Constructing Surfaces With (1/(K-2)^2)(1,K-3) Singularities, 2018 Lawrence University

#### Constructing Surfaces With (1/(K-2)^2)(1,K-3) Singularities, Liam Patrick Keenan

*Lawrence University Honors Projects*

We develop a procedure to construct complex algebraic surfaces which are stable, minimal, and of general type, possessing a T-singularity of the form (1/(k-2)^{2})(1,k-3).

Mixed Categories Of Sheaves On Toric Varieties, 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

#### Mixed Categories Of Sheaves On Toric Varieties, Sean Michael Taylor

*LSU Doctoral Dissertations*

In [BGS96], Beilinson, Ginzburg, and Soergel introduced the notion of mixed categories. This idea often underlies many interesting "Koszul dualities." In this paper, we produce a mixed derived category of constructible complexes (in the sense of [BGS96]) for any toric variety associated to a fan. Furthermore, we show that it comes equipped with a t-structure whose heart is a mixed version of the category of perverse sheaves. In chapters 2 and 3, we provide the necessary background. Chapter 2 concerns the categorical preliminaries, while chapter 3 gives the background geometry. This concerns both some basics of toric varieties as well ...

Determinantal Representations Of Elliptic Curves Via Weierstrass Elliptic Functions, 2018 Soochow University

#### Determinantal Representations Of Elliptic Curves Via Weierstrass Elliptic Functions, Mao-Ting Chien, Hiroshi Nakazato

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

Helton and Vinnikov proved that every hyperbolic ternary form admits a symmetric derminantal representation via Riemann theta functions. In the case the algebraic curve of the hyperbolic ternary form is elliptic, the determinantal representation of the ternary form is formulated by using Weierstrass $\wp$-functions in place of Riemann theta functions. An example of this approach is given.

Dalton State College Apex Calculus, 2018 Dalton State College

#### Dalton State College Apex Calculus, Thomas Gonzalez, Michael Hilgemann, Jason Schmurr

*Mathematics Open Textbooks*

This text for Analytic Geometry and Calculus I, II, and III is a Dalton State College remix of APEX Calculus 3.0. The text was created through a Round Six ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Topics covered in this text include:

- Limits
- Derivatives
- Integration
- Antidifferentiation
- Sequences
- Vectors

Files can also be downloaded on the Dalton State College GitHub:

https://github.com/DaltonStateCollege/calculus-text/blob/master/Calculus.pdf

Analytic Geometry And Calculus I, Ii, & Iii (Dalton), 2018 Dalton State College

#### Analytic Geometry And Calculus I, Ii, & Iii (Dalton), Thomas Gonzalez, Michael Hilgemann, Jason Schmurr

*Mathematics Grants Collections*

This Grants Collection for Analytic Geometry and Calculus I, II, & III was created under a Round Six ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Affordable Learning Georgia Grants Collections are intended to provide faculty with the frameworks to quickly implement or revise the same materials as a Textbook Transformation Grants team, along with the aims and lessons learned from project teams during the implementation process.

Documents are in .pdf format, with a separate .docx (Word) version available for download. Each collection contains the following materials:

- Linked Syllabus
- Initial Proposal
- Final Report

Branching Matrices For The Automorphism Group Lattice Of A Riemann Surface, 2018 Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

#### Branching Matrices For The Automorphism Group Lattice Of A Riemann Surface, Sean A. Broughton

*Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)*

Let *S* be a Riemann surface and *G* a large subgroup of* Aut(S)* (*Aut(S)* may be unknown). We are particularly interested in regular *n*-gonal surfaces, i.e., the quotient surface *S/G* (and hence *S/Aut(S)*) has genus zero. For various *H *the ramification information of the branched coverings *S/K -> S/H* may be captured in a matrix. The ramification information, in particular strong branching, may be then be used in analyzing the structure of *Aut(S)*. The ramification information is conjugation invariant so the matrix's rows and columns may be indexed by conjugacy ...

Schubert Polynomial Multiplication, 2018 Assumption College

#### Schubert Polynomial Multiplication, Sara Amato

*Honors Theses*

Schur polynomials are a fundamental object in the field of algebraic combinatorics. The product of two Schur polynomials can be written as a sum of Schur polynomials using non-negative integer coefficients. A simple combinatorial algorithm for generating these coefficients is called the Littlewood-Richardson Rule. Schubert polynomials are generalizations of the Schur polynomials. Schubert polynomials also appear in many contexts, such as in algebraic combinatorics and algebraic geometry. It is known from algebraic geometry that the product of two Schubert polynomials can be written as a sum of Schubert polynomials using non-negative integer coefficients. However, a simple combinatorial algorithm for generating ...

Centroidal Voronoi Tessellations With Few Generator Points, 2018 Bard College

#### Centroidal Voronoi Tessellations With Few Generator Points, Kirill Shakhnovskiy

*Senior Projects Spring 2018*

A Voronoi tessellation with $n$ generator points is the partitioning of a bounded region in $\rr^2$ into polygons such that every point in a given polygon is closer to its generator point than to any other generator point. A centroidal Voronoi tessellation (CVT) is a Voronoi tessellation where each polygon’s generator point is also its center of mass. In this project I will demonstrate what kinds of CVTs can exists within specific parameters, such as a square or rectangular region, and a set number generator points. I will also prove that the examples I present are the only ...

Framed Sheaves On A Quadric Surface, 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Framed Sheaves On A Quadric Surface, Nguyen Thuc Huy Le

*Doctoral Dissertations*

We study framed sheaves on a smooth quadric surface and conjecture that the moduli of such framed sheaves admits a twistor deformation similar to one studied in the paper "Brill-Noether duality for moduli spaces of sheaves on K3 surfaces" by Markman.

The Average Measure Of A K-Dimensional Simplex In An N-Cube, 2018 Missouri State University

#### The Average Measure Of A K-Dimensional Simplex In An N-Cube, John A. Carter

*MSU Graduate Theses*

Within an n-dimensional unit cube, a number of k-dimensional simplices can be formed whose vertices are the vertices of the n-cube. In this thesis, we analyze the average measure of a k-simplex in the n-cube. We develop exact equations for the average measure when k = 1, 2, and 3. Then we generate data for these cases and conjecture that their averages appear to approach n^{k/2} times some constant. Using the convergence of Bernstein polynomials and a k-simplex Bernstein generalization, we prove the conjecture is true for the 1-simplex and 2-simplex cases. We then develop a generalized formula for ...

Ideal Containments Under Flat Extensions And Interpolation On Linear Systems In P2, 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

#### Ideal Containments Under Flat Extensions And Interpolation On Linear Systems In P2, Solomon Akesseh

*Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research Papers in Mathematics*

Fat points and their ideals have stimulated a lot of research but this dissertation concerns itself with aspects of only two of them, broadly categorized here as, the ideal containments and polynomial interpolation problems.

Ein-Lazarsfeld-Smith and Hochster-Huneke cumulatively showed that for all ideals I in k[**P**^{n}], I^{(mn)} ⊆ I^{m} for all m ∈ N. Over the projective plane, we obtain I^{(4)}< ⊆ I^{2}. Huneke asked whether it was the case that I^{(3)} ⊆ I^{2}. Dumnicki, Szemberg and Tutaj-Gasinska show that if I is the saturated homogeneous radical ideal of the 12 points of the Hesse configuration, then ...

Descartes Comes Out Of The Closet, 2017 Vassar College

#### Descartes Comes Out Of The Closet, Nora E. Culik

*Journal of Humanistic Mathematics*

While “Descartes Comes Out of the Closet” is ostensibly about a young woman’s journey to Paris, the descriptive detail borrows language and images from Cartesian coordinate geometry, dualistic philosophy, neuroanatomy (the pineal), and projections of three dimensions onto planes. This mathematical universe is counterpointed in the natural language of the suppressed love story that locates the real in the human. Thus, at the heart of the story is the tension between competing notions of mathematics, i.e., as either an independent realm apart from history or as a culturally produced and historical set of practices. Of course, the central ...

College Algebra, Trigonometry, And Precalculus (Clayton), 2017 Clayton State University

#### College Algebra, Trigonometry, And Precalculus (Clayton), Chaogui Zhang, Scott Bailey, Billie May, Jelinda Spotorno, Kara Mullen

*Mathematics Grants Collections*

This Grants Collection for College Algebra, Trigonometry, and Precalculus was created under a Round Five ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Affordable Learning Georgia Grants Collections are intended to provide faculty with the frameworks to quickly implement or revise the same materials as a Textbook Transformation Grants team, along with the aims and lessons learned from project teams during the implementation process.

Documents are in .pdf format, with a separate .docx (Word) version available for download. Each collection contains the following materials:

- Linked Syllabus
- Initial Proposal
- Final Report

Counting Rational Points, Integral Points, Fields, And Hypersurfaces, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Counting Rational Points, Integral Points, Fields, And Hypersurfaces, Joseph Gunther

*All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

This thesis comes in four parts, which can be read independently of each other.

In the first chapter, we prove a generalization of Poonen's finite field Bertini theorem, and use this to show that the obvious obstruction to embedding a curve in some smooth surface is the only obstruction over perfect fields, extending a result of Altman and Kleiman. We also prove a conjecture of Vakil and Wood on the asymptotic probability of hypersurface sections having a prescribed number of singularities.

In the second chapter, for a fixed base curve over a finite field of characteristic at least 5 ...

Klein Four Actions On Graphs And Sets, 2017 Gettysburg College

#### Klein Four Actions On Graphs And Sets, Darren B. Glass

*Math Faculty Publications*

We consider how a standard theorem in algebraic geometry relating properties of a curve with a (ℤ/2ℤ)2-action to the properties of its quotients generalizes to results about sets and graphs that admit (ℤ/2ℤ)2-actions.

Cox Processes For Visual Object Counting, 2017 Portland State University

#### Cox Processes For Visual Object Counting, Yongming Ma

*Student Research Symposium*

We present a model that utilizes Cox processes and CNN classifiers in order to count the number of instances of an object in an image. Poisson processes are well suited to events that occur randomly in space, like the location of objects in an image, as well as to the task of counting. Mixed Poisson processes also offer increased flexibility, however they do not easily scale with image size: they typically require O(n3) computation time and O(n2) storage, where n is the number of pixels. To mitigate this problem, we employ Kronecker algebra which takes advantage of the ...

Integrating Non-Euclidean Geometry Into High School, 2017 Loyola Marymount University

#### Integrating Non-Euclidean Geometry Into High School, John Buda

*Honors Thesis*

The purpose of this project is to provide the framework for integrating the study of non-Euclidean geometry into a high school math class in such a way that both aligns with the Common Core State Standards and makes use of research-based practices to enhance the learning of traditional geometry. Traditionally, Euclidean geometry has been the only strand of geometry taught in high schools, even though mathematicians have developed several other strands. The non-Euclidean geometry that I focus on in this project is what is known as taxicab geometry. With the Common Core Standards for Math Practice pushing students to “model ...

Student-Created Test Sheets, 2017 Bowling Green State University

#### Student-Created Test Sheets, Samuel Laderach

*Honors Projects*

Assessment plays a necessary role in the high school mathematics classroom, and testing is a major part of assessment. Students often struggle with mathematics tests and examinations due to math and test anxiety, a lack of student learning, and insufficient and inefficient student preparation. Practice tests, teacher-created review sheets, and student-created test sheets are ways in which teachers can help increase student performance, while ridding these detrimental factors. Student-created test sheets appear to be the most efficient strategy, and this research study examines the effects of their use in a high school mathematics classroom.

On Vector-Valued Automorphic Forms On Bounded Symmetric Domains, 2017 The University of Western Ontario

#### On Vector-Valued Automorphic Forms On Bounded Symmetric Domains, Nadia Alluhaibi

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

The objective of the study is to investigate the behaviour of the inner products of vector-valued Poincare series, for large weight, associated to submanifolds of a quotient of the complex unit ball and how vector-valued automorphic forms could be constructed via Poincare series. In addition, it provides a proof of that vector-valued Poincare series on an irreducible bounded symmetric domain span the space of vector-valued automorphic forms.

Polygons, Pillars And Pavilions: Discovering Connections Between Geometry And Architecture, 2017 University High School

#### Polygons, Pillars And Pavilions: Discovering Connections Between Geometry And Architecture, Sean Patrick Madden

*Journal of Catholic Education*

Crowning the second semester of geometry, taught within a Catholic middle school, the author's students explored connections between the geometry of regular polygons and architecture of local buildings. They went on to explore how these principles apply famous buildings around the world such as the monuments of Washington, D.C. and the elliptical piazza of Saint Peter's Basilica at Vatican City within Rome, Italy.