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Earthquake Hazard Assessment Along Designated Emergency Vehicle Priority Access Routes, Neil Lennart Anderson, Hal Baker, Genda Chen, Tom Hertell, David J. Hoffman, Ronaldo Luna, Yulman Munaf, Shamsher Prakash, Paul Michael Santi, Richard Wesley Stephenson 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Earthquake Hazard Assessment Along Designated Emergency Vehicle Priority Access Routes, Neil Lennart Anderson, Hal Baker, Genda Chen, Tom Hertell, David J. Hoffman, Ronaldo Luna, Yulman Munaf, Shamsher Prakash, Paul Michael Santi, Richard Wesley Stephenson

Genda Chen

Because of the compelling need to reopen vehicular access routes to Sikeston, Cape Girardeau and St. Louis following a devastating earthquake, Missouri Department of Transportation initiated a study of those portions of US 60 and MO 100 that have been officially designated as emergency vehicle priority access routes. The primary objectives of this study were twofold. Objective 1 was to establish a current subsurface and earthquake design geographic information systems (GIS) database for areas in proximity to designated portions of US 60 and MO 100 (includes counties of Butler, Stoddard, New Madrid, Franklin and St. Louis). Objective 2 was to ...


Destructive And Non-Destructive Testing Of Bridge J857 Phelps County, Missouri : Strengthening And Testing To Failure Of Bridge Piers, Tarek Alkhrdaji, Antonio Nanni, Genda Chen 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Destructive And Non-Destructive Testing Of Bridge J857 Phelps County, Missouri : Strengthening And Testing To Failure Of Bridge Piers, Tarek Alkhrdaji, Antonio Nanni, Genda Chen

Genda Chen

Many of the existing reinforced concrete (RC) bridge piers constructed in the first half of this century were designed as gravity piers with minimal flexural reinforcement and no consideration to seismically induced lateral forces. When considered in earlier designs, the seismic lateral forces were typically low. The potential risk of failure of columns on these piers under a moderate earthquake is becoming a growing concern for the transportation management agencies. In addition, flexural strength deficiency in RC columns may arise from the loss of reinforcement due to corrosion, premature termination of the main reinforcement, or inadequate splicing. One method for ...


Development Of Bridge Girder Movement Criteria For Accelerated Bridge Construction, Genda Chen, Yi Bao 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Development Of Bridge Girder Movement Criteria For Accelerated Bridge Construction, Genda Chen, Yi Bao

Genda Chen

End diaphragms connect multiple girders to form a bridge superstructure system for effective resistance to earthquake loads. Concrete girder bridges that include end diaphragms consistently proved to perform well during previous earthquake events. However, whether concrete bridges without end diaphragms are definitively inadequate in seismic performance is yet to be answered. The 2010 Chile Earthquake indicated that properly designed bridge girders and their lateral movement stoppers (shear keys) may perform equally well with those with end diaphragms. In this report, a feasibility study on the design of girder bridges without end diaphragms is presented. This study is particularly significant in ...


Destructive And Non-Destructive Testing Of Bridge J857 Phelps County, Missouri : Feasibility Study On Damage Detection Of Rc Structures Using Dynamic Signature Tests, Genda Chen, Xinbao Yang, Huimin Mu, Antonio Nanni 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Destructive And Non-Destructive Testing Of Bridge J857 Phelps County, Missouri : Feasibility Study On Damage Detection Of Rc Structures Using Dynamic Signature Tests, Genda Chen, Xinbao Yang, Huimin Mu, Antonio Nanni

Genda Chen

This report presents the results of a research program aimed at investigating the constructability and effectiveness of externally bonded FRP strengthening systems for improving the flexural capacity of bridge decks and piers. The joint effort of two universities, industry, and a state DOT provided the premise for a successful outcome. Bridge J857 was constructed in 1932 and was scheduled for demolition in the fall of 1998 due to highway realignment. Two of the three solid reinforced concrete (RC) decks were strengthened using two FRP systems namely, near-surface mounted carbon FRP (CFRP) rods and surface bonded CFRP sheets. Bridge decks were ...


Design, Construction And Load Testing Of The Bridge On Arnault Branch, Washington County, Missouri Using Innovative Technologies, Dongming Yan, Genda Chen, Nestore Galati, Sahra Sedigh 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Design, Construction And Load Testing Of The Bridge On Arnault Branch, Washington County, Missouri Using Innovative Technologies, Dongming Yan, Genda Chen, Nestore Galati, Sahra Sedigh

Genda Chen

The superstructure and instrumentation designs of a three-span bridge are presented in this report. The three spans include a precast box-girder bridge, a precast deck on steel girder and a precast deck on concrete girder. They were designed to compare the performance of various bridge decks reinforced with fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) through field instrumentations. A wireless monitoring system was designed to facilitate the collection of field data after the completion of bridge construction. The collected data will allow the study of FRP bars and stay-in-place FRP grid systems.


Destructive And Non-Destructive Testing Of Bridge J857 Phelps County, Missouri : Strengthening And Testing To Failure Of Bridge Decks, Tarek Alkhrdaji, Antonio Nanni, Genda Chen, Michael G. Barker 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Destructive And Non-Destructive Testing Of Bridge J857 Phelps County, Missouri : Strengthening And Testing To Failure Of Bridge Decks, Tarek Alkhrdaji, Antonio Nanni, Genda Chen, Michael G. Barker

Genda Chen

Concrete bridges are conventionally reinforced with steel bars and/or prestressed with steel tendons. When subjected to aggressive environments, corrosion of the reinforcing and prestressing steel occurs and eventually leads to premature structural deterioration and loss of serviceability. In addition, the increasing service loads as well as seismic upgrade requirements result in a need to strengthen many of these bridges. The use of externally bonded steel plates for flexural and shear strengthening of concrete members is well established. However, corrosion related problems have limited the use of this technique for outdoor application. Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are corrosion resistant ...


Design, Construction And Load Testing Of The Pat Daly Road Bridge In Washington County, Mo, With Internal Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymers Reinforcement, Zhibin Lin, Mostafa Fakharifar, Chenglin Bob Wu, Genda Chen, Wesley James Bevans, Arun Vijay Kumar Gunasekaran, Sahra Sedigh 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Design, Construction And Load Testing Of The Pat Daly Road Bridge In Washington County, Mo, With Internal Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymers Reinforcement, Zhibin Lin, Mostafa Fakharifar, Chenglin Bob Wu, Genda Chen, Wesley James Bevans, Arun Vijay Kumar Gunasekaran, Sahra Sedigh

Genda Chen

The overarching goal of this project is to deploy and assess an innovative corrosion-free bridge construction technology for long-term performance of new and existing bridges. The research objective of this project is to conduct a comprehensive study (instrumentation, construction, both laboratory and field evaluation) of a rapidly constructed and durable, three-span bridge with cast-in-place cladding steel reinforced concrete substructure and precast concrete decks/girders reinforced with glass fiber reinforced polymers (GFRP). The bridge has one conventional concrete-girder span, one conventional steel-girder span, and one innovative concrete box-girder span. The conventional concrete and steel girders were used to demonstrate the effective ...


Corrosion-Resistant Glasses For Steel Enamels -- Patent 8,679,389b2, Richard K. Brow, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Michael L. Koenigstein, Genda Chen 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Corrosion-Resistant Glasses For Steel Enamels -- Patent 8,679,389b2, Richard K. Brow, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Michael L. Koenigstein, Genda Chen

Genda Chen

A cementitious composite material wherein glass-coated steel rods are positioned in a cementitious matrix. The glass composition for coating the steel reinforcing rods includes between about 33-45 weight percent SiO2, 13.5-19.5 weight percent B2O3, 3.5-4.6 weight percent Al2O3, 4.0-13.5 weight percent K2O, 5.5-15.5 weight percent ZrO2, 8.6-15.9 weight percent Na2O, 4.6-5.1 weight percent CaO, 0.6-0.7 weight percent MnO2, 1.0-1.0 weight percent NiO, and 1.0-1.1 weight percent CoO. The glass ...


Crack Detectability And Durability Of Coaxial Cable Sensors In Reinforced Concrete Bridge Applications, Genda Chen, Ryan D. McDaniel, Michael A. Brower, David Pommerenke 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Crack Detectability And Durability Of Coaxial Cable Sensors In Reinforced Concrete Bridge Applications, Genda Chen, Ryan D. Mcdaniel, Michael A. Brower, David Pommerenke

Genda Chen

The working mechanism and the measurement principle of topology-based crack sensors made of coaxial cables are briefly reviewed. The sensitivity, spatial resolution, and ruggedness of two coaxial cable sensors, respectively made of rubber and Teflon dielectric materials, were compared and validated with laboratory testing of a 4/5-scale, T-shaped, reinforced concrete beam-column specimen. Two Teflon sensors were installed on one of the solid decks of a three-span continuous highway bridge to investigate their durability and measurement repeatability. Laboratory tests indicated that both types of sensors have high sensitivity, but the Teflon sensor has a higher spatial resolution and a negligible ...


Corrosion-Resistant Glasses For Steel Enamels -- Patent 7,901,769b2, Richard K. Brow, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Michael L. Koenigstein, Genda Chen 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Corrosion-Resistant Glasses For Steel Enamels -- Patent 7,901,769b2, Richard K. Brow, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Michael L. Koenigstein, Genda Chen

Genda Chen

A cementitious composite material wherein glass-coated steel rods are positioned in a cementitious matrix. The glass composition for coating the steel reinforcing rods includes between about 33-45 weight percent SiO2, 13.5-19.5 weight percent B2O3, 3.5-4.6 weight percent Al2O3, 4.0-13.5 weight percent K2O, 5.5-15.5 weight percent ZrO2, 8.6-15.9 weight percent Na2O, 4.6-5.1 weight percent CaO, 0.6-0.7 weight percent MnO2, 1.0-1.0 weight percent NiO, and 1.0-1.1 weight percent CoO. The glass ...


Concrete Surface With Nano-Particle Additives For Improved Wearing Resistance To Increase Truck Traffic, Genda Chen, Dongming Yan, Chenglin Bob Wu, Zhibin Lin, Nicholas Leventis, Shruti Mahadik-Khanolkar 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Concrete Surface With Nano-Particle Additives For Improved Wearing Resistance To Increase Truck Traffic, Genda Chen, Dongming Yan, Chenglin Bob Wu, Zhibin Lin, Nicholas Leventis, Shruti Mahadik-Khanolkar

Genda Chen

This study focused on the use of nanotechnology in concrete to improve the wearing resistance of concrete. The nano materials used were polymer cross-linked aerogels, carbon nanotubes, and nano-SiO2, nano-CaCO3, and nano-Al2O3 particles. As an indirect measurement of the concrete wearing resistance, the tensile and compressive properties and the permeability of concrete were evaluated for various mix designs. The optimal amount of nano material additives were determined following the American Society of Testing Methods (ASTM) standard test methodologies. The test results from the materials were compared for their mechanical behaviors. This type of technology may ...


China Earthquake Reconnaissance Report: Performance Of Transportation Structures During The May 12, 2008, M7.9 Wenchuan Earthquake, Wen-Huei Phillip Yen, Genda Chen, Mark Yashinski, Youssef M.A. Hashash, Curtis J. Holub, Kehai Wang, Xiaodong Guo 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

China Earthquake Reconnaissance Report: Performance Of Transportation Structures During The May 12, 2008, M7.9 Wenchuan Earthquake, Wen-Huei Phillip Yen, Genda Chen, Mark Yashinski, Youssef M.A. Hashash, Curtis J. Holub, Kehai Wang, Xiaodong Guo

Genda Chen

This report documents the lessons learned from damage caused in the May 12, 2008, M7.9 earthquake in Wenchuan County, China. The damage to the 14 observed bridges reminded the researchers of damage suffered during the 1971 San Fernando Earthquake in California. The bridges had few seismic details such as long seats, large shear keys, or tightly spaced transverse reinforcement. Most arch and girder bridges collapsed due to surface rupturing of the seismic faults in the Longmen-Shan thrust zone. A significant portion of roadways and bridges were pushed away or buried by landslides in the steep slopes of mountainous terrain ...


Coated Steel Rebar For Enhanced Concrete-Steel Bond Strength And Corrosion Resistance, Genda Chen, Jeffery S. Volz, Richard K. Brow, Dongming Yan, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Chenglin Bob Wu, Fujian Tang, Charles R. Werner, Xing Tao 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Coated Steel Rebar For Enhanced Concrete-Steel Bond Strength And Corrosion Resistance, Genda Chen, Jeffery S. Volz, Richard K. Brow, Dongming Yan, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Chenglin Bob Wu, Fujian Tang, Charles R. Werner, Xing Tao

Genda Chen

This report summarizes the findings and recommendations on the use of enamel coating in reinforced concrete structures both for bond strength and corrosion resistance of steel rebar. Extensive laboratory tests were conducted to characterize the properties of one- and two-layer enamel coatings. Pseudostatic tests were performed with pullout, beam and column specimens to characterize mechanical properties and develop design equations for the development length of steel rebar in lap splice and anchorage areas. The splice length equation was validated with the testing of large-scale columns under cyclic loading. For corrosion properties, ponding, salt spray, accelerated corrosion, potentiodynamic and electrochemical impedance ...


Coaxial Cable Sensors And Sensing Instrument For Crack Detection In Bridge Structures -- Phase I: Field Qualification/Validation Planning, Genda Chen, Fujian Tang, Zhi Zhou 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Coaxial Cable Sensors And Sensing Instrument For Crack Detection In Bridge Structures -- Phase I: Field Qualification/Validation Planning, Genda Chen, Fujian Tang, Zhi Zhou

Genda Chen

The objectives of this study are to pre-test analyze a decommissioned RC bridge that is selected in consultation with New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT), and design and plan the field tests of the bridge for the performance qualification and validation of distributed crack sensors and a fast Electrical Time Domain Reflectometry (ETDR) instrument to their full potential. The scope of work includes: (a) Selection of a decommissioned bridge, (b) Pre-test analysis of the select bridge structure to evaluate its progressive damage and determine the locations for sensor deployment, (c) Design and planning of field tests of the select ...


Calibration Of Load And Resistance Factors In Lrfd Foundation Design Specifications, Zuocai Wang, Genda Chen, Oh-Sung Kwon, Sarah Orton 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Calibration Of Load And Resistance Factors In Lrfd Foundation Design Specifications, Zuocai Wang, Genda Chen, Oh-Sung Kwon, Sarah Orton

Genda Chen

This report summarizes the findings and recommendations on the impact of foundation settlements on the reliability of bridge superstructures. As a collaborative effort of an overall initiative for the development of LRFD foundation design specifications, this study is focused on the investigatio of pros and cons for including foundation settlements in bridge designs under gravity loads. Settlement was modeled both probabilistically and deterministically. In the case of a random settlement variable, a lognormal distribution was used in reliability analysis with a fixed coefficient of variation of 0.25. Dead and live loads were modeled as random variables with normal and ...


An Energy Approach To Seismic Analysis And Design Of Secondary System, Genda Chen, Tsuteh Soong 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

An Energy Approach To Seismic Analysis And Design Of Secondary System, Genda Chen, Tsuteh Soong

Genda Chen

The dynamic analysis and design of secondary systems have been extensively studied over the last two decades, resulting in a better understanding of their general dynamic characteristics. One of the current challenges for researchers is to develop simple yet accurate procedures incorporating these research results and transfer them into the development of practical design and performance evaluation procedures. This is the basic thrust of this report.

Statistical energy analysis has been proven to be a powerful tool in the dynamic analysis of complex systems involving interaction effect between acoustic field and structure. In this report, such a tool is systematically ...


Assessment Of The Bill Emerson Memorial Cable-Stayed Bridge Based On Seismic Instrumentation Data, Genda Chen, Dongming Yan, Wenjian Wang, Man Zheng, Louis Ge, Frank Liu 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Assessment Of The Bill Emerson Memorial Cable-Stayed Bridge Based On Seismic Instrumentation Data, Genda Chen, Dongming Yan, Wenjian Wang, Man Zheng, Louis Ge, Frank Liu

Genda Chen

In this study, both ambient and earthquake data measured from the Bill Emerson Memorial Cable-stayed Bridge are reported and analyzed. Based on the seismic instrumentation data, the vibration characteristics of the bridge are investigated and used to validate a three-dimensional Finite Element (3-D FE) model of the bridge structure. The 3-D model is rigorous and comprehensive, representing realistic dynamic behaviors of the bridge. It takes into account the geometric nonlinear properties caused by cable sagging and soil-foundation-structure interaction in the Illinois approach of the bridge. The FE model is successfully verified and validated by using the natural frequencies and mode ...


Behavior And Fatigue Properties Of Metallic Dampers For Seismic Retrofit Of Highway Bridges, Genda Chen, Stephen Eads 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Behavior And Fatigue Properties Of Metallic Dampers For Seismic Retrofit Of Highway Bridges, Genda Chen, Stephen Eads

Genda Chen

The objective of this study is to develop an economical solution with metallic dampers for the seismic retrofit of highway bridges in low occurrence seismic zones, such as in the Central and Eastern United States. Select low carbon steel rods were first tested for their ductile behavior and material strength. Large-scale, tapered rods were then tested for their energy dissipation capability and fatigue strength under regular, irregular, and earthquake loads. A full-scale damper made of five tapered rods was designed next for the seismic retrofit of a three-span continuous steel-girder bridge in southeast Missouri; its system performance including joints and ...


Assessment Of 1991 Nehrp Provisions For Nonstructural Components And Recommended Revisions, Tsuteh Soong, Genda Chen, Z. Wu, R. H. Zhang, M. Grigoriu 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Assessment Of 1991 Nehrp Provisions For Nonstructural Components And Recommended Revisions, Tsuteh Soong, Genda Chen, Z. Wu, R. H. Zhang, M. Grigoriu

Genda Chen

As one part of the 1994 update effort of the 1991 NEHRP provisions, the seismic design force formulas for nonstructural components as they exist in the 1991 provisions are critically assessed and some of their shortcomings are identified. Various levels of improvements to these formulas are then presented which, on the one hand, preserve the equivalent lateral force format for design applicability and, on the other, correct some of the deficiencies on the basis of analyses, experimental results and observation data from past earthquakes.

Based on different interpretations of the component seismic coefficients as well as different degrees of simplicity ...


Advancing Bridge Technology, Task 10: Statistical Analysis And Modeling Of Us Concrete Highway Bridge Deck Performance -- Internal Final Report, Omar Ghonima, Thomas Schumacher, Avinash Unnikrishnan, Adam Fleischhacker 2018 University of Delaware

Advancing Bridge Technology, Task 10: Statistical Analysis And Modeling Of Us Concrete Highway Bridge Deck Performance -- Internal Final Report, Omar Ghonima, Thomas Schumacher, Avinash Unnikrishnan, Adam Fleischhacker

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Concrete highway bridge deck repairs represent the highest expense associated with bridge maintenance cost. In order to optimize such activities and use the available monies effectively, a solid understanding of the parameters that affect the performance of concrete bridge decks is critical. The National Bridge Inventory (NBI), perhaps the single-most comprehensive source of bridge information, gathers data on more than 600,000 bridges in all fifty states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Focusing on concrete highway bridge deck performance, this research developed a nationwide database based on NBI data and other critical parameters that were ...


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