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Genome‐Wide Association And Genomic Prediction For Biomass Yield In A Genetically Diverse Miscanthus Sinensis Germplasm Panel Phenotyped At Five Locations In Asia And North America, Lindsay V. Clark, Maria S. Dwiyanti, Kossonou G. Anzoua, Joe E. Brummer, Bimal Kumar Ghimire, Katarzyna Glowacka, Megan Hall, Kweon Heo, Xiaoli Jin, Alexander E. Lipka, Junhua Peng, Toshihiko Yamada, Ji Hye Yoo, Chang Yeon Yu, Hua Zhao, Stephen P. Long, Erik J. Sacks 2019 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Genome‐Wide Association And Genomic Prediction For Biomass Yield In A Genetically Diverse Miscanthus Sinensis Germplasm Panel Phenotyped At Five Locations In Asia And North America, Lindsay V. Clark, Maria S. Dwiyanti, Kossonou G. Anzoua, Joe E. Brummer, Bimal Kumar Ghimire, Katarzyna Glowacka, Megan Hall, Kweon Heo, Xiaoli Jin, Alexander E. Lipka, Junhua Peng, Toshihiko Yamada, Ji Hye Yoo, Chang Yeon Yu, Hua Zhao, Stephen P. Long, Erik J. Sacks

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

To improve the efficiency of breeding of Miscanthus for biomass yield, there is a need to develop genomics‐assisted selection for this long‐lived perennial crop by relating genotype to phenotype and breeding value across a broad range of environments. We present the first genome‐wide association (GWA) and genomic prediction study of Miscanthus that utilizes multilocation phenotypic data. A panel of 568 Miscanthus sinensis accessions was genotyped with 46,177 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and evaluated at one subtropical and five temperate locations over 3 years for biomass yield and 14 yield‐component traits. GWA and genomic prediction were ...


Biomass Yield In A Genetically Diverse Miscanthus Sinensis Germplasm Panel Evaluated At Five Locations Revealed Individuals With Exceptional Potential, Lindsay V. Clark, Maria S. Dwiyanti, Kossonou G. Anzoua, Joe E. Brummer, Bimal Kumar Ghimire, Katarzyna Glowacka, Megan Hall, Kweon Heo, Xiaoli Jin, Alexander E. Lipka, Junhua Peng, Toshihiko Yamada, Ji Hye Yoo, Chang Yeon Yu, Hua Zhao, Stephen P. Long, Erik J. Sacks 2019 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Biomass Yield In A Genetically Diverse Miscanthus Sinensis Germplasm Panel Evaluated At Five Locations Revealed Individuals With Exceptional Potential, Lindsay V. Clark, Maria S. Dwiyanti, Kossonou G. Anzoua, Joe E. Brummer, Bimal Kumar Ghimire, Katarzyna Glowacka, Megan Hall, Kweon Heo, Xiaoli Jin, Alexander E. Lipka, Junhua Peng, Toshihiko Yamada, Ji Hye Yoo, Chang Yeon Yu, Hua Zhao, Stephen P. Long, Erik J. Sacks

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

To breed improved biomass cultivars of Miscanthus ×giganteus, it will be necessary to select the highest‐yielding and best‐adapted genotypes of its parental species, Miscanthus sinensis and Miscanthus sacchariflorus. We phenotyped a diverse clonally propagated panel of 569 M. sinensis and nine natural diploid M. ×giganteus at one subtropical (Zhuji, China) and five temperate locations (Sapporo, Japan; Leamington, Ontario, Canada; Fort Collins, CO; Urbana, IL; and Chuncheon, Korea) for dry biomass yield and 14 yield‐component traits, in trials grown for 3 years. Notably, dry biomass yield of four Miscanthus accessions exceeded 80 Mg/ha in Zhuji, China, approaching ...


Winter Hardiness Of Miscanthus (Iii): Genome‐Wide Association And Genomic Prediction For Overwintering Ability In Miscanthus Sinensis, Hongxu Dong, Lindsay V. Clark, Alexander E. Lipka, Joe E. Brummer, Katarzyna Glowacka, Megan C. Hall, Kweon Heo, Xiaoli Jin, Junhua Peng, Toshihiko Yamada, Bimal Kumar Ghimire, Ji Hye Yoo, Chang Yeon Yu, Hua Zhao, Stephen P. Long, Erik J. Sacks 2019 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Winter Hardiness Of Miscanthus (Iii): Genome‐Wide Association And Genomic Prediction For Overwintering Ability In Miscanthus Sinensis, Hongxu Dong, Lindsay V. Clark, Alexander E. Lipka, Joe E. Brummer, Katarzyna Glowacka, Megan C. Hall, Kweon Heo, Xiaoli Jin, Junhua Peng, Toshihiko Yamada, Bimal Kumar Ghimire, Ji Hye Yoo, Chang Yeon Yu, Hua Zhao, Stephen P. Long, Erik J. Sacks

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Overwintering ability is an important selection criterion for Miscanthus breeding in temperate regions. Insufficient overwintering ability of the currently leading Miscanthus biomass cultivar, M. ×giganteus (M×g) ‘1993–1780’, in regions where average annual minimum temperatures are −26.1°C (USDA hardiness zone 5) or lower poses a pressing need to develop new cultivars with superior cold tolerance. To facilitate breeding of Miscanthus, this study characterized phenotypic and genetic variation of overwintering ability in an M. sinensis germplasm panel consisting of 564 accessions, evaluated in field trials at three locations in North America and two in Asia. Genome‐wide association ...


Chronic Alcohol Exposure Alters Circulating Insulin And Ghrelin Levels: Role Of Ghrelin In Hepatic Steatosis, Karuna Rasineni, Paul G. Thomes, Jacy L. Kubik, Edward N. Harris, Kusum K. Kharbanda, Carol A. Casey 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Chronic Alcohol Exposure Alters Circulating Insulin And Ghrelin Levels: Role Of Ghrelin In Hepatic Steatosis, Karuna Rasineni, Paul G. Thomes, Jacy L. Kubik, Edward N. Harris, Kusum K. Kharbanda, Carol A. Casey

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Fatty liver is the earliest response of the liver to excessive ethanol consumption. Central in the development of alcoholic steatosis is increased mobilization of nonesterified free fatty acids (NEFAs) to the liver from the adipose tissue. In this study, we hypothesized that ethanol-induced increase in ghrelin by impairing insulin secretion, could be responsible for the altered lipid metabolism observed in adipose and liver tissue. Male Wistar rats were fed for 5–8 wk with control or ethanol Lieber-DeCarli diet, followed by biochemical analyses in serum and liver tissues. In addition, in vitro studies were conducted on pancreatic islets isolated from ...


Acyltransferases And Methods Of Using, Edgar Cahoon, Umidjon Iskandarov, Hae Jin Kim, Jillian Collins-Silva 2019 Lincoln, NE

Acyltransferases And Methods Of Using, Edgar Cahoon, Umidjon Iskandarov, Hae Jin Kim, Jillian Collins-Silva

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Provided herein are novel acyltransferases and methods of using such novel acyltransferases in making medium - chain fatty acids.


An Arabidopsis Protoplast Isolation Method Reduces Cytosolic Acidification And Activation Of The Chloroplast Stress Sensor Sensitive To Freezing 2, Allison C. Barnes, Christian G. Elowsky, Rebecca Roston 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

An Arabidopsis Protoplast Isolation Method Reduces Cytosolic Acidification And Activation Of The Chloroplast Stress Sensor Sensitive To Freezing 2, Allison C. Barnes, Christian G. Elowsky, Rebecca Roston

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Chloroplasts adapt to freezing and other abiotic stresses in part by modifying their membranes. One key-remodeling enzyme is SENSITIVE TO FREEZING2 (SFR2). SFR2 is unusual because it does not respond to initial cold stress or cold acclimation, instead it responds during freezing conditions in Arabidopsis. This response has been shown to be sensitive to cytosolic acidification. The unique lipid products of SFR2 have also been detected in response to non-freezing stresses, but what causes SFR2 to respond in these stresses is unknown. Here, we investigate protoplast isolation as a representative of wounding stress. We show that SFR2 oligogalactolipid products accumulate ...


Charting A New Frontier Of Science By Integrating Mathematical Modeling To Understand And Predict Complex Biological Systems, Katharine White, Kira McEntire, Nicole R. Buan, Kingshuk Ghosh, Lecia Robinson, Elisar Barbar 2019 University of Notre Dame

Charting A New Frontier Of Science By Integrating Mathematical Modeling To Understand And Predict Complex Biological Systems, Katharine White, Kira Mcentire, Nicole R. Buan, Kingshuk Ghosh, Lecia Robinson, Elisar Barbar

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Biological systems are staggeringly complex. To untangle this complexity and make predictions about biological systems is a continuous goal of biological research. One approach to achieve these goals is to emphasize the use of quantitative measures of biological processes. Advances in quantitative biology data collection and analysis across scales (molecular, cellular, organismal, ecological) has transformed how we understand, categorize, and predict complex biological systems. Simultaneously, thanks to increased computational power, mathematicians, engineers and physical scientists -- collectively termed theoreticians -- have developed sophisticated models of biological systems at different scales. But there is still a disconnect between the two fields. This surge ...


Fatty Acid Transporter 2 Reprograms Neutrophils In Cancer, Filippo Veglia, Vladimir A. Tyurin, Maria Blasi, Alessandra De Leo, Andrew Kossenkov, Laxminarasimha Donthireddy, To Tsun Ki Jerrick, Zach Schug, Subhasree Basu, Fang Wang, Emanuela Ricciotti, Concetta C. DiRusso, Maureen E. Murphy, Robert H. Vonderheide, Paul M. Lieberman, Charles Mulligan, Brian Nam, Neil Hockstein, Gregory Masters, Michael Guarino, Cindy Lin, Yulia Nefedova, Paul N. Black, Valerian E, Kagan, Dmitry Gabrilovich 2019 The Wistar Institute, Philadelphia

Fatty Acid Transporter 2 Reprograms Neutrophils In Cancer, Filippo Veglia, Vladimir A. Tyurin, Maria Blasi, Alessandra De Leo, Andrew Kossenkov, Laxminarasimha Donthireddy, To Tsun Ki Jerrick, Zach Schug, Subhasree Basu, Fang Wang, Emanuela Ricciotti, Concetta C. Dirusso, Maureen E. Murphy, Robert H. Vonderheide, Paul M. Lieberman, Charles Mulligan, Brian Nam, Neil Hockstein, Gregory Masters, Michael Guarino, Cindy Lin, Yulia Nefedova, Paul N. Black, Valerian E, Kagan, Dmitry Gabrilovich

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Polymorphonuclear myeloid derived suppressor cells (PMN-MDSC) are pathologically activated neutrophils that are critically important for the regulation of immune responses in cancer. They contribute to the failure of cancer therapies and are associated with poor clinical outcomes. Despite the recent advances in understanding of the PMN-MDSC biology, the mechanisms responsible for pathological activation of neutrophils are not well defined, which limits selective targeting of these cells. Here, we report that mouse and human PMN-MDSC exclusively up-regulate fatty acid transporter protein 2 (FATP2). Over-expression of FATP2 in PMN-MDSC was controlled by GM-CSF, through the activation of STAT5 transcription factor. Deletion of ...


Arsenite Exposure Suppresses Adipogenesis, Mitochondrial Biogenesis And Thermogenesis Via Autophagy Inhibition In Brown Adipose Tissue, Jiyoung Bae, Yura Jang, Heejeong Kim, Kalika Mahato, cameron Schaecher, Issac M. Kim, Eunju Kim, Seung-Hyun Ro 2019 University of Nebraska- Lincoln & University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Arsenite Exposure Suppresses Adipogenesis, Mitochondrial Biogenesis And Thermogenesis Via Autophagy Inhibition In Brown Adipose Tissue, Jiyoung Bae, Yura Jang, Heejeong Kim, Kalika Mahato, Cameron Schaecher, Issac M. Kim, Eunju Kim, Seung-Hyun Ro

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Arsenite, a trivalent form of arsenic, is an element that occurs naturally in the environment. Humans are exposed to high dose of arsenite through consuming arsenite-contaminated drinking water and food, and the arsenite can accumulate in the human tissues. Arsenite induces oxidative stress, which is linked to metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes. Brown adipocytes dissipating energy as heat have emerging roles for obesity treatment and prevention. therefore, understanding the pathophysiological role of brown adipocytes can provide effective strategies delineating the link between arsenite exposure and metabolic disorders. Our study revealed that arsenite significantly reduced differentiation of murine brown ...


The Structure Of Pila From Acinetobacter Baumannii Ab5075 Suggests A Mechanism For Functional Specialization In Acinetobacter Type Iv Pili, Leslie A. Ronish, Erik Lillehoj, James K. Fields, Eric J. Sundberg, Kurt Piepenbrink 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Structure Of Pila From Acinetobacter Baumannii Ab5075 Suggests A Mechanism For Functional Specialization In Acinetobacter Type Iv Pili, Leslie A. Ronish, Erik Lillehoj, James K. Fields, Eric J. Sundberg, Kurt Piepenbrink

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Type IV pili (T4P) are bacterial appendages composed of protein subunits, called pilins, noncovalently assembled into helical fibers. T4P are essential, in many bacterial species, for processes as diverse as twitching motility, natural competence, biofilm or microcolony formation, and host cell adhesion. The genes encoding type IV pili are found universally in the Gram-negative, aerobic, nonflagellated, and pathogenic coccobacillus Acinetobacter baumannii, but there is considerable variation in PilA, the major protein subunit, both in amino acid sequence and in glycosylation patterns. Here we report the X-ray crystal structure of PilA from AB5075, a recently characterized, highly virulent isolate, at 1 ...


Intra- And Inter-Molecular Signaling In A Cardiac Connexin: Role Of Cytoplasmic Domain Dimerization And Phosphorylation, Andrew J. Trease 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Intra- And Inter-Molecular Signaling In A Cardiac Connexin: Role Of Cytoplasmic Domain Dimerization And Phosphorylation, Andrew J. Trease

Theses & Dissertations

As critical mediators of cell-to-cell communication, gap junctions (GJs) are comprised of membrane channels that directly link the cytoplasm of adjacent coupled cells thereby allowing for the passage of ions, small metabolites, and secondary messengers. Each channel is formed by the apposition of two connexons from adjacent cells, each composed of six connexin (Cx) proteins. Each GJ channel functions to promote signal propagation and synchronization of cells and tissues in organs. Furthermore, GJs are essential for proper propagation of cardiac action potentials from one cell to the next, leading to the coordinated contraction and relaxation of heart muscle powering circulation ...


Methanogens: Pushing The Boundaries Of Biology, Nicole R. Buan 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Methanogens: Pushing The Boundaries Of Biology, Nicole R. Buan

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Methanogens are anaerobic archaea that grow by producing methane gas. These microbes and their exotic metabolism have inspired decades of microbial physiology research that continues to push the boundary of what we know about how microbes conserve energy to grow. The study of methanogens has helped to elucidate the thermodynamic and bioenergetics basis of life, contributed our understanding of evolution and biodiversity, and has garnered an appreciation for the societal utility of studying trophic interactions between environmental microbes, as methanogens are important in microbial conversion of biogenic carbon into methane, a high-energy fuel. This review discusses the theoretical basis for ...


The Multifaceted Roles Of Cd177 In Mammary Tissue Development And Breast Cancer, Paige Nicole Kluz 2018 University of Iowa

The Multifaceted Roles Of Cd177 In Mammary Tissue Development And Breast Cancer, Paige Nicole Kluz

Theses and Dissertations

Aiming to identify immune molecules with a novel function in cancer pathogenesis, we found the cluster of differentiation 177 (CD177), a known neutrophil antigen, expression to be positively correlated with relapse-free (RFS), metastasis-free (MFS) or overall survival (OS) in several solid cancers including those from breast, prostate, cervix, and lung. To study the role of CD177 in breast cancer, we generated a total body Cd177 knockout mouse. These mice had no profound phenotype at 3 - months of age or younger. The only phenotype found at this age was reduced peripheral neutrophil counts, but no difference in their ability to clear ...


The Role Of Cellular Redox Imbalance, Er-Stress, And Autophagy In Adaptation Of Metastatic Melanoma To Mapk Pathway Inhibition, Somya Kapoor 2018 University of Iowa

The Role Of Cellular Redox Imbalance, Er-Stress, And Autophagy In Adaptation Of Metastatic Melanoma To Mapk Pathway Inhibition, Somya Kapoor

Theses and Dissertations

Melanoma incidence in the United States has grown continuously at a rate of 1.5% each year for the last decade. Disease detected early can be cured by surgery, but metastatic disease is lethal. Recent discoveries have led to promising-targeted MAPK-pathway inhibitors (MAPKih) and immunotherapies. However, low response rates and acquired drug resistance remain as significant challenges to improved outcomes. The mechanisms that drive resistance to MAPKih are elusive. On the other hand, our data suggests that drug-induced alterations in oxidative metabolism and cellular antioxidant systems (e.g., glutathione; GSH and superoxide dismutase; SOD) in melanoma cells play prominent roles ...


Molecular Fossils From Phytoplankton Reveal Secular Pco2 Trend Over The Phanerozoic, Caitlyn R. Witkowski, Johan W. H. Weijers, Brian S. Blais, Stefan Schouten, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté 2018 Utrecht University

Molecular Fossils From Phytoplankton Reveal Secular Pco2 Trend Over The Phanerozoic, Caitlyn R. Witkowski, Johan W. H. Weijers, Brian S. Blais, Stefan Schouten, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté

Science and Technology Faculty Journal Articles

Past changes in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (PCO2) have had a major impact on earth system dynamics; yet, reconstructing secular trends of past PCO2 remains a prevalent challenge in paleoclimate studies. The current long-term PCO2reconstructions rely largely on the compilation of many different proxies, often with discrepancies among proxies, particularly for periods older than 100 million years (Ma). Here, we reconstructed Phanerozoic PCO2 from a single proxy: the stable carbon isotopic fractionation associated with photosynthesis (Ɛp) that increases as PCO2 increases. This concept has been widely applied to alkenones, but here, we expand ...


A Crispr Platform For Rapid And Inducible Genome Editing In Human Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells, Lloyd Bartley 2018 Murray State University

A Crispr Platform For Rapid And Inducible Genome Editing In Human Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells, Lloyd Bartley

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 85% of lung cancer, which is the leading cause of cancer death in the world. High mortality rate associated with NSCLC is partially attributed to the limited understanding of NSCLC as well as ineffective therapeutic treatments. The initiation and progression of NSCLC involves genetic changes leading to alterations in the control of tissue development and homeostatic maintenance. Better knowledge about these genetic abnormalities is imperative for developing new chemotherapeutic drugs for NSCLC. Recent research demonstrates that the expression of paraoxonase 2 (PON2), a lactonase/arylesterase with anti-oxidant properties, are markedly enhanced in ...


Combined High-Speed Single Particle Tracking Of Membrane Proteins And Super-Resolution Of Membrane-Associated Structures, Hanieh Mazloom Farsibaf, Keith A. Lidke 2018 University of New Mexico

Combined High-Speed Single Particle Tracking Of Membrane Proteins And Super-Resolution Of Membrane-Associated Structures, Hanieh Mazloom Farsibaf, Keith A. Lidke

Shared Knowledge Conference

Many experiments have shown that the diffusive motion of lipids and membrane proteins are slower on the cell surface than those in artificial lipid bilayers or blebs. One hypothesis that may partially explain this mystery is the effect of the cytoskeleton structures on the protein dynamics. A model proposed by Kusumi [1] is the Fence-Picket Model which describes the cell membrane as a set of compartment regions, each ~ 10 to 200 nm in size, created by direct or indirect interaction of lipids and proteins with actin filaments just below the membrane. To test this hypothesis, we have assembled a high-speed ...


Identifying Functional Components Of The Endoplasmic Reticulum Quality Control And Degradation Factor Edem1, Lydia Lamriben 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Identifying Functional Components Of The Endoplasmic Reticulum Quality Control And Degradation Factor Edem1, Lydia Lamriben

Doctoral Dissertations

The ER Degradation-Enhancing Mannosidase-Like protein 1 (EDEM1) is a critical endoplasmic reticulum (ER) quality control factor involved in identifying and directing non-native proteins to the ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD) pathway. However, its recognition and binding properties have remained enigmatic since its discovery. Here we provide evidence for an additional redox-sensitive interaction between EDEM1 and Z/NHK that requires the presence of the single Cys on the α-1 antitrypsin ERAD clients. Moreover, this Cys-dependent interaction is necessary when the proteins are isolated under stringent detergent conditions, ones in which only strong covalent interactions can be sustained. This interaction is inherent to ...


Combining Mass Spectrometry And Nmr Improves Metabolite Detection And Annotation, Fatema Bhinderwala, Nishikant Wase, Concetta DiRusso, Robert Powers 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Combining Mass Spectrometry And Nmr Improves Metabolite Detection And Annotation, Fatema Bhinderwala, Nishikant Wase, Concetta Dirusso, Robert Powers

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Despite inherent complementarity, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS) are routinely separately employed to characterize metabolomics samples. More troubling is the erroneous view that metabolomics is better served by exclusively utilizing MS. Instead, we demonstrate the importance of combining NMR and MS for metabolomics by using small chemical compound-treatments of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as an illustrative example. A total of 102 metabolites were detected (82 by GC-MS, 20 by NMR and 22 by both techniques). Out of these 47 metabolites of interest were identified, where 14 metabolites were uniquely identified by NMR and 16 metabolites were uniquely identified ...


Mouse Genome-Wide Association Studies And Systems Genetics Uncover The Genetic Architecture Associated With Hepatic Pharmacokinetic And Pharmacodynamic Properties Of A Constrained Ethyl Antisense Oligonucleotide Targeting Malat1, Elaine Pirie, Shayoni Ray, Calvin Pan, Wuxia Fu, Andrew F. Powers, Danielle Polikoff, Colton M. Miller, Katrina M. Kudrna, Edward N. Harris, Aldons J. Lusis, Rosanne M. Crooke, Richard G. Lee 2018 Carlsbad, California

Mouse Genome-Wide Association Studies And Systems Genetics Uncover The Genetic Architecture Associated With Hepatic Pharmacokinetic And Pharmacodynamic Properties Of A Constrained Ethyl Antisense Oligonucleotide Targeting Malat1, Elaine Pirie, Shayoni Ray, Calvin Pan, Wuxia Fu, Andrew F. Powers, Danielle Polikoff, Colton M. Miller, Katrina M. Kudrna, Edward N. Harris, Aldons J. Lusis, Rosanne M. Crooke, Richard G. Lee

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) have demonstrated variation of efficacy in patient populations. This has prompted our investigation into the contribution of genetic architecture to ASO pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD). Genome wide association (GWA) and transcriptomic analysis in a hybrid mouse diversity panel (HMDP) were used to identify and validate novel genes involved in the uptake and efficacy of a single dose of a Malat1 constrained ethyl (cEt) modified ASO. The GWA of the HMDP identified two significant associations on chromosomes 4 and 10 with hepatic Malat1 ASO concentrations. Stabilin 2 (Stab2) and vesicle associated membrane protein 3 (Vamp3) were identified ...


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