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Full-Text Articles in Food Science

Techniques To Improve The Volume, Texture And Nutritional Quality Of Gluten Free Bread, Zachary Christman May 2021

Techniques To Improve The Volume, Texture And Nutritional Quality Of Gluten Free Bread, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

This article highlights the use of soy flour to improve the protein and fiber of gluten free bread. Also, the use of an extrusion process on soybean and corn flour blends improves the volume and texture of the bread. A full listing of the ingredients and method for production of higher quality gluten free bread is included.


Evaluation Of Chili Pepper (Capsicum Annuum), Tiger Nuts (Cyperus Esculentus), And Turmeric (Curcuma Longa) As Sources Of Antioxidant Compounds For The Potential Of Antiaging-Like Activity, Chelsea Toyer May 2021

Evaluation Of Chili Pepper (Capsicum Annuum), Tiger Nuts (Cyperus Esculentus), And Turmeric (Curcuma Longa) As Sources Of Antioxidant Compounds For The Potential Of Antiaging-Like Activity, Chelsea Toyer

Theses

Aging is a natural process that living organisms go through as they become older. In humans and other animals, aging is accompanied by several morphological changes, including the formation of wrinkles. Wrinkles are also caused by various environmental factors such as excessive exposure to sun or pollution, and continuous sleep deprivation. These environmental factors cause oxidation of skin cells and the degradation of subcutaneous fatty acids, leading to the formation of wrinkles. Skin care and wrinkle treatment products are part of a multimillion-dollar industry. Plant-based products are an alternative method for treating wrinkles and premature aging. Several antioxidants naturally found ...


Bringing Biochemistry Home: Transforming Milk Into Yogurt, Ashley King May 2021

Bringing Biochemistry Home: Transforming Milk Into Yogurt, Ashley King

Honors Theses

Communicating the beauty and complexity of biochemistry to students in a large classroom during the pandemic: what a challenge! We undertook a novel endeavor in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry by introducing a mandatory kitchen chemistry experiment in a lecture course. Milk, the epitome of our identity as mammals, also contains all of the major biochemical macromolecules studied in Biochemistry I. Further, the making of yogurt invokes physical processes that are the major processes and molecular forces that dominate the content of the course. Here, we report the results of massive parallel experiment conducted in the kitchens of the ...


Has Maize Overtaken Our Reality? A Personal Briefing, Biochemical Comparison, Agrigenomics, And History Of Maize, Nader Pahlevan May 2021

Has Maize Overtaken Our Reality? A Personal Briefing, Biochemical Comparison, Agrigenomics, And History Of Maize, Nader Pahlevan

Honors Theses

Maize (Zea mays ssp. Mays) is a revolutionary cereal grain that has raced to the world’s most popular staple crop, transforming societies and impacting history. This paper aims to build and portray the story maize has created through its journey to world domination. The important details that encompass this literature are maize’s cultural significance in my life’s story, the comparison of various starches broken down into amylose and amylopectin ratios, a summative historical account on maize’s spread throughout numerous parts of the old world, and the genetical analysis of maize that explains the key features that ...


A Systematic Literature Review Of Sanitizer Efficacy To Remove Listeria Monocytogenes, Salmonella Spp., And Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Biofilms From Food Processing Surfaces, Ashlynn Robinson May 2021

A Systematic Literature Review Of Sanitizer Efficacy To Remove Listeria Monocytogenes, Salmonella Spp., And Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Biofilms From Food Processing Surfaces, Ashlynn Robinson

Food Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

Sanitizing in food production environments is essential to prevent, reduce, and/or eliminate foodborne pathogens. Biofilms consist of one or more different types of microorganisms and can grow on numerous types of surfaces (Costerton,1999). SLRs provide transparency about what steps were taken to acquire the sources included in the analysis (Liberati et al.,2009; Moher et al., 2009). The references obtained from the databases were based on specific eligibility criteria to ensure reproducible results. The inclusion criteria included six surface types (stainless steel, glass, plastic, polyurethane, PVC, rubber), seven sanitizer types (anionic acid, benzalkonium chloride, iodine, iodophor, peracetic acid ...


Combatting Inefficient Food Waste In Nwa With Food Loops, Davis Ehlers May 2021

Combatting Inefficient Food Waste In Nwa With Food Loops, Davis Ehlers

Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses

It is no longer a speculation that the actions of the human race have had detrimental impacts on the environment. As consumers become increasingly aware of this fact- and the fact that many of the issues are caused by bad business and environmental management, many individuals are wondering what they can do about it. This growing area of demand is where many businesses have begun to take on the challenge of being profitable while benefiting the environment at the same time, and some have even found ways to create a profit by engaging in activities that directly benefit the environment ...


Novel Sources Of Food Allergens, Lee Palmer May 2021

Novel Sources Of Food Allergens, Lee Palmer

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Technological advancement and globalization have led to the spread of foods to countries where the food does not yet have a documented history of consumption, in other words, novel foods. Novel foods also encompass truly novel foods, foods that have been processed in a novel manner, and novel means of exposure. With novel foods comes the potential of food allergens that pose an uncharacterized risk to those with food allergies. Food allergies are an increasingly important facet of public health. Therefore, a deeper understanding of novel foods as well as methods to evaluate consumers’ potential risk is necessary. Literature reviews ...


Trunctrimmer: A First Step Towards Automating Standard Bioinformatic Analysis, Z. Gunner Lawless, Dana Dittoe, Dale R. Thompson, Steven C. Ricke May 2021

Trunctrimmer: A First Step Towards Automating Standard Bioinformatic Analysis, Z. Gunner Lawless, Dana Dittoe, Dale R. Thompson, Steven C. Ricke

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Bioinformatic analysis is a time-consuming process for labs performing research on various microbiomes. Researchers use tools like Qiime2 to help standardize the bioinformatic analysis methods, but even large, extensible platforms like Qiime2 have drawbacks due to the attention required by researchers. In this project, we propose to automate additional standard lab bioinformatic procedures by eliminating the existing manual process of determining the trim and truncate locations for paired end 2 sequences. We introduce a new Qiime2 plugin called TruncTrimmer to automate the process that usually requires the researcher to make a decision on where to trim and truncate manually after ...


Gut Community Response To Wheat Bran And Pinto Bean, Shuen Leow May 2021

Gut Community Response To Wheat Bran And Pinto Bean, Shuen Leow

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

There is general consensus among the scientific community that dietary fibers reduce the risk of Western diseases through their fermentation by beneficial microbial communities in the human gut. However, dietary fibers in wheat bran (WB) and pinto bean (PB) are incompletely fermented by the gut microbiota. Therefore, there is a critical need to identify gut microbial communities that can increase fermentation of dietary fibers from these foods to maximize their disease-preventing properties. The goal of this study was to identify such communities with increased capacity to ferment the dietary fibers in WB and PB. To accomplish these goals, a stepwise ...


The Return To A More Basic And Traditional Approach To Foodways And The Three Pillars Of Sustainability, Tommy Benedetti Apr 2021

The Return To A More Basic And Traditional Approach To Foodways And The Three Pillars Of Sustainability, Tommy Benedetti

Nutrition Student Work

The declining health of the planet, of humans and even of local economies can all be traced directly back to where our food comes from and how it is prepared. Returning to more basic and traditional food practices would benefit the issues stated previously in a multitude of ways. Putting an emphasis on local, fresh and in turn mainly healthier foods will allow individuals to form a deeper connection with where their food comes from. Through developing this deeper association with and understanding of the origins of their food, people will be able to revisit a more meaningful relationship with ...


Declining Knowledge On Paper Food Storage And Preparation Household Food Waste And Sustainability, Luke Ramirez-Bryan, Amir Golmohamadi Apr 2021

Declining Knowledge On Paper Food Storage And Preparation Household Food Waste And Sustainability, Luke Ramirez-Bryan, Amir Golmohamadi

Nutrition Student Work

In 2020 in the U.S alone over 40 million tons of food was wasted. Part of this this waste is attributed to discarded fruits and vegetables and equals to 7% of croplands’ yearly production. Reducing food waste can be an important factor in improving environmental and social sustainability. Lack, or inadequate, knowledge of food preparation, storage, and cooking has contributed to this loss. One method of reducing food wastes is decreasing the amount of waste in households by using nutrition education intervention such as training local communities to improve their cooking skills and general food storage and preparation knowledge ...


Low Sugar Oat Products Are More Sustainable, Why Are They Not On The Shelves Of Supermarkets?, Nicole Heth Apr 2021

Low Sugar Oat Products Are More Sustainable, Why Are They Not On The Shelves Of Supermarkets?, Nicole Heth

Nutrition Student Work

Excess sugar in individuals’ diets may lead to weight related health problems such as obesity and diabetes. Sugar in processed foods is used to add sweetness and intensify flavor this is common in products such as oatmeal and granola bars. Reducing the amount of sugar in food products can contribute to all three pillars of sustainability environmental, economic and social. The goal of this report is to show the steps of developing a reduced sugar oatmeal food product up to the point that it is ready for conducting a sensory evaluation. This report and possible presentation at the WCU’s ...


Water Footprint And The Impact On Food Production And Environmental Sustainability, Syreeta Morgan, Amir Golmohamadi Apr 2021

Water Footprint And The Impact On Food Production And Environmental Sustainability, Syreeta Morgan, Amir Golmohamadi

Nutrition Student Work

Freshwater is in short supply but the demand for it is constantly growing. Water footprint is used to indicate the amount of fresh water that any given process or activity uses. Growing and processing animal products have a much higher water footprint than crops such as fruits and vegetables. More information and research must be carried out regarding water footprints to improve overall sustainability and use of fresh water. Continuous research on developing policies, and more sustainable habits, must be developed to conserve the current freshwater resources. The objective of this research is preparing a report that can be used ...


Simulation Of The Extrusion Process Oil Crops Waste, On The Example Of Flax., Mukhtar Tultabaev, Umyt Zhumanova, Aleksandr Borovski, Marzhan Kizatova Apr 2021

Simulation Of The Extrusion Process Oil Crops Waste, On The Example Of Flax., Mukhtar Tultabaev, Umyt Zhumanova, Aleksandr Borovski, Marzhan Kizatova

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The modern fodder base does not allow organizing a full and balanced feeding of animals, which leads to the use of the genetic potential of livestock productivity by only 40-60%. As a result of the work, the extrusion of waste of post-harvest processing of oilseeds growing in Northern Kazakhstan (flax) was carried out. In the process of work, an experiment planning matrix was drawn up, on the basis of which experiments were carried out on the extrusion of oilseed waste. The research results were processed and mathematical models of optimization were obtained.


Technology Of Obtaining A Food Additive From Citrullus Colocynthis And Its Hypoglycemic Activity, Isomiddin Bobaev, Маrkhаbоkhон Makhmudova, Khayrulla Bobakulov, Vladimir Syrov, Nasrulla Abdullaev Apr 2021

Technology Of Obtaining A Food Additive From Citrullus Colocynthis And Its Hypoglycemic Activity, Isomiddin Bobaev, Маrkhаbоkhон Makhmudova, Khayrulla Bobakulov, Vladimir Syrov, Nasrulla Abdullaev

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the study is to develop a technology for obtaining a food additive for the extract of the pulp of bitter watermelon - Citrullus colocynthis, introduced in Uzbekistan as a hypoglycemic agent. Pharmacological studies have shown the presence of a hypoglycemic effect for aqueous and alcoholic extracts and 2-O-β-glucopyranosyl-cucurbitacin E in rats with alloxan diabetes mellitus. Cucurbitacins were isolated from the extract - cucurbitacin E, 2-O-β-glucopyranosyl-cucurbitacin E and other bioactive substances.

The food supplement obtained from bitter watermelon (Citrullus colocynthis (family Cucurbitaceae)) according to the developed technology showed a higher hypoglycemic activity compared to the drug arfazetin.


Challenges And Opportunities In Food Safety-A Review, Iram Asim, Humaira Yasmeen Apr 2021

Challenges And Opportunities In Food Safety-A Review, Iram Asim, Humaira Yasmeen

Journal of Bioresource Management

Food-borne diseases are the group of disorders that are caused by consuming food having microbial existence in it. So safe food handling is to make sure the lessening of detrimental effects in growth to the packaging of food to minimize health issues on consumers which otherwise can lead to large scale disease outburst. This review concludes the findings of the studies on how food is being handled from farm to fork, how airlines are contributing towards the spreading of diseases, how any negligence in any one of the steps can cause havoc to mankind in the light of the recent ...


Process Interventions For Improving The Microbiological Safety Of Low Moisture Food Ingredients, Tushar Verma Apr 2021

Process Interventions For Improving The Microbiological Safety Of Low Moisture Food Ingredients, Tushar Verma

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The recurrence of Salmonella in low moisture foods and the implementation of the FSMA rule requires a need to validate legacy and novel processing technologies. In this dissertation, a legacy thermal (extrusion), a novel thermal (radiofrequency (RF) heating), and a non-thermal (chlorine dioxide) technology, were evaluated as intervention technologies for Salmonella in low moisture foods. The twin-screw extruder was performed at different levels of screw speeds, temperatures, moisture contents, and fat contents to understand the impact of processing conditions on Salmonella inactivation in oat flour. At temperature >65°C, the Salmonella population was below the detection limit. At 55°C ...


Microbial Challenge Studies Of Radio Frequency Heating For Dairy Powders And Gaseous Technologies For Spices, Xinyao Wei Apr 2021

Microbial Challenge Studies Of Radio Frequency Heating For Dairy Powders And Gaseous Technologies For Spices, Xinyao Wei

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Persistence, thermal resistance, and survival of Salmonella in low moisture foods (LMF) have resulted in several foodborne illness outbreaks. Both existing and novel pasteurization technologies need to be validated for microbial safety of LMF. In this dissertation, a framework for using radio frequency (RF) heating to enhance microbial safety of milk powders and egg white powder was established. Thermal inactivation kinetics of Salmonella in milk powders were determined to guide the dairy industry for identifying thermal processing conditions for pasteurization. Storage time showed no effect on the thermal resistance of Salmonella, which can simplify the process validation study in the ...


Preceptorship Within Accredited Nutrition And Dietetics Programs: A Pragmatic Mixed Methods Study, Angela K. Brekken Apr 2021

Preceptorship Within Accredited Nutrition And Dietetics Programs: A Pragmatic Mixed Methods Study, Angela K. Brekken

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

The purpose of this pragmatic mixed-methods study was to identify the factors that impact a nutrition professional’s preceptorship decision and potential solutions to combat preceptor shortages within accredited nutrition and dietetics programs. Homan’s social exchange theory provided the theoretical framework that if perceived costs of preceptorship outweigh the perceived benefits, then the activity will cease.

Phase one of the study included an online mixed-methods questionnaire. Phase two included a qualitative focus group and interview with self-identified volunteers from phase one. Quantitative analysis through SPSS included descriptive statistics (means and standard deviations) and inferential statistics (one-way ANOVA). Qualitative data ...


Corruption In Capsules: How It Is Legal For Companies To Put Harmful Ingredients In Vitamins And Dietary Supplements, Emily Leggiero Apr 2021

Corruption In Capsules: How It Is Legal For Companies To Put Harmful Ingredients In Vitamins And Dietary Supplements, Emily Leggiero

English Department: Research for Change - Wicked Problems in Our World

The vitamin and supplement industry has increased exponentially in profits as well as potential products on the market since the turn of the century. However, these products are not regulated, nor do they undergo any premarket clinical research or testing. Public health is compromised by vitamins and supplements that are available for American consumption that is disproportionately unregulated to their chemically similar counterparts. This wicked problem is facilitated through the combination of historical legislative definitions that has since been distorted for corrupt administrative gain through the allotment of corporate expenditures. Company disbursements are made to the same policymakers that create ...


Bibliometric Analysis Of The 200 Most Cited Articles On Antioxidant From 1976-2020, Ghouse Modin Nabeesab Mamdapur Mr., Neelesh Kumar Nema Dr., Baby Kumaranthara Chacko Dr., Jose Paul Dr. Apr 2021

Bibliometric Analysis Of The 200 Most Cited Articles On Antioxidant From 1976-2020, Ghouse Modin Nabeesab Mamdapur Mr., Neelesh Kumar Nema Dr., Baby Kumaranthara Chacko Dr., Jose Paul Dr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Antioxidant helps to reduce various disorders and control pathological conditions such as cancer, aging, cardiovascular disease, cataracts, immune system decline, and brain dysfunction etc. In this study, the top 200 highly cited articles (citations 327,657) with total 647 authors were retrieved from Elsevier’s Scopus database (105,440 hits) by the keyword “antioxidant” published across the worldwide for the timespan 1976-2020 years. The data were analysed through bibliometric indicators by using VOSviewer and biblioshiny tools to explore various parameters i.e. keywords co-occurrence, authors contribution, highly cited journals, affiliations/organization engaged and worldwide collaboration. In the year 2001 and ...


An Investigation Into Country Of Origin Labeling, Species Authentication And Short Weighting Of Commercially Sold Frozen Fish Fillets, April M. Peterson, Gabrielle E. Mcbride, Seeret K. Jhita, Rosalee S. Hellberg Apr 2021

An Investigation Into Country Of Origin Labeling, Species Authentication And Short Weighting Of Commercially Sold Frozen Fish Fillets, April M. Peterson, Gabrielle E. Mcbride, Seeret K. Jhita, Rosalee S. Hellberg

Food Science Faculty Articles and Research

Proper labeling of seafood is important to prevent economic deception and protect public health. The goal of this research was to investigate prepackaged frozen fish for Country of Origin Labeling (COOL) compliance, species labeling, net weights/short weighting, and percent glaze. A total of 111 frozen prepackaged fish fillets were purchased from grocery stores in Southern California (USA). Samples were designated as COOL compliant if they displayed both procurement method and country of origin in accordance with COOL requirements. Species labeling was examined by comparing the species identified with DNA barcoding to the acceptable market names provided in the FDA ...


Rejection Of African Indigenous Food: The Case Of Rwanda, Eugene Baraka Apr 2021

Rejection Of African Indigenous Food: The Case Of Rwanda, Eugene Baraka

NUTR/GLST 498b: Global Research Experiences in Nutrition & Health

Rwanda has one of the highest stunting rates among children globally, and malnutrition remains one of the most pressing public health issues. Lack of diversified diets, due to colonialization and nutrition transition, is the leading cause of the double burden of malnutrition in the country where the progress to reduce undernutrition is slow and obesity rates are rapidly rising. Consumption of indigenous foods has proven to diversify diets, but very few studies have been conducted to assess which ones are available for consumption in Rwanda. The purpose of this study was to assess the availability and use of indigenous foods ...


Fermentation Performance And Nutritional Assessment Of Physically Processed Lentil And Green Pea Flour, Bibek Byanju, Milagros P. Hojilla‐Evangelista, Buddhi P. Lamsal Mar 2021

Fermentation Performance And Nutritional Assessment Of Physically Processed Lentil And Green Pea Flour, Bibek Byanju, Milagros P. Hojilla‐Evangelista, Buddhi P. Lamsal

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

BACKGROUND

A significant amount of nutrients, including dietary fibers, proteins, minerals, and vitamins are present in legumes, but the presence of anti‐nutritional factors (ANFs) like phytic acid, tannins, and enzyme inhibitors impact the consumption of legume and nutrient availability. In this research, the effect of a physical process (sonication or precooking) and fermentation with Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus acidilactici on ANFs of some legumes was evaluated.

RESULTS

Total phenolic contents were significantly (p<0.05) reduced for modified and fermented substrates compared to non‐fermented controls. Trypsin inhibitory activity (TIA) was reduced significantly for all substrates except for unsonicated soybean and lentil fermented with L. plantarum and P. acidilactici. When physical processing was done, there was a decrease in TIA for all the substrate. Phytic acid content decreased for physically ...


Sweet Dreams (Are Made Of This): A Review And Perspectives On Aspartic Acid Production, Holly Appleton, Kurt A. Rosentrater Mar 2021

Sweet Dreams (Are Made Of This): A Review And Perspectives On Aspartic Acid Production, Holly Appleton, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Aspartic acid, or “aspartate,” is a non-essential, four carbon amino acid produced and used by the body in two enantiomeric forms: L-aspartic acid and D-aspartic acid. The L-configuration of amino acids is the dominant form used in protein synthesis; thus, L-aspartic acid is by far the more common configuration. However, D-aspartic acid is one of only two known D-amino acids biosynthesized by eukaryotes. While L-aspartic acid is used in protein biosynthesis and neurotransmission, D-aspartic acid is associated with neurogenesis and the endocrine system. Aspartic acid production and use has been growing in recent years. The purpose of this article is ...


Juvenile Bluegill (Lepomis Macrochirus) Can Be Fed Diets Without Marine Fish Meal Without Adverse Effects On Growth, Survival, Diet Utilization, And Body Composition, Carl D. Webster, Steven D. Rawles, Anita M. Kelly, Luke A. Roy, Kurt A. Rosentrater Mar 2021

Juvenile Bluegill (Lepomis Macrochirus) Can Be Fed Diets Without Marine Fish Meal Without Adverse Effects On Growth, Survival, Diet Utilization, And Body Composition, Carl D. Webster, Steven D. Rawles, Anita M. Kelly, Luke A. Roy, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

There has been an increasing global demand for large bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) to supply the food‐fish market. Current bluegill diets resemble those for largemouth bass and contain a high percentage of marine fish meal (FM). Research into the use of alternative protein ingredients for bluegill diets need to be conducted to not only conserve finite marine resources, but to reduce cost and expand the supply of bluegill to the global market. We evaluated growth, survival and body composition of bluegill fed diets in which FM was partially or totally replaced by various combinations of soybean meal, poultry by‐product ...


Nutraceutical Intervention With Colostrum Replacer: Can We Reduce Disease Hazard, Ameliorate Disease Severity, And Improve Performance In Preweaned Dairy Calves?, Melissa C. Cantor, D. L. Renaud, Joao H. C. Costa Mar 2021

Nutraceutical Intervention With Colostrum Replacer: Can We Reduce Disease Hazard, Ameliorate Disease Severity, And Improve Performance In Preweaned Dairy Calves?, Melissa C. Cantor, D. L. Renaud, Joao H. C. Costa

Animal and Food Sciences Faculty Publications

The objective of this randomized clinical trial was to determine if an intervention with colostrum replacer (CR; Premolac Plus, Zinpro; 125 g/d fed for 3 d) or a placebo milk replacer (Cows Match, Land O'Lakes Inc.; 125 g/d for 3 d) following a triggered alarm could ameliorate disease bouts in dairy calves. The alarm was set to detect negative deviations of milk intake (20% reduction) or drinking speed (30% reduction) in relation to a calf's 12-d rolling average feeding behavior. Calves were enrolled on this study (n = 42 CR, n = 42 placebo) when they triggered an ...


S4e4 : What Is The Future Of Maine’S Food System?, Ron Lisnet, Rob Dumas Mar 2021

S4e4 : What Is The Future Of Maine’S Food System?, Ron Lisnet, Rob Dumas

The Maine Question

Everyone loves food. It fills our stomachs, tantalizes our taste buds, sustains us through times of strife and prosperity, fuels multiple industries and helps define cultures. How best to obtain, consume, preserve, distribute and regulate food drives aspects of health care, science and politics. As food science innovation coordinator for the University of Maine’s School of Food and Agriculture, Rob Dumas brings a unique perspective on food to the table. Managing the food science pilot plant at the school, conducting research, teaching classes and working with food companies has given Dumas morsels of insight into the future of Maine ...


Determination Of Glycidyl Esters And 3-Mcpd Esters In Edible Oils By Sample Pretreatment With The Combination Of Lipase Hydrolysis And Modified Quechers For Gc-Ms Analysis, Hsin-Ya Tsai, Jhih-Ning Hsu, Chun-Jen Fang, Nan-Wei Su Mar 2021

Determination Of Glycidyl Esters And 3-Mcpd Esters In Edible Oils By Sample Pretreatment With The Combination Of Lipase Hydrolysis And Modified Quechers For Gc-Ms Analysis, Hsin-Ya Tsai, Jhih-Ning Hsu, Chun-Jen Fang, Nan-Wei Su

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Glycidyl esters (GEs) and 3-chloroprapane-1,2-diol esters (3-MCPDEs) are processing contaminants in refined edible oils that have raised concerns globally owing to their potentially carcinogenic properties. Official analytical methods for GEs and 3-MCPDEs, such as AOCS Cd 29a-13 and AOCS Cd 29b-13, require up to 16 h for chemical hydrolysis. Also, parallel experiments should be conducted to correct for the conversion of analytes during hydrolysis in AOCS Cd 29b-13. For AOCS Cd 29c-13 with the shortest operating time, the reaction time (3.5-5.5 min) and temperature of alkaline hydrolysis should be carefully controlled, implying the accuracy may be influenced ...


A Convenient And Sensitive Colorimetric Iodide Assay Based On Directly Inducing Morphological Transformation Of Gold Nanostars, Rongju Zhou, Xiaohui Huang, Qingxiao An, Weizhen Xu, Yi Liu, Dong Xu, Suyan Wang, Qinlu Lin, Jianglin Zhang Mar 2021

A Convenient And Sensitive Colorimetric Iodide Assay Based On Directly Inducing Morphological Transformation Of Gold Nanostars, Rongju Zhou, Xiaohui Huang, Qingxiao An, Weizhen Xu, Yi Liu, Dong Xu, Suyan Wang, Qinlu Lin, Jianglin Zhang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

We propose a convenient and easy colorimetric assay for highly sensitive detection of iodide by using gold nanostars (GNSs) as probes. The assay relies on that iodide directly changes the morphology of GNSs and alters their longitudinal localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) without surface modifications and the use of other reagents. Upon increasing iodide concentration, GNSs gradually transformed to sphere gold nanoparticles, the absorbance at longitudinal LSPR decreased, and solution color varied from greenish blue to red, as confirmed by the UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. With this strategy, as low as 0.005 μM of iodide can ...