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1,537 full-text articles. Page 60 of 61.

Structural, Magnetic, And Defect Properties Of Co-Pt-Type Magnetic-Storage Alloys: Density-Functional Theory Study Of Thermal Processing Effects, Aftab Alam, Brent Kraczek, Duane D. Johnson 2010 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Structural, Magnetic, And Defect Properties Of Co-Pt-Type Magnetic-Storage Alloys: Density-Functional Theory Study Of Thermal Processing Effects, Aftab Alam, Brent Kraczek, Duane D. Johnson

Duane D. Johnson

Using an optimized-basis Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker-coherent-potential approximation method, we calculate formation enthalpies ΔEf, structural, and magnetic properties of paramagnetic (PM) and ferromagnetic, disordered A1 and ordered L10 CoPt, FePd, and FePt systems that are of interest for high-density magnetic-recording media. To address processing effects, we focus on the point defects that dictate thermal properties and planar defects (e.g., c domain and antiphase boundaries) which can serve as pinning centers for magnetic domains and affect storage properties. We determine bulk Curie (Tc) and order-disorder (To-d) transition temperatures within 4% of observed values, and estimates for nanoparticles. Planar-defect energies γhklx show that the ...


Nonlinear Observers For Human-In-The-Loop Control Systems, Samuel Kitchen McKinley 2010 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Nonlinear Observers For Human-In-The-Loop Control Systems, Samuel Kitchen Mckinley

Master's Theses - Daytona Beach

The development of models for a human-in-the-loop with hardware is an area of ongoing research. The ability to simulate a human-in-the-loop with hardware provides a platform for better understanding the dynamics of human and machine cognition. A human-in-the-loop model provides information that can be used to design more efficient human interfaces and smarter autonomous assistant controllers. This can make a complex task such as flying an aircraft safer and more accessible. This thesis explores different possibilities for human operator models to be modeled in the loop with a vehicle. A human is modeled as a linear state feedback controller in ...


Thermodynamic Limits Of Crystallization And The Prediction Of Glass Formation Tendency, Yongxin Yao, Ralph E. Napolitano, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho 2010 Iowa State University

Thermodynamic Limits Of Crystallization And The Prediction Of Glass Formation Tendency, Yongxin Yao, Ralph E. Napolitano, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

We have calculated the T0 curves for several Al-rare-earth binary alloys to assess the importance of the transport-based resistance to crystallization in the overall glass formation process and the general effectiveness of thermodynamic prediction of glass-forming ability. Our results show that the experimentally observed glass-forming compositions for Al-(Ce, Gd, Ho, Nd, Y, Dy) alloys strongly correlate with the composition range bounded by the T0curves associated with the relevant crystalline phases. This indicates that sluggish material transport, together with the tendency for clustering and other types of ordering at medium-range scale, is a key factor governing glass formation in these ...


Boron Carbide Based Solid State Neutron Detectors: The Effects Of Bias And Time Constant On Detection Efficiency, Nina Hong, John Mullins, Keith Foreman, Shireen Adenwalla 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Boron Carbide Based Solid State Neutron Detectors: The Effects Of Bias And Time Constant On Detection Efficiency, Nina Hong, John Mullins, Keith Foreman, Shireen Adenwalla

Shireen Adenwalla Papers

Neutron detection in thick boron carbide(BC)/n-type Si heterojunction diodes shows a threefold increase in efficiency with applied bias and longer time constants. The improved efficiencies resulting from long time constants have been conclusively linked to the much longer charge collection times in the BC layer. Neutron detection signals from both the p-type BC layer and the n-type Si side of the heterojunction diode are observed, with comparable efficiencies. Collectively, these provide strong evidence that the semiconducting BC layer plays an active role in neutron detection, both in neutron capture and in charge generation and collection.


Construction And Enhancement Of Stereo Vacuum Tube Amplifier With Precision Machined Enclosure, Nikolaus (Nik) Glazar 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Construction And Enhancement Of Stereo Vacuum Tube Amplifier With Precision Machined Enclosure, Nikolaus (Nik) Glazar

Physics

The purpose of this project was to build a high fidelity tube amplifier from a kit, and machine a beautiful enclosure to house the electronics. Improvements were made to the circuit, and the amplifier was then tested for audio performance.


An Investigation Of Gas Bubble Generation And Measurement In Water And Mercury, Stuart A Walker 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

An Investigation Of Gas Bubble Generation And Measurement In Water And Mercury, Stuart A Walker

Masters Theses

The pressure increase attributed to the energy deposition in the liquid metal target of the Spallation Neutron Source results in cavitation and pitting erosion of the target pressure boundary. Introducing compressibility in the form of small gas bubbles will extend the lifetime of the target vessel. The pressure rise caused by the beam energy deposition occurs in one microsecond, which encourages use of bubbles of radius less than 20 microns, such that the bubble response to pressure change is adequately fast. Gas volume fraction near 0.5% is sufficient to accommodate the mercury volumetric expansion and reduce the pressure rise ...


Rubidium Recycling In A High Intensity Short Duration Pulsed Alkali Laser, Wooddy S. Miller 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Rubidium Recycling In A High Intensity Short Duration Pulsed Alkali Laser, Wooddy S. Miller

Theses and Dissertations

Laser induced fluorescence was used to study how pump pulse duration and alkali recycle time effects maximum power output in a Diode Pumped Alkali Laser (DPAL) system. A high intensity short pulsed pump source was used to excited rubidium atoms inside a DPAL-type laser. The maximum output power of the laser showed a strong dependence upon the temporal width of the pump pulse in addition to the input pump intensity. A linear relationship was observed between the maximum output power and the pulse width due to the effective lifetime of the excited state, defined as the time it takes for ...


Improving Low Order, Linear, Positive Spatial Quadratures For The Partial Current Neutron Transport Method, John M. Snyder 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Improving Low Order, Linear, Positive Spatial Quadratures For The Partial Current Neutron Transport Method, John M. Snyder

Theses and Dissertations

AFIT researchers have developed a new approach to solving Discrete Ordinates equations, which approximate the linear Boltzmann Transport Equation (BTE). The usual approach is von Neumann iteration on the scattering source, which requires repeated sweeps through the spatial-angular grid. Acceptable convergence requires complicated and expensive acceleration schemes. The new approach, Partial-Current Transport (PCT) with Adaptive Distribution Iteration, eliminates scattering source iteration through matrix inversions and a reduced-size global linear algebra problem. It creates the needed matrices directly from the standard spatial quadratures used in the sweeping. Positivity, linearity, and (higher-than-first-order) accuracy are the key desirable qualities with all Discrete Ordinates ...


Local Fractional Fourier’S Transform Based On The Local Fractional Calculus, Yang Xiao-Jun 2010 Zongxin Kang, Changhe Liu

Local Fractional Fourier’S Transform Based On The Local Fractional Calculus, Yang Xiao-Jun

Xiao-Jun Yang

A new modeling for the local fractional Fourier’s transform containing the local fractional calculus is investigated in fractional space. The properties of the local fractional Fourier’s transform are obtained and two examples for the local fractional systems are investigated in detail.


Grafika Inżynierska Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Grafika Inżynierska Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Projektowanie Procesów Biotechnologicznych Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Projektowanie Procesów Biotechnologicznych Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Projektowanie I Optymalizacja Procesów Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Projektowanie I Optymalizacja Procesów Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Metody Numeryczne Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Consulting Services

Metody Numeryczne Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Odnawialne Źródła Energii W., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Odnawialne Źródła Energii W., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Optical Properties Of Quasi-Tetragonal Bifeo3 Thin Films, P. Chen, N. J. Podraza, X. S. Xu, A. Melville, E. Vlahos, V. Gopalan, R. Ramesh, D. G. Schlom, J. L. Musfeldt 2010 University of Tennessee

Optical Properties Of Quasi-Tetragonal Bifeo3 Thin Films, P. Chen, N. J. Podraza, X. S. Xu, A. Melville, E. Vlahos, V. Gopalan, R. Ramesh, D. G. Schlom, J. L. Musfeldt

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

Optical transmission spectroscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry were used to extract the optical properties of an epitaxially grown quasi-tetragonal BiFeO3 thin film in the near infrared to near ultraviolet range. The absorption spectrum is overall blue shifted compared with that of rhombohedral BiFeO3, with an absorption onset near 2.25 eV, a direct 3.1 eV band gap, and charge transfer excitations that are ~0.4 eV higher than those of the rhombohedral counterpart. We interpret these results in terms of structural strain and local symmetry breaking.


Deposition Of High-Quality Hfo2 On Graphene And The Effect Of Remote Oxide Phonon Scattering, K. Zou, X. Hong, D. Keefer, J. Zhu 2010 The Pennsylvania State University

Deposition Of High-Quality Hfo2 On Graphene And The Effect Of Remote Oxide Phonon Scattering, K. Zou, X. Hong, D. Keefer, J. Zhu

Xia Hong Publications

We demonstrate atomic layer deposition of high-quality dielectric HfO2 films on graphene and determine the magnitude of remote oxide surface phonon scattering in dual-oxide structures. The carrier mobility in these HfO2-covered graphene samples reaches 20 000 cm2/Vs at low temperature. Distinct contributions to the resistivity from surface optical phonons in the SiO2 substrate and the HfO2 overlayer are isolated. At 300 K, surface phonon modes of the HfO2 film centered at 54 meV limit the mobility to approximately 20 000 cm2/Vs.


Unusual Resistance Hysteresis In N-Layer Graphene Field Effect Transistors Fabricated On Ferroelectric Pb(Zr0.2ti0.8)O3, X. Hong, J. Hoffman, A. Posadas, K. Zou, C. H. Ahn, J. Zhu 2010 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Unusual Resistance Hysteresis In N-Layer Graphene Field Effect Transistors Fabricated On Ferroelectric Pb(Zr0.2ti0.8)O3, X. Hong, J. Hoffman, A. Posadas, K. Zou, C. H. Ahn, J. Zhu

Xia Hong Publications

We have fabricated n-layer graphene field effect transistors on epitaxial ferroelectric Pb(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3 (PZT) thin films. At low gate voltages, PZT behaves as a high-k dielectric with k up to 100. An unusual resistance hysteresis occurs in gate sweeps at high voltages, with its direction opposite to that expected from the polarization switching of PZT. The relaxation of the metastable state is thermally activated, with an activation barrier of 50–110 meV and a time constant of 6 h at 300 K. We attribute its origin to the slow dissociation/recombination dynamics ...


Interphase Energies Of Hcp Precipitates In Fcc Metals: A Density-Functional Theory Study In Al-Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane D. Johnson 2010 United States Naval Academy

Interphase Energies Of Hcp Precipitates In Fcc Metals: A Density-Functional Theory Study In Al-Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane D. Johnson

Duane D. Johnson

Density-functional theory (DFT) calculations of interphase boundary energies relevant to hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) γ-precipitate formation were performed within approximate unit cells that mirror the experimental conditions in face-centered-cubic (fcc) Al-Ag solid solutions. In Al-rich, fcc Al-Ag, γ precipitates are observed to form rapidly with large (300+) aspect ratios even though the Al stacking-fault energy is high (approximately 130 mJ/m2), which should suppress hcp ribbon formation according to standard arguments. Our DFT results show why high-aspect ratio plates occur and why previous estimates based on Wulff construction were orders of magnitude less than observed values. Using DFT, we obtain a Gibbs ...


Dynamical Theory Calculations Of Spin-Echo Resolved Grazing-Incidence Scattering From A Diffraction Grating, Rana Ashkar, P. Stonaha, A. L. Washington, V. R. Shah, M. R. Fitzsimmons, B. Maranville, C. F. Majkrzak, W. T. Lee, W. L. Schaich, Roger Pynn 2010 Indiana University - Bloomington

Dynamical Theory Calculations Of Spin-Echo Resolved Grazing-Incidence Scattering From A Diffraction Grating, Rana Ashkar, P. Stonaha, A. L. Washington, V. R. Shah, M. R. Fitzsimmons, B. Maranville, C. F. Majkrzak, W. T. Lee, W. L. Schaich, Roger Pynn

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Neutrons scattered or reflected from a diffraction grating are subject to a periodic potential analogous to the potential experienced by electrons within a crystal. Hence, the wavefunction of the neutrons can be expanded in terms of Bloch waves and a dynamical theory can be applied to interpret the scattering phenomenon. In this paper, a dynamical theory is used to calculate the results of neutron spin-echo resolved grazing-incidence scattering (SERGIS) from a silicon diffraction grating with a rectangular profile. The calculations are compared with SERGIS measurements made on the same grating at two neutron sources: a pulsed source and a continuous ...


Theoretical Proposal For A Biosensing Approach Based On A Linear Array Of Immobilized Gold Nanoparticles, S.M.H. Rafsanjani, T. Cheng, S. Mittler, Chitra Rangan 2010 University of Windsor

Theoretical Proposal For A Biosensing Approach Based On A Linear Array Of Immobilized Gold Nanoparticles, S.M.H. Rafsanjani, T. Cheng, S. Mittler, Chitra Rangan

Physics Publications

We propose a sensing mechanism for detection of analytes that can specifically recognized. The sensor is based on closely-spaced chains of functionalized gold nanoparticles (NPs) immobilized on a waveguide surface, with the signal detected by evanescent waveguide absorption spectroscopy. The localized surface plasmon spectrum of a linear array of closely-spaced, hemispherical gold NPs is calculated using the discrete dipole approximation. The plasmon band is found to broaden to a nanowirelike spectrum when a dielectric coating is put on the particles, and the light polarization is along the NP chain. The origin of this broadening is shown to be the polarization-dependent ...


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