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Magnetic Properties Of Gd Intermetallics, L. Petit, Z. Szotek, J. Jackson, M. Lüders, Durga Paudyal, Yaroslav Mudryk, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, K. A. Gschneidner, J. B. Staunton 2018 Daresbury Laboratory

Magnetic Properties Of Gd Intermetallics, L. Petit, Z. Szotek, J. Jackson, M. Lüders, Durga Paudyal, Yaroslav Mudryk, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, K. A. Gschneidner, J. B. Staunton

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Using first-principles calculations, based on disordered local moment theory, combined with the self-interaction corrected local spin density approximation, we study magnetic interactions in GdX intermetallics for X = Cu, Zn, Ga, Cd, and Mg. Our predicted magnetic orders and ordering temperatures both at zero and other pressures agree well with experiments including the large increase in the Curie temperature of GdCd under pressure that is shown by our own experimental measurements. From our results it emerges that the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interaction on its own can not explain the observed behaviour under pressure, and that the magnetic ordering mechanism is strongly influenced by ...


Prediction Of Novel Stable Fe-V-Si Ternary Phase, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Chong Chen, Xin Zhao, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho 2018 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Prediction Of Novel Stable Fe-V-Si Ternary Phase, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Chong Chen, Xin Zhao, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Genetic algorithm searches based on a cluster expansion model are performed to search for stable phases of Fe-V-Si ternary. We identify a new thermodynamically, dynamically and mechanically stable ternary phase of Fe5V2Si with 2 formula units in a tetragonal unit cell. The formation energy of this new ternary phase is −36.9 meV/atom below the current ternary convex hull. The magnetic moment of Fe in the new structure varies from −0.30–2.52 μB depending strongly on the number of Fe nearest neighbors. The total magnetic moment is 10.44 μB/unit cell for new Fe5V2Si structure and ...


Quantum Tricritical Point In The Temperature-Pressure-Magnetic Field Phase Diagram Of Cetige3, Udhara S. Kaluarachchi, Valentin Taufor, Sergey Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield 2018 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Quantum Tricritical Point In The Temperature-Pressure-Magnetic Field Phase Diagram Of Cetige3, Udhara S. Kaluarachchi, Valentin Taufor, Sergey Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We report the temperature-pressure-magnetic-field phase diagram of the ferromagnetic Kondo-lattice CeTiGe 3 determined by means of electrical resistivity measurements. Measurements up to ∼ 5.8 GPa reveal a rich phase diagram with multiple phase transitions. At ambient pressure, CeTiGe 3 orders ferromagnetically at T C = 14 K. Application of pressure suppresses T C , but a pressure-induced ferromagnetic quantum criticality is avoided by the appearance of two new successive transitions for p > 4.1 GPa that are probably antiferromagnetic in nature. These two transitions are suppressed under pressure, with the lower-temperature phase being fully suppressed above 5.3 GPa. The critical pressures ...


Effects Of Microstructure And Crystallography On Mechanical Properties Of Cold-Rolled Sae1078 Pearlitic Steel, Y. Liu, C. D. Yang, M. Liu, C. H. Wang, Y. C. Dai, X. Li, Alan M. Russell, C. X. Zhang, Z. H. Zhang, G. H. Cao 2018 Shanghai University

Effects Of Microstructure And Crystallography On Mechanical Properties Of Cold-Rolled Sae1078 Pearlitic Steel, Y. Liu, C. D. Yang, M. Liu, C. H. Wang, Y. C. Dai, X. Li, Alan M. Russell, C. X. Zhang, Z. H. Zhang, G. H. Cao

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The evolution of the microstructure and crystallography in SAE1078 pearlitic steel sheets under different cold-rolling reductions of up to 90% were quantified using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The mechanical properties were determined by tensile testing at room temperature. TEM analysis showed that the pearlite structure was obviously refined with the interlamellar spacing decreasing to about 57 nm at the rolling reduction of 90%. EBSD investigations indicated that the ferrite exhibited a {001}texture in the 90% cold-rolled pearlitic steel. The dislocations were mainly concentrated during cold rolling between the 10% and 70 ...


Measurement Of Planar Fault Probabilities In Austempered Ductile Iron And 304l Stainless Steel, Nathan Peterson 2018 Michigan Technological University

Measurement Of Planar Fault Probabilities In Austempered Ductile Iron And 304l Stainless Steel, Nathan Peterson

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

During plastic deformation both stacking and twin faults can be generated in face-centered cubic materials, including iron-based metals that contain thermally stable austenite. These planar faults are a critical component of the austenite to martensite transformation, forming shear bands that can act as nucleation sites. The measurement of these faults via x-ray diffraction has been long established, however it has not been applied widely to austempered ductile irons. The ability to measure these faulting probabilities could give insights into the transformation as a function of deformation. In this work both planar fault densities were measured in austempered ductile iron to ...


A Microstructure-Based Model Validated Experimentally For Quantification Of Short Fatigue Crack Growth In Three-Dimensions, Pei Cai 2018 University of Kentucky

A Microstructure-Based Model Validated Experimentally For Quantification Of Short Fatigue Crack Growth In Three-Dimensions, Pei Cai

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Built on the recent successes in understanding the crystallographic mechanism for short fatigue crack (SFC) growth across a grain boundary (GB) and developing an experimental method to quantify the GB resistance against short crack growth, a microstructure-based model was developed in this study to simulate the growth behaviors of SFCs in 3-D, by taking into account both the driving force and resistance along at each point along the crack front in an alloy. It was found that the GB resistance was a Weibull function of the minimum twist angle of crack deflection at the boundary in AA2024-T3 Al alloys. In ...


Effects And Limitations Of Residual Alloying Elements In Silicon Solid Solution Strengthened Ferritic Ductile Iron, Julia Scruton 2018 Michigan Technological University

Effects And Limitations Of Residual Alloying Elements In Silicon Solid Solution Strengthened Ferritic Ductile Iron, Julia Scruton

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Transitioning from traditional grades of ductile iron to solution strengthened ferritic ductile iron (SSFDI) grades can be difficult because of the need to reduce the amount of pearlite promoting elements, particularly copper and manganese, which are used in traditional grades. Knowing the acceptable threshold of residual alloying elements will allow for more cost-effective tailoring of the charge stream. Data were generated from a series of casting trials with the target grade of EN-GJS-500-14 where the levels of copper and manganese were varied from 0.05% to 0.3% and 0.15% to 0.4% respectively while maintaining silicon in the ...


Grain Refinement Of High Alloy Stainless Steels In Sand And Directionally Solidified Castings, Dustin Alan Arvola 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Grain Refinement Of High Alloy Stainless Steels In Sand And Directionally Solidified Castings, Dustin Alan Arvola

Masters Theses

"The goal of this research project is to develop an industrially viable melting process that will control the crystallization macrostructure of austenitic grades of cast steels. Titanium nitride (TiN) has proven to be an effective grain refiner of austenite. Theoretical simulation and experimental application has led to the development of a repeatable grain refining melt process for austenitic stainless steel alloys.

Grain refinement of the as-cast structure of Cr-Ni stainless steel alloys solidified with primary FCC, BCC and dual FCC/BCC phases was studied experimentally. Refinement was achieved in both cast ferritic and austenitic grades. Dual solidification of FCC/BCC ...


Design Of Shape-Conforming Nosecone For Optimal Fluid Flow From Transonic To Supersonic Range, Anna Tombazzi 2018 The University of Akron

Design Of Shape-Conforming Nosecone For Optimal Fluid Flow From Transonic To Supersonic Range, Anna Tombazzi

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Modern flight vehicles, such as rockets, missiles, and airplanes, experience a force caused by forebody wave drag during the flight. This drag force is induced when the frontal point of each vehicle breaks the pressure wave during flight. Efforts to reduce this wave drag force to improve flight efficiency include modifying the nosecone profile of the flight vehicles to lower the drag force.

This project revolved around creating a design to make the transformation of nosecone shapes from a ¾ Parabolic profile to a ½ Power Series profile possible, mid-flight. Using a novel nosecone assembly, shape memory alloys (SMAs) and ...


Interfacial Corrosion Of Copper And The Formation Of Copper Hydroxychloride, Mary Teague, Shengxi Li, Hongbo Cong 2018 The University of Akron

Interfacial Corrosion Of Copper And The Formation Of Copper Hydroxychloride, Mary Teague, Shengxi Li, Hongbo Cong

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Electrical circuitry is an industry, among many others, heavily using the element of copper. Ensuring the mechanical integrity of Cu is crucial, especially in salt environments, for the multifaceted composition of circuits. 4N NaCl solution (equilibrium concentration in ~84% RH) simulated this three-phase system. Rectangular Cu samples were partially immersed in both ambient and continuous lab air sparging atmospheres to understand waterline corrosion of the metal. Open circuit potentials (OCP) were continuously taken during the immersion testing for a maximum of 5 days. A scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS), Raman spectroscopy, and 3-D ...


Chemistry, Design, And Processing Of Two-Stage Trip Steel, Daniel M. Field 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Chemistry, Design, And Processing Of Two-Stage Trip Steel, Daniel M. Field

Doctoral Dissertations

"A regular solution model was developed to calculate the chemical driving force for α-martensite formation, ΔGλ→ αChem. A model for the strain energy, ΔGλ→αstr, was formulated utilizing the Young’s modulus (E), lattice misfit squared (δ²), and molar volume (Ω) which opposed the chemical driving force for α-martensite formation. The MαS was determined at a temperature at which ΔGλ→αChem + ΔGλ→αstr = 0. In conjunction with a previously developed ε-martensite model, a means of predicting the volume fraction of λ-austenite was determined; and it was shown that for values ...


Bismuth Ferrite-Based Lead-Free Ceramics And Multilayers With High Recoverable Energy Density, Dawei Wang, Zhongming Fan, Di Zhou, Amir Khesro, Shunsuke Murakami, Antonio Feteira, Quanliang Zhao, Xiaoli Tan, Ian M. Reaney 2018 University of Sheffield

Bismuth Ferrite-Based Lead-Free Ceramics And Multilayers With High Recoverable Energy Density, Dawei Wang, Zhongming Fan, Di Zhou, Amir Khesro, Shunsuke Murakami, Antonio Feteira, Quanliang Zhao, Xiaoli Tan, Ian M. Reaney

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Lead-free ceramics with high recoverable energy density (Wrec) and energy storage efficiency (η) are attractive for advanced pulsed power capacitors to enable greater miniaturization and integration. In this work, dense bismuth ferrite (BF)-based, lead-free 0.75(Bi1−xNdx)FeO3-0.25BaTiO3 (BNxF-BT) ceramics and multilayers were fabricated. A transition from a mixed pseudocubic and R3c to a purely pseudocubic structure was observed as x increased with the optimum properties obtained for mixed compositions. The highest energy densities, W ∼ 4.1 J cm−3 and Wrec ∼ 1.82 J cm−3, were achieved for BN15F-BT, due to the enhanced breakdown field ...


Twinning-Induced Pseudoelastic Behavior In (Mow)85(Tati)7.5zr7.5, Aayush Sharma, Valery I. Levitas, Prashant Signh, Anup Basak, Ganesh Balasubramanian, Duane D. Johnson 2018 Iowa State University

Twinning-Induced Pseudoelastic Behavior In (Mow)85(Tati)7.5zr7.5, Aayush Sharma, Valery I. Levitas, Prashant Signh, Anup Basak, Ganesh Balasubramanian, Duane D. Johnson

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

We provide a critical atomistic evidence of pseudoelastic behavior in complex solid-solution BCC Mo-W-Ta-Ti-Zr alloy. Prior to this work, only limited single-crystal BCC solids of pure metals and quaternary alloys have shown pseudoelastic behavior at low temperatures and high strain rates. The deformation mechanisms investigated using classical molecular simulations under tensile-compressive loading reveal temperature-dependent pseudoelastic behavior aided by twinning during the loading-unloading cycle. The pseudoelasticity is found to be independent of loading directions with identical cyclic deformation characteristics during uniaxial loading. Additionally, temperature variation from 77 to 1500 K enhances the elastic strain recovery in the alloy.


Optimal Sample Formulations For Dnp Sens: The Importance Of Radical-Surface Interactions, Frederic A. Perras, Linlin Wang, J. Sebastian Manzano, Umesh Chaudhary, Naftali N. Opembe, Duane D. Johnson, Igor I. Slowing, Marek Pruski 2018 Ames Laboratory

Optimal Sample Formulations For Dnp Sens: The Importance Of Radical-Surface Interactions, Frederic A. Perras, Linlin Wang, J. Sebastian Manzano, Umesh Chaudhary, Naftali N. Opembe, Duane D. Johnson, Igor I. Slowing, Marek Pruski

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The efficacy of dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) surface-enhanced NMR spectroscopy (SENS) is reviewed for alumina, silica, and ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) materials, with vastly different surface areas, as a function of the biradical concentration. Importantly, our studies show that the use of a “one-size-fits-all” biradical concentration should be avoided when performing DNP SENS experiments and instead an optimal concentration should be selected as appropriate for the type of material studied as well as its surface area. In general, materials with greater surface areas require higher radical concentrations for best possible DNP performance. This result is explained with the use of ...


Magnetostrictive Performance Of Additively Manufactured Cofe Rods Using The Lens(Tm) System, Nicholas J. Jones, Jin-Hyeong Yoo, Ryan T. Ott, Paul K. Lambert, Gabriela Petculescu, Emrah Simsek, Deborah Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso 2018 Naval Surface Warfare Center

Magnetostrictive Performance Of Additively Manufactured Cofe Rods Using The Lens(Tm) System, Nicholas J. Jones, Jin-Hyeong Yoo, Ryan T. Ott, Paul K. Lambert, Gabriela Petculescu, Emrah Simsek, Deborah Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Magnetostrictive materials exhibit a strain in the presence of a variable magnetic field. While they normally require large, highly oriented crystallographic grains for high strain values, metal additive manufacturing (3D printing) may be able to produce highly textured polycrystalline rods, with properties comparable to those manufactured using the more demanding free standing zone melting (FSZM) technique. Rods of Co75.8Fe24.2 and Co63.7Fe36.3 have been fabricated using the Laser engineered net shaping (LENSTM) system to evaluate the performance of additively manufactured magnetic and magnetostrictive materials. The 76% Co sample showed an average magnetostriction (λ) of 86 ppm at ...


Novel Mechanisms For Solid-State Processing And Grain Growth With Microstructure Alignment In Alnico-8 Based Permanent Magnets, Aaron G. Kassen, Emma M. H. White, Liangfa Hu, Wei Tang, Lin Zhou, Matthew J. Kramer, Iver E. Anderson 2018 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Novel Mechanisms For Solid-State Processing And Grain Growth With Microstructure Alignment In Alnico-8 Based Permanent Magnets, Aaron G. Kassen, Emma M. H. White, Liangfa Hu, Wei Tang, Lin Zhou, Matthew J. Kramer, Iver E. Anderson

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

An estimated 750,000 new hybrid electric and plug-in battery vehicles, most with permanent magnet synchronous alternating current (PMAC) drive motors, took to the road in 2016 alone. Accompanied by 40% year over year growth in the EV market significant challenges exist in producing large quantities of permanent magnets (on the order of tens of millions) for reliable, low-cost traction motors [IE Agency, Energy Technology Perspectives (2017)]. Since the rare earth permanent magnet (REPM) market is essentially 100% net import reliant in the United States and has proven to have an unstable cost and supply structure in recent years, a ...


Nodeless Superconductivity In Type-Ii Dirac Semimetal Pdte2: Low-Temperature London Penetration Depth And Symmetry Analysis, Seram Teknowijoyo, Na Hyun Jo, Mathias S. Scheurer, Makariy A. Tanatar, Kyuil Cho, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Peter Orth, Paul C. Canfield, Ruslan Prozorov 2018 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Nodeless Superconductivity In Type-Ii Dirac Semimetal Pdte2: Low-Temperature London Penetration Depth And Symmetry Analysis, Seram Teknowijoyo, Na Hyun Jo, Mathias S. Scheurer, Makariy A. Tanatar, Kyuil Cho, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Peter Orth, Paul C. Canfield, Ruslan Prozorov

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Superconducting gap structure was probed in type-II Dirac semimetal PdTe2 by measuring the London penetration depth using tunnel diode resonator technique. At low temperatures, the data for two samples are well described by weak coupling exponential fit yielding λ(T=0)=230~nm as the only fit parameter at a fixed Δ(0)/Tc≈1.76, and the calculated superfluid density is consistent with a fully gapped superconducting state characterized by a single gap scale. Electrical resistivity measurements for in-plane and inter-plane current directions find very low and nearly temperature-independent normal- state anisotropy. The temperature dependence of resistivity is typical ...


Magnetic Properties Of Single Crystalline Itinerant Ferromagnet Alfe2b2, Tey Lamichhane, Li Xiang, Qisheng Lin, Tribhuwan Pandey, David S. Parker, Tae-Hoon Kim, Lin Zhou, Matthew J. Kramer, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield 2018 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Magnetic Properties Of Single Crystalline Itinerant Ferromagnet Alfe2b2, Tey Lamichhane, Li Xiang, Qisheng Lin, Tribhuwan Pandey, David S. Parker, Tae-Hoon Kim, Lin Zhou, Matthew J. Kramer, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Publications

No abstract provided.


Combinatorial Screening Approach In Developing Non-Equiatomic High Entropy Alloys, Azin Akbari 2018 University of Kentucky

Combinatorial Screening Approach In Developing Non-Equiatomic High Entropy Alloys, Azin Akbari

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

High entropy alloys (HEA) are a relatively new group of alloys first introduced in 2004. They usually contain 5 to 6 different principle elements. Each of these elements comprise 5-35 at. % of the chemical composition of the alloy. There is a growing interest in the research community about the development of these alloys as well as their engineering applications. Some HEAs have interesting properties that have made them well suited for higher temperature applications, particularly refractory uses, while some have been shown to maintain their mechanical properties even at cryogenic temperatures.

Initially, the HEA research was focused on developing alloys ...


The Formation Mechanism Of Α-Phase Dispersoids And Quantification Of Fatigue Crack Initiation By Experiments And Theoretical Modeling In Modified Aa6061 (Al-Mg-Si-Cu) Alloys, Gongwang Zhang 2018 University of Kentucky

The Formation Mechanism Of Α-Phase Dispersoids And Quantification Of Fatigue Crack Initiation By Experiments And Theoretical Modeling In Modified Aa6061 (Al-Mg-Si-Cu) Alloys, Gongwang Zhang

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

AA6061 Al alloys modified with addition of Mn, Cr and Cu were homogenized at temperatures between 350 ºC and 550 ºC after casting. STEM experiments revealed that the formation of α-Al(MnFeCr)Si dispersoids during homogenization were strongly affected by various factors such as heating rate, concentration of Mn, low temperature pre-nucleation treatment and homogenization temperature. Through analysis of the STEM results using an image software Image-Pro, the size distributions and number densities of the dispersoids formed during different annealing treatments were quantitatively measured. It was revealed that increasing the heating rate or homogenization temperature led to a ...


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