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Anesthesia and Analgesia Commons

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Pain Control: Opioid Vs. Nonopioid Analgesia During The Immediate Postoperative Period, Shamsie M. Lumpkin BSN, SRNA, Isaac W. Parrish BSN, SRNA, Austin S. Terrell BSN, SRNA, Dwayne S. Accardo DNP, APRN, CRNA 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Pain Control: Opioid Vs. Nonopioid Analgesia During The Immediate Postoperative Period, Shamsie M. Lumpkin Bsn, Srna, Isaac W. Parrish Bsn, Srna, Austin S. Terrell Bsn, Srna, Dwayne S. Accardo Dnp, Aprn, Crna

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background Opioid analgesia has become the mainstay for acute pain management in the postoperative setting. However, the use of opioid medications comes with significant risks and side effects. Due to increasing numbers of prescriptions to those with chronic pain, opioid medications have become more expensive while becoming less effective due to the buildup of patient tolerance. The idea of opioid-free analgesic techniques has rarely been breached in many hospitals. Emerging research has shown that opioid-sparing approaches have resulted in lower reported pain scores across the board, as well as significant cost reductions to hospitals and insurance agencies. In addition to …


Dexmedetomidine Vs Fentanyl In Attenuating The Sympathetic Surge During Endotracheal Intubation: A Scoping Review, Alexandra Schwieger, Kaelee Shrewsbury, Paul Shaver, Dwayne Accardo DNP, CRNA 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Dexmedetomidine Vs Fentanyl In Attenuating The Sympathetic Surge During Endotracheal Intubation: A Scoping Review, Alexandra Schwieger, Kaelee Shrewsbury, Paul Shaver, Dwayne Accardo Dnp, Crna

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background Direct laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation after induction of anesthesia can cause a reflex sympathetic surge of catecholamines caused by airway stimulation. This may cause hypertension, tachycardia, and arrhythmias. This reflex can be detrimental in patients with poor cardiac reserve and can be poorly tolerated and lead to adverse events such as myocardial ischemia. Fentanyl, a potent opioid, with a rapid onset and short duration of action is given during induction to block the sympathetic response. With a rise in the opioid crisis and finding ways to change the practice in medicine to use less opioids, dexmedetomidine, an alpha 2 …


Postoperative Nausea And Vomiting Implications In Neostigmine Versus Sugammadex, Corey Lee Johnson, Colton Bradley James, Sarah Grace Traughber, Charles Anthony Walker, Dwayne Accardo DNP, APRN, CRNA 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Postoperative Nausea And Vomiting Implications In Neostigmine Versus Sugammadex, Corey Lee Johnson, Colton Bradley James, Sarah Grace Traughber, Charles Anthony Walker, Dwayne Accardo Dnp, Aprn, Crna

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a frequent complaint in the postoperative period, which can delay discharge, result in readmission, and increase cost for patients and facilities. Inducing paralysis is common in anesthesia, as is utilizing the drugs neostigmine and sugammadex as reversal agents for non-depolarizing neuromuscular blockers. Many studies are available that compare these two drugs to determine if neostigmine increases the risk of PONV over sugammadex. Sugammadex has a more favorable pharmacologic profile and may improve patient outcomes by reducing PONV.

Methods: This review included screening a total of 39 studies and peer-reviewed articles that looked at …


Opioid Free Anesthesia To Prevent Post Operative Nausea/Vomiting, Aleksander Acred, Milena Devineni, Lindsey Blake, Cindi Dabney DNP, CRNA 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Opioid Free Anesthesia To Prevent Post Operative Nausea/Vomiting, Aleksander Acred, Milena Devineni, Lindsey Blake, Cindi Dabney Dnp, Crna

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose The purpose of this study is to compare the incidence of post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in opioid-utilizing and opioid-free general anesthesia. Background PONV is an extremely common, potentially dangerous side effect of general anesthesia. PONV is caused by a collection of anesthetic and surgical interventions. Current practice to prevent PONV is to use 1-2 antiemetics during surgery, identify high risk patients and utilize tracheal intubation over laryngeal airways when indicated. Current research suggests minimizing the use of volatile anesthetics and opioids can reduce the incidence of PONV, but this does not reflect current practice.

Methods In this scoping …


Case Presentation: Lower Back Pain Or Chronic Acetaminophen Overdose?, Meghan Whitt, Christopher Schwartz, Bhumi Shah 2021 Rowan University

Case Presentation: Lower Back Pain Or Chronic Acetaminophen Overdose?, Meghan Whitt, Christopher Schwartz, Bhumi Shah

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Unintentional ingestions can pose a difficult challenge to diagnose in the setting of the Emergency Department. Many may present with vague symptoms that are not consistent with classic overdose prodromes. Many patients do not identify or disclose over the counter medications, such as analgesics, with which acute/chronic ingestion in large quantities can result in life threatening medical emergencies. Their underlying symptoms may also cloud their clinical picture, further complicating workup within the ED.


Measuring The Decrement Times Of Volatile Anesthetics In Drosophila Melanogaster Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Jason Tolley 2021 Olivet Nazarene University

Measuring The Decrement Times Of Volatile Anesthetics In Drosophila Melanogaster Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Jason Tolley

Honors Program Projects

Background

Model organisms are widely used in research, especially in the context of complex situations. One model organism that has been widely used is the common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster (D. mel). D. mel are most commonly used in the context of genetics, but they have also been widely used in research focusing on general anesthetics. One value that has not been measured in D. mel, however, as it relates to general anesthetics, is the decrement times. This is what was the present research set out to determine.

Methods

The anesthetics studied in this research were isoflurane …


Measuring The Decrement Times Of Volatile Anesthetics In Drosophila Melanogaster Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Jason Tolley 2021 Olivet Nazarene University

Measuring The Decrement Times Of Volatile Anesthetics In Drosophila Melanogaster Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Jason Tolley

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Presentation Location: Warming House, Olivet Nazarene University

Abstract

Background

Model organisms are widely used in research, especially in the context of complex situations. One model organism that has been widely used is the common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster (D. mel). D. mel are most commonly used in the context of genetics, but they have also been widely used in research focusing on general anesthetics. One value that has not been measured in D. mel, however, as it relates to general anesthetics, is the decrement times. This is what was the present research set out to determine. …


The Role Of Awake Fiberoptic Intubation In The Difficult Airway, Robert Montague 2021 University of New England

The Role Of Awake Fiberoptic Intubation In The Difficult Airway, Robert Montague

Nurse Anesthesia Student Capstones

Awake fiberoptic intubation (AFOI) is a specialized technique used by anesthesia providers to decrease the risk of airway management during tracheal intubation of a predicted difficult airway. The rate of AFOI has decreased, and the advent of the video laryngoscope may be a contributing factor. However, there is still a need for AFOI. This case study reviews the relevance of, current indications for, and best practices for performing AFOI. Is AFOI still relevant in current anesthesia practice when managing airway difficulties such as limited mouth opening, obstructive sleep apnea, limited neck extension, head and neck pathology, morbid obesity, and progressive …


Opioid Use Disorder: The Timeline For Medication Assisted Therapy, Alexander Cristofori 2021 Arcadia University

Opioid Use Disorder: The Timeline For Medication Assisted Therapy, Alexander Cristofori

Capstone Showcase

Opioid Use Disorder is patterns of opioid use leading to withdrawal, giving up important life events in order to use opioids, and excessive time spent using opioids, to name a few diagnostic criteria. The clinical progression of the disorder involves periods of acute exacerbation and remission that are cyclic in nature. Treatment is most effective when it includes both pharmacological and psychosocial modalities, referred to as medication assisted therapy (MAT). Three drugs used commonly in MAT-based treatment for OUD from oldest to newest include Methadone, Buprenorphine-naloxone, and Naltrexone. Treatment program models that prioritize total abstinence from the addictive substance attached …


Using Collaborative Objective Simulation Clinical Evaluation With Undergraduate Nursing Students And Nurse Anesthesia Students Labor Epidural Placement In An Active Labor Patient, Chaka K. Jackson, Aisha Pierre 2020 University of Southern Mississippi

Using Collaborative Objective Simulation Clinical Evaluation With Undergraduate Nursing Students And Nurse Anesthesia Students Labor Epidural Placement In An Active Labor Patient, Chaka K. Jackson, Aisha Pierre

Doctoral Projects

Developing interdisciplinary teamwork and patient communication skills are essential for the student registered nurse anesthetist (SRNA) to provide quality patient care when administering epidural anesthesia. The synthesis of the evidence revealed limited available information on simulation use for SRNA epidural administration and collaboration. This doctoral project examined the effectiveness of learning through traditional simulation to enhance communication and collaboration between the Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) and the Nurse Anesthesia Program (NAP) students. The BSN and NAP students were provided with a simulation environment to care for a laboring patient while improving patient safety and quality outcomes. The project …


Implementing Bedside Regional Anesthesia: Improving Clinical Effectiveness, Geoffrey Ho, Everett Chu, Adam Greenwood, Jason Podolnick, Rachel Lubran, Natalie Pudalov, Philip TH Dela Cruz, Paul Dangerfield 2020 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Implementing Bedside Regional Anesthesia: Improving Clinical Effectiveness, Geoffrey Ho, Everett Chu, Adam Greenwood, Jason Podolnick, Rachel Lubran, Natalie Pudalov, Philip Th Dela Cruz, Paul Dangerfield

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Posters and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Anesthetic Use In Status Epilepticus: A Concise Review, Furkan M. Yilmaz MD., Lauren A. Igneri PharmD, Yasir A. Yilmaz MD., Evren Burakgazi-Dalkilic MD. 2020 Cooper University Hospital, Department of Neurology

Anesthetic Use In Status Epilepticus: A Concise Review, Furkan M. Yilmaz Md., Lauren A. Igneri Pharmd, Yasir A. Yilmaz Md., Evren Burakgazi-Dalkilic Md.

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

The purpose of this review is to summarize the recent literature focusing on intravenous (IV) administration of commonly used anesthetics, including midazolam, pentobarbital/ thiopental, propofol, and ketamine in the treatment of status epilepticus (SE). Anesthetics should be reserved as third-line therapy for the treatment of SE when benzodiazepines and other second-line agents fail to terminate the seizure. We have reviewed the literature related to the treatment of status epilepticus, refractory status epilepticus, super-refractory status epilepticus, anesthetics, midazolam, pentobarbital/thiopental, propofol, and ketamine. This paper focuses on the pharmacology, dosages, major side effects, and clinical use of IV anesthetics in the treatment …


Physical Activity After Delivery: A Feasibility Study, Antonio Gonzalez Fiol, MD, Geoffrey Ho, MBBS, Dongchen Li, MD, Richard Amdur, PhD, Chapman Wei, MD, Homa K. Ahmadzia, MD, Marianne David, MD, Christopher Jackson, MD, Jeffrey S. Berger, MD, MBA 2020 Department of Anesthesiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Physical Activity After Delivery: A Feasibility Study, Antonio Gonzalez Fiol, Md, Geoffrey Ho, Mbbs, Dongchen Li, Md, Richard Amdur, Phd, Chapman Wei, Md, Homa K. Ahmadzia, Md, Marianne David, Md, Christopher Jackson, Md, Jeffrey S. Berger, Md, Mba

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Publications

Background: Early mobility is one of the main goals of the enhanced recovery after cesarean delivery, yet it is rarely objectively measured. Benefits related to this goal include mechanical prevention of deep venous thrombosis and early discharge.

Methods: We conducted a multi-center prospective study in which an activity tracker was utilized to measure the steps taken by patients after delivery. The primary outcome was steps taken after vaginal or cesarean delivery. Secondary outcomes was factors affecting ambulation (e.g pain/satisfaction with pain management and mode of delivery).

Results: Data from 50 postpartum patients were analyzed. Vaginal delivery patients took more cumulative …


The Clinical Relevance Of Cement Volume In Percutaneous Vertebral Augmentation, Ravi G. Mirpuri, Madhuri Are, Virginia Hardie, Michael J. Warden, Robin High 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Clinical Relevance Of Cement Volume In Percutaneous Vertebral Augmentation, Ravi G. Mirpuri, Madhuri Are, Virginia Hardie, Michael J. Warden, Robin High

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Introduction: Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty are two forms of percutaneous vertebral augmentation (PVA), in which polymethylmethacrylate cement is used to stabilize vertebral compression fractures (VCF). This study sought to evaluate the relationship between cement volume and clinical outcomes, including pain reduction, opioid use, and complication rate.

Methods: Retrospective chart review produced 88 patients who received PVA at a tertiary care outpatient pain clinic. Cement volume, type of PVA, gender, level (thoracic vs lumbar) were collected, as well as clinical outcomes of numeric pain score (NPS) reduction, opioid percent change (OPC), and complications. Both pre-procedure and post-procedure (between 2-4 weeks) data were …


Ponv Prophylaxis Failure Disproportionately Affects Female Patients, Despite Intraoperative Computerized Decision Support Guidance, Karl A. Krieser, John B. Riley III, Jospeh E. Baus, Julie T. Hoffman, James N. Sullivan MD, Robert L. Lobato 2020 University of Michigan

Ponv Prophylaxis Failure Disproportionately Affects Female Patients, Despite Intraoperative Computerized Decision Support Guidance, Karl A. Krieser, John B. Riley Iii, Jospeh E. Baus, Julie T. Hoffman, James N. Sullivan Md, Robert L. Lobato

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Objectives: To compare postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) prophylaxis treatment and outcomes based on patients’ sex, using a retrospective cohort. The setting was the operating room and post-anesthesia care unit of a tertiary care university medical center.

Patients: A total of 678 adult male and female patients with American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) scores of 1-4 underwent surgery with general anesthesia. All patients received preoperative PONV risk assessment. PONV prophylaxis was administered at the discretion of the anesthesia care team members with guidance from a computerized decision support system.

Measurements: Adequacy of prophylaxis was retrospectively determined based on individual patient …


Parent Responses To Pediatric Pain: The Differential Effects Of Ethnicity On Opioid Consumption, Candice D. Donaldson, Brooke N. Jenkins, Michelle A. Fortier, Michael T. Phan, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Sun Yang, Zeev N. Kain 2020 Chapman University

Parent Responses To Pediatric Pain: The Differential Effects Of Ethnicity On Opioid Consumption, Candice D. Donaldson, Brooke N. Jenkins, Michelle A. Fortier, Michael T. Phan, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Sun Yang, Zeev N. Kain

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Objective

Within the context of the United States opioid epidemic, some parents often fear the use of opioids to help manage their children's postoperative pain. As a possible consequence, parents often do not dispense optimal analgesic medications to their children after surgery, putting their children at risk of suffering from postsurgical pain. The objective of this research was to assess ethnicity as a predictor of both pain and opioid consumption, and to examine how Hispanic/Latinx and Non-Hispanic White parents alter their child's opioid consumption in response to significant postsurgical pain.

Methods

Participants were 254 children undergoing outpatient tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy …


Developing A Clinical Practice Guideline For Surgical Diabetic Patients, Barbie Denise Harbaugh, Diane Whitehead 2020 Walden University

Developing A Clinical Practice Guideline For Surgical Diabetic Patients, Barbie Denise Harbaugh, Diane Whitehead

Walden Faculty and Staff Publications

Diabetes is a recognized risk factor for postoperative infection, acute renal failure, ileus, and lengthy hospital stay. Optimal screening, management, and scheduling of elective surgery for diabetic patients has been shown to improve quality care, decrease complications, and increase the efficiency and lower the costs of preoperative patient care. However, surgery cancellations are common due to inadequate preoperative glycemic control and poor intraoperative glycemic control, which is a recognized risk factor for perioperative or postoperative complications. There were no clinical practice guidelines or optimization protocols for elective surgery patients at a small rural hospital in the Northeast United States. The …


Managing Chronic Pain Through Advancements In Transcranial Brain Stimulation Technology Currently Used For Depression, Ashley N. Skinner 2020 University of South Dakota

Managing Chronic Pain Through Advancements In Transcranial Brain Stimulation Technology Currently Used For Depression, Ashley N. Skinner

Honors Thesis

The purpose of this thesis is to bring attention to alternatives to using analgesics or painkillers and potentially addictive opioid analgesics. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) has been proven successful in treating medication-resistant depression. This literature review will look at the links between pain and depression and examine adaptations to TMS coils in hopes of being able to stimulate the regions of the brain that interpret pain. By looking at current advancements in TMS, we can work towards adapting TMS to stimulate deeper regions. The final section of this thesis will examine how making these alternatives more popular will impact pain …


Elucidation Of The Mechanisms By Which Anesthetics Induce Blood-Brain Barrier Breakdown And Delirium In The Elderly, George A. Godsey II 2020 Rowan University

Elucidation Of The Mechanisms By Which Anesthetics Induce Blood-Brain Barrier Breakdown And Delirium In The Elderly, George A. Godsey Ii

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Theses and Dissertations

Delirium is a highly prevalent neuropsychiatric or neurocognitive disorder that presents a major problem to modern healthcare. Patients suffering from delirium normally have a worse prognosis, prolonged hospital stay, increased hospital cost, long-term cognitive impairment, and higher mortality rates. Many factors can predispose one to develop delirium, which makes treating this disorder a daunting task. Unfortunately, delirium is the most common psychiatric syndrome found in the hospital setting. In fact, a form of delirium known as postoperative delirium (POD) is one of the most common postoperative complications faced by elderly patients undergoing surgery.

POD is a major problem in modern …


Innovative Treatment Of Burn Wounds With Banana Leaf Dressing: A Case Report, Kanakadurga Poduri, Brian Tucker, Pritesh Patel 2020 HCA Healthcare

Innovative Treatment Of Burn Wounds With Banana Leaf Dressing: A Case Report, Kanakadurga Poduri, Brian Tucker, Pritesh Patel

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

No abstract provided.


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