13 Institutions 88 Full-Text Articles 123 Authors 23,791 Downloads
Recent Articles in Food Chemistry
A Study Of Cooking And Varietal Effects On Potato In Vitro Bile Acid Binding Capacity, Emily Hinkle The University of Maine
A Study Of Cooking And Varietal Effects On Potato In Vitro Bile Acid Binding Capacity, Emily Hinkle
Potatoes have received negative press about being unhealthy due to having high starch content, but these vegetables contain many healthful components. Many compounds in food, such as soluble dietary fiber, help reduce serum cholesterol levels by binding to bile acids in the digestive tract and causing the body to draw from serum cholesterol to create new bile acids. Potatoes were prepared three different ways (raw, steamed, steamed then cooled) and different varieties of potatoes were used, each with different chemical compositions (King Harry, Elba, Yukon Gold and All-Blue). The potatoes were subjected to an in vitro digestion to simulate the ...
Bioactivities Of Milk Polar Lipids In Influencing Intestinal Barrier Integrity, Systemic Inflammation, And Lipid Metabolism, Albert Lihong Zhou Utah State University
Bioactivities Of Milk Polar Lipids In Influencing Intestinal Barrier Integrity, Systemic Inflammation, And Lipid Metabolism, Albert Lihong Zhou
All Graduate Theses and Dissertations
The purpose of lactation is for nutrient provision and also importantly for protection from various environmental stressors. Milk polar lipids reduce cholesterol, protect against bacterial infection, reduce inflammation and help maintain gut integrity. Dynamic interactions within dietary fat, lipid metabolism, gut permeability and inflammatory cytokines remain unclear in the context of obesity and systemic inflammation. A rat model and three mouse models were developed to test the hypotheses that dietary milk polar lipids may affect lipid metabolism and intestinal integrity and may protect against systemic inflammation in the context of stressful diet, systemic inflammation, and obesity. The milk polar lipids ...
Optimization Of Fermentation Conditions For The Utilization Of Brewing Waste To Develop A Nutraceutical Rich Liquid Product, Shilpi Gupta, Amit Kumar Jaiswal, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam Dublin Institute of Technology
Optimization Of Fermentation Conditions For The Utilization Of Brewing Waste To Develop A Nutraceutical Rich Liquid Product, Shilpi Gupta, Amit Kumar Jaiswal, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam
Utilization of brewers’ spent grain (BSG), for the development of a fermented liquid product rich in value-added phenolic compounds was investigated. Changes in and liberation of phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity during fermentation of BSG was studied. The effect of various particle size (PS), solid liquid (SL) ratio, fermentation time and rotation speed was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM) for the purpose of improving bacterial growth and the enhancement in the release of polyphenolic compounds. Contour maps generated using the response surface equation showed that the experimental variables significantly affected the response. A production of 10.4 log cfu ...
Isolation And Characterization Of Active Elderberry Fractions That Inhibit Melanoma Growth In Vitro And In Vivo, Alexandra M. Okihiro Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne
Isolation And Characterization Of Active Elderberry Fractions That Inhibit Melanoma Growth In Vitro And In Vivo, Alexandra M. Okihiro
The incidence rates of melanoma continue to rise annually despite recent progression in cancer treatments. Cancer is the most prevalent amongst elderly individuals, where immunosenescence has compromised some immune function, and therefore decreased certain tumor detection abilities. Current tumor removal strategies include radiation, chemotherapy and surgical excision: treatments that aim to lower cancer cells, but may also affect normal cells in the process. In the case of chemotherapy, which targets and kills rapidly dividing cells, many immune cells are lowered as a side effect, leaving many patients immune-suppressed and more susceptible to infection. There is a need for naturopathic treatments ...
Isolation And Partial Characterization Of Bioactive Fucoxanthin From Himanthalia Elongata Brown Seaweed: A Tlc-Based Approach, Gaurav Rajauria, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam Dublin Institute of Technology
Isolation And Partial Characterization Of Bioactive Fucoxanthin From Himanthalia Elongata Brown Seaweed: A Tlc-Based Approach, Gaurav Rajauria, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam
Seaweeds are important sources of carotenoids, and numerous studies have shown the beneficial effects of these pigments on human health. In the present study, Himanthalia elongata brown seaweed was extracted with a mixture of low polarity solvents, and the crude extract was separated using analytical thin-layer chromatography (TLC).The separated compounds were tested for their potential antioxidant capacity and antimicrobial activity against Listeria monocytogenes bacteria using TLC bioautography approach. For bio-autography, the coloured band on TLC chromatogram was visualized after spraying with DPPH and triphenyltetrazolium chloride reagents which screen antioxidant and antimicrobial compounds, respectively, and only one active compound was ...
Degradation Kinetic Modelling Of Colour, Texture, Polyphenols And Antioxidant Capacity Of York Cabbage After Microwave Processing, Amit Kumar Jaiswal, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam Dublin Institute of Technology
Degradation Kinetic Modelling Of Colour, Texture, Polyphenols And Antioxidant Capacity Of York Cabbage After Microwave Processing, Amit Kumar Jaiswal, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam
Vegetables as an essential component of the human diet usually undergo some type of processing before being consumed. In the present study, impact of microwave (MW) processing on various physiochemical properties of York cabbage was studied. York cabbage was processed at 400, 560 and 800W for 0 to 14 min with an increment of 2 min followed by a kinetic study for the degradation of polyphenols, flavonoids, antioxidant capacity, colour and texture were carried out. Results showed that MW processing leads to significant reductions in the texture, colour, polyphenols and antioxidant capacity. For all the MW processing power studied total ...
Casein Micelles From Bovine Milk: Native Structure, Interactions, And Practical Applications Of Their Structural Modification, Raymundo Trejo University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Casein Micelles From Bovine Milk: Native Structure, Interactions, And Practical Applications Of Their Structural Modification, Raymundo Trejo
A definitive structure of the native casein micelle structure continues to elude researchers. Data and images obtained via cryo - transmission electron microscopy of isolated native casein micelles allowed for the reconstruction of a three dimensional model of the micelle; which contains water filled cavities (ca. 20 to 30 nm diameter), channels (diameter larger than ca. 5 nm), and several hundred high density nanoclusters (6-12 nm diameter) within the interior of the micelles.
The SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of isolated micelles (pH 6.8, 5.0) showed that whey proteins were found associated with the isolated micelles regardless of the pH ...
Effect Of Post Manufacture Thermal Dip Treatment On Proteolysis Of Commercial String Cheese During Storage, Melissa Karen Hsu California Polytechnic State University
Effect Of Post Manufacture Thermal Dip Treatment On Proteolysis Of Commercial String Cheese During Storage, Melissa Karen Hsu
Master's Theses and Project Reports
String cheese, a Mozzarella cheese, has the unique ability to string in fibrous strands when pulled apart. Graders judge string cheese by its stringy texture; samples with copious amounts of string are awarded high ratings. But just as the texture of natural cheeses softens with time, the stringy texture of string cheese can diminish with age too.
Age related softening in cheese is due primarily to an important biochemical event known as proteolysis, which is attributed to inherent milk proteinases, residual coagulant activity, and enzymes from the lysis of starter culture microorganisms. It is hypothesized that a post manufacture heat ...
Changes In Carbohydrates Of Navy Beans During Hydration And Subsequent Thermal Processing, Robert Blake Lowe University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Changes In Carbohydrates Of Navy Beans During Hydration And Subsequent Thermal Processing, Robert Blake Lowe
Navy beans were subjected to six different hydration protocols that varied in time, temperature, and methodology after which they were thermally processed in both a brine solution and a typical baked bean sauce. Beans, isolated starch, and hydration fluid were analyzed immediately after the completion of hydration protocols. Significant differences were noted between those protocols utilizing low heat (1 and 2) and those utilizing high heat methods (3-6). Bean from low heat protocols were firmer overall. Starch granules from low heat beans were smaller in overall size, experienced less surface damage retained birefringence, and could absorb more water (higher swell ...
New Technologies For Whole Wheat Processing: Addressing Milling And Storage Issues, Andres F. Doblado-Maldonado University of Nebraska - Lincoln
New Technologies For Whole Wheat Processing: Addressing Milling And Storage Issues, Andres F. Doblado-Maldonado
Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology
Whole wheat flour production and demand has increased dramatically during the last decade due to evidence supporting the benefits of whole grains in the diet. Hence, the food industry has provided a wide variety of new whole grain products. There are unique challenges that accompany whole wheat flour production, especially related to milling and storage. The present thesis provides new strategies on the adaptation of new technologies to overcome whole wheat processing issues. These issues are first discussed in a literature review and then followed by three research studies. In the first study, retail whole wheat flours were evaluated for ...
Solid-State Fermentation Of Soybean And Corn Processing Coproducts For Potential Feed Improvement, JunYi Lio, Tong Wang Iowa State University
Solid-State Fermentation Of Soybean And Corn Processing Coproducts For Potential Feed Improvement, Junyi Lio, Tong Wang
Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications and Papers
Two agro-industrial coproducts, soybean cotyledon fiber and distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS), were used as substrates to evaluate the effect of coculturing three different fungi, Aspergillus oryzae, Trichoderma reesei, and Phanerochaete chrysosporium, on enzyme production by solid-state fermentation (SSF). When soybean fiber was used as the substrate, a maximum xylanase activity of 757.4 IU/g and a cellulase activity of 3.2 IU/g were achieved with the inoculation and incubation of T. reesei and P. chrysosporium for 36 h, followed by A. oryzae for an additional 108 h. This inoculation scheme also resulted in the highest ...
Substrate Binding By The Catalytic Domain And Carbohydrate Binding Module Of Ruminococcus Flavefaciens Fd-1 Xyloglucanase/ Endoglucanase, Christopher D. Warner, Gulden Camci-Unal, Nicola L.B. Pohl, Clark Ford, Peter J. Reilly Iowa State University
Substrate Binding By The Catalytic Domain And Carbohydrate Binding Module Of Ruminococcus Flavefaciens Fd-1 Xyloglucanase/ Endoglucanase, Christopher D. Warner, Gulden Camci-Unal, Nicola L.B. Pohl, Clark Ford, Peter J. Reilly
Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications and Papers
Binding and thermodynamic properties of a carbohydrate binding module (CBM) and a glycoside hydrolase family 44 xyloglucanase/endoglucanase catalytic domain (CD) fromRuminococcus flavefaciens, both when separate and when linked to each other, have been quantified when binding various β-1,4-linked glucans and xylans. The three constructs bind cellotetraose, cellopentaose, and cellohexaose with association constants that increase with chain length. The CBM does not bind xylotetraose, xylopentaose, or xylohexaose. The CD appears to bind carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and xylan only weakly, while the CBM and the CD/CBM bind them much more strongly than they bind the cellooligosaccharides. CMC is bound ...
Based on downloads this month
Based on downloads this month
New Technologies For Whole Wheat Processing: Addressing Milling And Storage Issues, Andres Doblado-Maldonado
Characterization Of Phenolics Composition In Lamiaceae Spices By Lc-Esi-Ms/Ms, Catherine Barry-Ryan, Mohammad Hossain, Dilip Rai, Nigel Brunton, Ana Martin-Diana
Chitosan-Gallic Acid Films As Multifunctional Food Packaging, Stephanie Beth Schreiber
Antimicrobial, Antioxidant And Free Radical-Scavenging Capacity Of Brown Seaweed Himanthalia Elongata From Western Coast Of Ireland, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam, Amit Jaiswal, Gaurav Rajauria
Based on downloads this month