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Anesthesia and Analgesia Commons

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Availability Of Pain Medications For Npo Patients, Anna Augustin DO, Kyle Borodunovich DO, Sean Quinonez DO, Furqan Haq, My Myers MD 2019 HCA Healthcare

Availability Of Pain Medications For Npo Patients, Anna Augustin Do, Kyle Borodunovich Do, Sean Quinonez Do, Furqan Haq, My Myers Md

Family Medicine

In recent years, the opioid epidemic has been a key catalyst in changing the medical standards for treating both acute and chronic pain. Instead of relying heavily on narcotics for pain management, practitioners are not encouraged to adapt a non-pharmacologic, non-opioid approach to analgesia. While many guidelines have been set to standardize outpatient pain management, the rules surrounding inpatient analgesia are limited or lacking.


A Case Of Cannot Intubate, Cannot Ventilate, Evan Davidson MD, Su Min Oon 2019 HCA Healthcare

A Case Of Cannot Intubate, Cannot Ventilate, Evan Davidson Md, Su Min Oon

Anesthesiology

69M with a PMH of parotid gland carcinoma status post resection and radiation therapy with extensive reconstruction, G-tube placement, COPD, multiple tracheostomies with takedowns (with refusal permanent tracheostomy over objections of family members) presented for CTR and ulnar tunnel exploration. With plans of MAC, an axillary block was placed and maintained on minimal propofol infusion. After administration of 50 mcg fentanyl due to pain, he was noted to be apnic. Ventilation via mask and #3 LMA failed, as well as placement of an 6 mm ET tube. Eventually, patient was ventilated via emergency surgical cricothyroidotomy. He was discharged on POD4.


Comparison Of Post-Operative Pain Control Modalities For Pectus Excavatum Repair, Charlene Dekonenko 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Comparison Of Post-Operative Pain Control Modalities For Pectus Excavatum Repair, Charlene Dekonenko

Presentations

This study compares patient outcomes following pectus excavatum repair using cryoablation, epidural, or patient-controlled analgesia for post-operative pain control. Primary outcome: length of stay
Secondary outcomes: operative time, pain scores, time to only oral analgesics.
Conclusion: Intercostal cryoablation during minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair significantly reduces length of stay and time to oral analgesics alone.


The Effect Of The Implementation Of A Quarterly Triad Tool In The Pain Clinic Setting On The Assessment And Mitigation Of Risks In Patients On Chronic Opioid Therapy, Caroline Asava 2019 Valparaiso University

The Effect Of The Implementation Of A Quarterly Triad Tool In The Pain Clinic Setting On The Assessment And Mitigation Of Risks In Patients On Chronic Opioid Therapy, Caroline Asava

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

The concurrent use of opioids and benzodiazepines (BZDs poses a formidable challenge for clinicians who manage chronic pain. While the escalating use of opioid analgesics for the treatment of chronic pain and the concomitant rise in opioid-related abuse and misuse are widely recognized trends, the contribution of combination use of BZDs, alcohol, and/or other sedative agents to opioid-related morbidity and mortality is underappreciated, even when these agents are used appropriately. Patients with chronic pain who use opioid analgesics along with BZDs have a defined increase in rates of adverse events, overdose, and death, warranting close monitoring. To improve patient outcomes, …


Utilizing Simulation To Implement Cognitive Aids In The Operating Room, Kaitlyn Brown 2019 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Utilizing Simulation To Implement Cognitive Aids In The Operating Room, Kaitlyn Brown

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Operating room crises require prompt, efficient action to avoid detrimental outcomes. Research shows that crisis checklists or other cognitive aids assist anesthesia providers in taking prompt action while improving efficiency by decreasing treatment steps missed during critical events.

Objectives: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness of incorporating cardiac arrest and malignant hyperthermia crisis checklists into the operating room using high-fidelity simulation-based education.

Methods: Researchers implemented the Stanford Emergency Manual Cognitive Aids for cardiac arrest and malignant hyperthermia to anesthesia staff at a community hospital in southern Illinois with 18 participants. Implementation consisted of an education …


Children And Their Parents’ Assessment Of Postoperative Surgical Pain: Agree Or Disagree?, Olivia Kaminsky, Michelle Fortier, Brooke N. Jenkins, Robert S. Stevenson, Jeffrey I. Gold, Jeannie Zuk, Brenda Golianu, Sherrie H. Kaplan, Zeev N. Kain 2019 University of California, Irvine

Children And Their Parents’ Assessment Of Postoperative Surgical Pain: Agree Or Disagree?, Olivia Kaminsky, Michelle Fortier, Brooke N. Jenkins, Robert S. Stevenson, Jeffrey I. Gold, Jeannie Zuk, Brenda Golianu, Sherrie H. Kaplan, Zeev N. Kain

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Objective

The purpose of this study is to compare postoperative pain scores between children undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) surgery and their parents, identify potential predictors for this disagreement, and determine possible impact on analgesic administration.

Methods

This is a prospective longitudinal study conducted with children undergoing outpatient T&A in 4 major tertiary hospitals and their parents. Children and their parents were enrolled prior to surgery and completed baseline psychological instruments assessing parental anxiety (STAI), parental coping style (MBSS), child temperament (EAS) and parental medication administration attitude questionnaire (MAQ). Postoperatively, parents and children completed at-home pain severity ratings (Faces Pain …


Pain Management For Intrauterine Device Insertion And Endometrial Biopsy, Michelle Lipton-Carroll 2019 Valparaiso University

Pain Management For Intrauterine Device Insertion And Endometrial Biopsy, Michelle Lipton-Carroll

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Intrauterine device (IUD) insertions and endometrial biopsies (EMB) can be painful in office gynecological procedures. In the clinical setting used for this evidence-based project (EBP) it was noted there was no consistent pain management being used for these procedures. For this EBP project a protocol for pain management during IUD insertions and EMBs was developed and implemented into this clinical setting. The protocol was created from an exhaustive literature search, which yielded six pieces of high-level evidence of good quality. The evidence supported the use of a 1% lidocaine paracervical block prior to IUD insertion and a 2% lidocaine intrauterine …


Changing Healthcare Provider And Parent Behaviors In The Pediatric Post‐Anesthesia‐Care‐Unit To Reduce Child Pain: Nurse And Parent Training In Postoperative Stress (Np‐Tips), Brooke N. Jenkins, Michelle Fortier, Robert S. Stevenson, Mai Makhlouf, Paulina Lim, Remy Converse, Zeev N. Kain 2019 Chapman University

Changing Healthcare Provider And Parent Behaviors In The Pediatric Post‐Anesthesia‐Care‐Unit To Reduce Child Pain: Nurse And Parent Training In Postoperative Stress (Np‐Tips), Brooke N. Jenkins, Michelle Fortier, Robert S. Stevenson, Mai Makhlouf, Paulina Lim, Remy Converse, Zeev N. Kain

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Children who undergo surgery experience significant pain in the post anesthesia care unit. Nurse and parent behaviors in the post anesthesia care unit directly impact child postoperative pain. Therefore, we have developed and evaluated (Phase 1) and then tested (Phase 2) the feasibility of a new intervention (Nurse and Parent Training in Postoperative Stress) to alter parent and nurse behaviors in a way consistent with reducing child postoperative pain.

Methods

In Phase 1, a multidisciplinary team of experts (physicians, nurses, and psychologists) developed an empirically‐based intervention which was then evaluated by experienced nurses (N = 8) and parents …


Pediatric Erythromelalgia Treated With Epidural Ropivacaine Infusion, Caroline E. Lee, Kelly Paulk, Kristen Garvie, Elizabeth Grieshaber, Jeffrey Carter, Brian Ball 2019 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Pediatric Erythromelalgia Treated With Epidural Ropivacaine Infusion, Caroline E. Lee, Kelly Paulk, Kristen Garvie, Elizabeth Grieshaber, Jeffrey Carter, Brian Ball

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Npo Or Ama? Patients Allowed Clear Liquids Up To 2 Hours Pre-Procedure Have Equivalent Aspiration Risk And Increased Patient Satisfaction, Erich Smith 2019 University of Wayne State Medical School

Npo Or Ama? Patients Allowed Clear Liquids Up To 2 Hours Pre-Procedure Have Equivalent Aspiration Risk And Increased Patient Satisfaction, Erich Smith

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Itou K, Fukuyama T, Sasabuchi Y, et al. Safety and efficacy of oral rehydration therapy until 2 h before surgery: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Journal of Anesthesia. 2012;26(1):20-27. doi: 10.1007/s00540-011-1261-x.


Non-Human Animals Providing Rescue In Medical Emergencies, Rainer Spiegel 2019 University of Tuebingen (Germany), BG Trauma Hospital Tuebingen

Non-Human Animals Providing Rescue In Medical Emergencies, Rainer Spiegel

Animal Sentience

In their target article, Chapman & Huffman challenge the quotation of Sir William Osler that the desire to take medication distinguishes humans from non-human animals. They provide examples of self-medication in non-human animals. Based on these examples, it can be inferred that non-human animals practice at least some form of medicine for symptom control. I would like to extend this view by showing that non-human animals not only provide self-medication, but also rescue others facing emergencies.


Protecting Patients Who Lack A Voice, Rainer Spiegel 2019 University of Tuebingen (Germany), BG Trauma Hospital Tuebingen

Protecting Patients Who Lack A Voice, Rainer Spiegel

Animal Sentience

Neither human young today nor future human generations nor non-human species have a voice in protecting the biosphere. Treves et al. propose courts and trustees for defending their interests. I describe an analogy with attempts to represent the interests of children and comatose patients in medicine.


Development Of A Descriptive Model Of Flow Disruption Effect On Bypass Time In A Cardiovascular Operating Room, Timothy J. Disher 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Development Of A Descriptive Model Of Flow Disruption Effect On Bypass Time In A Cardiovascular Operating Room, Timothy J. Disher

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

The current paper proposes utilizing extant flow disruption data, collected from two cardiovascular operating rooms, and utilizing that to develop a mathematical model. Of particular interest is bypass time which is a critical surgical phase, the length of which has been linked to post-operation complications such as hospital-borne infections and readmission. By developing a model that predicts bypass time, the present research can determine the impact by types of flow disruptions – coded based on the RIPCHORD-TWA taxonomy, team member disrupted, and where in the surgery the FD occurs.

After a review of literature, a variety of models were explored …


Continuous Epidural Analgesia For Postoperative Pain Management: A Policy Analysis, Madison Nowell 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

Continuous Epidural Analgesia For Postoperative Pain Management: A Policy Analysis, Madison Nowell

Doctoral Projects

Postoperative pain management is a necessary component of the care of every surgical patient. Epidural analgesia is a widely used method to provide excellent postoperative pain relief and enhance postoperative recovery (Sawhney, 2012). Epidural analgesia is associated with fewer side effects than alternative pain management techniques; however, when epidural catheters are managed improperly, or pain is inadequately assessed, epidural analgesia fails to provide adequate pain relief (Deni et al., 2016). More than 80% of surgical patients experience moderate to severe postoperative pain, and 28 to 50% of these patients have a pain score greater than 6 out of 10 at …


Adaptation Of Microelectrode Array Technology For The Study Of Anesthesia-Induced Neurotoxicity In The Intact Piglet Brain, Emily D. Geyer, Prithvi A. Shetty, Christopher J. Suozzi, David Z. Allen, Pamela P. Benavidez, Joseph Liu, Charles N. Hollis, Greg A. Gerhardt, Jorge E. Quintero, Jason J. Burmeister, Emmett E. Whitaker 2018 The Ohio State University

Adaptation Of Microelectrode Array Technology For The Study Of Anesthesia-Induced Neurotoxicity In The Intact Piglet Brain, Emily D. Geyer, Prithvi A. Shetty, Christopher J. Suozzi, David Z. Allen, Pamela P. Benavidez, Joseph Liu, Charles N. Hollis, Greg A. Gerhardt, Jorge E. Quintero, Jason J. Burmeister, Emmett E. Whitaker

Neuroscience Faculty Publications

Every year, millions of children undergo anesthesia for a multitude of procedures. However, studies in both animals and humans have called into question the safety of anesthesia in children, implicating anesthetics as potentially toxic to the brain in development. To date, no studies have successfully elucidated the mechanism(s) by which anesthesia may be neurotoxic. Animal studies allow investigation of such mechanisms, and neonatal piglets represent an excellent model to study these effects due to their striking developmental similarities to the human brain.

This protocol adapts the use of enzyme-based microelectrode array (MEA) technology as a novel way to study the …


Dexmedetomidine (Precedex) Induced Fever, Patrick DeAlmeida DO, Michael Matrale DO 2018 Rowan University SOM

Dexmedetomidine (Precedex) Induced Fever, Patrick Dealmeida Do, Michael Matrale Do

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Precedex is an intravenous, α-2 receptor agonist broadly used for analgesia, maintenance of sedation, and alcohol withdrawal treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU).

The most commonly reported adverse effects associated with precedex are hypotension and bradycardia1.

Fever has been reported with a 5-7% incidence rate. Our case shows a very impressive pyrexia in a 49 year old patient most likely associated to Precedex. When compared to the previously three reported cases his fever reached the largest value (T= 107ºF).

As its use becomes more and more common in the ICU, clinicians should be aware of this adverse effect especially …


The Corticosteroid Compounds Prednisolone And Vamorolone Do Not Alter The Nociception Phenotype And Exacerbate Liver Injury In Sickle Cell Mice., Luis E F Almeida, Jesse M Damsker, Sarah Albani, Nina Afsar, Sayuri Kamimura, Drew Pratt, David E Kleiner, Martha Quezado, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Zenaide M N Quezado 2018 George Washington University

The Corticosteroid Compounds Prednisolone And Vamorolone Do Not Alter The Nociception Phenotype And Exacerbate Liver Injury In Sickle Cell Mice., Luis E F Almeida, Jesse M Damsker, Sarah Albani, Nina Afsar, Sayuri Kamimura, Drew Pratt, David E Kleiner, Martha Quezado, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Zenaide M N Quezado

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Publications

Clinicians often hesitate prescribing corticosteroids to treat corticosteroid-responsive conditions in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients because their use can be associated with complications (increased hospital readmission, rebound pain, strokes, avascular necrosis, acute chest syndrome). Consequently, SCD patients may receive suboptimal treatment for corticosteroid-responsive conditions. We conducted a preclinical trial of dissociative (vamorolone) and conventional (prednisolone) corticosteroid compounds to evaluate their effects on nociception phenotype, inflammation, and organ dysfunction in SCD mice. Prednisolone and vamorolone had no significant effects on nociception phenotype or anemia in homozygous mice. Conversely, prednisolone and vamorolone significantly decreased white blood cell counts and hepatic inflammation. Interestingly, …


Refrigerated Stability Of Diluted Cisatracurium, Rocuronium, And Vecuronium For Skin Testing After Perioperative Anaphylaxis, Kristen Dinsmore, Bethany Campbell, Timothy Archibald, Greg Mosier, Stacy Brown PhD, Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada MD 2018 East Tennessee State University

Refrigerated Stability Of Diluted Cisatracurium, Rocuronium, And Vecuronium For Skin Testing After Perioperative Anaphylaxis, Kristen Dinsmore, Bethany Campbell, Timothy Archibald, Greg Mosier, Stacy Brown Phd, Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada Md

Appalachian Student Research Forum

Rationale: The purpose of this study is to investigate the stored stability of dilutions of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs), namely cisatracurium, rocuronium, and vecuronium, for skin prick/intradermal testing.

Methods: Concentrations of NMBAs were monitored by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for a period of 14 days. Dilutions of NMBAs were prepared in saline by factors of 10x, 100x, 1,000x, 10,000x, and 100,000x as sensitivity of the assay allowed. Diluted drug products were stored in a laboratory refrigerator until sampling. On sampling days, aliquots of each dilution were removed and compared to a freshly prepared set of reference dilutions.

Results: The results …


Urinary Retention In Unilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty: Comparison Between Continuous Epidural Analgesia And Single-Shot Femoral Nerve Block, Ausaf Ahmed Khan, Robyna Irshad Khan 2018 Aga Khan University

Urinary Retention In Unilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty: Comparison Between Continuous Epidural Analgesia And Single-Shot Femoral Nerve Block, Ausaf Ahmed Khan, Robyna Irshad Khan

Department of Anaesthesia

Objective: To compare the frequency of urinary retention and requirement of bladder catheterization in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty while receiving either continuous epidural analgesia or single-shot femoral nerve block.
Study design: Randomized controlled study.
Place and duration of study: Operating Rooms of Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2014 to January 2015.
Methodology: Patients were randomized in two groups of 30 each, i.e. epidural group (group E) or femoral nerve block group (group F). Baseline parameters were recorded. Postoperatively, patients were followed for upto 24 hours to collect the data regarding urinary retention. Final outcome was taken at …


Increasing Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists Clinical Self-Efficacy Using Peer Mentoring, Megan Christine Bass 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Increasing Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists Clinical Self-Efficacy Using Peer Mentoring, Megan Christine Bass

Doctoral Projects

The purpose of this project is to determine if clinical self-efficacy is increased in SRNAs at The University of Southern Mississippi after participation in the peer mentoring program. The project was a one-group pre and posttest design in a sample of SRNAs who received peer mentoring. To evaluate the students’ perceived clinical self-efficacy before and after the peer mentoring educational intervention, the Rowbotham and Schmitz Student Self-Efficacy scale (SSE) (2013) was adapted and administered to second-year SRNAs (N=17). Clinical performance, skill and knowledge development, social interaction with clinical faculty, and coping with clinical stress are the four areas evaluated by …


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