Optimal Dual Fusion Frames For Probabilistic Erasures, 2017 Universidad Nacional de San Luis and CONICET, Argentina

#### Optimal Dual Fusion Frames For Probabilistic Erasures, Patricia Mariela Morillas

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

For any fixed fusion frame, its optimal dual fusion frames for reconstruction is studied in case of erasures of subspaces. It is considered that a probability distribution of erasure of subspaces is given and that a blind reconstruction procedure is used, where the erased data are set to zero. It is proved that there are always optimal duals. Sufficient conditions for the canonical dual fusion frame being either the unique optimal dual, a non-unique optimal dual, or a non optimal dual, are obtained. The reconstruction error is analyzed, using the optimal duals in the probability model considered here and using ...

College Algebra, Trigonometry, And Precalculus (Clayton), 2017 Clayton State University

#### College Algebra, Trigonometry, And Precalculus (Clayton), Chaogui Zhang, Scott Bailey, Billie May, Jelinda Spotorno, Kara Mullen

*Mathematics Grants Collections*

This Grants Collection for College Algebra, Trigonometry, and Precalculus was created under a Round Five ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Affordable Learning Georgia Grants Collections are intended to provide faculty with the frameworks to quickly implement or revise the same materials as a Textbook Transformation Grants team, along with the aims and lessons learned from project teams during the implementation process.

Documents are in .pdf format, with a separate .docx (Word) version available for download. Each collection contains the following materials:

- Linked Syllabus
- Initial Proposal
- Final Report

Solutions Of The System Of Operator Equations $Bxa=B=Axb$ Via The *-Order, 2017 Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

#### Solutions Of The System Of Operator Equations $Bxa=B=Axb$ Via The *-Order, Mehdi Vosough, Mohammad Sal Moslehian

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

In this paper, some necessary and sufficient conditions are established for the existence of solutions to the system of operator equations $BXA=B=AXB$ in the setting of bounded linear operators on a Hilbert space, where the unknown operator $X$ is called the inverse of $A$ along $B$. After that, under some mild conditions, it is proved that an operator $X$ is a solution of $BXA=B=AXB$ if and only if $B \stackrel{*}{ \leq} AXA$, where the $*$-order $C\stackrel{*}{ \leq} D$ means $CC^*=DC^*, C^*C=C^*D$. Moreover, the general solution of the equation above is obtained ...

Recursive Robust Pca Or Recursive Sparse Recovery In Large But Structured Noise, 2017 Iowa State University

#### Recursive Robust Pca Or Recursive Sparse Recovery In Large But Structured Noise, Chenlu Qiu, Namrata Vaswani, Brian Lois, Leslie Hogben

*Namrata Vaswani*

This paper studies the recursive robust principal components analysis problem. If the outlier is the signal-of-interest, this problem can be interpreted as one of recursively recovering a time sequence of sparse vectors, St, in the presence of large but structured noise, Lt. The structure that we assume on Lt is that Lt is dense and lies in a low-dimensional subspace that is either fixed or changes slowly enough. A key application where this problem occurs is in video surveillance where the goal is to separate a slowly changing background (Lt) from moving foreground objects (St) on-the-fly. To solve the above ...

Recursive Robust Pca Or Recursive Sparse Recovery In Large But Structured Noise, 2017 Iowa State University

#### Recursive Robust Pca Or Recursive Sparse Recovery In Large But Structured Noise, Chenlu Qiu, Namrata Vaswani, Brian Lois, Leslie Hogben

*Namrata Vaswani*

This paper studies the recursive robust principal components analysis problem. If the outlier is the signal-of-interest, this problem can be interpreted as one of recursively recovering a time sequence of sparse vectors, St, in the presence of large but structured noise, Lt. The structure that we assume on Lt is that Lt is dense and lies in a low-dimensional subspace that is either fixed or changes slowly enough. A key application where this problem occurs is in video surveillance where the goal is to separate a slowly changing background (Lt) from moving foreground objects (St) on-the-fly. To solve the above ...

On Higman`S Conjecture, 2017 Universidad del Pais Vasco

#### On Higman`S Conjecture, A. Vera-López, J. M. Arregi, M. A. García-Sánchez, L. Ormaetxea

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

Let Gn be the subgroup of GLn(q) consisting of the upper unitriangular matrices of size nxn over Fq. In 1960, G. Higman conjectured that the number of conjugacy classes of Gn, denoted by r(Gn), was given by a polynomial in q with integer coefficients. This has been verified for nn, r(Gn) can be expressed in terms of r(Gi), with i

Discovery Learning Plus Direct Instruction Equals Success: Modifying American Math Education In The Algebra Classroom, 2017 Seattle Pacific University

#### Discovery Learning Plus Direct Instruction Equals Success: Modifying American Math Education In The Algebra Classroom, Sean P. Ferrill Mr.

*Honors Projects*

In light of both high American failure rates in algebra courses and the significant proportion of innumerate American students, this thesis examines a variety of effective educational methods in mathematics. Constructivism, discovery learning, traditional instruction, and the Japanese primary education system are all analyzed to incorporate effective education techniques. Based on the meta-analysis of each of these methods, a hybrid method has been constructed to adapt in the American Common Core algebra classroom.

Elimination For Systems Of Algebraic Differential Equations, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Elimination For Systems Of Algebraic Differential Equations, Richard Gustavson

*All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

We develop new upper bounds for several effective differential elimination techniques for systems of algebraic ordinary and partial differential equations. Differential elimination, also known as decoupling, is the process of eliminating a fixed subset of unknown functions from a system of differential equations in order to obtain differential algebraic consequences of the original system that do not depend on that fixed subset of unknowns. A special case of differential elimination, which we study extensively, is the question of consistency, that is, if the given system of differential equations has a solution. We first look solely at the ``algebraic data" of ...

On Skew-Symmetric Matrices Related To The Vector Cross Product In R^7, 2017 University of Beira Interior

#### On Skew-Symmetric Matrices Related To The Vector Cross Product In R^7, P. D. Beites, A. P. Nicolás, José Vitória

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

A study of real skew-symmetric matrices of orders $7$ and $8$, defined through the vector cross product in $\mathbb{R}^7$, is presented. More concretely, results on matrix properties, eigenvalues, (generalized) inverses and rotation matrices are established.

A Transformation That Preserves Principal Minors Of Skew-Symmetric Matrices, 2017 Faculté des Sciences Ain chock

#### A Transformation That Preserves Principal Minors Of Skew-Symmetric Matrices, Abderrahim Boussairi, Brahim Chergui

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

It is well known that two $n\times n$ symmetric matrices have equal corresponding principal minors of all orders if and only if they are diagonally similar. This result cannot be extended to arbitrary matrices. The aim of this work is to give a new transformation that preserves principal minors of skew-symmetric matrices.

Simple And Semi-Simple Artinian Rings, 2017 California State University - San Bernardino

#### Simple And Semi-Simple Artinian Rings, Ulyses Velasco

*Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations*

The main purpose of this paper is to examine the road towards the structure of simple and semi-simple Artinian rings. We refer to these structure theorems as the Wedderburn-Artin theorems. On this journey, we will discuss R-modules, the Jacobson radical, Artinian rings, nilpotency, idempotency, and more. Once we reach our destination, we will examine some implications of these theorems. As a fair warning, no ring will be assumed to be commutative, or to have unity. On that note, the reader should be familiar with the basic findings from Group Theory and Ring Theory.

The Recognition Problem For Table Algebras And Reality-Based Algebras, 2017 University of Regina

#### The Recognition Problem For Table Algebras And Reality-Based Algebras, Allen Herman, Mikhail Muzychuk, Bangteng Xu

*EKU Faculty and Staff Scholarship*

Given a finite-dimensional noncommutative semisimple algebra A over C with involution, we show that A always has a basis B for which ( A , B ) is a reality-based algebra. For algebras that have a one-dimensional representation δ , we show that there always exists an RBA-basis for which δ is a positive degree map. We characterize all RBA-bases of the 5-dimensional noncommutative semisimple algebra for which the algebra has a positive degree map, and give examples of RBA-bases of C ⊕ M n ( C ) for which the RBA has a positive degree map, for all n ≥ 2

Elementary Abstract Algebra, 2017 Plymouth State University

#### Elementary Abstract Algebra, Emma Norbrothen Wright

*Open Educational Resources*

No abstract provided.

Projective Partitions Of Vector Spaces, 2017 Siena College

#### Projective Partitions Of Vector Spaces, Mohammad Javaheri

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

Given infinite-dimensional real vector spaces $V,W$ with $|W| \leq |V|$, it is shown that there exists a collection of subspaces of $V$ that are isomorphic to $W$, mutually intersect only at 0, and altogether cover $V$.

Singular Value And Norm Inequalities Associated With 2 X 2 Positive Semidefinite Block Matrices, 2017 Zarqa University

#### Singular Value And Norm Inequalities Associated With 2 X 2 Positive Semidefinite Block Matrices, Aliaa Burqan, Fuad Kittaneh

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

This paper aims to give singular value and norm inequalities associated with $2\times 2$ positive semidefinite block matrices.

A Financial Literacy Curriculum Project On Linear Functions In Algebra I Aligned With New York State Common Core State Standards, 2017 The College at Brockport

#### A Financial Literacy Curriculum Project On Linear Functions In Algebra I Aligned With New York State Common Core State Standards, Michael T. Hughson Jr

*Education and Human Development Master's Theses*

There is a lack of financial literacy curriculum available for teachers to support students learning of mathematical skills that are needed in real life. Financial literacy curricula can support students learning real life skills needed before independent living situations in college or career. Direct mathematical modelling and application can support students comprehension of the relationship between financial literacy and algebra. This curriculum highlights the ideology of *the need to know drives learning *and aligns real world financial literacy problems to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) algebra standards.

Application Of Symplectic Integration On A Dynamical System, 2017 East Tennessee State University

#### Application Of Symplectic Integration On A Dynamical System, William Frazier

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Molecular Dynamics (MD) is the numerical simulation of a large system of interacting molecules, and one of the key components of a MD simulation is the numerical estimation of the solutions to a system of nonlinear differential equations. Such systems are very sensitive to discretization and round-off error, and correspondingly, standard techniques such as Runge-Kutta methods can lead to poor results. However, MD systems are conservative, which means that we can use Hamiltonian mechanics and symplectic transformations (also known as canonical transformations) in analyzing and approximating solutions. This is standard in MD applications, leading to numerical techniques known as symplectic ...

On Rings Of Invariants For Cyclic P-Groups, 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### On Rings Of Invariants For Cyclic P-Groups, Daniel Juda

*Theses and Dissertations*

This thesis studies the ring of invariants R^G of a cyclic p-group G acting on k[x_1,\ldots, x_n] where k is a field of characteristic p >0. We consider when R^G is Cohen-Macaulay and give an explicit computation of the depth of R^G. Using representation theory and a result of Nakajima, we demonstrate that R^G is a unique factorization domain and consequently quasi-Gorenstein. We answer the question of when R^G is F-rational and when R^G is F-regular.

We also study the a-invariant for a graded ring S, that is, the maximal graded degree ...

Six Septembers: Mathematics For The Humanist, 2017 Duquesne University

#### Six Septembers: Mathematics For The Humanist, Patrick Juola, Stephen Ramsay

*Zea E-Books*

Scholars of all stripes are turning their attention to materials that represent enormous opportunities for the future of humanistic inquiry. The purpose of this book is to impart the concepts that underlie the mathematics they are likely to encounter and to unfold the notation in a way that removes that particular barrier completely. This book is a primer for developing the skills to enable humanist scholars to address complicated technical material with confidence. This book, to put it plainly, is concerned with the things that the author of a technical article knows, but isn’t saying. Like any field, mathematics ...

A Game Of Monovariants On A Checkerboard, 2017 Lynchburg College

#### A Game Of Monovariants On A Checkerboard, Linwood Reynolds

*Student Scholar Showcase*

Abstract: Assume there is a game that takes place on a 20x20 checkerboard in which each of the 400 squares are filled with either a penny, nickel, dime, or quarter. The coins are placed randomly onto the squares, and there are to be 100 of each of the coins on the board. To begin the game, 59 coins are removed at random. The goal of the game is to remove each remaining coin from the board according to the following rules: 1. A penny can only be removed if all 4 adjacent squares are empty. That is, a penny cannot ...