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484— Modeling Social Distancing Methods And Their Effectiveness In Combating The Spread Of Ebola, Rachel Fair 2020 SUNY Geneseo

484— Modeling Social Distancing Methods And Their Effectiveness In Combating The Spread Of Ebola, Rachel Fair

GREAT Day

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare but severe disease that is transmitted among humans through direct-contact with, and close proximity to, infected bodily fluids. From 2014-16, West Africa experienced the largest Ebola outbreak ever recorded, infecting over 28,000 people, and killing over 11,000. Although the symptoms of EVD are treatable, the disease can be extremely deadly, with an average of 50% EVD cases resulting in fatality. In areas where healthcare is scarce and vaccinations are not readily available, the practices of social distancing and self-quarantining have been shown to be highly effective in combating the spread of ...


194— Plant Diversity & Allergies, Catherine Kilada 2020 SUNY Geneseo

194— Plant Diversity & Allergies, Catherine Kilada

GREAT Day

The impact of industrialization and its resulting decline in biodiversity may be a contributing factor to the rapidly increasing prevalence of allergies across the United States. This decline in biodiversity reduces the contact between people and various tree species, causing an increase in the number of individuals who experience moderate to severe allergies. I predict there may be a correlation between myriad allergies and geographic location within New York State. Using an online survey distributed to the Geneseo Student Body, I will determine if there are certain areas of New York State that have higher reports of certain allergy types ...


333— Effectiveness Of Batesian Mimicry In The Ant Mimicking Spider Myrmarachne Formicaria, Alanna Richman, Bea Dipzinski 2020 SUNY Geneseo

333— Effectiveness Of Batesian Mimicry In The Ant Mimicking Spider Myrmarachne Formicaria, Alanna Richman, Bea Dipzinski

GREAT Day

Myrmarachne formicaria is a non-native ant-mimicking spider that was first recorded in New York in 2006. Little is known about its natural history in its native range in Europe and Asia or in its newly colonized range in North America. Some spider species are Batesian mimics that resemble ants in order to avoid being eaten, since many potential predators will not prey on ants. To assess the effectiveness of Batesian mimicry in this species, we staged encounters with a larger salticid spider species that could be a potential predator of M. formicaria. In total, 12 predator spiders were observed with ...


465— Modeling Vaccine Efficacy For Tuberculosis In A Prison Population, Kaitlyn Mundackal 2020 SUNY Geneseo

465— Modeling Vaccine Efficacy For Tuberculosis In A Prison Population, Kaitlyn Mundackal

GREAT Day

Tuberculosis is a highly contagious disease and is particularly problematic in confined communities such as prisons. I simulated how Tuberculosis moves through a prison population and tested how much vaccination effort is needed to control its spread. To explore this, I tested adding ever increasing numbers of randomly placed edges in a network and determined the size of the largest component. Afterwards, I removed edges in the model using two different methods, one illustrating if the edges were removed randomly and the other starting with prisoners that had the most connections, to simulate the effect of vaccination. My results show ...


470— Quantifying The Shape Of A Plant (Brassica Rapa) During Growth Under Different Light Intensities Using Fractal Geometry, Matthew Cotroneo 2020 SUNY Geneseo

470— Quantifying The Shape Of A Plant (Brassica Rapa) During Growth Under Different Light Intensities Using Fractal Geometry, Matthew Cotroneo

GREAT Day

Over time plants not only increase in size but also change their shape. Quantifying this change in shape, however, is challenging. Fractal dimension, a measure of how these plants fill space, can provide a wholistic understanding of plant shape and how that shape changes as the plants react to their environments. I used a high-resolution, three-dimensional scanner to estimate the shape of Brassica rapa plants during growth under three different light intensities: low (40 Einsteins), medium (75 Einsteins) and high (100 Einsteins). From these data, each plant's above-ground shape was quantified using fractal geometry. The fractal dimension (D) of ...


135— Coral-Sponge Interactions On Rocky Point Reef, San Salvador, Bahamas, Michael Harvey, Anna Meichenbaum, Brooke Stickles 2020 SUNY Geneseo

135— Coral-Sponge Interactions On Rocky Point Reef, San Salvador, Bahamas, Michael Harvey, Anna Meichenbaum, Brooke Stickles

GREAT Day

We surveyed the intensity of competition for reef space between sponges and corals at the Rocky Point patch reef adjacent to San Salvador Island, The Bahamas. Our working hypothesis was that, because of a dearth of predators, fast growing, chemically unprotected sponges more likely to be involved in competitive interactions. Results indicate that competition for reef space was widespread, but contrary to our hypothesis no sponge or coral species was disproportionately more involved in these interactions. These results contradict previous studies on Rocky Point reef and in our discussion we propose an explanation for this discrepancy.


158— Optimization And Development Of The Luria-Delbrück Experiment For Geneseo Genetics Labs, Abigail Scheffler 2020 SUNY Geneseo

158— Optimization And Development Of The Luria-Delbrück Experiment For Geneseo Genetics Labs, Abigail Scheffler

GREAT Day

The classic genetics experiment by Salvador Luria and Max Delbruck showed that mutations are present prior to selection rather than arising in response to selective pressures. In this experiment, we used Escherichia coli as our model organism and the antibiotics streptomycin and rifampicin to show students in a laboratory setting how this hypothesis can be applied. Specifically, we optimized antibiotic concentrations and the amount of bacterial cells to use in order for the activity to run smoothly and consistently in a student laboratory. We found that the ideal conditions are 1000 cells/ml and 25 micrograms/ml of streptomycin. These ...


Volume 12, Haleigh James, Hannah Meyls, Hope Irvin, Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, Austin J. Funk, Karyn Keane, Sarah Ghali, Antonio Harvey, Andrew Jones, Rachel Hazelwood, Madison Schmitz, Marija Venta, Haley Tebo, Jeremiah Gilmer, Bridget Dunn, Benjamin Sullivan, McKenzie Johnson 2020 Longwood University

Volume 12, Haleigh James, Hannah Meyls, Hope Irvin, Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, Austin J. Funk, Karyn Keane, Sarah Ghali, Antonio Harvey, Andrew Jones, Rachel Hazelwood, Madison Schmitz, Marija Venta, Haley Tebo, Jeremiah Gilmer, Bridget Dunn, Benjamin Sullivan, Mckenzie Johnson

Incite: The Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship

Introduction, Dr. Roger A. Byrne, Dean

From the Editor, Dr. Larissa "Kat" Tracy

From the Designers, Rachel English, Rachel Hanson

Immortality in the Mortal World: Otherworldly Intervention in "Lanval" and "The Wife of Bath's Tale" by Haleigh James

Analysis of Phenolic Compounds in Moroccan Olive Oils by HPLC by Hannah Meyls

Art by Hope Irvin

The Effects of Cell Phone Use on Gameplay Enjoyment and Frustration by Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, and Austin J. Funk

Care, No Matter What: Planned Parenthood's Use of Organizational Rhetoric to Expand its Reputation by Karyn Keane

Analysis of Petroleum Products ...


147— The Effect Of A Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor On Pd-L1, Hla-Abc, Hla-E, And Hla-G On Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines, Nikhil Reddy, Alec Toufexis 2020 SUNY Geneseo

147— The Effect Of A Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor On Pd-L1, Hla-Abc, Hla-E, And Hla-G On Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines, Nikhil Reddy, Alec Toufexis

GREAT Day

Increased expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allows tumor cells to be more easily detected by the immune system. In previous research, epigenetic modifiers including the histone deacetylase inhibitor 3 (HDAC3), RGFP966, has been shown to decrease PD-L1 expression. PD-L1 expression inhibits T cell cytotoxicity, and decreasing it can enhance the immune response. We hope to elucidate whether or not HLA-ABC expression similarly decreases upon exposure to the HDAC3 inhibitor which would be detrimental to immune detection. Two breast cancer cell lines that express HLA-ABC are MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231. Our initial results show that HLA-ABC is expressed on the MDA-MB-231 ...


224— Analysis Of Foraging Bat Species On The Suny Geneseo Campus, Stephen Loce 2020 SUNY Geneseo

224— Analysis Of Foraging Bat Species On The Suny Geneseo Campus, Stephen Loce

GREAT Day

Bats are often an overlooked or vilified taxon, but they perform numerous important ecosystem services including pest control, pollination, as well as nutrient cycling. Their nocturnal behavior, quick movements, and small size make them difficult to study. Audio recording is among the most effective ways to study bat populations, as the echolocation they use to find and capture prey can be recorded using high-frequency recording devices without the need to capture individuals.This study analyzed the patterns of bat foraging populations around the SUNY Geneseo campus from early June until late September with high-frequency audio recording to estimate the number ...


493— The Effects Of 5-Azacytidine On Hla-Abc, Hla-E, Hla-G And Hla-A Expression, Adam Hansen, Robert W. O'Donnell 2020 State University of New York College at Geneseo

493— The Effects Of 5-Azacytidine On Hla-Abc, Hla-E, Hla-G And Hla-A Expression, Adam Hansen, Robert W. O'Donnell

GREAT Day

Epigenetic modifiers, like the DNA methylation inhibitor 5-Azacytidine (5-AzaC), have been shown to increase human leukocyte antigen (HLA) expression. The expression of HLA is required for a T-cell response to detect tumor cells. A lack of HLA expression allows tumor cells to escape immune detection. It has been previously shown that 5-AzaC is able to upregulate HLA-ABC expression in the cell line MDA-MB-435. However, other HLA proteins like HLA-E and HLA-G may be concurrently upregulated, which would have negative implications on tumor immunity. One flask of MDA-MB-435 cells was treated for 48 hours with 5-AzaC at 0.0025 mg/mL ...


Biol 488: The Assessment And Analyzation Of Threats To Marine Life And Habitats And Project Proposals To Combat These Threats., Reece Theakston 2020 Longwood University

Biol 488: The Assessment And Analyzation Of Threats To Marine Life And Habitats And Project Proposals To Combat These Threats., Reece Theakston

Student Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

For overfishing I propose that periodically we slightly expand fish sanctuaries and modify regulations to allow populations more time and more areas to grow. For pollution, the areas of pollution should be sectioned and ranked, then starting with the highest priority areas start pollution cleanup with both man and machine. Once the pollution is collected, I propose that the use of plastic eating bacteria and caterpillars be implemented to further break pollution down. In regard to habitat destruction I think the best approach is to treat the areas like a garden, plant new seeds, give them the nutrients and support ...


Biol 488: Overview Of Health Consequences In The Ketogenic Diet And Efficacy In Treating Type-2 Diabetes, Talbot Thames 2020 Longwood University

Biol 488: Overview Of Health Consequences In The Ketogenic Diet And Efficacy In Treating Type-2 Diabetes, Talbot Thames

Student Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

The ketogenic diet is an increasingly popular tool for weight loss. It has shown benefits for Type II Diabetes patients in reducing the use of medication for treatment and keeping blood glucose levels to manageable levels. This approach to diabetes management is stunted, however, due to a multitude of adverse effects such as acidosis and atherogenic risk factors. Dietary trials were performed to assess the efficacy of both diets in reducing blood glucose levels and other against the contemporary western diet, composed of a moderate-carbohydrate and moderate-fat macronutrient profile. Upon completion, diabetic subjects in both the high-carbohydrate and low ketogenic ...


Possible Roles For Essential Oils In Chemoprevention And Suppression Of Cancer, Chad Kirk Lillestolen 2020 Liberty University

Possible Roles For Essential Oils In Chemoprevention And Suppression Of Cancer, Chad Kirk Lillestolen

Senior Honors Theses

Cancer represents one of the costliest and most prevalent diseases to afflict the modern world, even though treatments have evolved steadily over the years and produce an increasingly positive outlook with each development and innovation. Essential oils have been used medicinally- among other purposes- for thousands of years and have begun to attract attention for possible applications to the field of oncology. Numerous investigations and publications have shed light on the possible chemopreventative (antioxidant and antimetastatic) uses of these oils, alongside cancer suppressive (apoptosis-inducing and cytotoxic) abilities that they may possess. With the high annual incidence of cancer and the ...


Biol 250: Snp Rs2741762 Gel Electrophoresis, Pcr Purification, And Sequencing, Kaylen Karnes 2020 Longwood University

Biol 250: Snp Rs2741762 Gel Electrophoresis, Pcr Purification, And Sequencing, Kaylen Karnes

Student Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

No abstract provided.


Biol 250: Curly Hair Trait: Homozygous Or Heterozygous, Kaysi Bing 2020 Longwood University

Biol 250: Curly Hair Trait: Homozygous Or Heterozygous, Kaysi Bing

Student Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

Research Aim: To connect the SNP rs17646946 AG genotype and curly hair

Hypothesis: People expressing a GG genotype at the SNP rs17646946 are most likely to have the curly hair trait


Biol 250: Sneezing & Cilantro, Corbin Winborn, Jamie Slaughter 2020 Longwood University

Biol 250: Sneezing & Cilantro, Corbin Winborn, Jamie Slaughter

Student Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

No abstract provided.


Biol 250: Dna Identificaion Of Blue/Brown Eyed Snp Using Polymerase And Sequencing Data Analysis, Roxana Salas 2020 Longwood University

Biol 250: Dna Identificaion Of Blue/Brown Eyed Snp Using Polymerase And Sequencing Data Analysis, Roxana Salas

Student Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

No abstract provided.


Testing Kinship Via Mitochondrial Dna On Colony Vs. Non-Colony Cats, Ashley Ruddy 2020 Duquesne University

Testing Kinship Via Mitochondrial Dna On Colony Vs. Non-Colony Cats, Ashley Ruddy

Graduate Student Research Symposium

Populations of feral cats (Felis catus) have drawn public attention due to a variety of reasons, including the increasing population size and decreasing native fauna populations. Several communities have implemented the Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) method, developed in Rome. This study examined whether cats that live in a certain social environment (colony cats) are more likely to be related than cats of the general population (non-colony cats). The degree of relatedness was to be determined separately for the populations. The alternative hypothesis for this study is that colony cats are more related than non-colony cats.

Frankie’s Friends, spay and neuter clinic ...


A Case Study Of Suicide By Hemlock Intoxication, Erica Maney 2020 Duquesne University

A Case Study Of Suicide By Hemlock Intoxication, Erica Maney

Graduate Student Research Symposium

Poison hemlock (Conium maculatum), the infamous plant responsible for the death of Socrates, is toxic to humans and animals. In cases where hemlock led to death, the cause of death is usually associated with respiratory arrest, muscle paralysis or complications of acute renal failure. While the entire plant is toxic, the most dangerous part is the seeds, which contain the highest alkaloid concentration. It contains eight piperidine alkaloids, with the most potent one being coniine. Coniine is a neurotoxin that disrupts the function of the peripheral nervous system, causing respiratory paralysis. Initial symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, hypertension, tachycardia ...


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