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An Exploration Of The Effects Of An Early Postpartum Intravenous Infusion With Carnosic Acid On Physiological Responses Of Transition Dairy Cows, Tainara Michelotti 2021 South Dakota State University

An Exploration Of The Effects Of An Early Postpartum Intravenous Infusion With Carnosic Acid On Physiological Responses Of Transition Dairy Cows, Tainara Michelotti

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The transition period is commonly defined as the last 3 wk before parturition to 3 wk after parturition. It is the most critical stage of the lactation cycle of high-producing dairy cows. The period consists of a complex interplay of metabolic and hormonal adaptations, inflammation, and immune activation. During the transition period, dairy cows commonly face oxidative stress, an underlying factor for dysfunctional immune response and enhanced inflammation, which can further increase the susceptibility of dairy cattle to health disorders and decrease productivity. In the last few decades, there has been an increased interest in studying alternative natural compounds with …


Cattle Industry Funding Scheme Annual Report 2019/2020, Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, Western Australia 2021 Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, Western Australia

Cattle Industry Funding Scheme Annual Report 2019/2020, Department Of Primary Industries And Regional Development, Western Australia

Biosecurity published reports

In June 2010 the Cattle Industry Funding Scheme (IFS) was introduced to address biosecurity threats relevant to the Western Australian (WA) cattle industry. The Scheme was established under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007 to enable cattle producers to identify the pest and disease priorities at a whole-of-industry level and to raise funds for activities to address these priorities.

There are currently three Industry Funding Schemes in operation. In addition to the Cattle IFS, there is a Sheep and Goat IFS and a Grains, Seeds and Hay IFS. The three IFSs operate in a similar manner.

The purpose of …


The Effect Of Concentrate Supplementation On Milk Production And Cow Traffic In Early And Late Lactation In A Pasture-Based Automatic Milking System, John Shortall, Cathriona Foley, Roy D. Sleator, Bernadette O'Brien 2020 Teagasc, Animal & Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland; Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Bishopstown, Co. Cork, Ireland

The Effect Of Concentrate Supplementation On Milk Production And Cow Traffic In Early And Late Lactation In A Pasture-Based Automatic Milking System, John Shortall, Cathriona Foley, Roy D. Sleator, Bernadette O'Brien

Department of Biological Sciences Publications

The objective of this experiment was to establish the effect of low-concentrate (LC) and high-concentrate (HC) supplementation in the early and late periods of lactation on milk production and cow traffic in a pasture-based automatic milking (AM) system. In total, 40 cows (10 primiparous and 30 multiparous) were randomly assigned to one of the two treatments. The experimental periods for the early and late lactation trials extended from 23 February to 12 April 2015 and 31 August to 18 October 2015, respectively (49 days in each trial period). The early lactation supplement levels were 2.3 and 4.4 kg/cow per day …


Nad Metabolism In Male Reproductive Aging, Mirella L. Meyer-FIcca 2020 Utah State University

Nad Metabolism In Male Reproductive Aging, Mirella L. Meyer-Ficca

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Development Of A Grass Measurement Optimisation Tool To Efficiently Measure Herbage Mass On Grazed Pastures, D. J. Murphy, B. O'Brien, Michael D. Murphy 2020 Teagasc, Animal & Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co., Cork, Ireland; Department of Process, Energy & Transport Engineering, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland

Development Of A Grass Measurement Optimisation Tool To Efficiently Measure Herbage Mass On Grazed Pastures, D. J. Murphy, B. O'Brien, Michael D. Murphy

Publications

Accurate and efficient estimation of herbage mass is essential for optimising grass utilisation and increasing profit for pasture farming. There is no definitive sampling protocol for grass measurement on Irish pastures. This paper presents the Grass Measurement Optimisation Tool (GMOT), designed to generate measurement protocols that optimise for time and accuracy. The GMOT was designed in the form of a decision support tool that generates interactive paddock maps that guide the farmer on how to optimally measure their pastures in a random stratified manner based on GPS co-ordinates, resulting in accurate non-biased estimations of mean herbage mass. Rising plate meter …


Memantine Treatment Reduces The Incidence Of Flaccid Paralysis In A Zika Virus Mouse Model Of Temporary Paralysis With Similarities To Guillain-Barré Syndrome, Venkatraman Siddharthan, Hong Wang, Alexandre LR de Oliveria, Xin Dai, John D. Morrey 2020 Utah State University

Memantine Treatment Reduces The Incidence Of Flaccid Paralysis In A Zika Virus Mouse Model Of Temporary Paralysis With Similarities To Guillain-Barré Syndrome, Venkatraman Siddharthan, Hong Wang, Alexandre Lr De Oliveria, Xin Dai, John D. Morrey

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

Clinical evidence suggests that Zika virus contributes to Guillain-Barré syndrome that causes temporary paralysis. We utilized a recently described Zika virus mouse model of temporary flaccid paralysis to address the hypothesis that treatment with an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, memantine, can reduce the incidence of paralysis. Aged interferon alpha/beta-receptor knockout mice were used because of their sublethal susceptibility to Zika virus infection. Fifteen to twenty-five percent of mice infected with a Puerto Rico strain of Zika virus develop acute flaccid paralysis beginning at days 8–9 and peaked at days 10–12. Mice recover from paralysis within a week of onset. In …


Photovoltaic Systems On Dairy Farms: Financial And Renewable Multi-Objective Optimization (Farmoo) Analysis, Michael Breen, J. Upton, Michael D. Murphy 2020 Teagasc, Animal & Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland; Department of Process, Energy & Transport Engineering, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland

Photovoltaic Systems On Dairy Farms: Financial And Renewable Multi-Objective Optimization (Farmoo) Analysis, Michael Breen, J. Upton, Michael D. Murphy

Publications

No abstract provided.


Association Between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms In Sirt1 And Sirt2 Loci And Growth In Tibetan Sheep, Lin-sheng Gui, Sayed Haidar Abbas Raza, Li Zhou, Matthew Garcia, Ayman Hassan Abd El-Aziz, Dawei Wei, Shengzhen Hou, Jianlei Jia, Zhiyou Wang 2020 Qinghai University

Association Between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms In Sirt1 And Sirt2 Loci And Growth In Tibetan Sheep, Lin-Sheng Gui, Sayed Haidar Abbas Raza, Li Zhou, Matthew Garcia, Ayman Hassan Abd El-Aziz, Dawei Wei, Shengzhen Hou, Jianlei Jia, Zhiyou Wang

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

Silent information regulator 1 and 2 (SIRT1, 2) were NAD+-dependent histone or non-histone deacetylase, which emerged as key metabolic sensors in several tissues of mammals. In the present study, the search for polymorphisms within the ovine SIRT1 and SIRT2 loci as well as association analyses between SNPs and growth-related traits were performed in Tibetan sheep. To determine the expression pattern of SIRT1 and SIRT2 genes in Tibetan sheep, the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis revealed that those two genes were widely expressed in diverse tissues. Expression of SIRT1 was less in abomasum of lamb, whereas it …


The Effects Of Different Organic Pastures On Dairy Heifer Growth And Development, Jacob A. Hadfield 2020 Utah State University

The Effects Of Different Organic Pastures On Dairy Heifer Growth And Development, Jacob A. Hadfield

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Spring 1920 to Summer 2023

Raising dairy heifers in a certified organic setting can be difficult for producers. Conventionally, heifers are raised in a confined setting, and fed a total mixed ration (TMR) that is balanced daily to contain all the needed nutrients for developing heifers. Organic producers can use a TMR in their operations, but due to high organic feed costs, many choose to raise their heifers in pasture-based systems. While pasture-based systems may lower costs, heifers on pasture commonly have lower rates of gain, which can be financially burdensome to producers. Grass-legume pastures may help improve rates of gain in heifers on pasture-based …


Characterization Of A Novel Stat 2 Knock Out Hamster Model Of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus Pathogenesis, Charlene Ranadheera, Emelissa J. Valcourt, Bryce M. Warner, Guillaume Poliquin, Kyle Rosenke, Kathy Frost, Kevin Tierney, Greg Saturday, Jinxin Miao, Jonna B. Westover, Brian B. Gowen, Stephanie Booth, Heinz Feldmann, Zhongde Wang, David Safronetz 2020 Public Health Agency of Canada

Characterization Of A Novel Stat 2 Knock Out Hamster Model Of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus Pathogenesis, Charlene Ranadheera, Emelissa J. Valcourt, Bryce M. Warner, Guillaume Poliquin, Kyle Rosenke, Kathy Frost, Kevin Tierney, Greg Saturday, Jinxin Miao, Jonna B. Westover, Brian B. Gowen, Stephanie Booth, Heinz Feldmann, Zhongde Wang, David Safronetz

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is a tick-borne pathogen causing a febrile illness in humans, which can progress to hemorrhagic manifestations, multi-organ failure, and death. Current mouse models of CCHFV infection reliably succumb to virus challenge but vary in their ability to reflect signs of disease similar to humans. In this study, we established a signal transducer and activator of transcription 2 (STAT2) knockout hamster model to expand the repertoire of animal models of CCHFV pathogenesis that can be used for therapeutic development. These hamsters demonstrated a systemic and lethal disease in response to infection. Hallmarks of human …


Raman Spectroscopy Characterization Extracellular Vesicles From Bovine Placenta And Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells, Han Zhang, Ana Caroline Silva, Wei Zhang, Heloisa M. Rutigliano, Anhong Zhou 2020 Utah State University

Raman Spectroscopy Characterization Extracellular Vesicles From Bovine Placenta And Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells, Han Zhang, Ana Caroline Silva, Wei Zhang, Heloisa M. Rutigliano, Anhong Zhou

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

Placenta-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are involved in communication between the placenta and maternal immune cells possibly leading to a modulation of maternal T-cell signaling components. The ability to identify EVs in maternal blood may lead to the development of diagnostic and treatment tools for pregnancy complications. The objective of this work was to differentiate EVs from bovine placenta (trophoblast) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by a label-free, non-invasive Raman spectroscopy technique. Extracellular vesicles were isolated by ultracentrifugation. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were applied to verify the presence and the size distribution of EVs. Raman …


A Survey Of Dairy-Goat Keeping In Zanzibar, Tiffanie Stone, Charles A. Francis, L. O. Eik 2020 Norwegian University of Life Sciences

A Survey Of Dairy-Goat Keeping In Zanzibar, Tiffanie Stone, Charles A. Francis, L. O. Eik

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture: Faculty Publications

Dairy goats with improved genetics for milk production were recently introduced onto small-scale farms in Zanzibar through governmental and non-governmental projects. These projects were meant to support small-scale farmers by improving both income and household nutrition through milk production. No follow up had been conducted to understand what effects dairy goat keeping had on these small-scale farms, or how they could be improved. A survey of 193 dairy goat farmers in Zanzibar was conducted, including 30% and 60% of all dairy goat farmers on Unguja and Pemba, the two largest islands, respectively. The objective was to understand the impact keeping …


Comparison Of In Vitro Inactivation Of Sars Cov-2 With Hydrogen Peroxide And Povidone-Iodine Oral Antiseptic Rinses, Avinash S. Bidra, Jesse S. Pelletier, Jonna B. Westover, Samantha Frank, Seth M. Brown, Belachew Tessema 2020 University of Connecticut Health Center

Comparison Of In Vitro Inactivation Of Sars Cov-2 With Hydrogen Peroxide And Povidone-Iodine Oral Antiseptic Rinses, Avinash S. Bidra, Jesse S. Pelletier, Jonna B. Westover, Samantha Frank, Seth M. Brown, Belachew Tessema

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

Purpose

To evaluate the in vitro inactivation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and povidone‐iodine (PVP‐I) oral antiseptic rinses at clinically recommended concentrations and contact times.

Materials and Methods

SARS‐CoV‐2, USA‐WA1/2020 strain virus stock was prepared prior to testing by growing in Vero 76 cells. The culture media for prepared virus stock was minimum essential medium (MEM) with 2% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 50 µg/mL gentamicin. Test compounds consisting of PVP‐I oral rinse solutions and H2O2 aqueous solutions were mixed directly with the virus solution so that the final concentration was 50% of …


Rapid In-Vitro Inactivation Of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Sars-Cov-2) Using Povidone-Iodine Oral Antiseptic Rinse, Avinash S. Bidra, Jesse S. Pelletier, Jonna B. Westover, Samantha Frank, Seth M. Brown, Belachew Tessema 2020 University of Connecticut Health Center

Rapid In-Vitro Inactivation Of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Sars-Cov-2) Using Povidone-Iodine Oral Antiseptic Rinse, Avinash S. Bidra, Jesse S. Pelletier, Jonna B. Westover, Samantha Frank, Seth M. Brown, Belachew Tessema

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

Purpose

To investigate the optimal contact time and concentration for viricidal activity of oral preparation of povidone‐iodine (PVP‐I) against SARS‐CoV‐2 (‘corona virus’) to mitigate the risk and transmission of the virus in the dental practice.

Materials and Methods

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) USA‐WA1/2020 strain, virus stock was tested against oral antiseptic solutions consisting of aqueous povidone‐iodine (PVP‐I) as the sole active ingredient. The PVP‐I was tested at diluted concentrations of 0.5%, 1%, and 1.5%. Test media without any virus was added to 2 tubes of the compounds to serve as toxicity and neutralization controls. Ethanol (70%) …


Evaluation Of Ruminal Net Wrap Accumulation In Cows Fed Ground Hay, A. A. Harty, K. Grott 2020 South Dakota State University

Evaluation Of Ruminal Net Wrap Accumulation In Cows Fed Ground Hay, A. A. Harty, K. Grott

SDSU Beef Day 2020 Summary Publication

Objective: To determine how rapidly net wrap accumulation occurs in the rumen when hay is ground without net wrap removal.


Maturation And Culture Media Effects On In Vitro Bovine Embryo Developmental Competence, Ciara M. Helland 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Maturation And Culture Media Effects On In Vitro Bovine Embryo Developmental Competence, Ciara M. Helland

Master's Theses

In vitro produced bovine embryos are critical to the cattle industry. However, these embryos have altered morphology, epigenetics, and metabolism when compared to their in vivo counterparts. The aim of this thesis was to alter maturation and culture media to improve the developmental competence of in vitro bovine embryos. This thesis is comprised of three experiments and one proof of concept study. Each experiment followed the same general layout: oocyte aspiration from Jersey or Holstein ovaries, oocyte maturation for 24 hours, fertilization with bull semen for 24 hours, then embryo culture for 7-8 days in 38.5 °C in 5% O …


Development, Characterization, And Application Of Two Reporter-Expressing Recombinant Zika Viruses, Sang-Im Yun, Byung-Hak Song, Michael E. Woolley, Jordan C. Frank, Justin G. Julander, Young-Min Lee 2020 Utah State University

Development, Characterization, And Application Of Two Reporter-Expressing Recombinant Zika Viruses, Sang-Im Yun, Byung-Hak Song, Michael E. Woolley, Jordan C. Frank, Justin G. Julander, Young-Min Lee

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne transplacentally transmissible flavivirus, is an enveloped virus with an ~10.8 kb plus-strand RNA genome that can cause neurological disease. To facilitate the identification of potential antivirals, we developed two reporter-expressing ZIKVs, each capable of expressing an enhanced green fluorescent protein or an improved luminescent NanoLuc luciferase. First, a full-length functional ZIKV cDNA clone was engineered as a bacterial artificial chromosome, with each reporter gene under the cap-independent translational control of a cardiovirus-derived internal ribosome entry site inserted downstream of the single open reading frame of the viral genome. Two reporter-expressing ZIKVs were then generated by …


Influence Of Total Western Diet On Docosahexaenoic Acid Suppression Of Silica-Triggered Lupus Flaring In Nzbwf1 Mice, Kristen N. Gilley, Kathryn A. Wierenga, Preeti S. Chauhaun, James G. Wagner, Ryan P. Lewandowski, Elizbeth A. Ross, A. L. Lock, Jack R. Harkema, Abby D. Benninghoff, James J. Pestka 2020 Michigan State University

Influence Of Total Western Diet On Docosahexaenoic Acid Suppression Of Silica-Triggered Lupus Flaring In Nzbwf1 Mice, Kristen N. Gilley, Kathryn A. Wierenga, Preeti S. Chauhaun, James G. Wagner, Ryan P. Lewandowski, Elizbeth A. Ross, A. L. Lock, Jack R. Harkema, Abby D. Benninghoff, James J. Pestka

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

Lupus is a debilitating multi-organ autoimmune disease clinically typified by periods of flare and remission. Exposing lupus-prone female NZBWF1 mice to crystalline silica (cSiO2), a known human autoimmune trigger, mimics flaring by inducing interferon-related gene (IRG) expression, inflammation, ectopic lymphoid structure (ELS) development, and autoantibody production in the lung that collectively accelerate glomerulonephritis. cSiO2-triggered flaring in this model can be prevented by supplementing mouse diet with the ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). A limitation of previous studies was the use of purified diet that, although optimized for rodent health, does not reflect the …


Investigation Of Rapid Diagnostic Tests For Characterization Of Mycobacterium Avium Complex (Mac) From Various Isolates And Identification Of Virulence Factors Of Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome Virus (Prrsv) In Vitro, Claudia Antonika 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Investigation Of Rapid Diagnostic Tests For Characterization Of Mycobacterium Avium Complex (Mac) From Various Isolates And Identification Of Virulence Factors Of Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome Virus (Prrsv) In Vitro, Claudia Antonika

UCARE Research Products

Chapter 1

Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) has become one of the major problems in public health and livestock. Members of MAC, such as M. avium subsp paratuberculosis (MAP) and M. avium subsp hominissuis (MAH), are responsible for many opportunistic infections and the loss of livestock. MAP is economically significant to the beef and dairy industries because it is the etiologic agent of Johnes’s disease, a chronic and fatal enteritis in ruminants. Tracing the infection sources of MAC could be difficult since it infects many types of hosts in the natural environment. Furthermore, there is less information known about MAP pathogenicity …


From Fields To Factories: The Industrialization Of The United States’ Cattle Industry, Joseph Petersen 2020 Dominican University of California

From Fields To Factories: The Industrialization Of The United States’ Cattle Industry, Joseph Petersen

History | Senior Theses

This paper will look at the changes of the United States of America's cattle and beef industry from the 19th into the 21st century. It will also show how the industry has evolved into its current state and predict the changes to come. This paper will be evaluating how technology and equipment have changed the traditional farming and ranch lifestyles. While also breaking down the economies from pre-industrial times into modern day. This paper will also explore the effect that technology, equipment, ranching styles, labor and financial changes had on the cattle and beef industry. Finally, this paper will prove …


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