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Context-Aware Collaborative Neuro-Symbolic Inference In Internet Of Battlefield Things, Tarek Abdelzaher, Nathaniel D. Bastian, Susmit Jha, Lance Kaplan, Mani Srivastava, Venugopal Veeravalli 2022 Army Cyber Institute, U.S. Military Academy

Context-Aware Collaborative Neuro-Symbolic Inference In Internet Of Battlefield Things, Tarek Abdelzaher, Nathaniel D. Bastian, Susmit Jha, Lance Kaplan, Mani Srivastava, Venugopal Veeravalli

ACI Journal Articles

IoBTs must feature collaborative, context-aware, multi-modal fusion for real-time, robust decision-making in adversarial environments. The integration of machine learning (ML) models into IoBTs has been successful at solving these problems at a small scale (e.g., AiTR), but state-of-the-art ML models grow exponentially with increasing temporal and spatial scale of modeled phenomena, and can thus become brittle, untrustworthy, and vulnerable when interpreting large-scale tactical edge data. To address this challenge, we need to develop principles and methodologies for uncertainty-quantified neuro-symbolic ML, where learning and inference exploit symbolic knowledge and reasoning, in addition to, multi-modal and multi-vantage sensor data. The approach features …


(R1971) Analysis Of Feedback Queueing Model With Differentiated Vacations Under Classical Retrial Policy, Poonam Gupta, Naveen Kumar, Rajni Gupta 2022 Hindu Girls College, Sonipat (India)

(R1971) Analysis Of Feedback Queueing Model With Differentiated Vacations Under Classical Retrial Policy, Poonam Gupta, Naveen Kumar, Rajni Gupta

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

This paper analyzes an M/M/1 retrial queue under differentiated vacations and Bernoulli feedback policy. On receiving the service, if the customer is not satisfied, then he may join the retrial group again with some probability and demand for service or may leave the system with the complementary probability. Using the probability generating functions technique, the steady-state solutions of the system are obtained. Furthermore, we have obtained some of the important performance measures such as expected orbit length, expected length of the system, sojourn times and probability of server being in different states. Using MATLAB software, we have represented the graphical …


(R1984) Analysis Of M^[X1], M^[X2]/G1, G_2^(A,B)/1 Queue With Priority Services, Server Breakdown, Repair, Modified Bernoulli Vacation, Immediate Feedback, G. Ayyappan, S. Nithya, B. Somasundaram 2022 Puducherry Technological University

(R1984) Analysis Of M^[X1], M^[X2]/G1, G_2^(A,B)/1 Queue With Priority Services, Server Breakdown, Repair, Modified Bernoulli Vacation, Immediate Feedback, G. Ayyappan, S. Nithya, B. Somasundaram

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

In this investigation, the steady state analysis of two individualistic batch arrival queues with immediate feedback, modified Bernoulli vacation and server breakdown are introduced. Two different categories of customers like priority and ordinary are to be considered. This model propose nonpreemptive priority discipline. Ordinary and priority customers arrive as per Poisson processes. The server consistently afford single service for priority customers and the general bulk service for the ordinary customers and the service follows general distribution. The ordinary customers to be served only if the batch size should be greater than or equal to "a", else the server should not …


Statistical Roles Of The G-Expectation Framework In Model Uncertainty: The Semi-G-Structure As A Stepping Stone, Yifan Li 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Statistical Roles Of The G-Expectation Framework In Model Uncertainty: The Semi-G-Structure As A Stepping Stone, Yifan Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The G-expectation framework is a generalization of the classical probability system based on the sublinear expectation to deal with phenomena that cannot be described by a single probabilistic model. These phenomena are closely related to the long-existing concern about model uncertainty in statistics. However, the distributions and independence in the G-framework are quite different from the classical setup. These distinctions bring difficulty when applying the idea of this framework to general statistical practice. Therefore, a fundamental and unavoidable problem is how to better understand G-version concepts from a statistical perspective.

To explore this problem, this thesis establishes a new substructure …


(Si10-083) Approximate Controllability Of Infinite-Delayed Second-Order Stochastic Differential Inclusions Involving Non-Instantaneous Impulses, Shobha Yadav, Surendra Kumar 2022 University of Delhi

(Si10-083) Approximate Controllability Of Infinite-Delayed Second-Order Stochastic Differential Inclusions Involving Non-Instantaneous Impulses, Shobha Yadav, Surendra Kumar

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

This manuscript investigates a broad class of second-order stochastic differential inclusions consisting of infinite delay and non-instantaneous impulses in a Hilbert space setting. We first formulate a new collection of sufficient conditions that ensure the approximate controllability of the considered system. Next, to investigate our main findings, we utilize stochastic analysis, the fundamental solution, resolvent condition, and Dhage’s fixed point theorem for multi-valued maps. Finally, an application is presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the obtained results.


Public Acceptance Of Medical Screening Recommendations, Safety Risks, And Implied Liabilities Requirements For Space Flight Participation, Cory J. Trunkhill 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Public Acceptance Of Medical Screening Recommendations, Safety Risks, And Implied Liabilities Requirements For Space Flight Participation, Cory J. Trunkhill

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

The space tourism industry is preparing to send space flight participants on orbital and suborbital flights. Space flight participants are not professional astronauts and are not subject to the rules and guidelines covering space flight crewmembers. This research addresses public acceptance of current Federal Aviation Administration guidance and regulations as designated for civil participation in human space flight.

The research utilized an ordinal linear regression analysis of survey data to explore the public acceptance of the current medical screening recommended guidance and the regulations for safety risk and implied liability for space flight participation. Independent variables constituted participant demographic representations …


Machine Learning To Predict Warhead Fragmentation In-Flight Behavior From Static Data, Katharine Larsen 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Machine Learning To Predict Warhead Fragmentation In-Flight Behavior From Static Data, Katharine Larsen

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

Accurate characterization of fragment fly-out properties from high-speed warhead detonations is essential for estimation of collateral damage and lethality for a given weapon. Real warhead dynamic detonation tests are rare, costly, and often unrealizable with current technology, leaving fragmentation experiments limited to static arena tests and numerical simulations. Stereoscopic imaging techniques can now provide static arena tests with time-dependent tracks of individual fragments, each with characteristics such as fragment IDs and their respective position vector. Simulation methods can account for the dynamic case but can exclude relevant dynamics experienced in real-life warhead detonations. This research leverages machine learning methodologies to …


Application Of Probabilistic Ranking Systems On Women’S Junior Division Beach Volleyball, Cameron Stewart, Michael Mazel, Bivin Sadler 2022 Southern Methodist University

Application Of Probabilistic Ranking Systems On Women’S Junior Division Beach Volleyball, Cameron Stewart, Michael Mazel, Bivin Sadler

SMU Data Science Review

Women’s beach volleyball is one of the fastest growing collegiate sports today. The increase in popularity has come with an increase in valuable scholarship opportunities across the country. With thousands of athletes to sort through, college scouts depend on websites that aggregate tournament results and rank players nationally. This project partnered with the company Volleyball Life, who is the current market leader in the ranking space of junior beach volleyball players. Utilizing the tournament information provided by Volleyball Life, this study explored replacements to the current ranking systems, which are designed to aggregate player points from recent tournament placements. Three …


Random Walks In The Quarter Plane: Solvable Models With An Analytical Approach, Harshita Bali, Enrico Au-Yeung 2022 DePaul University

Random Walks In The Quarter Plane: Solvable Models With An Analytical Approach, Harshita Bali, Enrico Au-Yeung

DePaul Discoveries

Initially, an urn contains 3 blue balls and 1 red ball. A ball is randomly chosen from the urn. The ball is returned to the urn, together with one additional ball of the same type (red or blue). When the urn has twenty balls in it, what is the probability that exactly ten balls are blue? This is a model for a random process. This urn model has been extended in various ways and we consider some of these generalizations. Urn models can be formulated as random walks in the quarter plane. Our findings indicate that for a specific type …


New Developments On The Estimability And The Estimation Of Phase-Type Actuarial Models, Cong Nie 2022 The University of Western Ontario

New Developments On The Estimability And The Estimation Of Phase-Type Actuarial Models, Cong Nie

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis studies the estimability and the estimation methods for two models based on Markov processes: the phase-type aging model (PTAM), which models the human aging process, and the discrete multivariate phase-type model (DMPTM), which can be used to model multivariate insurance claim processes.

The principal contributions of this thesis can be categorized into two areas. First, an objective measure of estimability is proposed to quantify estimability in the context of statistical models. Existing methods for assessing estimability require the subjective specification of thresholds, which potentially limits their usefulness. Unlike these methods, the proposed measure of estimability is objective. In …


Rewriting The Rules For Diagnostics: Implications Of Probability And Measure Theory For Sars-Cov-2 Testing, Paul Patrone, Anthony Kearsley 2022 National Institute of Standards and Technology

Rewriting The Rules For Diagnostics: Implications Of Probability And Measure Theory For Sars-Cov-2 Testing, Paul Patrone, Anthony Kearsley

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Optimal Time-Dependent Classification For Diagnostic Testing, Prajakta P. Bedekar, Paul Patrone, Anthony Kearsley 2022 Johns Hopkins University

Optimal Time-Dependent Classification For Diagnostic Testing, Prajakta P. Bedekar, Paul Patrone, Anthony Kearsley

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Some Improved Markov Chain Convergence Rates, Fun Choi John Chan 2022 Clemson University

Some Improved Markov Chain Convergence Rates, Fun Choi John Chan

All Dissertations

Explicit convergence rates to equilibrium are established for non reversible Markov chains not having an atom via coupling methods. We consider two Markov chains having the same transition function but different initial conditions on the same probability space, that is, a coupling. A random time is constructed so that subsequent to the random time the two processes are identical. Exploiting a shadowing condition, we show that it is possible to bound the tail distribution of the random time using only one of the chains. This bound gives the convergence rate to equilibrium for the Markov chain. The method is then …


Advancements In Gaussian Process Learning For Uncertainty Quantification, John C. Nicholson 2022 Clemson University

Advancements In Gaussian Process Learning For Uncertainty Quantification, John C. Nicholson

All Dissertations

Gaussian processes are among the most useful tools in modeling continuous processes in machine learning and statistics. The research presented provides advancements in uncertainty quantification using Gaussian processes from two distinct perspectives. The first provides a more fundamental means of constructing Gaussian processes which take on arbitrary linear operator constraints in much more general framework than its predecessors, and the other from the perspective of calibration of state-aware parameters in computer models. If the value of a process is known at a finite collection of points, one may use Gaussian processes to construct a surface which interpolates these values to …


Favorite Programming Language Among Students, Anwar Jawhar, Akeisha Belgrave 2022 Harrisburg University of Science and Technology

Favorite Programming Language Among Students, Anwar Jawhar, Akeisha Belgrave

Harrisburg University Research Symposium

This project involves understanding the favorite programming language among students. I hypothesize that the favorite programming language will be Python. (Class Project)


Percentage Of Yellow Sour Patch Kids, Easton Kratzer, Sarah Baxter 2022 Harrisburg University of Science and Technology

Percentage Of Yellow Sour Patch Kids, Easton Kratzer, Sarah Baxter

Harrisburg University Research Symposium

After being given the Qualitative Research Project in Introduction to Statistics, I came up with the question asking what percentage of Sour Patch Kids are yellow. This resulted in me going through an entire bag and counting the amount of every color to figure out the percentages. (Class Project)


Preference For Violence By Gender, Ayrton Hall, Christian Watson, Akeisha Belgrave 2022 Harrisburg University of Science and Technology

Preference For Violence By Gender, Ayrton Hall, Christian Watson, Akeisha Belgrave

Harrisburg University Research Symposium

In our survey we asked students of HU what their favorite video games were as well as their favorite genre and most played game. We then analyzed the data to see how gender affects preference for violent games. (Class Project)


Anticipating Stochastic Integrals And Related Linear Stochastic Differential Equations, Sudip Sinha 2022 Louisiana State University

Anticipating Stochastic Integrals And Related Linear Stochastic Differential Equations, Sudip Sinha

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Itô’s stochastic calculus revolutionized the field of stochastic analysis and has found numerous applications in a wide variety of disciplines. Itô’s theory, even though quite general, cannot handle anticipating stochastic processes as integrands. There have been considerable efforts within the mathematical community to extend Itô’s calculus to account for anticipation. The Ayed–Kuo integral — introduced in 2008 — is one of the most recent developments. It is arguably the most accessible among the theories extending Itô’s calculus — relying solely on probabilistic methods. In this dissertation, we look at the recent advances in this area, highlighting our contributions. First, we …


General Stochastic Calculus And Applications, Pujan Shrestha 2022 Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA

General Stochastic Calculus And Applications, Pujan Shrestha

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In 1942, K. Itô published his pioneering paper on stochastic integration with respect to Brownian motion. This work led to the framework for Itô calculus. Note that, Itô calculus is limited in working with knowledge from the future. There have been many generalizations of the stochastic integral in being able to do so. In 2008, W. Ayed and H.-H. Kuo introduced a new stochastic integral by splitting the integrand into the adaptive part and the counterpart called instantly independent. In this doctoral work, we conduct deeper research into the Ayed–Kuo stochastic integral and corresponding anticipating stochastic calculus.

We provide a …


Intra-Hour Solar Forecasting Using Cloud Dynamics Features Extracted From Ground-Based Infrared Sky Images, Guillermo Terrén-Serrano 2022 University of New Mexico

Intra-Hour Solar Forecasting Using Cloud Dynamics Features Extracted From Ground-Based Infrared Sky Images, Guillermo Terrén-Serrano

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

Due to the increasing use of photovoltaic systems, power grids are vulnerable to the projection of shadows from moving clouds. An intra-hour solar forecast provides power grids with the capability of automatically controlling the dispatch of energy, reducing the additional cost for a guaranteed, reliable supply of energy (i.e., energy storage). This dissertation introduces a novel sky imager consisting of a long-wave radiometric infrared camera and a visible light camera with a fisheye lens. The imager is mounted on a solar tracker to maintain the Sun in the center of the images throughout the day, reducing the scattering effect produced …


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