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Factors Associated With Chronic Kidney Disease Of Non-Traditional Causes Among Children In Guatemala, Alejandro Cerón, Brooke M. Ramay, Luis Pablo Méndez-Alburez, Randall Lou-Meda 2021 University of Denver

Factors Associated With Chronic Kidney Disease Of Non-Traditional Causes Among Children In Guatemala, Alejandro Cerón, Brooke M. Ramay, Luis Pablo Méndez-Alburez, Randall Lou-Meda

Anthropology: Faculty Scholarship

Objective. To identify factors associated with chronic kidney disease of non-traditional causes among children in Guatemala. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted. The study population was all pediatric patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease active in FUNDANIER’s pediatric nephrology unit (N = 156). Simple random sampling led to a total of 100 participants. Data collection consisted of a questionnaire addressing individual and household characteristics, access and utilization of health care, and place of residence when the disease began. Chronic kidney disease etiology was obtained from medical records. Municipality-level secondary data were collected. Descriptive statistics were estimated. Logistic regression was ...


International Respiratory Infections Society Covid Research Conversations: Podcast 1 With Dr. Francesco Blasi, Julio A. Ramirez MD, Francesco Blasi MD, PhD 2021 Center of Excellence for Research in Infectious Diseases, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

International Respiratory Infections Society Covid Research Conversations: Podcast 1 With Dr. Francesco Blasi, Julio A. Ramirez Md, Francesco Blasi Md, Phd

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Section(s) Topics

1–2 Introductions

3 Foundations of best practice

4 COVID-19 as stimulus for innovation

5 Adapting and evolving therapeutic approach

6 Age and comorbidities as risk factors

7 Over-capacity ICU

8 Adapting the ER for COVID-19

9 Training personnel for COVID-19

10 Psychological support, healthcare heroes, and COVID fatigue

11 Increased oxygen requirement

12–13 Milan’s multi-disciplinary unit

14 Standardizing respiratory support measures

15 Nutrition, sedation, and life support

16 CPAP successes and failures

17 Prone and lateral positioning of patients on CPAP

18 Different COVID-19 phenotypes?

19 Thromboembolism risk score, age, and comorbidities

20 Cardiorespiratory ...


An Update On The Leading Covid-19 Vaccines, Ahmed A. Eladely, Javaria Anwer MBBS, Ashwini Gotimukul MBBS, Manish KC MBBS, Jessica Petrey MSLS, Alex Glynn MA, Ruth M. Carrico PhD, DNP, Julio A. Ramirez MD 2021 Center of Excellence for Research in Infectious Diseases, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA

An Update On The Leading Covid-19 Vaccines, Ahmed A. Eladely, Javaria Anwer Mbbs, Ashwini Gotimukul Mbbs, Manish Kc Mbbs, Jessica Petrey Msls, Alex Glynn Ma, Ruth M. Carrico Phd, Dnp, Julio A. Ramirez Md

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

We reviewed the COVID-19 vaccines that reached phase III of clinical development. For each of the 10 vaccines identified, we described the technology used for vaccine development, the available data from phase III clinical trials, data on vaccine safety, and the role of new SARS-CoV-2 variants on vaccine efficacy.


Cities, Covid-19, And The New Normal, Singapore Management University 2021 Singapore Management University

Cities, Covid-19, And The New Normal, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

As cities recover and reorganise post-pandemic, policymakers should take into consideration how communities’ mobility, livability, security and sociability are affected


Mortalidad Por Infarto Agudo De Miocardio En Guatemala 2018: Patrones E Inequidades, Alejandro Cerón, Gila Goldstein 2021 University of Denver

Mortalidad Por Infarto Agudo De Miocardio En Guatemala 2018: Patrones E Inequidades, Alejandro Cerón, Gila Goldstein

Anthropology: Faculty Scholarship

El presente estudio busca analizar la mortalidad por infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM) en Guatemala con el propósito de identificar posibles criterios epidemiológicos que orienten la priorización de acciones de salud pública. El riesgo de morir de IAM en Guatemala muestra marcadas desigualdades por departamento, las que son aún más marcadas al comparar por municipio. El riesgo de morir es también más alto en personas mestizas o ladinas, en niveles educativos bajos, y en personas que se dedican a ocupaciones elementales. Deberían implementarse medidas de salud pública orientadas a los municipios y grupos en mayor riesgo de morir de IAM ...


Predictive Modeling And Estimation Of The Doubling Time Of Confirmed Cases Of Covid-19 In Niger, Ibrahim Sidi Zakari, Hadiza Galadima 2021 Old Dominion University

Predictive Modeling And Estimation Of The Doubling Time Of Confirmed Cases Of Covid-19 In Niger, Ibrahim Sidi Zakari, Hadiza Galadima

Community & Environmental Health Faculty Publications

Modeling is increasingly used to assess scenarios and make projections on the future course of new coronavirus disease. This allows for better planning of care as well as a relaxation or tightening of the restrictive measures decreed by the government and the health authorities. The data analyzed in this study covers the period from March 19 to June 05, 2020 and allowed predictions of new cases of COVID-19 based on a growth model with a growth rate that changes linearly over time. In addition, we calculated and predicted the doubling time of the number of positive cases in each region ...


Vietnam’S Healthcare System Decentralization: How Well Does It Respond To Global Health Crises Such As Covid-19 Pandemic?, Huy Van Nguyen, Joseph Debattista, Minh Duc Pham, An Thi Minh Dao, Stuart Gilmour, Hoa L. Nguyen, Tien Van Nguyen, Phuong Mai Le, Phuong The Nguyen, Anh Thi Ngoc Tran, Kien Duy Vu, Son Thai Dinh, Minh Van Hoang 2021 St. Luke’s International University

Vietnam’S Healthcare System Decentralization: How Well Does It Respond To Global Health Crises Such As Covid-19 Pandemic?, Huy Van Nguyen, Joseph Debattista, Minh Duc Pham, An Thi Minh Dao, Stuart Gilmour, Hoa L. Nguyen, Tien Van Nguyen, Phuong Mai Le, Phuong The Nguyen, Anh Thi Ngoc Tran, Kien Duy Vu, Son Thai Dinh, Minh Van Hoang

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

This article discussed Vietnam’s ongoing efforts to decentralize the health system and its fitness to respond to global health crises as presented through the Covid-19 pandemic. We used a general review and expert’s perspective to explore the topic. We found that the healthcare system in Vietnam continued to decentralize from a pyramid to a wheel model. This system shifts away from a stratified technical hierarchy of higher- and lower-level health units (pyramid model) to a system in which quality healthcare is equally expected among all health units (wheel model). This decentralization has delivered more quality healthcare facilities, greater ...


Closing The Loop In Child Tb Contact Management: Completion Of Tb Preventive Therapy Outcomes In Western Kenya, James A. Amisi, E. Jane Carter, Enos Masini, Daria Szkwarko 2021 Moi University

Closing The Loop In Child Tb Contact Management: Completion Of Tb Preventive Therapy Outcomes In Western Kenya, James A. Amisi, E. Jane Carter, Enos Masini, Daria Szkwarko

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

SETTING: Children especially those < 5 years of age exposed to pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) are at a high risk of severe TB disease and death. Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) has been shown to decrease disease progression by up to 90%. Kenya, a high TB burden country experiences numerous operational challenges that limit implementation of TB preventive services. IPT completion in child contacts is not routinely reported in Kenya.

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to review the child contact management (CCM) cascade and present IPT outcomes across 10 clinics in western Kenya.

DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of programmatic data of a TB Reach-funded active, clinic-based CCM strategy.

RESULTS: Of 553 child contacts screened, 231 (42%) were reported symptomatic. 74 (13%) of the child contacts were diagnosed with active TB disease. Of those eligible for IPT, 427 (90%) initiated IPT according to TB REACH project data while 249 (58%) were recorded in the IPT register with 49 (11%) recorded as a transfer to other facilities. Of ...


Sars-Cov-2 Early Infection Signature Identified Potential Key Infection Mechanisms And Drug Targets, Yue Li, Ashley Duche, Michael R. Sayer, Don Roosan, Farid G. Khalafalla, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Jennifer Totonchy, Moom Roosan 2021 Chapman University

Sars-Cov-2 Early Infection Signature Identified Potential Key Infection Mechanisms And Drug Targets, Yue Li, Ashley Duche, Michael R. Sayer, Don Roosan, Farid G. Khalafalla, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Jennifer Totonchy, Moom Roosan

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has caused devastating mortality and posed a significant threat to public health worldwide. Despite the severity of this illness and 2.3 million worldwide deaths, the disease mechanism is mostly unknown. Previous studies that characterized differential gene expression due to SARS-CoV-2 infection lacked robust validation. Although vaccines are now available, effective treatment options are still out of reach.

Results

To characterize the transcriptional activity of SARS-CoV-2 infection, a gene signature consisting of 25 genes was generated using a publicly available RNA-Sequencing (RNA-Seq) dataset of cultured cells infected with SARS-CoV-2. The signature estimated infection level accurately ...


A Comparative Analysis Of The Knowledge And Stigmatizing Attitude Of Ghanaians And Nigerians Towards Covid-19 Survivors, Emmanuel Lamptey, Dorcas Serwaa, Maxwell Hubert Antwi, Theckla Ikome Ms, Nkechi Odogwu 2021 Institute of Life and Earth Sciences (Including Health and Agriculture), Pan African University, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

A Comparative Analysis Of The Knowledge And Stigmatizing Attitude Of Ghanaians And Nigerians Towards Covid-19 Survivors, Emmanuel Lamptey, Dorcas Serwaa, Maxwell Hubert Antwi, Theckla Ikome Ms, Nkechi Odogwu

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

Introduction: In Africa, COVID-19 associated stigmatization still remains the contextual factor that poses a challenge for the mitigation and suppression of COVID-19 spread, especially among the illiterate populations. This comparative study was therefore conducted to assess the knowledge and willingness of Ghanaians and Nigerians to associate with COVID-19 survivors.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect information from 290 Ghanaian and 220 Nigerian nationals aged 18 years and above between 11th July-30th October 2020. An electronic-based questionnaire was developed to collect information on the public. The data were analyzed with SPSS v 22 and factors influencing knowledge and willingness ...


Vaccines, Troy Moon 2021 Vanderbilt University

Vaccines, Troy Moon

PEER Liberia Project

This is a lecture in the PEER Liberia Infectious Disease Lecture Series. This presentation provides an overview of: prevention and control of vaccine preventable diseases; global impact of vaccines - successes and challenges; and vaccine fundamentals - basic immunology, introduction to vaccinology.


Human Rights Education In Humanitarian Settings: Opportunities And Challenges, Megan Devonald, Nicola Jones, Silvia Guglielmi, Jennifer Seager, Sarah Baird 2021 George Washington University

Human Rights Education In Humanitarian Settings: Opportunities And Challenges, Megan Devonald, Nicola Jones, Silvia Guglielmi, Jennifer Seager, Sarah Baird

Global Health Faculty Publications

Human rights education in humanitarian settings provides an opportunity for adolescent refugees to understand and exercise their human rights, respect the rights of others, and gain active citizenship skills. This paper examines non-formal education programmes and the extent to which they embed education about, through and for human rights; it draws on mixed method data from two diverse contexts–Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh and Syrian refugees in Jordan. We find stark differences in how human rights are reflected in non-formal education programming for refugees. In Jordan, the Makani programme integrates human rights across subjects and teacher pedagogy, and fosters skills ...


Emergence And Evolution Of Plasmodium Falciparum Histidine-Rich Protein 2 And 3 Deletion Mutant Parasites In Ethiopia [Preprint], Sindew M. Feleke, Nicholas J. Hathaway, Jane Cunningham, Jonathan B. Parr 2021 Ethiopian Public Health Institute

Emergence And Evolution Of Plasmodium Falciparum Histidine-Rich Protein 2 And 3 Deletion Mutant Parasites In Ethiopia [Preprint], Sindew M. Feleke, Nicholas J. Hathaway, Jane Cunningham, Jonathan B. Parr

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Malaria diagnostic testing in Africa is threatened by Plasmodium falciparum parasites lacking histidine-rich protein 2 (pfhrp2) and 3 (pfhrp3) genes. Among 12,572 subjects enrolled along Ethiopia’s borders with Eritrea, Sudan, and South Sudan and using multiple assays, we estimate HRP2-based rapid diagnostic tests would miss 9.7% (95% CI 8.5-11.1) of falciparum malaria cases due to pfhrp2 deletion. Established and novel genomic tools reveal distinct subtelomeric deletion patterns, well-established pfhrp3 deletions, and recent expansion of pfhrp2 deletion. Current diagnostic strategies need to be urgently reconsidered in Ethiopia, and expanded surveillance is needed throughout the Horn of ...


"There Is Always Violence": An Exploratory Study Of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Street-Involved Children, Jarrett D. Davis, Glenn M. Miles, Sean Blackburn, Erika Mosebach-Kornelsen 2021 up! International

"There Is Always Violence": An Exploratory Study Of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Street-Involved Children, Jarrett D. Davis, Glenn M. Miles, Sean Blackburn, Erika Mosebach-Kornelsen

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

As the economic center of Cambodia, Phnom Penh has long been a hotspot for street-involved children and families. While violence is a common facet of life on the street, risk and vulnerability among children is notoriously difficult to measure. Most large-scale surveys tend to sample children within homes and schools, which overlook street-involved children who are commonly unregistered, irregularly attend school, and live outside of houses. This research paper is one of a series of studies on such groups in Southeast Asia. The study conducted 94 semi-structured interviews with street-involved children eight to 18 years of age in Phnom Penh ...


The State Of Interventional Radiology In Myanmar: A National Report, Benjamin Jyhhan Kuo, Myo Oo Aung, Ngwe Phyu Hnin, Taryi Wint, Tin Htun Aung, Kyaw Zay Ya, Bien Soo Tan 2021 Singapore General Hospital

The State Of Interventional Radiology In Myanmar: A National Report, Benjamin Jyhhan Kuo, Myo Oo Aung, Ngwe Phyu Hnin, Taryi Wint, Tin Htun Aung, Kyaw Zay Ya, Bien Soo Tan

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Radiology global outreach programs have increased in recent years but progressed more slowly than other specialties. Establishing radiology services is increasingly recognized as a priority in resource-limited settings. Myanmar has a tremendous disease burden that is treatable with interventional radiology (IR) techniques, and aims to grow and effectively integrate this service into its public healthcare sector. Through collaborations between Asia Pacific Society of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology (APSCVIR) and Myanmar Radiological Society (MRS), the field of IR has grown exponentially over recent years. This study aims to provide a Myanmar national IR report on the current trends and future ...


Implementation Of Mental Health Services In Conflict And Post-Conflict Zones: Lessons From Syria, Mohammad Khalid Hamza, Madelyn J. Hsiao-Rei Hicks 2021 Lamar University

Implementation Of Mental Health Services In Conflict And Post-Conflict Zones: Lessons From Syria, Mohammad Khalid Hamza, Madelyn J. Hsiao-Rei Hicks

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Objective: We describe the challenges confronted and lessons learned in implementing mental healthcare during the Syrian war to inform effective services for conflict-affected Syrian populations.

Materials and Methods: We searched the academic and gray literature. We draw on the experiences of Syrian-American mental health professionals with nine years of experience providing clinical and programmatic mental healthcare in combat settings, siege, internally displaced person camps, and refugee camps.

Results: Collaboration with nonprofessional personnel was essential due to the shortage of formally trained mental healthcare professionals in Syria. The use of psychological and diagnostic terms increased stigma, whereas asking about the patient ...


Community As Medicine: A Trauma-Informed Yoga Program For Multi-Cultural Female Immigrants Identified In The Primary Care Setting, Katherine Rizzolo, Sean Lena, Maha Jaber, Jessica Schaumburg, Kiana Vakil-Gilani, Nicole Rebusi, Dianna Stade, Adriana Nadeau, Nicoleta Toma, Brian King, Lesley Gordon 2021 Maine Medical Center

Community As Medicine: A Trauma-Informed Yoga Program For Multi-Cultural Female Immigrants Identified In The Primary Care Setting, Katherine Rizzolo, Sean Lena, Maha Jaber, Jessica Schaumburg, Kiana Vakil-Gilani, Nicole Rebusi, Dianna Stade, Adriana Nadeau, Nicoleta Toma, Brian King, Lesley Gordon

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Introduction: The immigrant population in Maine represents a unique group of patients with complicated health care needs due to cultural, linguistic, and systemic barriers. We sought to bridge gaps in health access for immigrant women by expanding and integrating community resources through the development and evaluation of a trauma-informed yoga class.

Methods: A needs assessment via a focus group with immigrant women revealed barriers to care and community health needs. Health partners of the immigrant community were identified via word of mouth and a Google search. Yoga participants were recruited in the primary care clinic and by community outreach. Participants ...


Antibiotics And Antimicrobial Resistance In The Covid-19 Era: Perspective From Resource-Limited Settings, Mentor Ali Ber Lucien, Michael F. Canarie, Paul E. Kilgore, Gladzin Jean-Denis, Natael Fénélon, Manise Pierre, Mauricio Cerpa, Gerard A. Joseph, Gina Maki, Marcus J. Zervos, Patrick Dely, Jacques Boncy, Hatim Sati, Ana del Rio, Pilar Ramon-Pardo 2021 Ministère de la Santé Publique et de la Population

Antibiotics And Antimicrobial Resistance In The Covid-19 Era: Perspective From Resource-Limited Settings, Mentor Ali Ber Lucien, Michael F. Canarie, Paul E. Kilgore, Gladzin Jean-Denis, Natael Fénélon, Manise Pierre, Mauricio Cerpa, Gerard A. Joseph, Gina Maki, Marcus J. Zervos, Patrick Dely, Jacques Boncy, Hatim Sati, Ana Del Rio, Pilar Ramon-Pardo

Department of Pharmacy Practice

The dissemination of COVID-19 around the globe has been followed by an increased consumption of antibiotics. This is related to the concern for bacterial superinfection in COVID-19 patients. The identification of bacterial pathogens is challenging in low and middle income countries (LMIC), as there are no readily-available and cost-effective clinical or biological markers that can effectively discriminate between bacterial and viral infections. Fortunately, faced with the threat of COVID-19 spread, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of antimicrobial stewardship programs, as well as infection prevention and control measures that could help reduce the microbial load and hence ...


Impact Of Covid-19 On The Italian And American Healthcare Systems : A Comparative Assessment, Bita Pejam, Jennifer Lam 2021 Western University

Impact Of Covid-19 On The Italian And American Healthcare Systems : A Comparative Assessment, Bita Pejam, Jennifer Lam

All Reports

This report aims to examine and assess the impact of the COVID-19 global pandemic on the healthcare systems of the United States of America and Italy; two of the most heavily affected nations. Using data from December 2019 to January 2021, several consultations, and policy reviews, we identify risks and notable areas of issue in each nations’ approach to combating the virus. We focus our report particularly on the health policies and the governmental structures in place that contributed to each nations’ initial method of alleviating the impact of COVID-19. Our report compares the two healthcare systems and proposes a ...


Cost-Effectiveness Of Alternative Hiv Testing Strategies Among Hard-To-Reach Populations In East And Southern Africa., Deo Mujwara, Deo Mujwara 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

Cost-Effectiveness Of Alternative Hiv Testing Strategies Among Hard-To-Reach Populations In East And Southern Africa., Deo Mujwara, Deo Mujwara

Graduate Research Posters

No abstract provided.


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