Vertex Weighted Spectral Clustering, 2017 East Tennessee State University

#### Vertex Weighted Spectral Clustering, Mohammad Masum

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Spectral clustering is often used to partition a data set into a specified number of clusters. Both the unweighted and the vertex-weighted approaches use eigenvectors of the Laplacian matrix of a graph. Our focus is on using vertex-weighted methods to refine clustering of observations. An eigenvector corresponding with the second smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of a graph is called a Fiedler vector. Coefficients of a Fiedler vector are used to partition vertices of a given graph into two clusters. A vertex of a graph is classified as unassociated if the Fiedler coefficient of the vertex is close to ...

Revolution In Ideology: Crafting A Holistic Scientific Dialectic, 2017 Abilene Christian University

#### Revolution In Ideology: Crafting A Holistic Scientific Dialectic, Nathan Neill

*Dialogue & Nexus*

**Ideology drives scientific research far more than is acknowledged. Since science itself is conducted by individuals, each scientist has a biased conception of themselves and their surroundings relative to the rest of the universe, even if it is never explicated. This sense of relation to the greater universe is what defines the ideology of the individual. It is this sense of relation and self that creates the individual, who goes on to investigate the natural world by the scientific method. In this paper I will examine extant scientific ideology, particularly in Western science, and propose changes that could be helpful.**

Mathematical Evolution, 2017 Butler University

#### Mathematical Evolution, Jeremiah Farrell, William Johnston

*Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS*

Crossword puzzle featured in the May 2017 issue of *American Mathematical Monthly*.

The Loewner Equation And Weierstrass' Function, 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### The Loewner Equation And Weierstrass' Function, Gavin Ainsley Glenn

*University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects*

No abstract provided.

Krylov Subspace Spectral Methods For Pdes In Polar And Cylindrical Geometries, 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

#### Krylov Subspace Spectral Methods For Pdes In Polar And Cylindrical Geometries, Megan Richardson

*Dissertations*

As a result of stiff systems of ODEs, difficulties arise when using time stepping methods for PDEs. Krylov subspace spectral (KSS) methods get around the difficulties caused by stiffness by computing each component of the solution independently. In this dissertation, we extend the KSS method to a circular domain using polar coordinates. In addition to using these coordinates, we will approximate the solution using Legendre polynomials instead of Fourier basis functions. We will also compare KSS methods on a time-independent PDE to other iterative methods. Then we will shift our focus to three families of orthogonal polynomials on the interval ...

Six Septembers: Mathematics For The Humanist, 2017 Duquesne University

#### Six Septembers: Mathematics For The Humanist, Patrick Juola, Stephen Ramsay

*Zea E-Books*

Scholars of all stripes are turning their attention to materials that represent enormous opportunities for the future of humanistic inquiry. The purpose of this book is to impart the concepts that underlie the mathematics they are likely to encounter and to unfold the notation in a way that removes that particular barrier completely. This book is a primer for developing the skills to enable humanist scholars to address complicated technical material with confidence. This book, to put it plainly, is concerned with the things that the author of a technical article knows, but isn’t saying. Like any field, mathematics ...

On The Closure Of The Completely Positive Semidefinite Cone And Linear Approximations To Quantum Colorings, 2017 CWI (Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica) Amsterdam

#### On The Closure Of The Completely Positive Semidefinite Cone And Linear Approximations To Quantum Colorings, Sabine Burgdorf, Monique Laurent, Teresa Piovesan

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

We investigate structural properties of the completely positive semidefinite cone $\mathcal{CS}_+$, consisting of all the $n \times n$ symmetric matrices that admit a Gram representation by positive semidefinite matrices of any size. This cone has been introduced to model quantum graph parameters as conic optimization problems. Recently it has also been used to characterize the set $\mathcal Q$ of bipartite quantum correlations, as projection of an affine section of it. We have two main results concerning the structure of the completely positive semidefinite cone, namely about its interior and about its closure. On the one hand we construct ...

Some Comments On Multiple Discovery In Mathematics, 2017 Queen Mary University of London

#### Some Comments On Multiple Discovery In Mathematics, Robin W. Whitty

*Journal of Humanistic Mathematics*

Among perhaps many things common to Kuratowski's Theorem in graph theory, Reidemeister's Theorem in topology, and Cook's Theorem in theoretical computer science is this: all belong to the phenomenon of *simultaneous discovery* in mathematics. We are interested to know whether this phenomenon, and its close cousin *repeated discovery*, give rise to meaningful questions regarding causes, trends, categories, etc. With this in view we unearth many more examples, find some tenuous connections and draw some tentative conclusions.

The Mathematics Of Superoscillations, 2017 Chapman University

#### The Mathematics Of Superoscillations, Yakir Aharonov, Fabrizio Colombo, Irene Sabadini, Daniele C. Struppa, Jeff Tollaksen

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

In the past 50 years, quantum physicists have discovered, and experimentally demonstrated, a phenomenon which they termed superoscillations. Aharonov and his collaborators showed that superoscillations naturally arise when dealing with weak values, a notion that provides a fundamentally different way to regard measurements in quantum physics. From a mathematical point of view, superoscillating functions are a superposition of small Fourier components with a bounded Fourier spectrum, which result, when appropriately summed, in a shift that can be arbitrarily large, and well outside the spectrum. Purpose of this work is twofold: on one hand we provide a self-contained survey of the ...

Extracting Biochemical Parameters From Protein Distributions Of Vascular Cells, 2017 Cleveland State University

#### Extracting Biochemical Parameters From Protein Distributions Of Vascular Cells, Partha Srinivasan

*Partha Srinivasan*

No abstract provided.

Teaching And Learning Mathematics In The Ar/Vr Environment, 2017 CUNY Hostos Community College

#### Teaching And Learning Mathematics In The Ar/Vr Environment, Alexander Vaninsky

*Publications and Research*

This presentation discusses teaching and learning mathematics in augmented (AR) or virtual (VR) reality created by a combination of goggles and earphones. It claims that interactive learning in such an environment is more attractive and efficient. It increases motivation and interest in the subject matter. The approach is underlain by the findings of educational neuroscience considering the learning process as the formation of domains in the brain forming mathematics knowledge centers. The teaching process provides sensory excitation and establishes connections among these and other domains. Hardware and software are available in the market. The suggested approach allows for practical implementation ...

A Madison-Numeracy Citation Index (2008-2015): Implementing A Vision For A Quantitatively Literate World, 2017 Carleton College

#### A Madison-Numeracy Citation Index (2008-2015): Implementing A Vision For A Quantitatively Literate World, Nathan D. Grawe, H. L. Vacher

*Numeracy*

This editorial recognizes the contributions made by Bernard Madison to the field of quantitative literacy with a bibliographic index of his papers, edited volumes, and works contained therein that were cited in the first eight volumes (2008-2015) of *Numeracy*. In total, 61 citing papers ("sources") cite 42 Madison works ("citations") a total of 218 times. The source and citation indexes provided in the appendix at the end of this editorial make it easy to see the direct contribution of Madison's work to the arguments and debates contained in the founding years of the journal. For those who are new ...

Sine, Cosine, And Tangent Table: 0 To 360 Degrees, 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

#### Sine, Cosine, And Tangent Table: 0 To 360 Degrees, Paul Royster

*Math Department: Class Notes and Learning Materials*

In helping with my high school student's math homework, I was astonished to find no trig tables in the 800-page textbook. I was further astonished to find no printable version online that extended beyond 90°.

While most smartphones will tell you the sine of an angle, they will not necessarily tell you the angle for which the sine is *x. *And since multiple angles may have the same sine (e.g. 59° and 121°), it seems useful to see the numerical progression of the functions in addition to their graphical representation.

Here is a printable sine-cosine-tangent table for all ...

C.V., 2017 Wroclaw University of Technology

Abstract Template Resrb 2017, 2017 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

Order Form Resrb 2017, 2017 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

Case Study Of Undergraduate Research Projects In Vector Analysis, 2017 CUNY Hostos Community College

#### Case Study Of Undergraduate Research Projects In Vector Analysis, Alexander Vaninsky, Willy Baez Lara, Madieng Diao, Analilia Mendez

*Publications and Research*

This paper presents two examples of the undergraduate research projects in vector analysis conducted under the first author’s supervision at one of the community colleges that is an integral part of a large city university. The projects were accomplished by the students pursuing associated degrees in engineering, during their sophomore year. One project was to obtain an explicit formula for the curvature of a curve in plane defined implicitly in rectangular or polar coordinates. Another project was aimed to develop an alternative procedure for finding potential function for a vector field in space based on simultaneous integration. Participation in ...

On A Class Of Quaternionic Positive Definite Functions And Their Derivatives, 2017 Chapman University

#### On A Class Of Quaternionic Positive Definite Functions And Their Derivatives, Daniel Alpay, Fabrizio Colombo, Irene Sabadini

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

In this paper, we start the study of stochastic processes over the skew field of quaternions. We discuss the relation between positive definite functions and the covariance of centered Gaussian processes and the construction of stochastic processes and their derivatives. The use of perfect spaces and strong algebras and the notion of Fock space are crucial in this framework.

Adaptive Orthonormal Systems For Matrix-Valued Functions, 2017 Chapman University

#### Adaptive Orthonormal Systems For Matrix-Valued Functions, Daniel Alpay, Fabrizio Colombo, Tao Qian, Irene Sabadini, Tao Qian

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

In this paper we consider functions in the Hardy space Hp×q2 defined in the unit disc of matrix-valued. We show that it is possible, as in the scalar case, to decompose those functions as linear combinations of suitably modified matrix-valued Blaschke product, in an adaptive way. The procedure is based on a generalization to the matrix-valued case of the maximum selection principle which involves not only selections of suitable points in the unit disc but also suitable orthogonal projections. We show that the maximum selection principle gives rise to a convergent algorithm. Finally, we discuss the case of real-valued ...

Characterizations Of Families Of Rectangular, Finite Impulse Response, Para-Unitary Systems, 2017 Chapman University

#### Characterizations Of Families Of Rectangular, Finite Impulse Response, Para-Unitary Systems, Daniel Alpay, Palle Jorgensen, Izchak Lewkowicz

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

We here study Finite Impulse Response (FIR) rectangular, not necessarily causal, systems which are (para)-unitary on the unit circle (=the class U). First, we offer three characterizations of these systems. Then, introduce a description of all FIRs in U, as copies of a real polytope, parametrized by the dimensions and the McMillan degree of the FIRs.

Finally, we present six simple ways (along with their combinations) to construct, from any FIR, a large family of FIRs, of various dimensions and McMillan degrees, so that whenever the original system is in U, so is the whole family.

A key role ...