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Analysis Of Biologically Effective Dose For Retroactive Yttrium-90 Trans-Arterial Radioembolization Treatment Optimization, MJ Lindsey 2023 Claremont McKenna College

Analysis Of Biologically Effective Dose For Retroactive Yttrium-90 Trans-Arterial Radioembolization Treatment Optimization, Mj Lindsey

CMC Senior Theses

Trans-arterial radioembolization (TARE) is a protracted modality of radiation therapy where radionuclides labeled with Yttrium-90 (90Y) are inserted inside a patient's hepatic artery to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). While TARE has been shown to be a clinically effective and safe treatment, there is little understanding of the radiobiological relationship between absorbed dose and tissue response, and thus there is no dosimetric standard for treatment planning. The Biologically Effective Dose (BED) formalism, derived from the Linear-Quadratic model of radiobiology, is used to weigh the absorbed dose by the time pattern of delivery. BED is a virtual dose that can …


Raw Data Files For The Manuscript 'Elastin Recoil Is Driven By The Hydrophobic Effect', Nour M. Jamhawi, Ronald Koder, Richard J. Wittebort 2023 University of Louisville

Raw Data Files For The Manuscript 'Elastin Recoil Is Driven By The Hydrophobic Effect', Nour M. Jamhawi, Ronald Koder, Richard J. Wittebort

Publications and Research

These are the raw data files associated with the manuscript 'Elastin Recoil is Driven by the Hydrophobic Effect' by Nour M. Jamhawi, Ronald L. Koder, and Richard J. Wittebort


Interactions Of Amyloid Peptides With Lipid Membranes, Yanxing Yang 2022 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Interactions Of Amyloid Peptides With Lipid Membranes, Yanxing Yang

Dissertations

The aggregation of amyloid proteins into fibrils is a hallmark of several diseases including Alzheimer’s (AD), Parkinson’s, and Type II diabetes. This aggregation process involves the formation of small size oligomers preceding the formation of insoluble fibrils. Recent studies have shown that these oligomers are more likely to be responsible for cell toxicity than fibrils. A possible mechanism of toxicity involves the interaction of oligomers with the cell membrane compromising its integrity. In particular, oligomers may form pore-like structures in the cell membrane affecting its permeability or they may induce lipid loss via a detergent-like effect. This dissertation aims to …


Dynamics Of Nucleosome Assembly Characterized By Atomic Force Microscopy, Tommy Stormberg 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Dynamics Of Nucleosome Assembly Characterized By Atomic Force Microscopy, Tommy Stormberg

Theses & Dissertations

Nucleosomes are the basic repeating unit defining the assembly and function of chromatin. Understanding the fundamental mechanisms of nucleosome structure and dynamics is critical to elucidating the chromatin assembly process. This dissertation describes my work in elucidating the role of different factors that drive the nucleosome dynamics.

In my first study, we characterized, for the first time, the effect of sequence on nucleosome assembly. We then characterized the role of internucleosomal interactions, discovering a critical role internucleosomal interactions in the assembly of higher order structures.

Based on the previous study and literature regarding histone tails, we hypothesized the histone H4 …


Designing And Synthesizing A Warhead-Fragment Inhibitory Ligand For Ivyp1 Through Fragment-Based Drug Discovery, Samuel Moore 2022 Kennesaw State University

Designing And Synthesizing A Warhead-Fragment Inhibitory Ligand For Ivyp1 Through Fragment-Based Drug Discovery, Samuel Moore

Symposium of Student Scholars

Fragment-based drug discovery (FBDD) is a powerful tool for developing anticancer and antimicrobial agents. Within this, magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) provides a comprehensive qualitative and quantitative approach to screening and validating weak and robust binders with targeted proteins, making NMR among the most attractive strategies in FBDD. Inhibitor of vertebrate lysozyme (Ivyp1) of P. aeruginosa serves as an excellent target because of its active cellular location and implications in clinical prognosis for cystic fibrosis and immunocompromised patients. This study uses current NMR and biophysical techniques to develop a covalent, fragment-linked warhead inhibitor for Ivyp1 through synthetic methods, warhead linking, and …


A Novel Transmembrane Ligand Inhibits T Cell Receptor Activation, Yujie Ye 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Novel Transmembrane Ligand Inhibits T Cell Receptor Activation, Yujie Ye

Doctoral Dissertations

T lymphocytes (T cells) play essential roles in the adaptive immune system. Each mature T cell expresses one type of functional T cell receptor (TCR). The TCR recognizes antigens bound to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in antigen presenting cells. The resulting stimulation signal crosses the transmembrane domain of TCR and initiates downstream signaling cascades. The human immune system relies on TCRs to recognize a variety of pathogens. Normally, TCR can distinguish the self-antigens from pathogenic antigens. However, dysfunction or aberrant expression of TCRs causes different inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, which afflict millions of people annually (Chapter I). Current treatments …


Conformational Dynamics And Aggregation Of Thermally Stressed Proteins Studied By Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry, Nastaran Nosrat Tajoddin 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Conformational Dynamics And Aggregation Of Thermally Stressed Proteins Studied By Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry, Nastaran Nosrat Tajoddin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Proteins perform various biological functions, e.g., as enzymes or transporters. In addition to naturally occurring proteins, the use of protein therapeutic drugs for treating cancer and other diseases is a rapidly growing area. A thorough biophysical characterization of proteins and protein therapeutics opens the door to a more comprehensive understanding of their role in health and disease. This dissertation aims to expand the capabilities of an existing technique (Hydrogen Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry, HDX-MS), which is widely used for probing protein structure and dynamics. Conventionally, HDX-MS experiments are performed as a function of labelling time. Here we aim to establish …


The Relationship Between Joint Stiffness And Leg Morphology In Spiders, Lachlan Fisher 2022 Western University

The Relationship Between Joint Stiffness And Leg Morphology In Spiders, Lachlan Fisher

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

This poster investigates the relationship between joint stiffness and spider leg morphology, with an interest in collecting data to create more accurate biomechanical models of spiders.


Visualizing Muscle Assembly And Function In C. Elegans, Michael B. Russell 2022 University of South Alabama

Visualizing Muscle Assembly And Function In C. Elegans, Michael B. Russell

Theses and Dissertations

Myofibrils produce the forces that shorten muscles during contraction and are composed of proteins arranged in repeating contractile units (sarcomeres). These are composed of various proteins that self-organize into precise, alternating groups. The process of myofibril assembly is robust, flexible, and medically relevant. Various protein isoforms have evolved to modify the assembly process and generate a variety of muscle types with distinct physiologies and dynamics. To study myofibril assembly, I used the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) which is an ideal model organism for this because it is transparent and has a variety of different muscle types that are responsible …


Improving The Ribozyme Toolbox: From Structure-Function Insights To Synthetic Biology Applications, Jessica Michelle Roberts 2022 Boise State University

Improving The Ribozyme Toolbox: From Structure-Function Insights To Synthetic Biology Applications, Jessica Michelle Roberts

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Self-cleaving ribozymes are a naturally occurring class of catalytically active RNA molecules which cleave their own phosphate backbone. In nature, self-cleaving ribozymes are best known for their role in processing concatamers of viral genomes into monomers during viral replication in some RNA viruses, but to a lesser degree have also been implicated in mRNA regulation and processing in bacteria and eukaryotes. In addition to their biological relevance, these RNA enzymes have been harnessed as important biomolecular tools with a variety of applications in fields such as bioengineering. Self-cleaving ribozymes are relatively small and easy to generate in the lab using …


Habitability, And Evolution Of Microorganisms Under Extreme Conditions, Azarin Yazdani 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Habitability, And Evolution Of Microorganisms Under Extreme Conditions, Azarin Yazdani

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The choice of a solvent determines the possible biochemistry of life. Life on Earth is based on carbon biochemistry and has evolved in an environment with water as a solvent. As a polar solvent abundant on Earth, water has unique physical properties, including a large range of liquidity and low viscosity, making it a very good solvent for terrestrial life. Liquids other than water are abundant in the universe, and the chemical nature of these liquids might lead to different chemistries of life. In the first chapter, we review the main characteristics of a good solvent, and then we use …


Modeling Electrostatics In Molecular Biology And Its Relevance With Molecular Mechanisms Of Diseases, Mahesh Koirala 2022 Clemson University

Modeling Electrostatics In Molecular Biology And Its Relevance With Molecular Mechanisms Of Diseases, Mahesh Koirala

All Dissertations

Electrostatics plays an essential role in molecular biology. Modeling electrostatics in molecular biology is complicated due to the water phase, mobile ions, and irregularly shaped inhomogeneous biological macromolecules. This dissertation presents the popular DelPhi package that solves PBE and delivers the electrostatic potential distribution of biomolecules. We used the newly developed DelPhiForce steered Molecular Dynamics (DFMD) approach to model the binding of barstar to barnase and demonstrated that the first-principles method could also model the binding. This dissertation also reflects the use of existing computational approaches to model the effects of Single Amino Acid Variations (SAVs) to reveal molecular mechanisms …


Wdr5 Network Analysis Using Ensemble Approaches, Ali Imran 2022 Syracuse University

Wdr5 Network Analysis Using Ensemble Approaches, Ali Imran

Dissertations - ALL

Understanding the properties of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) is necessary to deconvolute the processes inside living organisms. As such, research in this regard has significant implications for gaining insight into cancers and other diseases. Once understood, drugs can be designed to target these diseases. In these chapters we focus on the network of interactions of WD40 repeat protein 5 (WDR5), a known hub protein. Several of its interactions are significant for regulation of histone methylation and consequently epigenetic regulation. These interacting partners include the SET1 family of proteins and retinoblastoma binding protein-5 (RbBP5). In this work we used multiple ensemble measurement …


Autofluorescence Microscopy -- Identifying Bacterial Signals On Rock Samples, Noel Case 2022 Portland State University

Autofluorescence Microscopy -- Identifying Bacterial Signals On Rock Samples, Noel Case

University Honors Theses

One common method for identifying microbes present fluid and non-fluid samples is fluorescent dye staining, in which samples are stained with a fluorophore - a molecule excited by an external light source that re-emits energy as higher-wavelength light. The excitation wavelength used greatly impacts the observability of microbes in the resulting fluorescence images, and deep ultraviolet excitation (200-280 nm) seems to provide the highest signal-to-noise ratio of any excitation range. By inoculating rock samples (gypsum and marble) with B. subtilis, staining with SYTO 9, Acridine Orange and FM 1-43 dyes, and imaging with deep UV (275 nm), near UV (365 …


Utilizing Computational Methods To Study The Biomolecules, Wenhan Guo 2022 University of Texas at El Paso

Utilizing Computational Methods To Study The Biomolecules, Wenhan Guo

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

COVID-19 is increasingly affecting human health and global economy. Understanding the fundamental mechanisms of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is highly demanded to develop treatments for COVID-19. SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 share 92.06% identity in their N protein RBDs' sequences, which results in very similar structures. However, the SARS-CoV-2 is more easily to spread. Utilizing multi-scale computational approaches, this work studied the fundamental mechanisms of the nucleocapsid (N) proteins of SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, including their stabilities and binding strengths with RNAs at different pH values. Electrostatic potential on the surfaces of N proteins show that both the N proteins …


Symmetry-Inspired Analysis Of Biological Networks, Ian Leifer 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Symmetry-Inspired Analysis Of Biological Networks, Ian Leifer

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The description of a complex system like gene regulation of a cell or a brain of an animal in terms of the dynamics of each individual element is an insurmountable task due to the complexity of interactions and the scores of associated parameters. Recent decades brought about the description of these systems that employs network models. In such models the entire system is represented by a graph encapsulating a set of independently functioning objects and their interactions. This creates a level of abstraction that makes the analysis of such large scale system possible. Common practice is to draw conclusions about …


Modelling Juxtacrine Mediated Tumor-Fibroblast Interactions In Three-Dimensional Co-Cultures Of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma, Eric Struth 2022 University of Massachusetts Boston

Modelling Juxtacrine Mediated Tumor-Fibroblast Interactions In Three-Dimensional Co-Cultures Of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma, Eric Struth

Graduate Masters Theses

The tumor-microenvironment is a rich and complex milieu of mutated cancer cells and otherwise healthy cells engaged in dynamic interactions. Fibroblasts, the most abundant cellular component of human connective tissues, are implicated in a tumor promoting process known as stromal crosstalk. This stromal crosstalk is driven by numerous signaling pathways including contact mediated juxtacrine signaling and directed long distance paracrine signaling. Recent research suggests these signaling pathways are particularly important for two distinct types of fibroblasts. Mayofibroblastic cancer associated fibroblasts (MyCAFs) are associated with tumor suppression and shown to rely primarily on juxtacrine signaling, while inflammatory cancer associated fibroblasts (iCAFs) …


Mechanisms Of Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel (Nav1.5) Regulation By Intracellular Fgfs, Paweorn Angsutararux 2022 Washington University in St. Louis

Mechanisms Of Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel (Nav1.5) Regulation By Intracellular Fgfs, Paweorn Angsutararux

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Voltage-gated sodium channels (NaV) conduct the inward current responsible for the initiation and propagation of the electrical signals in myocytes and neurons, known as action potentials (AP). Precise regulation of cardiac NaV1.5 opening and closing is essential for maintaining a normal heart beat. A disruption of NaV1.5 function, especially of its inactivation after opening, results in inherited cardiac arrhythmias such as Long QT Type 3 (LQT3) syndrome. This pathology is caused by an increase in the late INa that enters myocytes later in the AP and prolongs its duration. Late INa is also enhanced in acquired diseases such as heart …


Self-Organization Of Microtubule And Associated Protein Map65, Sumon Sahu 2022 Syracuse University

Self-Organization Of Microtubule And Associated Protein Map65, Sumon Sahu

Dissertations - ALL

One of the most fascinating micron-scale structures in the biological world is the cell cytoskele- ton, with numerous components of different sizes, shapes, and geometries working together. How the local interactions of these macromolecules and polymers in nano-scale help self- organize into this higher-order micron-scale structure remains an open question in the field of biophysics. In this thesis, via a minimal two-protein in vitro system containing cytoskeletal fiber microtubule and associated protein MAP65, I try to address self-organization through passive entropic force mechanisms. I use techniques like protein purification, light microscopy, and image analysis to quantify my results. First, I …


Improving The Biocompatibility Of The Bio-Inorganic Interface For Enhanced Photosystem I-Based Biophotovoltaic Device Performance, Alexandra H. Teodor 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Improving The Biocompatibility Of The Bio-Inorganic Interface For Enhanced Photosystem I-Based Biophotovoltaic Device Performance, Alexandra H. Teodor

Doctoral Dissertations

The world’s energy demands are projected to increase by nearly 50% by the year 2040, and consumption of carbon-based fuels continues to release greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere. This has been causally linked with climate change and increased extreme weather events, which has been further linked to adverse health outcomes and negative effects on biodiversity, food security, and increased disease transmission. Clearly, there is a need for a sustainable, carbon-free, and cost-effective method of energy production to meet growing energy production demands. The sun irradiates Earth’s surface annually with ~80,000 terawatts (TW), making solar …


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