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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Developing Of Germyldesulonylation And Thiodesulfonylation Reactions For The Synthesis Of Novel Nucleoside Analogues. Efficient Synthesis Of Novel (Α-Fluoro)Vinyl Sulfides, Pablo R. Sacasa Jr 2010 Florida International University

Developing Of Germyldesulonylation And Thiodesulfonylation Reactions For The Synthesis Of Novel Nucleoside Analogues. Efficient Synthesis Of Novel (Α-Fluoro)Vinyl Sulfides, Pablo R. Sacasa Jr

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine (AdoHcy) hydrolase effects hydrolytic cleavage of AdoHcy to produce both adenosine and L-homocysteine and is a feedback inhibitor of S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM). Nucleoside analogues bearing an alkenyl or fluoroalkenyl chain between sulfur and C5′ utilizing Negishi coupling reactions were synthesized. Palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling between the 5′-deoxy-5′-(iodomethylene) nucleosides and alkylzinc bromides gives analogues with the alkenyl unit. Palladium-catalyzed selective monoalkylation of 5′-(bromofluoromethylene)-5′-deoxy-adenosine with alkylzinc bromide afford adenosylhomocysteine analogues with a 6′-(fluoro)vinyl motif. The vinylic adenine nucleosides produced time-dependent inactivation of the S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolases. Stannydesulfonylation reaction is a critical step in the synthesis of E-fluorovinyl cytidine ...


Research In Natural Product Chemistry, Nathan Krause 2010 Olivet Nazarene University

Research In Natural Product Chemistry, Nathan Krause

Student Scholarship – Chemistry

Natural product chemistry is a branch of chemistry that deals with the isolation, identification, and study of the chemical characteristics of chemical substances produced by living organisms. The southwestern United States has a variety of indigenous plants many of which have not been investigated for their chemical compounds but have Native American herbal uses. The aim of this summer internship was to do extractions on plants and test them for medical potential.


Developing A Biosensor For The Detection Of Bacteria: A Comparison Of Methods For Isolating Bacteria-Specific Antibodies, Scott Allen Walper 2010 University of Southern Mississippi

Developing A Biosensor For The Detection Of Bacteria: A Comparison Of Methods For Isolating Bacteria-Specific Antibodies, Scott Allen Walper

Dissertations

The antigen-antibody interaction is known to be a high affinity and highly specific interaction that can readily be used for the detection and identification of biological and chemical agents. These studies were conducted to develop an efficient and cost-effective method of obtaining bacteria-specific antibody molecules for integration into a fielddeployable biosensor. Antigen-binding molecules were obtained both as full-length IgG molecules from a hybridoma cell line and as recombinant single-chain Fv (scFv) antibodies isolated from naïve and immunize libraries. Monoclonal and recombinant antibody systems were compared on the effectiveness of producing new, target-specific molecules; the efficiency of production and purification of ...


Antimicrobial Activity Of D-Lenolate®, Andy Phui 2010 University of Nevada Las Vegas

Antimicrobial Activity Of D-Lenolate®, Andy Phui

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Olive trees are one of the most important fruit trees in the Mediterranean. Although not validated by research, olive leaves are traditionally believed to fight off fever and infections. It has been shown that olive leaf extracts possess antimicrobial activity. Olive leaf extracts contain polyphenols. One of the major phenolic compounds is oleuropein. Oleuropein and other polyphenols have been shown to exhibit antimicrobial activity. East Park Research (EPR) developed an extraction process that they claim does not alter the chemical composition of the olive leaves. The extract is known by the commercial name d-lenolate®. Studies have provided evidence that d-lenolate ...


Development Of A Scanning Angle Total Internal Reflection Raman Spectrometer, Kristopher J. McKee, Emily A. Smith 2010 Iowa State University

Development Of A Scanning Angle Total Internal Reflection Raman Spectrometer, Kristopher J. Mckee, Emily A. Smith

Chemistry Publications

A scanning angle total internal reflection (SATIR) Raman spectrometer has been developed for measuring interfacial phenomena with chemical specificity and high axial resolution perpendicular to the interface. The instrument platform is an inverted optical microscope with added automated variable angle optics to control the angle of an incident laser on a prism/sample interface. These optics include two motorized translation stages, the first containing a focusing lens and the second a variable angle galvanometer mirror. The movement of all instrument components is coordinated to ensure that the same sample location and area are probed at each angle. At angles greater ...


The Reaction Of A Water Soluble Platinum Compound With Methionine And Derivatives, Yueh Ying Liao 2010 Western Kentucky University

The Reaction Of A Water Soluble Platinum Compound With Methionine And Derivatives, Yueh Ying Liao

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Water soluble platinum complexes are a recent area of emphasis of cisplatin chemistry. The water soluble complexes could have a reduced toxicity compared with cisplatin. Oxaliplatin, which has an oxalate leaving group, has previously been shown to have less nephro-toxicity and higher water solubility than cisplatin. [Pt(en)(oxalate)] (en = ethylenediamine) has been prepared from Pt(en)Cl2 and silver oxalate. This complex has been reacted with methionine and N-acetylmethionine at different molar ratios. At high Pt: methionine ratios, chelates with the sulfur and nitrogen atoms of the methionine are dominant; at lower Pt: methionine ratios, a bis-methionine product is ...


Structure Of The Amantadine Binding Site Of Influenza M2 Proton Channels In Lipid Bilayers, Sarah D. Cady, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr, Jun Wang, Cinque S. Soto, William F. DeGrado, Mei Hong 2010 Iowa State University

Structure Of The Amantadine Binding Site Of Influenza M2 Proton Channels In Lipid Bilayers, Sarah D. Cady, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr, Jun Wang, Cinque S. Soto, William F. Degrado, Mei Hong

Chemistry Publications

The M2 protein of influenza A virus is a membrane-spanning tetrameric proton channel targeted by the antiviral drugs amantadine and rimantadine1. Resistance to these drugs has compromised their effectiveness against many influenza strains, including pandemic H1N1. A recent crystal structure of M2(22–46) showed electron densities attributed to a single amantadine in the amino-terminal half of the pore2, indicating a physical occlusion mechanism for inhibition. However, a solution NMR structure of M2(18–60) showed four rimantadines bound to the carboxy-terminal lipid-facing surface of the helices3, suggesting an allosteric mechanism. Here we show by solid-state NMR ...


Improved Arene Fluorination Methodology For I(Iii) Salts, Bijia Wang, Linlin Qin, Kiel D. Neumann, ShriHarsha Uppaluri, Ronald Cerny, Stephen G. DiMagno 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Improved Arene Fluorination Methodology For I(Iii) Salts, Bijia Wang, Linlin Qin, Kiel D. Neumann, Shriharsha Uppaluri, Ronald Cerny, Stephen G. Dimagno

Ronald Cerny Publications

The use of low polarity aromatic solvents (benzene or toluene) and/or the removal of inorganic salts results in dramatically improved yields of fluorinated arenes from diaryliodonium salts. This methodology is shown to “scale down” to the conditions used typically for radiotracer synthesis.


Targeting Base Excision Repair Suggests A New Therapeutic Strategy Of Fludarabine For The Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, A. D. Bulgar, M. Snell, J. R. Donze, E. B. Kirkland, Lan Li, Shuming Yang, Yan Xu, S. L. Gerson, Lili Liu 2010 Cleveland State University

Targeting Base Excision Repair Suggests A New Therapeutic Strategy Of Fludarabine For The Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, A. D. Bulgar, M. Snell, J. R. Donze, E. B. Kirkland, Lan Li, Shuming Yang, Yan Xu, S. L. Gerson, Lili Liu

Chemistry Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Solid Supported Synthesis Of Secondary Amines Via Staudinger And Microwave Aza-Wittig Reactions, Kyle Thomas Holsinger 2010 Butler University

Solid Supported Synthesis Of Secondary Amines Via Staudinger And Microwave Aza-Wittig Reactions, Kyle Thomas Holsinger

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

Amine bond formation is a major topic in organic chemistry and is widely applied to the formation of medicinal compounds. Current studies have analyzed the benefits of microwave irradiation and solid supported reagents in order to improve reaction conditions and both synthetic and environmental costs. In the synthesis of amines, we investigate the combined use of microwave irradiation and solid supported reagents in the aza-Wittig and reductive amination reaction.


Self-Assembled Heteroleptic Chiral Ligands, Asymmetric Catalyst Systems And Methods, James M. Takacs 2010 Lincoln, NE

Self-Assembled Heteroleptic Chiral Ligands, Asymmetric Catalyst Systems And Methods, James M. Takacs

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

A method of synthesizing a heteroleptic, multiple metal containing metallocyclic catalyst, particularly Suited for asymmetric catalysis, comprising combining a plurality of plural functional group-containing, monodentate ligands of complementary chirality, said plural functional groups being tethered to each other by tethers in the presence of a scaffold structural metal Ms or derivative thereof, wherein at least one functional group on each ligand combines to ligate M to form a bidentate, Ms centered ligand scaffold containing the remaining functional groups and combining said bidentate ligand scaffold with a catalytic metal Mc or derivative thereof whereby the remaining functional groups combine ...


Corrosion Of Steel Shipwrecks In The Marine Environment: Uss Arizona—Part 2, Donald L. Johnson, Brent M. Wilson, James D. Carr, Matthew A. Russell, Larry E. Murphy, David L. Conlin 2010 National Park Service

Corrosion Of Steel Shipwrecks In The Marine Environment: Uss Arizona—Part 2, Donald L. Johnson, Brent M. Wilson, James D. Carr, Matthew A. Russell, Larry E. Murphy, David L. Conlin

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

This article is a continuation of Part 1 (October 2006 MP) on the USS Arizona hull. It discusses additional methods being investigated for use in determining corrosion rates with a minimal impact on the existing structure. Marine biofouling (concretion) has accumulated on the hull. Concretion samples have been studied using x-ray diffraction, environmental electron microscopy, and corrosion potential (Ecorr) to characterize the relationship between concretion and the steel substrate. The data presented in this study confirm the viability of concretion analysis as a minimum-impact procedure to estimate the corrosion rate of mild steel in seawater.


Corrosion Of Steel Shipwreck In The Marine Environment: Uss Arizona—Part 1, Donald L. Johnson, Brent M. Wilson, James D. Carr, Matthew A. Russell, Larry E. Murphy, David L. Conlin 2010 National Park Service

Corrosion Of Steel Shipwreck In The Marine Environment: Uss Arizona—Part 1, Donald L. Johnson, Brent M. Wilson, James D. Carr, Matthew A. Russell, Larry E. Murphy, David L. Conlin

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The USS Arizona has remained submerged in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, since the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941. The ship presents a potential hazard from fuel oil still present in the ship’s hull. As an important factor in management decisions, the effect of corrosion after nearly 65 years is being studied to determine the integrity of the ship’s structure. Coupon samples from the hull revealed decreasing corrosion rates from ~1 to 3 mpy (0.03 to 0.08 mm/y) from just below the water surface to the mudline. This is about one-third of that expected in the ...


Corrosion Of Civil War Era Sub Marine Explorer—Part 2, Donald L. Johnson, James D. Carr, Brent M. Wilson, Larry E. Murphy, James P. Delgado 2010 Submerged Resources Center, National Park Service

Corrosion Of Civil War Era Sub Marine Explorer—Part 2, Donald L. Johnson, James D. Carr, Brent M. Wilson, Larry E. Murphy, James P. Delgado

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The Sub Marine Explorer was designed and built by Julius H. Kroehl, who was born in Prussia in 1820. After migrating to the United States in 1838 and becoming a citizen, he served in the Union Navy (United States Navy during the Civil War) as an underwater demolitions expert. He left the Navy in 1863 and began designing a “sub-marine” that would facilitate Union forces’ mine removal and obstruction clearance. At the end of the Civil War, he became an engineer for the Pacific Pearl Co., an organization interested in using the craft to recover pearls from deep sea oyster ...


Corrosion Of Civil War Era Sub Marine Explorer—Part 1, Donald L. Johnson, James D. Carr, Brent M. Wilson, Larry E. Murphy, James P. Delgado 2010 Submerged Resources Center, National Park Service

Corrosion Of Civil War Era Sub Marine Explorer—Part 1, Donald L. Johnson, James D. Carr, Brent M. Wilson, Larry E. Murphy, James P. Delgado

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The Sub Marine Explorer is one of five submersibles (submarines) constructed prior to 1870 that have survived either in museums or as in situ archaeological sites around the world. Since 1869, the wreck of Explorer has emerged at low tide on the beach of Isla San Telmo, Archipiélago de las Perlas, Panama, located ~75 km southwest of Panama City in the Bay of Panama. In 2001, James Delgado visited the site. Locals described the wreck as a World War II-era Japanese midget submarine. Delgado consulted with Richard Wills, an expert on American Civil War submarines, and confirmed that the well-preserved ...


Process For Preparation Of Conducting Polymers, Reuben D. Rieke 2010 Lincoln, NE

Process For Preparation Of Conducting Polymers, Reuben D. Rieke

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Methods of preparing conducting polymers and the conductive polymers prepared therefrom are provided. The method includes a) combining a monomer-metal complex together with a manganese (II) halide to provide a monomer-manga nese complex, and b) combining the monomer-manganese complex together with a metal catalyst to provide the conductive polymer. Electronic devices can be made using the polymers prepared as described herein.


Method For Monitoring The Stereoselectivity And Relative Rate Of Organic Chemical Reactions, David R. Berkowitz, Sangeeta Dey, Kannan R. Karukurichi, Weijun Shen 2010 Lincoln, NE

Method For Monitoring The Stereoselectivity And Relative Rate Of Organic Chemical Reactions, David R. Berkowitz, Sangeeta Dey, Kannan R. Karukurichi, Weijun Shen

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

A method for monitoring the stereoselectivity of at least one organic chemical reaction and the relative rate of at least one organic chemical reaction, wherein the reaction produces a product that can exist as at least two stereoisomers, is provided herein. Also disclosed are methods for identifying and preparing catalysts for the above reactions.


Transition States In Ei Reactions, Charles A. Kingsbury 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Transition States In Ei Reactions, Charles A. Kingsbury

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The pyrolysis of amine oxides, sulfoxides, selenoxides, and esters to form alkenes is believed to be a concerted reaction with a cyclic transition state. Phosphine oxides, sulfones, and nitro compounds are unreactive. This study seeks to identify reasons for the lack of reactivity of the latter. Transition states were located for all substrates progressing from RHF/3-21G* to the MP2/6-31+G(d,p) level (in certain cases). For sulfones and nitro compounds, two possible reasons for lack of reactivity were considered: (1) Atoms approaching one another in the transition state may be considered to participate in a local n ...


New 2-Aminoethylimidazole-Based Dicarboxylic Acid Receptor Derived From Cholestane, Jyoti Ramesh Jadhav, Md Wasi Ahmad, Hong Seok Kim 2009 Kyungpook National University

New 2-Aminoethylimidazole-Based Dicarboxylic Acid Receptor Derived From Cholestane, Jyoti Ramesh Jadhav, Md Wasi Ahmad, Hong Seok Kim

Dr. Mohammad Wasi Ahmad (Md Wasi Ahmad)

A new facial amphiphile cholestane-based receptor 1 containing a 2-imidazolylethylamino moiety at the 3a and 7a positions of cholestane was synthesized. Recognition selectivity of the new receptor 1 with various dicarboxylic acids was assessed by 1H NMR titration. Maleic acid showed the highest binding constant among all the tested acids


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