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Cancer Blog Narratives: The Experience Of Under-Fifty Women With Breast Cancer During Different Times After Diagnosis, Maria Luisa Martino, Anna Gargiulo, Daniela Lemmo, Giorgia Margherita 2019 Federico II University, Naples

Cancer Blog Narratives: The Experience Of Under-Fifty Women With Breast Cancer During Different Times After Diagnosis, Maria Luisa Martino, Anna Gargiulo, Daniela Lemmo, Giorgia Margherita

The Qualitative Report

The recent literature shows an increase of breast cancer in women under 50, however still few are the studies which analyse the impact of the disease in this specific target age. This study aims at exploring the most prevalent topics in Italian cancer blogs of women who have received a breast cancer diagnosis before the age of 50, in order to understand their experience of illness and the characteristics of women’s narrations at different times after diagnosis (1 year, 2 years, 3 years). We collected the textual corpus of 4 Italian breast cancer blogs and performed a thematic analysis ...


Values Vs. Self-Interest As Determinants Of Attitudes: Through A Construal Level Theory Lens, (Sometimes) Self-Interest Wins, Austin D. Eubanks 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Values Vs. Self-Interest As Determinants Of Attitudes: Through A Construal Level Theory Lens, (Sometimes) Self-Interest Wins, Austin D. Eubanks

Theses and Dissertations

The present study (n = 335) attempted to conceptually replicate Hunt, Kim, Borgida, and Chaiken (2010) with a high-powered design to investigate whether values and self-interest differentially impact attitudes depending on psychological distance. Participants were assigned to complete a task that made self- or other-focused values more accessible, then indicated their attitudes about a student fee increase at a university to fund scholarships the participants would not be eligible to receive (thus going against their own financial self-interest for the well being of someone else). The memo describing the fee increase was manipulated such that the increase would be occurring at ...


Investigating Affective Pathways For The Influence Of Justification On Self-Control, Morgan Hill 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Investigating Affective Pathways For The Influence Of Justification On Self-Control, Morgan Hill

Theses and Dissertations

People struggle with temptation in their everyday lives. Research often attributes failures in self-regulation to overwhelming and uncontrollable impulses. However, research also supports the idea that cognitive factors (e.g., justification) can license tempting behavior and allow individuals to behave in ways that run counter to their long-term goals. In addition, it is likely that affect plays a role in justification-based self-control failure. The current set of three studies investigated the role of affect in justification-based self-control failure. Study 1 tested the prediction that recall of past successes would result in increased positive affect. Study 2 assessed whether justification results ...


Resilience, Acculturative Stress, And Family Norms Against Disclosure Of Mental Health Problems Among Foreign-Born Filipino American Women, Andrew Thomas Reyes, Reimund Serafica, Chad L. Cross, Rose E. Constantino, Rogelio A. Arenas 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Resilience, Acculturative Stress, And Family Norms Against Disclosure Of Mental Health Problems Among Foreign-Born Filipino American Women, Andrew Thomas Reyes, Reimund Serafica, Chad L. Cross, Rose E. Constantino, Rogelio A. Arenas

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

The present study explores the relationships between resilience, acculturative stress, and family norms against disclosure of mental health problems among foreign-born Filipino American women. The sample consisted of 159 foreign-born Filipino American women aged 18 years and above and residing in Las Vegas, Nevada, United States. Participants completed paper-and-pencil questionnaires. Results indicated high levels of resilience and moderate levels of acculturative stress. Findings also showed a significant negative correlation between resilience and acculturative stress, and a significant predictive effect of resilience on acculturative stress. We also found a significant negative relationship between resilience and family norms against disclosure of mental ...


Searching For Wisdom: A Phenomenological Investigation Of Womens' Perspectives Following Participation In An Ovarian Cancer Supportive Care Group, Helen Butlin 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Searching For Wisdom: A Phenomenological Investigation Of Womens' Perspectives Following Participation In An Ovarian Cancer Supportive Care Group, Helen Butlin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study used a novel methodology of hermeneutic-poetic-phenomenology to explore perspectives of women living with ovarian cancer. Each had participated in a supportive care group process Soul-Medicine prior to volunteering. Three women, Beth, Carrie, and Denise contributed to this study. The methodology was grounded in Gaston Bachelard’s philosophy of poetic-phenomenology. Data was analyzed with attention to image-centred knowledge; material imagination; reverie; and horizons of hope to elucidate their implicated aspects of wisdom and the ways participant’s formed their personal wisdom integrating feminist theories of embodiment and bioethics.

Findings are framed through three images of a uniquely formed inner ...


Can Mindfulness Address Maladaptive Eating Behaviors? Why Traditional Diet Plans Fail And How New Mechanistic Insights May Lead To Novel Interventions, Judson A. Brewer, Andrea Ruf, Ariel Beccia, Gloria I. Essien, Leonard M. Finn, Remko van Lutterveld, Ashley E. Mason 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Can Mindfulness Address Maladaptive Eating Behaviors? Why Traditional Diet Plans Fail And How New Mechanistic Insights May Lead To Novel Interventions, Judson A. Brewer, Andrea Ruf, Ariel Beccia, Gloria I. Essien, Leonard M. Finn, Remko Van Lutterveld, Ashley E. Mason

Open Access Articles

Emotional and other maladaptive eating behaviors develop in response to a diversity of triggers, from psychological stress to the endless external cues in our modern food environment. While the standard approach to food- and weight-related concerns has been weight-loss through dietary restriction, these interventions have produced little long-term benefit, and may be counterproductive. A growing understanding of the behavioral and neurobiological mechanisms that underpin habit formation may explain why this approach has largely failed, and pave the way for a new generation of non-pharmacologic interventions. Here, we first review how modern food environments interact with human biology to promote reward-related ...


"Born Out Of Fear": A Grounded Theory Study Of The Stigma Of Bipolar Disorder For New Mothers, Walker Ladd Ph.D. 2018 University of Phoenix

"Born Out Of Fear": A Grounded Theory Study Of The Stigma Of Bipolar Disorder For New Mothers, Walker Ladd Ph.D.

The Qualitative Report

Childbirth is an established trigger for the onset of bipolar disorders (BD) in the postpartum period, causing significant pathology and disability. Research has shown that the stigma of mental illness for new mothers is a powerful obstacle to care, preventing women from accessing critical treatment and social support. However, the majority of research has examined the relationship between the stigma and postpartum depression, leaving a gap in knowledge regarding stigma and postpartum bipolar disorder. The problem addressed in this grounded theory study was the lack of knowledge regarding the stigma of a diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) in the first ...


Conflicts, Concerns And Family Circumstances In Custodial Grandmothers Over 8 Years, Cristina Noriega, Carol Musil, Jaclene Zauszniewski, Camille Warner 2018 Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, School of Medicine, CEU San Pablo University

Conflicts, Concerns And Family Circumstances In Custodial Grandmothers Over 8 Years, Cristina Noriega, Carol Musil, Jaclene Zauszniewski, Camille Warner

GrandFamilies: The Contemporary Journal of Research, Practice and Policy

Although many grandmothers raising grandchildren experience transitions in their roles as family strains and circumstances change, little longitudinal data has been examined. This qualitative study assessed the relationships between custodial grandmothers’ appraisals of their family conflicts and concerns and family circumstances across eight years. Participants were thirty-five Ohio grandmothers who were raising their grandchildren in 2006-2007 and provided additional self-report survey data in 2008-2009 and 2014-2015. Data were gathered from open-ended questions that were analyzed through conventional content analysis. The reported concerns were financial and emotional difficulties, grandchildren outcomes, mental and physical health of the grandchild and other family members ...


What’S Your Story? Assessing Childhood Maltreatment Using The Thematic Apperception Test In An Adult Inpatient Population., Thachell C. Tanis 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

What’S Your Story? Assessing Childhood Maltreatment Using The Thematic Apperception Test In An Adult Inpatient Population., Thachell C. Tanis

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

There is a robust evidence that childhood maltreatment contributes to the development of adult psychopathology (Brown & Anderson, 1991; Johnson, Cohen, Brown, Smailes, & Bernstein 1999; Johnson, Smailes, Cohen, Brown, & Bernstein, 2000; Ruggiero et al., 1999). However, the identification of childhood maltreatment remains a methodological problem that results in inconsistencies in the reported incidence and psychological sequelae of maltreatment. A primary method for identifying histories of childhood maltreatment among adults is retrospective self-report measures which are susceptible to multiple biases (Briere, 1992; Cicchetti & Rizley, 1981; Shaffer, Huston, & Egeland, 2008). This present study suggests that childhood maltreatment can be assessed using a projective measurement called the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) as ...


Casualties Of Racism: Racial And Ethnic Discrimination And Suicidal Thoughts And Behaviors Among Racial And Ethnic Minority Emerging Adults, Lillian Anais Polanco 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Casualties Of Racism: Racial And Ethnic Discrimination And Suicidal Thoughts And Behaviors Among Racial And Ethnic Minority Emerging Adults, Lillian Anais Polanco

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The evidence demonstrating that experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination is detrimental to the mental health of racial/ethnic minority youth is unequivocal. What remains unclear, however, is whether racial/ethnic discrimination increases vulnerability for suicidal thoughts and behaviors in particular, and if so, what are the underlying mechanisms to explain this relation. Drawing upon the Race-based Traumatic Stress Theory (Carter, 2007), which suggests that some individuals may experience racial/ethnic discrimination as a traumatic stressor, and thus, eliciting a traumatic stress response, the present study examined posttraumatic stress reactions (i.e., posttraumatic stress, depression, dissociation, stress sensitivity) as mediators in ...


Positive Altruism: Helping That Benefits Both The Recipient And Giver, Anna S. Irani 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Positive Altruism: Helping That Benefits Both The Recipient And Giver, Anna S. Irani

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive psychology is the scientific study and practice of what enables individuals and groups to thrive. Positive psychologists emphasize the significant impact social relationships have on our well-being. This paper explores altruism, which is behavior motivated by the unselfish goal of helping others. Positive altruism occurs when altruistic behavior increases the welfare of both the benefactor and beneficiary. Research suggests that the source of altruism is empathy, which is an other-focused emotional response that is elicited by and congruent with the perceived welfare of another person. While empathy can lead us to help unselfishly, it can also create bias in ...


The Myth Of Promiscuity: Examining Black Male Sexual Narratives And Sexual Identity, Seth Young 2018 Duquesne University

The Myth Of Promiscuity: Examining Black Male Sexual Narratives And Sexual Identity, Seth Young

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Black masculinity and sexuality are common topics across areas of philosophy, psychology, cultural studies and others. Yet, these topics are dedicated to the racial narrative of hypersexual Black male, the sexual objectification of Black men, and their presumed promiscuity. While such topics are important, there is little qualitative research that looks at the complexity and emotionality of African American men’s sexual experiences. Using the theoretical research on black masculinity and sexuality as its backdrop, this dissertation explores how heterosexual, African American men experience their sexuality. The study incorporates narrative inquiry and in-depth, semi-structured interviews to gather stories of five ...


Maternal Programming: Application Of A Developmental Psychopathology Perspective, Laura M. Glynn, Mariann A. Howland, Molly Fox 2018 Chapman University

Maternal Programming: Application Of A Developmental Psychopathology Perspective, Laura M. Glynn, Mariann A. Howland, Molly Fox

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

The fetal phase of life has long been recognized as a sensitive period of development. Here we posit that pregnancy represents a simultaneous sensitive period for the adult female with broad and persisting consequences for her health and development, including risk for psychopathology. In this review, we examine the transition to motherhood through the lens of developmental psychopathology. Specifically, we summarize the typical and atypical changes in brain and behavior that characterize the perinatal period. We highlight how the exceptional neuroplasticity exhibited by women during this life phase may account for increased vulnerability for psychopathology. Further, we discuss several modes ...


Structurally Rich Movement: Measuring Movement For Empirical Psychology And Examining The Dynamic Complexity Of Affect Regulation In Behavior, Michael Timothy Finn 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Structurally Rich Movement: Measuring Movement For Empirical Psychology And Examining The Dynamic Complexity Of Affect Regulation In Behavior, Michael Timothy Finn

Doctoral Dissertations

Movement not only permeates human life, but structures dimensions of experience. Phenomenological theory points to the dynamic congruency of movement and emotion, via the body schema, as shaping affectivity. For psychology, this calls for an understanding of behavior beyond being discrete events, but also manifesting kinetic melodies. Yet there is a gap in existing methodology for empirically studying the three-dimensional characteristics of human movement continuously across segments of the body. A potential line of research in this area, implicit affect regulation capacities, was described to inform the selection of instrumentation, measurement, and calculations of dynamic structure that would, theoretically, best ...


Improving Analogical Reasoning Skills In Adolescence Through Figurative Music Lyric Exposure: Towards Better Decision-Making Skills, Shannon S. Clark 2018 Australian Catholic University

Improving Analogical Reasoning Skills In Adolescence Through Figurative Music Lyric Exposure: Towards Better Decision-Making Skills, Shannon S. Clark

Theses

Adolescents are known through both anecdotal and empirical research to be poor descision-makers; especially when risk is involved. Numerous factors are highlighted as influential to descision-making in adolescence; however, no complete understanding has been offered despite the endeavour. Understanding is suggested to be key to decision-making, and analogical reasoning is key to understanding. In addition, figurative-language comprehension skills are reported to be practically identical in their neurological mapping as analogical reasoning skills. Furthermore, lyrical music can be heavily represented by figurative language; and adolescents are exposed to lyrical musical for up to a quarter of their waking days. The existing ...


Journey Interrupted: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Miscarriage, Marit A. Watson, Vanessa D. Jewell, Sarah L. Smith 2018 Creighton University

Journey Interrupted: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Miscarriage, Marit A. Watson, Vanessa D. Jewell, Sarah L. Smith

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Miscarriage is a significant life event that impacts occupational performance, identity, and competence and that influences perceptions of motherhood. Because of the lack of social rituals often attributed to the death of a loved one, miscarriages may result in disenfranchised grief, which impedes coping.

Methods: This phenomenological study explored the impact of miscarriage on relationships, perceptions of motherhood, and the meaning of occupation in the context of grief. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews (N = 4) and completion of a brief demographic questionnaire. The interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, and reviewed to ensure accuracy. Using inductive thematic analysis ...


An Investigation Of The Neurobiology Of Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures, Finian O'Brien 2018 The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

An Investigation Of The Neurobiology Of Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures, Finian O'Brien

PhD theses

Background: Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are paroxysmal episodes of seizure-like behaviour that superficially resemble epileptic events, but lack EEG correlates of epilepsy. Diagnosis is often delayed and the condition is associated with significant impairments of general functioning. At the time that this project was commenced, there were few neuropsychological studies of PNES and the neural correlates of this condition were unknown.

Aims: This project aimed to firstly, examine the prevalence and management of PNES in an Irish epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) and secondly to examine neuropsychiatric, neuropsychological, structural and functional neuroimaging correlates of adults with PNES.

Methods: Standardised assessments and ...


Empirical Validation Of The Genetic Psychosocial Risk Instrument – French Version (Gpri-F), Christine Maheu, Mary Jane Esplen, Xin Gao, Irakli Dzneladze, Hao Bai, François Eisinger, Claire Julian-Reynier 2018 McGill University

Empirical Validation Of The Genetic Psychosocial Risk Instrument – French Version (Gpri-F), Christine Maheu, Mary Jane Esplen, Xin Gao, Irakli Dzneladze, Hao Bai, François Eisinger, Claire Julian-Reynier

Science of Nursing and Health Practices - Science infirmière et pratiques en santé

Objective. This study sought to validate a French version of the Genetic Psychosocial Risk Instrument (GPRI), an instrument used to screen for psychosocial risk in individuals undergoing genetic testing for adult-onset hereditary disease (AOHD). Methods. The French translation of the GPRI (GPRI-F) was first validated linguistically with ten French individuals undergoing genetic testing for AOHD. Then, a psychometric evaluation of the GPRI-F was carried out with a separate cohort of 132 individuals. Convergent validity was assessed with the Impact of Event Scale (IES) and the Perceived Risk Scale (PR), while divergent validity was assessed with a quality of life measure ...


Preventing Prejudiced Psychological Practice: Social Justice Education In Undergraduate Psychology Programs, Rachel Roewer 2018 University of Washington Tacoma

Preventing Prejudiced Psychological Practice: Social Justice Education In Undergraduate Psychology Programs, Rachel Roewer

Global Honors Theses

In order to provide sufficient mental health care services and produce ethical research, psychologists must be motivated to inhibit their personal biases. Bias in psychological research and mental health care settings can contribute to the perpetuation of oppression, preventing clients who identify with marginalized groups from receiving adequate mental health services. Prejudice amongst mental health care providers can influence misdiagnosis and wrongful prescription of medication. Psychological research informs clinical practices, thus biased research can lead to prejudiced mental health care practices. To ensure that members of marginalized groups receive effective health care, there is a global need for ethical, culturally ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


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