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The Relevance Of Shame Across Time And Location, Miranda Vander Berg, Kari Sandouka 2023 Dordt University

The Relevance Of Shame Across Time And Location, Miranda Vander Berg, Kari Sandouka

SDSU Data Science Symposium

Twitter is used among various entities professionals, politicians, and the general public as an online social network. Many tweets are informational, but others are reactive based on judgment that leads to public shaming. In response to the book “The Shame Machine” (by Cathy O’Neil), we look at Tweets to determine a linguistical and content analysis of shame. The research focuses on content analysis to define if a tweet contains language that is deduced as public shaming. Other factors relating to the tweet are the time, date, location of the author, and if it’s the initial post or a response to …


Templated Crisis Communication For People With Disabilities, Access And Functional Needs, Michael Prasad 2023 Barton Dunant, New Jersey

Templated Crisis Communication For People With Disabilities, Access And Functional Needs, Michael Prasad

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Despite the Americans with Disabilities Act being more than 30 years old, many government institutions fail to fully support their constituents, and provide understandable and actionable crisis communications before, during, and after emergencies and disasters. When residents do not effectively receive, understand, and act on crisis communications in a timely manner, life safety issues can occur. People may choose not to evacuate when necessary or lack the information for properly sheltering-in-place. These and other bad decisions can be deadly. Crisis communications, as a subset of risk communications, should be aligned with all the disaster phase cycles—the before, during, and after …


Local Organization Responses To Black Lives Matters Protests: Embracing An “Ethic Of Care” When Engaging Community Crises By Convention Visitors Bureaus, Jeffrey D. Brand 2023 University of Northern Iowa

Local Organization Responses To Black Lives Matters Protests: Embracing An “Ethic Of Care” When Engaging Community Crises By Convention Visitors Bureaus, Jeffrey D. Brand

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Since the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis, at least 140 cities across the United States have experienced protests resulting in vandalism, looting, shootings, and other violence. These protests represent a challenge for community organizations such as convention and visitors bureaus (CVBs), whose responsibility is to promote their local community as a place for tourism, meetings, conferences, and other activities. This study explores the response of Visit Aurora, a Colorado CVB to engage their local protests inspired by the BLM movement, and a local case—the death of Elijah McClain. Within the paper a model for crisis engagement will be discussed, …


Communicating Mental Health Coping Resources Among College Students Of Color: A Resilience Approach To Covid-19 Response, Najma Akhther, Khairul Islam 2023 Wayne State University

Communicating Mental Health Coping Resources Among College Students Of Color: A Resilience Approach To Covid-19 Response, Najma Akhther, Khairul Islam

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

The COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately affected African American college students and put them at high risk of mental health concerns. Guided by the community resilience model, this study examined how Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) communicated mental health resources during the COVID-19 pandemic. An analysis of HBCUs’ website-based communication showed that mental health received minimal importance in response to the ongoing pandemic. Although larger and advanced degree-granting institutions provided a relatively greater amount of mental health resources than smaller institutions, those resources might not be sufficient to buffer against the COVID-19 induced stressors. Providing such inadequate mental resources indicate …


What Motivates Information Seeking And Sharing During A Public Health Crisis? A Combined Perspective From The Uses And Gratifications Theory And The Social- Mediated Crisis Communication Model, Yuan Wang, Junhan Chen 2023 University of Maryland at College Park

What Motivates Information Seeking And Sharing During A Public Health Crisis? A Combined Perspective From The Uses And Gratifications Theory And The Social- Mediated Crisis Communication Model, Yuan Wang, Junhan Chen

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Combining the uses and gratifications theory (U&G) and the social-mediated crisis communication model (SMCC), this study examined why and how Chinese publics sought and shared information during a public health crisis in China—the Quanjian crisis. Through a survey of 309 Chinese adults, we found that Chinese publics sought and shared crisis information to gratify socializing, guidance, medium appeal, mood management, and habitual diversion gratifications. In addition, publics sought medium appeal gratification through information seeking and sought competence and reciprocity gratifications through information sharing. Moreover, the study examined the relationships between gratifications-sought and forms (i.e., traditional media, social media, offline word-of-mouth …


Buffer Or Backfire? Effects Of Corporate Social Responsibility Activities In Organizational Crises, Thomas Koch, Benno Viererbl 2023 Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany

Buffer Or Backfire? Effects Of Corporate Social Responsibility Activities In Organizational Crises, Thomas Koch, Benno Viererbl

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities can help an organization to build a favorable reputation; such activities can thereby serve as a buffer in times of crisis. However, research also suggests that these activities can backfire and reinforce the reputational damage caused by a crisis because they can lead to elevated expectations among the stakeholders. Drawing on prior research on buffering and backfire effects, this study examines the possible moderating effects of crisis type and severity. Two experiments show that CSR activities positively affect the perceptions of a company’s affective image. In times of crisis, this image boost indeed serves as …


Editorial Essay: Innovation In Risk And Crisis Communication: Toward New Topics, Theories, And Methods, Florian Meissner, Audra Diers-Lawson 2023 Macromedia University of Applied Sciences, Cologne

Editorial Essay: Innovation In Risk And Crisis Communication: Toward New Topics, Theories, And Methods, Florian Meissner, Audra Diers-Lawson

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Editorial Essay: Innovation in Risk and Crisis Communication: Toward New Topics, Theories, and Methods


Factors Influencing Public Perception Of Science, Taniya Jayani Koswatta, Gary Wingenbach, Holli R. Leggette 2023 Texas A&M University

Factors Influencing Public Perception Of Science, Taniya Jayani Koswatta, Gary Wingenbach, Holli R. Leggette

Journal of Applied Communications

Our literature review identified factors influencing public perception of science within the context of science communication. We analyzed 40 studies using an integrative literature review method and found that most research about public perception of science was conducted in developed countries’ contexts. We identified five categories of factors that influence public perception: Type of science, audience beliefs, socio-demographics, source of communication, and environment. We observed the type of science is the fundamental factor that determines the influence of other factors. Audience belief factors are the most influential factor theme. We also noticed that factors act as confounding and/or mediating variables …


Podcasts In Production: An Examination Of Current And Best Practices For Agricultural And Natural Resource Podcast Producers, Jacqueline Aenlle, Jamie Loizzo, Lisa K. Lundy, J. C. Bunch, Kevin M. Folta 2023 Kansas State University

Podcasts In Production: An Examination Of Current And Best Practices For Agricultural And Natural Resource Podcast Producers, Jacqueline Aenlle, Jamie Loizzo, Lisa K. Lundy, J. C. Bunch, Kevin M. Folta

Journal of Applied Communications

Little research has been done on the production and use of podcasts in the fields of food, agriculture, natural resource, or human sciences (FANRHS). Currently, there is limited information for best practices on creating an effective FANRHS podcast to reach a target public audience. The purpose of this study was to examine existing practices and experiences of FANRHS podcast producers. The findings of this study will be of interest to organizations, institutions, and individuals who currently produce or are interested in producing an educational or science-based podcast. This study provided foundational information on podcast creation and maintenance. Future research should …


Modernizing High School Agricultural Communications Competencies: A National Delphi Study, Mackenzie Atkins, Kati Lawson, Ricky Telg 2023 University of Florida

Modernizing High School Agricultural Communications Competencies: A National Delphi Study, Mackenzie Atkins, Kati Lawson, Ricky Telg

Journal of Applied Communications

The purpose of this study was to identify current competencies needed for high school students to succeed in their agricultural communication courses. This study also identified an ideal introduction level for each competency and provides up-to-date consensus on the most important agricultural communication competencies for high school students as determined by university faculty. Twenty years have passed since secondary agricultural communication competencies have been evaluated at a national level (Akers, 2000). Since then, industry standards have changed, including the emergence of social media, which is reflected in the results of this study. This study was conducted through a two-round Delphi …


College Of Graduate Programs And Honors Studies Newsletter - January 2023, College of Graduate Programs and Honor Studies, Wright State University 2023 Wright State University

College Of Graduate Programs And Honors Studies Newsletter - January 2023, College Of Graduate Programs And Honor Studies, Wright State University

College of Graduate Programs and Honors Studies Newsletter

A four page newsletter created by the College of Graduate Programs and Honors Studies at Wright State University. This newsletter includes a upcoming events, message from the dean, and more.


Designing A Loving Robot: A Social Construction Analysis Of A Sex Robot Creator’S Vision, Annette Masterson 2022 Temple University

Designing A Loving Robot: A Social Construction Analysis Of A Sex Robot Creator’S Vision, Annette Masterson

Human-Machine Communication

In 2018, one of the world’s first sex robots was released by CEO Matt McMullen and his company, RealDoll. With artificial intelligence capabilities, the Harmony model is meant to support and converse with users. Using a social construction of technology theory lens, this study develops the theory’s fourth level of analysis, emphasizing mass media’s construction abilities. A critical discourse analysis of 38 publicity interviews found a tendency to emphasize the companionship of sex robots while envisioning a future where integration is normalized, and a sentient robot is possible. As the creator, McMullen’s vision could determine the future of robotic design, …


Gender And Human-Machine Communication: Where Are We?, Leopoldina Fortunati, Autumn P. Edwards 2022 University of Udine

Gender And Human-Machine Communication: Where Are We?, Leopoldina Fortunati, Autumn P. Edwards

Human-Machine Communication

In this introduction to the fifth volume of the journal Human-Machine Communication, we present and discuss the five articles focusing on gender and human-machine communication. In this essay, we will analyze the theme of gender, including how this notion has historically and politically been set up, and for what reasons. We will start by considering gender in in-person communication, then we will progress to consider what happens to gender when it is mediated by the most important ICTs that preceded HMC: the telephone, mobile phone, and computer-mediated communication (CMC). We outline the historical framework necessary to analyze the last section …


Book Review: Mind Over Media: Propaganda Education For A Digital Age, Faith Rogow 2022 Insighters Education, USA

Book Review: Mind Over Media: Propaganda Education For A Digital Age, Faith Rogow

Journal of Media Literacy Education

No abstract provided.


Analyzing The Distinction Between Protectionism And Empowerment As Perspectives On Media Literacy Education, W. James Potter 2022 University of California at Santa Barbara, USA

Analyzing The Distinction Between Protectionism And Empowerment As Perspectives On Media Literacy Education, W. James Potter

Journal of Media Literacy Education

It has become a common practice to categorize the different perspectives on media education as following either a protectionist approach or an empowerment approach. However, the way scholars write about these two categories can be confusing and sometimes misleading. A critical analysis is presented where these writings are examined along 10 analytical dimensions that include how authors conceptualize the power differential between the media and audiences, purpose of media education, nature of instruction (scope, stance, extent, and content), role of the instructor, and outcome assessment (type of measures, timing, and indicators of success). The findings from this critical analysis indicate …


Vlog Virtual Tour: A Critical Framing Perspective, Qinghua Chen 2022 Simon Fraser University, Canada

Vlog Virtual Tour: A Critical Framing Perspective, Qinghua Chen

Journal of Media Literacy Education

The Vlogs on YouTube have been excellent sources to satisfy craving for mystical and enigmatic distant land detached of our immediate surroundings. Despite the benefits of free world tours in high definition videos, many of the vloggers' framing of the distant land and culture for the purpose of crafting interesting and attractive travelling stories has, in fact, intensified misconceptions of those cultures and societies. Using frame analysis and four resources model, this study examines two examples of such vlog productions. This study also suggests critical principles towards vlogging and presenting a lesson sample for raising such criticality in schools.


Making In Media Education: An Activity-Oriented Approach To Digital Literacy, Thomas Knaus 2022 Ludwigsburg University of Education & Centre for Educational Technology (FTzM), Frankfurt/Main, Germany

Making In Media Education: An Activity-Oriented Approach To Digital Literacy, Thomas Knaus

Journal of Media Literacy Education

Why is maker education a suitable approach for giving learners the 21st century skills they need to cope with the digital transformation? This article provides an answer and represents a defense of maker education in the field of educational science. Taking a human-media-machine interaction model as the basis for discussion, this article highlights the growing importance of digital technology as well as technological principles for human communication and interaction. Communication technology and the influence of technology on culture and society require a broad understanding of media literacy in the sense of digital literacy. By broadening the theoretical basis of media …


Popular Music Media Literacy: A Pilot Study, Chrysalis L. Wright, Reilly Branch, Lesley-anne Ey, K. Megan Hopper, Wayne Warburton 2022 University of Central Florida

Popular Music Media Literacy: A Pilot Study, Chrysalis L. Wright, Reilly Branch, Lesley-Anne Ey, K. Megan Hopper, Wayne Warburton

Journal of Media Literacy Education

The current study pilot tested a popular music media literacy website that was developed based on the final report of the APA Division 46 Task Force on the Sexualization of Popular Music (2018). The study hypothesized that popular music media literacy education would produce significant differences between the baseline assessment and post-literacy assessment for outcomes related to music reflecting real life, viewing the self as similar to music portrayals, music skepticism, level of engagement with music, and self-reported self-esteem. It was also hypothesized that participants would report favorable attitudes regarding the popular music media literacy website being tested. Participants included …


Differentiating Between Irony And Sarcasm: An Illustration Of Sarcasm’S Negative Impact On Audiences, Brent Kice 2022 University of Houston-Clear Lake

Differentiating Between Irony And Sarcasm: An Illustration Of Sarcasm’S Negative Impact On Audiences, Brent Kice

Discourse: The Journal of the SCASD

The following in-class activity helps students differentiate between ironic and sarcastic messages. In turn, students will recognize the negative impact of sarcastic messaging identified by Dynel (2013) and Averbeck (2013) in an effort for students to improve their own messages when attempting to persuade audiences.


“People Don’T Always Show Up The Way You Want Them To”: Utilizing The Hunger Games To Differentiate Between Persuasion, Coercion, Propaganda, And Manipulation, Nancy Bressler 2022 West Virginia Wesleyan College

“People Don’T Always Show Up The Way You Want Them To”: Utilizing The Hunger Games To Differentiate Between Persuasion, Coercion, Propaganda, And Manipulation, Nancy Bressler

Discourse: The Journal of the SCASD

The ability to define and conceptualize persuasion and its nuances without engaging in coercion, propaganda, and/or manipulation can be difficult for students at first. This activity centralizes the fine points among these persuasive concepts. Students also recognize the role of their audience in the persuasive messages that they create. Rather than only having a conversation about the common characteristics of these terms and how they differ, students can observe them within the fictional movie The Hunger Games: Mockingjay Part 1 (Lawrence, 2014). After discussing these ideas with their classmates, students then apply what they have learned by creating persuasive messages …


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