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344 full-text articles. Page 1 of 16.

On Cantor Sets Defined By Generalized Continued Fractions, Danielle Hedvig, Masha Gorodetski 2022 College of the Canyons

On Cantor Sets Defined By Generalized Continued Fractions, Danielle Hedvig, Masha Gorodetski

Rose-Hulman Undergraduate Mathematics Journal

We study a special class of generalized continuous fractions, both in real and complex settings, and show that in many cases, the set of numbers that can be represented by a continued fraction for that class form a Cantor set. Specifically, we study generalized continued fractions with a fixed absolute value and a variable coefficient sign. We ask the same question in the complex setting, allowing the coefficient's argument to be a multiple of \pi/2. The numerical experiments we conducted showed that in these settings the set of numbers formed by such continued fractions is a Cantor set ...


(R1882) Effects Of Viscosity, Oblateness, And Finite Straight Segment On The Stability Of The Equilibrium Points In The Rr3bp, Bhavneet Kaur, Sumit Kumar, Rajiv Aggarwal 2022 Lady Shri Ram College for Women

(R1882) Effects Of Viscosity, Oblateness, And Finite Straight Segment On The Stability Of The Equilibrium Points In The Rr3bp, Bhavneet Kaur, Sumit Kumar, Rajiv Aggarwal

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

Associating the influences of viscosity and oblateness in the finite straight segment model of the Robe’s problem, the linear stability of the collinear and non-collinear equilibrium points for a small solid sphere m3 of density \rho3 are analyzed. This small solid sphere is moving inside the first primary m1 whose hydrostatic equilibrium figure is an oblate spheroid and it consists of an incompressible homogeneous fluid of density \rho1. The second primary m2 is a finite straight segment of length 2l. The existence of the equilibrium points is discussed after deriving the pertinent equations ...


Universality And Synchronization In Complex Quadratic Networks (Cqns), Anca R. Radulescu, Danae Evans 2022 State University of New York at New Paltz

Universality And Synchronization In Complex Quadratic Networks (Cqns), Anca R. Radulescu, Danae Evans

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Gene Drives And The Consequences Of Over-Suppression, Cole Butler 2022 Virginia Commonwealth University

Gene Drives And The Consequences Of Over-Suppression, Cole Butler

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Real-Time Interactive Simulation Of Large Bird Flocks: Toward Understanding Murmurations, Maxfield R. Comstock 2022 Georgia Institute of Technology

Real-Time Interactive Simulation Of Large Bird Flocks: Toward Understanding Murmurations, Maxfield R. Comstock

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Dimension Theory Of Conformal Iterated Function Systems, Sharon Sneha Spaulding 2022 University of Connecticut

Dimension Theory Of Conformal Iterated Function Systems, Sharon Sneha Spaulding

Honors Scholar Theses

This thesis is an expository investigation of the conformal iterated function system (CIFS) approach to fractals and their dimension theory. Conformal maps distort regions, subject to certain constraints, in a controlled way. Let $\mathcal{S} = (X, E, \{\phi_e\}_{e \in E})$ be an iterated function system where $X$ is a compact metric space, $E$ is a countable index set, and $\{\phi_e\}_{e \in E}$ is a family of injective and uniformly contracting maps. If the family of maps $\{\phi_e\}_{e \in E}$ is also conformal and satisfies the open set condition, then the distortion properties of conformal ...


The Butterfly Effect Of Fractals, Cody Watkins 2022 Murray State University

The Butterfly Effect Of Fractals, Cody Watkins

Honors College Theses

This thesis applies concepts in fractal geometry to the relatively new field of mathematics known as chaos theory, with emphasis on the underlying foundation of the field: the butterfly effect. We begin by reviewing concepts useful for an introduction to chaos theory by defining terms such as fractals, transformations, affine transformations, and contraction mappings, as well as proving and demonstrating the contraction mapping theorem. We also show that each fractal produced by the contraction mapping theorem is unique in its fractal dimension, another term we define. We then show and demonstrate iterated function systems and take a closer look at ...


Finite Subdivision Rules For Matings Of Quadratic Thurston Maps With Few Postcritical Points, Jeremiah Zonio 2022 Bellarmine University

Finite Subdivision Rules For Matings Of Quadratic Thurston Maps With Few Postcritical Points, Jeremiah Zonio

Undergraduate Theses

A finite subdivision rule is set of instructions for repeatedly subdividing a partitioning of a given space. This turns out to be incredibly useful when attempting to describe a process known as polynomial mating. Polynomial mating is a way of gluing together two spaces which two polynomials may act upon such that the glued borders of each space respects the dynamics described by each polynomial. For matings of Misiurewicz polynomials, the spaces we are gluing together are 1-dimensional and are thus all border. This poses a conceptual difficulty which this paper attempts to resolve by using finite subdivison rules to ...


Measure-Theoretically Mixing Subshifts With Low Complexity, Darren Creutz, Ronnie Pavlov, Shaun Rodock 2022 US Naval Academy, Annapolis

Measure-Theoretically Mixing Subshifts With Low Complexity, Darren Creutz, Ronnie Pavlov, Shaun Rodock

Mathematics: Faculty Scholarship

We introduce a class of rank-one transformations, which we call extremely elevated staircase transformations. We prove that they are measure-theoretically mixing and, for any f : N → N with f (n)/n increasing and ∑ 1/f (n) < ∞, that there exists an extremely elevated staircase with word complexity p(n) = o(f (n)). This improves the previously lowest known complexity for mixing subshifts, resolving a conjecture of Ferenczi.


Local Finiteness And Automorphism Groups Of Low Complexity Subshifts, Ronnie Pavlov, Scott Schmieding 2022 University of Denver

Local Finiteness And Automorphism Groups Of Low Complexity Subshifts, Ronnie Pavlov, Scott Schmieding

Mathematics: Faculty Scholarship

We prove that for any transitive subshift X with word complexity function cn(X), if lim inf(log(cn(X)/n)/(log log log n)) = 0, then the quotient group Aut(X, σ)/〈 σ〉 of the automorphism group of X by the subgroup generated by the shift σ is locally finite. We prove that significantly weaker upper bounds on cn(X) imply the same conclusion if the gap conjecture from geometric group theory is true. Our proofs rely on a general upper bound for the number of automorphisms of X of range n in terms of word ...


Exo-Sir: An Epidemiological Model To Analyze The Impact Of Exogenous Spread Of Infection, Nirmal Kumar Sivaraman, Manas Gaur, Shivansh Baijal, Sakthi Balan Muthiah, Amit Sheth 2022 LNMIIT, India

Exo-Sir: An Epidemiological Model To Analyze The Impact Of Exogenous Spread Of Infection, Nirmal Kumar Sivaraman, Manas Gaur, Shivansh Baijal, Sakthi Balan Muthiah, Amit Sheth

Publications

Epidemics like Covid-19 and Ebola have impacted people's lives significantly. The impact of mobility of people across the countries or states in the spread of epidemics has been significant. The spread of disease due to factors local to the population under consideration is termed the endogenous spread. The spread due to external factors like migration, mobility, etc. is called the exogenous spread. In this paper, we introduce the Exo-SIR model, an extension of the popular SIR model and a few variants of the model. The novelty in our model is that it captures both the exogenous and endogenous spread ...


Dynamics Of Mutualism In A Two Prey, One Predator System With Variable Carrying Capacity, Randy Huy Lee 2022 University of North Florida

Dynamics Of Mutualism In A Two Prey, One Predator System With Variable Carrying Capacity, Randy Huy Lee

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

We considered the livelihood of two prey species in the presence of a predator species. To understand this phenomenon, we developed and analyzed two mathematical models considering indirect and direct mutualism of two prey species and the influence of one predator species. Both types of mutualism are represented by an increase in the preys' carrying capacities based on direct and indirect interactions between the prey. Because of mutualism, as the death rate parameter of the predator species goes through some critical value, the model shows transcritical bifurcation. Additionally, in the direct mutualism model, as the death rate parameter decreases to ...


The Kepler Problem On Complex And Pseudo-Riemannian Manifolds, Michael R. Astwood 2022 Wilfrid Laurier University

The Kepler Problem On Complex And Pseudo-Riemannian Manifolds, Michael R. Astwood

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

The motion of objects in the sky has captured the attention of scientists and mathematicians since classical times. The problem of determining their motion has been dubbed the Kepler problem, and has since been generalized into an abstract problem of dynamical systems. In particular, the question of whether a classical system produces closed and bounded orbits is of importance even to modern mathematical physics, since these systems can often be analysed by hand. The aforementioned question was originally studied by Bertrand in the context of celestial mechanics, and is therefore referred to as the Bertrand problem. We investigate the qualitative ...


Reduced-Order Dynamic Modeling And Robust Nonlinear Control Of Fluid Flow Velocity Fields, Anu Kossery Jayaprakash, William MacKunis, Vladimir Golubev, Oksana Stalnov 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Reduced-Order Dynamic Modeling And Robust Nonlinear Control Of Fluid Flow Velocity Fields, Anu Kossery Jayaprakash, William Mackunis, Vladimir Golubev, Oksana Stalnov

Publications

A robust nonlinear control method is developed for fluid flow velocity tracking, which formally addresses the inherent challenges in practical implementation of closed-loop active flow control systems. A key challenge being addressed here is flow control design to compensate for model parameter variations that can arise from actuator perturbations. The control design is based on a detailed reduced-order model of the actuated flow dynamics, which is rigorously derived to incorporate the inherent time-varying uncertainty in the both the model parameters and the actuator dynamics. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first robust nonlinear closed-loop active flow ...


A Connectivity Framework To Explore The Role Of Anthropogenic Activity And Climate On The Propagation Of Water And Sediment At The Catchment Scale, Christos Giannopoulos 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Connectivity Framework To Explore The Role Of Anthropogenic Activity And Climate On The Propagation Of Water And Sediment At The Catchment Scale, Christos Giannopoulos

Doctoral Dissertations

Anthropogenic disturbance in intensively managed landscapes (IMLs) has dramatically altered critical zone processes, resulting in fundamental changes in material fluxes. Mitigating the negative effects of anthropogenic disturbance and making informed decisions for optimal placement and assessment of best management practices (BMPs) requires fundamental understanding of how different practices affect the connectivity or lack thereof of governing transport processes and resulting material fluxes across different landscape compartments within the hillslope-channel continuum of IMLs. However, there are no models operating at the event timescale that can accurately predict material flux transport from the hillslope to the catchment scale capturing the spatial and ...


An Integral Projection Model For Gizzard Shad That Includes Density-Dependent Age-0 Survival, James Peirce, Greg Sandland 2021 University of Wisconsin - La Crosse

An Integral Projection Model For Gizzard Shad That Includes Density-Dependent Age-0 Survival, James Peirce, Greg Sandland

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Biocontrol Of The Emerald Ash Borer: An Adapted Nicholson-Bailey Model, Michael Kerckhove, Shuheng Chen 2021 University of Richmond

Biocontrol Of The Emerald Ash Borer: An Adapted Nicholson-Bailey Model, Michael Kerckhove, Shuheng Chen

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Model Describing The Behavior Of Biomass, Acidity, And Viscosity As A Function Of Temperature In The Shelf Life Of Yogurt, Manuel Alvarado, Paul A. Valle, Yolocuauhtli Salazar 2021 Durango Institute of Technology, México

Mathematical Model Describing The Behavior Of Biomass, Acidity, And Viscosity As A Function Of Temperature In The Shelf Life Of Yogurt, Manuel Alvarado, Paul A. Valle, Yolocuauhtli Salazar

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Modeling Of Breast Cancer Cell Mcf-7 Growths Due To Curcumin Treatments, Widodo Samyono, Hildana Assefa, Kana Kassa 2021 Jarvis Christian College

Mathematical Modeling Of Breast Cancer Cell Mcf-7 Growths Due To Curcumin Treatments, Widodo Samyono, Hildana Assefa, Kana Kassa

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Hyperbolicity And Certain Statistical Properties Of Chaotic Billiard Systems, Kien T. Nguyen 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Hyperbolicity And Certain Statistical Properties Of Chaotic Billiard Systems, Kien T. Nguyen

Doctoral Dissertations

In this thesis, we address some questions about certain chaotic dynamical systems. In particular, the objects of our studies are chaotic billiards. A billiard is a dynamical system that describe the motions of point particles in a table where the particles collide elastically with the boundary and with each other.

Among the dynamical systems, billiards have a very important position. They are models for many problems in acoustics, optics, classical and quantum mechanics, etc.. Despite of the rather simple description, billiards of different shapes of tables exhibit a wide range of dynamical properties from being complete integrable to chaotic. A ...


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