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6,375 full-text articles. Page 5 of 185.

Heeding The Call Of Covid-19, David Wiebers, Valery Feigin 2021 Mayo Clinic

Heeding The Call Of Covid-19, David Wiebers, Valery Feigin

Animal Sentience

We are grateful to all of our commentators. They have provided a wide range of valuable perspectives and insights from many fields, revealing a broad interest in the subject matter. Nearly all the commentaries have helped to affirm, refine, expand, amplify, deepen, interpret, elaborate, or apply the messages in the target article. Some have offered critiques and suggestions that help us address certain issues in greater detail, including several points concerning industrialized farming and the wildlife trade. Overall, there is great awareness and strong consensus among commentators that any solution for preventing future pandemics and other related health crises must ...


Sense–Analyze–Respond–Actuate (Sara) Paradigm: Proof Of Concept System Spanning Nanoscale And Macroscale Actuation For Detection Of Escherichia Coli In Aqueous Media, Cassie A. Giacobassi, Daniela A. Oliveira, Cicero C. Pola, Dong Xiang, Yifan Tang, Shoumen Palit Austin Datta, Eric S. McLamore, Carmen L. Gomes 2021 Texas A & M University - College Station

Sense–Analyze–Respond–Actuate (Sara) Paradigm: Proof Of Concept System Spanning Nanoscale And Macroscale Actuation For Detection Of Escherichia Coli In Aqueous Media, Cassie A. Giacobassi, Daniela A. Oliveira, Cicero C. Pola, Dong Xiang, Yifan Tang, Shoumen Palit Austin Datta, Eric S. Mclamore, Carmen L. Gomes

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Foodborne pathogens are a major concern for public health. We demonstrate for the first time a partially automated sensing system for rapid (~17 min), label-free impedimetric detection of Escherichia coli spp. in food samples (vegetable broth) and hydroponic media (aeroponic lettuce system) based on temperature-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) nanobrushes. This proof of concept (PoC) for the Sense-Analyze-Respond-Actuate (SARA) paradigm uses a biomimetic nanostructure that is analyzed and actuated with a smartphone. The bio-inspired soft material and sensing mechanism is inspired by binary symbiotic systems found in nature, where low concentrations of bacteria are captured from complex matrices by brush actuation ...


Milk Phospholipids Extraction Using Switchable Solvents, Kaavya Rathnakumar 2021 South Dakota State University

Milk Phospholipids Extraction Using Switchable Solvents, Kaavya Rathnakumar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Phospholipids (PLs) found in milk are of great interest due to their health and nutritional benefits associated with their consumption. By-products generated during the manufacture of dairy products represent a source of PLs with potential for value-added opportunities. Currently, the extraction of PLs from by-products results in overall lowefficiencies, and it involves subsequent solvent separation and lipid recovery. This dissertation studied the extraction of milk PLs from by-product streams with a tertiary anime (N, N-dimethyl cyclohexylamine, CyNMe2) as a switchable hydrophilicity solvent. This type of solvents can be reversibly switched between a hydrophobic and hydrophilic form in the presence or ...


Protein Extraction Protocols For Optimal Proteome Measurement And Arginine Kinase Quantitation From Cricket Acheta Domesticus For Food Safety Assessment, Utpal Bose, James A. Broadbent, Angéla Juhász, Shaymaviswanathan Karnaneedi, Elecia B. Johnston, Sally Stockwell, Keren Byrne, Vachiranee Limviphuvadh, Sebastian Maurer-Stroh, Andreas L. Lopata, Michelle L. Colgrave 2021 Edith Cowan University

Protein Extraction Protocols For Optimal Proteome Measurement And Arginine Kinase Quantitation From Cricket Acheta Domesticus For Food Safety Assessment, Utpal Bose, James A. Broadbent, Angéla Juhász, Shaymaviswanathan Karnaneedi, Elecia B. Johnston, Sally Stockwell, Keren Byrne, Vachiranee Limviphuvadh, Sebastian Maurer-Stroh, Andreas L. Lopata, Michelle L. Colgrave

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2021 Elsevier Ltd Insects have been consumed by people for millennia and have recently been proposed as a complementary, sustainable source of protein to feed the world's growing population. Insects and crustaceans both belong to the arthropod family. Crustacean (shellfish) allergies are common and potentially severe; hence, the cross-reactivity of the immune system with insect proteins is a potential health concern. Herein, LC-MS/MS was used to explore the proteome of whole, roasted whole and roasted powdered cricket products. Eight protein extraction protocols were compared using the total number of protein and distinct peptide identifications. Within these data, 20 ...


Nutritional Approaches To Slow Late Finishing Pig Growth: Implications On Carcass Composition And Pork Quality, Emma T. Helm, Jason W. Ross, John F. Patience, Steven M. Lonergan, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Laura L. Greiner, Leah M. Reever, Chad W. Hastad, Emily K. Arkfeld, Nicholas K. Gabler 2021 Iowa State University

Nutritional Approaches To Slow Late Finishing Pig Growth: Implications On Carcass Composition And Pork Quality, Emma T. Helm, Jason W. Ross, John F. Patience, Steven M. Lonergan, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Laura L. Greiner, Leah M. Reever, Chad W. Hastad, Emily K. Arkfeld, Nicholas K. Gabler

Animal Science Publications

Although pork producers typically aim to optimize growth rates, occasionally it is necessary to slow growth, such as when harvest facility capacity is limited. In finishing pigs, numerous dietary strategies can be used to slow growth so pigs are at optimal slaughter body weights when harvest facility capacity and/or access is restored. However, the impact of these diets on pork carcass quality is largely unknown. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of dietary strategies to slow growth in late finishing pigs and evaluate their effects on carcass composition and pork quality. Mixed-sex pigs (n = 897; 125 ± 2 ...


Nutritional Aspects Related To Covid-19: A Bibliometric Analysis Using Scopus Database, Arti Muley Dr, Srujana Medithi Dr 2021 Symbiosis Institute of Health Sciences, Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, India

Nutritional Aspects Related To Covid-19: A Bibliometric Analysis Using Scopus Database, Arti Muley Dr, Srujana Medithi Dr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Nutrition therapy has lately gained attention as an effective way of combating the novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), especially to address the immunity in an individual and their overall health. The present study is a bibliometric assessment of research conducted to understand the role of nutrition in treating COVID-19 which was carried out since the pandemic's sudden outburst during 2020 and 2021 and published in the Scopus database. A total of 93 publications were found, and the results were studied by evaluating these documents. The present analysis identifies the active countries where the research was conducted, various types of documents ...


Reducing Calories Of Margarins, KHODJAEV Sarvar, ABDURAKHIMOV Saidakbar, AKRAMOVA Rano 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute

Reducing Calories Of Margarins, Khodjaev Sarvar, Abdurakhimov Saidakbar, Akramova Rano

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The goal is to reduce the calorie content of margarines by changing the composition and fat base. In this regard, we studied the change in caloric content and the content of trans-acids in margarines with a change in their fat content. To reduce calorie content, the fat base of margarine was also reduced to 60%, and to increase the biological value of the product, it was enriched with highly unsaturated fatty acids. It was determined that with an increase in the number of unsaturated fatty acids and a decrease in the margarine fat content, the stability of the emulsion deteriorates ...


Chromatographic Analysis Of The Effect Of Catalyst Quantities On The Hydrogenization Process, RAKHIMOV Dilshod, RUZIBAYEV Akbarali, EYUPOV Edem, DADAMUKHAMEDOV Khojiakbar 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute

Chromatographic Analysis Of The Effect Of Catalyst Quantities On The Hydrogenization Process, Rakhimov Dilshod, Ruzibayev Akbarali, Eyupov Edem, Dadamukhamedov Khojiakbar

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Oil and fat industry is one of the important sectors of the food industry. Salomas (Hydrogenated oil) for food and technical purposes are the main components of margarine products, toilet, household soaps, various technological lubricants, cosmetic creams and can be used as valuable chemical raw materials. Objective: ox work is to study the effect of the amount of catalyst on the hydrogenation of cottonseed oil by chromatographic analysis of the resulting salomas. It is confirmed that an increase in the amount of the catalyst from 0.05 to 0.4% increases the melting point of salomas and reduces the iodine ...


Extraction Of Unsaturated Fatty Acids From Vegetable Oils, PECHERSKAYA Mariya, MAMATKULOV Shavkat, RUZIMURADOV Olim, BUTANOV Khakimjan 2020 Materials Science Institute, SPA “Physics-Sun”

Extraction Of Unsaturated Fatty Acids From Vegetable Oils, Pecherskaya Mariya, Mamatkulov Shavkat, Ruzimuradov Olim, Butanov Khakimjan

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The article studies the possibility of extraction of monounsaturated oleic acid from highly stable vegetable oils produced at industrial scale. To solve the set tasks, have been selected samples of vegetable oils, present in the domestic market with a high content of unsaturated fatty acids: cottonseed and sunflower, imported rapeseed and olive oils. These oil samples were degraded by hydrolysis, recovered by acid treatment, and purified by repeated recrystallization in ethanol. The composition of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids included in triglycerides of vegetable oils was investigated using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In the obtained samples, the fatty acid composition ...


Water-Soluble Jerusalem Artichoke Extracts As Fat Replacer In Dietary Margarine Recipe, SALIJANOVA Shahnozaxon, RUZIBAYEV Akbarali, RAKHIMOV Dilshod, XUSANOV Zafar 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute

Water-Soluble Jerusalem Artichoke Extracts As Fat Replacer In Dietary Margarine Recipe, Salijanova Shahnozaxon, Ruzibayev Akbarali, Rakhimov Dilshod, Xusanov Zafar

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Creating dietary margarines using biologically valuable substances is the purpose of the work. According to the results of the experiments, it was found that the use of soybean oil, edible vegetable phospholipids and a Jerusalem artichoke extract in the margarine, allowed reducing the amount of fat and enriching the margarine with omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, dietary fibre, inulin and other water-soluble substances. Based on these studies prepared margarine enriched inulin and essential fatty acids, which provide not only a preventive property of the finished product, but also high flavor indicators, as well as, original and attractive appearance.


Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) Ethanolic Extract Exhibited Activities That Inhibit -Glucosidase Enzymes And Postprandial Blood Glucose Elevation, Maria Dewi Puspitasari Tirtaningtyas Gunawan Puteri, Felicia Melissa Tjiptadi, Phebe Hendra, Filiana Santoso, Zalinar Udin, Nina Artanti, Florence Ignatia Florence Ignatia 2020 Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Life Sciences and Technology, Swiss German University, Tangerang 15143, Indonesia

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) Ethanolic Extract Exhibited Activities That Inhibit -Glucosidase Enzymes And Postprandial Blood Glucose Elevation, Maria Dewi Puspitasari Tirtaningtyas Gunawan Puteri, Felicia Melissa Tjiptadi, Phebe Hendra, Filiana Santoso, Zalinar Udin, Nina Artanti, Florence Ignatia Florence Ignatia

Makara Journal of Science

Lemongrass is a common ingredient in Indonesian traditional herbal medicine that potently inhibits carbohydrate hydrolysis. In this study, the in vitro α-glucosidase inhibitory (AGI) activity of lemongrass was compared with its in vivo activity to retard postprandial blood glucose elevation, and the bioactive compounds responsible for these activities were observed. Both water and ethanolic extracts of lemongrass (WLG and ELG, respectively) were tested in vitro for its inhibition of the sucrose and maltose hydrolyzing activities of rat intestinal glucosidase. ELG was observed to exert higher inhibitory activities (Sucrase IC50 = 8.74 mg/mL; Maltase IC50 = 18.93 mg ...


Effects Of Berberine On Development In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Zhuojia Qian 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Effects Of Berberine On Development In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Zhuojia Qian

Masters Theses

Berberine is an isoquinoline alkaloid found in some plants and has many bioactivities including anti-microbial, lipid- and glucose-lowering, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, etc. However, there is limited knowledge about berberine’s effects on development and locomotive activity. Herein, in vivo studies were conducted to determine these effects of berberine using Caenorhabditis elegans as an in vivo model. Treatment of berberine at 50 μM starting at L1 stage significantly retarded the growth rate of nematodes, and reduced the length, width and moving speed of worms by 19%, 12% and 29%, respectively, compared to the control. In addition, triglycerides (TG) and protein content in ...


Effect Of Jackfruit-Derived Extract Consumption On Colitis-Associated Colon Tumorigenesis In Mice, Jingwen Lin 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Effect Of Jackfruit-Derived Extract Consumption On Colitis-Associated Colon Tumorigenesis In Mice, Jingwen Lin

Masters Theses

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer and the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in the world. The global burden of colorectal cancer is also expected to increase by 60%, to over 2.2 million new cases and 1.1 million annual deaths, by the year 2030. Jackfruit is known for its packed nutrition including many antioxidants: vitamin C, carotenoids and flavanones. It has also been used in traditional medicine due to its potential protection against many chronic diseases. However, there is limited research studying the potential effect of jackfruit on colorectal cancer. Here, we used a ...


New England’S Underutilized Seafood Species: Defining And Exploring Marketplace Potential In A Changing Climate, Amanda Davis 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

New England’S Underutilized Seafood Species: Defining And Exploring Marketplace Potential In A Changing Climate, Amanda Davis

Masters Theses

New England’s seafood industry has been searching for opportunities to diversify their landings and build resilience as it faces socio-economic challenges from a changing climate. Developing markets for underutilized species is one way the New England community could help their seafood industry build resilience. This thesis identified New England’s underutilized fish species and explored their marketplace potential by examining their availability in a changing climate, current availability to consumers, and consumers’ responses. In Chapter I, I account how New England’s seafood preferences have changed over time. In Chapter II, I identify New England’s seven underutilized seafood ...


Coffee Bioactives Regulate Lipid Metabolism In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Renalison Farias Pereira 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Coffee Bioactives Regulate Lipid Metabolism In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Renalison Farias Pereira

Doctoral Dissertations

Coffee consumption is associated with reduced risk of metabolic syndrome, obesity and diabetes. Although the mechanisms of action are not yet elucidated, the effects of coffee and its bioactive components on lipid metabolism may account for the overall coffee effects on human health. Therefore, this study investigated the molecular mechanisms of coffee and its bioactive components on lipid metabolism using Caenorhabditis elegans as a model system. Green coffee bean extract (GCBE), the chlorogenic acid 5-O-caffeyolquinic acid (5-CQA), and the coffee diterpenes cafestol and kahweol reduced fat accumulation via distinct lipid metabolism pathways and/or behavior changes in C ...


Effects Of Tempeh Fermentation On Soy Free And Bound Phenolics: Release, Transformation, And Stimulated Production, Amadeus Driando Ahnan 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Effects Of Tempeh Fermentation On Soy Free And Bound Phenolics: Release, Transformation, And Stimulated Production, Amadeus Driando Ahnan

Doctoral Dissertations

The fermentation of tempeh, a traditional source of protein originated in Indonesia, has been reported to enhance the health-promoting potentials of various grains, legumes, and beans. Tempeh fermentation on soybeans can modulate the bioavailability of phenolic compounds, particularly isoflavones, bioactive compounds that have been found to be protective against lung, prostrate, and colon cancers. However, the mechanism of the protective benefits was unknown.

Using whole-food and in vitro models, this study addressed this research gap by investigating the effects of tempeh fermentation using various cultures on the compositions of soy free, bound, and minor phenolics, as well as their antioxidative ...


Analysis Of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles In Foods Using Raman Spectroscopic Techniques, Janamkumar Pandya 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Analysis Of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles In Foods Using Raman Spectroscopic Techniques, Janamkumar Pandya

Doctoral Dissertations

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) and its nanoparticles (NPs) are widely used in various applications. Recently, the presence of TiO2 NPs in food and consumer products raised safety concerns to human health and the environment. The goal of this project is to explore the capability of Raman Spectroscopy in the analysis of TiO2-NPs and apply this technique for the analysis of TiO2-NPs in food and environmental samples. Two approaches, i.e. the ligand-based and the mapping-based, were evaluated. The ligand-based approach utilized the surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) property of the TiO2 NPs as a substrate to enhance the signal of a ...


Micro-Physiological Models To Mimic Mucosal Barrier Complexity Of The Human Intestine In Vitro, Abhinav Sharma 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Micro-Physiological Models To Mimic Mucosal Barrier Complexity Of The Human Intestine In Vitro, Abhinav Sharma

Doctoral Dissertations

The mucosal barrier in the intestine is vital to maintain selective absorption of nutrients while protecting internal tissues and maintaining symbiotic relationship with luminal microbiota. This bio-barrier consists of a cellular epithelial barrier and an acellular mucus barrier. Secreted mucus regulates barrier function via in situ biochemical and biophysical interaction with luminal content that continually evolves during digestion and absorption. Increasing evidence suggests that a mucus barrier is indispensable to maintain homeostasis in the gastrointestinal tract. However, the importance of mucus barrier is largely underrated for in vitro mucosal tissue modeling. The major gap is the lack of experimental material ...


Consequences Of Gmo Labeling, Danny Santos Domingo, Jr 2020 University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Consequences Of Gmo Labeling, Danny Santos Domingo, Jr

Horizons

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) have been a hot topic of debate for decades. Granted, the biotechnology industry has seen opposition in many advances in terms of their ethical applications. Arguments have centered their safe incorporation into the food supply. It is difficult to honestly assess their safety since they have not been around for too long. That is why some extensively advocate for them to be labeled when incorporated into foods, to give consumers autonomy in making decisions on the foods they consume. Opponents, however, worry about public confusion, price increases and overall costs to producers, manufacturers, and consumers alike ...


Adsorptive Surface Modification Of Cellulose Nanocrystals To Stabilize Nutraceuticals Loaded Lipid Carriers For Food Application, Avinash S. Patel 2020 University of Maine

Adsorptive Surface Modification Of Cellulose Nanocrystals To Stabilize Nutraceuticals Loaded Lipid Carriers For Food Application, Avinash S. Patel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Lipid carriers such as emulsions and liposomes have been widely studied as carriers for different nutraceuticals. However, lipid carriers' physicochemical instability results in the leakage of loaded nutraceuticals and the low solubility into the digestion medium, thus reducing the bioaccessibility. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) are nano-sized cellulose derivatives obtained after hydrolysis of cellulosic matrices that possess potential applications in functional foods and nutraceuticals. However, hydrophilicity, anionic surface potential, and poor re-dispersibility limit CNC’s applications. The primary objectives of this research were 1) to modify CNC via adsorbing polyethylene glycol (PEG) to stabilize liposomes and to study its physiochemical stability at ...


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