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The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer 2023 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer

International and Global Studies Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Kingdom of Eswatini, also known as Swaziland, has one of the youngest populations in the world with over 70% of citizens being under the age of 18 years old. This creates a substantial opportunity for economic, social, and educational growth in a country previously plagued with diseases such as HIV/AIDS, poor health care infrastructure cutting off thousands from basic care, and an educational system with a very low attendance rate and an even lower graduation rate. By evaluating the root causes of such issues dating back to the colonial era there is an opportunity to reprioritize health care and …


Assessment Of The Effects Of Edentulousness On Temporomandibular Components By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Büşra Arıkan, Numan Dedeoğlu, Şuayip Burak Duman 2022 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Inönü University, Malatya, Turkey

Assessment Of The Effects Of Edentulousness On Temporomandibular Components By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Büşra Arıkan, Numan Dedeoğlu, Şuayip Burak Duman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of edentulousness on the temporomandibular joint using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: In this study, CBCT images were evaluated in a total of 48 patients (24 dentulous, 24 edentulous). Ninety-six temporomandibular joint CBCT images were examined. Eminence inclination, condyle head widths and joint space were measured and statistically compared between the edentulous and dentulous groups. Results: The articular eminence inclination value the mediolateral width of the condyle and the anteroposterior width of the condyle were found significantly higher in the dentulous group than in the edentulous group. …


Effect Of Preflaring On Accuracy Of Endodontic Length Determination By Four Electronic Apex Locators, Arash Izadi, Maliheh Bayandari, Ezatolah Kazeminejad 2022 Dental Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

Effect Of Preflaring On Accuracy Of Endodontic Length Determination By Four Electronic Apex Locators, Arash Izadi, Maliheh Bayandari, Ezatolah Kazeminejad

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: Root canal anatomy significantly impacts the working length determination. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the preflaring technique on the accuracy of four electronic apex locators. Methods: Forty-five single-canal central maxillary teeth were selected. The working length was measured before and after the coronal preparation by four types of electronic apex locators in the range of ±0.5 and ±1 mm matched for the apical constriction. The actual working length was calculated under a microscope. Data were analyzed using ICC and paired t-tests in SPSS16. A p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The accuracies of Root ZX, DTE, Denjoy, and Coxo apex …


Comparison Of Ultrasonography And Cone Beam Computed Tomography In The Differential Diagnosis Of Periapical Lesions: A Prospective Radiopathological Study, Gozde Serindere, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Mert Bulte, Didar Gursoy, Fariz Salimov 2022 Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey

Comparison Of Ultrasonography And Cone Beam Computed Tomography In The Differential Diagnosis Of Periapical Lesions: A Prospective Radiopathological Study, Gozde Serindere, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Mert Bulte, Didar Gursoy, Fariz Salimov

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between ultrasonography (USG) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and the accuracy between histopathological diagnosis and preliminary diagnosis in the diagnosis of periapical lesion. Methods: 20 patients with periapical lesion in the jaw, were included in the study. The presence of expansion or perforation and dimensions of the lesion were performed with CBCT. In the examination of the lesion with USG, shape, echogenicity, vascularization of the lesion and the presence of buccal expansion and perforation, were determined. Subsequently, a biopsy was taken from the lesion for histopathological examination and …


Stereomicroscopic Evaluation Of Dentinal Microcracks After Instrumentation Of Curved Canal With Rotary Files In Two Motions, Nupur Vasava, Shreya Modi, Chintan Joshi, Sweety Thumar, Anisha Parmar, Kruti Jadawala 2022 Karnavati School of Dentistry, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Stereomicroscopic Evaluation Of Dentinal Microcracks After Instrumentation Of Curved Canal With Rotary Files In Two Motions, Nupur Vasava, Shreya Modi, Chintan Joshi, Sweety Thumar, Anisha Parmar, Kruti Jadawala

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effects of three distinct file systems with two motion types—rotary and reciprocation—on the development of dentinal microcracks after root canal preparation using a stereomicroscope. Methods: Sixty mandibular molars with a curvature of 30° were decoronated and divided into three groups (Vortex Blue, Mtwo, and ProTaper Next) and two subgroups (rotary and reciprocating motions). The samples were then instrumented with the files, dyed with 1% methylene blue dye, and sectioned horizontally at 3, 6, and 9 mm from the root apex. The dentinal microcracks were inspected using a stereomicroscope at 40× magnification. One-way analysis …


Evaluation Of Dentoskeletal And Pharyngeal Airway Changes After Treatment With Twin Block And Monoblock Appliance In Growing Patients, Esra Genc, Ahmet Karaman, Gülşah Püskül 2022 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul Aydın University, Istanbul, Turkey

Evaluation Of Dentoskeletal And Pharyngeal Airway Changes After Treatment With Twin Block And Monoblock Appliance In Growing Patients, Esra Genc, Ahmet Karaman, Gülşah Püskül

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: To compare of pharyngeal airway dimensions and dentoskeletal changes after treatment with twin block (TWB) and monoblock (MB) appliance in growing patients. Methods: The sample was comprised of a total of 72 patients at the ages of 10 to 13. The TWB group consisted of 36 patients (22 females, 14 males, mean age: 11.9±1.5) and MB group consisted of 36 patients (18 females, 18 males, mean age: 11.8±1.2). The linear and angular measurements were evaluated on lateral cephalometric radiographs at beginning (T0) and end of treatment (T1). Results: The amounts of increase in the inferior airway space, L1xNB, IMPA …


Clinical And Radiographic Features Of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome: A Case Report, G Subhas Babu, Devika S. Pillai, Shruthi Hegde, Padmaraj Hegde, Vidya Ajila 2022 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangaluru, India

Clinical And Radiographic Features Of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome: A Case Report, G Subhas Babu, Devika S. Pillai, Shruthi Hegde, Padmaraj Hegde, Vidya Ajila

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome, also called as Gorlin Gotz syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the presence of multiple odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) of the jaw, basal cell carcinomas and skeletal anomalies. Presence of multiple OKCs is the first clinical manifestation in majority of the cases. Early diagnosis and treatment are of utmost importance in reducing the severity of this syndrome. We hereby report a rare case of Gorlin Goltz syndrome in a 28 years old female patient who presented with multiple cystic lesions in the jaws. Present case also highlights the clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features of …


How Early Nutrition And Foundational Cognitive Skills Interconnect? Evidence From Two Developing Countries, Alan Sánchez, Marta Favara, Margaret Sheridan, Jere R. Behrman 2022 Grupo de Analisis para el Desarrollo

How Early Nutrition And Foundational Cognitive Skills Interconnect? Evidence From Two Developing Countries, Alan Sánchez, Marta Favara, Margaret Sheridan, Jere R. Behrman

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

We use unique data collected in Ethiopia and Peru as part of the Young Lives Study to investigate the relationship between early undernutrition and four foundational cognitive skills, the first two of which measure executive functioning: working memory, inhibitory control, long-term memory, and implicit learning. We exploit the rich longitudinal data available to control for potential confounders at the household level and for time-invariant community characteristics. We also exploit the availability of data for paired-siblings to obtain household fixed-effects estimates. Overall, we find robust evidence that stunting is negatively related with the development of executive functions, predicting reductions in working …


Associations Of The Covid-19 Pandemic With Older Individuals' Healthcare Utilization And Self-Reported Health Status: A Longitudinal Analysis From Singapore, Sangnam AHN, Seonghoon KIM, Kanghyock KOH 2022 University of Memphis

Associations Of The Covid-19 Pandemic With Older Individuals' Healthcare Utilization And Self-Reported Health Status: A Longitudinal Analysis From Singapore, Sangnam Ahn, Seonghoon Kim, Kanghyock Koh

Research Collection School Of Economics

Background: The COVID–19 pandemic has challenged the capacity of healthcare systems around the world and can potentially compromise healthcare utilization and health outcomes among non-COVID–19 patients. Objectives: To examine the associations of the COVID-19 pandemic with healthcare utilization, out-of-pocket medical costs, and perceived health among middle-aged and older individuals in Singapore. Method: Utilizing data collected from a monthly panel survey, a difference-in-differences approach was used to characterize monthly changes of healthcare use and spending and estimate the probability of being diagnosed with a chronic condition and self-reported health status before and during the COVID-19 outbreak in 2020. Subjects: Data were …


Identifying Knowledge Spillovers From Universities: Quasi-Experimental Evidence From Urban China, Li JING, Shimeng LIU, Yifan WU 2022 Singapore Management University

Identifying Knowledge Spillovers From Universities: Quasi-Experimental Evidence From Urban China, Li Jing, Shimeng Liu, Yifan Wu

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper studies the impact of universities on local innovation activity by exploiting a unique university expansion policy in China as a quasi-experiment. We take a geographic approach, empowered by geocoded data on patents and new products at the address level, to identify knowledge spillovers as an important channel. We obtain three main findings. First, university expansion significantly increases universities’ own innovation capacity, which results in a dramatic boom of local industry patents. Second, the impact of university expansion on local innovation activities attenuates sharply within 2 kilometers of the universities. Third, university expansion boosts nearby firms’ new products and …


Examining Mobile Health App Engagement In A North American Employee Population: A One-Year Longitudinal Observational Study, Nabil Ratanshi 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Examining Mobile Health App Engagement In A North American Employee Population: A One-Year Longitudinal Observational Study, Nabil Ratanshi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) apps may help promote physical activity and other health behaviours among office-based workers. Low app engagement, however, leading to little or no effect is typical. OBJECTIVE: To examine engagement with a rewards-based mHealth app and identify factors influencing engagement. METHODS: A one-year observational study was conducted with Canadian and U.S. users of the Sprout at Work app (N=2253; Female: 35.7%; Age: 39.3 years). Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to examine engagement patterns from a ‘multiple-lives’ perspective (i.e., time to first disengagement, re-engagement, second disengagement). Regression models were used to identify factors influencing engagement. RESULTS: After one …


The Evolution Of The Southern Nevada Healthcare Economy: Building The Unlv Academic Health Center, The Lincy Institute 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Evolution Of The Southern Nevada Healthcare Economy: Building The Unlv Academic Health Center, The Lincy Institute

Lincy Institute Events

With the successful launch of the Kirk Kerkorian School of Medicine at UNLV and the completion of its medical education building, Southern Nevada is positioned to expand its healthcare infrastructure - and its healthcare economy - to create a comprehensive, integrated healthcare system to serve our fast-growing community. As UNLV moves forward with the development of an integrated academic health center within the Las Vegas Medical District, understanding the economic and social benefits of such a transformational project is important to stakeholders throughout the region.

The Lincy Institute hosted representatives of Tripp Umbach - the nation's leading consultant on community …


Driving The Southern Nevada Health Economy Forward: Benefits Of A Transformational Unlv Academic Health Center, Tripp Umbach 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Driving The Southern Nevada Health Economy Forward: Benefits Of A Transformational Unlv Academic Health Center, Tripp Umbach

Policy Briefs and Reports

The University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) plans to develop an integrated academic health center within the Las Vegas Medical District (LVMD). The academic health center includes UNLV’s five health science schools and mental and behavioral health, which is distributed among several colleges (medicine, liberal arts, urban affairs, and education) in the university. University Medical Center (UMC), a major teaching hospital, will also be an important driver of the academic health center. For the purposes of this report, UNLV’s medical and health science entities along with UMC are referred to collectively as the UNLV Academic Health Center. Additional academic health …


Cost Analysis Of Implementing An Exercise Program For Fall And Fracture Prevention In Older Adults On Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy, Thomas Adam Wichelmann, Nhan Dang, David H. Kruchko, Sufyan Abdulmujeeb, Eli D. Ehrenpreis 2022 Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Cost Analysis Of Implementing An Exercise Program For Fall And Fracture Prevention In Older Adults On Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy, Thomas Adam Wichelmann, Nhan Dang, David H. Kruchko, Sufyan Abdulmujeeb, Eli D. Ehrenpreis

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Falls have significant financial impact. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy is associated with an increased risk of falls and fractures. Exercise programs have been shown to decrease risk of falls in the elderly population and are recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force for patients over age 65 to reduce falls. Our study aimed to explore the potential financial benefit of implementing three different Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-recommended exercise-based interventions for fall prevention (Tai Chi, Stepping On, and Otago Exercise Program) in ≥ 65-year-old patients on PPI therapy.

Methods: A Markov model was developed to predict …


Essays On Disability And The Labour Market, Robert Geoffrey Millard 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Essays On Disability And The Labour Market, Robert Geoffrey Millard

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

My dissertation consists of three chapters about the effects of disability and disability policy.

The second chapter analyzes the variation in labour market outcomes across disabilities by representing disability as a bundle of characteristics. Rich with information on the characteristics of a disabling condition, I use the Participation and Activity Limitation Survey to compare the relative importance of each {characteristic} and their interactions on employment, wages, hours worked, and annual employment income. The disability {characteristics} include the type of activity limitation, number of limitations, timing of onset, severity, and persistence. I find substantial cross-sectional variation in labour supply, wages, and …


The Impact Of The Juntos Conditional Cash Transfer Programme On Foundational Cognitive Skills: Does Age Of Enrollment Matter?, Douglas Scott, Jennifer Lopez, Alan Sánchez, Jere R. Behrman 2022 University of Oxford

The Impact Of The Juntos Conditional Cash Transfer Programme On Foundational Cognitive Skills: Does Age Of Enrollment Matter?, Douglas Scott, Jennifer Lopez, Alan Sánchez, Jere R. Behrman

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This paper studies the relationship between the age of enrolment in Peru’s conditional cash transfer programme, JUNTOS, and the foundational cognitive skills of a sample of children aged between 5 and 12 years old. Using a difference-in-differences approach and exploiting within-household variation, we show that younger siblings in recipient households display significantly higher levels of inhibitory control than their older counterparts (0.11 standard deviations), having benefited from the programme for the first time at a relatively earlier age. In high-income countries, this behavioural trait has been linked to later-life outcomes such as job success, physical health, and even reduced risk …


Essays On Impacts Of Women Empowerment On The Health Outcomes Of Children, Sagnik Das 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On Impacts Of Women Empowerment On The Health Outcomes Of Children, Sagnik Das

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Chapter 1: Taking cognizance of the lack of representation of women in politics, the Indian government in 1993, enacted the 73rd constitutional amendment which led to a sudden increase in the representation of women in the local governments. Exploiting the exogenous variation in the timing of implementation of the 73rd amendment across the states, I study the spillover effects of this mandated empowerment of women on the health outcomes of children by using nationally representative survey data and employing a difference-in-difference estimation strategy. In this study, I find evidence of a positive impact of mandated women empowerment on the survival …


Electromyographic Activity Of Masticatory Muscles In Asymptomatic Young Adults, Aneta Wieczorek, Malgorzata Pihut, Jolanta E. Loster 2022 Jagiellonian University Medical College, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Dentistry, Department of Prosthodontics and Orthodontics, Krakow, Poland

Electromyographic Activity Of Masticatory Muscles In Asymptomatic Young Adults, Aneta Wieczorek, Malgorzata Pihut, Jolanta E. Loster

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Introduction: The masseter and the anterior part of the temporalis are the muscles mainly responsible for the clenching function. Clenching patterns and the activity of these muscles are not expected to differ between male and females, nor between different occlusal classes. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether the activity index of the masseter and temporalis muscles is related to occlusal class and gender. Methods: This study involved 145 eighteen-year-old Caucasian volunteers who underwent surface electromyography. The sEMG was analyzed at the moment of 100% occlusal contact. Occlusal classes were determined used plaster casts. …


The Practices Of Treating Deep Carious Lesions Compared With The Dental Curriculum In Turkish Dentistry, Leyla Kerimova, Erdem Karabulut, Kivanç Yamanel, Neslihan Arhun 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey

The Practices Of Treating Deep Carious Lesions Compared With The Dental Curriculum In Turkish Dentistry, Leyla Kerimova, Erdem Karabulut, Kivanç Yamanel, Neslihan Arhun

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this cross-sectional study is to investigate Turkish dentists’ opinions and preferences regarding the management of deep carious lesions and compare them with modern dental education concepts as provided by dental schools. Methods: Questionnaire 1 and Questionnaire 2 were sent separately to dental practitioners via the Turkish Dental Association and to university department heads of restorative dentistry. The data obtained were analyzed using chi-square tests and one-way ANOVA tests (p < 0.05). Results: Regarding Questionnaire 1, most of the dentists (89.3%) responded that caries lesions should be removed completely up to the hard cut-off condition of …


Fractal Analysis Of Subchondral Cyst At Mandibular Condyle Detected On Panoramic Radiograph In A Group Of Thai Population, Aloysius Putut Wijanarko, Preeyaporn Srimawong, Suchaya Pornprasertsuk-Damrongsri, Apirum Janhom 2022 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Fractal Analysis Of Subchondral Cyst At Mandibular Condyle Detected On Panoramic Radiograph In A Group Of Thai Population, Aloysius Putut Wijanarko, Preeyaporn Srimawong, Suchaya Pornprasertsuk-Damrongsri, Apirum Janhom

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: This study aimed to analyze subchondral cyst on the mandibular condyle using fractal dimension (FD) measurement on a panoramic radiograph. Methods: This retrospective study examined 15 patients aged 24 to 75 years who had undergone panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography on both sides of the mandibular condyles, between January 2013 and November 2017, in the Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic, Dental Hospital, Mahidol University. These 15 patients, all of whom had a subchondral cyst on one side of the mandibular condyle, constituted both the study and control groups: the 15 affected sides constituted the study group, …


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