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1,502 full-text articles. Page 59 of 59.

Grafika Inżynierska Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Grafika Inżynierska Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Projektowanie Procesów Biotechnologicznych Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Projektowanie Procesów Biotechnologicznych Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Projektowanie I Optymalizacja Procesów Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Projektowanie I Optymalizacja Procesów Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Metody Numeryczne Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Consulting Services

Metody Numeryczne Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Odnawialne Źródła Energii W., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Odnawialne Źródła Energii W., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Optical Properties Of Quasi-Tetragonal Bifeo3 Thin Films, P. Chen, N. J. Podraza, X. S. Xu, A. Melville, E. Vlahos, V. Gopalan, R. Ramesh, D. G. Schlom, J. L. Musfeldt 2010 University of Tennessee

Optical Properties Of Quasi-Tetragonal Bifeo3 Thin Films, P. Chen, N. J. Podraza, X. S. Xu, A. Melville, E. Vlahos, V. Gopalan, R. Ramesh, D. G. Schlom, J. L. Musfeldt

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

Optical transmission spectroscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry were used to extract the optical properties of an epitaxially grown quasi-tetragonal BiFeO3 thin film in the near infrared to near ultraviolet range. The absorption spectrum is overall blue shifted compared with that of rhombohedral BiFeO3, with an absorption onset near 2.25 eV, a direct 3.1 eV band gap, and charge transfer excitations that are ~0.4 eV higher than those of the rhombohedral counterpart. We interpret these results in terms of structural strain and local symmetry breaking.


Deposition Of High-Quality Hfo2 On Graphene And The Effect Of Remote Oxide Phonon Scattering, K. Zou, X. Hong, D. Keefer, J. Zhu 2010 The Pennsylvania State University

Deposition Of High-Quality Hfo2 On Graphene And The Effect Of Remote Oxide Phonon Scattering, K. Zou, X. Hong, D. Keefer, J. Zhu

Xia Hong Publications

We demonstrate atomic layer deposition of high-quality dielectric HfO2 films on graphene and determine the magnitude of remote oxide surface phonon scattering in dual-oxide structures. The carrier mobility in these HfO2-covered graphene samples reaches 20 000 cm2/Vs at low temperature. Distinct contributions to the resistivity from surface optical phonons in the SiO2 substrate and the HfO2 overlayer are isolated. At 300 K, surface phonon modes of the HfO2 film centered at 54 meV limit the mobility to approximately 20 000 cm2/Vs.


Unusual Resistance Hysteresis In N-Layer Graphene Field Effect Transistors Fabricated On Ferroelectric Pb(Zr0.2ti0.8)O3, X. Hong, J. Hoffman, A. Posadas, K. Zou, C. H. Ahn, J. Zhu 2010 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Unusual Resistance Hysteresis In N-Layer Graphene Field Effect Transistors Fabricated On Ferroelectric Pb(Zr0.2ti0.8)O3, X. Hong, J. Hoffman, A. Posadas, K. Zou, C. H. Ahn, J. Zhu

Xia Hong Publications

We have fabricated n-layer graphene field effect transistors on epitaxial ferroelectric Pb(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3 (PZT) thin films. At low gate voltages, PZT behaves as a high-k dielectric with k up to 100. An unusual resistance hysteresis occurs in gate sweeps at high voltages, with its direction opposite to that expected from the polarization switching of PZT. The relaxation of the metastable state is thermally activated, with an activation barrier of 50–110 meV and a time constant of 6 h at 300 K. We attribute its origin to the slow dissociation/recombination dynamics ...


Interphase Energies Of Hcp Precipitates In Fcc Metals: A Density-Functional Theory Study In Al-Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane D. Johnson 2010 United States Naval Academy

Interphase Energies Of Hcp Precipitates In Fcc Metals: A Density-Functional Theory Study In Al-Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane D. Johnson

Duane D. Johnson

Density-functional theory (DFT) calculations of interphase boundary energies relevant to hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) γ-precipitate formation were performed within approximate unit cells that mirror the experimental conditions in face-centered-cubic (fcc) Al-Ag solid solutions. In Al-rich, fcc Al-Ag, γ precipitates are observed to form rapidly with large (300+) aspect ratios even though the Al stacking-fault energy is high (approximately 130 mJ/m2), which should suppress hcp ribbon formation according to standard arguments. Our DFT results show why high-aspect ratio plates occur and why previous estimates based on Wulff construction were orders of magnitude less than observed values. Using DFT, we obtain a Gibbs ...


Dynamical Theory Calculations Of Spin-Echo Resolved Grazing-Incidence Scattering From A Diffraction Grating, Rana Ashkar, P. Stonaha, A. L. Washington, V. R. Shah, M. R. Fitzsimmons, B. Maranville, C. F. Majkrzak, W. T. Lee, W. L. Schaich, Roger Pynn 2010 Indiana University - Bloomington

Dynamical Theory Calculations Of Spin-Echo Resolved Grazing-Incidence Scattering From A Diffraction Grating, Rana Ashkar, P. Stonaha, A. L. Washington, V. R. Shah, M. R. Fitzsimmons, B. Maranville, C. F. Majkrzak, W. T. Lee, W. L. Schaich, Roger Pynn

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Neutrons scattered or reflected from a diffraction grating are subject to a periodic potential analogous to the potential experienced by electrons within a crystal. Hence, the wavefunction of the neutrons can be expanded in terms of Bloch waves and a dynamical theory can be applied to interpret the scattering phenomenon. In this paper, a dynamical theory is used to calculate the results of neutron spin-echo resolved grazing-incidence scattering (SERGIS) from a silicon diffraction grating with a rectangular profile. The calculations are compared with SERGIS measurements made on the same grating at two neutron sources: a pulsed source and a continuous ...


Theoretical Proposal For A Biosensing Approach Based On A Linear Array Of Immobilized Gold Nanoparticles, S.M.H. Rafsanjani, T. Cheng, S. Mittler, Chitra Rangan 2010 University of Windsor

Theoretical Proposal For A Biosensing Approach Based On A Linear Array Of Immobilized Gold Nanoparticles, S.M.H. Rafsanjani, T. Cheng, S. Mittler, Chitra Rangan

Physics Publications

We propose a sensing mechanism for detection of analytes that can specifically recognized. The sensor is based on closely-spaced chains of functionalized gold nanoparticles (NPs) immobilized on a waveguide surface, with the signal detected by evanescent waveguide absorption spectroscopy. The localized surface plasmon spectrum of a linear array of closely-spaced, hemispherical gold NPs is calculated using the discrete dipole approximation. The plasmon band is found to broaden to a nanowirelike spectrum when a dielectric coating is put on the particles, and the light polarization is along the NP chain. The origin of this broadening is shown to be the polarization-dependent ...


Far-Field Optical Nanoscopy Based On Continuous Wave Laser Stimulated Emission Depletion, C. Kuang, Wei Zhao, Guiren Wang 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Far-Field Optical Nanoscopy Based On Continuous Wave Laser Stimulated Emission Depletion, C. Kuang, Wei Zhao, Guiren Wang

Faculty Publications

Stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy is one of the breakthrough technologies that belong to far-field optical microscopy and can achieve nanoscale spatial resolution. We demonstrate a far-field optical nanoscopy based on continuous wave lasers with different wavelengths, i.e., violet and green lasers for excitation and STED, respectively. Fluorescent dyes Coumarin 102 and Atto 390 are used for validating the depletion efficiency. Fluorescent nanoparticles are selected for characterizing the spatial resolution of the STED system. Linear scanning of the laser beams of the STED system along one line of a microscope slide, which is coated with the nanoparticles, indicates that ...


Finite Element Analysis Of Ring-Shaped Emission Profile In Plasma Bullet, Yukinori Sakiyama, David B. Graves, Julien Jarrige, Mounir Laroussi 2010 Old Dominion University

Finite Element Analysis Of Ring-Shaped Emission Profile In Plasma Bullet, Yukinori Sakiyama, David B. Graves, Julien Jarrige, Mounir Laroussi

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Using a one-way coupled model of neutral gas flow and plasma dynamics we report a mechanism to explain the ring-shaped emission pattern that has been observed experimentally in plasma bullets at atmospheric pressure. We solve a fluid model with the local field approximation in one-dimensional cylindrical coordinates, corresponding to a cross-section of a plasma bullet. Pulselike uniform electric field is assumed to be applied perpendicular to the simulation domain. Time and spatially resolved spectroscopic measurements support the simulation results.


Comment On "Superfluid Turbulence From Quantum Kelvin Wave To Classical Kolmogorov Cascades", Jeffrey Yepez, George Vahala, Linda L. Vahala, Min Soe 2010 Old Dominion University

Comment On "Superfluid Turbulence From Quantum Kelvin Wave To Classical Kolmogorov Cascades", Jeffrey Yepez, George Vahala, Linda L. Vahala, Min Soe

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Lattice Dynamical Probe Of Charge Order And Antipolar Bilayer Stacking In Lufe2o4, X. S. Xu, J. de Groot, Q.-C. Sun, B. C. Sales, D. Mandrus, M. Angst, A. P. Litvinchuk, J. L. Musfeldt 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Lattice Dynamical Probe Of Charge Order And Antipolar Bilayer Stacking In Lufe2o4, X. S. Xu, J. De Groot, Q.-C. Sun, B. C. Sales, D. Mandrus, M. Angst, A. P. Litvinchuk, J. L. Musfeldt

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

We investigated the infrared response of LuFe2O4 through the series of charge, magnetic, and structural transitions. All vibrational modes couple strongly to the charge order, whereas the LuO zone-folding modes are also sensitive to magnetic order and structural distortion. The dramatic splitting of the LuO2 layer mode is attributed to charge-rich/poor proximity effects and its temperature dependence reveals the antipolar nature of the W layer pattern.


Tunable Band Gap In Bi(Fe1−Xmnx)O3 Films, X. S. Xu, J. F. Ihlefeld, J. H. Lee, O. K. Ezekoye, E. Vlahos, R. Ramesh, V. Gopalan, X. Q. Pan, D. G. Schlom, J. L. Musfeldt 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Tunable Band Gap In Bi(Fe1−Xmnx)O3 Films, X. S. Xu, J. F. Ihlefeld, J. H. Lee, O. K. Ezekoye, E. Vlahos, R. Ramesh, V. Gopalan, X. Q. Pan, D. G. Schlom, J. L. Musfeldt

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

In order to investigate band gap tunability in polar oxides, we measured the optical properties of a series of Bi(Fe1−xMnx)O3 thin films. The absorption response of the mixed metal solid solutions is approximately a linear combination of the characteristics of the two end members, a result that demonstrates straightforward band gap tunability in this system.


Magnetodielectric Coupling Of Infrared Phonons In Single-Crystal Cu2oseo3, K. H. Miller, X. S. Xu, H. Berger, E. S. Knowles, D. J. Arenas, M. W. Meisel, D. B. Tanner 2010 University of Florida

Magnetodielectric Coupling Of Infrared Phonons In Single-Crystal Cu2oseo3, K. H. Miller, X. S. Xu, H. Berger, E. S. Knowles, D. J. Arenas, M. W. Meisel, D. B. Tanner

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

Reflection and transmission as a function of temperature (5–300 K) have been measured on a single crystal of the magnetoelectric ferrimagnetic compound Cu2OSeO3 utilizing light spanning the far infrared to the visible portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. The complex dielectric function and optical properties were obtained via Kramers-Kronig analysis and by fits to a Drude-Lortentz model. The fits of the infrared phonons show a magnetodielectric effect near the transition temperature (Tc~60 K). Assignments to strong far-infrared phonon modes have been made, especially those exhibiting anomalous behavior around the transition temperature.


Adsorption-Controlled Growth Of Bimno3 Films By Molecular-Beam Epitaxy, J. H. Lee, X. Ke, R. Misra, J. F. Ihlefeld, X. S. Xu, Z. G. Mei, T. Heeg, M. Roeckerath, J. Schubert, Z. K. Liu, J. L. Musfeldt, P. Schiffer, D. G. Schlom 2010 Cornell University

Adsorption-Controlled Growth Of Bimno3 Films By Molecular-Beam Epitaxy, J. H. Lee, X. Ke, R. Misra, J. F. Ihlefeld, X. S. Xu, Z. G. Mei, T. Heeg, M. Roeckerath, J. Schubert, Z. K. Liu, J. L. Musfeldt, P. Schiffer, D. G. Schlom

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

We have developed the means to grow BiMnO3 thin films with unparalleled structural perfection by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy and determined its band gap. Film growth occurs in an adsorption-controlled growth regime. Within this growth window bounded by oxygen pressure and substrate temperature at a fixed bismuth overpressure, single-phase films of the metastable perovskite BiMnO3 may be grown by epitaxial stabilization. X-ray diffraction reveals phase-pure and epitaxial films with w rocking curve full width at half maximum values as narrow as 11 arc sec (0.003°). Optical absorption measurements reveal that BiMnO3 has a direct band gap of ...


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