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Using Modeling To Investigate Factors Driving Avian Diversity In Urban Ecosystems, Clay Bliznick 2021 Murray State University

Using Modeling To Investigate Factors Driving Avian Diversity In Urban Ecosystems, Clay Bliznick

Scholars Week

Anthropogenic influences have altered global landscapes considerably throughout the past two centuries, resulting in the decline of natural land cover types. Conversely, land cover types such as cropland and urban areas that are derived from human activities have experienced vast expansion. This landscape transition has serious implications for ecosystem services. To mitigate the loss of these services, it is necessary to maintain ecological integrity within these anthropogenically-influenced systems. Being able to support high biodiversity is an indicator of well-functioning ecosystems, thus quantifying biodiversity and assessing its contributing factors can be useful for developing management strategies in artificial environments. Our objective ...


Black Apollo Of Science: The Life Of Ernest Everett Just - Summarizing Timeline, Sumitography And Concept Poster, Lillie R. Jenkins 2021 Southern Methodist University

Black Apollo Of Science: The Life Of Ernest Everett Just - Summarizing Timeline, Sumitography And Concept Poster, Lillie R. Jenkins

Perkins Faculty Research and Special Events

This two-part chronology is based on Kenneth R. Manning’s biography, Black Apollo of Science: The Life of Ernest Everett Just (1983). Like other such timelines, this one details Just’s life and pioneering research work. Additionally, and distinctively, this timetable lays out Just’s pioneering fund-seeking and his work mentoring African American female co-researchers (Part 1). A sumitography featuring the United States Postal Service’s postage stamp (1996) recognizes Just’s innovative thinking in biology (Part 2). Following this logic, the author includes a proof-of-concept poster commending E.E. Just’s work as a forward-thinking administrator. This timeline ...


Laboratory Techniques In Public Health: Bi-520 Introduction To Public Health Lab Manual, Anuradha Srivastava 2021 CUNY Queensborough Community College

Laboratory Techniques In Public Health: Bi-520 Introduction To Public Health Lab Manual, Anuradha Srivastava

Open Educational Resources

This laboratory manual for a foundations course Public Health is unique in the sense that very rarely, a foundations course in the field has a lab component offered with the lecture. This lab manual provides basic laboratory exercises that could be useful to introduce undergraduate students to the basics of public health laboratory practices.


Exotic Legume's Leaf Litter Beneficial To Prairie Plants, Asher Gardner 2021 Undergraduate

Exotic Legume's Leaf Litter Beneficial To Prairie Plants, Asher Gardner

Biology

Lespedeza cuneata is an invasive, non-native species of bush clover that is invading prairies where the native Lespedeza capitata grows. Both species of bush clover are legumes, which are nitrogen fixers. Legumes and their senescent leaves (i.e., “litter”) are well known for increasing levels of available nitrogen in the soil. However, the exotic L. cuneata also produces tannins that reduce the rate of germination in some prairie plants. The purpose of this study was to clarify whether these compounds in the litter of the invasive species of bush clover deter early growth in its native competitors, and to determine ...


Creepy Crawly Compensation: Examining The Costs Of Ectoparasite-Induced Compensatory Growth In Late-Stage Nestlings, Elliot Lusk 2021 Graduate

Creepy Crawly Compensation: Examining The Costs Of Ectoparasite-Induced Compensatory Growth In Late-Stage Nestlings, Elliot Lusk

Biology

When normal growth rates are suppressed, organisms may undergo a rapid period of increased growth in order to match the physical requirements of a developmental benchmark. This compensatory growth, however, is not without its costs, which can have varying consequences. In nestlings, a major benchmark is that of fledging, which requires advanced physical maturation. In previous studies, compensatory growth and some of its associated costs have been shown in prefledging nestlings but fledging-aged nestlings and the costs they may have sustained needs further study. Here we examine the costs of compensatory growth in late-stage European starling (Sturnus vulgaris) nestlings under ...


What’S The Buzz?, Christine L. Moskalik 2021 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

What’S The Buzz?, Christine L. Moskalik

Teacher Resources

No abstract provided.


Seed Rain–Successional Feedbacks In Wet Tropical Forests, Nohemi Huanca Nuñez, Robin L. Chazdon, Sabrina E. Russo 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Seed Rain–Successional Feedbacks In Wet Tropical Forests, Nohemi Huanca Nuñez, Robin L. Chazdon, Sabrina E. Russo

Faculty Publications in the Biological Sciences

Abstract

Tropical forest regeneration after abandonment of former agricultural land depends critically on the input of tree seeds, yet seed dispersal is increasingly disrupted in contemporary human-modified landscapes. Here, we introduce the concept of seed rain–successional feedbacks as a deterministic process in which seed rain is shaped by successional dynamics internal to a forest site and that acts to reinforce priority effects. We used a combination of time series and chronosequence approaches to investigate how the quantity and taxonomic and functional composition of seed rain change during succession and to evaluate the strength of seed rain–successional feedbacks, relative ...


Preservation Of Morehead State History, Jacob Bush 2021 Morehead State University

Preservation Of Morehead State History, Jacob Bush

2021 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Oral Presentations

This project is being undertaken in an effort to preserve the buildings and history of Morehead State University. It is the goal of this project to make additions to the historic district of MSU by adding qualifying buildings to the National Register of Historic Places. By adding buildings to the Register, they would be recognized on the federal level as historic sites and receive support for their preservation. The Register seeks to protect sites of importance through many ways including the gifting of funding to ensure preservation. The goals of this project will be achieved using historical texts from our ...


Listen To Your Heart: Promoting Traditional Music In The Schools Of Appalachia, Cera Clark 2021 Morehead State University

Listen To Your Heart: Promoting Traditional Music In The Schools Of Appalachia, Cera Clark

2021 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Oral Presentations

Appalachian culture has many distinguishing features, one of those being the traditional music that has endured generations. Fostering traditional music in the region’s schools could help keep that heritage alive. While there are multiple programs that have worked to promote traditional music in Appalachia’s public schools, many systems have found the cost of visiting artists, instruments, and field trips out of reach with increasing budget cuts. The past year presented additional problems, as many schools have been forced to turn to alternative delivery systems for education that rely heavily on technology. Organizing a series of instructional videos, featuring ...


A Lifetime Of Purpose: The Rock Fork Community Center, The Rock Fork Attic, The Attic, Cheyenne Smith, Joy Gritton 2021 Morehead State University

A Lifetime Of Purpose: The Rock Fork Community Center, The Rock Fork Attic, The Attic, Cheyenne Smith, Joy Gritton

2021 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Oral Presentations

A strong sense of community is a hard thing to come by these days, knowing the history of a place that used to be the center of a now sparse community is even harder. This presentation will explore one such history in the hope of inspiring community building through essential common spaces. The Rock Fork Community Center, now simply known as Rock Fork Attic or just The Attic, began as a place for the small community of Rock Fork in Knott County, Kentucky, to gather. For many years the community came together there for social events, fund raisers, school activities ...


Wolf Selection Of Human-Modified Linear Features And Cover Types When Hunting And Killing White-Tailed Deer Fawns, Austin T. Homkes 2021 Northern Michigan University

Wolf Selection Of Human-Modified Linear Features And Cover Types When Hunting And Killing White-Tailed Deer Fawns, Austin T. Homkes

All NMU Master's Theses

Predators must optimize and adapt foraging behavior for multiple spatial scales to take advantage of abundant and vulnerable prey. Wolves (Canis lupus) live in human-modified landscapes where anthropogenic disturbances and landscape alterations can influence predator-prey dynamics. In southern boreal ecosystems, wolves rely heavily on seasonally abundant white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) fawns, which are highly susceptible to predation in their first weeks of life. My objective was to understand how anthropogenic disturbances—specifically timber harvest areas and linear features—and cover types influence where wolves hunt and kill fawns. During 2016–2019, I fit wolves with 20-min-fix-interval Global Positioning System (GPS ...


College Of Natural Sciences Newsletter, April 2021, College Of Natural Sciences 2021 South Dakota State University

College Of Natural Sciences Newsletter, April 2021, College Of Natural Sciences

College of Natural Sciences Newsletters and Reports

Volume 2, Issue 4

Page 1 Dean's Message
Page 2 & 3 Awards & Recognition
Page 4 Student Spotlight: Allsion Bjornstad
Page 5 Research Spotlight: Dr. Vondruska & Students
Page 6 Department Head Interviews
Page 7 Media Coverage of CNS
Page 8 Open PRAIRIE Data
Page 9 Student Club Spotlight: BMGSA
Page 10 Then & Now: Urban Geography


Analysis Of Student Learning Gains In A Biochemistry Cure Course During The Mandatory Covid-19 Shift To Online Learning, Ambika Kapil, Santanu De, Arthur Sikora 2021 Nova Southeastern University

Analysis Of Student Learning Gains In A Biochemistry Cure Course During The Mandatory Covid-19 Shift To Online Learning, Ambika Kapil, Santanu De, Arthur Sikora

Biology Faculty Proceedings, Presentations, Speeches, Lectures

Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, institutions across the world have had to make modifications to existing curricula, especially in the experimental science lab. There is a need to better understand student learning in this environment. Using the Participant Perception Indicator (PPI) survey, we measure the students’ knowledge, experience, and confidence (KEC) growth over the course of a fully online biochemistry course. Using a combination of video explanations, experimental procedure documents and sample data students completed the Biochemistry Authentic Scientific Inquiry Lab (BASIL) Course-based Undergraduate Experience (CURE) in summer 2020. The results and analysis of the survey data gave light ...


Who Are You? The Evolution Of Appalachian Identity, Kiersten Baum, Ashton Culp 2021 Morehead State University

Who Are You? The Evolution Of Appalachian Identity, Kiersten Baum, Ashton Culp

2021 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Oral Presentations

No abstract provided.


French Textbook Illustrations, Abigail Hall, Nicholas Anderson, Karen Taylor 2021 Morehead State University

French Textbook Illustrations, Abigail Hall, Nicholas Anderson, Karen Taylor

2021 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Oral Presentations

This project has been an update of an introductory French textbook in order to make the work more cohesive illustratively. Each week we were given a drawing task to go with a chapter or vocabulary assignment to replace, revamp or develop new art work of greater value than the preexisting illustrations.


Predicting Covid 19 Infection Groups Using Social Networks And Machine Learning Algorithms, Kyle Spurlock, Heba Elgazzar 2021 Morehead State University

Predicting Covid 19 Infection Groups Using Social Networks And Machine Learning Algorithms, Kyle Spurlock, Heba Elgazzar

2021 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Oral Presentations

Today, social media has grown in usage to the point where it is often deeply intertwined with life offline. People share their thoughts, passions, and lives online, and in many ways these social networks can be considered abstractions of real-world society. The idea for this research is that by modeling on these social networks, these glimpses into people’s lives through their words and posts is capable of showing their current health situation, and their susceptibly to outside influences affecting it. The goal of this research project is to design and implement unsupervised machine learning techniques to group together subnetworks ...


Low Stress Handling Techniques In Shelter Animals And The Overall Effects On Physiological Parameters, Ashley Swim, Courtney Smart, Amy Staton 2021 Morehead State University

Low Stress Handling Techniques In Shelter Animals And The Overall Effects On Physiological Parameters, Ashley Swim, Courtney Smart, Amy Staton

2021 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Oral Presentations

Animal shelters tend to be a very stressful environment for dogs as there are many new sounds, smells, and animals. This stress is not only bad for their psychological health and can lead to behavioral issues, but it can also have an impact on their physical health. Stress impacts multiple systems of the body, resulting in increased heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, temperature and even blood glucose levels in dogs. The impact stress has on these systems can lead to a compromised immune system and increases the probabilities of the dog becoming ill. However, by using Fear Free methods ...


Cultivating Gratitude And Learning: Virtual Agriculture Education For Elementary School Students, Heather Smith, Joy Gritton 2021 Morehead State University

Cultivating Gratitude And Learning: Virtual Agriculture Education For Elementary School Students, Heather Smith, Joy Gritton

2021 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Oral Presentations

In a time when the majority of young children know more about a computer than agriculture, this project brings agriculture to them in a unique way. This presentation introduces a program that aims to connect elementary students with the vast agriculture industry in the digital age using appropriate technology. The project consists of teaching children in Eastern Kentucky and beyond about agriculture and land use through the virtual dissemination of relevant stories, facts, and activities. In this way children can learn how agriculture is vital to their everyday life. Featured topics include horticulture crops, agronomic crops, livestock, and the history ...


Adverse Experiences, Depression, And Parenting Sensitivity., Lauren Oldiges, Savannah Gillis, Tiffany Hicks, Shari Kidwell 2021 Morehead State University

Adverse Experiences, Depression, And Parenting Sensitivity., Lauren Oldiges, Savannah Gillis, Tiffany Hicks, Shari Kidwell

2021 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Oral Presentations

Parental sensitivity is a key determinant of attachment security and child well-being. Yet many parents in our region face challenges to parenting, such as increased exposure to adverse experiences and depression. Both cumulative exposure to adverse experiences and depression symptoms have been associated with increased risk to parenting (Hays-Grudo & Wilson, 2020). The present study explores connections between parents’ sensitivity/synchrony scores on the Toddler CARE-Index (TCI: Crittenden, 2007), Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) amongst parents, and parental depression. As part of a larger longitudinal study of Eastern Kentucky families, 35 children (mean age 4.5 years) and their parents participated in the Strange Situation (Ainsworth, Blehar, & Waters, 1978). This separation-reunion procedure places caregivers under some stress. Higher TCI ratings, on a 15-point scale, indicate which parents modify their behavior to stay consistently sensitive to their child’s needs. Parents also completed an interview about their childhood with their families. These were rated for the presence of trauma (most often sexual abuse); family substance abuse; loss of a parent (usually separation); excessive physical discipline; and emotional abuse. The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale assessed parents self-report of these symptoms. Although coding with the TCI is ongoing, analyses with 28 families indicate that sensitivity scores are associated with both parental depression and their ...


The Pitcher Is Throwing Heat: Preference Of Figurative Discourse In Athletes And Non Athletes, Lindsay Anderson, Lynn Haller 2021 Morehead State University

The Pitcher Is Throwing Heat: Preference Of Figurative Discourse In Athletes And Non Athletes, Lindsay Anderson, Lynn Haller

2021 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Oral Presentations

The use of metaphor is distinctive and evident in every day human language. Previously, we demonstrated that humans easily produce metaphors when prompted. The current investigation explored whether various populations preferred known sport metaphors versus the literal translation. Coaches and players often express their understanding and expectations of sports through non-literal language. Understanding this narrative is effective for athlete's comprehension is essential in improving a team or individual performance. Long ago, Ortony (1975) praised the effectiveness of figurative language as a communication tool. The current study uses those principles to investigate the use of metaphor's validity in a ...


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