Umsl Faculty Expertise, 2018 Selected Works

#### Umsl Faculty Expertise

*Adrian Clingher*

Calculating The Cohomology Of A Lie Algebra Using Maple And The Serre Hochschild Spectral Sequence, 2018 Utah State University

#### Calculating The Cohomology Of A Lie Algebra Using Maple And The Serre Hochschild Spectral Sequence, Jacob Kullberg

*All Graduate Plan B and other Reports*

Lie algebra cohomology is an important tool in many branches of mathematics. It is used in the Topology of homogeneous spaces, Deformation theory, and Extension theory. There exists extensive theory for calculating the cohomology of semi simple Lie algebras, but more tools are needed for calculating the cohomology of general Lie algebras. To calculate the cohomology of general Lie algebras, I used the symbolic software program called Maple. I wrote software to calculate the cohomology in several different ways. I wrote several programs to calculate the cohomology directly. This proved to be computationally expensive as the number of differential forms ...

The Influence Of Canalization On The Robustness Of Finite Dynamical Systems, 2018 Illinois State University

#### The Influence Of Canalization On The Robustness Of Finite Dynamical Systems, Claus Kadelka

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Dual Perspectives On Desargues' Theorem, 2018 Ursinus College

Galois Groups Of Differential Equations And Representing Algebraic Sets, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Galois Groups Of Differential Equations And Representing Algebraic Sets, Eli Amzallag

*All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

The algebraic framework for capturing properties of solution sets of differential equations was formally introduced by Ritt and Kolchin. As a parallel to the classical Galois groups of polynomial equations, they devised the notion of a differential Galois group for a linear differential equation. Just as solvability of a polynomial equation by radicals is linked to the equation’s Galois group, so too is the ability to express the solution to a linear differential equation in "closed form" linked to the equation’s differential Galois group. It is thus useful even outside of mathematics to be able to compute and ...

Webwork Problems For Linear Algebra, 2018 University of North Georgia

#### Webwork Problems For Linear Algebra, Hashim Saber, Beata Hebda

*Mathematics Ancillary Materials*

This set of problems for Linear Algebra in the open-source WeBWorK mathematics platform was created under a Round Eleven Mini-Grant for Ancillary Materials Creation. The problems were created for an implementation of the CC-BY Lyrix open textbook A First Course in Linear Algebra. Also included as an additional file are the selected and modified Lyryx Class Notes for the textbook.

Topics covered include:

- Linear Independence
- Linear Transformations
- Matrix of a Transformation
- Isomorphisms
- Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors
- Diagonalization
- Orthogonality

Constructing Surfaces With (1/(K-2)^2)(1,K-3) Singularities, 2018 Lawrence University

#### Constructing Surfaces With (1/(K-2)^2)(1,K-3) Singularities, Liam Patrick Keenan

*Lawrence University Honors Projects*

We develop a procedure to construct complex algebraic surfaces which are stable, minimal, and of general type, possessing a T-singularity of the form (1/(k-2)^{2})(1,k-3).

Mixed Categories Of Sheaves On Toric Varieties, 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

#### Mixed Categories Of Sheaves On Toric Varieties, Sean Michael Taylor

*LSU Doctoral Dissertations*

In [BGS96], Beilinson, Ginzburg, and Soergel introduced the notion of mixed categories. This idea often underlies many interesting "Koszul dualities." In this paper, we produce a mixed derived category of constructible complexes (in the sense of [BGS96]) for any toric variety associated to a fan. Furthermore, we show that it comes equipped with a t-structure whose heart is a mixed version of the category of perverse sheaves. In chapters 2 and 3, we provide the necessary background. Chapter 2 concerns the categorical preliminaries, while chapter 3 gives the background geometry. This concerns both some basics of toric varieties as well ...

The Average Measure Of A K-Dimensional Simplex In An N-Cube, 2018 Missouri State University

#### The Average Measure Of A K-Dimensional Simplex In An N-Cube, John A. Carter

*MSU Graduate Theses*

Within an n-dimensional unit cube, a number of k-dimensional simplices can be formed whose vertices are the vertices of the n-cube. In this thesis, we analyze the average measure of a k-simplex in the n-cube. We develop exact equations for the average measure when k = 1, 2, and 3. Then we generate data for these cases and conjecture that their averages appear to approach n^{k/2} times some constant. Using the convergence of Bernstein polynomials and a k-simplex Bernstein generalization, we prove the conjecture is true for the 1-simplex and 2-simplex cases. We then develop a generalized formula for ...

Determinantal Representations Of Elliptic Curves Via Weierstrass Elliptic Functions, 2018 Soochow University

#### Determinantal Representations Of Elliptic Curves Via Weierstrass Elliptic Functions, Mao-Ting Chien, Hiroshi Nakazato

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

Helton and Vinnikov proved that every hyperbolic ternary form admits a symmetric derminantal representation via Riemann theta functions. In the case the algebraic curve of the hyperbolic ternary form is elliptic, the determinantal representation of the ternary form is formulated by using Weierstrass $\wp$-functions in place of Riemann theta functions. An example of this approach is given.

Dalton State College Apex Calculus, 2018 Dalton State College

#### Dalton State College Apex Calculus, Thomas Gonzalez, Michael Hilgemann, Jason Schmurr

*Mathematics Open Textbooks*

This text for Analytic Geometry and Calculus I, II, and III is a Dalton State College remix of APEX Calculus 3.0. The text was created through a Round Six ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Topics covered in this text include:

- Limits
- Derivatives
- Integration
- Antidifferentiation
- Sequences
- Vectors

Files can also be downloaded on the Dalton State College GitHub:

https://github.com/DaltonStateCollege/calculus-text/blob/master/Calculus.pdf

Analytic Geometry And Calculus I, Ii, & Iii (Dalton), 2018 Dalton State College

#### Analytic Geometry And Calculus I, Ii, & Iii (Dalton), Thomas Gonzalez, Michael Hilgemann, Jason Schmurr

*Mathematics Grants Collections*

This Grants Collection for Analytic Geometry and Calculus I, II, & III was created under a Round Six ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Affordable Learning Georgia Grants Collections are intended to provide faculty with the frameworks to quickly implement or revise the same materials as a Textbook Transformation Grants team, along with the aims and lessons learned from project teams during the implementation process.

Documents are in .pdf format, with a separate .docx (Word) version available for download. Each collection contains the following materials:

- Linked Syllabus
- Initial Proposal
- Final Report

Branching Matrices For The Automorphism Group Lattice Of A Riemann Surface, 2018 Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

#### Branching Matrices For The Automorphism Group Lattice Of A Riemann Surface, Sean A. Broughton

*Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)*

Let *S* be a Riemann surface and *G* a large subgroup of* Aut(S)* (*Aut(S)* may be unknown). We are particularly interested in regular *n*-gonal surfaces, i.e., the quotient surface *S/G* (and hence *S/Aut(S)*) has genus zero. For various *H *the ramification information of the branched coverings *S/K -> S/H* may be captured in a matrix. The ramification information, in particular strong branching, may be then be used in analyzing the structure of *Aut(S)*. The ramification information is conjugation invariant so the matrix's rows and columns may be indexed by conjugacy ...

Schubert Polynomial Multiplication, 2018 Assumption College

#### Schubert Polynomial Multiplication, Sara Amato

*Honors Theses*

Schur polynomials are a fundamental object in the field of algebraic combinatorics. The product of two Schur polynomials can be written as a sum of Schur polynomials using non-negative integer coefficients. A simple combinatorial algorithm for generating these coefficients is called the Littlewood-Richardson Rule. Schubert polynomials are generalizations of the Schur polynomials. Schubert polynomials also appear in many contexts, such as in algebraic combinatorics and algebraic geometry. It is known from algebraic geometry that the product of two Schubert polynomials can be written as a sum of Schubert polynomials using non-negative integer coefficients. However, a simple combinatorial algorithm for generating ...

Framed Sheaves On A Quadric Surface, 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Framed Sheaves On A Quadric Surface, Nguyen Thuc Huy Le

*Doctoral Dissertations*

We study framed sheaves on a smooth quadric surface and conjecture that the moduli of such framed sheaves admits a twistor deformation similar to one studied in the paper "Brill-Noether duality for moduli spaces of sheaves on K3 surfaces" by Markman.

Centroidal Voronoi Tessellations With Few Generator Points, 2018 Bard College

#### Centroidal Voronoi Tessellations With Few Generator Points, Kirill Shakhnovskiy

*Senior Projects Spring 2018*

A Voronoi tessellation with $n$ generator points is the partitioning of a bounded region in $\rr^2$ into polygons such that every point in a given polygon is closer to its generator point than to any other generator point. A centroidal Voronoi tessellation (CVT) is a Voronoi tessellation where each polygon’s generator point is also its center of mass. In this project I will demonstrate what kinds of CVTs can exists within specific parameters, such as a square or rectangular region, and a set number generator points. I will also prove that the examples I present are the only ...

On The Landscape Of Random Tropical Polynomials, 2018 Claremont Colleges

#### On The Landscape Of Random Tropical Polynomials, Christopher Hoyt

*HMC Senior Theses*

Tropical polynomials are similar to classical polynomials, however addition and multiplication are replaced with tropical addition (minimums) and tropical multiplication (addition). Within this new construction, polynomials become piecewise linear curves with interesting behavior. All tropical polynomials are piecewise linear curves, and each linear component uniquely corresponds to a particular monomial. In addition, certain monomial in the tropical polynomial can be trivial due to the fact that tropical addition is the minimum operator. Therefore, it makes sense to consider a graph of connectivity of the monomials for any given tropical polynomial. We investigate tropical polynomials where all coefficients are chosen from ...

Geometric Serendipity, 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Geometric Serendipity, Dakota Becker

*Auctus: The Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Scholarship*

The central focus of my practice is the serendipitous exploration into geometry, symmetry, design, and color. I have found more and more that the affinity I have for hard-edge geometric abstraction is a deeper reflection of the way in which I process my thoughts and surroundings. In the past year, I have sought to challenge myself by questioning the core of my practice and pushing it to go beyond its individual elements. In this way, I seek to create work that is more than its parts. As a result, I have become more purposeful with my designs and push both ...

An Incidence Approach To The Distinct Distances Problem, 2018 Claremont Colleges

#### An Incidence Approach To The Distinct Distances Problem, Bryce Mclaughlin

*HMC Senior Theses*

In 1946, Erdös posed the distinct distances problem, which asks for the minimum number of distinct distances that any set of n points in the real plane must realize. Erdös showed that any point set must realize at least &Omega(n^{1/2}) distances, but could only provide a construction which offered &Omega(n/&radic(log(n)))$ distances. He conjectured that the actual minimum number of distances was &Omega(n^{1-&epsilon}) for any &epsilon > 0, but that sublinear constructions were possible. This lower bound has been improved over the years, but Erdös' conjecture seemed to hold until in 2010 ...

A Journey To The Adic World, 2018 Georgia Southern University

#### A Journey To The Adic World, Fayadh Kadhem

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

The first idea of this research was to study a topic that is related to both Algebra and Topology and explore a tool that connects them together. That was the entrance for me to the “adic world”. What was needed were some important concepts from Algebra and Topology, and so they are treated in the first two chapters.

The reader is assumed to be familiar with Abstract Algebra and Topology, especially with Ring theory and basics of Point-set Topology.

The thesis consists of a motivation and four chapters, the third and the fourth being the main ones. In the third ...