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3,669 full-text articles. Page 1 of 117.

Do You Know The Pathophysiology Of Cytokine Storm During Covid-19?, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Deekshitha Turaka, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Mounica Vorla, Steven B. Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

Do You Know The Pathophysiology Of Cytokine Storm During Covid-19?, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Deekshitha Turaka, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Mounica Vorla, Steven B. Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Ten Years Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Implementation: Challenges And Recommendations, Lili You, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Jinhong Zhao, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu 2022 School of Health Management Policy Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China

Ten Years Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Implementation: Challenges And Recommendations, Lili You, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Jinhong Zhao, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu

General Practice in China

As an important measure to deepen the reform of the medical and pharmaceutical health system, the national essential public health services programs has been carried out for more than ten years. Therefore, it is of great significance to evaluate the effect and remaining problems of the programs over the decade of implementation period (2009-2019) and to further promote the country's basic public health services. With reference to Donabedian quality theory, this paper summarized and analyzed the key problems existing in China's basic public health services from the aspects of project objectives, project contents, operation mechanisms, implementation processes and ...


Progress And Achievements Of The Implementation Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Over The Past Decade, Lili You, Jinhong Zhao, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Meicen Liu, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu 2022 School of Health Management Policy Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China

Progress And Achievements Of The Implementation Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Over The Past Decade, Lili You, Jinhong Zhao, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Meicen Liu, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu

General Practice in China

As an important measure to deepen the reform of the medical and pharmaceutical health system, the national essential public health services programs has been carried out for more than ten years. Therefore, it is of great significance to evaluate the effect and remaining problems of the programs over the decade of implementation period (2009-2019) and to further promote the country's basic public health services. With reference to Donabedian quality theory, this paper summarized and analyzed the key problems existing in China's basic public health services from the aspects of project objectives, project contents, operation mechanisms, implementation processes and ...


The Significance And Experience Of Implementing National Essential Public Health Programs, Lili You, Yuanli Liu 2022 School of Health Management Policy, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China

The Significance And Experience Of Implementing National Essential Public Health Programs, Lili You, Yuanli Liu

General Practice in China

The National Essential Public Health Services Programs (NEPHSP) is a systematic and overall basic public service system arrangement made by the Chinese government at the national level aiming at the main health problems existing in urban and rural residents and targeting at key population key diseases and the whole population. Year of 2019 is the tenth anniversary of the NEPHSP implementation. This article summarized the significance of implementing NEPHSP based on a 10-year evaluation of NEPHSP from four aspects: universal health coverage, Healthy China 2030 strategy, China's deepening health system reform and major institutional innovation. At the same time ...


The Impact Of The Juntos Conditional Cash Transfer Programme On Foundational Cognitive Skills: Does Age Of Enrollment Matter?, Douglas Scott, Jennifer Lopez, Alan Sánchez, Jere R. Behrman 2022 University of Oxford

The Impact Of The Juntos Conditional Cash Transfer Programme On Foundational Cognitive Skills: Does Age Of Enrollment Matter?, Douglas Scott, Jennifer Lopez, Alan Sánchez, Jere R. Behrman

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This paper studies the relationship between the age of enrolment in Peru’s conditional cash transfer programme, JUNTOS, and the foundational cognitive skills of a sample of children aged between 5 and 12 years old. Using a difference-in-differences approach and exploiting within-household variation, we show that younger siblings in recipient households display significantly higher levels of inhibitory control than their older counterparts (0.11 standard deviations), having benefited from the programme for the first time at a relatively earlier age. In high-income countries, this behavioural trait has been linked to later-life outcomes such as job success, physical health, and even ...


Global Perspectives For Strengthening Health Education: A Mixed-Methods Study, Mohammad Torabi, Wasantha Jayawardene, Dennis Daniels, Tapati Dutta, Nicola Bragazzi, David K. Lohrmann 2022 Indiana University Bloomington

Global Perspectives For Strengthening Health Education: A Mixed-Methods Study, Mohammad Torabi, Wasantha Jayawardene, Dennis Daniels, Tapati Dutta, Nicola Bragazzi, David K. Lohrmann

Health Behavior Research

This study aimed to identify the knowledge, experiences, and attitudes about current practices of health education (HE) among government-affiliated high-profile health administrators in developed and developing nations. Respondents (N = 21) were purposively selected based on their affiliation as a health administrator at the national level, with roles in high-profile decision-making for devising policies/programs and allocating funding or advocating strategies to advance HE. Information was gathered using a web-based cross-sectional survey in 5 languages, consisting of 14 closed-ended and 8 open-ended questions. A majority were males (70%) and spoke English (57%), 45% had postgraduate degrees, and 57% were from high-income ...


Child Health In Darfur, Sudan: Addressing The Effects Of Armed Conflict On Children's Health In Darfur, Judith Natukunda 2022 University of San Francisco

Child Health In Darfur, Sudan: Addressing The Effects Of Armed Conflict On Children's Health In Darfur, Judith Natukunda

Master's Projects and Capstones

ABSTRACT

Background: For 19 years, the Darfur region of Sudan has experienced unending civil unrest and war, resulting in more than 2 million deaths and over 4 million displaced persons. The war led to severe food insecurity, clean and safe drinking water shortages, high disease prevalence, destruction of infrastructure, and a broken health care system. Despite the interventions by the global community and various humanitarian agencies, over 2.8 million people are still displaced and living in IDP camps across Darfur. Over 300,000 children are living in neighboring Chad. The armed conflict led to high levels of child malnutrition ...


Comparing Outcomes For Community-Acquired Pneumonia Between Females And Males: Results From The University Of Louisville Pneumonia Study, Pavani Nathala, Simrat Sarai, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Mahder A. Tella, Stephen P. Furmanek, Forest W. Arnold 2022 University of Louisville

Comparing Outcomes For Community-Acquired Pneumonia Between Females And Males: Results From The University Of Louisville Pneumonia Study, Pavani Nathala, Simrat Sarai, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Mahder A. Tella, Stephen P. Furmanek, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Male sex is currently considered to be a risk factor for worsened community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) outcomes compared to female sex; hence, female sex equates to a lower score on the Pneumonia Severity Index. There is no recent update on sex-based outcomes of patients with CAP. The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of CAP between females and males.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the University of Louisville Pneumonia Study database. It was a prospective population-based cohort study of all hospitalized adults with CAP who were residents of Jefferson County in the city of Louisville ...


Community Based Rehabilitation Programs For Resettled Muslim Women Refugees, Lori Maria Walton PhD, DPT, MScPT, MPH(s), Renee Hakim, PhD, PT, NCS, Veena Raigangar, PhD(c), MScPT, M.Ed., Jennifer Schwartz, DPT, NCS, SJM Ummul Ambia, MScPT, Najah Zaaeed, DrPH, LMSW, Bassima Schbley 2022 University of Scranton

Community Based Rehabilitation Programs For Resettled Muslim Women Refugees, Lori Maria Walton Phd, Dpt, Mscpt, Mph(S), Renee Hakim, Phd, Pt, Ncs, Veena Raigangar, Phd(C), Mscpt, M.Ed., Jennifer Schwartz, Dpt, Ncs, Sjm Ummul Ambia, Mscpt, Najah Zaaeed, Drph, Lmsw, Bassima Schbley

Journal of Health Ethics

According to the 2021 report from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 82.4 million people were forcibly displaced because of violence, wars, or persecution and over 26.4 million are currently living with refugee status. Displacement and resettlement trauma are associated with chronic disease onset and poor cognitive, physical, and mental health outcomes for refugee populations. To mitigate some of the deleterious effects of resettlement trauma, we propose a community-based rehabilitation program (CBRP) framework that is culturally sensitive, trauma-informed and focused on the vulnerabilities of women. The purpose of this novel CBRP framework is to address health inequities ...


Effectiveness Of Machine Learning Classifiers For Cataract Screening, Ronald Cheung 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Effectiveness Of Machine Learning Classifiers For Cataract Screening, Ronald Cheung

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cataract is the leading cause of blindness and vision loss globally. The implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) in the healthcare industry has been on the rise in the past few decades and machine learning (ML) classifiers have shown to be able to diagnose patients with cataracts. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to assess the diagnostic accuracy of these ML classifiers for cataracts currently published in the literature. Retrieved from nine articles, the pooled sensitivity was 94.8% and the specificity was 96.0% for adult cataracts. Additionally, an economic analysis was conducted to explore the cost-effectiveness of implementing ...


On We Go, With Hope: Remembering Our Founding Editor-In-Chief, Dr. F. Douglas Scutchfield, Rachel E. Dixon, Randolph F. Wykoff 2022 University of Kentucky

On We Go, With Hope: Remembering Our Founding Editor-In-Chief, Dr. F. Douglas Scutchfield, Rachel E. Dixon, Randolph F. Wykoff

Journal of Appalachian Health

With the passing of our founding Editor-in-Chief, Dr. F. Douglas Scutchfield, the Journal of Appalachian Health team reflects on a life well lived and a monumental public legacy left behind. We thank "Scutch" for enriching the lives of so many, and we commit to growing the Journal in his honor.


What About Anosmia From Covid-19 ?, Sharanya S E Santhi, Sara Elnour, Steven B Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

What About Anosmia From Covid-19 ?, Sharanya S E Santhi, Sara Elnour, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


The Mission System: An Electronic Health Record For Medical Treatment In Guatemala, Tawniece M. Curry 2022 University of Missouri-St. Louis

The Mission System: An Electronic Health Record For Medical Treatment In Guatemala, Tawniece M. Curry

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem: The introduction of an electronic health record (EHR) system has become an essential component in monitoring and tracking patient information in most developed countries but are difficult to implement in underdeveloped countries. Guatemala is a country with poor health care and limited resources for patient tracking and monitoring. An organization in Guatemala, Nursing Heart Inc. (NHI), provides care to over 40 underserved rural communities but lacks the ability to monitor and track patient information. In order for NHI to properly monitor and evaluate their programs and track patients’ continuity of care, the introduction of an EHR system is ...


Assessing Covid-19 Booster Hesitancy And Its Correlates: An Early Evidence From India, Geetanjali C. Achrekar, Kavita Batra, Yashashri Urankar, Ravi Batra, Naved Iqbal, Sabiha A. Choudhury, Deepti Hooda, Roohi Khan, Suraj Arora, Aditi Singh, Francesco Chirico, Manoj Sharma 2022 GVMs College of Commerce and Economics

Assessing Covid-19 Booster Hesitancy And Its Correlates: An Early Evidence From India, Geetanjali C. Achrekar, Kavita Batra, Yashashri Urankar, Ravi Batra, Naved Iqbal, Sabiha A. Choudhury, Deepti Hooda, Roohi Khan, Suraj Arora, Aditi Singh, Francesco Chirico, Manoj Sharma

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 mutants, waning immunity, and breakthrough infections prompted the use of booster doses of the COVID-19 vaccine to fight against the pandemic. India started booster doses in January 2022 and it is critical to determine the intention of booster dose uptake and its correlates. Therefore, the current cross-sectional study aimed to investigate booster dose acceptability and associated predictors among the Indian population. A convenience sampling technique was utilized to recruit a sample of 687 Indian residents. A 55-item psychometric validated survey tool was used to assess booster dose acceptability, vaccine literacy and vaccine confidence. Univariate, bivariate, and ...


Treating Cytokine Storm In Patients With Covid-19, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Deekshitha Turaka, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Steven B Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

Treating Cytokine Storm In Patients With Covid-19, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Deekshitha Turaka, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Urban Health | Emerging Public Health Perspectives, Demi Miriam 2022 Edward & Cynthia Institute of Public Health, India

Book Review: Urban Health | Emerging Public Health Perspectives, Demi Miriam

Journal of Research Initiatives

Book Review

Book Title: Urban Health | Emerging public health perspectives

Editors: Fernandes & Grewal, 2021

Publisher: Global South Strategies

Publication: 02 September 2021

City: Mangalore, India

Total No. of Pages: 341

Price (in INR): 950 (Paperback)

ISBN-13: 978-8195336418


Find Your Flow: A Menstrual Health Social Media Campaign, Sarah Hamp-Adams 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Find Your Flow: A Menstrual Health Social Media Campaign, Sarah Hamp-Adams

Kinesiology and Public Health

In many cultures, menstruation is surrounded by silence and shame instead of being celebrated as a sign of health and vitality. Globally, challenges, including stigma surrounding menstruation, create barriers for menstruators (White, 2013; Crawford, 2014; Garg, 2015). It proves to be difficult for young menstruators to navigate menarche due to the taboos and socio-cultural restrictions surrounding menstruation (Sharma,2015). Encouraging women to have open conversations about their periods is necessary to combat these challenges.

To understand how to address the stigmas around menstruation, the researchers first conducted a literature review, revealing that education messages via the Internet, posters, storytelling, and ...


Lessons Learned From The World Health Organization’S Late Initial Response To The 2014-2016 Ebola Outbreak In West Africa, Chulwoo Park 2022 San Jose State University

Lessons Learned From The World Health Organization’S Late Initial Response To The 2014-2016 Ebola Outbreak In West Africa, Chulwoo Park

Faculty Research, Scholarly, and Creative Activity

The purpose of this article is to 1) examine the role of the World Health Organization (WHO) in controlling infectious disease outbreaks, 2) evaluate if the WHO’s initial response to the 2014-2016 Ebola crisis was appropriate, 3) evaluate current WHO’s efforts to prevent future disease outbreaks after the Ebola elimination, and 4) suggest how WHO should be further reformed to provide prompt and accurate guidance to multi-sectoral health stakeholders at local, national, regional and global level for effective surveillance preparedness and response. This is a non-systematic narrative literature review. The articles from PubMed, Scopus, Medline, books, WHO documents ...


Antimicrobial Stewardship Meets Transitions Of Care: Defining Length Of Therapy For Community-Acquired Pneumonia (Cap), Christopher Whitman, Sarah E. Moore PharmD, Matthew Song PharmD, BCIDP, Brian C. Bohn PharmD, BCIDP, Ashley M. Wilde 2022 Infirmary Health

Antimicrobial Stewardship Meets Transitions Of Care: Defining Length Of Therapy For Community-Acquired Pneumonia (Cap), Christopher Whitman, Sarah E. Moore Pharmd, Matthew Song Pharmd, Bcidp, Brian C. Bohn Pharmd, Bcidp, Ashley M. Wilde

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Hospital-based antimicrobial stewardship efforts have traditionally focused on inpatient settings. Antibiotic prescribing at discharge is often an overlooked area of focus for antimicrobial stewardship programs. Discharge prescribing optimization is necessary to combat antibiotic overuse.

Methods: This was an observational, retrospective cohort study at a four–adult community hospital system. Four hundred adult patients admitted with community-acquired pneumonia and discharged with antibiotics were included. The primary outcome was overall (inpatient and discharge) antibiotic length of therapy. The secondary outcome was percentage of patients discharged on a fluoroquinolone who had not received one in the hospital. Descriptive statistics were utilized.

Results ...


Covid-19 Case Complicated With Organizing Pneumonia And Pneumothorax: Correspondence, Hammad A. Bhatti, Minh Q. Ho 2022 Orlando VA

Covid-19 Case Complicated With Organizing Pneumonia And Pneumothorax: Correspondence, Hammad A. Bhatti, Minh Q. Ho

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


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