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Sedentary Behavior And Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Latino Adults, Valerie J. Silfee, Stephenie C. Lemon, Vilma Lora, Milagros C. Rosal 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Sedentary Behavior And Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Latino Adults, Valerie J. Silfee, Stephenie C. Lemon, Vilma Lora, Milagros C. Rosal

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Background: Compared to other racial/ethnic subgroups in the U.S., Latinos experience increased rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk factors such as hypertension, inactivity, and diabetes. Sedentary behavior has also been defined as an additional risk factor for CVD, independent of physical activity participation. However, while sedentary behavior has been associated with increased risk for CVD among primarily White samples, previous studies in Latinos have shown mixed results.

Purpose: To explore the relationships between sedentary behavior and CVD risk factors, including BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, physical activity, dyslipidemia, and diabetes, among a sample of Latino adults ...


Capturing Success At Autistry Studios: A Qualitative Study, Ali Ives, Vince Colombano, Joey Bava 2016 Dominican University of California

Capturing Success At Autistry Studios: A Qualitative Study, Ali Ives, Vince Colombano, Joey Bava

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

This qualitative study examined the perceived outcomes of participation at Autistry Studios among young adult students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Autistry Studios is a unique program offering services to individuals with ASD similar to that of a pre-vocational training program. The mission of Autistry Studios is to help students with ASD become independent adults by engaging in “project-based therapy.” A setting is provided where individuals with ASD can achieve personal and functional growth with the use of creative resources like art supplies, raw materials, and power tools to pursue and complete a project that is client-centered. The purpose of ...


Designing A Mobile Space Habitat Analog, Victor Kitmanyen, Matthew Burkhard, Timothy Disher 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Designing A Mobile Space Habitat Analog, Victor Kitmanyen, Matthew Burkhard, Timothy Disher

Human Factors and Applied Psychology Student Conference

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Alarm System Errors On Dependence: Moderated Mediation Of Trust With And Without Risk, Eric T. Chancey 2016 Old Dominion University

The Effects Of Alarm System Errors On Dependence: Moderated Mediation Of Trust With And Without Risk, Eric T. Chancey

Psychology Theses & Dissertations

Research on sensor-based signaling systems suggests that false alarms and misses affect operator dependence via two independent psychological processes, hypothesized as two types of trust. These two types of trust manifest in two categorically different behaviors: compliance and reliance. The current study links the theoretical perspective outlined by Lee and See (2004) to the compliance-reliance paradigm, and argues that trust mediates the false alarm-compliance relationship but not the miss-reliance relationship. Specifically, the key conditions to allow the mediation of trust are: The operator is presented with a salient choice to depend on the signaling system and the risk associated with ...


Investigating The Determinants Of Recycling Behavior In Youth By Using Theory Of Planned Behavior., Tejaswini Gadiraju 2016 University of South Florida

Investigating The Determinants Of Recycling Behavior In Youth By Using Theory Of Planned Behavior., Tejaswini Gadiraju

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this study is to understand the determinants that influence the youth recycling behavior intention. In other words, this study wants to know the motivations and barriers behind university students’ recycling behavior. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), which provides a theoretical framework for systematically identifying the determinants of recycling behavior, is the basis for this study. Along with the TPB variables, additional predictor variables (moral norm, past experience, knowledge of how and what to recycle, knowledge of consequences, and inconvenience) that can influence behavior intentions were tested in the study. Online survey was used to collect the ...


Effects Of Stability Balls On Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Patricia A. Krombach 2016 University of South Florida

Effects Of Stability Balls On Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Patricia A. Krombach

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Children with ASD often display behavior problems that can lead to daily academic and social disruptions. Many teachers and therapists have sought to create classroom interventions that improve the length of time a child stays seated and focused on the required task. This has led to the introduction of stability balls as an alternative seating method for children, both on the autism spectrum and with other needs. This study used a multiple baseline design and duration data to evaluate the effects of stability ball seating on attending and in-seat behavior for children with ASD who received ABA therapy in their ...


Effects Of Delay To Reinforcement On Selections For High-Tech And Low-Tech Leisure Items, Yuram Kim 2016 University of South Florida

Effects Of Delay To Reinforcement On Selections For High-Tech And Low-Tech Leisure Items, Yuram Kim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many children are exposed to excessively technology. Such use of technology may lead to health issues including obesity, attention deficits, and sleep disorders. Research has shown that parameters of reinforcement, such as quality and delay, may influence how children allocate their preferences. One way to drive preference away from high-tech toys may be to arrange delays to reinforcement following such selections and immediate reinforcement for an alternative response. In Experiment 1, four subjects who preferred high-tech leisure items over low-tech leisure items were identified through the pair-stimulus preference assessments. The results of Experiment 2 indicated that all subjects were sensitive ...


Transportation And Retention In Outpatient Drug Abuse Treatment Programs, Peter Friedmann, Stephenie Lemon, Michael Stein 2016 Brown University School of Medicine

Transportation And Retention In Outpatient Drug Abuse Treatment Programs, Peter Friedmann, Stephenie Lemon, Michael Stein

Peter D. Friedmann MD

To determine whether certain types of transportation assistance improve outpatient treatment retention beyond thresholds shown to have therapeutic benefits, we analyzed data from 1,144 clients in 22 outpatient methadone maintenance (OMM) programs and 2,031 clients in 22 outpatient drug-free (ODF) programs in the Drug Abuse Treatment Outcomes Study (DATOS), a national, 12-month, longitudinal study of drug abuse treatment programs. Directors' surveys provided information about provision of car, van, or contracted transportation services or individual vouchers/payment for public transportation. Chart-abstracted treatment retention was dichotomized at 365 days for OMM and 90 days for ODF. Separate multivariate hierarchical linear ...


Exercise In Developing Rats Promotes Plasticity In The Prefrontal Cortex: Behavioral And Neurobiological Indications, Meghan Eddy 2016 University of Vermont

Exercise In Developing Rats Promotes Plasticity In The Prefrontal Cortex: Behavioral And Neurobiological Indications, Meghan Eddy

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Physical exercise has repeatedly been shown to trigger positive effects on brain function including improved learning, memory, and executive functions. In addition, corresponding physiological changes have been observed, such as increased neurotrophic factors, changes in neurotransmitter concentrations, and increased dendritic spines. However, these changes have not been well described outside of the hippocampus, including the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), and have not been directly compared at different points of development. Because the prefrontal cortex is one of the last brain areas to fully mature, considering the age at which intervention, such as exercise, takes place is particularly important. Additionally, in ...


Examining The Psychological Adjustments Of Neurotypical Siblings Of Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder (Asd) And Determining The Efficiency Of Support Groups, Swathi Deo Sambatha 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Examining The Psychological Adjustments Of Neurotypical Siblings Of Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder (Asd) And Determining The Efficiency Of Support Groups, Swathi Deo Sambatha

Undergraduate Research Posters

Neurotypical siblings of individuals with behavioral disorders are reported to have complex, complicated psychological adjustments that vary significantly due to a multitude of sociodemographic factors. In addition, these children are at risk of mental health disorders and negative psychological symptoms. Support groups or extensive social support are known to increase intra-communication and create better sibling dynamics between the neurotypical and autistic siblings. This paper investigates such complications to the psychological adjustment of neurotypical siblings of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and determines the implications of the utilization of support groups/social support. The analyzed trends and reportings of multiple ...


Perceptions Of Harm And Addiction Among Dual Users Of Cigarettes And E-Cigarettes, Julia S. Rozman 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Perceptions Of Harm And Addiction Among Dual Users Of Cigarettes And E-Cigarettes, Julia S. Rozman

Undergraduate Research Posters

Background: Tobacco harm perceptions are important factors in why individuals may initiate, substitute, and/or engage in dual or poly-tobacco use patterns. Identifying correlates of these perceptions is important for understanding why these cognitions may exist and help provide intervention targets. The purpose of the current study was to examine perceptions of harm and addiction among a sample of cigarette and electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) users and examine whether these perceptions differ by demographics, other substance use, and tobacco use history.

Methods: The current sample consisted of 29 individuals who consented to participate in a clinical laboratory study of dual cigarette ...


Mentalistic Explanations For Autistic Behavior: A Behavioral Phenomenological Analysis, Lee Mason, Don Davis, Alonzo Andrews 2015 The University of Texas at San Antonio

Mentalistic Explanations For Autistic Behavior: A Behavioral Phenomenological Analysis, Lee Mason, Don Davis, Alonzo Andrews

Lee Mason

In this paper we analyze autism as a hypothetical construct and explain how an Autism Spectrum Disorder diagnosis functions to derail scientific investigations of autistic behavior. To support this argument, we employ a series of behavioral phenomenological investigations to analyze potential sources of control over the verbal behavior of parents, who were asked to observe their children with autism and record explanations for each occurrence of problem behavior. Autistic behaviors were recorded cumulatively, and the parents’ explanatory responses were then mapped onto the cumulative records to identify the controlling relations for each response. We then analyzed the parents’ responses for ...


Adhd And Social Impairment Among Children: Problem Solving Skills As A Potential Mediator, Rebecca McCord 2015 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Adhd And Social Impairment Among Children: Problem Solving Skills As A Potential Mediator, Rebecca Mccord

Senior Theses

This study tested the hypothesis that problem solving skills mediate the relation between ADHD symptoms and social impairment in children. Problem solving skills were evaluated by the Test of Problem Solving 3 – Elementary Version (TOPS), which separated problem solving skills into six different subtypes: making inferences, sequencing, negative questions, problem solving, predicting, and determining causes. ADHD symptoms were assessed through the parent report of the Disruptive Behavior Disorder Scale (DBD). Social impairment was assessed through the parent report of social skills using the Social Skills Improvement System (SSIS). Three hundred seventy-two (372) children between the ages of eight and ten ...


Exploring Acceptance Of Using An Online Platform To Teach Parents Of Children With Autism Methods In Applied Behavior Analysis (Aba), Marwah S. Zagzoug 2015 Seton Hall University

Exploring Acceptance Of Using An Online Platform To Teach Parents Of Children With Autism Methods In Applied Behavior Analysis (Aba), Marwah S. Zagzoug

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Background and Purpose of the Study: A diagnosis of autism can lead to lifelong struggles for parents and children. These families face profound difficulties in coping with stress while seeking out early interventions and managing imperative service needs. Parents are increasingly turning to the internet for information, advice, and even formal training. Breakthroughs in technology have made the internet more accessible and more sophisticated. The involvement of parents in applying intervention strategies to help their autistic children has long been advocated as a useful approach. Enabling parents as interventionists provides renewed confidence and reduced stress for parents as well as ...


Twitter-Delivered Behavioral Weight-Loss Interventions: A Pilot Series, Sherry Pagoto, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Jessica Oleski, Effie Olendzki, Rashelle Hayes, Bradley Appelhans, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Stephenie Lemon 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Twitter-Delivered Behavioral Weight-Loss Interventions: A Pilot Series, Sherry Pagoto, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Jessica Oleski, Effie Olendzki, Rashelle Hayes, Bradley Appelhans, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Stephenie Lemon

Molly E. Waring

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are efficacious at reducing risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease but have not had a significant public health impact given high cost and patient and provider burden. OBJECTIVE: Online social networks may reduce the burden of lifestyle interventions to the extent that they displace in-person visits and may enhance opportunities for social support for weight loss. METHODS: We conducted an iterative series of pilot studies to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of using online social networks to deliver a lifestyle intervention. RESULTS: In Study 1 (n=10), obese participants with depression received lifestyle counseling via 12 weekly ...


Twitter-Delivered Behavioral Weight-Loss Interventions: A Pilot Series, Sherry Pagoto, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Jessica Oleski, Effie Olendzki, Rashelle Hayes, Bradley Appelhans, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Stephenie Lemon 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Twitter-Delivered Behavioral Weight-Loss Interventions: A Pilot Series, Sherry Pagoto, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Jessica Oleski, Effie Olendzki, Rashelle Hayes, Bradley Appelhans, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Stephenie Lemon

Sherry L. Pagoto

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are efficacious at reducing risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease but have not had a significant public health impact given high cost and patient and provider burden. OBJECTIVE: Online social networks may reduce the burden of lifestyle interventions to the extent that they displace in-person visits and may enhance opportunities for social support for weight loss. METHODS: We conducted an iterative series of pilot studies to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of using online social networks to deliver a lifestyle intervention. RESULTS: In Study 1 (n=10), obese participants with depression received lifestyle counseling via 12 weekly ...


Twitter-Delivered Behavioral Weight-Loss Interventions: A Pilot Series, Sherry Pagoto, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Jessica Oleski, Effie Olendzki, Rashelle Hayes, Bradley Appelhans, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Stephenie Lemon 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Twitter-Delivered Behavioral Weight-Loss Interventions: A Pilot Series, Sherry Pagoto, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Jessica Oleski, Effie Olendzki, Rashelle Hayes, Bradley Appelhans, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Stephenie Lemon

Stephenie C. Lemon

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are efficacious at reducing risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease but have not had a significant public health impact given high cost and patient and provider burden. OBJECTIVE: Online social networks may reduce the burden of lifestyle interventions to the extent that they displace in-person visits and may enhance opportunities for social support for weight loss. METHODS: We conducted an iterative series of pilot studies to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of using online social networks to deliver a lifestyle intervention. RESULTS: In Study 1 (n=10), obese participants with depression received lifestyle counseling via 12 weekly ...


Twitter-Delivered Behavioral Weight-Loss Interventions: A Pilot Series, Sherry Pagoto, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Jessica Oleski, Effie Olendzki, Rashelle Hayes, Bradley Appelhans, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Stephenie Lemon 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Twitter-Delivered Behavioral Weight-Loss Interventions: A Pilot Series, Sherry Pagoto, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Jessica Oleski, Effie Olendzki, Rashelle Hayes, Bradley Appelhans, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Stephenie Lemon

Rashelle B. Hayes

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are efficacious at reducing risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease but have not had a significant public health impact given high cost and patient and provider burden. OBJECTIVE: Online social networks may reduce the burden of lifestyle interventions to the extent that they displace in-person visits and may enhance opportunities for social support for weight loss. METHODS: We conducted an iterative series of pilot studies to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of using online social networks to deliver a lifestyle intervention. RESULTS: In Study 1 (n=10), obese participants with depression received lifestyle counseling via 12 weekly ...


Development And Validation Of The Behavioral Tendencies Questionnaire, Nicholas T. Van Dam, Anna Brown, Tom B. Mole, Jake H. Davis, Willoughby B. Britton, Judson A. Brewer 2015 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Development And Validation Of The Behavioral Tendencies Questionnaire, Nicholas T. Van Dam, Anna Brown, Tom B. Mole, Jake H. Davis, Willoughby B. Britton, Judson A. Brewer

Open Access Articles

At a fundamental level, taxonomy of behavior and behavioral tendencies can be described in terms of approach, avoid, or equivocate (i.e., neither approach nor avoid). While there are numerous theories of personality, temperament, and character, few seem to take advantage of parsimonious taxonomy. The present study sought to implement this taxonomy by creating a questionnaire based on a categorization of behavioral temperaments/tendencies first identified in Buddhist accounts over fifteen hundred years ago. Items were developed using historical and contemporary texts of the behavioral temperaments, described as "Greedy/Faithful", "Aversive/Discerning", and "Deluded/Speculative". To both maintain this categorical ...


Twitter-Delivered Behavioral Weight-Loss Interventions: A Pilot Series, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring, Kristin L. Schneider, Jessica L. Oleski, Effie Olendzki, Rashelle B. Hayes, Bradley M. Appelhans, Matthew C. Whited, Andrew M. Busch, Stephenie C. Lemon 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Twitter-Delivered Behavioral Weight-Loss Interventions: A Pilot Series, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring, Kristin L. Schneider, Jessica L. Oleski, Effie Olendzki, Rashelle B. Hayes, Bradley M. Appelhans, Matthew C. Whited, Andrew M. Busch, Stephenie C. Lemon

Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are efficacious at reducing risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease but have not had a significant public health impact given high cost and patient and provider burden.

OBJECTIVE: Online social networks may reduce the burden of lifestyle interventions to the extent that they displace in-person visits and may enhance opportunities for social support for weight loss.

METHODS: We conducted an iterative series of pilot studies to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of using online social networks to deliver a lifestyle intervention.

RESULTS: In Study 1 (n=10), obese participants with depression received lifestyle counseling via 12 weekly ...


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