Role Of Inhibition And Spiking Variability In Ortho- And Retronasal Olfactory Processing, 2022 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Role Of Inhibition And Spiking Variability In Ortho- And Retronasal Olfactory Processing, Michelle F. Craft

*Theses and Dissertations*

Odor perception is the impetus for important animal behaviors, most pertinently for feeding, but also for mating and communication. There are two predominate modes of odor processing: odors pass through the front of nose (**ortho**) while inhaling and sniffing, or through the rear (**retro**) during exhalation and while eating and drinking. Despite the importance of olfaction for an animal’s well-being and specifically that ortho and retro naturally occur, it is unknown whether the modality (ortho versus retro) is transmitted to cortical brain regions, which could significantly instruct how odors are processed. Prior imaging studies show different …

Hidden Symmetries Of The Kepler Problem, 2022 Bard College

#### Hidden Symmetries Of The Kepler Problem, Julia Kathryn Sheffler

*Senior Projects Spring 2022*

The orbits of planets can be described by solving Kepler’s problem which considers the motion due to by gravity (or any inverse square force law). The solutions to Kepler’s problem, for energies less then 0, are ellipses, with a few conserved quantities: energy, angular momentum and the Laplace-Runge-Lenz (LRL) vector. Each conserved quantity corresponds to symmetries of the system via N ̈other’s theorem. Energy conservation relates to time translations and angular momentum to three dimensional rotations. The symmetry related to the LRL vector is more difficult to visualize since it lives in phase space rather than configuration space. To understand …

An Integration Of Art And Mathematics, 2022 Central Washington University

#### An Integration Of Art And Mathematics, Henry Jaakola

*Undergraduate Honors Theses*

Mathematics and art are seemingly unrelated fields, requiring different skills and mindsets. Indeed, these disciplines may be difficult to understand for those not immersed in the field. Through art, math can be more relatable and understandable, and with math, art can be imbued with a different kind of order and structure. This project explores the intersection and integration of math and art, and culminates in a physical interdisciplinary product. Using the Padovan Sequence of numbers as a theoretical basis, two artworks are created with different media and designs, yielding unique results. Through these pieces, the order and beauty of number …

Analyzing Marriage Statistics As Recorded In The Journal Of The American Statistical Association From 1889 To 2012, 2022 Claremont Colleges

#### Analyzing Marriage Statistics As Recorded In The Journal Of The American Statistical Association From 1889 To 2012, Annalee Soohoo

*CMC Senior Theses*

The United States has been tracking American marriage statistics since its founding. According to the United States Census Bureau, “marital status and marital history data help federal agencies understand marriage trends, forecast future needs of programs that have spousal benefits, and measure the effects of policies and programs that focus on the well-being of families, including tax policies and financial assistance programs.”[1] With such a wide scope of applications, it is understandable why marriage statistics are so highly studied and well-documented.

This thesis will analyze American marriage patterns over the past 100 years as documented in the *Journal of …*

Realtime Event Detection In Sports Sensor Data With Machine Learning, 2022 University of New Hampshire, Durham

#### Realtime Event Detection In Sports Sensor Data With Machine Learning, Mallory Cashman

*Honors Theses and Capstones*

Machine learning models can be trained to classify time series based sports motion data, without reliance on assumptions about the capabilities of the users or sensors. This can be applied to predict the count of occurrences of an event in a time period. The experiment for this research uses lacrosse data, collected in partnership with SPAITR - a UNH undergraduate startup developing motion tracking devices for lacrosse. Decision Tree and Support Vector Machine (SVM) models are trained and perform with high success rates. These models improve upon previous work in human motion event detection and can be used a reference …

Decoding Cyclic Codes Via Gröbner Bases, 2022 Colby College

#### Decoding Cyclic Codes Via Gröbner Bases, Eduardo Sosa

*Honors Theses*

In this paper, we analyze the decoding of cyclic codes. First, we introduce linear and cyclic codes, standard decoding processes, and some standard theorems in coding theory. Then, we will introduce Gr¨obner Bases, and describe their connection to the decoding of cyclic codes. Finally, we go in-depth into how we decode cyclic codes using the key equation, and how a breakthrough by A. Brinton Cooper on decoding BCH codes using Gr¨obner Bases gave rise to the search for a polynomial-time algorithm that could someday decode any cyclic code. We discuss the different approaches taken toward developing such an algorithm and …

Rock Paintings, 2022 Old Dominion University

#### Rock Paintings, John Adam

*Mathematics & Statistics Faculty Publications*

No abstract provided.

Reinforcement Learning: Low Discrepancy Action Selection For Continuous States And Actions, 2022 Georgia Southern University

#### Reinforcement Learning: Low Discrepancy Action Selection For Continuous States And Actions, Jedidiah Lindborg

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

In reinforcement learning the process of selecting an action during the exploration or exploitation stage is difficult to optimize. The purpose of this thesis is to create an action selection process for an agent by employing a low discrepancy action selection (LDAS) method. This should allow the agent to quickly determine the utility of its actions by prioritizing actions that are dissimilar to ones that it has already picked. In this way the learning process should be faster for the agent and result in more optimal policies.

Lie-Derivations Of Three-Dimensional Non-Lie Leibniz Algebras, 2021 Georgia College and State University

#### Lie-Derivations Of Three-Dimensional Non-Lie Leibniz Algebras, Emily H. Belanger

*Rose-Hulman Undergraduate Mathematics Journal*

The concept of Lie-derivation was recently introduced as a generalization of the notion of derivations for non-Lie Leibniz algebras. In this project, we determine the Lie algebras of Lie-derivations of all three-dimensional non-Lie Leibniz algebras. As a result of our calculations, we make conjectures on the basis of the Lie algebra of derivations of Lie-solvable non-Lie Leibniz algebras.

An Intrinsic Proof Of An Extension Of Itô’S Isometry For Anticipating Stochastic Integrals, 2021 Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA

#### An Intrinsic Proof Of An Extension Of Itô’S Isometry For Anticipating Stochastic Integrals, Hui-Hsiung Kuo, Pujan Shrestha, Sudip Sinha

*Journal of Stochastic Analysis*

No abstract provided.

An Algorithm For Biobjective Mixed Integer Quadratic Programs, 2021 Clemson University

#### An Algorithm For Biobjective Mixed Integer Quadratic Programs, Pubudu Jayasekara Merenchige

*All Dissertations*

Multiobjective quadratic programs (MOQPs) are appealing since convex quadratic programs have elegant mathematical properties and model important applications. Adding mixed-integer variables extends their applicability while the resulting programs become global optimization problems. Thus, in this work, we develop a branch and bound (BB) algorithm for solving biobjective mixed-integer quadratic programs (BOMIQPs). An algorithm of this type does not exist in the literature.

The algorithm relies on five fundamental components of the BB scheme: calculating an initial set of efficient solutions with associated Pareto points, solving node problems, fathoming, branching, and set dominance. Considering the properties of the Pareto set of …

Decisive Neutrality, Restricted Decisive Neutrality, And Split Decisive Neutrality On Median Semilattices And Median Graphs., 2021 University of Louisville

#### Decisive Neutrality, Restricted Decisive Neutrality, And Split Decisive Neutrality On Median Semilattices And Median Graphs., Ulf Högnäs

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Consensus functions on finite median semilattices and finite median graphs are studied from an axiomatic point of view. We start with a new axiomatic characterization of majority rule on a large class of median semilattices we call sufficient. A key axiom in this result is the restricted decisive neutrality condition. This condition is a restricted version of the more well-known axiom of decisive neutrality given in [4]. Our theorem is an extension of the main result given in [7]. Another main result is a complete characterization of the class of consensus on a finite median semilattice that satisfies the axioms …

Symmetric Representations Of Finite Groups And Related Topics, 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

#### Symmetric Representations Of Finite Groups And Related Topics, Connie Corona

*Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations*

In this thesis, we have presented our discovery of original symmetric presentations of a number of non-abelian simple groups, including several sporatic groups, linear groups, and classical groups.

We have constructed, using our technique of double coset enumeration, J2, M_{12}, J_{1}, PSU(3, 3):2, M_{11}, A_{10}, S(4,3), M_{22}:2, PSL(3, 4), S_{6}, 2:S_{5}, 2:PSL(3, 4) as homomorphic images of the involutory progenitors 2^{*32}:(2^{5}:A_{5}), 2^{*110}: PSL(2, 11), 2^{*5}:A_{5}, 3^{*4}:D_{8}, 2^{*110}:PSL(2, 11), …

Measure And Integration, 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

#### Measure And Integration, Jeonghwan Lee

*Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations*

Measure and Integral are important when dealing with abstract spaces such as function spaces and probability spaces. This thesis will cover Lebesgue Measure and Lebesgue integral. The Lebesgue integral is a generalized theory of Riemann integral learned in mathematics. The Riemann integral is centered on the domain of the function, but the Lebesgue integral is different in that it is centered on the range of the function, and uses the basic concept of analysis. Measure and integral have widely applied not only to mathematics but also to other fields.

Connecting People To Food: A Network Approach To Alleviating Food Deserts, 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Connecting People To Food: A Network Approach To Alleviating Food Deserts, Anna Sisk

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Covariant Ergodic Quantum Markov Semigroups Via Systems Of Imprimitivity, 2021 Army Research Laboratory Adelphi, MD, 20783 USA

#### Covariant Ergodic Quantum Markov Semigroups Via Systems Of Imprimitivity, Radhakrishnan Balu

*Journal of Stochastic Analysis*

No abstract provided.

De Finetti’S Theorem In Categorical Probability, 2021 University of Innsbruck, Austria

#### De Finetti’S Theorem In Categorical Probability, Tobias Fritz, Tomáš Gonda, Paolo Perrone

*Journal of Stochastic Analysis*

No abstract provided.

Splitting-Up Technique And Cubic Spline Approximations For Solving Modified Coupled Burgers' Equations, 2021 Faculty of Engineering, University of Aden

#### Splitting-Up Technique And Cubic Spline Approximations For Solving Modified Coupled Burgers' Equations, Anwar Abdulla Bassaif

*Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences*

In this paper, a finite difference scheme based on the splitting-up technique and cubic spline approximations is developed for solving modified coupled Burgers' equations. The accuracy and stability of the scheme have been analyzed. It is found that the scheme is of first-order accuracy in time and second-order accuracy in space direction and is unconditionally stable. The numerical results are obtained with severe/moderate gradients in the initial and boundary conditions and the steady state solutions are plotted for different values of given parameters. It is concluded that the resulting scheme produces satisfactory results, even in the case of very severe …

A Clark-Ocone Type Formula Via Itô Calculus And Its Application To Finance, 2021 Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-8345, Japan

#### A Clark-Ocone Type Formula Via Itô Calculus And Its Application To Finance, Takuji Arai, Ryoichi Suzuki

*Journal of Stochastic Analysis*

No abstract provided.

Algorithmic Correspondence For Relevance Logics, Bunched Implication Logics, And Relation Algebras Via An Implementation Of The Algorithm Pearl, 2021 University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

#### Algorithmic Correspondence For Relevance Logics, Bunched Implication Logics, And Relation Algebras Via An Implementation Of The Algorithm Pearl, Willem Conradie, Valentin Goranko, Peter Jipsen

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

The non-deterministic algorithmic procedure PEARL (acronym for ‘Propositional variables Elimination Algorithm for Relevance Logic’) has been recently developed for computing first-order equivalents of formulas of the language of relevance logics LR in terms of the standard Routley-Meyer relational semantics. It succeeds on a large class of axioms of relevance logics, including all so called inductive formulas. In the present work we re-interpret PEARL from an algebraic perspective, with its rewrite rules seen as manipulating quasi-inequalities interpreted over Urquhart’s relevant algebras, and report on its recent Python implementation. We also show that all formulae on which PEARL succeeds are canonical, i.e., …