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Donating Safe And Wholesome Food, Brian Nummer, Paula Scott 2020 Utah State University

Donating Safe And Wholesome Food, Brian Nummer, Paula Scott

All Current Publications

Americans dispose of millions of pounds of tons of food, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that 11.8 percent of American households, or about 15 million, had difficulty providing enough food for all their family members (Coleman-Jensen et al., 2018). Much of the food disposed into landfills is wholesome and edible. This fact sheet outlines how a potential food donor can get started and get food into the hands of the needy.


Scaling Human Fiber Intakes For Mouse Microbiome Studies, Robert E. Ward 2020 Utah State University

Scaling Human Fiber Intakes For Mouse Microbiome Studies, Robert E. Ward

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Evaluations Of The Peroxidative Susceptibilities Of Cod Liver Oils By A 1h Nmr Analysis Strategy: Peroxidative Resistivity Of A Natural Collagenous And Biogenic Amine-Rich Fermented Product, Benita C. Percival, Angela Wann, Richard Zbasnik, Vicki Schlegel, Mark Edgar, Jie Zhang, Gilbert Ampem, Philippe Wilson, Adam Le Gresley, Declan Naughton, Martin Gootveld 2020 De Montfort University

Evaluations Of The Peroxidative Susceptibilities Of Cod Liver Oils By A 1h Nmr Analysis Strategy: Peroxidative Resistivity Of A Natural Collagenous And Biogenic Amine-Rich Fermented Product, Benita C. Percival, Angela Wann, Richard Zbasnik, Vicki Schlegel, Mark Edgar, Jie Zhang, Gilbert Ampem, Philippe Wilson, Adam Le Gresley, Declan Naughton, Martin Gootveld

Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology

High-resolution 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis was employed to molecularly screen the lipid, lipid oxidation product (LOP), and antioxidant compositions of four natural (unrefined) cod liver oil (CLO) products. Products 1–3 were non-fermented CLOs, whilst Product 4 was isolated from pre-fermented cod livers. Supporting analytical data that were acquired included biogenic amine, flavanone, tannin, phenolic antioxidant, α-tocopherol, and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) determinations by recommended HPLC, LC/MS/MS, or spectrophotometric methods. SDS-PAGE, HPLC, and 1H NMR analyses investigated and determined collagenous antioxidants and their molecular mass ranges. 1H NMR analysis of aldehydic LOPs was employed to ...


Rs Content And Egi Value Of Cooked Noodles (I): Effect Of Cooking Methods, Yu Tian, Ming Li, Aoxing Tang, Jay-Lin Jane, Sushil Dhital, Boli Guo 2020 Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

Rs Content And Egi Value Of Cooked Noodles (I): Effect Of Cooking Methods, Yu Tian, Ming Li, Aoxing Tang, Jay-Lin Jane, Sushil Dhital, Boli Guo

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Noodles are widely consumed in China, which can be cooked in different ways. The effects of different cooking methods (boiling, steaming, microwave heating, stir-frying and frying) on the resistance starch (RS) content and digestive properties (digestion rate, digestibility and estimated glycemic index (eGI) value) of noodles were investigated. The RS content was greatly affected by the cooking time, and it was varied when the noodles were optimally cooked using different cooking methods. The RS contents of the microwaved and stir-fried noodles were relatively high (0.59%–0.99%), but it was lower (0.43%–0.44%) in the boiled and ...


Complete Issue, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2020 University of Central Florida

Complete Issue, Volume 3, Issue 1

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

This is the complete issue of JICRCR Volume 2, Issue 2.


Serum Vitamin B12, And Related Mtrr And Cubilin Genotypes, Predict Neural Outcomes Across The Ad Spectrum, K. E. McLiman, A. D. Collazo Martinez, Jonathan P. Mochel, Karin D. Allenspach, Auriel A. Willette 2020 Iowa State University and Viterbo University

Serum Vitamin B12, And Related Mtrr And Cubilin Genotypes, Predict Neural Outcomes Across The Ad Spectrum, K. E. Mcliman, A. D. Collazo Martinez, Jonathan P. Mochel, Karin D. Allenspach, Auriel A. Willette

Biomedical Sciences Publications

Epidemiological studies show mixed findings for serum vitamin B12 and both cognitive and regional volume outcomes. No studies to date have comprehensively examined, in non-supplemented individuals, serum B12 level associations with neurodegeneration, hypometabolism, and cognition across the Alzheimer's disease (AD) spectrum. Serum vitamin B12 was assayed from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) and the Australian Imaging, Biomarker & Lifestyle Flagship Study of Ageing (AIBL). Voxel-wise analyses regressed B12 levels against regional gray matter (GM) volume and glucose metabolism (p


Food Matrix And The Microbiome: Considerations For Preclinical Chronic Disease Studies, Robert E. Ward, Abby D. Benninghoff, Korry J. Hintze 2020 Utah State University

Food Matrix And The Microbiome: Considerations For Preclinical Chronic Disease Studies, Robert E. Ward, Abby D. Benninghoff, Korry J. Hintze

Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences Faculty Publications

Animal models of chronic disease are continuously being refined and have evolved with the goal of increasing the translation of results to human populations. Examples of this progress include transgenic models and germ-free animals conventionalized with human microbiota. The gut microbiome is involved in the etiology of several chronic diseases. Therefore, consideration of the experimental conditions that may affect the gut microbiome in preclinical disease is very important. Of note, diet plays a large role in shaping the gut microbiome and can be a source of variation between animal models and human populations. Traditionally, nutrition researchers have focused on manipulating ...


Exploring Attitudes And Reactions To Unfamiliar Food Pairings: An Examination Of The Underlying Motivations And The Impact Of Culinary Education, Mark Traynor, Andrew Moreo, Lisa Cain, Roisin Burke, Catherine Barry-Ryan 2020 Auburn University, Montgomery

Exploring Attitudes And Reactions To Unfamiliar Food Pairings: An Examination Of The Underlying Motivations And The Impact Of Culinary Education, Mark Traynor, Andrew Moreo, Lisa Cain, Roisin Burke, Catherine Barry-Ryan

Articles

A mixed-methodology study was conducted to better understand consumer attitudes and behaviors toward novel food pairings and the impact of culinary education. Focus groups were conducted to investigate the underlying motivational factors to the reactions and behaviors toward unfamiliar foods. The second phase of the study consisted of sensory evaluation by two separate cohorts, panelists with and without culinary education, of food products created through the novel pairings of foods. Panelists with culinary education expressed a greater overall liking for the animal-based pairing. Sensory-Affective and Ideational factors appeared to be underlying motivational factors of these hedonic reactions.


Pcr Cloning Combined With Dna Barcoding Enables Partial Identification Of Fish Species In A Mixed-Species Product, Anthony J. Silva, Michael D. Kawalek, Donna M. Williams-Hill, Rosalee S. Hellberg 2020 Chapman University

Pcr Cloning Combined With Dna Barcoding Enables Partial Identification Of Fish Species In A Mixed-Species Product, Anthony J. Silva, Michael D. Kawalek, Donna M. Williams-Hill, Rosalee S. Hellberg

Food Science Faculty Articles and Research

DNA barcoding is a valuable tool for regulatory identification of fish species; however, it does not perform well when multiple species are present within the same food product. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the use of PCR cloning to identify fish in a mixed-species product that cannot be identified with standard DNA barcoding. A total of 15 fish ball mixtures were prepared with known amounts of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus), and walleye pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus). Three subsamples from each fish ball underwent DNA extraction, full DNA barcoding (655 bp), and mini-barcoding (226 ...


A New Model To Help Prevent Foodborne Disease, Sergio Alvarez 2020 University of Central Florida

A New Model To Help Prevent Foodborne Disease, Sergio Alvarez

Rosen Research Review

Shellfish, such as oysters, are a well-known source of foodborne diseases. A bacterium called Vibrio vulnificus, commonly found in shellfish, can cause particularly severe illness. Unfortunately, regulations aimed at improving food safety also have the potential to damage the fragile economic status of small coastal communities that depend on oyster harvesting. Rosen College of Hospitality Management's Dr. Sergio Alvarez has led the development of a new bioeconomic model that has the potential to help improve food safety while minimizing economic harm.


Determinations Of The Peroxidative Susceptibilities Of Cod Liver Oils By A Newly-Developed 1h Nmr-Based Method: Resistance Of An Antioxidant-Fortified Product Isolated From Pre-Fermented Sources, B. C. Percival, R. Zbasnik, V. Schlegel, M. Edgar, J. Zhang, M. Grootveld 2020 De Montfort University

Determinations Of The Peroxidative Susceptibilities Of Cod Liver Oils By A Newly-Developed 1h Nmr-Based Method: Resistance Of An Antioxidant-Fortified Product Isolated From Pre-Fermented Sources, B. C. Percival, R. Zbasnik, V. Schlegel, M. Edgar, J. Zhang, M. Grootveld

Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology

Objective: To explore the molecular composition and antioxidant status of four natural (unrefined) cod liver oil (CLO) products, three of which (Products 1–3) were non-fermented, whilst one (Product 4) was isolated from pre-fermented cod livers, and hence was naturally antioxidant-fortified. Potential antioxidants and aldehyde-scavenging agents were determined by recommended and/or 1H NMR methods; peroxyl radical-specific oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) values were measured fluorimetrically. The activities of such antioxidants were also investigated by assessing the susceptibilities/resistivities of these CLOs to thermo-oxidation by 1H NMR analysis, which monitored the time-dependent evolution of aldehydic lipid oxidation products at 180 ...


Prebiotic-Induced Anti-Tumor Immunity Attenuates Tumor Growth, Yan Li, Lisa Elmen, Igor Segota, Yibo Xian, Roberto Tinoco, Tinoco Feng, Yu Fujita, Rafael R. Segura Munoz, Robert J. Schmaltz, Linda M. Bradley, Amanda Ramer-Tait, Raphy Zarecki, Tao Long, Scott N. Peterson, Ze’ev A. Ronai 2020 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Prebiotic-Induced Anti-Tumor Immunity Attenuates Tumor Growth, Yan Li, Lisa Elmen, Igor Segota, Yibo Xian, Roberto Tinoco, Tinoco Feng, Yu Fujita, Rafael R. Segura Munoz, Robert J. Schmaltz, Linda M. Bradley, Amanda Ramer-Tait, Raphy Zarecki, Tao Long, Scott N. Peterson, Ze’Ev A. Ronai

Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology

Growing evidence supports the importance of gut microbiota in the control of tumor growth and response to therapy. Here, we select prebiotics that can enrich bacterial taxa that promote anti-tu- mor immunity. Addition of the prebiotics inulin or mucin to the diet of C57BL/6 mice induces anti-tu- mor immune responses and inhibition of BRAF mutant melanoma growth in a subcutaneously implanted syngeneic mouse model. Mucin fails to inhibit tumor growth in germ-free mice, indicating that the gut microbiota is required for the activation of the anti-tumor immune response. Inulin and mucin drive distinct changes in the microbiota, as inulin ...


Growing Torula Yeast (Candida Utilis) For Food Grade Fatty Acids, Zachary Christman 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Growing Torula Yeast (Candida Utilis) For Food Grade Fatty Acids, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

The focus of this article is the cultivation of a food grade yeast for the production of fatty acids without the restrictions of climate or growing season. Torula yeast (Candida utilis) was selected since it can grow on a wide variety of culture media and has over 60 years of use in the food industry. The fatty acid composition of Candida utilis grown on two different media are presented in this article; the first example using completely synthetic media and another using distiller’s vinasse. Also, the effect of different culturing conditions on the percentage of various fatty acids will ...


Potential Use Of Biotherapeutic Bacteria To Target Colorectal Cancer-Associated Taxa, Gareth Lawrence, Maire Begley, Paul D. Cotter, Caitríona M. Guinane 2020 Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork T12 P928, Ireland

Potential Use Of Biotherapeutic Bacteria To Target Colorectal Cancer-Associated Taxa, Gareth Lawrence, Maire Begley, Paul D. Cotter, Caitríona M. Guinane

Dept. of Biological Sciences Publications

The role of the gut microbiome in human health and disease is the focus of much attention. It has been widely agreed upon that our gut bacteria play a role in host immunity, nutrient absorption, digestion, metabolism, and other key drivers of health. Furthermore, certain microbial signatures and specific taxa have also been associated with the development of diseases, such as obesity; inflammatory bowel disease; and, indeed, colorectal cancer (CRC), which is the focus of this review. By extension, such taxa represent potential therapeutic targets. In particular, the emerging human pathogen Fusobacterium nucleatum represents an important agent in CRC development ...


Moisture Sorption Behavior And Shelf Life Prediction Of Teff Seed And Flour, Baba Abdissa, Rudrayya Math, Kodandaramreddy Desham, Srinivasulu Korra 2020 College of technology, Osmania University,Tarnaka, Hyderabad-500007, INDIA

Moisture Sorption Behavior And Shelf Life Prediction Of Teff Seed And Flour, Baba Abdissa, Rudrayya Math, Kodandaramreddy Desham, Srinivasulu Korra

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Moisture sorption isotherms of Teff seed and its flour were determined over the range of relative humidity (11–92%) using a gravimetric technique at constant temperature (27°C). The results obtained showed that the moisture sorption isotherm of both is almost similar and sigmoid with increasing equilibrium water content at the constant temperature. The curves start raising high above 64% RH indicating the products deteriorates faster above 64% RH. Hence the moisture content equilibrating to 64% RH was taken as critical for both Teff seed and flour variants. The sorption isotherm fits the GAB equation as per GAB generalized equation ...


Metformin Uptake And Translocation In Chickpeas: Determination Using Liquid Chromatography−Mass Spectrometry, Brett Nespor, Anastasia Andrianova, Sean Pollack, Creighton Pfau, Muhammad Arifuzzaman, Nazrul Islam, Alena Kubatova, Khwaja Hossain 2020 University of North Dakota

Metformin Uptake And Translocation In Chickpeas: Determination Using Liquid Chromatography−Mass Spectrometry, Brett Nespor, Anastasia Andrianova, Sean Pollack, Creighton Pfau, Muhammad Arifuzzaman, Nazrul Islam, Alena Kubatova, Khwaja Hossain

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, arthritis, asthma, and common respiratory problems are prevalent in over one-fourth of Americans, and separate drugs are prescribed to manage each of the diseases. The nutritive crop seeds loaded with multiple drugs could be a cheap and sustainable alternative to drugs produced by pharmaceutical companies. Our long-term goal is to produce chickpea seeds containing comparable dosages of multiple drugs regularly prescribed for managing MCC. In this work, we conducted experiments to understand the uptake and translocation of metformin into the tissues of chickpea to demonstrate the applicability of LC–HR-ToF-MS ...


Antiproliferative And Apoptotic Effects Of Proteins From Black Seeds (Nigella Sativa) On Human Breast Mcf-7 Cancer Cell Line, Yamna Khursid, Basir Syed, Shabana U. Simjee, Obaid Beg, Aftab Ahmed 2020 Chapman University

Antiproliferative And Apoptotic Effects Of Proteins From Black Seeds (Nigella Sativa) On Human Breast Mcf-7 Cancer Cell Line, Yamna Khursid, Basir Syed, Shabana U. Simjee, Obaid Beg, Aftab Ahmed

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Nigella sativa (NS), a member of family Ranunculaceae is commonly known as black seed or kalonji. It has been well studied for its therapeutic role in various diseases, particularly cancer. Literature is full of bioactive compounds from NS seed. However, fewer studies have been reported on the pharmacological activity of proteins. The current study was designed to evaluate the anticancer property of NS seed proteins on the MCF-7 cell line.

Methods

NS seed extract was prepared in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and proteins were precipitated using 80% ammonium sulfate. The crude seed proteins were partially purified using gel filtration chromatography ...


Improving Bakery Properties In The Preparation Of Wheat Flour From Local Wheat Grains, RAVSHANOV Suvankul, KODIROV Оrifjon, RAMAZANOV Rozik, MUSAEV Khasanjon 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Improving Bakery Properties In The Preparation Of Wheat Flour From Local Wheat Grains, Ravshanov Suvankul, Kodirov Оrifjon, Ramazanov Rozik, Musaev Khasanjon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The article is devoted to the study of the physicochemical properties of water used to prepare wheat grain for sorting grinding. The physical and chemical properties of water for hydrothermal treatment, obtained from the vibrational effect of 10 Hz to 1000 Hz for 60 seconds in the and ultrasonic devices.


Cost Assessment Of Five Different Maize Grain Handling Techniques To Reduce Postharvest Losses From Insect Contamination, Bernard Darfour, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2020 Ghana Atomic Energy Commission

Cost Assessment Of Five Different Maize Grain Handling Techniques To Reduce Postharvest Losses From Insect Contamination, Bernard Darfour, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Farmers in developing nations encounter high postharvest losses mainly attributable to the lack of modern techniques for threshing, cleaning, grading, and grain storage. Mechanized handling of grain in developing countries is rare, although the technology is effective against insects and pest infestations. The objective was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of five grain handling techniques that have the ability to reduce postharvest losses from insect infestation. The five methods were metal silo plus all accessories (m. silo + acc.), metal silo only (m. silo), woven polypropylene plus phosphine (w. PP. + Phos.), woven polypropylene only (w. PP.), and Purdue Improved Crop Storage bags ...


Growing South Dakota, College of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences 2020 South Dakota State University

Growing South Dakota, College Of Agriculture, Food And Environmental Sciences

Growing South Dakota (Publication of the College of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences)

This issue contains the SDSU Extension 2019 Annual Report

[Page] 2-3 South Dakota Animal Disease Research and Diagnostic Laboratory Ribbon Cutting Ceremony
[Page] 4 SDSU Extension
[Page] 4 From the Director of Extension Karla Trautman
[Page] 5 2019 USDA Risk Management Agency Crop Indemnities
[Page] 6-8 SDSU Extension Responds to Mother Nature in 2019
[Page] 9 Successful Energize! Conference Buoys Community Efforts in Lemmon & Beyond
[Page] 10-11 Helping Loved Ones Transition Smoothly
[Page] 12 AmeriCorps VISTA Members Expand Extension Programming
[Page] 13 South Dakota Wellness Coalitions Make Big Impacts in Small Communities
[Page] 14-16 Extension Programs in Our Own Words ...


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