Counting Rational Points, Integral Points, Fields, And Hypersurfaces, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Counting Rational Points, Integral Points, Fields, And Hypersurfaces, Joseph Gunther

*All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

This thesis comes in four parts, which can be read independently of each other.

In the first chapter, we prove a generalization of Poonen's finite field Bertini theorem, and use this to show that the obvious obstruction to embedding a curve in some smooth surface is the only obstruction over perfect fields, extending a result of Altman and Kleiman. We also prove a conjecture of Vakil and Wood on the asymptotic probability of hypersurface sections having a prescribed number of singularities.

In the second chapter, for a fixed base curve over a finite field of characteristic at least 5 ...

Cox Processes For Visual Object Counting, 2017 Portland State University

#### Cox Processes For Visual Object Counting, Yongming Ma

*Student Research Symposium*

We present a model that utilizes Cox processes and CNN classifiers in order to count the number of instances of an object in an image. Poisson processes are well suited to events that occur randomly in space, like the location of objects in an image, as well as to the task of counting. Mixed Poisson processes also offer increased flexibility, however they do not easily scale with image size: they typically require O(n3) computation time and O(n2) storage, where n is the number of pixels. To mitigate this problem, we employ Kronecker algebra which takes advantage of the ...

On Vector-Valued Automorphic Forms On Bounded Symmetric Domains, 2017 The University of Western Ontario

#### On Vector-Valued Automorphic Forms On Bounded Symmetric Domains, Nadia Alluhaibi

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

The objective of the study is to investigate the behaviour of the inner products of vector-valued Poincare series, for large weight, associated to submanifolds of a quotient of the complex unit ball and how vector-valued automorphic forms could be constructed via Poincare series. In addition, it provides a proof of that vector-valued Poincare series on an irreducible bounded symmetric domain span the space of vector-valued automorphic forms.

Polygons, Pillars And Pavilions: Discovering Connections Between Geometry And Architecture, 2017 University High School

#### Polygons, Pillars And Pavilions: Discovering Connections Between Geometry And Architecture, Sean Patrick Madden

*Journal of Catholic Education*

Crowning the second semester of geometry, taught within a Catholic middle school, the author's students explored connections between the geometry of regular polygons and architecture of local buildings. They went on to explore how these principles apply famous buildings around the world such as the monuments of Washington, D.C. and the elliptical piazza of Saint Peter's Basilica at Vatican City within Rome, Italy.

Session A-3: Three-Act Math Tasks, 2017 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

#### Session A-3: Three-Act Math Tasks, Lindsey Herlehy

*Professional Learning Day*

Participants will engage in a Three-Act Math task highlighting the application of properties of geometrical figures. Developed by Dan Meyer, an innovative and highly regarded mathematics instructor, Three-Act Math tasks utilize pedagogical skills that elicit student curiosity, collaboration and questioning. By posing a mathematical problem through active storytelling, this instructional approach redefines real-world mathematics and clarifies the role that a student plays in the learning process. Participants will be given multiple resources where they can access Three-Act Math tasks appropriate for upper elementary grades through Algebra and Geometry courses.

Drawing A Triangle On The Thurston Model Of Hyperbolic Space, 2017 Loyola Marymount University

#### Drawing A Triangle On The Thurston Model Of Hyperbolic Space, Curtis D. Bennett, Blake Mellor, Patrick D. Shanahan

*Blake Mellor*

In looking at a common physical model of the hyperbolic plane, the authors encountered surprising difficulties in drawing a large triangle. Understanding these difficulties leads to an intriguing exploration of the geometry of the Thurston model of the hyperbolic plane. In this exploration we encounter topics ranging from combinatorics and Pick’s Theorem to differential geometry and the Gauss-Bonnet Theorem.

A Journey To Fuzzy Rings, 2017 Georgia Southern University

#### A Journey To Fuzzy Rings, Brett T. Ernst

*Electronic Theses & Dissertations*

Enumerative geometry is a very old branch of algebraic geometry. In this thesis, we will describe several classical problems in enumerative geometry and their solutions in order to motivate the introduction of tropical geometry. Finally, fuzzy rings, a powerful algebraic framework for tropical and algebraic geometry is introduced.

Computation Of Real Radical Ideals By Semidefinite Programming And Iterative Methods, 2016 The University of Western Ontario

#### Computation Of Real Radical Ideals By Semidefinite Programming And Iterative Methods, Fei Wang

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

Systems of polynomial equations with approximate real coefficients arise frequently as models in applications in science and engineering. In the case of a system with finitely many real solutions (the $0$ dimensional case), an equivalent system generates the so-called real radical ideal of the system. In this case the equivalent real radical system has only real (i.e., no non-real) roots and no multiple roots. Such systems have obvious advantages in applications, including not having to deal with a potentially large number of non-physical complex roots, or with the ill-conditioning associated with roots with multiplicity. There is a corresponding, but ...

On The Perfect Reconstruction Of The Structure Of Dynamic Networks, 2016 University of Dayton

#### On The Perfect Reconstruction Of The Structure Of Dynamic Networks, Alan Veliz-Cuba

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Non-Commutative Automorphisms Of Bounded Non-Commutative Domains, 2016 Washington University in St Louis

#### Non-Commutative Automorphisms Of Bounded Non-Commutative Domains, John E. Mccarthy, Richard M. Timoney

*Mathematics Faculty Publications*

We establish rigidity (or uniqueness) theorems for non-commutative (NC) automorphisms that are natural extensions of classical results of H. Cartan and are improvements of recent results. We apply our results to NC domains consisting of unit balls of rectangular matrices.

On The Free And G-Saturated Weight Monoids Of Smooth Affine Spherical Varieties For G=Sl(N), 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### On The Free And G-Saturated Weight Monoids Of Smooth Affine Spherical Varieties For G=Sl(N), Won Geun Kim

*All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

Let $X$ be an affine algebraic variety over $\mathbb{C}$ equipped with an action of a connected reductive group $G$. The weight monoid $\Gamma(X)$ of $X$ is the set of isomorphism classes of irreducible representations of $G$ that occur in the coordinate ring $\mathbb{C}[X]$ of $X$. Losev has shown that if $X$ is a smooth affine spherical variety, that is, if $X$ is smooth and $\mathbb{C}[X]$ is multiplicity-free as a representation of $G$, then $\Gamma(X)$ determines $X$ up to equivariant automorphism.

Pezzini and Van Steirteghem have recently obtained a combinatorial characterization of the weight ...

K-Theory Of Root Stacks And Its Application To Equivariant K-Theory, 2016 The University of Western Ontario

#### K-Theory Of Root Stacks And Its Application To Equivariant K-Theory, Ivan Kobyzev

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

We give a definition of a root stack and describe its most basic properties. Then we recall the necessary background (Abhyankar’s lemma, Chevalley-Shephard-Todd theorem, Luna’s etale slice theorem) and prove that under some conditions a quotient stack is a root stack. Then we compute G-theory and K-theory of a root stack. These results are used to formulate the theorem on equivariant algebraic K-theory of schemes.

Topological And Hq Equivalence Of Prime Cyclic P-Gonal Actions On Riemann Surfaces, 2016 Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

#### Topological And Hq Equivalence Of Prime Cyclic P-Gonal Actions On Riemann Surfaces, Sean A. Broughton

*Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)*

Two Riemann surfaces *S*_{1} and *S*_{2} with conformal *G*-actions have topologically equivalent actions if there is a homeomorphism *h :* *S _{1} -> S_{2} *which intertwines the actions. A weaker equivalence may be defined by comparing the representations of

*G*on the spaces of holomorphic

*q-*differentials

*H*and

^{q}(S_{1})*H*In this note we study the differences between topological equivalence and

^{q}(S_{2}).*H*equivalence of prime cyclic actions, where

^{q}*S*and

_{1}/G*S*have genus zero.

_{2}/GThe Implicit Function Theorem And Free Algebraic Sets, 2016 Washington University in St Louis

#### The Implicit Function Theorem And Free Algebraic Sets, Jim Agler, John E. Mccarthy

*Mathematics Faculty Publications*

We prove an implicit function theorem for non-commutative functions. We use this to show that if *p* ( X;Y ) is a generic non-commuting polynomial in two variables, and X is a generic matrix, then all solutions Y of *p* ( X;Y ) = 0 will commute with X

Klein Bottle Queries, 2016 Georgia State University

#### Klein Bottle Queries, Austin Lowe

*Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference*

No abstract provided.

Aspects Of Non-Commutative Function Theory, 2016 Washington University in St Louis

#### Aspects Of Non-Commutative Function Theory, Jim Agler, John E. Mccarthy

*Mathematics Faculty Publications*

We discuss non commutative functions, which naturally arise when dealing with functions of more than one matrix variable.

The Log-Exponential Smoothing Technique And Nesterov’S Accelerated Gradient Method For Generalized Sylvester Problems, 2016 Thua Thien Hue College of Education

#### The Log-Exponential Smoothing Technique And Nesterov’S Accelerated Gradient Method For Generalized Sylvester Problems, N. T. An, Daniel J. Giles, Nguyen Mau Nam, R. Blake Rector

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations*

The Sylvester or smallest enclosing circle problem involves finding the smallest circle enclosing a finite number of points in the plane. We consider generalized versions of the Sylvester problem in which the points are replaced by sets. Based on the log-exponential smoothing technique and Nesterov’s accelerated gradient method, we present an effective numerical algorithm for solving these problems.

Minimizing Differences Of Convex Functions With Applications To Facility Location And Clustering, 2016 Portland State University

#### Minimizing Differences Of Convex Functions With Applications To Facility Location And Clustering, Mau Nam Nguyen, R. Blake Rector, Daniel J. Giles

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations*

In this paper we develop algorithms to solve generalized Fermat-Torricelli problems with both positive and negative weights and multifacility location problems involving distances generated by Minkowski gauges. We also introduce a new model of clustering based on squared distances to convex sets. Using the Nesterov smoothing technique and an algorithm for minimizing differences of convex functions called the DCA introduced by Tao and An, we develop effective algorithms for solving these problems. We demonstrate the algorithms with a variety of numerical examples.

Adinkras And Arithmetical Graphs, 2016 Harvey Mudd College

#### Adinkras And Arithmetical Graphs, Madeleine Weinstein

*HMC Senior Theses*

Adinkras and arithmetical graphs have divergent origins. In the spirit of Feynman diagrams, adinkras encode representations of supersymmetry algebras as graphs with additional structures. Arithmetical graphs, on the other hand, arise in algebraic geometry, and give an arithmetical structure to a graph. In this thesis, we will interpret adinkras as arithmetical graphs and see what can be learned.

Our work consists of three main strands. First, we investigate arithmetical structures on the underlying graph of an adinkra in the specific case where the underlying graph is a hypercube. We classify all such arithmetical structures and compute some of the corresponding ...

Topology Of The Affine Springer Fiber In Type A, 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

#### Topology Of The Affine Springer Fiber In Type A, Tobias Wilson

*Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current*

We develop algorithms for describing elements of the affine Springer fiber in type

A for certain 2 g(C[[t]]). For these , which are equivalued, integral, and regular,

it is known that the affine Springer fiber, X, has a paving by affines resulting from

the intersection of Schubert cells with X. Our description of the elements of Xallow

us to understand these affine spaces and write down explicit dimension formulae. We

also explore some closure relations between the affine spaces and begin to describe the

moment map for the both the regular and extended torus action.