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Amjambo Africa! (July 2020), Kathreen Harrison 2020 University of Southern Maine

Amjambo Africa! (July 2020), Kathreen Harrison

Amjambo Africa!

In This Issue...

Publisher’s Editorial ....................p. 4

Translations French ...................................... p.5

Swahili...................................... p.6

Somali ....................................... p.7

Kinyarwanda ..........................p.18

Portuguese .............................p.19

News from Africa ........................p. 8

Business, Economics & Financial Literacy...................p. 10

World Market Basket ..........p. 12/13

Legislative Update ......p 17/20/21/9

Community News......................p. 16

Columns..............................................

About hair .................................p. 20

Hope House ..............................p. 19

Safe Healthcare .........................p. 21


Inkatha, Propaganda, And Violence In Kwazulu-Natal In The 1980s And 90s, Michael MacInnes 2020 Chapman University

Inkatha, Propaganda, And Violence In Kwazulu-Natal In The 1980s And 90s, Michael Macinnes

Voces Novae

In 1980s and 1990s, Apartheid was entering its twilight in South Africa but a state of low density civil war existed in the province of KwaZulu-Natal between the African National Congress/United Democratic Front and Inkatha. This paper seeks to come to a better understanding of the violence of this time period and in this region by exploring the factors that motivated individual Inkatha supporters to engage in violence. The motivation factors discussed in this paper are Political Propaganda, Coercion, and Opportunistic Violence.


Freedom’S Paradoxes: A Case Study Of The Slave Schooner Julita, Lucy Wickstrom 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Freedom’S Paradoxes: A Case Study Of The Slave Schooner Julita, Lucy Wickstrom

The Forum: Journal of History

After Great Britain abolished the slave trade in 1807, the British Royal Navy committed one-fifth of its manpower to the cause of capturing other nations’ illegal slave ships. This effort to enforce abolition liberated 250,000 displaced Africans over the course of the nineteenth century and brought the crews that had carried them before officials to have their cases tried. Because of the careful documentation of these cases by the Mixed Commissions, there is a wealth of primary sources detailing the circumstances of these captures and the human beings claimed as cargo. This paper utilizes a case study of one ...


Amjambo Africa! (June 2020), Kathreen Harrison 2020 University of Southern Maine

Amjambo Africa! (June 2020), Kathreen Harrison

Amjambo Africa!

In This Issue...

Ramadan 2020.............................p. 2

Introducing Africa News editor.p. 5

Pious Ali .......................................p. 6

Banyamulenge .............................p. 8

L/A Food needs ...........................p. 9


A Cultural History Of Black Musicians In Renaissance Europe, 1500-1700, Jamar Taylor 2020 Portland State University

A Cultural History Of Black Musicians In Renaissance Europe, 1500-1700, Jamar Taylor

University Honors Theses

This research project concerning Black Africans in Renaissance Europe is predicated on including Africans into a global history they have largely been excluded from, even though there is ample evidence that proves their cultural influence, in this case, with music. Culture is inextricably linked to the politics of the time. European societies were highly hierarchical, so nothing was approved without the blessing of the elites. In almost every strata of the social hierarchy, music is an important component, from military exhibitions to court and formal events to informal social gatherings. In some European societies, musicians were employed as government officials ...


Time Machine Research And Approach, Tarek Bouraque 2020 CUNY Hunter College

Time Machine Research And Approach, Tarek Bouraque

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Time Machine is a hybrid documentary that explores the logics of enslavement, colonialism, eurocentrism and their interconnectedness in our globalized world. Mustapha Azemmouri, born in 1502, undertakes a journey to the 21st century to recount his own story of enslavement and exploration, and reflects on a collective puzzle of 500 years of hidden history.


Adventism In East Africa: Were The Initial Mission Strategies Effective?, Christopher R. Mwashinga 2020 Andrews University

Adventism In East Africa: Were The Initial Mission Strategies Effective?, Christopher R. Mwashinga

Andrews University Seminary Student Journal

The Seventh-day Adventist Church (SDA) is one of the fastest-growing Christian denominations in the world. Studies show that the SDA Church in Africa in general and East Africa, in particular, has recorded tremendous growth since it was introduced in the region in the early 1900s. This article surveys the first fifty years of the beginning and development of the SDA Church in East African (1903–1953). It focuses on the three initial mission strategies employed by early Adventist missionaries to East Africa, including education, medical care, and publishing work. Early Adventist missionaries to East Africa established educational and medical institutions ...


Agency, Identity, And Authority In Rwanda: 1950s Political Rhetoric As A Bridge To Post-Colonial Genocide, Amanda E. Rollinson 2020 Duquesne University

Agency, Identity, And Authority In Rwanda: 1950s Political Rhetoric As A Bridge To Post-Colonial Genocide, Amanda E. Rollinson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

During the Rwandan genocide, Hutu targeted Tutsi and allies. Interpreting this complex event requires examining the late 1950s. Analyzing Tutsi and Hutu in central Rwanda in 1957 improves understanding of political and social context preceding the genocide. This study rejects that the genocide occurred as an inevitable event. Instead, it layers domestic actors with international groups: the White Fathers missionaries; the United Nations; Belgium; and the United States. Analyzing each group and synthesizing their interactions elevates Rwanda’s history from the falsehood of ancient adversaries to a complex, modern narrative. Studying Rwandan rhetoric and responses to it provides an opportunity ...


Amjambo Africa! (May 2020), Kathreen Harrison 2020 University of Southern Maine

Amjambo Africa! (May 2020), Kathreen Harrison

Amjambo Africa!

In This Issue...

Legacy of artist & scholar David Driskell...........................p. 2

Navigating COVID-19.................p. 3

US/Canada Border Crossing.......p. 5

Evictions & Rental Assistance.....p. 6

Virtual commemoration .............p. 8

COVID-19 and youth..................p. 9

Unemployment Insurance..........p. 9

Legislation: Stimulus.................p. 11

Preventing a second spike .......p. 19

Food resource listing...........p. 20/21


I Hear You Now, I See You Then, Quinn Hunter 2020 Ohio University

I Hear You Now, I See You Then, Quinn Hunter

Art + Design Masters Theses

In the research driven project I Hear You Now, I See You Then, I refer to the contemporary and historical erasure of the labor of African American women using research gathered from the southern plantation economy to create an art installation. The objects in this installation are primarily made with artificial hair integrations and utilizing labor intensive methods that are similar to those used to install the hair on the Black body. The objects I make reference the luxury items in the domestic spaces of historic plantation sites that have been re-branded to be used in the wedding /tourism industry ...


An Actor's Process In Bridging The Gap Between First-Generation And Multi-Generational African-American Identities., Mutiyat Ade-Salu 2020 University of Louisville

An Actor's Process In Bridging The Gap Between First-Generation And Multi-Generational African-American Identities., Mutiyat Ade-Salu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis reflects my process assimilating into the role of Chelle in the production of Detroit '67 at the University of Louisville. Although there have been instances of actors crossing lines of gender, nationality, race, and even sexuality, to perform roles in contemporary theatre, discussion about generational differences is almost non-existent. Through historical research, first-hand interviews, and conventional acting methods, I explore the world of my role, searching for spirituality, authenticity, and identity. Additionally, I explain my use of The WAY Method ®, a process I began creating in 2014 to help actors be clear with who they are before empathizing ...


On Guilds And Statecraft, Matthew Waldschmidt 2020 Susquehanna University

On Guilds And Statecraft, Matthew Waldschmidt

Senior Scholars Day

No abstract provided.


African History, Western Perceptions, Development, And Travel In Kenya, Moriah Schnose 2020 CSUSB

African History, Western Perceptions, Development, And Travel In Kenya, Moriah Schnose

History in the Making

No abstract provided.


Amjambo Africa! (April 2020), Kathreen Harrison 2020 University of Southern Maine

Amjambo Africa! (April 2020), Kathreen Harrison

Amjambo Africa!

In This Issue...

ILAP on TPS for Somalia.............p. 2

From Camden to Portland........p. 10

Cultivating Community............p. 14

Amjambo Africa for Teachers..p. 15

FAQ about COVID-19..............p. 16

Food Resources ...................p. 20/21

Miss Muslimah 2020 .................p. 22

US-Canada border crossings ...p. 22


Cameroon’S Relations Toward Nigeria: A Foreign Policy Of Pragmatism, Julius A. Amin 2020 University of Dayton

Cameroon’S Relations Toward Nigeria: A Foreign Policy Of Pragmatism, Julius A. Amin

History Faculty Publications

Existing literature argues that the tactics of Cameroon foreign policy have been conservative, weak and timid. This study refutes that perspective. Based on extensive and previously unused primary sources obtained from Cameroon’s Ministry of External Relations and from the nation’s archives in Buea and Yaoundé, this study argues that Cameroon’s foreign policy was neither timid nor makeshift. Its strategy was one of pragmatism. By examining the nation’s policy toward Nigeria in the reunification of Cameroon, the Nigerian civil war, the Bakassi Peninsula crisis and Boko Haram, the study maintains that, while the nation’s policy was ...


Amjambo Africa! (March 2020), Kathreen Harrison 2020 University of Southern Maine

Amjambo Africa! (March 2020), Kathreen Harrison

Amjambo Africa!

In This Issue...

Why participate in the Census ..p. 4

City Announces Expo Grants .....p. 6

Justice for Women.......................p. 9

Fulbright Scholar Escajeda .........p. 9

Portland Adult Ed .....................p. 11

English Classes...........................p. 14

Musician Angelikah Fahray.......p. 19


‘Poised On The Higher Horizon’: Seeing God In The Sahara, Ariela Marcus-Sells 2020 Elon University

‘Poised On The Higher Horizon’: Seeing God In The Sahara, Ariela Marcus-Sells

Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies

This article presents an Arabic transcription and complete English translation of an untitled text – labelled “Khalwa” in the manuscript catalogue - attributed to Sīdī al-Mukhtār al-Kuntī, a Saharan scholar and Sufi teacher of the late-eighteenth century. In the accompanying commentary, I demonstrate how this text draws together two passages in the Qur’ān: the ambiguous visionary encounters of 53:1-18 and Moses’s request to see God in 7:142-143 to argue that, unlike Moses, Muḥammad received a direct vision of God. I further argue that, for Sīdi al-Mukhtār al-Kuntī, the question of seeing God was linked to his concern over ...


Amjambo Africa! (February 2020), Kathreen Harrison 2020 University of Southern Maine

Amjambo Africa! (February 2020), Kathreen Harrison

Amjambo Africa!

In This Issue...

Free English classes in Portland.. p.4

From Jordan to Maine............... p.13

Legislative Update.................... p.16


Review Of Perspectives On West Africa's Ebola Epidemic - Understanding West Africa's Ebola Epidemic: Towards A Political Economy. Edited By Ibrahim Abdullah And Ismail Rashid., Kalala J. Ngalamulume 2020 Bryn Mawr College

Review Of Perspectives On West Africa's Ebola Epidemic - Understanding West Africa's Ebola Epidemic: Towards A Political Economy. Edited By Ibrahim Abdullah And Ismail Rashid., Kalala J. Ngalamulume

History Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Fruit Of The Spirit: An Investigation Of How French Colonialism Trans-Nationally Created The Creolized Black Dance In New Orleans, Called Secondline, Through The Lens Of An Original Treme Babydoll., Micah Theodore 2020 Bard College

Fruit Of The Spirit: An Investigation Of How French Colonialism Trans-Nationally Created The Creolized Black Dance In New Orleans, Called Secondline, Through The Lens Of An Original Treme Babydoll., Micah Theodore

Senior Projects Spring 2020

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


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