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The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer 2023 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer

International and Global Studies Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Kingdom of Eswatini, also known as Swaziland, has one of the youngest populations in the world with over 70% of citizens being under the age of 18 years old. This creates a substantial opportunity for economic, social, and educational growth in a country previously plagued with diseases such as HIV/AIDS, poor health care infrastructure cutting off thousands from basic care, and an educational system with a very low attendance rate and an even lower graduation rate. By evaluating the root causes of such issues dating back to the colonial era there is an opportunity to reprioritize health care ...


Essays On Federalism And Local Finance In China, Jiakai Zhang 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On Federalism And Local Finance In China, Jiakai Zhang

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation consists of three chapters that cover topics on federalism and local finance in China.

Chapter 1 - Economic Growth, Fiscal Inequality and Fiscal Decentralization: Evidence from China.

This paper investigates the impact of inequality in the geographic distribution of fiscal resources on regional economic growth under fiscal decentralization policy in the context of China's experience, using panel data for 28 provinces over the period 1987–2010. In the recent past, the structure of decentralized government in China has undergone two significant fiscal reforms: the ``Fiscal Responsibility System" (FRS) in 1987-1993, and the ``Tax Sharing System" (TSS) in 1994 ...


Essays On Inequality, Growth, And Economic Policy, Philipp E. Erfurth 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On Inequality, Growth, And Economic Policy, Philipp E. Erfurth

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation consists of three chapters that study inequality and regional economics in a historical and development context.

The first chapter examines regional inequality among Habsburg regions from the 19th century to today’s EU by using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software to recreate historical regions in present-day projections. The findings suggests that regional disparities are markedly higher today than in the 19th century, despite rapid convergence in the past two decades. The study thus provides evidence of retrospective determinism in the study of the Habsburg economy and suggests that, although regional EU policy has been successful over the past ...


How Do Ontario Cities View Environmental Sustainability?, Spencer Cook 2022 Western University

How Do Ontario Cities View Environmental Sustainability?, Spencer Cook

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Economic development has traditionally involved a trade-off between economic growth and the environmental quality. It is important to research how growth and development can be achieved in a way that preserves the natural environment. This research studies how cities in Ontario conceptualize sustainability, the challenges in its implementation, and examples of policies. Using a content analysis of economic development strategy documents of 48 Ontario cities, themes will emerge that can be used to draw conclusions about perceptions on sustainability in the province. The results of the content analysis show that sustainability is a low priority, with cities often referring to ...


A Psychological Profile Of The Digitized Economy: Who Buys Cryptocurrencies, Nfts, And Meme-Stocks (And Why)?, Nicole Wolfe 2022 Western University

A Psychological Profile Of The Digitized Economy: Who Buys Cryptocurrencies, Nfts, And Meme-Stocks (And Why)?, Nicole Wolfe

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

As the global digital economy continues to grow in interest and financial worth, it is imperative to harvest data to gain early information on this nuanced economy. Already, we have witnessed billions of dollars in losses and wins at the blink of an eye, encouragement to invest from well-known celebrities and politicians, and high anxiety from the newness, power consumption, and potential outcomes of this nuanced system. Stemming from the lack of solid evidence in this emerging field, we hope to gain more insight on the early players and variation within the digitized economy. Similarly, we hope to identify specific ...


Does Microcredit Reduce Poverty? An Empirical Exploration In India, Aneel Karnani, Seema Sahai 2022 University of Michigan

Does Microcredit Reduce Poverty? An Empirical Exploration In India, Aneel Karnani, Seema Sahai

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

Microcredit has grown dramatically over the last few decades and its supporters have made extravagant promises about its potential impact on reducing poverty. However, much recent research has shown that microcredit has no significant impact on reducing poverty. In this exploratory study we interview 205 clients of for-profit microcredit to better understand the causes of why microcredit has not lived up to its promise. We find the basic problem is that the lending policies of the microcredit organizations are designed to lower the costs and risks, and hence increase the profits of the organization, and are not responsive to the ...


Ewom Platforms As Productivity Catalyzers In The Travel Industry: A Two-Stage Double Bootstrap Data Envelopment Analysis, Tomas Saralegui 2022 Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Ewom Platforms As Productivity Catalyzers In The Travel Industry: A Two-Stage Double Bootstrap Data Envelopment Analysis, Tomas Saralegui

Journal of Sustainability and Resilience

In a fast-paced digitalization context, travel agencies face a challenge to increase productivity. Electronic word of mouth (eWOM) could allow better learning processes, improve communication with customers, and serve as a remarkable diffusion channel. However, this channel is not yet fully embraced by the sector. This research, delimited to Spanish travel agencies in the period 2012-2019, applies a two-stage double bootstrap data envelopment analysis to assess whether eWOM and how firms manage eWOM, contributes to achieving higher levels of efficiency. Results show that firms with higher valence and volume of online reviews tend to be closer to the efficiency frontier ...


The Trade War Of China And The Us In 2021, And It’S Impact On The Indonesian Economy, Marthen Napang, Syaiful Rohman 2022 Universitas Hasanuddin Makasar

The Trade War Of China And The Us In 2021, And It’S Impact On The Indonesian Economy, Marthen Napang, Syaiful Rohman

Journal of Strategic and Global Studies

This study will explore the trade war between China and the United States (US). The US government initially paid close attention to the principle of free and open economics; this was because the US believed that free trade was not only to develop the US domestic economy but also as a tool to generate mutual benefits between cooperating countries. This is in contrast to the US in President Donald Trump 2017-2021, which implemented a policy of protectionism against Chinese trade. Trump did this as a strategy to overcome the negative impact of free trade, which in the end, the US ...


The True Cost Of Auto Insurance In The Mountain West, 2022, Annie Vong, Saha Salahi, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The True Cost Of Auto Insurance In The Mountain West, 2022, Annie Vong, Saha Salahi, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Transportation & Infrastructure

This fact sheet examines data on average annual premiums, percent of income spent on auto insurance, and life events associated with the rising cost of auto insurance in the Mountain West (Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah). The original report includes data on national averages for auto insurance premiums for all fifty states.


Shortage Of Affordable Rental Homes In The Mountain West, Joshua Padilla, Kelliann Beavers, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Shortage Of Affordable Rental Homes In The Mountain West, Joshua Padilla, Kelliann Beavers, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Housing & Real Estate

This fact sheet examines data from the 2022 report by the National Low Income Housing Coalition (NLIHC), “The Gap: A Shortage of Affordable Homes” for the Mountain West region. The original report includes data from 2016- 2020 American Community Survey (ACS) Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) to help “determine the availability of rental homes affordable to extremely low-income households.”


The Outdoor Recreation Economy In The Mountain West, 2020, Miguel Soriano Ralston, Joshua Padilla, Peter Grema, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Outdoor Recreation Economy In The Mountain West, 2020, Miguel Soriano Ralston, Joshua Padilla, Peter Grema, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Economic Development & Workforce

This fact sheet provides select data from the State Outdoor Recreation Satellite Account (ORSA) at the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) on the 2020 outdoor recreation economy in the Mountain West region, including Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado.


Nevada Job Gains/Losses, January 2020 - January 2022, Hira Ahmed, Joshua Padilla, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Nevada Job Gains/Losses, January 2020 - January 2022, Hira Ahmed, Joshua Padilla, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Economic Development & Workforce

This fact sheet displays county-level job gains and losses for 17 counties in Nevada, as reported in the March 2022 The Daily Yonder article “Most Recent Jobs Data Shows Rural Employment Is Nearly Back to Pre-Pandemic Level.”


How The Coronavirus Pandemic Has Affected Gender Wage Inequality In Colombia, Héctor Alberto Botello-Peñaloza 2022 Universidad Industrial de Santander

How The Coronavirus Pandemic Has Affected Gender Wage Inequality In Colombia, Héctor Alberto Botello-Peñaloza

Equidad y Desarrollo

El objetivo de este artículo es comparar cómo han cambiado las diferencias salariales entre los trabajadores colombianos antes y durante la pandemia de coronavirus. El desglose paramétrico de Oaxaca-Blinder se realiza utilizando la Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares de 2020 y se compara con los resultados de 2019. Entre los resultados, el diferencial en los ingresos por hora de trabajo contra las mujeres ha aumentado al 16% en 2020 frente al 4% en 2019, especialmente en la parte inferior de la distribución. Para ambos años y todos los niveles de ingresos, la mayor parte de la contribución a la diferencia ...


Mujeres Saharauis Del Norte De África: Tejiendo El Desarrollo De Su Pueblo, Alexandra Córdoba Heredia, Katheryne Aldana Villalobos 2022 Asociación Colombiana de Amistad con el Pueblo Saharaui

Mujeres Saharauis Del Norte De África: Tejiendo El Desarrollo De Su Pueblo, Alexandra Córdoba Heredia, Katheryne Aldana Villalobos

Equidad y Desarrollo

El presente artículo es producto de la investigación de Maestría del año 2019 de refugiados saharauis de Tindouf, Argelia (Norte de áfrica), con enfoque cualitativo de corte etnográfico, se analizó la percepción de cooperantes colombianos/as mujeres y hombres saharauis logrando identificar los aspectos de la agencia de las mujeres saharauis entendidos como el papel activo de las estas en el desarrollo de su pueblo. De acuerdo con los hallazgos se reconoció que la agencia de las mujeres saharauis sobre la educación, percepción de sus derechos y participación lo cual ha permitido que el pueblo saharaui no solo sobreviva en ...


The Cultural Aspects And Economic Performance Of Small Wixarica Artisan Businesses, Luis Ángel Correa García 2022 Interamerican University for Development, Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Mexico

The Cultural Aspects And Economic Performance Of Small Wixarica Artisan Businesses, Luis Ángel Correa García

Equidad y Desarrollo

La cultura Wixarika o Huichol es una de las más importantes de México. Son portadores de tradiciones transmitidas de generación en generación, sus costumbres están presentes desde tiempos ancestrales y tienen valores que son fundamentales para la unión de su comunidad. El objetivo de este estudio empírico es analizar desde la perspectiva teórica de Recursos y Capacidades, cómo los aspectos culturales influyen en el desempeño económico de los pequeños negocios artesanales Wixarika. La metodología usada fue el análisis de regresión múltiple. El constructo “aspectos culturales” fue elaborado con base en la revisión de literatura. Los resultados muestran que la variable ...


Migración De Talentos Mexicanos: Mitos Y Realidades, Ana María Aragonés, Uberto Salgado 2022 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM

Migración De Talentos Mexicanos: Mitos Y Realidades, Ana María Aragonés, Uberto Salgado

Equidad y Desarrollo

En esta investigación se presentan los resultados preliminares de una encuesta aplicada por medio de una plataforma digital a 660 migrantes mexicanos altamente calificados que se encuentran trabajando en diversos países. Uno de los objetivos consistió en documentar las formas de inserción laboral en los países de destino con el fin de constatar una idea generalizada en la literatura especializada, la cual sugiere que los mexicanos calificados, están siendo subutilizados o sobreocupados en los mercados laborales de destino. Se analizaron diversos aspectos como el nivel de estudios, el dominio del idioma, lugar de obtención de los grados, posibles formas de ...


Relación Entre El Impuesto De Renta Y La Rentabilidad Sobre El Patrimonio En Las Empresas Colombianas Periodo 2016 A 2019, Andrés Caicedo Carrero 2022 Consultor Financiero Corporativo

Relación Entre El Impuesto De Renta Y La Rentabilidad Sobre El Patrimonio En Las Empresas Colombianas Periodo 2016 A 2019, Andrés Caicedo Carrero

Equidad y Desarrollo

El presente artículo muestra la relación que existe entre el impuesto de renta y la rentabilidad sobre el patrimonio [ROE]. Para la construcción de esta investigación se realizó una breve tipificación de los tributos que existen, posteriormente fueron revisadas las investigaciones existentes sobre el impacto del impuesto de renta en las empresas, el papel de las finanzas en la competitividad empresarial y cómo esto afecta al desarrollo económico de los países. Con el fin de hacer una validación en las compañías colombianas, se consultaron los estados financieros de las firmas que reportan información contable ante la Superintendencia de Sociedades y ...


Three Essays On Public Policy And Welfare In Developing Countries, Alvaro Jeronimo Callejas 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Three Essays On Public Policy And Welfare In Developing Countries, Alvaro Jeronimo Callejas

Doctoral Dissertations

Developing countries typically implement public policies that modify the market structure to reach a specific goal. However, in this attempt to achieve a policy objective, policymakers may not consider unintended consequences caused by firms' and consumers' optimizing behavior. Moreover, the reaction of market agents to the implemented policy may undermind its effectiveness or lead to an outcome opposite to the one persuaded. This dissertation uses a set of structural models to assess the welfare effect of both intended and unintended consequences of public policies introduced in developing countries.

In the first chapter, we evaluate the welfare implications of a public ...


Housing Affordability For Top Occupations In Nevada Metros, 2022, Kristian Thymianos, Elia Del Carmen Solano-Patricio, Ally M. Beckwith, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Housing Affordability For Top Occupations In Nevada Metros, 2022, Kristian Thymianos, Elia Del Carmen Solano-Patricio, Ally M. Beckwith, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Housing & Real Estate

This fact sheet combines housing and employment data from the National Housing Conference (NHC) and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to examine housing affordability for the 10 most common occupations in the Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV and the Reno-Sparks, NV metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) in Quarter 1 of 2022.


Arts Vibrancy In The Mountain West, 2020, Joshua Padilla, Ally M. Beckwith, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Arts Vibrancy In The Mountain West, 2020, Joshua Padilla, Ally M. Beckwith, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Cities & Metros

This fact sheet highlights data on various arts vibrant communities in the United States from the 2020 Arts Vibrancy Index Report. The growth of arts communities across the country contributes to the increased intensity of the United States’ cultural sector. Using the original data prepared by Southern Methodist University (SMU) Data Arts, this fact sheet focuses on the arts vibrancy of communities in the Mountain West.


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