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Controller Platform Design And Demonstration For An Electric Aircraft Propulsion Driv, Rosten Sweeting 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Controller Platform Design And Demonstration For An Electric Aircraft Propulsion Driv, Rosten Sweeting

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the growth in the aerospace industry there has been a trend to optimize the performance of an aircraft by reducing fuel consumption and operational cost. Recent advancements in the field of power electronics have pushed towards the concepts of hybrid electric aircraft also known as more electrical aircrafts. In this work, a custom controller board for an electric aircraft propulsion drive was designed to drive a permanent magnet synchronous motor. Design of the controller board required knowledge of the topology selection and power module selections. Simulations of the system were performed using MATLAB/Simulink to analyze the overall performance of …


Aerodynamics And Vibrations Of A Helicopter Rotor Blade, Mohammad Khairul Habib Pulok 2022 University of New Orleans

Aerodynamics And Vibrations Of A Helicopter Rotor Blade, Mohammad Khairul Habib Pulok

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The nature of the aerodynamic environment surrounding a helicopter causes a significant amount of vibration to its whole body. Among different sources of vibrations, the aerodynamic loading on the main rotor blade is the major contributor. Therefore, analyzing a rotor blade's vibration characteristics and aerodynamic behavior becomes essential. The vortex characteristics and the wake surrounding a helicopter rotor blade play an important role because they affect the aerodynamic behavior of the rotor blade. An advanced mathematical and computational model of rotor wake and blade vortex gives a better understanding of the helicopter rotor dynamics. This study develops computational models of …


Studies Of Multiphase Distribution And Flow In Bubble/ Slurry Bubble Columns With /Without Internals And Advanced Sustainable Construction Materials Using Sophisticated Measurement Techniques, Omar Farid 2022 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Studies Of Multiphase Distribution And Flow In Bubble/ Slurry Bubble Columns With /Without Internals And Advanced Sustainable Construction Materials Using Sophisticated Measurement Techniques, Omar Farid

Doctoral Dissertations

"Bubble/slurry bubble columns have been widely studied and employed as multiphase flow reactors with and without vertical heat-exchanging tubes. In order to understand more deeply the effect of the dense internals on the hydrodynamics of bubble/slurry bubble column, systematic experiments were performed to visualize and quantify using the radioactive particle tracking (RPT) technique. A new methodology for implementing the radioactive particle tracking (RPT) technique has been developed to investigate the effect of the dense internals on the hydrodynamics of the bubble/slurry column reactor. Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) simulation has been implemented to simulate the system to generate a large number …


Upscaling And Development Of Linear Array Focused Laser Differential Interferometry For Simultaneous 1d Velocimetry And Spectral Profiling In High-Speed Flows, Kirk Davenport 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Upscaling And Development Of Linear Array Focused Laser Differential Interferometry For Simultaneous 1d Velocimetry And Spectral Profiling In High-Speed Flows, Kirk Davenport

Masters Theses

In this research a new configuration of linear array-focused laser differential interferometry (LA-FLDI) is described. This measurement expands on previous implementations of LA-FLDI through the use of an additional Wollaston prism. This additional prism expands the typical single LA-FLDI column into two columns of FLDI point pairs. The additional column of probed locations allows for increased spatial sampling of frequency spectra as well as the addition of simultaneous wall normal velocimetry measurements. The new configuration is used to measure the velocity profile and frequency content across a Mach 2 turbulent boundary layer at six wall normal locations simultaneously. Features of …


Analysis Of Turbulent Flow Behavior In Helicopter Rotor Hub Wakes, Forrest Mobley 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Analysis Of Turbulent Flow Behavior In Helicopter Rotor Hub Wakes, Forrest Mobley

Masters Theses

The rotor hub is one of the most important features of all helicopters, as it provides the pilot a means for controlling the vehicle by changing the characteristics of the main and tail rotors. The hub also provides a structural foundation for the rotors and allows for the rotor blades to respond to aerodynamic forces while maintaining controllability and stability. Due to the inherent geometry and high rate of rotation, the rotor hub in its current form acts a large bluff body and is the primary source of parasite drag on the helicopter, despite its relatively small size. The rotor …


Experimental Characterization Of Additively Manufactured Multi-Feather Wingtip Devices, Patricio Garzon 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Experimental Characterization Of Additively Manufactured Multi-Feather Wingtip Devices, Patricio Garzon

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

Soaring birds have evolved to fly for long periods of time without flapping their wings. Inspired by the flight of these birds, the proposed thesis presents an experimental investigation focused on wingtip devices designed based on biomimicry. The overarching engineering objective was to reduce the induced drag as a means to improve the fuel efficiency via these experimental wingtips. An associated secondary objective was to establish a method for manufacturing complex structures suitable for wing tunnel testing. A manufacturing technique that involved using composite weaves to reinforce additively manufactured structures was developed. This technique has the potential to reduce manufacturing …


Exploring Passive Flow Control Techniques Applied To A Supersonic Multistream Rectangular Nozzle, Emma Dawn Gist 2022 Syracuse University

Exploring Passive Flow Control Techniques Applied To A Supersonic Multistream Rectangular Nozzle, Emma Dawn Gist

Dissertations - ALL

Passive control techniques are applied experimentally to examine different aspects of a supersonic multistream rectangular nozzle representing a modern airframe-integrated variable cycle engine. The flow is comprised of a core stream (M = 1.6) and bypass (M = 1.0) that merge behind a splitter plate and exit through a Single Expansion Ramp Nozzle (SERN) onto an aft-deck. Previous efforts for the nominal nozzle configuration have shown that an instability initiated at the splitter plate trailing edge (SPTE) influences the effectiveness of the third stream as a barrier for the aft-deck and persists through the entire do- main due to its …


Sources Of Resonant Vortices In Aero-Acoustics Resonance From Tandem Flat Plates, Atef El Khatib, Ahmad Al Miaari, Ali Hammoud 2022 Engineer, Faculty of Engineering, Beirut Arab University

Sources Of Resonant Vortices In Aero-Acoustics Resonance From Tandem Flat Plates, Atef El Khatib, Ahmad Al Miaari, Ali Hammoud

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Aero-acoustic resonance in flows around flat plates is a major design concern in various practical applications, especially turbomachinery and heat exchangers, due to its significant effects on fatigue rates and radiated noises intensity. Although research has been intensive on the topic, there is still a lot to be understood for effective resonance prediction and control. Resonance in tandem plate systems is characterized by a double response. This study, investigates for the first time, the flow mechanisms responsible for the generation of low-velocity and high-velocity resonances of the double resonance response. Experimental testing and numerical simulation showed that low-velocity resonance vortices …


Structural Dynamics Of Awt-27 Wind Turbine Blade, Amr Ismaiel 2022 Future University in Egypt (FUE)

Structural Dynamics Of Awt-27 Wind Turbine Blade, Amr Ismaiel

Future Engineering Journal

Wind energy is one of the world’s current leading renewable energy resources. One of the major aspects of studying wind turbines is the structural dynamics for the turbine structure including blades and support structure. In the current work, the blades of the Advanced Wind Turbine (AWT-27) are investigated in a dynamic approach. Different wind fields have been generated for the study to provide different Design Load Conditions (DLCs). Three laminar wind velocities of 5 m/s, 12 m/s, and 17 m/s were simulated. Turbulent wind flow fields have also been generated at the three standard classes A, B and C of …


Experimental And Computational Investigation Of Divergent Thrust Losses In Rocket Nozzles, Vaibhav Arya Graduate Engineer, Anushka Sunil Kapse Post Graduate Student 2022 Sandip University, MH, INDIA

Experimental And Computational Investigation Of Divergent Thrust Losses In Rocket Nozzles, Vaibhav Arya Graduate Engineer, Anushka Sunil Kapse Post Graduate Student

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The nozzle is a critical component of any rocket engine because it transforms high pressure and high temperature (with sluggish net velocity) within the combustion chamber into high velocity but low pressure. Individually, the molecules in the mixed propellants have rapid velocity in the combustion chamber, but directions are randomly pointing in all directions. A convergent-divergent nozzle, also known as a CD nozzle, is fashioned like a tube with two bulging ends and a thin part in the center. This structure/design provides the nozzle with a balanced shape. By turning the flow's heat energy into kinetic energy, the nozzle accelerates …


Two Dimensional Cfd Analysis On Different Rocket Nozzles, Yogesh Bhawarker Mr., Digambar Daware Mr., Krishna Yadav, Vedant Akolkar, Pallavi Padalwar, Prakash Katdare 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, SOET, NASHIK, MH

Two Dimensional Cfd Analysis On Different Rocket Nozzles, Yogesh Bhawarker Mr., Digambar Daware Mr., Krishna Yadav, Vedant Akolkar, Pallavi Padalwar, Prakash Katdare

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The reduction of Earth-to-orbit launch costs in conjunction with an increase in launcher reliability and operational Efficiency is the key demands on future space transportation systems, like single-stage-to-orbit vehicles (SSTO). The realization of these vehicles strongly depends on the performance of the engines, which should deliver high performance with low system complexity. Performance data for rocket engines are practically always lower than the theoretically attainable values because of imperfections in the mixing, combustion, and expansion of the propellants. The main part of the project addresses different nozzle concepts with improvements in performance as compared to conventional nozzles achieved by Different …


Cfd Analysis Of Nozzle Flow With Sudden Expansion In Aerospace Engineering, Yogesh Bhawarker Mr., Ritik Patidar, Prakash Katdare 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, SOET, NASHIK, MH

Cfd Analysis Of Nozzle Flow With Sudden Expansion In Aerospace Engineering, Yogesh Bhawarker Mr., Ritik Patidar, Prakash Katdare

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

As the need for missiles and rockets has increased exponentially, the challenges associated with the gas dynamics of these vehicles continues to be a concern. The pressure in the downstream is sub atmospheric whenever there is a sudden expansion. This low pressure in the recirculation zone causes significant drag, accounting for almost two-thirds of the net drag of the aerospace vehicles. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to deliver a Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) analysis of the impact geometry and flow parameters have on the thrust force generated by the flow from convergent divergent nozzles to a suddenly expanded …


Hybrid Rocket Propulsion Development And Application, AKSHAY GHARAT Assistant Professor, VINAYAK HASTAK Graduate Engineer 2022 SOET, Sandip University, MH, INDIA

Hybrid Rocket Propulsion Development And Application, Akshay Gharat Assistant Professor, Vinayak Hastak Graduate Engineer

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

Satellite technology is advancing. Satellite propulsion requires several desired rocket properties. This is necessary for 1 kg of payload. Launch vehicles no longer need rocket engines. Application includes satellite movement, orbit transfer, and probe and lander propulsion. Space travel is inventive and exciting.

Research, production, and use costs must be decreased to make space transportation systems generally available. Security shouldn't be affected. Rocket propellants must be high-performing, non-toxic, and safe. Rocket engines have other parts. Restarting and throttling are crucial. These are inaccessible to solid rocket motors. Developing a liquid rocket engine is hard and expensive, but it can be …


Engine Performance On Atomization Of Fuel Injector: A Review, Ankit Patil Er., Akshay C. Bedke Er., Vedant A. Deshmukh Er., Pratiksha Y. Shevare Er. 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, SOET, Sandip University, Nashik, INDIA

Engine Performance On Atomization Of Fuel Injector: A Review, Ankit Patil Er., Akshay C. Bedke Er., Vedant A. Deshmukh Er., Pratiksha Y. Shevare Er.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The impact of the fuel injection of fuel atoms on engine performance has been investigated to improve fuel efficiency and waste disposal features. The fuel swirl method for injection atomization was evaluated both by the analysis of the fuel flow and the sample test. The goal of the paper is to establish good fuel atomization over the range of engine performance. As a result of our studies, it has been concluded that the desired atomization can be achieved when gasoline is thrown into a circular motion. Fuel spray and atomization features play an important role in the performance of internal …


A Critical Study On Missile And Missile Guidance, Jay Vavdiya Engineer, Vishal Kaushik Prof. 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, Nashik, Maharashtra

A Critical Study On Missile And Missile Guidance, Jay Vavdiya Engineer, Vishal Kaushik Prof.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

As a result of advancements in armament technology, traditional conceptions of battle are going through a profound transformation. The use of technology as a force multiplier is extremely prevalent in modern combat. In the modern battlefield, autonomous weapons are absolutely necessary. In this day and age, the presence of missiles is almost always indicative of a country's level of military power. The employment of guided weapons is an unavoidable need in the arsenals of modern militaries. The study will primarily concentrate on several types of weapons, ranging in range from extremely short to medium, long, and automated. This study analyses …


Film Cooling Method In Liquid Rocket Engine, Pradnya Cherkupalli Engineer Graduate, Juluru Sandeep Prof. 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, Nashik, Maharashtra, INDIA

Film Cooling Method In Liquid Rocket Engine, Pradnya Cherkupalli Engineer Graduate, Juluru Sandeep Prof.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

Design Criteria, Experimental Studies of Supersonic Shock Wave Interaction with Film Cooling, and High-Pressure Subscale Combustion Chamber of Film Cooling Liquid-Propellant Rocket Engines are all covered in this review study. Using earth-storable, space-storable, and cryogenic propellant combinations, the study establishes the applicability of film cooling to rocket engines in the high thrust range. The study's findings are given in this publication. Additionally, data from studies mixing different types of propellant were used to evaluate the analytical model's accuracy. Tests employing supersonic film cooling were done in the wind tunnel to investigate the impact of external shock waves on supersonic film …


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles An Overview And Applications, Ashish Rahuldeo Pande UG - student, Pranav Sanjay Nerkar UG-student, Bhushan Borse UG-Student, Kirubakaran V Engineer 2022 SOET, Sandip University

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles An Overview And Applications, Ashish Rahuldeo Pande Ug - Student, Pranav Sanjay Nerkar Ug-Student, Bhushan Borse Ug-Student, Kirubakaran V Engineer

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

A drone that is not manned Automated vehicles are rational admirers of the latest planes, and they're always looking for ways to improve. Wartime and re-exploration capabilities are the primary emphases of the current generation of UAVs, leaving the existing market impacted by UAV technology unaffected. UAV technology has a wide range of current uses, ranging from emergency response to media to agriculture to communications experts. However, the adaptable unmanned aerial vehicle is not yet available to the general public. As a result, a UAV that can carry a wide range of flexible tools should be light and lightweight. In …


Editorial, Shiva Prasad U Mr., M. Suresh Kumar Prof.(Dr.) 2022 Sr. Asst. Professor Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, SOET, NASHIK, MH

Editorial, Shiva Prasad U Mr., M. Suresh Kumar Prof.(Dr.)

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

This special edition is devoted to Rockets and Missile Technology, a developing sector that will likely increase significantly as rocket and missile design technology progress. Modern military arsenals must contain advanced guided-weapons technology. As the need for missile and rocket technology grows, they are employed in various applications. Technological advancements additionally highlight the system's capabilities, functions, and applications, improving its efficacy and use. When it comes to combat aircraft, the armaments that go with them decide the price. New technology and applications such as hypersonic weaponry, long-range rockets and missiles, and space-based military equipment produce market upheaval. Current rocket …


Carbon Nanotube-Based Microscale Capacitive Flow Sensors, Nathaniel Holmes 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Carbon Nanotube-Based Microscale Capacitive Flow Sensors, Nathaniel Holmes

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Micro-scale flow sensors present several advantages over traditional flow sensing
methods, including minimal flow disruption, high spatial resolution, and low unit
cost. Many existing micro-scale thermal and piezo flow sensors struggle with temperature drift and require complicated fabrication processes. This thesis details
the development of a 60 μm by 60 μm by 50 μm drag-based capacitive flow sensor
constructed from vertically aligned carbon nanotube forests. The construction
of a thermal chemical vapour deposition system for sensor synthesis is also de-
tailed. Manual manipulation of the sensor with an atomic force microscope probe
was found to produce a full scale signal …


A Three-Dimensional, Analytical Wind Turbine Wake Model: Flow Acceleration, Empirical Correlations, And Continuity, Zein Ahmad Sadek 2022 Portland State University

A Three-Dimensional, Analytical Wind Turbine Wake Model: Flow Acceleration, Empirical Correlations, And Continuity, Zein Ahmad Sadek

Dissertations and Theses

A new, three-dimensional, analytical, steady state wake model is presented which includes local flow acceleration near the rotor improving wake description compared to existing models. Wake structures such as the momentum deficit and regions of accelerated flow are concisely described with compound and normal Gaussian functions. Large-eddy simulations (LES) are used as training data to develop the model using two, inline turbines under various inflow conditions parameterized by hub height wind speed and turbulence intensity. Mass conservation is considered by fixing two components of the wake velocity model and optimizing the third to best satisfy continuity; after which, the model …


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