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Coordination Of Metal Center Biogenesis In Human Cytochrome C Oxidase, Eva Nývltová, Jonathan Dietz, Javier Seravalli, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Antoni Barrientos 2022 University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

Coordination Of Metal Center Biogenesis In Human Cytochrome C Oxidase, Eva Nývltová, Jonathan Dietz, Javier Seravalli, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Antoni Barrientos

Department of Biochemistry: Faculty Publications

Mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) or respiratory chain complex IV is a heme aa3- copper oxygen reductase containing metal centers essential for holo-complex biogenesis and enzymatic function that are assembled by subunit-specific metallochaperones. The enzyme has two copper sites located in the catalytic core subunits. The COX1 subunit harbors the CuB site that tightly associates with heme a3 while the COX2 subunit contains the binuclear CuA site. Here, we report that in human cells the CcO copper chaperones form macromolecular assemblies and cooperate with several twin CX9C proteins to control heme a biosynthesis and coordinate copper transfer sequentially to the …


A Link Between Methylglyoxal And Heart Failure During Hiv-1 Infection, Prasanta K. Dasg, Fadhel A. Alomar, Jesse L. Cox, JoEllyn McMillan, Bryan T. Hackfort, Edward Makarov, Brenda Morsey, Howard S. Fox, Howard E. Gendelman, Santhi Gorantla, Keshore R. Bidasee 2021 University of Nebraska Medical Center

A Link Between Methylglyoxal And Heart Failure During Hiv-1 Infection, Prasanta K. Dasg, Fadhel A. Alomar, Jesse L. Cox, Joellyn Mcmillan, Bryan T. Hackfort, Edward Makarov, Brenda Morsey, Howard S. Fox, Howard E. Gendelman, Santhi Gorantla, Keshore R. Bidasee

Department of Biochemistry: Faculty Publications

Early-onset heart failure (HF) continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus type one (HIV-1) infection (PLWH), yet the molecular causes for this remain poorly understood. Herein NOD.Cg- PrkdcscidIl2rgtm1Wjl/SzJ humanized mice (Hu-mice), plasma from PLWH, and autopsied cardiac tissues from deceased HIV seropositive individuals were used to assess if there is a link between the glycolysis byproduct methylglyoxal (MG) and HF in the setting of HIV-1 infection. At five weeks post HIV infection, Hu-mice developed grade III-IV diastolic dysfunction (DD) with an associated two-fold increase in plasma …


The Application Of Mathematical Optimization And Flavor-Detection Technologies For Modeling Aroma Of Hops, Yutong Liu 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Application Of Mathematical Optimization And Flavor-Detection Technologies For Modeling Aroma Of Hops, Yutong Liu

Department of Food Science and Technology: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

In recent years, proprietary hops (Citra, Simcoe, and Mosaic) become the most sought-after hops among brewers due to their excellent aroma. However, they are restricted to the owners unless other growers purchase the costly licensing agreements. Many public hops are available to the growers without any additional costs, but their aroma is difficult to match to the proprietary hops. Although proprietary and public hop varieties are unique in their aroma profiles, all hops varieties contain similar volatile compounds, merely differ in the quantity of different individual compounds. The main objective of this thesis was to investigate the feasibility of matching …


Erecta Family Genes Regulate The Shoot Apical Meristem And Organ Formation, Daniel A. DeGennaro 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Erecta Family Genes Regulate The Shoot Apical Meristem And Organ Formation, Daniel A. Degennaro

Doctoral Dissertations

Plants are sessile and must adjust their organ growth to their environments. A reservoir of stem cells in the shoot apical meristem (SAM) supplies cells for differentiation into organs. The SAM must balance organ production with stem cell maintenance. The ERECTA family (ERfs) encodes the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases ERECTA (ER), ERECTA-LIKE 1 (ERL1), and ERL2. ERf signaling regulates organ initiation and stem cell maintenance. Results presented in this work include the following:

1) WUSCHEL (WUS) and CLAVATA3 (CLV3) make up a negative feedback loop to maintain SAM size. WUS and CLV3 expression localization is critical for …


Charting A New Frontier Integrating Mathematical Modeling In Complex Biological Systems From Molecules To Ecosystems, Katharine A. White, Kira D. McEntire, Nicole R. Buan, Lecia Robinson, Elisar Barbar 2021 University of Notre Dame

Charting A New Frontier Integrating Mathematical Modeling In Complex Biological Systems From Molecules To Ecosystems, Katharine A. White, Kira D. Mcentire, Nicole R. Buan, Lecia Robinson, Elisar Barbar

Department of Biochemistry: Faculty Publications

Advances in quantitative biology data collection and analysis across scales (molecular, cellular, organismal, and ecological) have transformed how we understand, categorize, and predict complex biological systems. This surge of quantitative data creates an opportunity to apply, develop, and evaluate mathematical models of biological systems and explore novel methods of analysis. Simultaneously, thanks to increased computational power, mathematicians, engineers, and physical scientists have developed sophisticated models of biological systems at different scales. Novel modeling schemes can offer deeper understanding of principles in biology, but there is still a disconnect between modeling and experimental biology that limits our ability to fully realize …


Stabilin Receptors Clear Lps And Control Systemic Inflammation, Fatima Cabral, Mustafa Al-Rahem, John Skaggs, Thushara A. Thomas, Naresh Kumar, Qian Wu, Paolo Fadda, Lianbo Yu, John M. Robinson, Jonghan Kim, Ekta Pandey, Xinghui Sun, Wael N. Jarjour, Murugesan V.S. Rajaram, Edward N. Harris, Latha P. Ganesan 2021 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Stabilin Receptors Clear Lps And Control Systemic Inflammation, Fatima Cabral, Mustafa Al-Rahem, John Skaggs, Thushara A. Thomas, Naresh Kumar, Qian Wu, Paolo Fadda, Lianbo Yu, John M. Robinson, Jonghan Kim, Ekta Pandey, Xinghui Sun, Wael N. Jarjour, Murugesan V.S. Rajaram, Edward N. Harris, Latha P. Ganesan

Department of Biochemistry: Faculty Publications

Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) cause lethal endotoxemia if not rapidly cleared from blood circulation. Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSEC) systemically clear LPS by unknown mechanisms. We discovered that LPS clearance through LSEC involves endocytosis and lysosomal inactivation via Stabilin-1 and 2 (Stab1 and Stab2) but does not involve TLR4. Cytokine production was inversely related to clearance/endocytosis of LPS by LSEC. When exposed to LPS, Stabilin double knockout mice (Stab DK) and Stab1 KO, but not Stab2 KO, showed significantly enhanced systemic inflammatory cytokine production and early death compared with WT mice. Stab1 KO is not significantly different from Stab DK in circulatory …


Binding Affinity And Interaction Of Sars-Cov-2 Epitopes With Major Histocompatibility Complex, Sareena Kandavalli, James Stewart, Mohammed A. Halim 2021 Kennesaw State University

Binding Affinity And Interaction Of Sars-Cov-2 Epitopes With Major Histocompatibility Complex, Sareena Kandavalli, James Stewart, Mohammed A. Halim

Symposium of Student Scholars

SARS CoV-2 has been affecting the world since 2019. It caused 245 million cases of infection and around 5 million deaths worldwide. The most important strategies for the development of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 are inactivated or weakened virus, replicating or non-replicating viral vector-based approaches, DNA, RNA, virus particle like approaches and epitope-based approaches. The epitope-based approach is rapid, accurate, cost-effective, and reliable against pathogens. By presenting epitopes (antigen peptides) on antigen-presenting cells (APCs), the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), also recognized as the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system in humans, plays an essential role in triggering T-cell immune responses. The focus …


Computational Simulation Of The Lung Doses Of Air-Borne Fine And Ultrafine Particles Inhaled By Humans At Industrial Workplaces, Mohammed Ali 2021 The University of Texas at Tyler

Computational Simulation Of The Lung Doses Of Air-Borne Fine And Ultrafine Particles Inhaled By Humans At Industrial Workplaces, Mohammed Ali

Technology Faculty Publications and Presentations

This study correlates computational predictions with in-vivo experimental results of inhaled fine and ultrafine particulate matters (PMs) transport, dissemination, and deposition in the human respiratory airways. Epidemiological studies suggest that workplace exposure of anthropogenic pollutant PMs as a risk factor for increased susceptibility to acute broncho-pulmonary infections. However, investigations on detailed human inhalation and PM transport processes are restrictive from time, cost, and ethical perspectives. To overcome this problem, computational simulation of particle deposition based on the Multiple Path Particle Dosimetry (MPPD) model was employed. Here, the physical, mechanical, and electrical properties of PMs of carbon black and nanoparticles from …


Physiological Roles Of Mammalian Transmembrane Adenylyl Cyclase Isoforms, Katrina F. Ostrom, Justin E. LaVigne, Tarsis F. Brust, Roland Seifert, Carmen Dessauer, Val J. Watts, Rennolds S. Ostrom 2021 Claremont McKenna College

Physiological Roles Of Mammalian Transmembrane Adenylyl Cyclase Isoforms, Katrina F. Ostrom, Justin E. Lavigne, Tarsis F. Brust, Roland Seifert, Carmen Dessauer, Val J. Watts, Rennolds S. Ostrom

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Adenylyl cyclases (ACs) catalyze the conversion of ATP to the ubiquitous second messenger cAMP. Mammals possess nine isoforms of transmembrane ACs, dubbed AC1-9, that serve as major effector enzymes of G protein-coupled receptors. The transmembrane ACs display varying expression patterns across tissues, giving potential for them having a wide array of physiologic roles. Cells express multiple AC isoforms, implying that ACs have redundant functions. Furthermore, all transmembrane ACs are activated by Gαs so it was long assumed that all ACs are activated by Gαs-coupled GPCRs. AC isoforms partition to different microdomains of the plasma membrane and form …


Dynamic Evolution And Correlation Between Metabolites And Microorganisms During Manufacturing Process And Storage Of Fu Brick Tea, Jing Li, Ran Xu, Joseph Brake, Lizeng Cheng, Jie Wu, Xiaobin Wu 2021 Shanghai Normal University

Dynamic Evolution And Correlation Between Metabolites And Microorganisms During Manufacturing Process And Storage Of Fu Brick Tea, Jing Li, Ran Xu, Joseph Brake, Lizeng Cheng, Jie Wu, Xiaobin Wu

Department of Biochemistry: Faculty Publications

Fu brick tea (FBT) is one of the major brands of dark tea. Microbial fermentation is considered the key step in the development of the special characteristics of FBT. The systemic corelationship of the microbiome and metabolomics during manufacture of Fu brick tea is not fully understood. In this study, we comprehensively explored the microbiome and metabolite dynamic evolution during the FBT manufacturing processes, and revealed decisive factors for the quality and safety of FBT based on the grouped methods of metabolomics combined with biochemical measurements, microbiome sequencing combined with quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and multiplex analysis. Both the …


Recent Applications Of Quantitative Systems Pharmacology And Machine Learning Models Across Diseases, Sara Sadat Aghamiri1, Rada Amin, Tomáš Helikar 2021 University of Nebraska- Lincoln

Recent Applications Of Quantitative Systems Pharmacology And Machine Learning Models Across Diseases, Sara Sadat Aghamiri1, Rada Amin, Tomáš Helikar

Department of Biochemistry: Faculty Publications

Quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) is a quantitative and mechanistic platform describing the phenotypic interaction between drugs, biological networks, and disease conditions to predict optimal therapeutic response. In this meta-analysis study, we review the utility of the QSP platform in drug development and therapeutic strategies based on recent publications (2019–2021). We gathered recent original QSP models and described the diversity of their applications based on therapeutic areas, methodologies, software platforms, and functionalities. The collection and investigation of these publications can assist in providing a repository of recent QSP studies to facilitate the discovery and further reusability of QSP models. Our review …


Purification And Initial Biochemical Characterization Of Atp:Cob(I)Alamin Adenosyltransferase (Eutt) Enzyme Of Salmonella Enterica, Nicole R. Buan, Jorge C. Escalante-Semerena 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Purification And Initial Biochemical Characterization Of Atp:Cob(I)Alamin Adenosyltransferase (Eutt) Enzyme Of Salmonella Enterica, Nicole R. Buan, Jorge C. Escalante-Semerena

Department of Biochemistry: Faculty Publications

ATP:cob(I)alamin adenosyltransferase (EutT) of Salmonella enterica was overproduced and enriched to ~70% homogeneity, and its basic kinetic parameters were determined. Abundant amounts of EutT protein were produced, but all of it remained insoluble. Soluble active EutT protein (~70% homogeneous) was obtained after treatment with detergent. Under conditions in which cobalamin (Cbl) was saturating, Km(ATP) = 10 μM, kcat = 0.03 s1, and Vmax = 54.5 nM min1. Similarly, under conditions in which MgATPwas saturating,Km(Cbl)= 4.1μM, kcat = 0.06 s1, andVmax …


The Simulation Experiment Description Markup Language (Sed-Ml): Language Specification For Level 1 Version 4, Lucian P. Smith,, Frank T. Bergmann, Alan Garny, Tomáš Helikar, Jonathan Karr, David Nickerson,, Herbert Sauro, Dagmar Waltemath, Matthias König 2021 University of Washington

The Simulation Experiment Description Markup Language (Sed-Ml): Language Specification For Level 1 Version 4, Lucian P. Smith,, Frank T. Bergmann, Alan Garny, Tomáš Helikar, Jonathan Karr, David Nickerson,, Herbert Sauro, Dagmar Waltemath, Matthias König

Department of Biochemistry: Faculty Publications

Computational simulation experiments increasingly inform modern biological research, and bring with them the need to provide ways to annotate, archive, share and reproduce the experiments performed. These simulations increasingly require extensive collaboration among modelers, experimentalists, and engineers. The Minimum Information About a Simulation Experiment (MIASE) guidelines outline the information needed to share simulation experiments. SED-ML is a computer-readable format for the information outlined by MIASE, created as a community project and supported by many investigators and software tools. The first versions of SED-ML focused on deterministic and stochastic simulations of models. Level 1 Version 4 of SED-ML substantially expands these …


Liquid And Semisolid Lubricant Compositions , Methods Of Making , And Uses Thereof, Diana Berman, Kent Dean Chapman, Tervor Bradley Romsdahl, Edgar Benjamin Cahoon, Robert Earl Minto, Chunyu Zhang 2021 Denton, TX

Liquid And Semisolid Lubricant Compositions , Methods Of Making , And Uses Thereof, Diana Berman, Kent Dean Chapman, Tervor Bradley Romsdahl, Edgar Benjamin Cahoon, Robert Earl Minto, Chunyu Zhang

Department of Biochemistry: Faculty Publications

Various liquid and semisolid lubricant compositions are provided, in particular lubricant compositions containing oil from the seeds of the Brassicaceae Orychophragmus violaceus, preferably those that have been esterified with one or more fatty acids such as palmitoleic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, lauric acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, or a combination thereof. In various aspects, lubricant compositions are provided that include a petroleum or a synthetic base oil and about 40 % or less by weight of a liquid lubricant composition containing oil from the seeds of the Brassicaceae Orychophragmus violaceus preferably those that have been esterified with one …


Mitochondrial Contact Site And Cristae Organizing System (Micos) Machinery Supports Heme Biosynthesis By Enabling Optimal Performance Of Ferrochelatase, Jonathan V. Dietz, Mathilda M. Willoughby, Robert B. Piel, Teresa A. Ross, Iryna Bohovych, Hannah G. Addis, Jennifer L. Fox, William N. Lanzilotta, Harry A. Dailey, James A. Wohlschlegel, Amit R. Reddi, Amy E. Medlock, Oleh Khalimonchuk 2021 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Mitochondrial Contact Site And Cristae Organizing System (Micos) Machinery Supports Heme Biosynthesis By Enabling Optimal Performance Of Ferrochelatase, Jonathan V. Dietz, Mathilda M. Willoughby, Robert B. Piel, Teresa A. Ross, Iryna Bohovych, Hannah G. Addis, Jennifer L. Fox, William N. Lanzilotta, Harry A. Dailey, James A. Wohlschlegel, Amit R. Reddi, Amy E. Medlock, Oleh Khalimonchuk

Department of Biochemistry: Faculty Publications

Heme is an essential cofactor required for a plethora of cellular processes in eukaryotes. In metazoans the heme biosynthetic pathway is typically partitioned between the cytosol and mitochondria, with the first and final steps taking place in the mitochondrion. The pathway has been extensively studied and its biosynthetic enzymes structurally characterized to varying extents. Nevertheless, understanding of the regulation of heme synthesis and factors that influence this process in metazoans remains incomplete. Therefore, we investigated the molecular organization as well as the physical and genetic interactions of the terminal pathway enzyme, ferrochelatase (Hem15), in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochemical and …


Oxidation Alters The Architecture Of The Phenylalanyl-Trna Synthetase Editing Domain To Confer Hyperaccuracy, Pooja Srinivas, Rebecca E. Steiner, Ian J. Pavelich, Ricardo Guerrera-Ferreira, Puneet Juneja, Michael Ibba, Christine M. Dunham 2021 Emory University

Oxidation Alters The Architecture Of The Phenylalanyl-Trna Synthetase Editing Domain To Confer Hyperaccuracy, Pooja Srinivas, Rebecca E. Steiner, Ian J. Pavelich, Ricardo Guerrera-Ferreira, Puneet Juneja, Michael Ibba, Christine M. Dunham

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

High fidelity during protein synthesis is accomplished by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs). These enzymes ligate an amino acid to a cognate tRNA and have proofreading and editing capabilities that ensure high fidelity. Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase (PheRS) preferentially ligates a phenylalanine to a tRNAPhe over the chemically similar tyrosine, which differs from phenylalanine by a single hydroxyl group. In bacteria that undergo exposure to oxidative stress such as Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, tyrosine isomer levels increase due to phenylalanine oxidation. Several residues are oxidized in PheRS and contribute to hyperactive editing, including against mischarged Tyr-tRNAPhe, despite these oxidized residues not …


Conformation Of The Protein-Free Spliceosomal U2-U6 Snrna Complex And Remodeling By Mg2+ And Proteins, Huong Chu 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Conformation Of The Protein-Free Spliceosomal U2-U6 Snrna Complex And Remodeling By Mg2+ And Proteins, Huong Chu

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Splicing of precursor messenger RNA is an essential process in eukaryotes in which the non-coding regions (introns) are removed and coding regions (exons) ligated together to form a mature mRNA. This process is catalyzed by a multi-mega Dalton ribonucleoprotein complex called the spliceosome, which is assembled from five small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNP) in the form of RNA-protein complexes (U1, U2, U4, U5 and U6) and hundreds of proteins. U2 and U6 small nuclear (sn)RNAs are the only snRNAs directly implicated in catalyzing the splicing of pre-mRNA, but assembly and rearrangement steps prior to catalysis require numerous proteins. Previous studies have …


Dual Control Of One Component Signaling: Mechanistic And Structural Insights Into El222 Active States, Uthama Phani R. Edupuganti 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Dual Control Of One Component Signaling: Mechanistic And Structural Insights Into El222 Active States, Uthama Phani R. Edupuganti

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Photoreceptors play a crucial role in signal transduction as specialized proteins which sense light as environmental stimuli and transduce the signal to control of downstream functions. Here we focus our attention on one class of these proteins, the Light-Oxygen-Voltage (LOV) domain, which is sensitive to blue light via an internally-bound flavin chromophore. Since their initial discovery in plant phototropins, many details of their photochemistry, chromophore interactions, and use with a diverse set of functional effectors have been described. However, several key details, especially a comprehensive understanding of signaling mechanism and its regulation, still remain elusive due in part to the …


The Structural And Functional Role Of Photosensing In Rgs-Lov Proteins, Zaynab Jaber 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Structural And Functional Role Of Photosensing In Rgs-Lov Proteins, Zaynab Jaber

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Light provides organisms with energy and spatiotemporal information. To survive and adapt, organisms have developed the ability to sense light to drive biochemical effects that underlie vision, entrainment of circadian rhythm, stress response, virulence, and many other important molecularly driven responses. Blue-light sensing Light-Oxygen-Voltage (LOV) domains are ubiquitous across multiple kingdoms of life and modulate various physiological events via diverse effector domains. Using a small molecule flavin chromophore, the LOV domain undergoes light-dependent structural changes leading to activation or repression of these catalytic and non-catalytic effectors. In silico analyses of high-throughput genomic sequencing data has led to the marked expansion …


Down The Iron Path: Mitochondrial Iron Homeostasis And Beyond, Jonathan Dietz, Jennifer L. Fox, Oleh Khalimonchuk 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Down The Iron Path: Mitochondrial Iron Homeostasis And Beyond, Jonathan Dietz, Jennifer L. Fox, Oleh Khalimonchuk

Department of Biochemistry: Faculty Publications

Cellular iron homeostasis and mitochondrial iron homeostasis are interdependent. Mitochondria must import iron to form iron–sulfur clusters and heme, and to incorporate these cofactors along with iron ions into mitochondrial proteins that support essential functions, including cellular respiration. In turn, mitochondria supply the cell with heme and enable the biogenesis of cytosolic and nuclear proteins containing iron–sulfur clusters. Impairment in cellular or mitochondrial iron homeostasis is deleterious and can result in numerous human diseases. Due to its reactivity, iron is stored and trafficked through the body, intracellularly, and within mitochondria via carefully orchestrated processes. Here, we focus on describing the …


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