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Exploration Of Physician Attitudes About Self-Care And Personal Mental Health: Possible Barriers To Physician Well Being, Candich Farrar 2020 National Louis University

Exploration Of Physician Attitudes About Self-Care And Personal Mental Health: Possible Barriers To Physician Well Being, Candich Farrar

Dissertations

The present study was designed to examine physicians’ mental health, attitudes, and behaviors toward self-care and the utilization of mental health services. As the medical field can be very demanding and exhausting, it is believed that many physicians suffer from mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression. However, it was theorized that many physicians do not engage in adequate self-care regimes or seek support and suppress their symptoms, which may further exacerbate their illnesses. A thorough literature review was performed to explore the following: possible barriers to physicians seeking mental health services to address high rates of mental illnesses, physicians ...


Mental Health Challenges Among Ethnic Minorities College Students, Fiorella G. Valles, Ruben Gonzalez 2020 California State University, San Bernardino

Mental Health Challenges Among Ethnic Minorities College Students, Fiorella G. Valles, Ruben Gonzalez

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This research study explored the challenges of mental health-seeking services of college students of color in the San Bernardino area. College students of different ethnicities have unique needs and challenges that contrast with the general student population. Previous research stated that students of color deal with a greater number of unmet mental health needs and indicates a connection between mental health and attaining a college degree (Arria et al., 2013). To increase the utilization of mental health amongst students of color, this study aimed to identify the influencing factors that prevented students from help-seeking. The research design of this research ...


Mental Health Screening For Low Income Adolescents: An Evidence-Based Project, Allison Bryden 2020 University of San Diego

Mental Health Screening For Low Income Adolescents: An Evidence-Based Project, Allison Bryden

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

TITLE: Mental Health Screening For Low-Income Adolescents

BACKGROUND: Nearly 80% of adolescents in the United States will suffer from a mental illness and not receive evaluation or services. Children from low socio-economic backgrounds have an increased risk of mental health disorders which permeate into adulthood, leading to additional negative sequel and lower quality of life. Among adolescent mental health conditions, depression and anxiety are the most common. Literature has suggested provider intuition alone has low sensitivity and specificity for detecting mental illness and that screening tools are indicated.

PURPOSE: The aim of this project is to implement standardized routine ...


Recovery-Oriented Dance Movement Therapy: A Controlled Trial In Mental Health Rehabilitation, Talia Bendel-Rozow 2020 Lesley University

Recovery-Oriented Dance Movement Therapy: A Controlled Trial In Mental Health Rehabilitation, Talia Bendel-Rozow

Expressive Therapies Dissertations

This dissertation evaluated the appropriateness of using a recovery-oriented dance movement therapy (RODMT) intervention for people who were experiencing severe mental illness. Dance movement therapy (DMT) has been used for decades to support people with psychological and psychiatric symptoms but, before this research, has not been studied in context of the recovery approach to mental health rehabilitation. The theoretical assumption of this study was that movement-based experiential activities could be used as the primary agent to demonstrate and convey specific recovery concepts among participants. The researcher developed a protocol for 13 sessions of group intervention that merged DMT with Illness ...


Socioeconomic Status And Symptoms Of Anxiety And Depression In Pregnant Women, Meagan Mandabach 2020 University of Mississippi

Socioeconomic Status And Symptoms Of Anxiety And Depression In Pregnant Women, Meagan Mandabach

Honors Theses

Pregnancy is a period of great change in a woman’s body as her baby develops. During this period, women commonly experience symptoms of anxiety (Dennis et al., 2017) and depression (Shidhaye & Giri, 2014). Literature has suggested that socioeconomic status (SES) can contribute to the severity at which pregnant women experience anxiety and depression (Arora & Aeri, 2019; Field et al., 2008; Shagufta & Shams, 2019), and women of low socioeconomic status may be more likely to experience symptoms of anxiety and depression during pregnancy (Field et al., 2008). The present study aimed to assess the relationships between household income and experience of anxiety and depression symptoms, in pregnant women in Mississippi. Specifically, it was hypothesized that lower SES would be associated with increased experience of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Participants included 557 pregnant women (77.4% white; Mage = 28.42) recruited at an OBGYN clinic in north Mississippi. Demographics questionnaire and several self-report measures including the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS; Cox, Holden, Sagovsky, 1987) were completed. Results demonstrated that symptoms of anxiety measured by the DASS-21 were significantly higher in pregnant women earning less than $10,000 per year than all other income brackets (with the exception ...


Discovery Of Distinct Mechanisms Underlying The Relationship Between Drug Taking And Predisposing Behaviors, Tyler A. Roy 2020 The Jackson Laboratory

Discovery Of Distinct Mechanisms Underlying The Relationship Between Drug Taking And Predisposing Behaviors, Tyler A. Roy

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Drug addiction is a heritable disease characterized by compulsive drug use. The biological mechanisms driving addiction remain largely unknown.1 Previous studies show shared genetic mechanisms underlying addiction risk phenotypes such as anxiety, depression, and novelty/sensation seeking.2,3 Therefore, high-throughput behavioral screening of these traits in single gene knockout mice can allow for the rapid detection of addiction risk candidate genes and mechanisms. Many of these traits are represented in the Knock-Out Mouse Program (KOMP) phenotyping pipeline. Of the initial two hundred twenty-one strains screened in this program, we tested nineteen phenodeviant knock-out mouse strains with C57BL/6NJ ...


Empathy In Individuals Who Experience Psychosis: An Empathetic Perspective, Kristen Woodberry, Katherine Elacqua 2020 Maine Medical Center

Empathy In Individuals Who Experience Psychosis: An Empathetic Perspective, Kristen Woodberry, Katherine Elacqua

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Purpose/Background: There is a large amount of literature exploring how individuals with psychotic spectrum symptoms or disorders experience empathy. The findings are often presented through a deficit-oriented frame, suggesting that these individuals are impaired in their ability to experience empathy. Unfortunately, claims of empathy deficits have the potential to contribute to the already high stigma faced by this population. This review, therefore, aims to contextualize the deficit-oriented discussion based on the following three questions: how is empathy defined, what methods are being used to understand it, and to what degree does the discussion around empathy in psychosis accurately reflect ...


Association Of Affect Dynamics And Psychotic Symptoms In Clinical High Risk And Early Course Psychosis, K A. Woodberry, W Cook, K Elacqua, K A. Johnson, K Powers, M Graham, A Cloutier, T Twhigg, D Robbins, R Mesholam-Gately 2020 Maine Medical Center

Association Of Affect Dynamics And Psychotic Symptoms In Clinical High Risk And Early Course Psychosis, K A. Woodberry, W Cook, K Elacqua, K A. Johnson, K Powers, M Graham, A Cloutier, T Twhigg, D Robbins, R Mesholam-Gately

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Purpose: Although there is recent skepticism about whether affect dynamics offer added value over mean levels of negative affect in differentiating between individuals, there has been little research examining the relationship of affect variability (AV) and psychotic symptoms within individuals (day-to-day). The purpose of these analyses was to explore the relationship of affect dynamics to psychotic experiences in individuals at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis or within five years of the onset of a psychotic disorder (PSY).

Methods: We collected experience-sampling data from CHR and PSY patients ages 15-25. Up to 6 times per day, participants rated positive and ...


Impact Of Sleep On Mood & Psychotic Symptoms In Early & Emerging Psychosis, K Penner Coxon, K A. Johnson, K Powers, K Elacqua, W L. Cook, R I. Mesholam-Gately, K A. Woodberry 2020 Maine Medical Center

Impact Of Sleep On Mood & Psychotic Symptoms In Early & Emerging Psychosis, K Penner Coxon, K A. Johnson, K Powers, K Elacqua, W L. Cook, R I. Mesholam-Gately, K A. Woodberry

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Background: The relationship between sleep and psychosis is well-established, with sleep disturbances being one of the earliest signs of an emerging psychotic disorder. Those at clinical high-risk (CHR) for psychosis are known to experience more fragmented sleep, which in turn increases the severity of psychotic and mood symptoms. Experience sampling is a useful method through which to understand the relationship between sleep and daily fluctuations in mood and psychosis. A better understanding of these within-day symptom dynamics may clarify the role of sleep in clinical trajectories for at-risk youth. Thus, this study used a phone app to capture real-time symptom ...


Developmental Regression And Mitochondrial Function In Children With Autism, Kanwaljit Singh, Indrapal N. Singh, Eileen Diggins, Susan Connors, Mohammad A. Karim, David Lee, Andrew W. Zimmerman, Richard E. Frye 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Developmental Regression And Mitochondrial Function In Children With Autism, Kanwaljit Singh, Indrapal N. Singh, Eileen Diggins, Susan Connors, Mohammad A. Karim, David Lee, Andrew W. Zimmerman, Richard E. Frye

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Developmental regression (DR) occurs in about one-third of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) yet it is poorly understood. Current evidence suggests that mitochondrial function in not normal in many children with ASD. However, the relationship between mitochondrial function and DR has not been well-studied in ASD.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study of 32 children, 2 to 8 years old with ASD, with (n = 11) and without (n = 12) DR, and non-ASD controls (n = 9) compared mitochondrial respiration and mtDNA damage and copy number between groups and their relation to standardized measures of ASD severity.

RESULTS: Individuals with ASD demonstrated ...


391— Mental Health Supports Readily Available For College Students, Heidi Granville 2020 SUNY Geneseo

391— Mental Health Supports Readily Available For College Students, Heidi Granville

GREAT Day

College students who struggle with mental illness need more resources and support services readily available to them while they are in school. This would help them succeed both as students and as maturing adults. Data collected from Penn State conclude that mental health issues are increasing as time goes on, more students are seeking counseling services, and more students have considered suicide. This data serves a purpose that the current public policy is not enough. Ultimately, when schools are ill-equipped to helping students who suffer from mental illnesses, those students cannot reach their maximum potential, and consequently, the suicide rate ...


The Tipping Point In Psychopathy: Role Of Psychopathic Traits In Trauma Exposure, Sneha M. Gupta 2020 CUNY John Jay College

The Tipping Point In Psychopathy: Role Of Psychopathic Traits In Trauma Exposure, Sneha M. Gupta

Student Theses

Though psychopathy has been associated with a socially deviant lifestyle, the idea of “successful” psychopathy has gained increased attention. Previous research has explored whether psychopathic traits play a role in trauma exposure/ PTSD, using clinical and forensic populations. Results from these studies suggest that Factor 1 traits may protect from trauma exposure (Factor 1 Theory) while Factor 2 traits may worsen the impact of trauma through exacerbated exposure to traumatic events. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between each of Factor 1 traits and Factor 2 traits with trauma exposure and PTSD. In a sample of ...


Recognizing The Need For Mental Health Reform In The Texas Department Of Criminal Justice, Kara McHorse 2020 St. Mary's University School of Law

Recognizing The Need For Mental Health Reform In The Texas Department Of Criminal Justice, Kara Mchorse

St. Mary's Law Journal

The ways in which mental health care and the criminal justice system interact are in desperate need of reform in Texas. The rate of mental illness in Texas is higher than the current state of mental health care can provide for. While state hospitals were once the primary care facilities of those with mental illness, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) has taken on that role in the last few decades; and when the criminal justice system becomes entangled with mental health care, it often leads to “unmitigated disaster.” If Texas continues to allow the TDCJ to act as ...


History Of The South Dakota Human Services Center 1879 – 2019: Trials, Trends, And Tragedies To Transformation, Kate L. Katterhagen 2020 University of South Dakota

History Of The South Dakota Human Services Center 1879 – 2019: Trials, Trends, And Tragedies To Transformation, Kate L. Katterhagen

Honors Thesis

The history of the South Dakota Human Services Center (HSC), located in Yankton, SD, spans 140 years, from the Dakota Territory days beginning in 1879 to the present. The trials, trends, and tragedies promoting transformation of the state psychiatric hospital are the focus of this thesis, with an emphasis on significant events that shaped the facility. This research examines the challenges and changes in public administration, treatment methods, and psychiatric medical practices. My research was accomplished through identification, retrieval, and review of archived materials, reports, published newspaper articles, and personal accounts. Societal, political, legal, medical, and historical perspectives frame my ...


Prevalence Of Mental Health History Intake By Medical Trainees, Raymond H Wen, Laura Weingartner, Emily Noonan 2020 University of Louisville

Prevalence Of Mental Health History Intake By Medical Trainees, Raymond H Wen, Laura Weingartner, Emily Noonan

Undergraduate Arts and Research Showcase

BACKGROUND:

In the US, 1 in 5 adults experiences a mental illness. Over 9.8 million adults and youths have serious suicidal thoughts, and LGBTQ+ communities experience an even greater burden of mental health disparities. Mental illness is often recognized late by providers, which prevents timely and effective treatment.

METHODS:

We estimated the frequency and response of healthcare trainees asking about mental health using video-recorded standardized patient interviews conducted by third-year medical students (M3s). Standardized patients are trained to give out specific health history information only when prompted by the student. Students had 30 minutes to complete new patient interviews ...


The Relationship Between Social Functioning And Anxiety Symptoms In Preschoolers With Autism, Kaylee L. Cox 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

The Relationship Between Social Functioning And Anxiety Symptoms In Preschoolers With Autism, Kaylee L. Cox

Senior Theses

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by impairments in social functioning. Furthermore, children with ASD have been found to have high rates of comorbid anxiety. Understanding the relationship between ASD and comorbid anxiety is essential in raising awareness of anxiety symptomology in children with ASD in hopes of better informing treatment and support. The present study examines the relationship between social functioning and general anxiety in children with ASD compared to typically developing (TD) children. The first objective of this study was to examine group differences in social impairments and anxiety symptoms between children diagnosed with ASD and TD children ...


Ricardo Andres Pimentel, Ricardo Andres Pimentel 2020 San Jose State University

Ricardo Andres Pimentel, Ricardo Andres Pimentel

Library Research Scholars Program

Decades of constant wars have produced millions of military personnel returning home after their stints protecting their country. Though many of these military members are able to fully reintegrate into society, a significant minority return with psychical and psychological difficulties. Included in this vast list of difficulties is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This disorder is particularly endemic to military populations, and although numerous treatment modalities are available to veterans with PTSD, they are not all effective for every individual. Thus, numerous grassroots and private organizations have been working to pair veterans with service dogs for the treatment of PTSD ...


Psychiatric Illness And Regression In Individuals With Phelan-Mcdermid Syndrome, Teresa M. Kohlenberg, M. Pilar Trelles, Brittany McLarney, Catalina Betancur, Audrey Thurm, Alexander Kolevzon 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Psychiatric Illness And Regression In Individuals With Phelan-Mcdermid Syndrome, Teresa M. Kohlenberg, M. Pilar Trelles, Brittany Mclarney, Catalina Betancur, Audrey Thurm, Alexander Kolevzon

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is a genetic condition characterized by intellectual disability, speech and language deficits, hypotonia, autism spectrum disorder, and epilepsy. PMS is caused by 22q13.33 deletions or mutations affecting SHANK3, which codes for a critical scaffolding protein in excitatory synapses. SHANK3 variants are also known to be associated with an increased risk for regression, as well as for psychiatric disorders, including bipolar disorder and catatonia. This study aimed to further describe these phenomena in PMS and to explore any relationship between psychiatric illness and regression after early childhood.

METHODS: Thirty-eight people with PMS were recruited to this ...


Discrimination, Coping, And Depression Among Black Men Who Have Sex With Men, Andre L. Brown, Jordan Sang, Leigh Bukowski, Steven Meanley, Byron D. Brooks, Cristian Chandler 2020 University of Pittsburgh

Discrimination, Coping, And Depression Among Black Men Who Have Sex With Men, Andre L. Brown, Jordan Sang, Leigh Bukowski, Steven Meanley, Byron D. Brooks, Cristian Chandler

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) have elevated risk for depression compared to the general population. BMSM’s capacity to cope with these experiences is not well understood. Increased understanding of how multiple forms of discrimination contribute to depression and how BMSM cope with discrimination can better inform interventions. Data come from 3,510 BMSM who attended Black Pride events in six U.S. cities from 2015-2017. Participants completed a health survey that ascertained their psychosocial health and resiliency profiles. Using multivariable logistic regression models, we tested the associations between type-specific discrimination (race, sexuality, HIV status) and depression ...


Mental Health, Schooling Attainment And Polygenic Scores: Are There Significant Gene-Environment Associations?, Vikesh Amin, Jere R. Behrman, Jason M. Fletcher, Carlos A. Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, Hans-Peter Kohler 2020 Central Michigan University

Mental Health, Schooling Attainment And Polygenic Scores: Are There Significant Gene-Environment Associations?, Vikesh Amin, Jere R. Behrman, Jason M. Fletcher, Carlos A. Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

We estimate associations between a polygenic score (PGS) for depressive symptoms, schooling attainment and genetic-environmental (GxE) associations with depressive symptoms and depression for 29 years old in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) and 53 years old in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS). We find some suggestive evidence that the association of the PGS with mental health is lower for more-schooled older individuals in the WLS, but no evidence in Add Health. Quantile regression estimates also show that in the WLS the GxE associations are statistically significant only in the upper parts of the conditional depressive symptoms ...


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