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Polyphenol Characterization And Antioxidant Capacity Of Multi-Species Swards Grown In Ireland—Environmental Sustainability And Nutraceutical Potential, Samuel Rapisarda, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam 2022 Technological University Dublin

Polyphenol Characterization And Antioxidant Capacity Of Multi-Species Swards Grown In Ireland—Environmental Sustainability And Nutraceutical Potential, Samuel Rapisarda, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam

Articles

Ruminant production systems are major contributors to greenhouse gases emissions, with animal feeding practices being the main cause for methane and nitrous oxide’s release. Although feeding animals forages has been proven to be more sustainable, traditional ryegrass monocultures still require a lot of input (e.g., fertilisers and pesticides). Multi-species swards, consisting of different swards, such as grasses, forage legumes and herbs, need less management and fertiliser, produce more dry matter, and also add a variety of phytochemicals into the animal diet. In particular, polyphenols have been associated with a positive impact on animal health and productivity. However, data on the …


Preventing Chlorogenic Acid Quinone-Induced Greening In Sunflower Cookies By Chlorogenic Acid Esterase And Thiol-Based Dough Conditioners, Nana Baah Pepra-Ameyaw, Christine Lo Verde, Charles T. Drucker, Cedric P. Owens, Lilian W. Senger 2022 Chapman University

Preventing Chlorogenic Acid Quinone-Induced Greening In Sunflower Cookies By Chlorogenic Acid Esterase And Thiol-Based Dough Conditioners, Nana Baah Pepra-Ameyaw, Christine Lo Verde, Charles T. Drucker, Cedric P. Owens, Lilian W. Senger

Food Science Faculty Articles and Research

Sunflower seeds contain a high concentration of chlorogenic acid (CGA), which reacts with amino acids to form green pigments under alkaline conditions during food processing. Here, we present two approaches to prevent green pigment formation in sunflower cookies by (A) Addition of free thiols from cysteine and glutathione to sunflower cookie dough and (B) hydrolyzing CGA into caffeic acid and quinic acid with a CGA esterase from Lactobacillus helveticus. Greening occurred more slowly with cysteine; however, neither cysteine nor glutathione prevented greening in the cookies during storage. Chlorogenic acid esterase hydrolyzed CGA in both sunflower butter and flour, resulting …


Aa And Dha Are Decreased In Paediatric Ad/Hd And Inattention Is Ameliorated By Increased Plasma Dha, John J. Miklavcic, Ellen Ivity, Ian M. MacDonald, Liana Urichuk, Vera C. Mazurak, Christina Rinaldi, Michael T. Clandinin 2022 Chapman University

Aa And Dha Are Decreased In Paediatric Ad/Hd And Inattention Is Ameliorated By Increased Plasma Dha, John J. Miklavcic, Ellen Ivity, Ian M. Macdonald, Liana Urichuk, Vera C. Mazurak, Christina Rinaldi, Michael T. Clandinin

Food Science Faculty Articles and Research

The purpose of this study was to assess long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) status in relation to socio-behavioral outcomes in children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD). In a case-control design, plasma phospholipid fatty acid content was assessed in children aged 5–12 years with AD/HD and in typically functioning children. Dietary intakes of LCPUFAs arachidonic acid (AA; 20:4n6) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n3) were quantified using a four-day food record, polymorphisms were determined in FADS1 and FADS2, and socio-behavioral outcomes were assessed using the Conners 3 Parent Rating Scales in a cross section of children with AD/HD. Compared to …


Clove Essential Oil And Nanoclays-Based Active Food Packaging, Kalpani Y. Perera, Shubham Sharma, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal 2022 Technological University Dublin

Clove Essential Oil And Nanoclays-Based Active Food Packaging, Kalpani Y. Perera, Shubham Sharma, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal

Articles

Active food packaging materials enhance the shelf-life of food products while reducing food waste. The current study aims to develop a biodegradable active food packaging material. The food packaging material was developed with the incorporation of clove essential oil, sodium alginate, gelatin, and nanoclay films were prepared. The influences of nanoclay and clove on the surface, optical, mechanical, chemical, barrier, and pH-indicating properties were studied. The lightness and yellowness increased by 1.06 folds and 3.34 folds when compared to clove (control), respectively. The UV barrier property 0.08±0.01nm in all films, while 8.37 folds reduction in transparency has been observed as …


Nanoclays And Curcumin Based Food Packaging Material For Intelligent Food Packaging Applications, Kalpani Y. Perera, Swarna Jaiswal, Amit K. Jaiswal, Shubham Sharma 2022 Technological University Dublin

Nanoclays And Curcumin Based Food Packaging Material For Intelligent Food Packaging Applications, Kalpani Y. Perera, Swarna Jaiswal, Amit K. Jaiswal, Shubham Sharma

Articles

Bionanocomposite packaging eco-friendly alternatives with enhanced characteristics. This study aimed to develop a bionanocomposite intelligent packaging. Sodium alginate, gelatin, Curcumin (Cur), glycerol, and Nanoclay (NC) films were prepared. The influences of nanoclay and curcumin on the surface, optical, mechanical, chemical, barrier, and pH-indicating properties were studied. The results showed that the lightness of films was reduced by 1.28 folds compared to NC (control) film, while the yellowness of films increased by 5.82 folds. Film transparency was reduced by 9.3 folds and a 3.46 folds increase in UV barrier properties was observed compared to NC (control) film. The highest tensile strength …


Antimicrobial Efficacy Of A Citric Acid/Hydrochloric Acid Blend, Peroxyacetic Acid, And Sulfuric Acid Against Salmonella On Inoculated Non-Conventional Raw Chicken Products, Emma Nakimera 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Antimicrobial Efficacy Of A Citric Acid/Hydrochloric Acid Blend, Peroxyacetic Acid, And Sulfuric Acid Against Salmonella On Inoculated Non-Conventional Raw Chicken Products, Emma Nakimera

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The utilization of non-conventional chicken parts as human food varies widely across countries. The high prevalence of Salmonella, especially in the giblets, poses a high risk to public health. Poultry processors have implemented multiple hurdle technology to reduce this gram-negative pathogen in chicken parts. This study was conducted to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of a commercial blend of citric acid/ hydrochloric acid (CP), peroxyacetic acid (PAA), and sulfuric acid (SA) in reducing Salmonella inoculated on two chicken giblets: livers and hearts. Chicken hearts and livers were inoculated (6 log CFU/ml of rinsate) by individually immersing them in a cocktail …


Evaluating The Efficacy Of Germination And Fermentation In Producing Biologically Active Peptides From Pulses, Ashley Newton 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Evaluating The Efficacy Of Germination And Fermentation In Producing Biologically Active Peptides From Pulses, Ashley Newton

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Recently, there has been a profound increase in demand of plant-based proteins, especially pulse proteins. However, pulses contain high concentrations of antinutritional factors that hinder the digestibility of proteins. Processing techniques such as enzymatic hydrolysis, microbial fermentation, and physical processing modulate nutritional quality and functionality of pulses. Processing also releases peptides from parent proteins that exhibit health-beneficial bioactivity against various disease risk factors. In this study, germination, gastrointestinal digestion, and microbial fermentation were evaluated to determine the nutritional quality and release of bioactive peptides during and after processing.

Germination of chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) modulated the protein profile, and …


Effect Of Metal Ions And Temperature On Stability Of Thiamine Determined By Hplc, Jhong Huei Huang 2022 Clemson University

Effect Of Metal Ions And Temperature On Stability Of Thiamine Determined By Hplc, Jhong Huei Huang

All Theses

Thiamine degradation occurs during storage and transportation for short and long periods due to the exposure to several factors, such as heat, oxidation-reduction reactions, and alkali. In this study, the effects of four metal ions (i.e., Cu+, Cu2+, Fe2+, and Fe3+) on thiamine stability in aqueous solutions at three temperatures (i.e., 25, 40, and 55°C) for the storage time of 7 days were discussed. Thiamine degradation was found to follow the first-order kinetic reaction, and the degradation rate could also be estimated. The factors in influencing thiamine stability included pH values, temperatures, …


Development, Characterization, And Application Of Pearl Millet Starch-Based Nanocomposite Films Reinforced With Kudzu Cellulose Nanocrystals, Sneh Bangar 2022 Clemson University

Development, Characterization, And Application Of Pearl Millet Starch-Based Nanocomposite Films Reinforced With Kudzu Cellulose Nanocrystals, Sneh Bangar

All Dissertations

The accumulation of plastic waste has created serious human, wildlife, and environmental problems. Because of increasing consumer consumption, post-consumer packaging has become a major source of plastic waste. Therefore, there is a great need to develop alternative packaging materials which are environment-friendly, economical, and effective. The current research focused on developing pearl millet starch (PMS)-based biopolymer films reinforced with kudzu cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) as an alternative to plastic packaging. Nanocomposite films were formulated by blending PMS and glycerol (30%) with different kudzu CNCs concentrations (1–7wt%) using the solution casting process. The prepared PMS/kudzu CNCs nanocomposite films were tested for various …


The Effect Of Freezing Rates And Storage On Atlantic Salmon And Peaches, Wesam Aljeddawi 2022 Clemson University

The Effect Of Freezing Rates And Storage On Atlantic Salmon And Peaches, Wesam Aljeddawi

All Dissertations

The effect of long-term frozen storage of Atlantic salmon and sliced peaches was studied to determine methods to optimize quality. The first experiment was conducted to determine the quality changes in Atlantic salmon stored at different freezer temperatures over 12 months. Fresh and pre-frozen salmon were placed in five different freezers set at –7°C, –12°C, –18°C, –29°C and –77°C and evaluated for quality at 30, 90, 180, 270 and 360 days of storage. In general, higher quality was retained to a greater extent in salmon held at –29°C and –77°C for 360 days compared to the other storage temperatures. No …


Sodium Alginate, Nanoclay And Curcumin Based Food Packaging Material For Intelligent Food Packaging Applications, Kalpani Y. Perera, Máille Hopkins, Shubham Sharma, Brendan Duffy, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal 2022 Technological University Dublin

Sodium Alginate, Nanoclay And Curcumin Based Food Packaging Material For Intelligent Food Packaging Applications, Kalpani Y. Perera, Máille Hopkins, Shubham Sharma, Brendan Duffy, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal

Articles

Bionanocomposite food packaging contains materials of biological origin which display high-performance activity when compared to biopolymers and are eco-friendly alternatives to conventional packaging materials. Intelligent packaging monitors the condition of the food or environment surrounding the food and communicates changes to the consumer. This study aimed to develop a bionanocomposite intelligent packaging material by utilising sodium alginate, nanoclay and curcumin. Sodium alginate (2 W/V% SA) film incorporated with 0.3 W/V% curcumin (Cur), glycerol, and nanoclay (NC) in various concentrations (0, 0.5, 1 and 2 W/V %) was prepared using the solvent casting method. The influences of nanoclay and curcumin on …


Biodegradable Active Bio-Nanocomposite Film For The Enhanced Shelf Life Of Tomatoes, Kalpani Y. Perera, Shubham Sharma, Brendan Duffy, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal 2022 Technological University Dublin

Biodegradable Active Bio-Nanocomposite Film For The Enhanced Shelf Life Of Tomatoes, Kalpani Y. Perera, Shubham Sharma, Brendan Duffy, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal

Articles

The increased environmental pollution has led to finding sustainable solutions for non-renewable plastic-based food packaging materials. Thus, the use of biomaterial-based packaging material has become an immense trend. This work aims at developing an antimicrobial biodegradable chitosanalginate bio-nano composite film with TiO2 nanoparticle (NPs) for food packaging applications. The film was developed by a solution casting method. The chemical, mechanical, thermal, barrier, antimicrobial, and biodegradable properties of the packaging films were evaluated. Packaging studies were performed for 15 days for cherry tomatoes. The designed packaging material had enhanced the mechanical properties with a significantly (p < 0.05) higher tensile strength of 15.76 folds and 2 fold higher elongation at break. The UV barrier properties increased by 88.6%, while the film transparency decreased by 87.23%. Molecular interaction of N-H covalent bonds was observed between alginate and chitosan together with TiO2 NPs. The developed bio-nano composite film showed antimicrobial activity against foodborne pathogens E. coli, S. aureus, S. typhi, and L. monocytogene with a log reduction of 7.08, 7.28, 6.04 & 6.02 log CFU/ml respectively at 24 hours incubation period. The film was completely biodegraded and a weight loss of 89.06% was observed in bio-nanocomposite film during the 3 months. Shelf-life estimation of cherry tomato using developed packaging films showed an increase in the shelf-life up to 8 days with stable pH, total soluble solids, and weight with no bacterial growth when packaged with prepared film. Owing to their improved mechanical, UV barrier, antibacterial, and biodegradability, the prepared active bio-nano composite packaging films could be considered a potential candidate for fruit packaging.


Identification Of Gut Microbiome Composition Responsible For Gas Production, Erasme Mutuyemungu 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Identification Of Gut Microbiome Composition Responsible For Gas Production, Erasme Mutuyemungu

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Gas production remains a significant barrier to increasing intake of dietary fiber-containing foods for many consumers. Therefore, this thesis is comprised of two studies focusing on the role of the gut microbiome in contributing to gas production during fermentation of dietary components. Previous studies have reported significant correlations between Megasphaera elsdenii and gas production during fermentation of pulses. Therefore, the objective of the first study was to determine the role of M. elsdenii in gas production by the microbiome during fermentation of foods commonly associated with gas production. Human fecal microbiomes were separated based on the presence (Me+) or absence …


Safety Assessment Of Novel Foods And Food Proteins, Niloofar Moghadam Maragheh 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Safety Assessment Of Novel Foods And Food Proteins, Niloofar Moghadam Maragheh

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The global food market needs to grow and supply food demand to feed the growing world population. Alternative food proteins, including novel sources of safe foods and ingredients, are the candidates that could provide more environmentally sustainable choices, animal welfare, and consumers health. Novel foods and food proteins must undergo premarket safety evaluations including allergenicity assessment to reduce the risk of cross-reactivity with known allergens and uncharacterized risk to food allergic individuals. This research addressed the safety assessment of some novel foods and food ingredients using the study of stability of proteins in pepsin and sequence identity analysis in the …


Development Of A Targeted Mass Spectrometry Method For The Detection And Quantification Of Peanut Protein In Incurred Food Matrices, Sara Schlange 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Development Of A Targeted Mass Spectrometry Method For The Detection And Quantification Of Peanut Protein In Incurred Food Matrices, Sara Schlange

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The unintentional presence of peanut in food products through allergen cross-contact is a considerable safety concern for peanut-allergic individuals. The food industry monitors for this contamination using immunoassays; however, these detection methods demonstrate issues with recovery and accurate quantification of allergenic protein when analyzing processed, complex food matrices. Of particular concern is the deficit in immunoassay-based detection and quantification of peanut in cookie and dark chocolate matrices, as the unintentional presence of peanut has been observed in these food products. A liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the detection and quantification of peanut protein in cookie and …


Analysis Of Food Colorants Using Raman Spectroscopy, Haochen Dai 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Analysis Of Food Colorants Using Raman Spectroscopy, Haochen Dai

Doctoral Dissertations

Color is one of the most important quality attributes that affect consumers' selection of food. The increasing demand of consumers for natural colorants over artificial ones has placed challenges in both product development and regulatory practices. However, current analytical solutions for food colorants are mostly limited to a sophisticated laboratory setting with tedious sample preparation procedures. Herein, this research focuses on the analytical developments toward cost-effective determination of colorant adulteration and stability analysis. The main technique explored is Raman spectroscopy, which measures the inelastic light scattering and allows one to obtain unique molecular fingerprints for specific molecules. Compared with chromatographic …


Novel Approaches For Preventing Lipid Oxidation In Emulsion-Based Food Systems, Mitchell D. Culler 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Novel Approaches For Preventing Lipid Oxidation In Emulsion-Based Food Systems, Mitchell D. Culler

Doctoral Dissertations

Consumer interest in “clean” labels has continued to be a key driver of consumer behavior and purchasing habits over the past decade. Food manufacturers are therefore eager to replace synthetic antioxidants such as ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) with natural alternatives, however alternative chelators that will bind iron at low pH remain elusive. Coupled with the current oil shortages and supply chain challenges that have arisen recently, there is an urgent need for innovative solutions to increase the oxidative stability of edible oils. One available strategy is diluting oils high in unsaturated fatty acids into more stable, more saturated oils, thus delaying …


A Highly Active Esterase From Lactobacillus Helveticus Hydrolyzes Chlorogenic Acid In Sunflower Meal To Prevent Chlorogenic Acid Induced Greening In Sunflower Protein Isolates, Christine Lo Verde, Nana Baah Pepra-Ameyaw, Charles T. Drucker, Tracie L. S. Okumura, Katherine A. Lyon, Julia C. Muniz, Chloe S. Sermet, Lilian Were Senger, Cedric P. Owens 2022 Chapman University

A Highly Active Esterase From Lactobacillus Helveticus Hydrolyzes Chlorogenic Acid In Sunflower Meal To Prevent Chlorogenic Acid Induced Greening In Sunflower Protein Isolates, Christine Lo Verde, Nana Baah Pepra-Ameyaw, Charles T. Drucker, Tracie L. S. Okumura, Katherine A. Lyon, Julia C. Muniz, Chloe S. Sermet, Lilian Were Senger, Cedric P. Owens

Food Science Faculty Articles and Research

Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is an ester between caffeic and quinic acid. It is found in many foods and reacts with free amino groups in proteins at alkaline pH, leading to the formation of an undesirable green pigment in sunflower seed-derived ingredients. This paper presents the biochemical characterization and application of a highly active chlorogenic acid esterase from Lactobacillus helveticus. The enzyme is one of the most active CGA esterases known to date with a Km of 0.090 mM and a kcat of 82.1 s−1. The CGA esterase is easily expressed recombinantly in E. coli in …


Metabolite Signature Of Fresh And Long-Term Stored Coffee Pulp And Husk, Wahyu Lestari, Kartini Hasballah, Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan, Sofia Sofia 2022 Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh 23111, Indonesia

Metabolite Signature Of Fresh And Long-Term Stored Coffee Pulp And Husk, Wahyu Lestari, Kartini Hasballah, Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan, Sofia Sofia

Makara Journal of Science

Every product from the food and agriculture industry produces waste that can cause environmental pollution when carelessly discarded. Coffee husk and pulp are the main wastes generated by coffee processing. The secondary metabolites in these wastes can still be utilized, but their level can be affected by long storage. This research aims to determine the differences in the compounds obtained from old and fresh Gayo Arabica coffee pulp and husk. Coffee husk and pulp samples from Gayo Arabica coffee are extracted for GC-MS analysis to determine similarities between fresh and long-term stored Gayo Arabica coffee husk and pulp. Results show …


Effect Of Drying Method On Biochemical Composition And Nutritional Quality Of Sandfish (Scincus Scincus) Consumed In South-East Algeria, Ikram Toumi, Ifriqya Medila, Hamdi Bendif 2022 Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Hamma Lakhdar El Oued, 39000, Algeria.

Effect Of Drying Method On Biochemical Composition And Nutritional Quality Of Sandfish (Scincus Scincus) Consumed In South-East Algeria, Ikram Toumi, Ifriqya Medila, Hamdi Bendif

Journal of Bioresource Management

Sandfish is highly consumed in South-East of Algeria for its gustative and nutritional qualities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of drying methods on fatty acids and amino acids sandfish quality. Biochemical analyzes were performed using the analytical methods adopted by the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) method. The fatty acid composition was evaluated using the gas chromatography and the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was used for the amino acids analysis. Significant differences were found in the moisture, ash, protein and fat content. Chromatogram analysis revealed the existence of nine (9) fatty acids the …


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