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The Aim To Decentralize Economic Systems With Blockchains And Crypto, Mary Lacity 2024 The Sam M. Walton College of Business at the University of Arkansas

The Aim To Decentralize Economic Systems With Blockchains And Crypto, Mary Lacity

Arkansas Law Review

As an information systems (“IS”) professor, I wrote this Article for legal professionals new to blockchains and crypto. This target audience likely is most interested in crypto for its legal implications—depending on whether it functions as currencies, securities, commodities, or properties; however, legal professionals also need to understand crypto’s origin, how transactions work, and how they are governed.


Enhancing Urban Life: A Policy-Based Autonomic Smart City Management System For Efficient, Sustainable, And Self-Adaptive Urban Environments, Elham Okhovat 2023 Western University

Enhancing Urban Life: A Policy-Based Autonomic Smart City Management System For Efficient, Sustainable, And Self-Adaptive Urban Environments, Elham Okhovat

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis proposes the concept of the Policy-based Autonomic Smart City Management System, an innovative framework designed to comprehensively manage diverse aspects of urban environments, ranging from environmental conditions such as temperature and air quality to the infrastructure which comprises multiple layers of infrastructure, from sensors and devices to advanced IoT platforms and applications. Efficient management requires continuous monitoring of devices and infrastructure, data analysis, and real-time resource assessment to ensure seamless city operations and improve residents' quality of life. Automating data monitoring is essential due to the vast array of hardware and data exchanges, and round-the-clock monitoring is critical. …


A Conceptual Decentralized Identity Solution For State Government, Martin Duclos 2023 Mississippi State University

A Conceptual Decentralized Identity Solution For State Government, Martin Duclos

Theses and Dissertations

In recent years, state governments, exemplified by Mississippi, have significantly expanded their online service offerings to reduce costs and improve efficiency. However, this shift has led to challenges in managing digital identities effectively, with multiple fragmented solutions in use. This paper proposes a Self-Sovereign Identity (SSI) framework based on distributed ledger technology. SSI grants individuals control over their digital identities, enhancing privacy and security without relying on a centralized authority. The contributions of this research include increased efficiency, improved privacy and security, enhanced user satisfaction, and reduced costs in state government digital identity management. The paper provides background on digital …


Pollutant Forecasting Using Neural Network-Based Temporal Models, Richard Pike 2023 Western Kentucky University

Pollutant Forecasting Using Neural Network-Based Temporal Models, Richard Pike

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The Jing-Jin-Ji region of China is a highly industrialized and populated area of the country. Its periodic high pollution and smog includes particles smaller than 2.5 μm, known as PM2.5, linked to many respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses. PM2.5 concentration around Jing-Jin-Ji has exceeded China’s urban air quality safety threshold for over 20% of all days in 2017 through 2020.

The quantity of ground weather stations that measure the concentrations of these pollutants, and their valuable data, is unfortunately small. By employing many machine learning strategies, many researchers have focused on interpolating finer spatial grids of PM2.5, or hindcasting PM2.5. However, …


Remote Side-Channel Disassembly On Field-Programmable Gate Arrays, Brandon R. Baggett 2023 University of South Alabama

Remote Side-Channel Disassembly On Field-Programmable Gate Arrays, Brandon R. Baggett

Theses and Dissertations

Over the last two decades, side-channel vulnerabilities have shown to be a major threat to embedded devices. Most side-channel research has developed our understanding of the vulnerabilities to cryptographic devices due to their implementation and how we can protect them. However, side-channel leakage can yield useful information about many other processes that run on the device. One promising area that has received little attention is the side-channel leakage due to the execution of assembly instructions. There has been some work in this area that has demonstrated the idea’s potential, but so far, this research has assumed the adversary has physical …


Towards Expressive And Versatile Visualization-As-A-Service (Vaas), Tanner C. Hobson 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Towards Expressive And Versatile Visualization-As-A-Service (Vaas), Tanner C. Hobson

Doctoral Dissertations

The rapid growth of data in scientific visualization has posed significant challenges to the scalability and availability of interactive visualization tools. These challenges can be largely attributed to the limitations of traditional monolithic applications in handling large datasets and accommodating multiple users or devices. To address these issues, the Visualization-as-a-Service (VaaS) architecture has emerged as a promising solution. VaaS leverages cloud-based visualization capabilities to provide on-demand and cost-effective interactive visualization. Existing VaaS has been simplistic by design with focuses on task-parallelism with single-user-per-device tasks for predetermined visualizations. This dissertation aims to extend the capabilities of VaaS by exploring data-parallel visualization …


Deep Learning For Photovoltaic Characterization, Adrian Manuel de Luis Garcia 2023 University of Arkansas-Fayetteville

Deep Learning For Photovoltaic Characterization, Adrian Manuel De Luis Garcia

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis introduces a novel approach to Photovoltaic (PV) installation segmentation by proposing a new architecture to understand and identify PV modules from overhead imagery. Pivotal to this concept is the creation of a new Transformer-based network, S3Former, which focuses on small object characterization and modelling intra- and inter- object differentiation inside an image. Accurate mapping of PV installations is pivotal for understanding their adoption and guiding energy policy decisions. Drawing insights from current Deep Learning methodologies for image segmentation and building upon State-of-the-Art (SOTA) techniques in solar cell mapping, this work puts forth S3Former with the following enhancements: 1. …


Towards Long-Term Fairness In Sequential Decision Making, Yaowei Hu 2023 University of Arkansas-Fayetteville

Towards Long-Term Fairness In Sequential Decision Making, Yaowei Hu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the development of artificial intelligence, automated decision-making systems are increasingly integrated into various applications, such as hiring, loans, education, recommendation systems, and more. These machine learning algorithms are expected to facilitate faster, more accurate, and impartial decision-making compared to human judgments. Nevertheless, these expectations are not always met in practice due to biased training data, leading to discriminatory outcomes. In contemporary society, countering discrimination has become a consensus among people, leading the EU and the US to enact laws and regulations that prohibit discrimination based on factors such as gender, age, race, and religion. Consequently, addressing algorithmic discrimination has …


Optimizing Collective Communication For Scalable Scientific Computing And Deep Learning, Jiali Li 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Optimizing Collective Communication For Scalable Scientific Computing And Deep Learning, Jiali Li

Doctoral Dissertations

In the realm of distributed computing, collective operations involve coordinated communication and synchronization among multiple processing units, enabling efficient data exchange and collaboration. Scientific applications, such as simulations, computational fluid dynamics, and scalable deep learning, require complex computations that can be parallelized across multiple nodes in a distributed system. These applications often involve data-dependent communication patterns, where collective operations are critical for achieving high performance in data exchange. Optimizing collective operations for scientific applications and deep learning involves improving the algorithms, communication patterns, and data distribution strategies to minimize communication overhead and maximize computational efficiency.

Within the context of this …


Multi-Scale Attention Networks For Pavement Defect Detection, Junde Chen, Yuxin Wen, Yaser Ahangari Nanehkaran, Defu Zhang, Adan Zeb 2023 Chapman University

Multi-Scale Attention Networks For Pavement Defect Detection, Junde Chen, Yuxin Wen, Yaser Ahangari Nanehkaran, Defu Zhang, Adan Zeb

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Pavement defects such as cracks, net cracks, and pit slots can cause potential traffic safety problems. The timely detection and identification play a key role in reducing the harm of various pavement defects. Particularly, the recent development in deep learning-based CNNs has shown competitive performance in image detection and classification. To detect pavement defects automatically and improve effects, a multi-scale mobile attention-based network, which we termed MANet, is proposed to perform the detection of pavement defects. The architecture of the encoder-decoder is used in MANet, where the encoder adopts the MobileNet as the backbone network to extract pavement defect features. …


Future Trends And Directions For Secure Infrastructure Architecture In The Education Sector: A Systematic Review Of Recent Evidence, Isaac Atta Senior Ampofo, Isaac Atta Junior Ampofo 2023 Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

Future Trends And Directions For Secure Infrastructure Architecture In The Education Sector: A Systematic Review Of Recent Evidence, Isaac Atta Senior Ampofo, Isaac Atta Junior Ampofo

Journal of Research Initiatives

The most efficient approach to giving large numbers of students’ access to computational resources is through a data center. A contemporary method for building the data center's computer infrastructure is the software-defined model, which enables user tasks to be processed in a reasonable amount of time and at a reasonable cost. The researcher examines potential directions and trends for a secured infrastructure design in this article. Additionally, interoperable, highly reusable modules that can include the newest trends in the education industry are made possible by cloud-based educational software. The Reference Architecture for University Education System Using AWS Services is presented …


Framework For Assessing Information System Security Posture Risks, Syed Waqas Hamdani 2023 The University of Western Ontario

Framework For Assessing Information System Security Posture Risks, Syed Waqas Hamdani

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In today’s data-driven world, Information Systems, particularly the ones operating in regulated industries, require comprehensive security frameworks to protect against loss of confidentiality, integrity, or availability of data, whether due to malice, accident or otherwise. Once such a security framework is in place, an organization must constantly monitor and assess the overall compliance of its systems to detect and rectify any issues found. This thesis presents a technique and a supporting toolkit to first model dependencies between security policies (referred to as controls) and, second, devise models that associate risk with policy violations. Third, devise algorithms that propagate risk when …


A Multimodal Immune System Inspired Defense Architecture For Detecting And Deterring Digital Pathogens In Container Hosted Web Services, Islam Khalil 2023 The American University in Cairo AUC

A Multimodal Immune System Inspired Defense Architecture For Detecting And Deterring Digital Pathogens In Container Hosted Web Services, Islam Khalil

Theses and Dissertations

With the increased use of web technologies, microservices, and Application Programming Interface (API) for integration between systems, and with the development of containerization of services on operating system level as a method of isolating system execution and for easing the deployment and scaling of systems, there is a growing need as well as opportunities for providing platforms that improve the security of such services. In our work, we propose an architecture for a containerization platform that utilizes various concepts derived from the human immune system. The goal of the proposed containerization platform is to introduce the concept of slowing down …


Expressive Marks: Art In The Age Of Augmented Reality, Carson G. Levine 2023 Dartmouth College

Expressive Marks: Art In The Age Of Augmented Reality, Carson G. Levine

Dartmouth College Master’s Theses

Augmented reality (AR) and non-fungible tokens (NFTs) introduce new considerations for the long-standing debate of what it means for digital art to be “real.” However, the ability to create AR experiences is limited to those who are technically skilled or who can afford to consult someone else. This paper addresses the need for an accessible tool that enables artists of all technical backgrounds to expressively create marks in AR. The solution includes a mobile application called CrayonAR. The system was designed to be modular, minimal, and physically engaging, and was developed in Unity using ARFoundation and Firebase Storage and Realtime …


Source Code Plagiarism Detection Using Jplag & Stack Overflow Data, Sudheer Yetthapu 2023 Western Kentucky University

Source Code Plagiarism Detection Using Jplag & Stack Overflow Data, Sudheer Yetthapu

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Advancements in computer technology and internet services have led to the availability of vast amounts of information like videos, articles, research papers, and code samples. Free online information will increase the possibility of plagiarism and collusion among students. People can commit plagiarism in both text and code [1], as tools used to detect plagiarism between texts and between codes are distinct. Traditionally plagiarism in code is detected using manual inspection, which is a tedious process and misses to compare code from previous submissions and external sources. To overcome this issue, systems that can automatically detect plagiarism in code were developed …


Dynamically Finding Optimal Kernel Launch Parameters For Cuda Programs, Taabish Jeshani 2023 Western University

Dynamically Finding Optimal Kernel Launch Parameters For Cuda Programs, Taabish Jeshani

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, we present KLARAPTOR (Kernel LAunch parameters RAtional Program estimaTOR), a freely available tool to dynamically determine the values of kernel launch parameters of a CUDA kernel. We describe a technique for building a helper program, at the compile-time of a CUDA program, that is used at run-time to determine near-optimal kernel launch parameters for the kernels of that CUDA program. This technique leverages the MWP-CWP performance prediction model, runtime data parameters, and runtime hardware parameters to dynamically determine the launch parameters for each kernel invocation. This technique is implemented within the KLARAPTOR tool, utilizing the LLVM Pass …


Arkavalley Liquor: Simplifying Restaurant Alcohol Orders, Isaiah A. Kitts, Dayton Drilling, Bradlee Treece, Cameron Lumpkin 2023 Arkansas Tech University

Arkavalley Liquor: Simplifying Restaurant Alcohol Orders, Isaiah A. Kitts, Dayton Drilling, Bradlee Treece, Cameron Lumpkin

ATU Research Symposium

The ArkaValley Liquor system is a web-based ordering platform designed to simplify the process of ordering alcohol for local restaurants. Currently, restaurants place orders by emailing the store, which makes it difficult to maintain a paper trail and track order details. With the ArkaValley Liquor system, the ordering process is automated, and all order details are saved in one central location. Each restaurant will have a login, ensuring only authorized individuals can place orders. The system will also provide a record of each restaurant's most recent order, making it easy to reorder if necessary. By using the ArkaValley Liquor system, …


Self-Learning Algorithms For Intrusion Detection And Prevention Systems (Idps), Juan E. Nunez, Roger W. Tchegui Donfack, Rohit Rohit, Hayley Horn 2023 Southern Methodist University

Self-Learning Algorithms For Intrusion Detection And Prevention Systems (Idps), Juan E. Nunez, Roger W. Tchegui Donfack, Rohit Rohit, Hayley Horn

SMU Data Science Review

Today, there is an increased risk to data privacy and information security due to cyberattacks that compromise data reliability and accessibility. New machine learning models are needed to detect and prevent these cyberattacks. One application of these models is cybersecurity threat detection and prevention systems that can create a baseline of a network's traffic patterns to detect anomalies without needing pre-labeled data; thus, enabling the identification of abnormal network events as threats. This research explored algorithms that can help automate anomaly detection on an enterprise network using Canadian Institute for Cybersecurity data. This study demonstrates that Neural Networks with Bayesian …


Chatgpt As Metamorphosis Designer For The Future Of Artificial Intelligence (Ai): A Conceptual Investigation, Amarjit Kumar Singh (Library Assistant), Dr. Pankaj Mathur (Deputy Librarian) 2023 Central University of South Bihar, Panchanpur, Gaya, Bihar

Chatgpt As Metamorphosis Designer For The Future Of Artificial Intelligence (Ai): A Conceptual Investigation, Amarjit Kumar Singh (Library Assistant), Dr. Pankaj Mathur (Deputy Librarian)

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this research paper is to explore ChatGPT’s potential as an innovative designer tool for the future development of artificial intelligence. Specifically, this conceptual investigation aims to analyze ChatGPT’s capabilities as a tool for designing and developing near about human intelligent systems for futuristic used and developed in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Also with the helps of this paper, researchers are analyzed the strengths and weaknesses of ChatGPT as a tool, and identify possible areas for improvement in its development and implementation. This investigation focused on the various features and functions of ChatGPT that …


Constructing A Shariah Document Screening Prototype Based On Serverless Architecture, Marhanum Che Mohd Salleh, Rizal Mohd Nor, Faizal Yusof, Md Amiruzzaman 2023 International Islamic University Malaysia

Constructing A Shariah Document Screening Prototype Based On Serverless Architecture, Marhanum Che Mohd Salleh, Rizal Mohd Nor, Faizal Yusof, Md Amiruzzaman

Computer Science Faculty Publications

The aim of this research is to discuss the groundwork of building an Islamic Banking Document Screening Prototype based on a serverless architecture framework. This research first forms an algorithm for document matching based Vector Space Model (VCM) and adopts Levenshtein Distance for similarity setting. Product proposals will become a query, and policy documents by the central bank will be a corpus or database for document matching. Both the query and corpus went through preprocessing stage prior to similarity analysis. One set of queries with two sets of corpora is tested in this research to compare similarity values. Finally, a …


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