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Still, We Thrive: Understanding How Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, And Other Men Who Have Sex With Men (Gbtmsm) Experience Structural Barriers & Facilitators To Wellness, Lucas Gergyek 2023 Wilfrid Laurier University

Still, We Thrive: Understanding How Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, And Other Men Who Have Sex With Men (Gbtmsm) Experience Structural Barriers & Facilitators To Wellness, Lucas Gergyek

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Historically and concurrently, structural violence has been a significant force influencing the sexual health and broader health of gay, bisexual, transgender and other men who have sex with men (GBTMSM). Yet to date, the majority of projects exploring the health inequities facing GBTMSM have focused on intrapsychic and behavioural factors as most related to poor health outcomes. As well, these studies are sometimes deficits focused, and fail to evaluate how GBTMSM continue to thrive, and maintain positive health. As a result, the ways in which systems and policies underlie and perpetuate health inequities facing GBTMSM have been somewhat obscured. Connectedly ...


The Emerging Epidemic Of Type 2 Diabetes And Obesity Amongst Young Children, Juliana Morales 2022 Dominican University of California

The Emerging Epidemic Of Type 2 Diabetes And Obesity Amongst Young Children, Juliana Morales

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background:

In the past years childhood obesity has increased tremendously and currently ⅓ of children in the United States are obese today. Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes are illnesses that can later on lead to more severe health complications when as a child enters adulthood. Children who are obese have a greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, and currently more than 80% of children who already are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are obese. In school and often by health care providers we are told daily physical activity and healthy diet are the best ways to maintain optimal health ...


Rising Costs Of Insulin And Effects Of Self-Management In Type 1 Diabetes, Justine Yadao 2022 Dominican University of California

Rising Costs Of Insulin And Effects Of Self-Management In Type 1 Diabetes, Justine Yadao

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes is a chronic condition where the pancreas may not be able to produce little to no insulin. This type of diabetes can be attributed to some factors such as age, family history, environmental factors or types of viruses. It is seen more often in children or adolescence but can develop in adults, averaging approximately 5-10% of the population.

Insulin is a type of hormone produced in the pancreas naturally or can be manufactured in the laboratory. People with Type 1 Diabetes need insulin from an exogenous source to ...


Webinars As A Tool For Increasing Awareness Of Diabetes Prevention And Management Programs, Cindy Jenkins, Carrie Durward, April Litchford, Catherine Hansen, Annette Prall, Caitlyn Jasumback 2022 Utah State University

Webinars As A Tool For Increasing Awareness Of Diabetes Prevention And Management Programs, Cindy Jenkins, Carrie Durward, April Litchford, Catherine Hansen, Annette Prall, Caitlyn Jasumback

Outcomes and Impact Quarterly

Stakeholders sought to reduce the burden of preventable diabetes among adults in Utah via a “Food as Medicine” webinar series. The “Food as Medicine” webinar series sought to increase awareness of and enrollment in public diabetes programs. Evaluation results from the webinar series indicated an increase in awareness of diabetes programs and nutrition information needed to improve personal diabetes management.


An Evaluation Of Covid-19 Vaccination Rates Of The Patients At The Kentucky Racing Health Services Center, Aditya Mehta, Dedra Hayden 2022 University of Louisville

An Evaluation Of Covid-19 Vaccination Rates Of The Patients At The Kentucky Racing Health Services Center, Aditya Mehta, Dedra Hayden

The Cardinal Edge

COVID-19 vaccines have been widely available to the U.S. public since early 2021. However, vaccination rates still vary considerably across geographical areas and different populations. The objective of this study was to research overall vaccination rates against COVID-19 for Latinx patients at the Kentucky Racing Health Services Center (KRHSC). Vaccination and booster data was collected from June to December 2021 for all unique patients visiting the center. It was initially hypothesized that these rates of vaccination and booster doses for the KRHSC patients would be lower than the data reported by Kentucky and Jefferson County. After a retrospective review ...


First-Stage Development Of The Pitjantjatjara Translation Of The World Health Organization’S Alcohol, Smoking And Substance Involvement Screening Test (Assist), Matthew WR Stevens, Dom Barry, Sue Bertossa, Mark Thompson, Robert Ali 2022 University of Adelaide

First-Stage Development Of The Pitjantjatjara Translation Of The World Health Organization’S Alcohol, Smoking And Substance Involvement Screening Test (Assist), Matthew Wr Stevens, Dom Barry, Sue Bertossa, Mark Thompson, Robert Ali

Journal of the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Substance use is a leading contributor to global disease, illness and death. Compared with non-Indigenous Australians, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are at an increased risk of substance-related harms due to the experience of additional social, cultural, and economic factors. While preventive approaches, including screening and early interventions are promising, currently there are limited options available to healthcare workers that are culturally appropriate for use in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Therefore, the aim of this research was to translate and culturally adapt the World Health Organization endorsed, Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) into Pitjantjatjara ...


Patterns And Determinants Of Hiv Postexposure Prophylaxis In A Tertiary Health Facility In Nigeria, Onyinye H. Chime, Edmund O Ndibuagu, Wilfred O. Okenwa 2022 Department of Community Medicine, Enugu State University College of Medicine, Enugu

Patterns And Determinants Of Hiv Postexposure Prophylaxis In A Tertiary Health Facility In Nigeria, Onyinye H. Chime, Edmund O Ndibuagu, Wilfred O. Okenwa

International Journal of Health and Allied Sciences

Background: One of the targets of HIV prevention strategy is to ensure that 95% of the population access prevention services by 2030 with the aspiration of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030. Methods: This is a record-based cross-sectional review. Data was extracted from the PEP registers and treatment folders from January 2017 to December 2021. Results: Non-occupational exposure (82.5%) was reported more than occupational (17.5%). Majority of cases (442) resulted from rape. Only 9.1% of the clients returned for follow-up and all were negative. Conclusion: Behavioral interventions designed to promote HIV risk reduction and protective behaviors should ...


Public Health Liberation – An Emerging Transdiscipline To Elucidate And Transform The Public Health Economy, Christopher Williams MPH, Joy Birungi MSc, Melody Brown MPH, MHSA, James Deutsch MD, PhD, Felecia Williams PhD, MPA, P.S. Perkins MA, Patricia Bishop, Dena Walker, Ebony Moody, Rhonda Hamilton MA, Jehan El-Bayoumi MD 2022 Public Health Liberation

Public Health Liberation – An Emerging Transdiscipline To Elucidate And Transform The Public Health Economy, Christopher Williams Mph, Joy Birungi Msc, Melody Brown Mph, Mhsa, James Deutsch Md, Phd, Felecia Williams Phd, Mpa, P.S. Perkins Ma, Patricia Bishop, Dena Walker, Ebony Moody, Rhonda Hamilton Ma, Jehan El-Bayoumi Md

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Public Health Liberation (PHL) is an innovative general theory of public health aimed at accelerating health equity. This paper provides a rich synthesis of philosophical traditions, novel theories, and approaches to establish the basis for a new public health transdiscipline. The authors argue that the "public health economy" as a single analytic lens elucidates the contradictions and tensions that reproduce vast health inequity. Authored by a majority of Black women, community experiences and perspectives are a major strength of this paper because they draw upon leadership experiences with contemporary issues.

The authors begin by describing their background in public health ...


Ten Years Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Implementation: Challenges And Recommendations, Lili You, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Jinhong Zhao, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu 2022 School of Health Management Policy Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China

Ten Years Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Implementation: Challenges And Recommendations, Lili You, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Jinhong Zhao, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu

General Practice in China

As an important measure to deepen the reform of the medical and pharmaceutical health system, the national essential public health services programs has been carried out for more than ten years. Therefore, it is of great significance to evaluate the effect and remaining problems of the programs over the decade of implementation period (2009-2019) and to further promote the country's basic public health services. With reference to Donabedian quality theory, this paper summarized and analyzed the key problems existing in China's basic public health services from the aspects of project objectives, project contents, operation mechanisms, implementation processes and ...


Progress And Achievements Of The Implementation Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Over The Past Decade, Lili You, Jinhong Zhao, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Meicen Liu, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu 2022 School of Health Management Policy Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China

Progress And Achievements Of The Implementation Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Over The Past Decade, Lili You, Jinhong Zhao, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Meicen Liu, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu

General Practice in China

As an important measure to deepen the reform of the medical and pharmaceutical health system, the national essential public health services programs has been carried out for more than ten years. Therefore, it is of great significance to evaluate the effect and remaining problems of the programs over the decade of implementation period (2009-2019) and to further promote the country's basic public health services. With reference to Donabedian quality theory, this paper summarized and analyzed the key problems existing in China's basic public health services from the aspects of project objectives, project contents, operation mechanisms, implementation processes and ...


The Significance And Experience Of Implementing National Essential Public Health Programs, Lili You, Yuanli Liu 2022 School of Health Management Policy, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China

The Significance And Experience Of Implementing National Essential Public Health Programs, Lili You, Yuanli Liu

General Practice in China

The National Essential Public Health Services Programs (NEPHSP) is a systematic and overall basic public service system arrangement made by the Chinese government at the national level aiming at the main health problems existing in urban and rural residents and targeting at key population key diseases and the whole population. Year of 2019 is the tenth anniversary of the NEPHSP implementation. This article summarized the significance of implementing NEPHSP based on a 10-year evaluation of NEPHSP from four aspects: universal health coverage, Healthy China 2030 strategy, China's deepening health system reform and major institutional innovation. At the same time ...


Research Hotspots And Evolution On Hierarchical Diagnosis And Treatment System In China, Qinde Wu 2022 1.School of Economics and Management,Fuzhou University,Fuzhou 350116,China 2.Fujian Medical University Union Hospital,Fuzhou 350001,China

Research Hotspots And Evolution On Hierarchical Diagnosis And Treatment System In China, Qinde Wu

General Practice in China

Background The hierarchical diagnosis and treatment system has become the top priority of deepening medical reform at present, and it is particularly important to understand its research hotspots and evolution.ObjectiveTo systematically summarize the development trend and evolution process of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment system in China and grasp its knowledge base, research hotspots and development trends, in order to provide scientific reference for subsequent research.Methods China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI) database was used as the data source and "hierarchical diagnosis" "hierarchical treatment" "ladder network of medical prevention" "hierarchical medical system and division of labor in blocks" "hierarchical medical ...


Analysis Of Prevalence Characteristics Of Post-Stroke Complications And Recommendations For Optimization Of Primary Management, Bin Jing 2022 1.Department of neuroepidemiology, Beijing neurosurgery Institute, Beijing, 100070,China 2.Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100070,China 3.Beijing Key Laboratory of clinical epidemiology, Beijing, 100070,China

Analysis Of Prevalence Characteristics Of Post-Stroke Complications And Recommendations For Optimization Of Primary Management, Bin Jing

General Practice in China

Stroke is the leading cause of death among Chinese residents,with the improvement of hospital treatment level,the number of stroke survivors returning to the community is also increasing.This has greatly increased the demand for primary community health services,but also brought great challenges to the grassroots community health services.This article discusses the risk factors of stroke survivors in the community and the epidemiological characteristics of post-stroke complications,the grass-roots management plan after stroke recommended based on evidence or expert consensus,and how to establish and optimize the grass-roots management system after stroke,which aims to improve existing ...


Prevention And Control Of Major Infectious Diseases In Primary Health Care Organizations:Experiences,Problems And Countermeasures From Case-Based Studies, Yi Qin, Yuanying Huang, Zhongchen He, Jian Zhang, Lan Luo, Guizhong Tang 2022 School of Public Health and Management,Chongqing Medical University,Chongqing 400016,China

Prevention And Control Of Major Infectious Diseases In Primary Health Care Organizations:Experiences,Problems And Countermeasures From Case-Based Studies, Yi Qin, Yuanying Huang, Zhongchen He, Jian Zhang, Lan Luo, Guizhong Tang

General Practice in China

As the providers of public health and essential medical and health services,primary health care organizations play an increasingly important role in the prevention and treatment of major infectious diseases. However,as revealed by actions in containing the 2003 SARS epidemic,2009 H1N1 pandemic and COVID-19 pandemic,their capacities in the containment of such diseases are unsatisfactory,with specific manifestations of imperfection of primary containment mechanisms for infectious diseases,insufficient primary health resources,oversights in preventive health education and low level of informatization. Hence,we proposed the following recommended solutions:further reforming the infectious diseases emergency preparedness and response mechanism ...


Level Of Trust In Health Care Systems During Covid-19 Pandemic Among Health Care Workers Of Pakistan, Asmara Ahmed Malik, Sobia Awan, Ali Tahir Rana, Jahanzeb Malik, Uzma Ishaq, Mamoona Zahoor, Syed Muhammad Jawad Zaidi 2022 Department of Community Medicine, National University of Medical Sciences

Level Of Trust In Health Care Systems During Covid-19 Pandemic Among Health Care Workers Of Pakistan, Asmara Ahmed Malik, Sobia Awan, Ali Tahir Rana, Jahanzeb Malik, Uzma Ishaq, Mamoona Zahoor, Syed Muhammad Jawad Zaidi

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

This survey aimed to evaluate the levels of trust and satisfaction among healthcare workers towards the national healthcare delivery system and whether it has been affected by the global disruption created by COVID-19. This was an analytical cross-sectional study that took place from January to October 2021 at a tertiary level health care facility in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, using an online data collection tool. Our sample included 10, 133 healthcare workers of all cadres. Our study found a significant level of distrust of healthcare workers towards multiple aspects of the healthcare delivery system, particularly towards government agencies and other members of ...


When Keeping It Real Is Required: Challenging The Pandemic Of Racism In Lactation Land, Tameka Jackson-Dyer 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

When Keeping It Real Is Required: Challenging The Pandemic Of Racism In Lactation Land, Tameka Jackson-Dyer

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Human milk is the optimal source of nutrition for infants, but few are able to provide their milk to their babies for the minimum twelve months recommended by health experts. This is especially true for Black women. Due to structural racism embedded in medical care, implicit bias of healthcare providers and generational traumas that began during American chattel slavery, Black women are less likely than every other ethnic group to initiate breastfeeding. Those that do are often sabotaged by unsupportive systems and lack of access to clinically-skilled, culturally respectful lactation consultants. Calling out the racism that exists in Lactation Land ...


The Impact Of The Juntos Conditional Cash Transfer Programme On Foundational Cognitive Skills: Does Age Of Enrollment Matter?, Douglas Scott, Jennifer Lopez, Alan Sánchez, Jere R. Behrman 2022 University of Oxford

The Impact Of The Juntos Conditional Cash Transfer Programme On Foundational Cognitive Skills: Does Age Of Enrollment Matter?, Douglas Scott, Jennifer Lopez, Alan Sánchez, Jere R. Behrman

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This paper studies the relationship between the age of enrolment in Peru’s conditional cash transfer programme, JUNTOS, and the foundational cognitive skills of a sample of children aged between 5 and 12 years old. Using a difference-in-differences approach and exploiting within-household variation, we show that younger siblings in recipient households display significantly higher levels of inhibitory control than their older counterparts (0.11 standard deviations), having benefited from the programme for the first time at a relatively earlier age. In high-income countries, this behavioural trait has been linked to later-life outcomes such as job success, physical health, and even ...


Evaluation Of The Control Of Water Sanitation And Hygiene Related Disease Through Community Hygiene Club Intervention In Rwanda, Amans Ntakarutimana, Elias Nyandwi, Nadine Rujeni, Chantal Marie Ingabire Dr, Kato Jonas Njunwa, Théoneste Ntakirutimana, Gaspard Rwanyiziri, Joseph Tuyishimire, Schaddrack Ngabonziza 2022 University of Rwanda

Evaluation Of The Control Of Water Sanitation And Hygiene Related Disease Through Community Hygiene Club Intervention In Rwanda, Amans Ntakarutimana, Elias Nyandwi, Nadine Rujeni, Chantal Marie Ingabire Dr, Kato Jonas Njunwa, Théoneste Ntakirutimana, Gaspard Rwanyiziri, Joseph Tuyishimire, Schaddrack Ngabonziza

Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences

This article consists of a review article reporting the results of previous evaluations of the control of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) related disease through the Community Hygiene Club (CHC) intervention from 2010 to 2020. CHC constitutes the main intervention for the control of WASH-related disease in Rwanda and is implemented countrywide. The study objective was to evaluate if the CHC intervention significantly reduced the prevalence of WASH-related disease after 10 years of its implementation in Rwanda. The study utilized online existing policy documents, research reports, and experiences on the CHC intervention in Rwanda published between 2010 and 2020. We ...


Telemedicine And Healthcare Implications For Central Virginia: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Patricia A. Lynch, Charletta H. Barringer-Brown, Daniel N. Brown, Taneisha D. Brown 2022 Virginia State University

Telemedicine And Healthcare Implications For Central Virginia: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Patricia A. Lynch, Charletta H. Barringer-Brown, Daniel N. Brown, Taneisha D. Brown

Journal of Research Initiatives

Background: Uncertainties and challenges associated with COVID-19 have affected the efficient delivery of health care in Central Virginia. Integrating and redesigning health systems could boost the quality and efficiency of care delivery. Telemedicine has been suggested as a viable solution to increase virtual access to patient advocacy healthcare education and training programs and has the potential to help facilitate the delivery of health services to rural and remote areas. It is projected that access to quality telehealth services can minimize the need for in-person hospital visitation amid the pandemic. The innovation also facilitates remote assessment of patients and monitoring of ...


A Qualitative Investigation Of Individual, Interpersonal, And Institutional Contributions To Postpartum Work-Family Balance, Sidney Smith, Laura Schwab Reese, Kilian Kelly, Tessa Bauman, Madison Wierenga, Anna Bohning, Andrea L. DeMaria 2022 Purdue University

A Qualitative Investigation Of Individual, Interpersonal, And Institutional Contributions To Postpartum Work-Family Balance, Sidney Smith, Laura Schwab Reese, Kilian Kelly, Tessa Bauman, Madison Wierenga, Anna Bohning, Andrea L. Demaria

Health Behavior Research

Managing personal and professional responsibilities may be challenging during the postpartum period, as employees navigate new roles, responsibilities, and family dynamics. The purpose of this paper was to understand the work/life balance experiences of diverse stakeholders and identify opportunities to improve the work environment. We conducted a series of in-depth focus groups with faculty, staff, and graduate students (n = 22), and in-depth interviews with administrators (n = 10) at a research-intensive university in the United States. A six-phase thematic analysis approach was used to examine the experiences and perspectives of individuals with different roles. Three themes with subsequent subthemes emerged ...


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