Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

5,059 Full-Text Articles 12,264 Authors 1,710,409 Downloads 232 Institutions

All Articles in Community Health and Preventive Medicine

Faceted Search

5,059 full-text articles. Page 1 of 212.

Utilizing A Social-Ecological Health Promotion Framework To Engage Diverse Populations For Recruitment In The All Of Us Research Program, Bibiana M. Mancera, Angela Sy, Cynthia D. Williams, Margaret K. Hargreaves 2021 The University of Texas at El Paso

Utilizing A Social-Ecological Health Promotion Framework To Engage Diverse Populations For Recruitment In The All Of Us Research Program, Bibiana M. Mancera, Angela Sy, Cynthia D. Williams, Margaret K. Hargreaves

Journal of Community Engagement and Scholarship

In 2017, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) All of Us Research Program announced a funding opportunity for community partners to “educate, motivate, and facilitate enrollment” of volunteers. In response to this opportunity, four institutions from the Research Centers in Minority Institutions (RCMI) Translational Research Network (RTRN) formed the Precision Medicine Research (PreMeR) Diversity Consortium. This multi-institutional collaboration proposed to employ evidence-based best practices to engage, recruit, and retain diverse populations in the All of Us program. The PreMeR approach was premised on the notion that engagement, recruitment, and retention strategies in community and biomedical research must be viewed as ...


Why Is Safe Food Handling Important? [English/Arabic], Celina Wille 2021 Utah State University

Why Is Safe Food Handling Important? [English/Arabic], Celina Wille

All Current Publications

This handout, available here in both English and Arabic, provides information to prevent illness through safe food handling practices.


Why Is Safe Food Handling Important? [English/Somali], Celina Wille 2021 Utah State University

Why Is Safe Food Handling Important? [English/Somali], Celina Wille

All Current Publications

This handout, available here in both English and Somali, provides information to prevent illness through safe food handling practices.


Why Is Safe Food Handling Important? [English/Spanish], Celina Wille 2021 Utah State University

Why Is Safe Food Handling Important? [English/Spanish], Celina Wille

All Current Publications

This handout, available here in both English and Spanish, provides information to prevent illness through safe food handling practices.


Why Is Safe Food Handling Important? [English/Tigrinya], Celina Wille 2021 Utah State University

Why Is Safe Food Handling Important? [English/Tigrinya], Celina Wille

All Current Publications

This handout, available here in both English and Tigrinya, provides information to prevent illness through safe food handling practices.


Why Is Safe Food Handling Important? [English/Karen], Celina Wille 2021 Utah State University

Why Is Safe Food Handling Important? [English/Karen], Celina Wille

All Current Publications

This handout, available here in both English and Karen, provides information to prevent illness through safe food handling practices.


Case Study Of A Comprehensive Team-Based Approach To Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening, Lauren E. Wright, Adam Baus, Andrea Calkins, Holly Hartman-Adams, Mary E. Conn, Susan Eason, Stephenie Kennedy-Rea 2021 West Virginia University School of Public Health

Case Study Of A Comprehensive Team-Based Approach To Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening, Lauren E. Wright, Adam Baus, Andrea Calkins, Holly Hartman-Adams, Mary E. Conn, Susan Eason, Stephenie Kennedy-Rea

Journal of Appalachian Health

Introduction: Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among men and women in West Virginia. In addition, 51% of all colorectal cancers diagnosed in West Virginia from 2012 to 2016 were detected at either regional (31%) or distant (20%) stages indicating a need for improved early detection.

Methods: West Virginia University Cheat Lake Physicians participated in the West Virginia Program to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening, a program of Cancer Prevention and Control at the WVU Cancer Institute. As a result, Cheat Lake Physicians assembled a team of health care professionals to implement evidence-based interventions and system changes ...


Diabetes Knowledge, Behaviors, And Perceptions Of Risk In Rural West Virginia Counties, Ranjita Misra, Sara Farjo, Renee McGinnis, Megan Adelman Elavsky, Summer Kuhn, Catherine Morton-McSwain 2021 West Virginia University

Diabetes Knowledge, Behaviors, And Perceptions Of Risk In Rural West Virginia Counties, Ranjita Misra, Sara Farjo, Renee Mcginnis, Megan Adelman Elavsky, Summer Kuhn, Catherine Morton-Mcswain

Journal of Appalachian Health

Introduction: A little less than half of American adults have diabetes or pre-diabetes. In 2016, West Virginia (WV) had the highest percentage (15.2%) of adults with diagnosed diabetes in the U.S.

Purpose: In partnership with the Health Sciences and Technology Academy (HSTA), a cross-sectional study was preformed to assess knowledge, behaviors, and perceptions of diabetes risk.

Methods: Data was collected by trained HSTA students and teachers who lived in rural counties in WV. Information was assessed using validated surveys, and HbA1c was obtained by utilizing professional point-of-care (Bayer) kits.

Results: Mean age and Body Mass Index (BMI) was ...


Follow These Procedures For Cleaning Fruits And Vegetables - Lettuce And Other Leafy Greens And Root Vegetables, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker 2021 Utah State University

Follow These Procedures For Cleaning Fruits And Vegetables - Lettuce And Other Leafy Greens And Root Vegetables, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker

All Current Publications

This infographic is part of a series of eight graphically depicted COVID-19 prevention messages developed in English and Spanish, covering virus survival times, personal prevention practices, use of homemade cleaning products, and techniques to maintain a virus-free personal and home environment. This fact sheet provides information about cleaning lettuce and other leafy greens and root vegetables.


Loneliness In Primary Care Patients: Relationships With Body Mass Index And Health Care Utilization, Tamara K. Oser, Siddhartha Roy, Jessica Parascando, Rebecca Mullen, Julie Radico, Alexis Reedy-Cooper, Jennifer Moss 2021 University of Colorado School of Medicine

Loneliness In Primary Care Patients: Relationships With Body Mass Index And Health Care Utilization, Tamara K. Oser, Siddhartha Roy, Jessica Parascando, Rebecca Mullen, Julie Radico, Alexis Reedy-Cooper, Jennifer Moss

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Rates of loneliness and obesity have increased in recent decades. Loneliness and obesity independently have been found to be risk factors for negative physical and mental health outcomes. This study examined the rates and interrelationships of loneliness, body mass index (BMI), and health care utilization in a primary care setting.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of adult patients presenting for outpatient care at 7 family medicine clinical practices in Pennsylvania was conducted. Survey questions included self-reported measures of loneliness, height/weight, number of health care visits, and potential confounders (eg, sociodemographic variables, health status). Bivariate and multivariable linear regression models ...


Follow These Procedures For Cleaning Fruits And Vegetables - Tender Fruits And Vegetables, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker 2021 Utah State University

Follow These Procedures For Cleaning Fruits And Vegetables - Tender Fruits And Vegetables, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker

All Current Publications

This infographic is part of a series of eight graphically depicted COVID-19 Prevention messages developed in English and Spanish, covering virus survival times, personal prevention practices, use of homemade cleaning products, and techniques to maintain a virus-free personal and home environment. This fact sheet provides information about cleaning tender fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, ripe stone fruits, mushrooms, and berries.


An Objective Structured Clinical Examination Case For Opioid Management: Standardized Patient Ratings Of Communication Skills As A Predictor Of Systems-Based Practice Scores, Heidi Kenaga, Tsveti Markova, R. Brent Stansfield, Sarwan Kumar, Pierre Morris 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

An Objective Structured Clinical Examination Case For Opioid Management: Standardized Patient Ratings Of Communication Skills As A Predictor Of Systems-Based Practice Scores, Heidi Kenaga, Tsveti Markova, R. Brent Stansfield, Sarwan Kumar, Pierre Morris

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The Wayne State University Office of Graduate Medical Education (WSUGME) uses an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) to assess its programs’ contribution to enhancing residents’ communication skills. In response to revisions in Michigan’s opioid-prescribing mandates in 2017, WSUGME developed a pain management case in collaboration with faculty and the Wayne State University School of Medicine to educate residents about these mandates while gauging their skills in Systems-Based Practice (SBP), an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Core Competency. This study examined whether resident OSCE performance predicted year-end milestones scores in SBP1 (coordinates patient care within various health care delivery ...


How To Clean Electronic Items To Prevent Coronavirus (Covid-19), Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker 2021 Utah State University

How To Clean Electronic Items To Prevent Coronavirus (Covid-19), Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker

All Current Publications

This infographic is part of a series of eight graphically depicted COVID-19 prevention messages developed in English and Spanish, covering virus survival times, personal prevention practices, use of homemade cleaning products, and techniques to maintain a virus-free personal and home environment.This infographic provides facts about cleaning electronics.


Follow These Procedures For Cleaning Fruits And Vegetables - Sturdy Fruits And Vegetables, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker 2021 Utah State University

Follow These Procedures For Cleaning Fruits And Vegetables - Sturdy Fruits And Vegetables, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker

All Current Publications

This infographic is part of a series of eight graphically depicted COVID-19 prevention messages developed in English and Spanish, covering virus survival times, personal prevention practices, use of homemade cleaning products, and techniques to maintain a virus-free personal and home environment. This fact sheet provides information about cleaning sturdy fruits and vegetables such as green beans, asparagus, cucumbers, and melons.


How Long Can The Coronavirus (Covid-19) Survive?, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker 2021 Utah State University

How Long Can The Coronavirus (Covid-19) Survive?, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker

All Current Publications

This infographic is part of a series of eight graphically depicted COVID-19 prevention messages developed in English and Spanish, covering virus survival times, personal prevention practices, use of homemade cleaning products, and techniques to maintain a virus-free personal and home environment. This fact sheet provides information about the survival times of the virus.


What Can You Do To Prevent Spreading The Coronavirus (Covid-19)?, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker 2021 Utah State University

What Can You Do To Prevent Spreading The Coronavirus (Covid-19)?, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker

All Current Publications

This infographic is part of a series of eight graphically depicted COVID-19 prevention messages in English and Spanish, covering virus survival times, personal prevention practices, use of homemade cleaning products, and techniques to maintain a virus-free personal and home environment. This fact sheet provides information on practices to prevent disease.


What Household Cleaning Products Effectively Prevent The Coronavirus (Covid-19)?, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker 2021 Utah State University

What Household Cleaning Products Effectively Prevent The Coronavirus (Covid-19)?, Celina Wille, Teresa Hunsaker

All Current Publications

This infographic is part of a series of eight graphically depicted COVID-19 prevention messages in English and Spanish, covering virus survival times, personal prevention practices, use of homemade cleaning products, and techniques to maintain a virus-free personal and home environment. This fact sheet provides information about household cleaning products that prevent disease.


Opioids And Dentistry, Anne E. Wampler 2021 University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry

Opioids And Dentistry, Anne E. Wampler

Pacific Journal of Health

Dental professionals are among the leading prescribers of opioids in the United States and play a significant role in the current opioid epidemic. While dental professionals prescribe these potent pain killers to provide relief to patients, the serious implications of their prescription and distribution must be considered. This manuscript covers the science behind opioids, history of the opioid epidemic, the affliction it is currently causing in the U.S., the immense impact dentists have in providing opioid prescriptions along with gross over-prescription practices, and much more. Other topics discussed include alternative pain management, safe prescribing practices, naloxone, and how dentists ...


Post-Acute Sequelae Of Covid-19 And Polypharmacy: If You Think There’S Too Much Polypharmacy Now, Just Wait, Demetra Antimisiaris 2021 University of Louisville

Post-Acute Sequelae Of Covid-19 And Polypharmacy: If You Think There’S Too Much Polypharmacy Now, Just Wait, Demetra Antimisiaris

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

The intersection of increased chronic disease burden worldwide with the COVID-19 pandemic was called the “perfect storm”. This article discusses yet another perfect storm: Post COVID-19 (acute and non-acute) syndrome, high chronic disease burdens, advanced age, and polypharmacy. The expected hyper polypharmacy that should result from the added disease and symptom burden due to post COVID-19 syndrome is discussed, as well as the importance of studying the incidence and characteristics to be able to address avoidable medication-related problems.


Review Of Sexual Health Issues Linked With Cardiovascular Disease And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Males, Veronica Collins, Tamara J. Swann, Jane Burns, Tim Moss, Mick Adams 2021 Healthy Male; Monash University

Review Of Sexual Health Issues Linked With Cardiovascular Disease And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Males, Veronica Collins, Tamara J. Swann, Jane Burns, Tim Moss, Mick Adams

Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin

There are well established links between male sexual health conditions and chronic disease, particularly cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Erectile dysfunction (ED) and low testosterone are two sexual health conditions that are relatively common among the wider male population. However, there is a lack of data specifically about these sexual problems among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males.

One of the most important findings of research regarding the links between sexual health and chronic disease is that ED can be a risk marker for future CVD or undiagnosed T2DM. Understanding these links can lead to more holistic ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress