Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Food Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

317 Full-Text Articles 517 Authors 127391 Downloads 38 Institutions

All Articles in Food Chemistry

Faceted Search

317 full-text articles. Page 1 of 12.

Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic-Rich Extracts From Black Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris) That Inhibit Alpha-Amylase And Alpha-Glucosidase Using Response Surface Approaches, Mazen Alharbi 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic-Rich Extracts From Black Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris) That Inhibit Alpha-Amylase And Alpha-Glucosidase Using Response Surface Approaches, Mazen Alharbi

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

Black beans contain high phenolic contents that are considered potent antioxidants. Relatively little is known about their ability to inhibit the carbohydrate-hydrolyzing enzymes α-amylase and α-glucosidase from releasing glucose from starch and/or disaccharides. The objective of this project was to determine the optimum procedures for extracting total phenols (TP), total flavonoids (TF) and total condensed tannins (TCT) from black beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), and then to determine the ability of the phenolic rich extracts to inhibit α-amylase and α-glucosidase. Due to their high phenolic levels, it was hypothesized that black beans would be an effective inhibitor of α-amylase and α-glucosidase ...


Genetic Diversity In Concentration Of A Protein Subcomponent In Selected Wheat Lines, Andrew B. Berman, Kelsey Gentry, Alexander K. Lee, Molly Yandrofski, Malorie Young, Robert L. Paris 2016 Cedarville University

Genetic Diversity In Concentration Of A Protein Subcomponent In Selected Wheat Lines, Andrew B. Berman, Kelsey Gentry, Alexander K. Lee, Molly Yandrofski, Malorie Young, Robert L. Paris

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Celiac Disease is a hypersensitive response to gluten caused by HLA-DQ2 or HLA-DQ8 T-cell presentation, initiating destruction of intestinal epithelial cells. Studies indicate that an indigestible fragment of the gluten molecule, alpha-gliadin subcomponent 33-mer, rich in proline and glutamine, is responsible for the hypersensitivity response. Determination of 33 mer concentration in wheat lines would be beneficial to future development of wheat lines with reduced 33 mer concentration. Protein from wheat flour was extracted and subjected to western blot in order to quantify the concentration of 33-mer. This will be a valuable tool for future research efforts focused on identification and ...


Improving The Utilization Of Dry Edible Beans In A Ready-To-Eat Snack Product By Extrusion Cooking, Franklin Sumargo 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Improving The Utilization Of Dry Edible Beans In A Ready-To-Eat Snack Product By Extrusion Cooking, Franklin Sumargo

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

The growing snacking habit and steady increasing demand for healthy snacks have drastically changed the ready-to-eat snack market in recent years. While the current healthy, ready-to-eat snack products are still dominated by whole cereal grains, legumes, especially dry edible beans, have a high potential to emerge in nutritional, novel food. Dry edible beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris L) are not only economically valuable but also nutritionally important, since they are important sources of proteins, B vitamins, mineral elements, and soluble dietary fibers even when compared to whole grain cereals. Recent studies have shown extrusion processing is not only effective at producing an ...


Stability Of Sorgum Bicolor Alcoholic Extract As Affected By Ph And Temperature, James Jordan Bradwell 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Stability Of Sorgum Bicolor Alcoholic Extract As Affected By Ph And Temperature, James Jordan Bradwell

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Storage stability of Sorghum bicolor alcoholic extract as affected by pH and temperature

Jordan Bradwell, Philipus Pangloli, Vermont P Dia

Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture, Knoxville TN

Red sorghum contains phytochemicals such as 3-deoxyanthocyanidins and flavonoids with potential application in food as coloring and health promoting agents. The objective was to determine the stability of methanolic and ethanolic extracts of sorghum as affected by pH (2, 4 and 6) and temperature of storage (4 and 22 °C). The following parameters were measured: polyphenol concentration, absorbance at 490 nm and L*, a* and b ...


Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic-Rich Extracts From Pinto Beans (Baja) That Inhibit Alpha-Amylase And Alpha-Glucosidase Using Response Surface Approaches, Mohammed Alrugaibah 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic-Rich Extracts From Pinto Beans (Baja) That Inhibit Alpha-Amylase And Alpha-Glucosidase Using Response Surface Approaches, Mohammed Alrugaibah

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

Pinto beans contain high levels of diverse phenols, known mainly for their potent antioxidative properties. However, reports have shown that phenols can inhibit the carbohydrate–hydrolysis enzymes, alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase, thereby retarding glucose absorption. Still, a severe gap in knowledge exists on the ability of pinto beans to inhibit these enzymes. Therefore, the objective of this project was to determine the ability of phenolic rich extracts obtained from pinto beans (BaJa) to inhibit alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase. The hypothesis was that pinto beans would be able to inhibit these enzymes due to the presence of high levels of chemically diverse phenols ...


Synthesis, Isolation, And Characterization Of Potentially Carcinogenic Arginine-Based Heterocyclic Amines, Zachary Reichert 2016 Andrews University

Synthesis, Isolation, And Characterization Of Potentially Carcinogenic Arginine-Based Heterocyclic Amines, Zachary Reichert

Honors Theses

Previous research demonstrates that meat cooked at high temperatures produces heterocyclic amines (HCAs)—a class of carcinogenic molecules—from burned creatin(in)e and amino acids. However, research performed in our lab, as well as in the peer-reviewed literature, suggests that substituting arginine for creatin(in)e may lead to HCA formation. Arginine is structurally similar to creatin(in)e and can be found abundantly in soy-based food products. Therefore, we have burned arginine and phenylalanine to investigate the potential formation of arginine-based HCAs. The present study attempts to isolate and characterize these potential arginine-HCAs.


Effect Of Feeding Functional Snack “Khakhra” On Blood Glucose And Antioxidant Status Of Type Ii Diabetic Males Residing In Anand, VIMAL JAYSWAL 2016 Sardar Patel University

Effect Of Feeding Functional Snack “Khakhra” On Blood Glucose And Antioxidant Status Of Type Ii Diabetic Males Residing In Anand, Vimal Jayswal

VIMAL JAYSWAL

Type II diabetes mellitus is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia is a major cause of secondary complications like coronary and peripheral arterial disease, nephropathy, neuropathy and retinopathy. Dietary approach is one of the ways to prevent hyperglycemia. The present study was planned to find out the effect of functional snack “Khakhra” on blood glucose levels, glycated haemoglobin and blood antioxidant status. Functional khakhra was developed by using wheat, amaranth seed, ragi, oats, soyabean, flaxseed, jambu seed, kadijiri, coriander, tomato and spices at different levels. Sensory evaluation as well as α-amylase inhibitory capacity of control and experimental “Khakhra” was carried out ...


Optimization Of The Fabrication, Stability, And Performance Of Food Grade Nanoemulsions With Low And High Energy Methods, Jennifer Komaiko 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Optimization Of The Fabrication, Stability, And Performance Of Food Grade Nanoemulsions With Low And High Energy Methods, Jennifer Komaiko

Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current

There is interest in the production of emulsions by low-energy methods because no expensive equipment is required thus making emulsion formation inexpensive and simple to implement. The goal of this research is to establish the major factors that affect emulsion formation using low-energy methods and possible applications of the emulsions and nanoemulsions formed by this method. Lastly, the use of natural emulsifiers with low- and high-energy methods was investigated.

Initially, formation of nanoemulsions using isothermal low energy methods was investigated with a model system (hexadecane, Brij 30). Preliminary experiments showed that nanoemulsions could only be formed when the surfactant was ...


An Hsus Report: Welfare Issues With The Use Of Hormones And Antibiotics In Animal Agriculture, The Humane Society of the United States 2016 Animal Studies Repository

An Hsus Report: Welfare Issues With The Use Of Hormones And Antibiotics In Animal Agriculture, The Humane Society Of The United States

Farm Animals, Agribusiness, and Food Production

No abstract provided.


Rnai-Mediated Control Of Aflatoxins In Peanut: Method To Analyze Mycotoxin Production And Transgene Expression In The Peanut/Aspergillus Pathosystem, Renee S. Arias, Phat M. Dang, Victor S. Sobolev 2015 USDA/ARS National Peanut Research Laboratory

Rnai-Mediated Control Of Aflatoxins In Peanut: Method To Analyze Mycotoxin Production And Transgene Expression In The Peanut/Aspergillus Pathosystem, Renee S. Arias, Phat M. Dang, Victor S. Sobolev

Publications from USDA-ARS / UNL Faculty

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations estimates that 25% of the food crops in the world are contaminated with aflatoxins. That represents 100 million tons of food being destroyed or diverted to non-human consumption each year. Aflatoxins are powerful carcinogens normally accumulated by the fungi Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus in cereals, nuts, root crops and other agricultural products. Silencing of five aflatoxin-synthesis genes by RNA interference (RNAi) in peanut plants was used to control aflatoxin accumulation following inoculation with A. flavus. Previously, no method existed to analyze the effectiveness of RNAi in individual peanut transgenic events ...


Effect Of Drying On Ginger Paste And Optimization Of Evaluated Quality Parameters Of Dried Ginger Paste, Javed Ali, Poonam Rani 2015 G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, India

Effect Of Drying On Ginger Paste And Optimization Of Evaluated Quality Parameters Of Dried Ginger Paste, Javed Ali, Poonam Rani

Javed Ali

The ginger is one of the oldest known major spices indigenous to India. It is widely used around the world in food as spice and is a common condiment for a variety of compounded foods and beverages. A major problem encountered during processing of ginger is blackening or darkening of color due to oxidation of phenolase enzyme activity. During thermal processing of ginger considerable amount pungent flavor loss as well as nutrient loss occurs. Due to conventional thermal processing significant product quality damage may occurs due to slow conduction and convection heat transfer and therefore shelf life of the food ...


Phenolic Rich Extracts Obtained From Small Red Beans In Preventing Macrophage Mediated Chronic Inflammation, Nidhi Sharma 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Phenolic Rich Extracts Obtained From Small Red Beans In Preventing Macrophage Mediated Chronic Inflammation, Nidhi Sharma

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

Small red beans, commonly called Mexican beans, are a part of the legume family, the genus Phaseolus vulgaris, i.e., dry edible beans or the common bean. In addition to being a rich source of nutrients, small red beans also contain phenolic compounds, such as flavonoids, tannins, phenolic acids, and anthocyanins that have shown a plethora of health benefits against such conditions as obesity, diabetes, heart disease and cancer. In particular, the phenolic compounds common to the red beans have been reported to protect against chronic inflammation that if left unchecked can lead to various other chronic degenerative diseases. These ...


Determination Of The Gelation Mechanism Of Freeze–Thawed Hen Egg Yolk, Carmen Au, Nuria C. Acevedo, Harry T. Horner, Tong Wang 2015 Iowa State University

Determination Of The Gelation Mechanism Of Freeze–Thawed Hen Egg Yolk, Carmen Au, Nuria C. Acevedo, Harry T. Horner, Tong Wang

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

A study of yolks stored up to 168 d at −20 °C was conducted to determine the gelation behavior and mechanism of freeze–thawed yolk. Methods used were rheology, native and sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (native- and SDS-PAGE), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), particle size analysis, and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy for matrix mobility. Results indicate that both constituents of plasma and granules contributed to gelation of yolk under freezing. PAGE analyses suggest that granular proteins participated in aggregation during freeze–thaw. Increasing gel strength and particle size and decreasing water and ...


Magic Milk – A Moving Picture!, Elizabeth Park 2015 Claremont Colleges

Magic Milk – A Moving Picture!, Elizabeth Park

The STEAM Journal

The art and science behind 'Magic Milk'.


Method Development For Vitamin C Quantification In Two Complex Matrices, Hannah D. Hutt 2015 University of Maine

Method Development For Vitamin C Quantification In Two Complex Matrices, Hannah D. Hutt

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The following liquid chromatographic (LC) method developments and applied research studies were done using two complex food matrices, potatoes and elderberries, which are common to the state of Maine. Potatoes are Maine’s largest agricultural crop, a staple food in most U.S. households, and are, from an analytical standpoint, considered a complex matrix due to the high starch content that can be difficult to remove without degrading or removing nutrients in the process. Elderberries are an emerging crop in the U.S. because of their antioxidant and anti-viral properties and are found growing wild, throughout Maine. Elderberries are also ...


Improving Antimicrobial Activity Of Lauric Arginate By Combination With Essential Oils For Novel Applications, Qiumin Ma 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Improving Antimicrobial Activity Of Lauric Arginate By Combination With Essential Oils For Novel Applications, Qiumin Ma

Doctoral Dissertations

Lauric arginate (LAE) and essential oils (EOs) are highly efficacious in broth media but are required at much higher concentrations in food products to inhibit foodborne pathogens. Because high levels of LAE and EOs affect organoleptic properties of food products, this dissertation was studied for the potential of lowering their usage concentrations by using them in combination. Antimicrobial activities of LAE and EO used alone or in combination were characterized in Chapter 2. Synergistic and antagonistic effects of LAE-EO combinations and cinnamon leaf oil/eugnol/thymol were observed for inhibiting Gram-positive Listeria monocytogenes and Gram-negative Salmonella Enteritidis and Escherichia coli ...


Gallic Acid-Grafted Chitosan Films As Antioxidant Food Packaging, Ping Guo 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Gallic Acid-Grafted Chitosan Films As Antioxidant Food Packaging, Ping Guo

Masters Theses

Chitosan is the second most abundant natural polysaccharide in the nature. Due to its biodegradability and film forming ability, chitosan has the potential to be used as an alternative to petroleum-based polymers for food packaging. The presence of a primary amine as well as primary and secondary hydroxyl groups enable chitosan to be chemically modified with various functional groups. Gallic acid (GA) is a natural occurring antioxidant (AOX), which can be grafted to chitosan using by 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS). The first project deals with the effect of ethanol (EtOH) concentration on efficiency of grafting GA onto ...


Self-Assembled Casein Nanostructures To Deliver Novel Functionalities, Kang Pan 2015 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Self-Assembled Casein Nanostructures To Deliver Novel Functionalities, Kang Pan

Doctoral Dissertations

The nanoscale micellar structure of caseins can be manipulated by mechanical forces, solvent quality, and pH to reduce turbidity, encapsulate hydrophobic compounds, and improve dispersion stability and rheological properties. The goal of this dissertation was to control the nanostructure of self-assembled caseins to deliver functionalities. The combination of treatments at pH 11.0 and acidification with citric acid was first studied to produce translucent skim milk dispersions at pH 5.5-7.0, resulting from the significantly reduced dimensions of reassembled casein nanoparticles. Using sodium caseinate (NaCas), soluble soybean polysaccharide (SSPS), and high-speed homogenization, a food grade delivery system was studied ...


A Study Whether Humans Can Produce Free Fatty Acids For Tasting, Emily Bacher 2015 Wofford College

A Study Whether Humans Can Produce Free Fatty Acids For Tasting, Emily Bacher

Student Scholarship

A growing concern throughout the world, especially the United States, is the health of our population. According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) performed in 2009-2010, approximately 35% of both men and women in the United States are obese (Flegal, 2012). In 2005, more than 300,000 deaths in the United States were attributed to obesity. However, the World Health Organization listed obesity as one of ten most preventable health risks (Wilborn, 2005).
Why, then, do we as a society struggle so much with our weight? Some, such as Swinburn, believe this trend of obesity can be ...


Effects Of Degree Of Roast And Application Form Of Incorporated Coffee On Inhibition Of Oxidation In Raw Refrigerated Minced Pork And Sensory Analysis Of Cooked Pork Patties With Added Coffee, Tiffany Hashimoto, Lilian Were, Criselda S. Toto, Fred Caporaso 2015 Chapman University

Effects Of Degree Of Roast And Application Form Of Incorporated Coffee On Inhibition Of Oxidation In Raw Refrigerated Minced Pork And Sensory Analysis Of Cooked Pork Patties With Added Coffee, Tiffany Hashimoto, Lilian Were, Criselda S. Toto, Fred Caporaso

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

Roasted coffee is a source of antioxidants, but antioxidant Maillard reaction products and phenolic compound levels vary depending on degree of roast and form of coffee. The research objective was to evaluate the antioxidant effect of light and dark roasted coffee added to refrigerated minced pork (0.1 g/kg) as spent, ground, and lyophilized brewed coffee. After three weeks, all treated pork samples had TBARS values that were significantly lower than that of the negative control and comparable to rosemary. Metmyoglobin levels of meat treated with dark brew were higher than all other treatments after 3 weeks, while light ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress