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Fables Agreed Upon:A Comparative Study Of New Historicism And Alternate History, Feng Li, Yitzhak Lewis 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

Fables Agreed Upon:A Comparative Study Of New Historicism And Alternate History, Feng Li, Yitzhak Lewis

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

New Historicism and alternate history raise similar questions regarding history and ideology. New Historicism reads every text as an alternate history narrative,while the narrative mode in alternate history can inspire a nuanced understanding of the critical positions promoted by New Historicism. The paper offers a comparative study of the two in terms of their conceptualizations of historical narrative,intertextuality,narrativity,non-linear structure and spatiality. It seeks to create dialogues between different voices in both the critical theory and the literary genre with respect to their attention to mundane matters,their allusions to the present and projections of the future ...


“Birth Of New Things From Old Things”: The Dialectics Of Ding Ling's “Transformation” In The Left-Wing Literature Movement During The 1930s, Shujie Wu 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

“Birth Of New Things From Old Things”: The Dialectics Of Ding Ling's “Transformation” In The Left-Wing Literature Movement During The 1930s, Shujie Wu

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

Written in the summer of 1931,Ding Ling's Flood is considered to represent her turn to the left-wing. This was the result of Ding Ling's transformation in thought and the construction in the organized movement of the League of Left-wing Writers.With the dialectical materialist method of creation,Feng Xuefeng reinterpreted Flood,turning it into a practice of the "November Resolution". This established new space of discourse and path of practice for the cultural struggle of left-wing writers in the new situation.


A Study Of The Relationship Between Zhou Zuoren And Takeuchi Yoshimi As An Overseas Student In Beijing, Wanming Liu 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

A Study Of The Relationship Between Zhou Zuoren And Takeuchi Yoshimi As An Overseas Student In Beijing, Wanming Liu

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

From 1937 to 1939,Takeuchi Yoshimi studied in Beijing as an overseas student. During this time,he had adeveloped deep understanding of literature's inefficacy when confronted with Japanese invaders' political violence. At the sametime,through befriending Zhou Zuoren,Takeuchi was deeply affected by him,especially regarding his views on the relationshipbetween literature and politics,national character,cultural subjectivity,and modernization of East Asia. In the end,Zhou Zuoren became a bridge for Takeuchi Yoshimi to Lu Xun. By using the two key words,"ghost" and "sorrow of the East Asia people",to connect Zhou Zuoren and Lu Xun,Takeuchi ...


On The Relationship Between The Morality Advocating Campaign In The Qing Dynasty And Popular Novels, Caixun Chen 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

On The Relationship Between The Morality Advocating Campaign In The Qing Dynasty And Popular Novels, Caixun Chen

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

Through the nationwide Morality Advocating Campaign,the Qing government brought novels into cultural management, which had a profound influence on the creation and dissemination of the novel. In such a political and cultural ecology, censership and banning of novels,which had formed an important part of the social Morality Advocating Campaign,became a top- down,national cultural conscious action in Qing Dynasty. On the one hand,in order to enhance the effect of advocating morality, some“moralist scholars”intentionally fictionized the moral-instruction books. On the other hand,some novelists consciously utilized popular novels to implement persuasion in order to cooperate ...


A Comparison Of The Two Historical Narrative Approaches To Qi Baishi's “Late Life Transformation”, Zhongyi Xia 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

A Comparison Of The Two Historical Narrative Approaches To Qi Baishi's “Late Life Transformation”, Zhongyi Xia

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

The two historical narrative approaches to Qi Baishi's “late-life transformation” could be referred to as “the Sovietperspective” and “the non-Soviet perspective”. The former is characterized by “framing history with theory” and “substitutinghistory with theory”,while the latter “confirming theory with historical facts” and “constructing theory with historical facts”.Following the thread “constructing theory with historical facts”,one must valorize The Autobiography of Qi Baishi, because itssimple summary of “late-life transformation” is reliable as “history”,and as theory it is also superbly profound,which can shedlight on the absurdity of the Soviet perspective “framing history with theory”. Likewise,by following ...


Cento: The Categorizing Feature And Fictional Function Of Verse In The Vernacular Stories Of The Song And Yuan Dynasties, Chuyan Ye 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

Cento: The Categorizing Feature And Fictional Function Of Verse In The Vernacular Stories Of The Song And Yuan Dynasties, Chuyan Ye

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

In the vernacular stories of the Song and Yuan dynasties,centos of poems or ci-poems not only appear in the beginning of the story as a lead-in,but also widely exist in the rhymed texts of other parts. Judging by its content and form,the performance of centos is closely related to the art form of hesheng (a form of rhyme created upon sighting anything) in the Song and Yuan Dynasties. According to the audience's familiarity with the rhymed text,and the story-teller's categorization of knowledge and utilization of techniques,the centos in the story-telling scripts can be ...


The Aesthetics Of Witheredness And Artistic Creations In The Song Dynasty, Yun Dong 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

The Aesthetics Of Witheredness And Artistic Creations In The Song Dynasty, Yun Dong

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

In the Song dynasty,witheredness (ku) came to be the representation of a particular type of beauty,with the withered objects regarded as the object of aesthetic interest. The taste for witheredness manifests in various forms such as cold and thin,sparse and plain,old and strange,epitomizing the ancient-emulating aesthetics of the Song dynasty. Besides literary texts highlighting the withered objects,literati paintings constitute a unique world characterized by witheredness popularized with examples of withered objects such as dead trees,aged plum trees,and thin bamboos. The aesthetics for the withered reflects the taste and spiritual pursuit of the ...


Anthologies Of Ancient Chinese Fiction Compiled By Western Sinologists And The Construction Of The Literary Style Of Fiction, Lijuan Song 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

Anthologies Of Ancient Chinese Fiction Compiled By Western Sinologists And The Construction Of The Literary Style Of Fiction, Lijuan Song

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

Anthologies of ancient Chinese fiction compiled by Western Sinologists are an important channel for their textualization in the West. These fictive works exist mainly in three forms: selected translations of ancient Chinese fiction,selected works of Chinese literature,and histories of Chinese literature. Being translations,samples and selections at the same time,these texts also feature functions of in-betweenness,exhibition and criticism. Through translation,exhibition and criticism,those anthologies have not only textualized ancient Chinese fiction in the West,but also investigate Chinese fiction from Western perspective, which,regarding issues of translation,origin,and types of Chinese fiction,facilitated the ...


Yang Weizhen And The Changes Of Poetics In Late Yuan Dynasty, Fang Ding 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

Yang Weizhen And The Changes Of Poetics In Late Yuan Dynasty, Fang Ding

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

The history of poetry in Yuan dynasty is usually divided into three periods. In the early Yuan period,the poetic style of late Tang dynasty and late Song dynasty was prevalence. In the middle-Yuan period,the high Tang style was emulated,as was represented by the so-called the Four Great Yuan Poets who were officials and served in the court. Yang Weizhen,an influential poet in late Yuan dynasty for his poetics,however,advocated the Six-Dynasty poetry as well as the works of Li Po,Li Ho,Tao Yuanming,Wei Yingwu,Liu Zongyuan,Du fu,Li Shangyin,etc. Yang Weizhen ...


An Analysis Of Chinese Fiction's Impact On The Joseon Conception Of Fiction, Weiguo Zhao 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

An Analysis Of Chinese Fiction's Impact On The Joseon Conception Of Fiction, Weiguo Zhao

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

Based on the literature of Goryeo and Joseon fiction,this article aims to study ancient Korean fictive works written in Chinese,and explores the conception of early Goryeo and Joseon fiction from the lens of its reception of Chinese understanding of fiction. With the wide spread of fictive works such as Taiping Guangji and Jiandeng Xinhua on the Korean Peninsula,Goryeo and Joseon scholars began to understand and consciously create fiction. Then,Seo Geojung and Yi Seungso,who inherited the Confucian conception of fiction,put forward the“jesting theory”and“completing history theory”. These ideas not only laid the foundation ...


Narratives Of Journey To The West In Overseas Sinology, Hongbo Zhu, Xinxin Wang 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

Narratives Of Journey To The West In Overseas Sinology, Hongbo Zhu, Xinxin Wang

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

Since the mid20th century, in Japan, as well as some European and American countries, studies of Journey to the West have started to emerge, which, with rich content and fruitful achievements, are in themselves narratives of overseas Sinology on this novel. Besides being an important part of overseas Sinology, they are also an extension to the modern study of Journey to the West in China, which testifies to the significance of cultural exchange in the process of “Chinese culture going West”. At the same time, through examining and interpreting Journey to the West from the perspective of global and ...


The Narrative Tension In Japanese Collection Of Pseudo-Biography Kikai Gisenden, Dongbo Bian 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

The Narrative Tension In Japanese Collection Of Pseudo-Biography Kikai Gisenden, Dongbo Bian

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

"Kikai gisenden" is the only extant Japanese collection of pseudo-biography written in classical Chinese, which includes biographies for everyday utensils in the light of "viewing history as play" and "regarding object as man." These pseudo-biographies focus on the features of the utensils in narrative, while pointing to the nature of "recluse" and "immortality" of the characters. These aims in the pseudo-biographies both exhibit the influence from the biographical writing of recluses and immortal beings in Chinese tradition and manifest Japanese elements in its narrative through the use of Japanese imageries and words. Kikai gisenden provides an important text for the ...


On Allegory, Metaphor, And Allegorical Interpretation, Longxi Zhang 2021 Theoretical Studies in Literature and Arts

On Allegory, Metaphor, And Allegorical Interpretation, Longxi Zhang

Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art

In the 4th and 5th centuries B.C., the rise of philosophy challenged the authority of Homer and many philosophers, notably Plato, dismissed Homer and poetry in the quarrel between poetry and philosophy. Some other philosophers, however, particularly the Stoics, came to the defence of Homer by proposing the idea of allegory and arguing that the Homeric epics contained a spiritual meaning beyond the literal sense of the text. Similarly, the Song of Songs in the Bible was also questioned by both Jewish rabbis and Christian interpreters because of its sensual language and eroticism. It was again allegorical interpretation that ...


Artificial Intuition In Tech Journalism On Ai: Imagining The Human Subject, Jacob Johanssen, Xin Wang 2021 St. Mary's University

Artificial Intuition In Tech Journalism On Ai: Imagining The Human Subject, Jacob Johanssen, Xin Wang

Human-Machine Communication

Artificial intuition (AI acting intuitively) is one trend in artificial intelligence. This article analyzes how it is discussed by technology journalism on the internet. The journalistic narratives that were analyzed claim that intuition can make AI more efficient, autonomous, and human. Some commentators also write that intuitive AI could execute tasks better than humans themselves ever could (e.g., in digital games); therefore, it could ultimately surpass human intuition. Such views do not pay enough attention to biases as well as transparency and explainability of AI. We contrast the journalistic narratives with philosophical understandings of intuition and a psychoanalytic view ...


Becoming Human? Ableism And Control In Detroit: Become Human And The Implications For Human-Machine Communication, Marco Dehnert, Rebecca B. Leach 2021 Arizona State University

Becoming Human? Ableism And Control In Detroit: Become Human And The Implications For Human-Machine Communication, Marco Dehnert, Rebecca B. Leach

Human-Machine Communication

In human-machine communication (HMC), machines are communicative subjects in the creation of meaning. The Computers are Social Actors and constructivist approaches to HMC postulate that humans communicate with machines as if they were people. From this perspective, communication is understood as heavily scripted where humans mindlessly apply human-to-human scripts in HMC. We argue that a critical approach to communication scripts reveals how humans may rely on ableism as a means of sense-making in their relationships with machines. Using the choose-your-own-adventure game Detroit: Become Human as a case study, we demonstrate (a) how ableist communication scripts render machines as both less-than-human ...


Social Robots As The Bride? Understanding The Construction Of Gender In A Japanese Social Robot Product, Jindong Liu 2021 The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Social Robots As The Bride? Understanding The Construction Of Gender In A Japanese Social Robot Product, Jindong Liu

Human-Machine Communication

This study critically investigates the construction of gender on a Japanese hologram animestyle social robot Azuma Hikari. By applying a mixed method merging the visual semiotic method and heterogeneous engineering approach in software studies, the signs in Azuma Hikari’s anthropomorphized image and the interactivity enabled by the multimedia interface have been analyzed and discussed. The analysis revealed a stereotyped representation of a Japanese “ideal bride” who should be cute, sexy, comforting, good at housework, and subordinated to “Master”-like husband. Moreover, the device interface disciplines users to play the role of “wage earner” in the simulated marriage and reconstructs ...


Nation Brand, National Prestige, And The Social Imaginaries Of The Advanced Nation In South Korea, Jung-Yup Lee 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Nation Brand, National Prestige, And The Social Imaginaries Of The Advanced Nation In South Korea, Jung-Yup Lee

Doctoral Dissertations

The dissertation focused on how the discourses and institutions of nation branding and public diplomacy reshaped the social imaginary of the nation. Following the trajectory of the nation branding discourse in South Korea in the first fifteen years of the 21st century, I examined different moments of the re-imagining of the nation by multiple agents with regard to nation branding and public diplomacy.

Firstly, I examined how the news media played a crucial mediating role in importing and disseminating the globally emerging discourse of nation branding in collaboration with private and public think tanks in the early and mid 2000s ...


The One – Way (Agri)Cultural Mirror: A Case Study Of How Young Agriculturalists Understand And Experience Culture, Janiece M. Pigg 2021 Louisiana State University

The One – Way (Agri)Cultural Mirror: A Case Study Of How Young Agriculturalists Understand And Experience Culture, Janiece M. Pigg

LSU Master's Theses

As the global economy continues to transform how society operates, cultural competence has become a buzzword in education, professional development, research, government, and healthcare (Gay, 1994; Gallus et al., 2014). Cross et al. (1989) developed the most accepted definition of cultural competence: “a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals and enable that system, agency, or those professionals to work effectively in cross-cultural situations” (p. 13).

Despite this, little to no research has been devoted to understanding cultural competence in agriculture. Thus, a need emerged to describe the cultural competence ...


With A Female Vice President In Office, Has Media Gender-Bias Left The Presidential Campaign Trail? The Short Answer Is No, And The Reason Why Is Deep Rooted., Nora Tarte 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

With A Female Vice President In Office, Has Media Gender-Bias Left The Presidential Campaign Trail? The Short Answer Is No, And The Reason Why Is Deep Rooted., Nora Tarte

Professional Projects from the College of Journalism and Mass Communications

An examination of treatment in the media of female vice presidential candidates—Geraldine Ferraro (1984), Sarah Palin (2008) and Kamala Harris (2020)—surfaces a trend of gender bias perpetuated by subtly sexist language in all three campaigns. While society has made strides in equality in the 36 years between campaigns, the media treatment of Vice President Kamala Harris is not that far removed from the treatment of Geraldine Ferraro. The bias exists both overtly and subtly with obvious sexist language and more subtle forms of sexist language in coverage doled out by top media outlets, but subtle sexism is what ...


Ethnography Of Reading Comic Books, Azadeh Najafian 2021 Western Kentucky University

Ethnography Of Reading Comic Books, Azadeh Najafian

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

This thesis explores why adults read comic books. This research used the ethnographic method and interviewing eleven people, four women, seven male, as its primary source. Based on information and common themes gathered from interviews, I built this thesis into one introduction, three body chapters, and a conclusion.

In the first chapter, I argued that comics could function the same as myths and explained this function and related examples under the “mythic effect” name. In the second chapter, I discussed how my informants use reading comics as a means to escape their everyday lives and how sometimes this escapism carries ...


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