Neurohype And The Law: A Cautionary Tale, 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Neurohype And The Law: A Cautionary Tale, Stephen J. Morse
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
This chapter suggests that for conceptual, empirical, and practical reasons, neuroscience in general and non-invasive brain imaging in particular are not likely to revolutionize the law and our conception of ourselves, but may make modest contributions to legal policy and case adjudication if the legal relevance of the science is properly understood.
A Multimodal Assessment Of Disgust In Response To Traumatic Event Reminders Among Adolescents, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
A Multimodal Assessment Of Disgust In Response To Traumatic Event Reminders Among Adolescents, Teah-Marie R. Bynion
Theses and Dissertations
The majority of youth will report traumatic event exposure by the time they reach adulthood. Research suggests exposure to such events is linked to myriad negative outcomes. Not all traumatic events are alike, however; evidence suggests that, compared to non-interpersonal events, interpersonal events in which another person intentionally perpetrates harm are linked to elevations in the likelihood of negative outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One reason for this discrepancy is that interpersonal traumatic events may elicit greater levels of disgust. However, this is a very under-developed research base, no study has examined this question among youth. The current study ...
Structurally Rich Movement: Measuring Movement For Empirical Psychology And Examining The Dynamic Complexity Of Affect Regulation In Behavior, 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Structurally Rich Movement: Measuring Movement For Empirical Psychology And Examining The Dynamic Complexity Of Affect Regulation In Behavior, Michael Timothy Finn
Movement not only permeates human life, but structures dimensions of experience. Phenomenological theory points to the dynamic congruency of movement and emotion, via the body schema, as shaping affectivity. For psychology, this calls for an understanding of behavior beyond being discrete events, but also manifesting kinetic melodies. Yet there is a gap in existing methodology for empirically studying the three-dimensional characteristics of human movement continuously across segments of the body. A potential line of research in this area, implicit affect regulation capacities, was described to inform the selection of instrumentation, measurement, and calculations of dynamic structure that would, theoretically, best ...
Fatherhood: Motivations Of Paternal Involvement, 2018 Lehigh University
Fatherhood: Motivations Of Paternal Involvement, David Nguyen
Theses and Dissertations
Men’s role in raising their children is changing due to different life circumstances, including an increase in women in the workforce and the positive acceptance of men being involved caregivers in addition as breadwinners. Though inequities in gender roles remain, these new expectations for men in childrearing responsibilities brings to the surface different questions as to what motivates men to engage in parenting behaviors. One theoretical approach to understand men’s intentions to engage in parenting behaviors is Ajzen’s (1991) theory of planned behavior. Grounded in the Theory of Planned Behavior, the purpose of the study was to ...
Indirect & Displaced Aggression: The Role Of Comparison Based Traits And Cognitive Vulnerabilities, 2018 University of Southern Mississippi
Indirect & Displaced Aggression: The Role Of Comparison Based Traits And Cognitive Vulnerabilities, Niki M. Knight
The present study explored the relationships of contingent self-esteem, dispositional envy, and two cognitive vulnerabilities (i.e., anger rumination and fear of negative evaluation) to indirect aggression (IA) and displaced aggression (DA) in a college student sample (N = 346). Despite the theoretical relevance of these personality and cognitive factors to aggression, there is little empirical evidence linking them to the perpetration of IA and DA. Bivariate correlations and hierarchical multiple regression were used to test the utility of these constructs in accounting for unique variance in IA and DA and to assess the potential role of participant gender. Participants high ...
Using The Habit App For Weight Loss Problem Solving: Development And Feasibility Study, 2018 University Of Connecticut
Using The Habit App For Weight Loss Problem Solving: Development And Feasibility Study, Sherry Pagoto, Bengisu Tulu, Emmanuel Agu, Molly E. Waring, Jessica L. Oleski, Danielle E. Jake-Schoffman
Open Access Articles
BACKGROUND: Reviews of weight loss mobile apps have revealed they include very few evidence-based features, relying mostly on self-monitoring. Unfortunately, adherence to self-monitoring is often low, especially among patients with motivational challenges. One behavioral strategy that is leveraged in virtually every visit of behavioral weight loss interventions and is specifically used to deal with adherence and motivational issues is problem solving. Problem solving has been successfully implemented in depression mobile apps, but not yet in weight loss apps.
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the development and feasibility testing of the Habit app, which was designed to automate problem-solving therapy for weight ...
Preventing Prejudiced Psychological Practice: Social Justice Education In Undergraduate Psychology Programs, 2018 University of Washington Tacoma
Preventing Prejudiced Psychological Practice: Social Justice Education In Undergraduate Psychology Programs, Rachel Roewer
Global Honors Theses
In order to provide sufficient mental health care services and produce ethical research, psychologists must be motivated to inhibit their personal biases. Bias in psychological research and mental health care settings can contribute to the perpetuation of oppression, preventing clients who identify with marginalized groups from receiving adequate mental health services. Prejudice amongst mental health care providers can influence misdiagnosis and wrongful prescription of medication. Psychological research informs clinical practices, thus biased research can lead to prejudiced mental health care practices. To ensure that members of marginalized groups receive effective health care, there is a global need for ethical, culturally ...
"Understanding Lgbtq+ Intimate Partner Violence & Challenges In, 2018 National Louis University
"Understanding Lgbtq+ Intimate Partner Violence & Challenges In, Dr. Juanita Yates
This research project is a focus on Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) within LGBTQ+
community and the challenges associated with seeking family support. IPV is defined as a violent
or aggressive behavior within the home, typically involving the violent abuse of an intimate spouse
or partner. However, IPV can happen on the street, in one’s home or even in a public place. Those
exposed to IPV can be children, men and women. IPV is a prevalent issue in our society (Bright
2008). According to Ristock (2005), violence in LGBTQ+ relationships may be referred to as
partner violence, relationship violence, or ...
The Role Of A High-Sugar Refined Diet On Food And Energy Intake, Body Weight, Exercise, And Motivation In Rats, 2018 University of California, Los Angeles
The Role Of A High-Sugar Refined Diet On Food And Energy Intake, Body Weight, Exercise, And Motivation In Rats, Aaron P. Blaisdell
Journal of Evolution and Health
No abstract provided.
Variables Affecting Latency Of Rats Running On A Maze, 2018 University of Connecticut
Variables Affecting Latency Of Rats Running On A Maze, Divya Subramanian
Honors Scholar Theses
When rats are running on a maze, what factors affect their latency? This project examines how time of day of training and hunger levels of the rats affect how long they take to complete the sessions of a behavioral task. A training day consists of three sessions, each with 20 runs. I hypothesize that the rats’ performance will improve if they are trained later in the day, if they are hungrier, and in successive sessions.
Wearable Fitness Tracking Improves Self-Efficacy For Exercise, 2018 Rowan University SOM
Wearable Fitness Tracking Improves Self-Efficacy For Exercise, Adam Sturts Oms-Ii, Adarsh Gupta Do
Stratford Campus Research Day
The present study was designed to determine the impact of wearable fitness tracking technology use on physical activity and self-efficacy for exercise among wearable fitness device users. This was a cross sectional study. A single questionnaire was administered to participants, providing patient data pertaining to wearable fitness tracking device use, exercise habits and intrinsic self-efficacy for exercise. Wearable fitness tracking device users were found to have higher levels of self-efficacy for exercise than non-users across all participating ages, genders and ethnicities. In addition, wearable fitness device users reported increased engagement in physical activity with the concomitant use of their devices ...
Treating Adhd With Suggestion: Neurofeedback And Placebo Therapeutics, 2018 McGill University
Treating Adhd With Suggestion: Neurofeedback And Placebo Therapeutics, Robert T. Thibault, Samuel Vassière, Jay A. Olson, Amir Raz
Psychology Faculty Articles and Research
Objective: We propose that clinicians can use suggestion to help treat conditions such as ADHD. Methods: We use EEG neurofeedback as a case study, alongside evidence from a recent pilot experiment utilizing a sham MRI scanner to highlight the therapeutic potential of suggestion-based treatments. Results: The medical literature demonstrates that many practitioners already prescribe treatments that hardly outperform placebo comparators. Moreover, the sham MRI experiment showed that, even with full disclosure of the procedure, suggestion alone can reduce the symptomatology of ADHD. Conclusion: Non-deceptive suggestion-based treatments, especially those drawing on accessories from neuroscience, may offer a safe complement and potential ...
Fear Of Missing Out, Social Media Abuse, And Parenting Styles, 2018 Abilene Christian University
Fear Of Missing Out, Social Media Abuse, And Parenting Styles, Kylie Richter
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
With the increasing rise in technology use, particularly engagement in social media, it is important for researchers to gain a better understanding of the usage patterns along with the antecedents and consequences of heavy social media usage. In addition to the rise in social media usage, a new anxiety driven phenomenon is storming the research world, FoMO (Fear of Missing Out). To date, there has been little empirical research on the relationship between social media usage and psychological adjustment. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between FoMO, social media abuse, and parenting styles. It is theorized that because FoMO ...
Yoga And Its Influence On Children's Behavior, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Yoga And Its Influence On Children's Behavior, Paige Sellen
The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses
This study looked at the impact ten minutes of daily yoga had on the behavior of elementary school children. Yoga was led by classroom teachers once daily for ten minutes over a sixteen-week period. At weeks one, eight, and sixteen, classroom teachers evaluated student behavior in six categories: personal awareness, attention, rapport with friends, rapport with teacher, following rules and transition between activities. The teachers rated the behaviors on a never, sometimes, mostly or always scale. The data was then analyzed and interpreted. Results revealed a significant difference in the attention, ability to follow rules, transition between activities, and personal ...
Feeding Behaviors And The Child With Posterior Tongue-Tie : Comparison To Norms., 2018 University of Louisville
Feeding Behaviors And The Child With Posterior Tongue-Tie : Comparison To Norms., Mckenzie Sexton
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The tongue is an important muscle used in speech, mastication, swallowing, and breastfeeding. It plays an important role in facial development, dentition, and periodontal status. Posterior ankyloglossia, also known as posterior tongue-tie (PTT), is characterized by a tether beneath the lingual mucosa. Upon visual inspection, the frenulum is non-prominent but with the use of a grooved director it may appear abnormally prominent, short, thick, or cord-like. Palpation of the frenulum may reveal tightness. There is a lack of empirical data about PTT and the impact on feeding beyond early infancy. PTT is not well recognized and can be missed resulting ...
An Exploration Of Barriers To Health Care Access Among Uninsured Patients: Using The Moderating Effect Of Patients’ Enablement, 2018 Abilene Christian University
An Exploration Of Barriers To Health Care Access Among Uninsured Patients: Using The Moderating Effect Of Patients’ Enablement, Enedelia Jessup
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
ABSTRACT On March 23, 2010, Congress passed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) to increase value of care, improve clinical outcomes, decrease health care costs, and increase affordability in health care access. The purpose of the study attempts to examine the moderating effects of patient enablement impacting barriers, low socio economic status, and unmet basic needs, toward health care access in uninsured populations post ACA. Only certain aspects of patient enablement in self-management of an individual’s health care goals have been conducted with uninsured populations with barriers toward health care access. The research design was a quantitative ...
Effects Of Norharmane And Nicotine On The Conditioned Place Preference Of Mice, 2018 Northern Michigan University
Effects Of Norharmane And Nicotine On The Conditioned Place Preference Of Mice, Lindsey Galbo
All NMU Master's Theses
Tobacco smoking in the United States is used by approximately 25% of adults. Many studies using animal models have suggested that nicotine has rewarding properties. Contrastingly, several studies have also found it to be a weakly reinforcing substance at low and high dose levels. Due to this, other tobacco constituents, such as the monoamine oxidase inhibitor norharmane which is found in tobacco leaf and smoke, may be responsible for tobacco addiction by potentiating the rewarding properties of nicotine. Several studies have attempted to observe this phenomenon, however, monoamine oxidase inhibitors that are not found in tobacco leaf or smoke have ...
Oxytocin Promotes Face-Sensitive Neural Responses To Infant And Adult Faces In Mothers, 2018 University of Iowa
Oxytocin Promotes Face-Sensitive Neural Responses To Infant And Adult Faces In Mothers, Mikko J. Peltola, Lane Strathearn, Kaija Puura
Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications
Research utilizing intranasal oxytocin (OT) administration has shown that OT may increase attention and sensitivity to social cues, such as faces. Given the pivotal role of OT in parental behaviors across mammals, the paucity of intranasal OT research investigating responses to social cues in parents and particularly mothers of young children is a critical limitation. In the current study, we recorded cortical event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate whether intranasal OT affects the early neural responses to emotional faces in mothers of 1-year-old infants. Using a double-blind, within-subjects design, mothers (n = 38) were administered intranasal OT and placebo on separate sessions ...
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Review Of Dsm Criteria And Functional Neuroanatomy, 2018 Huntington VA Medical Center
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Review Of Dsm Criteria And Functional Neuroanatomy, Cornelius W. Thomas
Marshall Journal of Medicine
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) consist of over twenty possible symptoms that can be divided into six broad categories. These categories correlate with specific brain networks that regulate emotions, behaviors, and autonomic function. Normal functioning of these networks depends on two key regions; the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala. The prefrontal cortex provides top-down executive control over amygdala, whereas the amygdala is critical for threat detection and activation of the ‘fight or flight’ response. Events that trigger extreme and/or prolonged fear can cause persisting dysregulation within the prefrontal-amygdala circuit ...
Uncertainty And Competing Priorities In Shared Clinical Decision-Making, 2018 Aurora UW Medical Group, Aurora Health Care
Uncertainty And Competing Priorities In Shared Clinical Decision-Making, Dennis J. Baumgardner
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
In this issue introduction, the editor-in-chief of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews observes that a connecting thread among the articles published therein is an element of uncertainty among patients and clinicians. Competing priorities for the patient also may be present. Several approaches to overcoming these prevalent conflicts to delivery of better health care have been proposed, the most important of which may be clinicians embracing a will to practice shared decision-making.