As a result of this pressure, cities have grown out of control to accommodate these people, resulting in sprawl, which is a severe problem that must be addressed. The main purpose of this research is to better understand Shivamogga's landuse and landcover, as well as the changes that …


Investigating The Blending Mechanism And Strength Development Of 100% Hot In-Place Recycled Asphalt Mixtures, Yuetan Ma 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Investigating The Blending Mechanism And Strength Development Of 100% Hot In-Place Recycled Asphalt Mixtures, Yuetan Ma

Doctoral Dissertations

The current tendency in the asphalt paving industry is to increase the utilization of recycled asphalt pavement (RAP). Hot in-place recycling (HIR) is a promising approach to consume 100% RAP from the existing pavement for pavement surface rehabilitation in the field. However, some concerns remained regarding the utilization of HIR techniques in pavement rehabilitation: 1. Whether it is cost-effective to apply the in-place recycling techniques to pavement rehabilitation compared to the conventional HMA surface milling & filling? 2. How to improve the performance of the asphalt mixtures with HIR technique? 3. How much RAP binder can be available for coating …


Deep Learning-Based Robotic Perception For Adaptive Facility Disinfection, Da Hu 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Deep Learning-Based Robotic Perception For Adaptive Facility Disinfection, Da Hu

Doctoral Dissertations

Hospitals, schools, airports, and other environments built for mass gatherings can become hot spots for microbial pathogen colonization, transmission, and exposure, greatly accelerating the spread of infectious diseases across communities, cities, nations, and the world. Outbreaks of infectious diseases impose huge burdens on our society. Mitigating the spread of infectious pathogens within mass-gathering facilities requires routine cleaning and disinfection, which are primarily performed by cleaning staff under current practice. However, manual disinfection is limited in terms of both effectiveness and efficiency, as it is labor-intensive, time-consuming, and health-undermining. While existing studies have developed a variety of robotic systems for disinfecting …


Implementation Of Secondary And Tertiary Treated Wastewater In Concrete Manufacturing, Amany G. Micheal Prof., Haidy Abdel Salam, Gouda Ghanem 2022 The British University in Egypt

Implementation Of Secondary And Tertiary Treated Wastewater In Concrete Manufacturing, Amany G. Micheal Prof., Haidy Abdel Salam, Gouda Ghanem

Civil Engineering

Water scarcity is a problem that faces many regions. In a developing and arid country like Egypt, the need for freshwater is exponentially increasing. This research is an evaluation of the recycled wastewater to be used in concrete manufacturing. The treated wastewater is blended with potable water with percentages of 25%, 50%, and 100%. The mixture of the two types of water is used in concrete mixing and curing. Control specimens with pure potable water are cast for comparison. The setting time for Ordinary Portland Cement is tested using the different water mixes. The hardened concrete is tested in compression …


Effect Of Varying Amounts Of Sandstone On The Performance Of Asphalt Mixtures In Arkansas, David Murphy 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effect Of Varying Amounts Of Sandstone On The Performance Of Asphalt Mixtures In Arkansas, David Murphy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There are many different species and subspecies of aggregate used across the state of Arkansas, and the rest the country. However, it cannot be presumed that the amount and type of these aggregates will be compatible with the commonly used asphalt binder of an area; this can lead to performance issues and premature pavement damage. It has been suspected in Arkansas that an excessive amount of sandstone in asphalt mixtures may be a culprit of some of these premature pavement damage issues, especially regarding the moisture susceptibility of a pavement. This study aimed to analyze the performance effects of using …


Development Of Ultra High Performance Composite Impact Panels Using Emaa, Jeffrey Hollstein 2022 The University of Maine

Development Of Ultra High Performance Composite Impact Panels Using Emaa, Jeffrey Hollstein

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

UHPC with the addition of fibers is recognized for its increased impact resistance compared to typical strength concrete. To further increase the resilience, recent studies have been conducted to reinforce the UHPC with CFRTP on the front and rear face to create sandwich panels. These studies used PETg/E-glass CFRTP bonded to the UHPC using EMAA (Surlyn) in a stamp thermoforming process. Impact tests conducted on these panels have shown that delamination has been the initial and detrimental failure to the sandwich composite. Increasing the composites resistance to debonding will increase the impact energy required to debond the composite. In this …


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