Clinical Social Workers’ Perspectives On Illicit Drug Use And The Development Of Psychotic Disorders, 2017 California State University - San Bernardino
Clinical Social Workers’ Perspectives On Illicit Drug Use And The Development Of Psychotic Disorders, Asma Naseer
Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations
This purpose of this study was to explore social workers’ perspectives of drug-induced psychosis. More specifically, it sought to determine how knowledgeable clinical social workers are on the impact illicit drug use on the development of psychotic disorders. The study also aimed to discover clinical social workers’ perspectives regarding the influence of illicit drug use on the development of psychotic illnesses. This study used mixed methods approach in attempt to solve the research question. The quantitative portion of the research, an anonymous survey, allowed for the assessment of social workers’ knowledge of drug-induced psychosis. The qualitative portion of the research ...
Non Communicable Diseases In Pakistan: Burden, Challenges And Way Forward For Health Care Authorities, 2017 Aga Khan University
Non Communicable Diseases In Pakistan: Burden, Challenges And Way Forward For Health Care Authorities, Mohammad Wasay, Shehla Zaidi, Rashid Jooma
No abstract provided.
Using Mathematical Models Of Biological Processes In Genome-Wide Association Studies Of Psychiatric Disorders, 2017 University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
Using Mathematical Models Of Biological Processes In Genome-Wide Association Studies Of Psychiatric Disorders, Amy Cochran
Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference
No abstract provided.
Computational Modeling Of Contrast Sensitivity And Orientation Tuning In Schizophrenia, 2017 Rutgers University - New Brunswick/Piscataway
Computational Modeling Of Contrast Sensitivity And Orientation Tuning In Schizophrenia, Steven M. Silverstein, Docia L. Demmin, James A. Bednar
Computational modeling is being increasingly used to understand schizophrenia, but, to date, it has not been used to account for the common perceptual disturbances in the disorder. We manipulated schizophrenia-relevant parameters in the GCAL (gain control, adaptation, laterally connected) model (Stevens et al., 2013), run using the Topographica simulator (Bednar, 2012), to model low-level visual processing changes in the disorder. Our models incorporated: separate sheets for retinal, LGN, and V1 activity; gain control in the LGN; homeostatic adaptation in V1 based on a weighted sum of all inputs and limited by a logistic (sigmoid) nonlinearity; lateral excitation and inhibition in ...
Sulforaphane Treatment Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder – A Progress Report, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Sulforaphane Treatment Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder – A Progress Report, Eileen Diggins, Andrew Zimmerman, Kanwaljit Singh, Susan Connors
UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat
This ongoing clinical trial in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tests a nontoxic approach to therapy of ASD.
Background: Direct treatment of underlying mechanisms in ASD is limited. Cellular dysfunction in ASD may involve a number of related metabolic pathways. The “fever effect” in ASD, in which febrile illness dramatically but temporarily ameliorates disordered behavior, offers a clinical clue. Fever stimulates heat shock proteins (HSP) and cellular stress responses that may ultimately lead to improved synaptic function and increased long-range connectivity. The expression of gene transcription by NFE2L2 (Nrf2), which is reduced in ASD, may also increase during fever. Sulforaphane (SF ...
An Analysis Of Neurogenesis In A Mouse Model Of Chemotherapy Related Cognitive Impairment, 2017 University of Maine
An Analysis Of Neurogenesis In A Mouse Model Of Chemotherapy Related Cognitive Impairment, Maxwell A. Hennings
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Cancer patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy often experience cognitive decline following treatment. This phenomenon, often dubbed “chemo brain” or “chemo fog” is usually temporary, but for a subset of survivors, these cognitive impairments can be long-lasting (>10 years) and negatively affect patients’ quality of life, career performance, and social fulfillment. While it is unclear what neurobiological mechanisms underlie chemotherapy related cognitive impairment, the majority of the animal literature has focused on adult neurogenesis. One process important for neurogenesis is the proliferation of new neurons within the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. It is evident that many chemotherapy agents can negatively ...
Provider Based Interventions To Mitigate Risk For Opioid Pain Medication Abuse Among Adult Patients In A Primary Care Setting, 2017 University of Southern Mississippi
Provider Based Interventions To Mitigate Risk For Opioid Pain Medication Abuse Among Adult Patients In A Primary Care Setting, Sheree Lamara Conley-Donaldson
Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects
Mental and substance use disorders are predicted to exceed all physical disease processes causing major disability by 2020. Misuse and overdose of opioid pain medications is a significant public health concern in the United States. Approximately 1 in 4 patients receiving prescription opioids in primary care settings struggle with misuse. Half of all opioid prescriptions are written by primary care providers, including nurse practitioners. The purpose of this DNP project was to determine if nurse practitioner providers are implementing evidence-based practice guidelines including screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) to mitigate risk of prescription opioid pain medication misuse ...
Mental Health 101: Teaching Students And Campus Leaders How To Help Those In Crisis, 2017 University of Rhode Island
Mental Health 101: Teaching Students And Campus Leaders How To Help Those In Crisis, Megan B. Kuhnly
Senior Honors Projects
One in four Americans ages 18 and older live with a diagnosable mental health disorder. Due to this high prevalence it is very likely that everyone will encounter someone dealing with a mental health crisis in his or her lifetime. Many college students will experience a crisis during their four years of study due to the high levels of stress and psychological triggers. However, we are often not taught how to help these individuals and the resources available are not well advertised. This lack of education and awareness leads to many students being forced to suffer alone and their mental ...
The Experience Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder Through The Lens Of Abraham Lincoln: The Effects Of Mental Health Stigma, 2017 Dominican University of California
The Experience Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder Through The Lens Of Abraham Lincoln: The Effects Of Mental Health Stigma, Daryl Claude Medina
Senior Theses and Capstone Projects
Living with generalized anxiety disorder, also known as GAD, in the United States of America is difficult not only for the individual, but also for the people around him or her. Lifestyle changes have to be made, family dynamics need to be adjusted, and last but not least, all relationships must become flexible. In fact, these major life changes are never fixed and must continually adapt to the needs of the individual with generalized anxiety disorder since it is a lifelong medical condition. As with any other mental illness, dealing with generalized anxiety disorder takes great sacrifice in terms of ...
Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, 2017 Dominican University of California
Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain
Senior Theses and Capstone Projects
Our country’s healthcare system is at a moral crossroads. The way we treat those whom we call “the homeless” is deplorable. The majority of the homeless are mentally ill and need treatment. Our country needs to treat those with the severe brain diseases of schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder, and bi-polar disorder just as we would Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Those with severe mental illness, who have no insight into their illness, should not be allowed to dictate their own treatment. If a homeless person is brought to San Francisco General Hospital and is found to be a ...
Altered Resting-State Intra- And Inter- Network Functional Connectivity In Patients With Persistent Somatoform Pain Disorder, 2017 East China Normal University
Altered Resting-State Intra- And Inter- Network Functional Connectivity In Patients With Persistent Somatoform Pain Disorder, Zhiyong Zhao, Tianming Huang, Chaozheng Tang, Kaiji Ni, Xiandi Pan, Chao Yan, Xiaoduo Fan, Dongrong Xu, Yanli Luo
Open Access Articles
Patients with persistent somatoform pain disorder (PSPD) usually experience various functional impairments in pain, emotion, and cognition, which cannot be fully explained by a physiological process or a physical disorder. However, it is still not clear for the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of PSPD. The present study aimed to explore the intra- and inter-network functional connectivity (FC) differences between PSPD patients and healthy controls (HCs). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was performed in 13 PSPD patients and 23 age- and gender-matched HCs. We used independent component analysis on resting-state fMRI data to calculate intra- and inter-network FCs, and we used ...
Psycheducational Manual For Families Of People With Schizophrenia, 2017 Dominican University of California
Psycheducational Manual For Families Of People With Schizophrenia, Shiva Fatemifiroozabadi
Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2017
Although schizophrenia is a relatively rare mental dysfunction, it causes significant discomforts for the patients and their family. As this mental illness usually starts at the young ages and lingers virtually forever, it affects almost every aspect of patients and their family’s life. Schizophrenia deteriorates the individual’s ability to normally interact with others in multiple settings be it family, workplace, and society.
Moreover, the negative and mainly false perceptions towards this illness among the general public intensifies the problems of schizophrenic patients and their families. This prejudice, combined with the inherent problems of the illness, forms a recipe ...
Links Between Physical And Mental Health: Assessment Of Therapeutic Riding’S Effect On Children With Special Needs, 2017 Brescia University College
Links Between Physical And Mental Health: Assessment Of Therapeutic Riding’S Effect On Children With Special Needs, Sabah I. Hasan
Brescia Psychology Undergraduate Honours Theses
This observational study examined the effect of therapeutic riding (TR) on four domains, physical skills, positive values, social skills, and self-identity in children with special needs. Participants were recruited from SARI Therapeutic Riding and were divided, based on observation, into more or less severe diagnosis categories. It was predicted that children with less severe diagnosis would show more of an increase on the four domains, especially physical skills due to TR. Participants were observed using an observational checklist at pre- and post-riding lessons. Results showed non-significant differences in all four domains, however, there was a tendency for scores to increase ...
Personality Disorders And Epigenetics, 2017 Germanna Community College
Personality Disorders And Epigenetics, Julie Zaccagnino
Personality Disorders are characterized by chronic and pervasive maladaptive patterns which cause emotional distress to the individual, his/her relationships, and society. The purpose of analysis is to understand the causes of personality disorders. Genetic influence on personality is not a simple cause-and-effect. Several genes have been identified to be associated with personality traits but not cause personality traits. Personality disorders have been also associated with childhood trauma. Evidence in research has shown that childhood maltreatment is marked by DNA methylation of genes which promote glucocorticoid receptors in the synapses of the hippocampus and as well as serotonergic pathways. The ...
Journal Of Mind And Medical Sciences: Translational And Integrative Mission, 2017 Valparaiso University
Journal Of Mind And Medical Sciences: Translational And Integrative Mission, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Initiated four years ago, Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences (J Mind Med Sci.) established the mission to publish papers on mental and medical topics in distinct but closely interrelated domains. The editorial policy especially encourages interdisciplinary and integrative perspectives, being equally focused on basic research and clinical investigations and short reports.
The journal adheres to the philosophy that high quality, original ideas and information should be readily accessible and freely shared within and amongst the scientific community. Accordingly, J Mind Med Sci. is an online, open access, non-for-profit journal which, because of individual/ private support, has levied no charges ...
Mental Disorder And Criminal Justice, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Mental Disorder And Criminal Justice, Stephen J. Morse
This paper is a chapter that will appear in ACADEMY FOR JUSTICE, A REPORT ON SCHOLARSHIP AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM (Erik Luna ed., forthcoming 2017). The criminal law treats some people with severe mental disorders doctrinally and practically differently at virtually every stage of the criminal justice process, beginning with potential incompetence to stand trial and ending with the question of competence to be executed, and such people have special needs when they are in the system. This chapter begins by exploring the fundamental mental health information necessary to make informed judgements about how the criminal justice system should respond ...
Diet And Cognition: Data, Theory, And Some Solutions From The Playbook Of Psychology, 2017 University of California, Los Angeles
Diet And Cognition: Data, Theory, And Some Solutions From The Playbook Of Psychology, Aaron P. Blaisdell
Journal of Evolution and Health
No abstract provided.
Eating Disorders: Identifying, Assessing, And Treatment, 2017 Eating Disorders Recovery Center of Athens
Eating Disorders: Identifying, Assessing, And Treatment, Valerie M. Miranda
National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah
This presentation will address DSM-V criteria for feeding and eating disorders, demographics for eating disorders, long-term medical issues associated with eating disorders, assessment measures for feeding and eating disorders, and resources for the community. Being able to identify, assess, and treat eating disorders within the children and adolescent population is crucial in their long-term physical development and mental health as eating disorders typically begin in mid-adolescence.
Understanding Increasing College Anxiety: The Need For Anxiety Awareness Campaigns, 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Understanding Increasing College Anxiety: The Need For Anxiety Awareness Campaigns, Taylor Mosher
The following study investigates national trends toward increasing anxiety among the college student demographic with particular attention paid to the ways in which public awareness campaigns may be implemented as a method for reducing stigma, increasing awareness of anxiety conditions, and connecting students to critical resources.
In order to improve understanding surrounding student anxiety, the following research was conducted in two parts. First, secondary national research was conducted analyzing relevant literature surrounding anxiety trends among college students, the response of universities across the nation, and potential methods by which to relieve student anxiety. Following the conclusion of this research, primary ...
Rumination Is Associated With Diminished Performance Monitoring, 2017 Yale University