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Graphical Design And Analysis Of Mass Exchange Networks Using Composition Driving Forces, Nessren Mohamed Farrag, Dina Ahmed Kamel, Ayat Ossama Ghallab, Mamdouh Ayad Gadalla, Mai Kamal Fouad 2021 The British University in Egypt

Graphical Design And Analysis Of Mass Exchange Networks Using Composition Driving Forces, Nessren Mohamed Farrag, Dina Ahmed Kamel, Ayat Ossama Ghallab, Mamdouh Ayad Gadalla, Mai Kamal Fouad

Chemical Engineering

Pinch analysis is a methodology for minimizing energy and mass consumption in different industries. It has been widely applied for more efficient processes. This study presents a new graphical-approach to analyze and design Mass Integration (MI) and exchange networks that follows Pinch principles to guarantee maximum mass recovery with minimum losses. This technique uses the composition driving forces in network representation as it rules the mass transfer between streams. The proposed approach can be applied on both existing mass networks as well as new ones. This graphical representation a visual descriptive design tool to describe and explain the details of …


Probing The Role Of Silicates For Corrosion Control In Lead Plumbing, Hailey Holmes 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Probing The Role Of Silicates For Corrosion Control In Lead Plumbing, Hailey Holmes

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lead service lines and fittings were installed in Canada's drinking water networks until 1986 and currently pose severe health risks. As pipes corrode over decades of use, lead is released into drinking water resulting in dangerous exposure to elevated lead levels. Sodium silicates can be used for corrosion control of lead, however a basic understanding of how they work is lacking. This thesis describes the results of experiments conducted to determine how silicates interact with lead and aluminum in drinking water, using microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. The results show the presence of silicates inhibited Pb2+ carbonates from oxidizing into …


Adsorption And Transport Of Colloids At Interface And In Bulk, JinGyun Lee 2021 Louisiana State University

Adsorption And Transport Of Colloids At Interface And In Bulk, Jingyun Lee

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Colloids are suspensions of microscopic insoluble particles dispersed in a continuum phase such as liquid or gas. Colloids are found in our everyday life from food and cosmetic industries to pharmaceutical and biomedical applications. Depending on a global minimum of the free-energy landscape, colloidal suspensions can be classified as two major classes: equilibrium or active colloidal system. This Ph.D dissertation presents strategies to engineer equilibrium self-assembled structures and out-of-equilibrium active matter using various interparticle forces.

First, we introduce the means to promote the equilibrium self-assembled structures driven by adsorption of colloids at interface. Typically, adsorption of colloids at interface is …


Gold-Semiconductor Photocatalysts For Water Treatment Under Visible And Ultraviolet Light, Daniel Willis 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Gold-Semiconductor Photocatalysts For Water Treatment Under Visible And Ultraviolet Light, Daniel Willis

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Water scarcity threatens the lives of millions of people worldwide. It is imperative to improve the energy efficiency and affordability of water treatment methods to avoid a looming water-energy crisis. To meet this challenge, I have pursued research on the use of sunlight—our most reliable and abundant source of energy—to drive water treatment through photocatalysis. I explored the literature and found gold-semiconductor materials to hold promise for harvesting sunlight and catalyzing the breakdown of waterborne contaminants. Initially, I designed a novel optical cavity with gold (Au) nanoparticles on a zinc oxide / titania (TiO2) / aluminum film stack …


Fabrication And Characterization Of Electrospun Poly(Acrylonitrile-Co-Methyl Acrylate)/Lignin Nanofibers: Effects Of Lignin Type And Total Polymer Concentration, Suchitha Devadas, Saja M. Nabat Al-Ajrash, Donald A. Klosterman, Kenya A. Crosson, Garry S. Crosson, Erick S. Vasquez 2021 University of Dayton

Fabrication And Characterization Of Electrospun Poly(Acrylonitrile-Co-Methyl Acrylate)/Lignin Nanofibers: Effects Of Lignin Type And Total Polymer Concentration, Suchitha Devadas, Saja M. Nabat Al-Ajrash, Donald A. Klosterman, Kenya A. Crosson, Garry S. Crosson, Erick S. Vasquez

Chemical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Lignin macromolecules are potential precursor materials for producing electrospun nanofibers for composite applications. However, little is known about the effect of lignin type and blend ratios with synthetic polymers. This study analyzed blends of poly(acrylonitrile-co-methyl acrylate) (PAN-MA) with two types of commercially available lignin, low sulfonate (LSL) and alkali, kraft lignin (AL), in DMF solvent. The electrospinning and polymer blend solution conditions were optimized to produce thermally stable, smooth lignin-based nanofibers with total polymer content of up to 20 wt % in solution and a 50/50 blend weight ratio. Microscopy studies revealed that AL blends possess good solubility, miscibility, and …


Emulsion Templating Application For Synthesis Of A Porous Zein Biocompatible Oil Adsorbent, Nathan Holley 2021 Louisiana State University

Emulsion Templating Application For Synthesis Of A Porous Zein Biocompatible Oil Adsorbent, Nathan Holley

LSU Master's Theses

The recovery of spilled oil from water sources using hydrophobic porous absorbent has gained significant interest due to the ease of implementation, large-scale adaptability, and robust nature of the technique. However, the lack of biodegradability of these synthetic adsorbents has caused concern of further contaminating the environment from the generation of microplastic waste that is known to persist and accumulate in the marine food chain and other ecosystems. To mitigate this potential hazard, a new biocompatible alternative is needed to replace the non-degradable synthetic materials currently used. This thesis presents ZEin-based Low Density porous Absorbent (ZELDA), synthesized using a particle …


Magnetically Induced Demulsification Of Water And Castor Oil Dispersions Stabilized By Fe3o4-Coated Cellulose Nanocrystals, Mohammad J. Hasan, Frankie A. Petrie, Ashley E. Johnson, Joshua Peltan, Meredith Gannon, Robert T. Busch, Serhiy O. Leontsev, Erick S. Vasquez, Esteban E. Ureña-Benavides 2021 University of Mississippi

Magnetically Induced Demulsification Of Water And Castor Oil Dispersions Stabilized By Fe3o4-Coated Cellulose Nanocrystals, Mohammad J. Hasan, Frankie A. Petrie, Ashley E. Johnson, Joshua Peltan, Meredith Gannon, Robert T. Busch, Serhiy O. Leontsev, Erick S. Vasquez, Esteban E. Ureña-Benavides

Chemical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Superparamagnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticle (NP) coated cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were synthesized and used to prepare emulsions with magnetically controlled stability. Magnetite NPs were deposited onto the surface of wood pulp CNCs (WCNCs) and bacterial CNCs (BCNCs) by a one-step coprecipitation method. The effect of the CNC to Fe3O4 mass ratio (1:1, 1:2, and 1:4) was varied to optimize the colloidal, magnetic and emulsifying properties of the hybrid NPs. TEM images showed that the 1:4 ratios lead to greater coverage of Fe3O4 than lower Fe3O4 loadings (1:1, and 1:2). The CNCs and Fe3O4 appeared to interact via hydrogen bonding between …


Production Of Engineered Carbons From Secondary Waste Streams For Environmental Applications, Ghazaleh Chegini 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Production Of Engineered Carbons From Secondary Waste Streams For Environmental Applications, Ghazaleh Chegini

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Pyrolysis and activation were used in this thesis to produce biochar and activated carbon from industrial digestate and hydrochar materials. In the first part of thesis, digestate derived biochars were obtained by varying the pyrolysis heating rate (10, 80, 100, 200, >1000 °C·min-1) and temperature (300 to 600 °C) to modify their soil-related characteristics (i.e., nutrient leachability, carbon stability, and heavy metal adsorptive capacity). The biochar produced at a temperature of 500 °C and heating rate of 10 °C·min-1 was also activated under using CO2 at 800 °C with different holding times (0.5-2 h). Results indicated …


Recycling Of Cullet, Waste Clay Bricks And Wastes Resulted From Wheat And Sugarcane Cultivations In The Manufacture Of Fired Clay Bricks, Mai H. Roushdy 2021 The British University in Egypt

Recycling Of Cullet, Waste Clay Bricks And Wastes Resulted From Wheat And Sugarcane Cultivations In The Manufacture Of Fired Clay Bricks, Mai H. Roushdy

Chemical Engineering

The agriculture wastes are considered as a big environmental problem. The main purpose of this research is to determine the possibility of producing fired clay bricks from a mixture of agriculture wastes in addition to other wastes. The first type of wastes is the cullet while the second type is the wastes is the waste clay bricks (Homra) and the third is an agricultural residue obtained from wheat and sugarcane cultivation. The first step of the experimental work is performing XRF and sieve analysis for raw materials. Brick samples with Cubic shape with dimensions 50 × 50 × 50 mm3 …


Synthesis Of Uio-66 Metal Organic Frameworks, Nicholas Johnston, Larissa Lagria 2021 University of Alabama in Huntsville

Synthesis Of Uio-66 Metal Organic Frameworks, Nicholas Johnston, Larissa Lagria

Summer Community of Scholars Posters (RCEU and HCR Combined Programs)

No abstract provided.


Molecular-Level Understanding Of Ionic & Electronic Charge Storage Mechanisms In Rechargeable Aluminum Batteries Using Sold-State Nmr, Ankur Lahanu Jadhav 2021 CUNY City College

Molecular-Level Understanding Of Ionic & Electronic Charge Storage Mechanisms In Rechargeable Aluminum Batteries Using Sold-State Nmr, Ankur Lahanu Jadhav

Dissertations and Theses

Rechargeable aluminum-ion batteries are safe and low-cost alternatives to traditional lithium-ion batteries due to the high volumetric capacity (8040 mAh/cm3) of aluminum. However, very few electrode materials have shown reversible aluminum ion intercalation. Intercalation Al3+ ions in these structures leads to poor capacity retention, mainly due to slow solid-state diffusion of the highly charged tri-valent aluminum ions within these crystalline structures. In 2015, aluminum ions were shown to reversibly intercalate/de-intercalate into the Chevrel Mo6S8 phase, though the intercalation mechanism is not well understood. Alternatively, molecular chloroaluminate ions within the ionic liquid electrolyte have also …


An Investigation Of The Airborne Particulate Matter Related Health Hazards Present In Makerspaces, Justin Keller 2021 Bucknell University

An Investigation Of The Airborne Particulate Matter Related Health Hazards Present In Makerspaces, Justin Keller

Honors Theses

Airborne particulate matter poses several health hazards ranging from pulmonary inflammation to cardiovascular disease. Particulate matter is produced through many fabrication processes common to makerspaces, such as 3D printing and laser cutting. The danger of these particles is worsened when makerspaces are retrofitted into spaces not designed with good ventilation or safety controls, such as libraries and public schools. This thesis evaluates the relationship between makerspaces and hazardous particle generation with both continuous and motion sensor controlled ventilation, showing that the latter creates unsafe working conditions. Both observational and controlled studies were conducted in Bucknell’s Mooney Lab makerspace monitoring particle …


Temporal Understanding Of The Conversion Of Normal Synovial Fibroblasts Into Osteoarthritic Fibroblasts, Danielle McDowell 2021 University of Alabama in Huntsville

Temporal Understanding Of The Conversion Of Normal Synovial Fibroblasts Into Osteoarthritic Fibroblasts, Danielle Mcdowell

Summer Community of Scholars Posters (RCEU and HCR Combined Programs)

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Surface Topography On The Deposition Of Colloids, Mikhail Ramirez 2021 University of Alabama in Huntsville

The Effect Of Surface Topography On The Deposition Of Colloids, Mikhail Ramirez

Summer Community of Scholars Posters (RCEU and HCR Combined Programs)

No abstract provided.


Evaluación Técnica Y Económica De La Producción De Biodiésel A Partir De Aceite Usado De Cocina En Colombia, Mercedes del Pilar Vera Mahecha, Felipe Vargas Torres 2021 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Evaluación Técnica Y Económica De La Producción De Biodiésel A Partir De Aceite Usado De Cocina En Colombia, Mercedes Del Pilar Vera Mahecha, Felipe Vargas Torres

Ingeniería Química

En esta investigación se llevó a cabo la caracterización fisicoquímica del aceite usado de cocina, se desarrolló la cinética de la reacción de esterificación ácida del aceite pretratado y finalmente se determinó la pre-factibilidad técnica y económica de la producción de biodiésel a partir de aceite usado de cocina en Colombia.

El proyecto se realizó en siete etapas, la primera consistió en determinar la escala del proceso, en la segunda se realizó la caracterización fisicoquímica del aceite usado de cocina, en la tercera se determinó la cinética de esterificación ácida a 3 diferentes temperaturas (50-55-60ºC) usando H2SO4 …


Increasing The Corrosion Protection Of Aisi 1008 Carbon Steel By Surface Treatment With Unmodified And Benzotriazole Modified Sol-Gel Films, Shane Thomas Kelliher 2021 The University of Akron

Increasing The Corrosion Protection Of Aisi 1008 Carbon Steel By Surface Treatment With Unmodified And Benzotriazole Modified Sol-Gel Films, Shane Thomas Kelliher

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The corrosion performance of sol-gel coated AISI 1008 carbon steel was investigated in 3.5 wt% NaCl solutions of pH 7, 9, and 12 using electrochemical measurements. A corrosion inhibitor, benzotriazole (BTA) was added to the sol-gel mixture and tested as a second, modified sol-gel coating. Sol-gel films adhered evenly to metal samples and were characterized by FTIR spectroscopy. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) showed an increase in polarization resistance from blank to sol-gel coated samples (600-18,800,000 ohms). Cyclic polarization (CPP) curves showed positive hysteresis loops for blank and unmodified sol-gel coated samples which increased at high pH following the backward potential …


Image Analysis Of Colloidal Systems For Pair And Triplet Correlations., Brianna Price 2021 University of Louisville

Image Analysis Of Colloidal Systems For Pair And Triplet Correlations., Brianna Price

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Interactions among colloidal particles drive stability of suspensions or the assembly of particles into larger superstructures such as agglomerates or crystals. Typically, colloidal interactions are modeled using pairwise interaction potential energies which consider the interactions between pairs of particles. However, additional particles can modulate pair potentials, leading models to predict incorrect behavior. To analyze the effects of three-body interactions on the structuring of colloidal systems, pair and triplet correlation functions are calculated from published experimental data. These correlation functions are then translated into empirical pair and triplet potentials of mean force, which are then used to model systems more accurately …


The Extraction Of Waxes And Lipids From Sorghum Using Green And Renewable Solvents Followed By Conversion To Biofuels Using Gamma-Valerolactone Pretreatment, Marissa Gallmeyer 2021 Michigan Technological University

The Extraction Of Waxes And Lipids From Sorghum Using Green And Renewable Solvents Followed By Conversion To Biofuels Using Gamma-Valerolactone Pretreatment, Marissa Gallmeyer

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Plant matter contains waxes and lipids that can be extracted and used or sold as a value-added product prior to conversion of the remaining plant material to biofuels. Wax and lipid extraction of plant materials is currently performed using volatile, non-renewable hydrocarbons, primarily hexane, which is produced from fossil fuels and can pose a health and safety hazard. The purpose of this study is to compare the amount and characteristics of waxes extracted by hexane with those extracted using organic solvents that are less toxic and can be produced from renewable sources.

Sorghum samples were extracted separately with hexane, 2-methyltetrahydrofuran …


Specifically Adsorbed Ions In Hematite Flotation, Natalia Parra Alvarez 2021 Michigan Technological University

Specifically Adsorbed Ions In Hematite Flotation, Natalia Parra Alvarez

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Specifically adsorbed ions, such as calcium and magnesium in iron ore flotation, are ions that can chemically bind with the mineral surfaces and alter the surface properties. Calcium and magnesium are unavoidable in process water and their concentrations are increasing due to water recirculation and reagent additions. These ions are detrimental to the flotation process. Calcium has always been the main focus in research, yet we found that magnesium is more detrimental in flotation due to its smaller atomic size. Starch adsorption in iron ore flotation is key for the effective depression of hematite. It has been determined by flotation, …


Information Architecture For A Chemical Modeling Knowledge Graph, Adam R. Luxon 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

Information Architecture For A Chemical Modeling Knowledge Graph, Adam R. Luxon

Theses and Dissertations

Machine learning models for chemical property predictions are high dimension design challenges spanning multiple disciplines. Free and open-source software libraries have streamlined the model implementation process, but the design complexity remains. In order better navigate and understand the machine learning design space, model information needs to be organized and contextualized. In this work, instances of chemical property models and their associated parameters were stored in a Neo4j property graph database. Machine learning model instances were created with permutations of dataset, learning algorithm, molecular featurization, data scaling, data splitting, hyperparameters, and hyperparameter optimization techniques. The resulting graph contains over 83,000 nodes …


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