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6,375 full-text articles. Page 6 of 185.

Austrian Raw-Milk Hard-Cheese Ripening Involves Successional Dynamics Of Non-Inoculated Bacteria And Fungi, Narciso M. Quijada, Stephan Schmitz-Esser, Benjamin Zwirzitz, Christian Guse, Cameron R. Strachan, Martin Wagner, Stefanie U. Wetzels, Evelyne Selberherr, Monika Dzieciol 2020 University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna

Austrian Raw-Milk Hard-Cheese Ripening Involves Successional Dynamics Of Non-Inoculated Bacteria And Fungi, Narciso M. Quijada, Stephan Schmitz-Esser, Benjamin Zwirzitz, Christian Guse, Cameron R. Strachan, Martin Wagner, Stefanie U. Wetzels, Evelyne Selberherr, Monika Dzieciol

Animal Science Publications

Cheese ripening involves successional changes of the rind microbial composition that harbors a key role on the quality and safety of the final products. In this study, we analyzed the evolution of the rind microbiota (bacteria and fungi) throughout the ripening of Austrian Vorarlberger Bergkäse (VB), an artisanal surface-ripened cheese, by using quantitative and qualitative approaches. The real-time quantitative PCR results revealed that bacteria were more abundant than fungi in VB rinds throughout ripening, although both kingdoms were abundant along the process. The qualitative investigation was performed by high-throughput gene-targeted (amplicon) sequencing. The results showed dynamic changes of the rind ...


Evaluation Of Listeria Innocua Transfer From Personal Protective Equipment (Ppe) To The Plant Environment And Effective Sanitation Procedures To Control It In Dairy Processing Facilities, Karen Nieto 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Evaluation Of Listeria Innocua Transfer From Personal Protective Equipment (Ppe) To The Plant Environment And Effective Sanitation Procedures To Control It In Dairy Processing Facilities, Karen Nieto

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Listeria monocytogenes can survive and grow under wet environmental conditions encountered in dairy facilities. Pasteurization of milk kills L. monocytogenes; however, recent listeriosis outbreaks have linked post-pasteurization contamination from the food environment to the final product. One of the sources of microbial contamination may include employees and their personal protective equipment (PPE), which often become in contact with equipment and food contact surfaces. To understand this issue, this study evaluates Listeria innocua, as a surrogate for Listeria monocytogenes, transfer from PPE to food products and surfaces encountered in dairy plants. Gloves, aprons, and boots were inoculated with L. innocua using ...


Acknowledgment Of Reviewers, Lily Chiu 2020 Taiwan Food and Drug Administration

Acknowledgment Of Reviewers, Lily Chiu

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

No abstract provided.


The Analytical And Biomedical Applications Of Carbon Dots And Their Future Theranostic Potential: A Review, Sukunya Ross, Ren-Siang Wu, Shih-Chun Wei, Gareth M. Ross, Huan-Tsung Chang 2020 Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand

The Analytical And Biomedical Applications Of Carbon Dots And Their Future Theranostic Potential: A Review, Sukunya Ross, Ren-Siang Wu, Shih-Chun Wei, Gareth M. Ross, Huan-Tsung Chang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

In recent years, carbon dots (C-dots) have gained appreciable interest owing to their unique optical properties, including tunable fluorescence, stability against photobleaching and photoblinking, and strong fluorescence. Simple and low-cost hydrothermal and electrochemical approaches have been widely used in the preparation of biocompatible and high-quality C-dots. Various C-dots have been used for the quantitation of small analytes, mostly based on analyte induced fluorescence quenching. Depending on the nature of precursors, synthetic conditions (such as reaction temperature and time), and surface conjugation, multi-function C-dots can be prepared and used in diagnostics and therapeutics. Their strong fluorescence and photostability, enables use in ...


Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents And Optical Sensors For Illicit Drug Analysis, Chun-Hsien Chen, Chun-Chi Wang, Po-Yun Ko, Yen-Ling Chen 2020 Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents And Optical Sensors For Illicit Drug Analysis, Chun-Hsien Chen, Chun-Chi Wang, Po-Yun Ko, Yen-Ling Chen

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

The abuse of illicit drugs has been prevalent in recent years and is associated with crime and public health issues. To strengthen public security and fortify public health services with respect to the increasing severity of drug abuse, academic and government institutes have been devoted to constructing relative analytical methods for illicit drugs. To date, the development of sensors has been greatly emphasized due to their features of high sensitivity, prompt detection and flexible manipulation; thus, sensors can serve as alternatives to conventional sophisticated instruments. Recently, the use of nanomaterials has inspired the development of a series of innovative sample ...


Gold Nanoparticle-Based Colorimetric And Electrochemical Sensors For The Detection Of Illegal Food Additives, Li Li, Ming Zhang, Wei Chen 2020 Nanjing Medical University, Lianyungang, PR China

Gold Nanoparticle-Based Colorimetric And Electrochemical Sensors For The Detection Of Illegal Food Additives, Li Li, Ming Zhang, Wei Chen

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Lately, scandals associated with the illegal addition of poisonous chemicals to food for commercial interests have been gradually disclosed to the public. Problems related to food safety do not only harm public health but also affect the stability of economic and social development. Food safety has become a common issue in society, and strengthening the related regulations have become increasingly important. Although conventional techniques are accurate and sensitive in the detection of the vast majority of illegal food additives, they rely on time-consuming, labor-intensive procedures that depend on expensive instruments. Thus, efficient and rapid identification of poisonous, illegal additives in ...


Improved Food Additive Analysis By Ever-Increasing Nanotechnology, Jing Zhang, Shui Hu, Yi Du, Ding Cao, Guirong Wang, Zhiqin Yuan 2020 University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China

Improved Food Additive Analysis By Ever-Increasing Nanotechnology, Jing Zhang, Shui Hu, Yi Du, Ding Cao, Guirong Wang, Zhiqin Yuan

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Improper use of food additives may lead to potential threat to human health, making it important to develop sensitive and selective method for the detection of them. Nanomaterials with unique chemical and electrochemical properties show extensive applications in the design of food additive sensing systems. In this review, we summarize the recently adopted electrochemical and optical analysis of food additives based on nanomaterials. Detection of typical food additives (colorants and preservatives) by using different sensing mechanisms and strategies are provided. In addition, determination of illegal food additives is also briefly introduced. Finally, this review highlights the challenges and future trend ...


Electrowetting-On-Dielectric (Ewod): Current Perspectives And Applications In Ensuring Food Safety, Snigdha Roy Barman, Imran Khan, Subhodeep Chatterjee, Subhajit Saha, Dukhyun Choi, Sangmin Lee, Zong-Hong Lin 2020 National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan

Electrowetting-On-Dielectric (Ewod): Current Perspectives And Applications In Ensuring Food Safety, Snigdha Roy Barman, Imran Khan, Subhodeep Chatterjee, Subhajit Saha, Dukhyun Choi, Sangmin Lee, Zong-Hong Lin

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Digital microfluidic (DMF) platforms have contributed immensely to the development of multifunctional lab-on-chip systems for performing complete sets of biological and analytical assays. Electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) technology, due to its outstanding flexibility and integrability, has emerged as a promising candidate for such lab-on-chip applications. Triggered by an electrical stimulus, EWOD devices allow precise manipulation of single droplets along the designed electrode arrays without employing external pumps and valves, thereby enhancing the miniaturization and portability of the system towards transcending important laboratory assays in resource-limited settings. In recent years, the simple fabrication process and reprogrammable architecture of EWOD chips have led to ...


Nanomaterial-Based Fluorescent Biosensor For Veterinary Drug Detection In Foods, Xiaoqi Tao, Yuanyuan Peng, Juewen Liu 2020 Southwest University, Chongqing, China

Nanomaterial-Based Fluorescent Biosensor For Veterinary Drug Detection In Foods, Xiaoqi Tao, Yuanyuan Peng, Juewen Liu

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Veterinary drugs have been widely used in the food industry. Their residues in food products need to be tightly regulated to ensure food safety. In particular, some veterinary drugs are still used illegally, although they have already been banned. Nanomaterials are playing an increasingly important role in analytical chemistry due to their unique properties. Compared to traditional organic dyes and colloidal gold nanoparticle labels, fluorescent nanomaterials appear particularly attractive for the detection of veterinary drug residues. This review summarizes recent advancements of fluorescent biosensors using nanomaterials for the detection of veterinary drug residues in foods. The useful properties of each ...


Carbon Quantum Dots For The Detection Of Antibiotics And Pesticides, Han-Wei Chu, Binesh Unnikrishnan, Anisha Anand, Yang-Wei Lin, Chih-Ching Huang 2020 National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan

Carbon Quantum Dots For The Detection Of Antibiotics And Pesticides, Han-Wei Chu, Binesh Unnikrishnan, Anisha Anand, Yang-Wei Lin, Chih-Ching Huang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Carbon quantum dots (CQDs) are novel nanomaterials with interesting physical and chemical properties, which are intensely studied only in the last decade. Unique properties, such as its inherent fluorescent property, high resistance to photobleaching, high surface area, ease of synthesis, flexible choice of precursor, and surface tunability enable CQDs for promising application in biosensing. Therefore, it is highly useful in clinical, forensic, medical, food and drug analyses, disease diagnosis, and various other fields of biosensing. In addition, their fluorescence properties are tunable by the interaction with certain molecules via different mechanisms, which enables their application for sensing of those molecules ...


Noble Metal Nanomaterial-Based Aptasensors For Microbial Toxin Detection, Yue He, Cong-Ying Wen, Zhi-Jun Guo, Yu-Fen Huang 2020 Southwest University, Chongqing, China

Noble Metal Nanomaterial-Based Aptasensors For Microbial Toxin Detection, Yue He, Cong-Ying Wen, Zhi-Jun Guo, Yu-Fen Huang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Microbial toxins generated by bacteria, fungi and algae cause serious food-safety problems due to the frequent contamination of foodstuffs and their poisonous nature. Becoming acquainted with the contamination condition of foodstuffs is highly dependent on developing sensitive, specific, and accurate methods for targeting microbial toxins. Aptamers, obtained from systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX), have significant advantages for microbial toxin analysis, such as small size, reproducible chemical synthesis, and modification, as well as high binding affinity, specificity, and stability. Besides, aptamers have a predictable structure and can be tailored using biomolecular tools (e.g., ligase, endonuclease, exonuclease, polymerase ...


Perspective On Recent Developments Of Nanomaterial Based Fluorescent Sensors: Applications In Safety And Quality Control Of Food And Beverages, Ailing Han, Sijia Hao, Yayu Yang, Xia Li, Xiaoyu Luo, Guozhen Fang, Jifeng Liu, Shuo Wang 2020 Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin, China

Perspective On Recent Developments Of Nanomaterial Based Fluorescent Sensors: Applications In Safety And Quality Control Of Food And Beverages, Ailing Han, Sijia Hao, Yayu Yang, Xia Li, Xiaoyu Luo, Guozhen Fang, Jifeng Liu, Shuo Wang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

As the highly toxic pollutants will seriously harm human health, it is particularly important to establish the analysis and detection technology of food pollutants. Compared with the traditional detection methods, fluorescent detection technique based on nanomaterials trigger wide interesting because of reduced detection time, simple operation, high sensitivity and selectivity and economic. In this review, the application of fluorescent sensors in food pollutants detection is presented. Firstly, conventional fluorescent nanomaterials including metal-based quantum dots, carbon-based quantum dots and metal nanoclusters were summarized, with emphasis on the photoluminescence mechanism. Then, the fluorescence sensors based on these nanomaterials for food pollutants detection ...


Preface, Huan-Tsung Chang, Yu-Fen Huang 2020 National Taiwan University, Taiwan

Preface, Huan-Tsung Chang, Yu-Fen Huang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of Grain Safety In Developing Nations, Jose R. Mendoza 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Assessment Of Grain Safety In Developing Nations, Jose R. Mendoza

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Grains are the most widely consumed foods worldwide, with maize (Zea mays) being frequently consumed in developing countries where it feeds approximately 900 million people under the poverty line of 2 USD per day. While grain handling practices are acceptable in most developed nations, many developing nations still face challenges such as inadequate field management, drying, and storage. Faulty grain handling along with unavoidably humid climates result in recurrent fungal growth and spoilage, which compromises both the end-quality and safety of the harvest. This becomes particularly problematic where there is little awareness about health risks associated with poor quality grain ...


Application Of X-Ray Imaging And Glass Transition Principles In Understanding Rice Kernel Fissure Formation, Zephania R. Odek 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Application Of X-Ray Imaging And Glass Transition Principles In Understanding Rice Kernel Fissure Formation, Zephania R. Odek

Theses and Dissertations

Rice kernels with internal fractures of the endosperm, fissures, tend to break during milling, leading to head rice yield (HRY) reductions. Minimizing kernel fissuring is thus an important goal of the rice industry. To minimize fissuring during the drying process, a better understanding of the fissuring process and the kinetics thereof is required. The goal of this research was to use X-ray imaging and glass transition principles to better understand rough rice kernel fissuring. First, because the instance when the fissuring process is initiated and completed during the drying process is not well known, an X-ray imaging setup that allows ...


Anti-Inflammatory Properties Of Blackberry Phenolic And Volatile Compounds, Pauline Morin 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Anti-Inflammatory Properties Of Blackberry Phenolic And Volatile Compounds, Pauline Morin

Theses and Dissertations

Berries are known for many health benefits including anti-inflammatory properties that lower risks of chronic diseases. These properties have been linked to high concentrations of phenolic compounds, especially anthocyanins. However, the present study hypothesized that volatiles could contribute to the berries’ bioactive properties. Thus, the objectives of this research are to profile the phenolic and volatile composition of 16 blackberry genotypes harvested at the Fruit Research Center of the University of Arkansas and to evaluate the antiinflammatory capacities of three selected genotypes on inflamed cells. Phenolic and volatile profiles were evaluated using chromatographic techniques. The three genotypes A2528T, A2587T and ...


Observed Defects Of Swiss Cheese Based On The Microbiome Contribution To The Production Of Organic Acids, Vannessa D. Campfield 2020 Boise State University

Observed Defects Of Swiss Cheese Based On The Microbiome Contribution To The Production Of Organic Acids, Vannessa D. Campfield

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The United States Department of Agriculture downgrades on the order of 17% of all Swiss cheese produced in the United States due to defects. Many of these defects are related to improper eye formation, number, distribution, or size; leading to an industry loss of over $69 million per annum. The microbiome in Swiss-type cheeses plays a significant role in eye development due to production of organic acids and gaseous emissions contingent on bacterial abundance and phenotype. The relationship between bacteria and the organic acids they produce leading to Swiss cheese defects can be correlated using Next-generation sequencing and high-performance liquid ...


An Impedimetric Aptasensing System For The Rapid Detection Of Salmonella Typhimurium, America Sotero 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

An Impedimetric Aptasensing System For The Rapid Detection Of Salmonella Typhimurium, America Sotero

Theses and Dissertations

Salmonella Typhimurium is a foodborne pathogen associated with raw and undercooked eggs, poultry, beef, fruits, and vegetables. In the United States, Salmonella is responsible for approximately 1.2 million illnesses, 23,000 hospitalizations, and 450 deaths annually. For many years, conventional detection methods such as culture-dependent and PCR-based methods have been the “golden standards” for the detection of this pathogen due to their high sensitivity and reliability. However, they still have some disadvantages such as long enrichment steps and high costs that need to be overcome. The development of a rapid and reliable method for the detection of S. Typhimurium ...


Availability And Consumption Of Vitamin A Foods Among Southern Ethiopian And Zambian Primary Students, Trang Vuong 2020 University of Nebraska Lincoln

Availability And Consumption Of Vitamin A Foods Among Southern Ethiopian And Zambian Primary Students, Trang Vuong

NUTR/GLST 498b: Global Research Experiences in Nutrition & Health

Purpose: Understand vitamin A food availability in open-air markets (OAM’s), and consumption of those foods by primary school children in southern Ethiopia/Zambia.

Methods: Conducted inventories of all consumable/potable items and interviewed 6-7th grade students about consumption of items with vitamin A.

Results: Students consumed most of the 14 vitamin A foods/items sold in OAM’s. Zambian students ate more liver, pumpkin, squash, watermelon, and wild fruits, while Ethiopian students almost never consumed squash, watermelon or wild fruits.

Conclusions: The availability of Vitamin A foods in Ethiopian and Zambian OAMs are varied; however, Zambian children reportedly eat ...


Studimi I Parametrave Mikrobiologjike Të Lëndës Së Parë Qumësht, Anita Shehaj 2020 University for Business and Technology - UBT

Studimi I Parametrave Mikrobiologjike Të Lëndës Së Parë Qumësht, Anita Shehaj

Theses and Dissertations

Mastiti karakterizohet nga ndryshime fizike, kimike dhe bakteriologjike në qumështin dhe ndryshimet patologjike në indet e gjëndrës së qumështit dhe ndikon në cilësinë dhe sasinë e qumështit. Ngarkesa bakteriale e qumështit nga lopët e prekura e bën atë të papërshtatshëm për konsum njerëzor dhe siguron një mekanizëm për përhapjen e sëmundjeve si tuberkulozi, ethet Q, bruceloza, leptospiroza etj. Numri i qelizave somatike (SCC) është një parashikues i dobishëm i infeksionit që përfshin leukocitet (75%), të tilla sii neutrofile, limfocite, eritrocite dhe qelizat epiteliale (25%). Leukocitet rriten në përgjigje të infeksionit bakterial, dëmtimit të indeve dhe stresit. Qelizat somatike janë mbrojtëse ...


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