Formulating An Efficient Statistical Test Using The Goodness Of Fit Approach With Applications To Real-Life Data, 2024 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Abyan University, Abyan, Yemen

#### Formulating An Efficient Statistical Test Using The Goodness Of Fit Approach With Applications To Real-Life Data, S. A. Qaid, S. E. Abo Youssef Prof., Mahmoud Mansour

*Basic Science Engineering*

Statistical tests are very important for researchers to make decisions. In particular, when the tests are non-parametric, they are of greater importance because they can be applied to a wide range of data sets regardless of knowing the distribution of these data. Researchers are therefore racing to obtain efficient tests for making good decisions based on the results of these tests. In this study, NBU (2)L was used based on the goodness of fit approach to present an efficient statistical test. The efficiency of the proposed test was computed, and the results were compared to those of other tests. Critical …

Causal Inference For The Effect Of Continuous Treatment On Time-To-Event Outcomes And Mediation Analysis On Health Disparities In Observational Studies., 2023 University of Louisville

#### Causal Inference For The Effect Of Continuous Treatment On Time-To-Event Outcomes And Mediation Analysis On Health Disparities In Observational Studies., Triparna Poddar

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

The dissertation comprises two projects related to causal inference based on observational data. In healthcare research, where abundant observational data such as claims data and electronic records are available, researchers often aim to study the treatment effect and the pathway of that effect. However, estimating treatment effects in observational data presents challenges due to confounding factors. The first project focuses on estimating continuous treatment effects for survival outcomes, while the second concentrates on mediation analysis, allowing the exploration of the pathway of the causal effect. Both projects involve addressing confounding variables. In the first project, I investigate estimation of the …

Parameter Estimation For Patient Enrollment In Clinical Trials, 2023 William & Mary

#### Parameter Estimation For Patient Enrollment In Clinical Trials, Junyan Liu

*Undergraduate Honors Theses*

In this paper, we study the Poisson-gamma model for recruitment time in clinical trials. We proved several properties of this model that match our intuitions from a reliability perspective, did simulations on this model, and used different optimization methods to estimate the parameters. Although the behaviors of the optimization methods were unfavorable and unstable, we identified certain conditions and provided potential explanations for this phenomenon and further insights into the Poisson-gamma model.

Nonparametric Derivative Estimation Using Penalized Splines: Theory And Application, 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Nonparametric Derivative Estimation Using Penalized Splines: Theory And Application, Bright Antwi Boasiako

*Doctoral Dissertations*

This dissertation is in the field of Nonparametric Derivative Estimation using

Penalized Splines. It is conducted in two parts. In the first part, we study the L2

convergence rates of estimating derivatives of mean regression functions using penalized splines. In 1982, Stone provided the optimal rates of convergence for estimating derivatives of mean regression functions using nonparametric methods. Using these rates, Zhou et. al. in their 2000 paper showed that the MSE of derivative estimators based on regression splines approach zero at the optimal rate of convergence. Also, in 2019, Xiao showed that, under some general conditions, penalized spline estimators …

Asymptotic Results For Empirical Processes In Informative Model Of Random Censorship From Both Sides, 2023 Moscow State University Tashkent branch

#### Asymptotic Results For Empirical Processes In Informative Model Of Random Censorship From Both Sides, Abdurakhim Abdushukurov, Dilshod Mansurov

*Bulletin of National University of Uzbekistan: Mathematics and Natural Sciences*

In the paper, the empirical process in informative model of random censorship from both sides is investigated. For it, the limit Gaussian process with mean zero is founded. Under investigating of empirical process, the characterization properties of the considered informative model is used. The properties of the semiparametric estimator by using methods of numerical modeling are discussed.

Optimal Experimental Planning Of Reliability Experiments Based On Coherent Systems, 2023 Southern Methodist University

#### Optimal Experimental Planning Of Reliability Experiments Based On Coherent Systems, Yang Yu

*Statistical Science Theses and Dissertations*

In industrial engineering and manufacturing, assessing the reliability of a product or system is an important topic. Life-testing and reliability experiments are commonly used reliability assessment methods to gain sound knowledge about product or system lifetime distributions. Usually, a sample of items of interest is subjected to stresses and environmental conditions that characterize the normal operating conditions. During the life-test, successive times to failure are recorded and lifetime data are collected. Life-testing is useful in many industrial environments, including the automobile, materials, telecommunications, and electronics industries.

There are different kinds of life-testing experiments that can be applied for different purposes. …

The Rocket: Analyzing Rtp (Return To Player), Payoff Distribution And Player Behavior In Crash Games, 2023 Monmouth University

#### The Rocket: Analyzing Rtp (Return To Player), Payoff Distribution And Player Behavior In Crash Games, Mikhail M. Sher, Robert Haywood Scott Iii, Jonathan A. Daigle

*International Conference on Gambling & Risk Taking*

**Abstract**

Rocket is a crash game developed by DraftKings, an American publicly traded online casino, sports betting and fantasy sports company. DraftKings Rocket is a game played with a rising rocket. Players must exit the rocket at any point before the rocket crashes. In that case they receive the payoff in accordance to the multiplier of their exit point. If the rocket crashes before the player bails, player’s payoff is 0 (and they lose their bet).

The game boasts an unprecedented 97% RTP (Return to Player). For comparison, Atlantic City casino slots typically have a 91-92% RTP, while Vegas casino …

Empirical Likelihood Ratio Tests For Homogeneity Of Distributions Of Component Lifetimes From System Lifetime Data With Known System Structures, 2023 Southern Methodist University

#### Empirical Likelihood Ratio Tests For Homogeneity Of Distributions Of Component Lifetimes From System Lifetime Data With Known System Structures, Jingjing Qu

*Statistical Science Theses and Dissertations*

In system reliability, practitioners may be interested in testing the homogeneity of the component lifetime distributions based on system lifetimes from multiple data sources for various reasons, such as identifying the component supplier that provides the most reliable components.

In the first part of the dissertation, we develop distribution-free hypothesis testing procedures for the homogeneity of the component lifetime distributions based on system lifetime data when the system structures are known. Several nonparametric testing statistics based on the empirical likelihood method are proposed for testing the homogeneity of two or more component lifetime distributions. The computational approaches to obtain the …

An Analysis Of All-Cause Mortality On Patients With Sickle Cell Disease And Kidney Disease Using Propensity Score Matching, 2023 Stephen F. Austin State University

#### An Analysis Of All-Cause Mortality On Patients With Sickle Cell Disease And Kidney Disease Using Propensity Score Matching, Adam Garrison

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

In this work, we provide an overview of the Cox proportional hazards model for time to event or survival analysis and the notion of propensity score matching to deal with confounding factors. A full analysis is reported in Chapter 2 concerning mortality for in-center dialysis patients with sickle cell disease to demonstrate the application of a general analysis strategy that has some logistical benefits over more traditional approaches to accounting for confounding variables. We also provide some insight and discussions on the challenges and future research questions that will emerge when trying to implement this strategy as a monitoring tool …

A New Generalized Gamma-Weibull Distribution And Its Applications, 2023 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Kwara State University, Malete P.M.B. 1530, Ilorin, Nigeria

#### A New Generalized Gamma-Weibull Distribution And Its Applications, Nihimat Iyebuhola Aleshinloye, Samuel Adewale Aderoju, Alfred Adewole Abiodun, Bako Lukmon Taiwo

*Al-Bahir Journal for Engineering and Pure Sciences*

In this paper, a New Generalized Gamma-Weibull (NGGW) distribution is developed by compounding Weibull and generalized gamma distribution. Some mathematical properties such as moments, Rényi entropy and order statistics are derived and discussed. The maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) method is used to estimate the model parameters. The proposed model is applied to two real-life datasets to illustrate its performance and flexibility as compared to some other competing distributions. The results obtained show that the new distribution fits each of the data better than the other competing distributions.

Forecasting Remission Time Of A Treatment Method For Leukemia As An Application To Statistical Inference Approach, 2023 Al-Azhar University - Egypt

#### Forecasting Remission Time Of A Treatment Method For Leukemia As An Application To Statistical Inference Approach, Mahmoud Mansour, Rashad El-Sagheer, Ahmed Galal Attia, Beha S. El-Desouky Prof.

*Basic Science Engineering*

In this paper, Weibull-Linear Exponential distribution (WLED) has been investigated whether being it is a well-fit distribution to a clinical real data. These data represent the duration of remission achieved by a certain drug used in the treatment of leukemia for a group of patients. The statistical inference approach is used to estimate the parameters of the WLED through the set of the fitted data. The estimated parameters are utilized to evaluate the survival and hazard functions and hence assessing the treatment method through forecasting the duration of remission times of patients. A two-sample prediction approach has been applied to …

Inverse Probability Weighting In Survival Analysis And Network Analysis, 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Inverse Probability Weighting In Survival Analysis And Network Analysis, Yukun Lu

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Inverse probability weighting is a popular technique to accommodate selection bias due to non-random sampling and missing data. In the first chapter, we develop an inverse probability weighted estimator and an augmented inverse probability weighted estimator of regression coefficients for a linear model with randomly censored covariates, when the censoring mechanism may be dependent on the outcome. We investigate the asymptotic properties of both estimators and evaluate their finite sample performance through extensive simulation studies. We apply the proposed methods to an Alzheimer’s disease study. In the second chapter, we present an application of network analysis in a study of …

Striving For Appropriate Antibiotic Use: A Biomarker Initiative, And Outcomes Associated With Azithromycin Exposure, 2023 University of Kentucky

#### Striving For Appropriate Antibiotic Use: A Biomarker Initiative, And Outcomes Associated With Azithromycin Exposure, Amanda Gusovsky

*Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy*

The introduction of antibiotics into clinical practice is considered the greatest medical breakthrough of the 20^{th}century. However, the use of antibiotics can contribute to the development of resistance. In the United States (U.S.), approximately 2.8 million people are infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria each year, and more than 35,000 people die as a result. Moreover, some antibiotics are known to cause cardiac side effects including QT prolongation, hypotension, and ventricular arrythmias. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines appropriate antibiotic use as the effort to use “the right antibiotic, at the right dose, for the right …

Forecasting Remission Time Of A Treatment Method For Leukemia As An Application To Statistical Inference Approach, 2023 Mansoura University

#### Forecasting Remission Time Of A Treatment Method For Leukemia As An Application To Statistical Inference Approach, Ahmed Galal Atia, Mahmoud Mansour, Rashad Mohamed El-Sagheer, B. S. El-Desouky

*Basic Science Engineering*

In this paper, Weibull-Linear Exponential distribution (WLED) has been investigated whether being it is a well-fit distribution to a clinical real data. These data represent the duration of remission achieved by a certain drug used in the treatment of leukemia for a group of patients. The statistical inference approach is used to estimate the parameters of the WLED through the set of the fitted data. The estimated parameters are utilized to evaluate the survival and hazard functions and hence assessing the treatment method through forecasting the duration of remission times of patients. A two-sample prediction approach has been applied to …

Regression Modeling Of Complex Survival Data Based On Pseudo-Observations, 2022 Southern Methodist University

#### Regression Modeling Of Complex Survival Data Based On Pseudo-Observations, Rong Rong

*Statistical Science Theses and Dissertations*

The restricted mean survival time (RMST) is a clinically meaningful summary measure in studies with survival outcomes. Statistical methods have been developed for regression analysis of RMST to investigate impacts of covariates on RMST, which is a useful alternative to the Cox regression analysis. However, existing methods for regression modeling of RMST are not applicable to left-truncated right-censored data that arise frequently in prevalent cohort studies, for which the sampling bias due to left truncation and informative censoring induced by the prevalent sampling scheme must be properly addressed. Meanwhile, statistical methods have been developed for regression modeling of the cumulative …

Dynamic Prediction For Alternating Recurrent Events Using A Semiparametric Joint Frailty Model, 2022 Southern Methodist University

#### Dynamic Prediction For Alternating Recurrent Events Using A Semiparametric Joint Frailty Model, Jaehyeon Yun

*Statistical Science Theses and Dissertations*

Alternating recurrent events data arise commonly in health research; examples include hospital admissions and discharges of diabetes patients; exacerbations and remissions of chronic bronchitis; and quitting and restarting smoking. Recent work has involved formulating and estimating joint models for the recurrent event times considering non-negligible event durations. However, prediction models for transition between recurrent events are lacking. We consider the development and evaluation of methods for predicting future events within these models. Specifically, we propose a tool for dynamically predicting transition between alternating recurrent events in real time. Under a flexible joint frailty model, we derive the predictive probability of …

Statistical Methods For Personalized Treatment Selection And Survival Data Analysis Based On Observational Data With High-Dimensional Covariates., 2022 University of Louisville

#### Statistical Methods For Personalized Treatment Selection And Survival Data Analysis Based On Observational Data With High-Dimensional Covariates., Don Ramesh Dinendra Sudaraka Tholkage

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Due to the wide availability of functional data from multiple disciplines, the studies of functional data analysis have become popular in the recent literature. However, the related development in censored survival data has been relatively sparse. In Chapter 2, we consider the problem of analyzing time-to-event data in the presence of functional predictors. We develop a conditional generalized Kaplan Meier (KM) estimator that incorporates functional predictors using kernel weights and rigorously establishes its asymptotic properties. In addition, we propose to select the optimal bandwidth based on a time-dependent Brier score. We then carry out extensive numerical studies to examine the …

New Developments On The Estimability And The Estimation Of Phase-Type Actuarial Models, 2022 The University of Western Ontario

#### New Developments On The Estimability And The Estimation Of Phase-Type Actuarial Models, Cong Nie

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

This thesis studies the estimability and the estimation methods for two models based on Markov processes: the phase-type aging model (PTAM), which models the human aging process, and the discrete multivariate phase-type model (DMPTM), which can be used to model multivariate insurance claim processes.

The principal contributions of this thesis can be categorized into two areas. First, an objective measure of estimability is proposed to quantify estimability in the context of statistical models. Existing methods for assessing estimability require the subjective specification of thresholds, which potentially limits their usefulness. Unlike these methods, the proposed measure of estimability is objective. In …

Statistical Modeling Of Longitudinal Medical Cost Data, 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library

#### Statistical Modeling Of Longitudinal Medical Cost Data, Shikun Wang

*Dissertations & Theses (Open Access)*

Projecting the future cancer care cost is critical in health economics research and policy making. An indispensable step is to estimate cost trajectories from an incident cohort of cancer patients using longitudinal medical cost data, accounting for terminal events such as death, and right censoring due to loss of follow-up. Since the cost of cancer care and survival are correlated, a scientifically meaningful quantity for inference in this context is the mean cost trajectory conditional on survival. Many standard approaches for longitudinal and survival analysis are not valid for the problem. The research for my Ph.D. dissertation consists of three …

Factors Affecting Time To Recovery: A Covid-19 Survival Analysis, 2022 Northern Illinois University

#### Factors Affecting Time To Recovery: A Covid-19 Survival Analysis, Fernanda Montoya

*Honors Capstones*

This project is focused on the recovery rates of patients diagnosed with COVID-19 after different clinical trial drug treatments. Data for the clinical trial studied was obtained from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases for the primary purpose of a survival analysis on patient time to recovery under a placebo and therapeutic drug treatment. Specifically, patients in this clinical trial were randomly selected to receive remdesivir, an antiviral drug, in combination with a placebo or baricitinib, a janus kinase inhibitor drug. Cox PH models were used to identify how the different treatment drugs affect time to recovery and …