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The State And Use Of Virtual Tutors, Thomas Anthone 2023 University of Nebraska at Omaha

The State And Use Of Virtual Tutors, Thomas Anthone

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

Virtual tutoring is the process by which students and teachers participate in the learning experience in an online, virtual, or networked environment. This process can not only separate the participants from each other in a physical space, but it can also separate them by time. Virtual tutoring can take the form of the group of students coming together synchronously in an online setting and receiving lessons from a single tutor, or by asynchronous learning in which the teacher pre-plans lessons in advance that the students consume on their own time. The advent of online learning technologies and virtual learning environments …


From Deep Mutational Mapping Of Allosteric Protein Landscapes To Deep Learning Of Allostery And Hidden Allosteric Sites: Zooming In On “Allosteric Intersection” Of Biochemical And Big Data Approaches, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Mohammed Alshahrani, Grace Gupta, Sian Xiao, Peng Tao 2023 Chapman University

From Deep Mutational Mapping Of Allosteric Protein Landscapes To Deep Learning Of Allostery And Hidden Allosteric Sites: Zooming In On “Allosteric Intersection” Of Biochemical And Big Data Approaches, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Mohammed Alshahrani, Grace Gupta, Sian Xiao, Peng Tao

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

The recent advances in artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning have driven the design of new expert systems and automated workflows that are able to model complex chemical and biological phenomena. In recent years, machine learning approaches have been developed and actively deployed to facilitate computational and experimental studies of protein dynamics and allosteric mechanisms. In this review, we discuss in detail new developments along two major directions of allosteric research through the lens of data-intensive biochemical approaches and AI-based computational methods. Despite considerable progress in applications of AI methods for protein structure and dynamics studies, the intersection between allosteric …


Counterventions: A Reparative Reflection On Interventionist Hci, Rua Mae Williams, LouAnne E. Boyd, Juan E. Gilbert 2023 Purdue University

Counterventions: A Reparative Reflection On Interventionist Hci, Rua Mae Williams, Louanne E. Boyd, Juan E. Gilbert

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Research in HCI applied to clinical interventions relies on normative assumptions about which bodies and minds are healthy, valuable, and desirable. To disrupt this normalizing drive in HCI, we define a “counterventional approach” to intervention technology design informed by critical scholarship and community perspectives. This approach is meant to unsettle normative assumptions of intervention as urgent, necessary, and curative. We begin with a historical overview of intervention in HCI and its critics. Then, through reparative readings of past HCI projects in autism intervention, we illustrate the emergent principles of a counterventional approach and how it may manifest research outcomes that …


Interpretable Learning In Multivariate Big Data Analysis For Network Monitoring, José Camacho, Rasmus Bro, David Kotz 2023 University of Granada

Interpretable Learning In Multivariate Big Data Analysis For Network Monitoring, José Camacho, Rasmus Bro, David Kotz

Dartmouth Scholarship

There is an increasing interest in the development of new data-driven models useful to assess the performance of communication networks. For many applications, like network monitoring and troubleshooting, a data model is of little use if it cannot be interpreted by a human operator. In this paper, we present an extension of the Multivariate Big Data Analysis (MBDA) methodology, a recently proposed interpretable data analysis tool. In this extension, we propose a solution to the automatic derivation of features, a cornerstone step for the application of MBDA when the amount of data is massive. The resulting network monitoring approach allows …


A Graphical User Interface Using Spatiotemporal Interpolation To Determine Fine Particulate Matter Values In The United States, Kelly M. Entrekin 2023 Georgia Southern University

A Graphical User Interface Using Spatiotemporal Interpolation To Determine Fine Particulate Matter Values In The United States, Kelly M. Entrekin

Honors College Theses

Fine particulate matter or PM2.5 can be described as a pollution particle that has a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or smaller. These pollution particle values are measured by monitoring sites installed across the United States throughout the year. While these values are helpful, a lot of areas are not accounted for as scientists are not able to measure all of the United States. Some of these unmeasured regions could be reaching high PM2.5 values over time without being aware of it. These high values can be dangerous by causing or worsening health conditions, such as cardiovascular and lung diseases. Within …


Incel Bonding: Masculinity And Storytelling In Online Misogynist Spaces, Gunnar Eastman 2023 University of Maine - Main

Incel Bonding: Masculinity And Storytelling In Online Misogynist Spaces, Gunnar Eastman

Honors College

The incel subculture, short for “involuntary celibate,” is one that exists mostly online, but boasts a relatively large number of dedicated members. The goal of this research is to determine how the incel subculture shares their ideology and develops a sense of group identity. The study reviewed 76 threads of posts across two incel forum websites, and was able to conduct three interviews of members from one of those sites. That content was analyzed iteratively for cohesive themes. Several themes emerged, chief among them was the activity of storytelling, which appeared to be done in three different major ways, with …


Chatgpt As Metamorphosis Designer For The Future Of Artificial Intelligence (Ai): A Conceptual Investigation, Amarjit Kumar Singh (Library Assistant), Dr. Pankaj Mathur (Deputy Librarian) 2023 Central University of South Bihar, Panchanpur, Gaya, Bihar

Chatgpt As Metamorphosis Designer For The Future Of Artificial Intelligence (Ai): A Conceptual Investigation, Amarjit Kumar Singh (Library Assistant), Dr. Pankaj Mathur (Deputy Librarian)

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this research paper is to explore ChatGPT’s potential as an innovative designer tool for the future development of artificial intelligence. Specifically, this conceptual investigation aims to analyze ChatGPT’s capabilities as a tool for designing and developing near about human intelligent systems for futuristic used and developed in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Also with the helps of this paper, researchers are analyzed the strengths and weaknesses of ChatGPT as a tool, and identify possible areas for improvement in its development and implementation. This investigation focused on the various features and functions of ChatGPT that …


Créativité Assistée Par Ordinateur : Composer La Musique D'Un Film En Utilisant Uniquement Sa Courbe De Luminosité Extraite Automatiquement, Felipe Ariani, Marcelo Caetano, Javier Elipe Gimeno, Ivan Magrin-Chagnolleau 2023 Aix-Marseille University

Créativité Assistée Par Ordinateur : Composer La Musique D'Un Film En Utilisant Uniquement Sa Courbe De Luminosité Extraite Automatiquement, Felipe Ariani, Marcelo Caetano, Javier Elipe Gimeno, Ivan Magrin-Chagnolleau

Presidential Fellows Articles and Research

Dès sa conception, l'ordinateur a trouvé des applications pour accompagner la créativité des humains. De nos jours, le débat sur les ordinateurs et la créativité implique plusieurs défis, tels que comprendre la créativité humaine, modéliser le processus créatif, et programmer l'ordinateur pour qu'il présente un comportement qui semble être créatif dans une certaine mesure. Dans cet article, nous nous intéressons à la manière dont l'ordinateur peut être utilisé comme un outil favorisant la créativité dans une composition musicale. Nous avons extrait automatiquement la courbe de luminosité d'un film muet et l'avons ensuite utilisée pour composer une pièce musicale pour accompagner …


Data Science Transfer Pathways From Associate's To Bachelor's Programs, Benjamin S. Baumer, Nicholas J. Horton 2023 Smith College

Data Science Transfer Pathways From Associate's To Bachelor's Programs, Benjamin S. Baumer, Nicholas J. Horton

Statistical and Data Sciences: Faculty Publications

A substantial fraction of students who complete their college education at a public university in the United States begin their journey at one of the 935 public 2-year colleges. While the number of 4-year colleges offering bachelor’s degrees in data science continues to increase, data science instruction at many 2-year colleges lags behind. A major impediment is the relative paucity of introductory data science courses that serve multiple student audiences and can easily transfer. In addition, the lack of predefined transfer pathways (or articulation agreements) for data science creates a growing disconnect that leaves students who want to study data …


Completeness Of Nominal Props, Samuel Balco, Alexander Kurz 2023 Runtime Verication Inc.

Completeness Of Nominal Props, Samuel Balco, Alexander Kurz

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

We introduce nominal string diagrams as string diagrams internal in the category of nominal sets. This leads us to define nominal PROPs and nominal monoidal theories. We show that the categories of ordinary PROPs and nominal PROPs are equivalent. This equivalence is then extended to symmetric monoidal theories and nominal monoidal theories, which allows us to transfer completeness results between ordinary and nominal calculi for string diagrams.


Enabling Dapps Data Exchange With Hardware-Assisted Secure Oracle Network, Yue Li 2023 University of Kentucky

Enabling Dapps Data Exchange With Hardware-Assisted Secure Oracle Network, Yue Li

Theses and Dissertations--Computer Science

Decentralized applications (dApps), enabled by the blockchain and smart contract technology, are known for allowing distrustful parties to execute business logic without relying on a central authority. Compared to regular applications, dApps offer a wide range of benefits, including security by design, trustless transactions, and resistance to censorship. However, dApps need to access real-world data to achieve their full potential, relying on the data oracles. Oracles act as bridges between blockchains and the outside world, providing essential data to the smart contracts that power dApps. A significant challenge in integrating oracles into the dApp ecosystem is the Oracle Problem …


Robots Still Outnumber Humans In Web Archives In 2019, But Less Than In 2012, Himarsha R. Jayanetti, Kritika Garg, Sawood Alam, Michael L. Nelson, Michele C. Weigle 2023 Old Dominion University

Robots Still Outnumber Humans In Web Archives In 2019, But Less Than In 2012, Himarsha R. Jayanetti, Kritika Garg, Sawood Alam, Michael L. Nelson, Michele C. Weigle

College of Sciences Posters

To identify robots and human users in web archives, we conducted a study using the access logs from the Internet Archive’s (IA) Wayback Machine in 2012 (IA2012), 2015 (IA2015), and 2019 (IA2019), and the Portuguese Web Archive (PT) in 2019 (PT2019). We identified user sessions in the access logs and classified them as human or robot based on their browsing behavior. In 2013, AlNoamany et al. [1] studied the user access patterns using IA access logs from 2012. They established four web archive user access patterns: single-page access (Dip), access to the same page at multiple archive times (Dive), access …


Adhd Prediction Through Analysis Of Eye Movements With Graph Convolution Network, Gavindya Jayawardena, Sampath Jayarathna, Yi He 2023 Old Dominion University

Adhd Prediction Through Analysis Of Eye Movements With Graph Convolution Network, Gavindya Jayawardena, Sampath Jayarathna, Yi He

College of Sciences Posters

Processing speech with background noise requires appropriate parsing of the distorted auditory signal, fundamental language abilities as well as higher signal-to-noise ratio. Adolescents with ADHD have difficulty processing speech with background noise due to reduced inhibitory control and working memory capacity. In this study we utilize Audiovisual Speech-In-Noise performance and eye-tracking measures of young adults with ADHD compared to age-matched controls, and generate graphs for ADHD evaluation using the eye-tracking data. We form graphs utilizing the eight eye-tracking features (fixation count, average, total, and standard deviation of fixation duration, max and min saccade peak velocity, min, average, and standard deviation …


A Novel Parking Management In Smart City Vehicular Datacenters, Syed Rizvi, Susan Zehra, Steven Olariu 2023 Old Dominion University

A Novel Parking Management In Smart City Vehicular Datacenters, Syed Rizvi, Susan Zehra, Steven Olariu

College of Sciences Posters

Researchers have shown that most vehicles spend the majority of their time parked in parking garages, lots, or driveways. During this time, their computing resources are unused and untapped. This has led to substantial interest in Vehicular Cloud, an area of research in which each vehicle acts as a computation node. The main difference between traditional cloud computing and vehicular cloud computing is the availability of nodes. In traditional clouds, nodes are available 24/7, while in vehicular clouds, nodes (vehicles) are only available while parked in parking lots. This creates a dynamic environment as vehicles enter and exit parking garages …


Scalable Quantum Edge Detection Method For D-Nisq Imaging Simulations: Use Cases From Nuclear Physics And Medical Image Computing, Emmanuel Billias, Nikos Chrisochoides 2023 Old Dominion University

Scalable Quantum Edge Detection Method For D-Nisq Imaging Simulations: Use Cases From Nuclear Physics And Medical Image Computing, Emmanuel Billias, Nikos Chrisochoides

The Graduate School Posters

Edge Detection is one of the computationally intensive modules in image analysis. It is used to find important landmarks by identifying a significant change (or “edge”) between pixels and voxels. We present a hybrid Quantum Edge Detection method by improving three aspects of an existing widely referenced implementation, which for our use cases generates incomprehensible results for the type and size of images we are required to process. Our contributions are in the pre- and post-processing (i.e., classical phase) and a quantum edge detection circuit: (1) we use space- filling curves to eliminate image artifacts introduced by the image decomposition, …


Metaenhance: Metadata Quality Improvement For Electronic Theses And Dissertations, Muntabir H. Choudhury, Lamia Salsabil, Himarsha R. Jayanetti, Jian Wu 2023 Old Dominion University

Metaenhance: Metadata Quality Improvement For Electronic Theses And Dissertations, Muntabir H. Choudhury, Lamia Salsabil, Himarsha R. Jayanetti, Jian Wu

College of Sciences Posters

Metadata quality is crucial for digital objects to be discovered through digital library interfaces. Although DL systems have adopted Dublin Core to standardize metadata formats (e.g., ETD-MS v1.11), the metadata of digital objects may contain incomplete, inconsistent, and incorrect values [1]. Most existing frameworks to improve metadata quality rely on crowdsourced correction approaches, e.g., [2]. Such methods are usually slow and biased toward documents that are more discoverable by users. Artificial intelligence (AI) based methods can be adopted to overcome this limit by automatically detecting, correcting, and canonicalizing the metadata, featuring quick and unbiased responses to document metadata. …


X-Disetrac: Distributed Eye-Tracking With Extended Realities, Bhanuka Mahanama, Sampath Jayarathna 2023 Old Dominion University

X-Disetrac: Distributed Eye-Tracking With Extended Realities, Bhanuka Mahanama, Sampath Jayarathna

College of Sciences Posters

Humans use heterogeneous collaboration mediums such as in-person, online, and extended realities for day-to-day activities. Identifying patterns in viewpoints and pupillary responses (a.k.a eye-tracking data) provide informative cues on individual and collective behavior during collaborative tasks. Despite the increasing ubiquity of these different mediums, the aggregation and analysis of eye-tracking data in heterogeneous collaborative environments remain unexplored. Our study proposes X-DisETrac: Extended Distributed Eye Tracking, a versatile framework for eye tracking in heterogeneous environments. Our approach tackles the complexity by establishing a platform-agnostic communication protocol encompassing three data streams to simplify data aggregation and …


Murder On The Vr Express: Studying The Impact Of Thought Experiments At A Distance In Virtual Reality, Andrew Kissel, Krzysztof J. Rechowicz, John B. Shull 2023 Old Dominion University

Murder On The Vr Express: Studying The Impact Of Thought Experiments At A Distance In Virtual Reality, Andrew Kissel, Krzysztof J. Rechowicz, John B. Shull

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Hypothetical thought experiments allow researchers to gain insights into widespread moral intuitions and provide opportunities for individuals to explore their moral commitments. Previous thought experiment studies in virtual reality (VR) required participants to come to an on-site laboratory, which possibly restricted the study population, introduced an observer effect, and made internal reflection on the participants’ part more difficult. These shortcomings are particularly crucial today, as results from such studies are increasingly impacting the development of artificial intelligence systems, self-driving cars, and other technologies. This paper explores the viability of deploying thought experiments in commercially available in-home VR headsets. We conducted …


A Secure And Distributed Architecture For Vehicular Cloud And Protocols For Privacy-Preserving Message Dissemination In Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks, Hassan Mistareehi 2023 University of Kentucky

A Secure And Distributed Architecture For Vehicular Cloud And Protocols For Privacy-Preserving Message Dissemination In Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks, Hassan Mistareehi

Theses and Dissertations--Computer Science

Given the enormous interest in self-driving cars, Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs) are likely to be widely deployed in the near future. Cloud computing is also gaining widespread deployment. Marriage between cloud computing and VANETs would help solve many of the needs of drivers, law enforcement agencies, traffic management, etc. The contributions of this dissertation are summarized as follows: A Secure and Distributed Architecture for Vehicular Cloud: Ensuring security and privacy is an important issue in the vehicular cloud; if information exchanged between entities is modified by a malicious vehicle, serious consequences such as traffic congestion and accidents can …


Scene Representation And Matching For Visual Localization In Hybrid Camera Scenarios, Marcela A. Mera Trujillo 2023 West Virginia University

Scene Representation And Matching For Visual Localization In Hybrid Camera Scenarios, Marcela A. Mera Trujillo

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Scene representation and matching are crucial steps in a variety of tasks ranging from 3D reconstruction to virtual/augmented/mixed reality applications, to robotics, and others. While approaches exist that tackle these tasks, they mostly overlook the issue of efficiency in the scene representation, which is fundamental in resource-constrained systems and for increasing computing speed. Also, they normally assume the use of projective cameras, while performance on systems based on other camera geometries remains suboptimal. This dissertation contributes with a new efficient scene representation method that dramatically reduces the number of 3D points. The approach sets up an optimization problem for the …


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