Picturing A Storm Center In The Far East: Geopolitical Image And Representation Of Korea In Early American Newspaper Visuals, 2021 The University of San Francisco
Picturing A Storm Center In The Far East: Geopolitical Image And Representation Of Korea In Early American Newspaper Visuals, Jihyung Kim
Master's Projects and Capstones
This Capstone Project explores the image and representation of Korea in early modern American newspaper visuals during the period when Korea and the U.S. first began to engage in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The American newspaper visuals, which interact with headlines, captions, and texts, are represented with specific patterns and features in close links to the newspaper's geopolitical discourse production, specifically the “Far Eastern Question,” which was produced by western powers and Japan. The visuals were intended to show Korea as a dangerous and uncivilized place, “a storm center in the Far East.” Such geopolitical ...
Imperial Crossings: Chinese Indentured Migration To Sumatra's East Coast, 1865-1911, 2021 Yale University
Imperial Crossings: Chinese Indentured Migration To Sumatra's East Coast, 1865-1911, Gregory Jany
A 2020-2021 Williams Prize for best essay in East Asian Studies was awarded to Gregory Jany (Jonathan Edwards, '21) for his essay submitted to the Department of History, “Imperial Crossings: Chinese Indentured Migration to Sumatra's East Coast, 1865-1911" (Denise Ho, Assistant Professor of History, advisor).
Gregory Jany’s thesis, “Imperial Crossings: Chinese Indentured Migration to Sumatra's East Coast, 1865-1911,” is elegantly written, deeply researched in multiple archives—British materials, Dutch archives, and Qing documents—and uses several languages beyond English: Bahasa Indonesia, Dutch, Chinese, and Classical Chinese. Grounded in the literatures of the late imperial China, the Chinese ...
The Cnn Effect And State Violence Against Muslim Ethnic Minorities, 2021 University of Puget Sound
The Cnn Effect And State Violence Against Muslim Ethnic Minorities, Sydni Resnick
International Political Economy Theses
The emergence of new technology and mass social media has become a dominant tool for the propaganda machine which cycles baseless fringe opinions through unfettered and relentless iterations providing a false legitimacy to an alternative set of baseless facts that ultimately drives official policies. Specifically, the media is important as it molds public perception and brings global attention to international crises. International crises, such as ethnic cleansings or genocides, are widespread throughout the globe. Throughout history, genocides have been possible by the production of false narratives against specific religious or ethnic minorities. These narratives were promoted and reiterated by national ...
The Impact Of Religion On Chinese Government, Society, And Civilians, 2021 The University of San Francisco
The Impact Of Religion On Chinese Government, Society, And Civilians, Liyan Tang
Master's Projects and Capstones
This research project analyzes the importance of religion in Chinese society from ancient to contemporary times and how the role of religion has changed throughout history. The Cultural Revolution had a major impact on the perception and use of religion in Chinese society, and the effects still exist in the present day. In order to explore how religion functions in these specific time periods, this research examines various secondary sources, which include scholarly articles and interpretations. Moreover, primary sources, which include official documents of the government and news articles, show how the Chinese government and the citizens have diverse points ...
Mechanisms Of Biases And Cultural Literacy In International Language Education: One Such Story To Carry, 2021 University of Washington Tacoma
Mechanisms Of Biases And Cultural Literacy In International Language Education: One Such Story To Carry, Yukari Birkett
Ed.D. Dissertations in Practice
Despite equity and inclusion initiatives, the English based colonial model has permeated the kindergarten to college systems, teaching/learning, theories and methods, the perception of second language acquisition, multiculturalism, and language education (Knowles et al., 2015; Macedo, 2019; Phillips & Abbot, 2011; Battiste, 2013). Additionally, cognitive neuroscientific discoveries of the complexity of language learning, emotional intelligence, and cultural literacy systematically failed to reach educators. Few studies have focused on what factors impact on cultural biases of foreign language learners, or what factors in learning facilitate the dismantling of durable biases. What are the hidden agendas for teaching and learning foreign languages? For Japanese ...
A Distinction Without A Difference: Vietnam, Sir Robert Thompson, And The Policing Failures Of Vietnam, 2021 University of North Carolina- Wilmington
A Distinction Without A Difference: Vietnam, Sir Robert Thompson, And The Policing Failures Of Vietnam, Mark J. Rothermel
Madison Historical Review
The scholarship analyzing the failure of the American involvement in Vietnam began even before the war finished. Whether the Orthodox School which considered the war unwinnable or the revisionist which argued there was a path to victory for the Americans, there have been libraries of tomes arguing who or what was to blame for the American defeat. An increased amount of scholarship recently has been written regarding the influence of British officer Sir Robert Thompson and his attempt to advise both the South Vietnamese and American war efforts.
Thompson, who gained fame as one of the key leaders for the ...
The Infinite Crisis: How The American Comic Book Has Been Shaped By War, 2021 Chapman University
The Infinite Crisis: How The American Comic Book Has Been Shaped By War, Winston Andrus
War and Society (MA) Theses
This thesis project argues that war has been the greatest catalyst for the American comic book medium to become a socio-political change agent within western society. Comic books have become one of the most pervasive influences to global popular culture, with superheroes dominating nearly every popular art form. Yet, the academic world has often ignored the comic book medium as a niche market instead of integrated into the broader discussions on cultural production and conflict studies. This paper intends to bridge the gap between what has been classified as comic book studies and the greater academic world to demonstrate the ...
The Third Plague Pandemic And British India: A Transformation Of Science, Policy, And Indian Society, 2021 Harding University
The Third Plague Pandemic And British India: A Transformation Of Science, Policy, And Indian Society, Rebecca L. Burrows
Tenor of Our Times
This paper seeks to understand the role of the Third Plague Pandemic's overwhelming devastation in colonial India, specifically through the new advancements in scientific understanding, unheard of proactive prevention measures, and increased separation between the colonial powers of Great Britain and the common people of India.
Pacification Gone Awry: The U.S Failure To Underpin Hearts And Minds In South Vietnam, 1966–1968, 2021 Whitworth University
Pacification Gone Awry: The U.S Failure To Underpin Hearts And Minds In South Vietnam, 1966–1968, Simon Mai
Phi Alpha Theta Pacific Northwest Regional Conference
Abstract: Throughout the escalation of American involvement in Vietnam from 1964 – 1968, one key strategy focused on pacification – the winning of the allegiance of South Vietnamese civilians to the Saigon-based Government of Vietnam (GVN). This paper will argue that American/GVN implementation of pacification programs at the provincial and village level revealed three fundamental factors that proved fatal and counterproductive. These factors were the political and social entrenchment of the Viet Cong or National Liberation Front (NLF), the provincial cronyism and corruption of GVN, and the indiscriminate application of American firepower in support of General William Westmoreland’s strategy of ...
Can’T Bear It! Employing Culturally Sensitive Initiatives To Reduce Bear Bile Demand In Northern Vietnam, 2021 Harvey Mudd College
Can’T Bear It! Employing Culturally Sensitive Initiatives To Reduce Bear Bile Demand In Northern Vietnam, Alicia Ngo, Shannon Randolph
Over the past 30 years, the combination of over-hunting, habitat loss, and increased bear bile demand has caused significant declines in Asiatic black bear (aka moon bear; Ursus thibetanus) and sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) populations. In Eastern medicine, bear bile is extracted from the gallbladders of bears and is then used to treat a wide range of inflammatory, liver, and degenerative ailments. However, the use of bear bile has had significant impacts on bear populations. Given that communities in Northern Vietnam have a lengthy history of using bear bile and bear bile is easily accessible, merely advocating for wildlife conservation ...
The Significance Of Oomoto: Why Imperialization Of Japan Led To An Alternative Religion, 2021 Eastern Washington University
The Significance Of Oomoto: Why Imperialization Of Japan Led To An Alternative Religion, Chancellor T. Jenniges
Phi Alpha Theta Pacific Northwest Regional Conference
Abstract: In 1852 Admiral Matthew Perry led an American fleet to Japan and persuaded the Japanese to modernize. Fearful of being colonized by the West, like the Chinese, the Japanese moved to westernize their own economy and society. As a result, they outlawed many historic customs. Japan began to westernize their customs and define religion. Three categories were established, religion, non-religion, and superstition. Any ideology or practice that no longer benefited their goals of westernization was deemed superstitious and removed from the narrative. However, these developments met opposition. One such opponent, Ueda Kisaburō, created an alternative religion called Oomoto in ...
Carpets As Signifiers Of Historical Change: The Azerbaijani Carpet Industry From The Mid-Nineteenth To Late Twentieth Century, 2021 University of South Carolina - Columbia
Carpets As Signifiers Of Historical Change: The Azerbaijani Carpet Industry From The Mid-Nineteenth To Late Twentieth Century, Jill Boggs
The Azerbaijani carpet industry, long recognized as an important piece of Azerbaijan’s cultural heritage, transformed dramatically between the mid-nineteenth and twentieth centuries in response to political, economic, and social changes that took place under the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. During this period, the carpet industry began to use modern weaving techniques and materials, favored factory production over traditional hand-woven designs, and created pieces for exportation rather than personal or community use. These developments contribute to two historical schools that view the Soviet Union as either a prison of nations, stifling non-Russian cultures, or a nursery of ethnic ...
Emergence Of Entrepreneurship In Transjordan During The Late Ottoman Empire, 2021 Andrews University
Emergence Of Entrepreneurship In Transjordan During The Late Ottoman Empire, Lily D. Burke
Honors Scholars & Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium Programs
How did Ottoman policies influence the emergence of entrepreneurship among elites in Transjordan from circa 1850-1914? During the late Ottoman period, there was an economic transition from subsistence farming and herding to the development of large-scale, for-profit farms, privately owned by elites. The current study hypothesized Ottoman government policy prioritizing cash crop farming over subsistence farming and nomadic living created conditions that allowed elites in Jordan to develop entrepreneurship. To measure my dependent variable, entrepreneurship, I adapted Rostow’s Stages of Economic Development. To track my independent variable, Ottoman influence, I created a scale. From the thematic analysis of two ...
Black Gold, White Gold, And The Bear's Influence Over Central Asian Economies, 2021 Portland State University
Black Gold, White Gold, And The Bear's Influence Over Central Asian Economies, Jennifer Leo
University Honors Theses
In examining the socioeconomic state of former Soviet republics in Central Asia, it becomes clear that the current economies of nations such as Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan have been shaped by a history of Russian dominance, followed by turbulent developments that took place during the “perestroika” and post-independence period. These periods were marked by significant changes in governance which allowed Central Asian nations to gain inclusion in the global economy, forge partnerships with economically thriving world superpowers (US and China), and emerge from the Soviet system of mono-product economies. As a result of such developments, former republics of the Soviet ...
Translating Faith And Philosophy: The Engagement Of The Jesuit Strategy Of Accommodation In Chinese Syncretic And Anti-Heterodox Traditions And The Reception Of Chinese Ideas In Europe, 2021 University of Puget Sound
Translating Faith And Philosophy: The Engagement Of The Jesuit Strategy Of Accommodation In Chinese Syncretic And Anti-Heterodox Traditions And The Reception Of Chinese Ideas In Europe, Finn Kearney
This paper attempts to expand on the scholarship surrounding the Jesuit strategy of cultural accommodation in China by Father Matteo Ricci by examining the influence of Chinese intellectual traditions on its inception and development. It incorporates the works of Zhu Xi, Matteo Ricci, and Philippe Couplet among others to establish a connection between the native Chinese traditions of syncretism and anti-heterodox scholarship, the process of cultural exchange between the Jesuits and the Chinese literati, and the translation and transmission of Chinese ideas to Europe in the late 16th and 17th centuries. This paper also uses this common thread to explain ...
“Devonu Lug’Otit Turk” As A Great Source Of Views On Folk Pedagogy, 2021 Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialized Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan
“Devonu Lug’Otit Turk” As A Great Source Of Views On Folk Pedagogy, Bakhodir Kuchkarov
Mental Enlightenment Scientific-Methodological Journal
There is no nation in the world that has not created masterpieces of wisdom and has not kept them in its heart and language for centuries. The great thinker and encyclopedist Mahmud Kashgari traveled to the country to study the life, customs, language and art of the Turkic peoples, especially the various tribes and clans, in order to write “Devoni lug`otit turk’’. In “Devoni lug`otit turk’’ there are about three hundred poems, folk proverbs, wise sayings, which the author used as an exhibition in interpreting the lexical meaning of words. The spiritual legacy of Mahmud Kashgari is the ...
Utkir Hoshimov's Artistic Interpretation Of Spiritual And Moral Problems In Comic Stories, 2021 Jizzakh State Pedagogical Institute
Utkir Hoshimov's Artistic Interpretation Of Spiritual And Moral Problems In Comic Stories, Shukrullo Jurayev
Mental Enlightenment Scientific-Methodological Journal
The article reveals the spiritual and moral aspects of Utkir Hoshimov's humorous stories, as well as the inner experiences of the heroes in the humorous stories and the flaws in the spiritual world. Defining the role and significance of the creative work of Utkir Hoshimov, the artistic depiction of the issues of the period and the person, as well as the main stages of development of the author's skill in this regard. The author's comic stories are a scientific study of the peculiarities of the nation's way of life and the process of its creation in ...
Library Sources Available On Pre-Islamic Religious Traditions Of The Eastern Hindu Kush And On Shamanism Among The Kalasha People, 2021 Department of History & Pakistan Studies University of Gujrat, Pakistan.
Library Sources Available On Pre-Islamic Religious Traditions Of The Eastern Hindu Kush And On Shamanism Among The Kalasha People, Dr. Muhammad Kashif Ali, Dr. Ghulam Shabbir, Prof. Dr. Muhammad Iqbal Chawla
Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)
The shamanism is the oldest cult of human being, in Pakistan the Kalasha are the sole people in the (eastern) Hindu Kush region who have the tradition of shamanism alive though at the last breath. The Kalasha are Indo-Aryan people of Dardic branch and their religion has similarities with the religion of Vedic period. Shaman or dehar is one of the most significant institutions of the community and is the most spiritual in nature. However, for some decades the shamanism due to multiple reasons is towards the decline; impurity is the key reason. Though the Kalasha people does not have ...
Full Issue: Volume 2, Issue 1, 2021 Swarthmore College
Full Issue: Volume 2, Issue 1, Editorial Board
Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal
The first issue in the second volume of the Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal.
Mob Ideology Or Democracy: Analyzing Taiping Rebellion’S Defeat And Revolution Of 1911’S Triumph In Ending The Qing Dynasty, Bincheng Mao
Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal
This paper investigates the underlying factors that caused the Qing Dynasty of China to survive the Taiping Rebellion yet crumbled upon the Revolution of 1911. It first examines the ideological differences between the two attempts of regime change, followed by an exploration into the extent of foreign interference in determining the outcomes of the two events. Subsequently, the author analyzes the conflict between the constitutionalists and the absolute monarchists within the Qing court during the time of the Revolution in 1911. Ultimately, this paper concludes that the Qing dynasty survived the Taiping Rebellion yet crumbled upon the Xinhai Revolution because ...