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Anesthesia and Analgesia Commons

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Administering Dexamethasone Prior To Peripheral Nerve Blocks, Jacob Millwood 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

Administering Dexamethasone Prior To Peripheral Nerve Blocks, Jacob Millwood

Doctoral Projects

Post-operative pain creates burdens for the patient and their family members while also drastically increasing the price of cost to the healthcare system. The Institute of Medicine Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education states that the annual economic cost of chronic pain in adults is $560-630 billion (IOM, 2011). Regional anesthesia has been shown to provide potent analgesia that often times leads to a reduction in systemic analgesic requirements, opioid related side effects, general anesthesia requirements, and possibly the incidence of chronic post-operative pain. There are several adjunct medications that can be combined with peripheral nerve blocks to …


In Silico Study Of Newly Synthesized Opioid Analgesics Bound To Three Opioid Receptors, Abdullah Allaoa, Mai Zahran 2017 CUNY New York City College of Technology

In Silico Study Of Newly Synthesized Opioid Analgesics Bound To Three Opioid Receptors, Abdullah Allaoa, Mai Zahran

Publications and Research

Opioids are the most widely used drugs for the treatment of moderate to severe, chronic pain. They achieve antinociception by activation of mu (MOR-1), kappa (KOR-1), and delta (DOR-1) opioid receptors. Natural products found in kratom plant, Mitragyna speciosa, represent diverse chemical groups with opioid activity, providing opportunities to better understand opioid pharmacology. Pharmacology studies show that Mitragynine pseudoindoxyl is a mu agonist/delta antagonist opioid with a signaling bias for G-protein-mediated signaling pathways in vitro and which produced potent antinociception in vivo. Respiratory depression assays along with other behavioral testing also showed that some of the major problems …


Effects Of Lower Extremity Aerobic Exercise And Conditioned Pain Modulation On Evoked Shoulder Pain, Logan Lumpkins, Craig Wassinger 2017 East Tennessee State University

Effects Of Lower Extremity Aerobic Exercise And Conditioned Pain Modulation On Evoked Shoulder Pain, Logan Lumpkins, Craig Wassinger

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Emerging evidence suggests that aerobic exercise and conditioned pain modulation may be advocated in treating patients with musculoskeletal pain. The effects of lower extremity aerobic exercise and conditioned pain modulation on evoked shoulder pain are not known.

Purpose: To determine the acute effects of lower extremity aerobic exercise and conditioned pain modulation on outcomes of evoked shoulder pain from pain pressure threshold measurements.

Study Design: Repeated measures.

Methods: Thirty (30) healthy volunteers were tested over the course of two sessions. Session 1 consisted of collecting pain pressure threshold measurements over the infraspinatus before and immediately following a conditioned pain …


Peri-Operative Regional Nerve Blocks (Pnb) In The Treatment Of Pain In Patients Undergoing Operative Fixation Of Lower Extremity Fractures, Joshua K. Radi 2017 Western Michigan University

Peri-Operative Regional Nerve Blocks (Pnb) In The Treatment Of Pain In Patients Undergoing Operative Fixation Of Lower Extremity Fractures, Joshua K. Radi

Dissertations

This research explores current approaches to managing pain control in patients undergoing operative fixation of lower extremity fractures. As opioid use in the U.S. and abroad increases, alternative methods of treating and preventing opioid requirements are being examined. Patients with lower extremity fractures are susceptible to nonunion when anti-inflammatories are consumed, so alternative approaches are warranted. One such alternative, a peri-operative regional nerve block (PNB), is accomplished by injecting local anesthetic adjacent to one or more peripheral nerves supplying the area of the fracture to decrease pain (Fowler, Symons, Sabato, & Myles, 2008). The goal of this research was to …


Anaesthetic Management Of Nesidioblastosis In Two Infants, Muhammad Saad Yousuf, Mohsin Nazir, Fauzia Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Anaesthetic Management Of Nesidioblastosis In Two Infants, Muhammad Saad Yousuf, Mohsin Nazir, Fauzia Khan

Department of Anaesthesia

Nesidioblastosis is the most common cause of non-transient, recurrent and persistent hypoglycaemia in neonates and infants. It is a disorder of diffuse proliferation of beta cells of the pancreas leading to hyperinsulinemia and hypoglycaemia. The main aim is to prevent the severe episodes of hypoglycaemia which can cause damage to the brain and/or mental retardation. In this case report we present two cases of nesidioblastosis and their perioperative anaesthetic course for near-total pancreatectomy. First case was a 7 months old female who had repeated episodes of convulsions since birth. Second case was a 4-month-old female child who again presented with …


Response To Comment On Mohammad Hamid Et Al (J Pak Med Assoc 67: 1019; 2017) - Incidence And Pattern Of Thrombocytopenia In Cardiac Surgery Patients, Khalid Ahsan 2017 Aga Khan University

Response To Comment On Mohammad Hamid Et Al (J Pak Med Assoc 67: 1019; 2017) - Incidence And Pattern Of Thrombocytopenia In Cardiac Surgery Patients, Khalid Ahsan

Department of Anaesthesia

No abstract provided.


Higher Midazolam Clearance In Obese Adolescents Compared With Morbidly Obese Adults., Anne van Rongen, Margreke J E Brill, Janelle D Vaughns, Pyry A J Välitalo, Eric P A van Dongen, Bert van Ramshorst, Jeffrey S Barrett, Johannes N van den Anker, Catherijne A J Knibbe 2017 George Washington University

Higher Midazolam Clearance In Obese Adolescents Compared With Morbidly Obese Adults., Anne Van Rongen, Margreke J E Brill, Janelle D Vaughns, Pyry A J Välitalo, Eric P A Van Dongen, Bert Van Ramshorst, Jeffrey S Barrett, Johannes N Van Den Anker, Catherijne A J Knibbe

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Publications

Background

The clearance of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A substrates is reported to be reduced with lower age, inflammation and obesity. As it is unknown what the overall influence is of these factors in the case of obese adolescents vs. morbidly obese adults, we studied covariates influencing the clearance of the CYP3A substrate midazolam in a combined analysis of data from obese adolescents and morbidly obese adults.

Methods

Data from 19 obese adolescents [102.7 kg (62–149.5 kg)] and 20 morbidly obese adults [144 kg (112–186 kg)] receiving intravenous midazolam were analysed, using population pharmacokinetic modelling (NONMEM 7.2). In the covariate analysis, …


Data On The Effect Of Sex On The Size, Cellular Content, And Neuronal Density Of The Developing Brain In Mice Exposed To Isoflurane And Carbon Monoxid, L Wang, A Wang, W W. Supplee, K Koffler, Y Cheng, Z M.N. Quezado, R J. Levy 2017 George Washington University

Data On The Effect Of Sex On The Size, Cellular Content, And Neuronal Density Of The Developing Brain In Mice Exposed To Isoflurane And Carbon Monoxid, L Wang, A Wang, W W. Supplee, K Koffler, Y Cheng, Z M.N. Quezado, R J. Levy

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Publications

The data presented here detail the changes in size, cellular content, and neuronal density of the developing brain over time with respect to sex in C57Bl/6 mice following neonatal exposure to isoflurane, carbon monoxide, or their combination. Specifically, brain weight- and brain volume-to-body weight ratios are presented, representative immunoblots of whole brain cell-specific protein content are depicted, and quantification of the number of neurons in the primary somatosensory cortex and CA3 region of the hippocampus are shown. Three discrete postnatal time points are represented: P7 (prior to exposure), P14 (one-week post exposure), and P42-56 (5–7 weeks post exposure). Major findings …


Portosystemic Shunts In Cats: Management And Care, Rachael E. Konke 2017 Kennesaw State University

Portosystemic Shunts In Cats: Management And Care, Rachael E. Konke

Master of Arts in Professional Writing Capstones

Portosystemic Shunts in Cats: Management and Care is an informative technical manual developed for veterinary professionals and caretakers of cats with portosystemic shunts. A portosystemic shunt is a complex and rare circulatory deformity in which unfiltered blood bypasses the liver and circulates throughout the body causing serious complications. Portosystemic Shunts in Cats: Management and Care details portosystemic specifics, symptoms, treatment, and proper everyday care for cats with portosystemic shunts.


Subanesthetic Ketamine For Pain Management In Hospitalized Children, Adolescents, And Young Adults: A Single-Center Cohort Study, K A. Sheehy, C Lippoid, A L. Rice, R Nobrega, Julia C. Finkel, Zenaide Quezado 2017 George Washington University

Subanesthetic Ketamine For Pain Management In Hospitalized Children, Adolescents, And Young Adults: A Single-Center Cohort Study, K A. Sheehy, C Lippoid, A L. Rice, R Nobrega, Julia C. Finkel, Zenaide Quezado

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Publications

1Division of Anesthesiology, Pain, and Perioperative Medicine, The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children’s Research Institute, Children’s National Health System, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 2Center for Neuroscience Research, Children’s Research Institute, Children’s National Health System, Washington, DC, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Subanesthetic doses of ketamine, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist used as an adjuvant to opioid for the treatment of pain in adults with acute and chronic pain, have been shown, in some instances, to improve pain intensity and to decrease opioid intake. However, less is …


Ultrasound-Guided Vascular Access: An Evolving Standard Of Care Clinical Practice, Which Is Extremely Under-Utilized In Pakistan, Mohammad Irfan Akhtar, Mohammad Hamid, Fauzia Minai 2017 Aga Khan University

Ultrasound-Guided Vascular Access: An Evolving Standard Of Care Clinical Practice, Which Is Extremely Under-Utilized In Pakistan, Mohammad Irfan Akhtar, Mohammad Hamid, Fauzia Minai

Department of Anaesthesia

No abstract provided.


Increasing Ed Use Of Jet Injection Of Lidocaine For Iv-Related Pain Management., Shobhit Jain, Mary A. Hegenbarth, Sharon Humiston, Erin Gunter, Lynn Anson, Joan Giovanni 2017 Children's Mercy Hospital

Increasing Ed Use Of Jet Injection Of Lidocaine For Iv-Related Pain Management., Shobhit Jain, Mary A. Hegenbarth, Sharon Humiston, Erin Gunter, Lynn Anson, Joan Giovanni

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Venipuncture is a leading cause of procedural pain for children. Jet injection of lidocaine (JIL; J-Tip) has been demonstrated to be effective in controlling intravenous (IV) placement-related pain and, due to its rapid onset, is particularly suited to emergency department (ED) use. Our objective was to increase JIL use with IV placements in our ED from 11% at baseline to 50% within 12 months.

METHODS: We initiated the project at our urban, tertiary pediatric ED in July 2014. We surveyed medical and nursing teams to identify barriers to JIL use. We initiated changes at monthly intervals: (1) …


Emerging Protagonists In Cancer Metastasis: An Oath Of Allegiance By Platelets, Akbar Shoukat Ali, Arzoo Ajaz, Heeba Hamid 2017 Aga Khan University

Emerging Protagonists In Cancer Metastasis: An Oath Of Allegiance By Platelets, Akbar Shoukat Ali, Arzoo Ajaz, Heeba Hamid

Department of Anaesthesia

No abstract provided.


Physical Manipulation Of Larynx As A Technique For Insertion Of Nasogastric Tube, Sheema Siraj, Mehmood Mian, Fauzia Anis Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Physical Manipulation Of Larynx As A Technique For Insertion Of Nasogastric Tube, Sheema Siraj, Mehmood Mian, Fauzia Anis Khan

Department of Anaesthesia

No abstract provided.


Anaesthetic Management In A Child With Goldenhar Syndrome, Waqas Ahmed Khan, Bushra Salim, Ausaf Ahmed Khan, Shakaib Chughtai 2017 Aga Khan University

Anaesthetic Management In A Child With Goldenhar Syndrome, Waqas Ahmed Khan, Bushra Salim, Ausaf Ahmed Khan, Shakaib Chughtai

Department of Anaesthesia

Goldenhar syndrome is a congenital disorder involving deformities of the face. It usually affects one side of the face only and poses significant challenges in the airway management. We herein, report an 8-year boy, known case of Goldenhar syndrome, who presented to our radiology suite for a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain, followed by a computed tomography (CT) scan brain. The boy had various features of Goldenhar syndrome, e.g. cleft palate, absent right eye and ear, right mandibular hypoplasia, micrognathia, and preauricular tags. His developmental milestones were delayed. Airway evaluation showed Mallampati class II with limited movements of head and …


Another Approach For Prone Positioning Under General Anaesthesia, Dileep Kumar, Mohammad Hamid, Kelash Kumar 2017 Aga Khan University

Another Approach For Prone Positioning Under General Anaesthesia, Dileep Kumar, Mohammad Hamid, Kelash Kumar

Department of Anaesthesia

No abstract provided.


Topical Anaesthetics For Pain Control During Repair Of Dermal Laceration., Baraa O. Tayeb, Anthony Eidelman, Cristy L. Eidelman, Ewan D. McNicol, Daniel B. Carr 2017 Children's Mercy Hospital

Topical Anaesthetics For Pain Control During Repair Of Dermal Laceration., Baraa O. Tayeb, Anthony Eidelman, Cristy L. Eidelman, Ewan D. Mcnicol, Daniel B. Carr

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Topical local anaesthetics provide effective analgesia for patients undergoing numerous superficial procedures, including repair of dermal lacerations. The need for cocaine in topical anaesthetic formulations has been questioned because of concern about adverse effects, thus novel preparations of cocaine-free anaesthetics have been developed. This review was originally published in 2011 and has been updated in 2017.

OBJECTIVES: To assess whether benefits of non-invasive topical anaesthetic application occur at the expense of decreased analgesic efficacy. To compare the efficacy of various single-component or multi-component topical anaesthetic agents for repair of dermal lacerations. To determine the clinical necessity for topical application …


Using Quality Improvement Methods To Increase Use Of Pain Prevention Strategies For Childhood Vaccination., Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Amanda D. Deacy, Rebecca J. Johnson, Jolynn Parker, Kristi Williams, Dustin Wallace, Mark Connelly, Lynn Anson, Kevin Mroczka 2017 Children’s Mercy Hospital

Using Quality Improvement Methods To Increase Use Of Pain Prevention Strategies For Childhood Vaccination., Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Amanda D. Deacy, Rebecca J. Johnson, Jolynn Parker, Kristi Williams, Dustin Wallace, Mark Connelly, Lynn Anson, Kevin Mroczka

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

AIM: To increase evidence-based pain prevention strategy use during routine vaccinations in a pediatric primary care clinic using quality improvement methodology.

METHODS: Specific intervention strategies (i.e., comfort positioning, nonnutritive sucking and sucrose analgesia, distraction) were identified, selected and introduced in three waves, using a Plan-Do-Study-Act framework. System-wide change was measured from baseline to post-intervention by: (1) percent of vaccination visits during which an evidence-based pain prevention strategy was reported as being used; and (2) caregiver satisfaction ratings following the visit. Additionally, self-reported staff and caregiver attitudes and beliefs about pain prevention were measured at baseline and 1-year post-intervention …


An Analysis Of Perioperative Adverse Neurological Events Associated With Anesthetic Management At A Tertiary Care Center Of A Developing Country, Fauzia Anis Khan, Sobia Khan, Gauhar Afshan 2017 Aga Khan University

An Analysis Of Perioperative Adverse Neurological Events Associated With Anesthetic Management At A Tertiary Care Center Of A Developing Country, Fauzia Anis Khan, Sobia Khan, Gauhar Afshan

Department of Anaesthesia

Background and Aims: Existing literature on neurological complications related to anesthesia is reported from affluent countries but the trends may vary in less affluent countries.MATERIAL AND Methods: The objective was to find the associated factors contributing to neurological adverse events occurring within 48 h of anesthesia and surgery. The existing departmental morbidity and mortality database was reviewed from 1992 to 2012 for major adverse neurological events. A standardized methodology was used in reviewing and classifying the data. All adverse events were predefined and categorized before filling the form into the following headers; meningitis, cord/plexus/peripheral nerve injury, stroke, paraparesis/paraplegia/quadriparesis/or quadriplegia, new …


Multi-Organ Dysfunction Secondary To Yellow Scorpion Sting, Muhammad Faisal Khan, Hameed Ullah 2017 Aga Khan University

Multi-Organ Dysfunction Secondary To Yellow Scorpion Sting, Muhammad Faisal Khan, Hameed Ullah

Department of Anaesthesia

Scorpion stings are common in tropical and subtropical regions. The history and clinical manifestation warrant urgent recognition and treatment. The incidence of scorpion stings in Pakistan is not known as there is no published data available in literature. We report our experience of a yellow scorpion sting victim who required intensive care admission after developing multi-organ dysfunction.


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