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Exploring How Maternal Phosphorus Status Affects Calf Growth And Performance, Elizabeth Lafferty 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Exploring How Maternal Phosphorus Status Affects Calf Growth And Performance, Elizabeth Lafferty

Animal Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study will focus on how maternal phosphorus status of beef heifers affects the growth and performance of their calves. Heifers have been offered free-choice mineral with either 0 or 4% supplemental phosphorus from 30 days after weaning until calving. A study by H. Hilfiker, a University of Arkansas honors student, investigated the effects of these treatments from 30 days after weaning until 60 days after the breeding season when heifers were confirmed to be bred or open. For this developing heifer project 64 crossbred Angus heifers were assigned randomly into 8 groups (8 heifers/ group) before assigning each group ...


Sustainable Winter-Feeding Practices For Meat Goats Within The Southeastern United States, Nikisha Ryan, Nar Gurung, Jeremy Byrant, Frank Abrahamsen, Wendell McElhenney 2021 Tuskegee University

Sustainable Winter-Feeding Practices For Meat Goats Within The Southeastern United States, Nikisha Ryan, Nar Gurung, Jeremy Byrant, Frank Abrahamsen, Wendell Mcelhenney

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Winter feeding systems were evaluated on male Kiko meat goats against the traditional practice of raising goats in the winter months. Forty-Five Kiko bucks were randomly assigned to one of three treatments; Treatment 1, Treatment 2, and Treatment 3 consisted, respectively, of Cosaque Oats, annual Ryegrass, Crimson Clover mix, and 1.0% of BW concentrate supplementation with free choice hay. Forage clippings were analyzed for dry matter, crude protein, and neutral detergent fiber. Body weights were monitored over the grazing period. Blood samples were collected during the experiment, and animals were slaughtered for the evaluation of carcass traits. Data were ...


Young Cattle Producers Conference Develops Leaders In Idaho, Carmen J. Willmore, Meranda Small, Sarah Baker, Jim Church 2021 University of Idaho

Young Cattle Producers Conference Develops Leaders In Idaho, Carmen J. Willmore, Meranda Small, Sarah Baker, Jim Church

Journal of Extension

The need for young leadership in the beef industry has become a rising concern as the average age of primary operators increases. Extension educators developed a leadership conference for beef producers with the primary objective to educate and develop leadership qualities in young cattle producers. To achieve the objective participants, age 18-40 years old, had opportunities to learn all aspects of the industry through presentations, hands-on learning and industry tours. A post-conference survey revealed that participants planned to utilize what they learned and had a better understanding of the beef industry at the conclusion of the program.


Mosaic Agriculture: A Guide To Irrigated Crop And Forage Production In Northern Wa, Geoff A. Moore Mr, Clinton K. Revell Dr, Christopher Schelfhout Dr, Christopher Ham Mr, Samuel Crouch Mr 2021 DPIRD, Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development

Mosaic Agriculture: A Guide To Irrigated Crop And Forage Production In Northern Wa, Geoff A. Moore Mr, Clinton K. Revell Dr, Christopher Schelfhout Dr, Christopher Ham Mr, Samuel Crouch Mr

Bulletins 4000 -

The Bulletin is a comprehensive guide for pastoralists, agronomists, agribusiness and the broader community on the growing of irrigated crops and pastures within a rangeland pastoral setting.

Dispersed irrigation developments on stations throughout the northern rangelands (sometimes referred to as mosaic agriculture) has created opportunities for the introduction of more productive forage species and pastoralists can now grow high quality forage for 12 months of the year. This can help to overcome the key constraint of traditional pastoral systems, the low quality of the feed over the dry season that typically results in stock losing condition.


Sdsu Beef Day 2021 Complete Proceedings, Department of Animal Science, SDSU Extension 2021 South Dakota State University

Sdsu Beef Day 2021 Complete Proceedings, Department Of Animal Science, Sdsu Extension

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

This is the complete proceedings of the South Dakota State University, Department of Animal Science Beef Day 2021. The proceedings contain research presented on the following topics:
Feedlot
Extension
Herd Management
Meat Science and Food Safety


Evaluation Of Kws Hybrid Rye On Growth Performance, Carcass Traits, And Efficiency Of Net Energy Utilization In Finishing Feedlot Steers, Warren Rusche, Julie Walker, Southeast South Dakota Research Farm, Becca Brattain, Zachary Smith 2021 South Dakota State University

Evaluation Of Kws Hybrid Rye On Growth Performance, Carcass Traits, And Efficiency Of Net Energy Utilization In Finishing Feedlot Steers, Warren Rusche, Julie Walker, Southeast South Dakota Research Farm, Becca Brattain, Zachary Smith

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
Our objectives were to determine the effects of hybrid rye inclusion on finishing steer performance and carcass characteristics, and to estimate net energy (NE) value.
Study Description
Predominately Angus steers (n = 240, initial shrunk bodyweight [BW] = 891 ± 40.8 pounds) were used in 117-d finishing experiment. Hybrid rye was used to replace either one-third, two-thirds, or 100% of dry-rolled corn (DRC) resulting in four treatments: [DRC:Rye, DM basis (60:0), (40:20), (20:40), and (0:60)] with six pens per treatment and 10 steers/pen. Performance adjusted NE values were calculated from performance and carcass data. Replacing ...


Effect Of Corn Silage Inclusion Level And Steroidal Implant Type On Growth Performance, Dietary Net Energy Utilization, Beef Production Per Acre And Apparent Total Tract Digestibility In Feedlot Finishing Steers, Elizabeth Buckhaus, Warren Rusche, Zachary Smith 2021 South Dakota State University

Effect Of Corn Silage Inclusion Level And Steroidal Implant Type On Growth Performance, Dietary Net Energy Utilization, Beef Production Per Acre And Apparent Total Tract Digestibility In Feedlot Finishing Steers, Elizabeth Buckhaus, Warren Rusche, Zachary Smith

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
The experimental objective was to determine the influence corn silage inclusion level and terminal implant type have on animal performance, carcass traits, and beef production per acre of cropland in finishing steers harvested at a common fatness endpoint.
Study Description
Maine-Anjou × Angus beef steers (n = 156 steers; initial BW 807 ± 81.9 lbs) were used in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement finishing experiment at the Ruminant Nutrition Center in Brookings, SD. Steers were weighed on 2 consecutive days and assigned into 5 weight blocks. Dietary treatments consisted (DM basis) of 1) 15% (CS15) or 2) 30% corn silage (CS30 ...


Evaluation Of Bacillus Subtilis Pb6 Probiotic (Clostat®500) On Feedlot Phase Growth Performance, Efficiency Of Dietary Net Energy Utilization, And Fecal And Subiliac Lymph Node Salmonella Prevalence In Spring Placement Yearling Beef Steers Fed In Southeastern South Dakota, Zachary K. Smith, P. Rand Broadway, Warren C. Rusche, Julie A. Walker, Keith R. Underwood, Jeri;yn E. Hergenreder 2021 South Dakota State University

Evaluation Of Bacillus Subtilis Pb6 Probiotic (Clostat®500) On Feedlot Phase Growth Performance, Efficiency Of Dietary Net Energy Utilization, And Fecal And Subiliac Lymph Node Salmonella Prevalence In Spring Placement Yearling Beef Steers Fed In Southeastern South Dakota, Zachary K. Smith, P. Rand Broadway, Warren C. Rusche, Julie A. Walker, Keith R. Underwood, Jeri;Yn E. Hergenreder

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
The objective of this research was to determine the influence of Bacillus subtilis PB6 administration had on growth performance, carcass traits, and Salmonella prevalence in yearling steers placed on feed in March in southeastern South Dakota that were not subjected to marketing or environmental stressors during the finishing phase.
Study Description
Yearling crossbred beef steers (N = 238; initial shrunk BW = 886 ± 68.8 lbs) were used in a 140-d finishing study at the Southeast Research Farm (SERF) in Beresford, SD. Steers were allotted to one of 24 pens (N = 9 to 10 steers/pen) and assigned to one of ...


Effects Of Harvest Maturity And/Or Kernel Processing On Corn Silage Processing Score And Particle Size Of Corn Silage, Thomas Hamilton, Julie Walker, Warren Rusche, Zachary Smith 2021 South Dakota State University

Effects Of Harvest Maturity And/Or Kernel Processing On Corn Silage Processing Score And Particle Size Of Corn Silage, Thomas Hamilton, Julie Walker, Warren Rusche, Zachary Smith

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
A single corn hybrid was used to evaluate harvest maturity (Mat) and/or kernel processing (KP) effects on corn silage processing score (CSPS) and particle size (PS).
Study Description
Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial of: 1) Mat (early and late) and 2) KP (no or yes). A single corn field was planted on April 27, 2020. There were 12 loads (experimental unit) per simple effect treatment mean. Data were analyzed as a completely randomized design. Early harvest (3/4 milk line) occurred on August 28, 2020 [yield (as is) = 17.40 tons/acre; DM = 43.1 ...


Estimating The Effects Of Weather, Dry Matter Intake, And Body Weight On Daily Water Intake In Weaned Calves, Zach S. McDaniel, Himali Wickramasinghe, Cody L. Wright, Michael G. Gonda, Zachary K. Smith 2021 South Dakota State University

Estimating The Effects Of Weather, Dry Matter Intake, And Body Weight On Daily Water Intake In Weaned Calves, Zach S. Mcdaniel, Himali Wickramasinghe, Cody L. Wright, Michael G. Gonda, Zachary K. Smith

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
The purpose of this study was to study the effect of weather, dry matter intake, and body weight on the water requirements of weaned calves and estimating the requirements in a model.
Study Description
Weaned steers (n=48) were selected to study the effects of the weather, body weight, and dry matter intake on water intake in the winter (n=24) and summer (n=24) months. Calves were provided with ad libitum access to feed and water at the SDSU Cow-Calf Education and Research Facility (CCERF) and measured utilizing an automated feed and water system (Insentec, The Hague, Netherlands ...


Virtual Feedlot Shortcourse: When Life Hands Out Lemons, Warren Rusche 2021 South Dakota State University, SDSU Extension

Virtual Feedlot Shortcourse: When Life Hands Out Lemons, Warren Rusche

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
The COVID-19 pandemic forced changes in how Extension programming was delivered in 2020. Web-based distance learning tools were used to deliver educational material when it was impractical to use traditional delivery methods. Study Description
The SDSU Extension Feedlot Shortcourse has traditionally been an in-person event with as much opportunity for hands-on learning and demonstrations as possible. The program is offered over a two-day period in August at the SDSU Cow-Calf Education and Research Facility with approximately 30 participants each year, on average. The program addresses feed delivery and mixing, animal health, production technologies, and risk management. However, the events ...


North Central Farm And Ranch Stress Assistance Center: A Comprehensive Needs Assessment In South Dakota, Krista Ehlert, Andrea Bjornestad 2021 South Dakota State University

North Central Farm And Ranch Stress Assistance Center: A Comprehensive Needs Assessment In South Dakota, Krista Ehlert, Andrea Bjornestad

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
The overall objective of this project is to work with mobilized partners to form the North Central Farm and Ranch Stress Assistance Center (NC FRSAC). The NC FRSAC will create and expand stress management and mental health resources and services to agricultural producers, advocates and stakeholders who support agricultural producers. This project is led by the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. South Dakota State University is one of the partners and our supporting objective is to establish a state-wide task force to develop an assistance network, conduct a comprehensive needs assessment, develop and implement educational workshops to producers and their ...


Developing Web Application Tools To Support Beef Cattle Production, Jameson Brennan, Krista Ehlert 2021 South Dakota State University

Developing Web Application Tools To Support Beef Cattle Production, Jameson Brennan, Krista Ehlert

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
The objective of this project was to demonstrate the development of web-based applications to help producers gather and utilize data to make more informed management decisions for their operation.


Vaccinating The Young Calf With A Parenteral Adjuvanted Vaccine To Develop A Protective Brsv Iga Nasal Response, Karim W. Abdelsalam, Elizabeth A. Kolb, Robin E. Buterbaugh, Carol L. Rinehart, Douglas Ensley, George A. Perry, Christopher C.L. Chase 2021 South Dakota State University

Vaccinating The Young Calf With A Parenteral Adjuvanted Vaccine To Develop A Protective Brsv Iga Nasal Response, Karim W. Abdelsalam, Elizabeth A. Kolb, Robin E. Buterbaugh, Carol L. Rinehart, Douglas Ensley, George A. Perry, Christopher C.L. Chase

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an adjuvanted modified live virus (MLV) vaccine in the presence of well-defined maternal passive immunity.
Study Description
Calves were vaccinated at approximately 1 month of age and challenged ~90 days later when BRSV systemic antibodies were less than 1:4. Clinical signs, nasal secretions and blood samples for virus measurement [polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and virus isolation (VI)] and to measure for mucosal BRSV IgA antibodies were collected and the animals were euthanized and necropsied 8 days post infection. Body temperature and other clinical signs were lower at ...


Interactions Of Change In Nutrition After Ai On Plasma Metabolites, Steroid Hormone Production, And Uterine Environment, Taylor N. Andrews, Kaitlin M. Epperson, Jerica J.J. Rich, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Adalaide C. Kline, Lacey K. Quail, Abigail L. Zezeski, Thomas W. Geary, Julie A. Walker, George A. Perry 2021 South Dakota State University

Interactions Of Change In Nutrition After Ai On Plasma Metabolites, Steroid Hormone Production, And Uterine Environment, Taylor N. Andrews, Kaitlin M. Epperson, Jerica J.J. Rich, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Adalaide C. Kline, Lacey K. Quail, Abigail L. Zezeski, Thomas W. Geary, Julie A. Walker, George A. Perry

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
The objective was to evaluate the impact of nutritional changes post artificial insemination (AI) on plasma metabolites, steroid hormones, and uterine environment.
Study Description
Beef heifers (n = 43) were randomly assigned to two dietary treatment groups (High = 161.5% or Low = 77.5% of maintenance energy) for 14 d after AI (post-AI). Post-AI dietary treatments continued until uteri were flushed for embryo recovery (d 14 post-AI). Blood samples were collected on d -3, 0 (day of AI), 3, 6, 9, 12, and 14 for analysis of plasma glucose, proteins, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs), and cholesterol using colorimetric assays. Plasma ...


Use Of Pregnancy Associated Glycoproteins To Determine Fetal Age Throughout Gestation In Cattle, Adalaide C. Kline, Kaitlin M. Epperson, Jerica J.J. Rich, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Taylor N. Andrews, Lacey K. Quail, Jim R. Rhoades, George A. Perry 2021 South Dakota State University

Use Of Pregnancy Associated Glycoproteins To Determine Fetal Age Throughout Gestation In Cattle, Adalaide C. Kline, Kaitlin M. Epperson, Jerica J.J. Rich, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Taylor N. Andrews, Lacey K. Quail, Jim R. Rhoades, George A. Perry

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
The objective of the current study was to determine if a commercially available blood pregnancy test could be modified to detect differences in pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) concentrations to indicate stage of pregnancy or fetal age in cattle.
Study Description
Previously identified pregnant females were grouped by age (pre-primiparous or multiparous). Blood samples were collected between day 27 and 190 of pregnancy (n = 176 from pre-primiparous and n = 240 from multiparous) and serum was tested in duplicate using a commercially available blood pregnancy test, IDEXX Alertys Pregnancy Test. Procedures were adapted to allow concentrations to fall within the detectible range ...


The Presence Of Persistent Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus Infection And A Novel Bosavirus In A Bison Herd, Ben M. Hause, Julia F. Ridpath, Angela E. Pillatzki, Tom Bragg, Christopher C.L. Chase 2021 South Dakota State University

The Presence Of Persistent Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus Infection And A Novel Bosavirus In A Bison Herd, Ben M. Hause, Julia F. Ridpath, Angela E. Pillatzki, Tom Bragg, Christopher C.L. Chase

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a significant pathogen of cattle, leading to losses due to reproductive failure, respiratory disease and immune dysregulation. An investigation was conducted in an American bison (Bison bison) herd dealing with reproductive issues in 2018-2019 calving season to determine likely cause of the losses.


Prevalence Of Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus Subspecies Among Persistently Infected Samples From Cattle In The United States, Jessie Vallejo, Travis Clement, Matthew Dammen, Christopher C.L. Chase 2021 South Dakota State University

Prevalence Of Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus Subspecies Among Persistently Infected Samples From Cattle In The United States, Jessie Vallejo, Travis Clement, Matthew Dammen, Christopher C.L. Chase

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective:
The focus of this survey was to determine the prevalence of BVDV subspecies in the United States.


Comparison Of Winter Cow Feeding Strategies On Offspring Carcass Characteristics And Meat Quality, Erin Gubbels, Christopher Schauer, Don Stecher, Donny Drolc, Robin Salverson, Adele Harty, Warren Rusche, Cody Wright, Kristi Cammack, Zachary Smith, J. Kyle Grubbs, Keith Underwood, Janna Block, Kenneth Olson, Amanda Blair 2021 South Dakota State University

Comparison Of Winter Cow Feeding Strategies On Offspring Carcass Characteristics And Meat Quality, Erin Gubbels, Christopher Schauer, Don Stecher, Donny Drolc, Robin Salverson, Adele Harty, Warren Rusche, Cody Wright, Kristi Cammack, Zachary Smith, J. Kyle Grubbs, Keith Underwood, Janna Block, Kenneth Olson, Amanda Blair

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
The objective of this research was to investigate effects of maternal prepartum dietary energy source (forage vs. concentrate) during mid and late gestation on carcass composition, and meat quality of offspring.
Study Description
Angus-based cows from 2 sources [n = 129 from SDSU (Experiment 1) and n = 70 from North Dakota State University (Experiment 2)] were stratified by body weight and age and placed into two treatment groups at a drylot facility during mid- and late-gestation: Concentrate (dams fed a concentrate-based diet) or Forage (dams fed a forage-based diet). Calves were finished and carcass data was collected. Striploins were collected ...


Influence Of Beef Carcass Chilling Rate On Steak Case Life And Quality Traits, Trevor C. DeHaan, Amanda D. Blair, Judson K. Grubbs, Keith R. Underwood 2021 South Dakota State University

Influence Of Beef Carcass Chilling Rate On Steak Case Life And Quality Traits, Trevor C. Dehaan, Amanda D. Blair, Judson K. Grubbs, Keith R. Underwood

SDSU Beef Day 2021 Summary Publication

Objective
To determine if beef carcass weight influences chilling rate, pH decline, beef color, case life and tenderness of steaks from the round, loin, rib and chuck.


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