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Jackrabbit Dairy & Food Review, Winter 2019-2020, Vikram V. Mistry 2020 South Dakota State University

Jackrabbit Dairy & Food Review, Winter 2019-2020, Vikram V. Mistry

The Jackrabbit Dairy & Food Review

This is the Winter 2019- 2020 Jackrabbit Dairy and Food Review.
It contains the following articles and information: Message from the Department Head, David A. Thompson Endowment, New Personnel, Judging Activities, Dairy Club, Student Accomplishments, Food Science Club, Career Opportunities, Professional Activities of Faculty and Staff, Dairy Facilities, 2019 Graduates, Where Are They Now?, Scholarships, Dairy and Food Science Students, Outreach, Distinguished Alumnus


Dental Health Factors Among Primary School Children In Southern Regions Of Ethiopia And Zambia, Gisselle Hernandez 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Dental Health Factors Among Primary School Children In Southern Regions Of Ethiopia And Zambia, Gisselle Hernandez

NUTR/GLST 498b: Global Research Experiences in Nutrition & Health

Purpose: Assess oral health status, and factors affecting oral health, among primary schoolchildren in southern Ethiopia and Zambia. Methods: Visual dental assessments, anthropometric measurements, and questionnaires used to collect data among 6th and 7th grade students. Results: Although stunting rates were nearly equal, decay rates were not; 17.51% of Zambian students and 47.27% of Ethiopian students had one or more decayed teeth. Ethiopian students with dental fluorosis (74.55%) had higher rates of decay than those without the condition (p < .05). There were also significant differences between Ethiopians and Zambians regarding use of dental hygiene tools: Ethiopians were more likely to use dental sticks, while Zambians employed toothbrushes for cleaning. Conclusions: Dental health and hygiene education, focused on unique socioecological settings, could improve the oral health status of Ethiopian and Zambian children.

PowerPoint file attached below


Marine Toxins Targeting Kv1 Channels: Pharmacological Tools And Therapeutic Scaffolds, Rocio K. Finol-Urdaneta, Aleksandra Belovanovic, Milica Micic-Vicovac, Gemma K. Kinsella, Jeffrey R. McArthur, Ahmed Al-Sabi 2020 University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia

Marine Toxins Targeting Kv1 Channels: Pharmacological Tools And Therapeutic Scaffolds, Rocio K. Finol-Urdaneta, Aleksandra Belovanovic, Milica Micic-Vicovac, Gemma K. Kinsella, Jeffrey R. Mcarthur, Ahmed Al-Sabi

Articles

Toxins from marine animals provide molecular tools for the study of many ion channels, including mammalian voltage-gated potassium channels of the Kv1 family. Selectivity profiling and molecular investigation of these toxins have contributed to the development of novel drug leads with therapeutic potential for the treatment of ion channel-related diseases or channelopathies. Here, we review specific peptide and small-molecule marine toxins modulating Kv1 channels and thus cover recent findings of bioactives found in the venoms of marine Gastropod (cone snails), Cnidarian (sea anemones), and small compounds from cyanobacteria. Furthermore, we discuss pivotal advancements at exploiting the interaction of κM-conotoxin RIIIJ ...


Polyphenol-Rich Purple Corn Pericarp Extract Adversely Impacts Herbivore Growth And Development, Mandeep Tayal, Pavel Somavat, Isabella Rodriguez, Tina Thomas, Bradely Christoffersen, Rupesh R. Kariyat 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Polyphenol-Rich Purple Corn Pericarp Extract Adversely Impacts Herbivore Growth And Development, Mandeep Tayal, Pavel Somavat, Isabella Rodriguez, Tina Thomas, Bradely Christoffersen, Rupesh R. Kariyat

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Plant secondary metabolites such as terpenes, phenolics, glycosides, and alkaloids play various functional roles including pigmentation, foliar and floral volatile synthesis, hormonal regulation, and direct and indirect defenses. Among these, phenolic compounds are commonly found in plants, but vary in the distribution of their specific compounds among plant families. Polyphenols, including anthocyanins and tannins, are widely distributed and have been well documented for their roles- primarily in plant pigmentation and also in plant defenses. However, commercialization of such compounds for use in insect pest management is severely hampered by expensive, inefficient, and time-consuming extraction protocols. Using a recently developed inexpensive ...


Physiochemical And Microstructural Properties And Probiotic Survivability Of Symbiotic Almond Yogurt Using Polymerized Whey Protein As A Co-Gelation Agent, Hao Shi 2020 University of Vermont

Physiochemical And Microstructural Properties And Probiotic Survivability Of Symbiotic Almond Yogurt Using Polymerized Whey Protein As A Co-Gelation Agent, Hao Shi

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Almond milk-based products are becoming increasingly popular as milk product alternatives. In this study, a symbiotic almond yogurt containing probiotics and inulin as a prebiotic was developed using polymerized whey protein (PWP) as a gelling agent. Plant-based starter cultures YF-L02 (Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, Stepcoccos thermophilus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus paracasei and Bifidobacterium animalis) were incubated in the almond slurry. The control and fortified (Calcium Citrate and Vitamin D) almond yogurt, were analyzed for chemical compositions, pH and viscosity changes and probiotics survivability for 10-week shelf-life. There were no significant differences between the control and fortified group in the pH, viscosity ...


Characterization And Use Of Pathogen Specific Bacteriophages To Reduce The Viability Of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 Contamination On Fresh Produce, Badrinath Vengarai Jagannathan 2020 University of Kentucky

Characterization And Use Of Pathogen Specific Bacteriophages To Reduce The Viability Of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 Contamination On Fresh Produce, Badrinath Vengarai Jagannathan

Theses and Dissertations--Animal and Food Sciences

Fresh produce is one of the most common sources of food-borne outbreaks, involving various pathogenic microorganisms such as Escherichia coli. Recent outbreaks have clearly shown that post-harvest washing has limited effectiveness on decontaminating produce and may contribute to cross-contamination of produce due to various limitations. Excessive use of sanitizers and antibiotics has also led to the development of many antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria that have made the food industry more vulnerable.

Bacteriophages are a bacterial viruses that can selectively infect and replicate within bacteria leading to cell lyse and death. Bacteriophages have become widely recognized due to their ability to ...


Investigation Of A Large Gap Cold Plasma Reactor For Continuous In-Package Decontamination Of Fresh Strawberries And Spinach, Dana Ziuzina, N. N. Misra, L. Han, P. J. Cullen, T. Moiseev, Jean-Paul Mosnier, K. Keener, E. Gaston, Paula Bourke 2020 Technological University Dublin

Investigation Of A Large Gap Cold Plasma Reactor For Continuous In-Package Decontamination Of Fresh Strawberries And Spinach, Dana Ziuzina, N. N. Misra, L. Han, P. J. Cullen, T. Moiseev, Jean-Paul Mosnier, K. Keener, E. Gaston, Paula Bourke

Articles

The aim of this work was to investigate the efficacy of a large gap atmospheric cold plasma (ACP) generated with an open-air high-voltage dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) pilot-scale reactor, operated in either static (batch) or continuous mode for produce decontamination and quality retention. Significant reductions in the bacterial populations inoculated on the strawberries and spinach were obtained after the static mode of ACP treatment with 2.0 and 2.2 log10 CFU/ml reductions for E. coli and 1.3 and 1.7 log10 CFU/ml reductions for L. innocua, respectively. Continuous treatment was effective against L. innocua inoculated on ...


Characterization And Analysis Of Curcumin Extracted From Turmeric Using Mass Spectrometry And Uv-Vis Spectroscopy, Cecilia Russo, Anna Fedor 2020 Misericordia University

Characterization And Analysis Of Curcumin Extracted From Turmeric Using Mass Spectrometry And Uv-Vis Spectroscopy, Cecilia Russo, Anna Fedor

Student Research Poster Presentations 2020

Turmeric is a spice most commonly found in Indian cuisine that is known for its medicinal properties. The most active compound that can be found in turmeric is curcumin. Curcumin is a polyphenol that is best known for its antioxidant and anticancer properties. Curcumin is mostly insoluble in water so the extraction of curcumin from turmeric was achieved by using ethanol or dichloromethane/hexane as the solvent. Since turmeric is not soluble in these solvents, a small amount of turmeric was soaked in larger amount of ethanol or dichloromethane/hexane to allow the curcumin to be dissolved out. The resulting ...


Explore The Food Life Cycle: Herbs, Jessica Kassel 2020 Fontbonne University

Explore The Food Life Cycle: Herbs, Jessica Kassel

FCS Nutrition Infographics

No abstract provided.


Explore The Food Life Cycle: Food Waste, Hanen Alras 2020 Fontbonne University

Explore The Food Life Cycle: Food Waste, Hanen Alras

FCS Nutrition Infographics

No abstract provided.


Explore The Food Life Cycle: Herb Garden, Maxwell Stapleton 2020 Fontbonne University

Explore The Food Life Cycle: Herb Garden, Maxwell Stapleton

FCS Nutrition Infographics

No abstract provided.


Kibble Me This: The Scientific And Cultural Debate Over Boutique, Exotic, And Grain-Free Canine Nutrition, Anne Shalamoff 2020 Claremont Colleges

Kibble Me This: The Scientific And Cultural Debate Over Boutique, Exotic, And Grain-Free Canine Nutrition, Anne Shalamoff

Scripps Senior Theses

The relationship between humans and our canine companions goes back tens of thousands of years but commercial pet food is a relatively new phenomenon that has existed for less than two hundred. In a world of automation, mass-production, and global trade, factory scraps have replaced table scraps as the staple diet for dogs. Health issues, recall scares, changing human-dog relationships, and other social and political factors prompted dedicated pet owners to question the mysterious ingredients in their dog’s food and seek alternatives to mainstream kibble. This trend was halted by a report published in the summer of 2018 by ...


Validation Of Two Gluten Elisa Assays Utilizing A Novel Polyclonal Antibody System, Lukas Emerson-Mason 2020 University of Vermont

Validation Of Two Gluten Elisa Assays Utilizing A Novel Polyclonal Antibody System, Lukas Emerson-Mason

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder for which there is no cure, the only treatment being a lifelong abstention from a gluten containing diet. The FDA requires any food in the United States labelled gluten-free to contain less than 20 parts per million gluten as determined by validated analytical methods. The major sources of gluten in the American food stream are wheat, rye, and barley cereal grains, but the currently available methods do not detect gluten from these three grains equally. Bia Diagnostics, LLC has developed novel quantitative and qualitative immunoassays for the detection of gluten in foods, which are ...


The Parmesan Cheese Model System: Alleviation Of Browning Defect In Parmesan Cheese, Megan Huegli Aubrey 2020 South Dakota State University

The Parmesan Cheese Model System: Alleviation Of Browning Defect In Parmesan Cheese, Megan Huegli Aubrey

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In cold temperature storage, Parmesan cheese can develop an undesirable browning defect. Certain pyrazine compounds converted from methylglyoxal have been identified and associated with the brown pigmentations in Parmesan cheese samples. This study focused on creating a cheese model system to study variables that caused browning and variables that helped reduce or alleviate browning. The cheese making steps for the cheese model system were monitored by measuring pH and TA and the final composition for % fat, % moisture, % salt and pH. Additionally, the cooling curve was studied to ensure all wheels of cheese made were cooled similarly. Cheese made in the ...


Evaluation Of Kentucky Grown Soft Red Winter Wheat With Sensory Evaluation For Bread-Making Capabilities And Quality, Asa Conkwright III 2020 University of Kentucky

Evaluation Of Kentucky Grown Soft Red Winter Wheat With Sensory Evaluation For Bread-Making Capabilities And Quality, Asa Conkwright Iii

Theses and Dissertations--Dietetics and Human Nutrition

Soft red winter (SRW) wheat is a type of wheat that is best suited to grow in Kentucky. However, due to its low protein content, it is an undesirable flour for bread and is usually used for cakes, cookies, crackers, and pastries. This is problematic because this limits the ability for commercial bakers to have a local source of flour, forcing them to purchase from sources outside the state. In doing so, bakers are sacrificing freshness and quality. It also removes the opportunity to keep profits in Kentucky, contributing to the state’s economy. The purpose of this study was ...


The Exploration Of Nanotoxicological Copper And Interspecific Saccharomyces Hybrids, Matthew Joseph Winans PhD 2020 West Virginia University

The Exploration Of Nanotoxicological Copper And Interspecific Saccharomyces Hybrids, Matthew Joseph Winans Phd

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Nanotechnology takes advantage of cellular biology’s natural nanoscale operations by interacting with biomolecules differently than soluble or bulk materials, often altering normal cellular processes such as metabolism or growth. To gain a better understanding of how copper nanoparticles hybridized on cellulose fibers called carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) affected growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the mechanisms of toxicity were explored. Multiple methodologies covering genetics, proteomics, metallomics, and metabolomics were used during this investigation. The work that lead to this dissertation discovered that these cellulosic copper nanoparticles had a unique toxicity compared to copper. Further investigation suggested a possible ionic or molecular mimicry ...


Developing A Graphical User Interface (Gui) To Predict The Contamination Of Gm Corn In Non-Gm Corn, Karthik Salish, Gretchen A. Mosher, R. P. Kingsly Ambrose 2020 Purdue University

Developing A Graphical User Interface (Gui) To Predict The Contamination Of Gm Corn In Non-Gm Corn, Karthik Salish, Gretchen A. Mosher, R. P. Kingsly Ambrose

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The current rate of population growth necessitates the use of viable technologies like genetic modification to address estimated global food and feed requirements. However, in recent years, there has been an increase in resistance against the diffusion of genetic modification technology around the world. Many countries have adopted coexistence policies to allow a certain percentage of adventitious presence in non-genetically modified crops. However, the tolerance percentage for adventitious presence has been a bottleneck to free trade in some cases. It is a challenging task to fix a tolerance percentage considering the level of permeation of genetic modification technology in agriculture ...


Effect Of Blending Amaranth Grain With Maize Kernels On Maize Weevil Control During Storage, Denis Bbosa, Thomas J. Brumm, Carl J. Bern, Kurt A. Rosentrater, D. Raj Raman 2020 Ingeniosite Engineering Consults

Effect Of Blending Amaranth Grain With Maize Kernels On Maize Weevil Control During Storage, Denis Bbosa, Thomas J. Brumm, Carl J. Bern, Kurt A. Rosentrater, D. Raj Raman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) is used as a vegetable, food, forage, and sometimes an ornamental. Amaranth grain has higher protein content than other cereals, making it a good choice for human consumption. Maize is among the three most widely grown grains in the world, but it can experience large postharvest losses during storage due to infestation by the maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais). Due to the small size of amaranth seeds, this study postulated that amaranth grain can be blended with maize during storage to fill the intergranular spaces between maize kernels, reducing the overall void volume to minimize maize weevil movements ...


N-Cyclo­Pentyl-N-(3-Oxo-2,3-Dihydro-1h-Inden-1-Yl)Acetamide, Tao Zhang, Tom McCabe, Bartosz Marzec, Neil Frankish, Helen Sheridan 2020 Technological University Dublin

N-Cyclo­Pentyl-N-(3-Oxo-2,3-Dihydro-1h-Inden-1-Yl)Acetamide, Tao Zhang, Tom Mccabe, Bartosz Marzec, Neil Frankish, Helen Sheridan

Articles

The title mol­ecule, C16H19NO2, consists of an indane moiety, which is connected through an N atom to an acetamide group and a cyclo­pentane ring. The N atom adopts planar triangular geometry. Inter­molecular inter­actions, such as π–π stacking or hydrogen bonding, were not observed.


Increasing The Yield Of Lactuca Sativa, L. In Glass Greenhouses Through Illumination Spectral Filtering And Development Of An Optical Thin Film Filter, Jacqualine A. Thomas, Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur-E-Alam, Kamal Alameh 2020 Edith Cowan University

Increasing The Yield Of Lactuca Sativa, L. In Glass Greenhouses Through Illumination Spectral Filtering And Development Of An Optical Thin Film Filter, Jacqualine A. Thomas, Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur-E-Alam, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Post 2013

With the increase in world population, the continued advances in modern greenhouse agriculture and plant growth practices are expected to help overcome the global problem of future food shortages. The next generation greenhouse design practices will need to address a range of issues, ranging from energy and land use efficiency to providing plant-optimized growth techniques. In this paper, we focus on investigating the optimum irradiation spectra matched to the lettuce species (Lactuca sativa, L.), commonly grown in greenhouse environments, in order to develop low-emissivity glass panes that maximize the biomass productivity of glass greenhouses. This low-emissivity glass passes the solar ...


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