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Congenital Syphilis In The Medicaid Program: Assessing Challenges And Opportunities Through The Experiences Of Seven Southern States, Naomi Seiler, Claire Heyison, Paige Organick-Lee, Aaron Karacuschansky, Gregory Dwyer, Alexis Osei, Helen Stoll, Katie Horton 2023 George Washington University

Congenital Syphilis In The Medicaid Program: Assessing Challenges And Opportunities Through The Experiences Of Seven Southern States, Naomi Seiler, Claire Heyison, Paige Organick-Lee, Aaron Karacuschansky, Gregory Dwyer, Alexis Osei, Helen Stoll, Katie Horton

Health Policy and Management Informal Communications

Congenital syphilis (CS) is an infection acquired in utero that can lead to devastating outcomes, including stillbirth, infant death, or long-term health complications. Over the past decade, rising national rates of syphilis, including among women, have led to major increases in congenital syphilis cases and deaths.

CS is tragic and costly, but it is also preventable. With appropriate testing and treatment during prenatal care, syphilis in a pregnant woman can be identified and treated, and transmission to the fetus averted.

The Medicaid program is the payer for nearly half of all births in the U.S., making the program a crucial …


Factors Influencing The Utilization Of Antenatal Care, Institutional Delivery, And Postnatal Care Services Among Women In Bangladesh, Akibul Islam Chowdhury, Mohammad Asadul Habib, Tanjina Rahman 2022 Department of Food Technology and Nutrition Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali 3814, Bangladesh

Factors Influencing The Utilization Of Antenatal Care, Institutional Delivery, And Postnatal Care Services Among Women In Bangladesh, Akibul Islam Chowdhury, Mohammad Asadul Habib, Tanjina Rahman

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: In Bangladesh, the utilization of maternal health services is low, which triggers pregnancy-related complications and maternal deaths. The current community-based cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the factors associated with antenatal care (ANC), institutional delivery, and postnatal care (PNC) service utilization among women in selected areas of Southwest Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Methods: The study was carried out among 391 mothers from rural and urban areas. Data were collected using a standard questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the significant determinants associated with maternity care service utilization.

Results: Result shows that approximately 65%, 71%, and 72% …


An Updated Look At Mental Health Services In American Public And Private Prisons, Lieren E. Tyira 2022 CUNY John Jay College

An Updated Look At Mental Health Services In American Public And Private Prisons, Lieren E. Tyira

Student Theses

People residing in American prisons have the legal right to mental health care while incarcerated (Justia, 2021). This is important, as the prevalence of mental disorders is high in this population (Prins, 2014), and incarceration is a psychologically damaging experience, which hinders a person’s success at rehabilitation. Numerous of issues related to the mental health services (MHSs) in both public and private prison facilities have been reported in recent years, which warrants systematic exploration. The little existing research comparing the presence of MHSs in these facilities has produced mixed results, it uses out-of-date datasets, and none has explored MHSs in …


Understanding The Experiences Of African American Caregivers Of Loved Ones With Dementia, Paula R. Madison 2022 Seton Hall University

Understanding The Experiences Of African American Caregivers Of Loved Ones With Dementia, Paula R. Madison

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Background: Dementia is a public health problem that is estimated to triple by 2050.Globally, dementia is the seventh leading cause of death among all diseases and one of the major causes of disability and dependency among older people. The direct medical costs and indirect social and economic costs of dementia are burdensome to society, and by 2030 it is projected to cost more than $2.8 TRILLION dollars worldwide. African Americans are two to four times more likely to be diagnosed with dementia than White Americans; and more likely to rely on informal care from family and friends. African …


The Clinical Healthcare Provided To Homeless Communities Across The United States: A Literature Review, Saylor Sisemore 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Clinical Healthcare Provided To Homeless Communities Across The United States: A Literature Review, Saylor Sisemore

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Homelessness has become a global public health concern as it results in poorer physical and mental health than age-matched people living in permanent housing (Ortiz & Roser, 2017). The area that comprises Northwest Arkansas (NWA), like other areas of the United States experiencing rapid growth, has seen a marked increase in the number of people experiencing homelessness in recent years. The homeless population is one of the most vulnerable and underserved groups of individuals in NWA and beyond. Public health nursing as a discipline is dedicated to providing compassionate care and exceptional service for all members of communities, with special …


Lessons Learned: Covid-19 In Post-Corrections Secured Behavioral Rehabilitation, Jennifer G. Jones, Maria deValpine, Erica J. Lewis 2022 James Madison University

Lessons Learned: Covid-19 In Post-Corrections Secured Behavioral Rehabilitation, Jennifer G. Jones, Maria Devalpine, Erica J. Lewis

Virginia Journal of Public Health

Background: The COVID-19 case rate on June 5, 2020, for prisoners in the United States (US) was 5.5 times higher than the US population case rate (Saloner et al., 2020). Secure facilities were challenged to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. One secure behavioral rehabilitation facility made many changes to facility and program protocols to meet this challenge.

Methods: The purpose of this program evaluation was to assess newly implemented infection control measures at a secure behavioral rehabilitation facility and to inform policy and procedure recommendations for the mitigation of COVID-19 transmission in congregate living facilities in the future. Case rates, …


Screening For Social Determinants Of Health To Improve Care In Pediatric Patients With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections: A Scoping Review, Emily Gray MSN, FNP-C, Michelle Rickard DNP, CPNP-AC 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Screening For Social Determinants Of Health To Improve Care In Pediatric Patients With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections: A Scoping Review, Emily Gray Msn, Fnp-C, Michelle Rickard Dnp, Cpnp-Ac

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose: To describe what is known about how SDoH screening impacts adherence to treatment in pediatric patients with recurrent UTIs.


Determinants Of Ambulatory Patients’ Satisfaction With Encounter At Core Service Stations In A Tertiary Hospital Of A Developing Country, Ndubuisi Emuka Opurum, Ogaji Samuel Daprim, Felix Emeka Anyiam 2022 University of Port Harcourt

Determinants Of Ambulatory Patients’ Satisfaction With Encounter At Core Service Stations In A Tertiary Hospital Of A Developing Country, Ndubuisi Emuka Opurum, Ogaji Samuel Daprim, Felix Emeka Anyiam

Patient Experience Journal

Patients may have different and complex convictions of what their idea of satisfaction is, which may not be addressed regarding what they perceive as satisfaction. Therefore, using the patients’ demographic and clinical characteristics could tailor the individual needs of these patients, hence, providing feedback and recommendations on improvement in services provided. This study examined the determinants of patients’ satisfaction with general outpatient department (GOPD) services of a tertiary hospital in Rivers State, Nigeria. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among new and repeat patients attending the GOPD of the University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria. A structured …


Technology About Me Without Me: An Examination Of The Relationship Between Patient-Facing Technology And Patient Experience, Geoffrey A. Silvera PhD, MHA, Courtney N. Haun PhD, MPH 2022 University of Alabama-Birmingham

Technology About Me Without Me: An Examination Of The Relationship Between Patient-Facing Technology And Patient Experience, Geoffrey A. Silvera Phd, Mha, Courtney N. Haun Phd, Mph

Patient Experience Journal

To appreciate the role of electronic health records (EHRs) in achieving the goals of patient-centered care, scholars have focused primarily on the influence of EHR capabilities on clinical providers’ behaviors. The objective of this study is to examine the degree to which patient-facing technology (P-Tech) in U.S. hospital EHRs are associated with patient evaluations of their care experience. A cross-sectional OLS regression is executed to examine the relationship between P-Tech and patient experience on a sample of U.S. hospitals (n=1,168) compiled via data from CMS, the American Hospital Association’s (AHA) Annual Survey (2014), and the AHA Health …


Living With Multiple Sclerosis As A Former Marathon Runner: Impact Of Attitude And Past Behaviour On Self-Care Maintenance And Perseverance, Michael Stephanou 2022 University of Oxford

Living With Multiple Sclerosis As A Former Marathon Runner: Impact Of Attitude And Past Behaviour On Self-Care Maintenance And Perseverance, Michael Stephanou

Patient Experience Journal

As healthcare professionals, we have a duty to promote the wellbeing of individuals living with chronic diseases and this could be accomplished through the establishment of self-care strategies that are both collaborative and self-directed. Insight into the complex behaviours and backgrounds of individuals who show initiative in dealing with chronic disease could help achieve this by revealing drivers of health-seeking and engaging behaviours. Therefore, by deducing the complex interactions between attitude, past experiences and disease outlook, broader patient welfare could be championed through the implementation of targeted interventions which promote self-care in chronic disease. This article aims to explore these …


Working Out The Kinks: Creating Solutions To Assist Health Care Workers To Take Vital Signs Through Effective Cable Management, Carl R. Russell III, Emily J. Linder, Maya A. Godbole 2022 Purdue University

Working Out The Kinks: Creating Solutions To Assist Health Care Workers To Take Vital Signs Through Effective Cable Management, Carl R. Russell Iii, Emily J. Linder, Maya A. Godbole

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

EPICS (Engineering Projects in Community Service) is a service-learning design program run through Purdue University. It strives to teach students design skills through providing solutions for individuals, communities, and organizations in the surrounding area while mirroring engineering industry standards. BME (Bio-medical Engineering) is a team within EPICS that strives to serve community partners through biomedical applications. Members of a health care team often spend valuable time organizing cables associated with machines used to take patients’ vital signs. Due to time constraints and the fast-paced work environment, these cables may be mismanaged and damaged. The BME team is working on a …


The Correlation Between Transformational Leadership And Mental Health Clinician Burnout, Rebekah Shutter 2022 Abilene Christian University

The Correlation Between Transformational Leadership And Mental Health Clinician Burnout, Rebekah Shutter

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Mental health clinicians working in a hospital setting are at a high risk of experiencing burnout due to the stressful demands of their caseloads, compassion fatigue, limited resources, and unsupportive leadership. While there is ample research regarding the cause and effect of burnout on clinicians there is a gap in the literature when it comes to the impact leadership has on mental heath clinician burnout. The purpose of this quantitative, correlational study is to determine if and to what extent there is a correlation between Transformational Leadership and mental health clinician burnout. Participants for this study consisted of 200 mental …


Policy Forum: Examining The Relationship Between Vacant Health Director Positions & Public Health, Ben Barber 2022 James Madison University

Policy Forum: Examining The Relationship Between Vacant Health Director Positions & Public Health, Ben Barber

Virginia Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


The Experiences And Challenges Of Community Health Volunteers As Agents For Behaviour Change Programming In Africa: A Scoping Review, Mary Ndu, Ellena Andoniou, Sorcha McNally, Francisco Olea Popelka, Marisa Tippet, Elysee Nouvet 2022 University of Western Ontario

The Experiences And Challenges Of Community Health Volunteers As Agents For Behaviour Change Programming In Africa: A Scoping Review, Mary Ndu, Ellena Andoniou, Sorcha Mcnally, Francisco Olea Popelka, Marisa Tippet, Elysee Nouvet

Health Studies Publications

ommunity health volunteers are considered a vital part of the community health structure in Africa. Despite this vital role in African health systems, very little is known about the community health volunteers’ day-to-day lived experiences providing services in communities and supporting other health workers. This scoping review aims to advance understanding of the day-to-day experiences of community health volunteers in Africa. In doing so, this review draws attention to these under-considered actors in African health systems and identifies critical factors and conditions that represent challenges to community health volunteers’ work in this context. Ultimately, our goal is to provide a …


Safe, Supportive Neighborhoods: Are They Associated With Childhood Oral Health?, Elizabeth L. Crouch, Joni Nelson, Radhika Ranganathan, Melinda A. Merrell, Amy Martin 2022 University of South Carolina

Safe, Supportive Neighborhoods: Are They Associated With Childhood Oral Health?, Elizabeth L. Crouch, Joni Nelson, Radhika Ranganathan, Melinda A. Merrell, Amy Martin

Faculty Publications

Objective

There has been limited examination of how community-level supports may influence oral health metrics among children. The purpose of our study is to examine the association between two types of community-level positive childhood experiences and oral healthcare and oral health outcomes among children ages 6 to 17 years of age.

Methods

This study uses a cross-sectional data set from the 2018–2019 National Survey of Children's Health. Two oral health metrics were used: preventive dental care, measured as one or more preventive dental visits in the past 12 months, and tooth decay, measured as tooth decay or cavities in the …


Should Health Systems Share Genetic Findings With At-Risk Relatives When The Proband Is Deceased? Interviews With Individuals Diagnosed With Lynch Syndrome, Jessica Ezzell Hunter, Jennifer L. Schneider, Alison J. Firemark, James V. Davis, Sara Gille, Pamala A. Pawloski, Su-Ying Liang, Victoria Schlieder, Alanna Kulchak Rahm 2022 RTI International

Should Health Systems Share Genetic Findings With At-Risk Relatives When The Proband Is Deceased? Interviews With Individuals Diagnosed With Lynch Syndrome, Jessica Ezzell Hunter, Jennifer L. Schneider, Alison J. Firemark, James V. Davis, Sara Gille, Pamala A. Pawloski, Su-Ying Liang, Victoria Schlieder, Alanna Kulchak Rahm

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Genetic information has health implications for patients and their biological relatives. Death of a patient before sharing a genetic diagnosis with at-risk relatives is a missed opportunity to provide important information that could guide interventions to minimize cancer-related morbidity and mortality in relatives.

Methods: We performed semi-structured interviews with individuals diagnosed with Lynch syndrome at 1 of 4 health systems to explore their perspectives on whether health systems should share genetic risk information with relatives following a patient’s death. An inductive, open-coding approach was used to analyze audio-recorded content, with software-generated code reports undergoing iterative comparative analysis by a …


Ten Years Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Implementation: Challenges And Recommendations, Lili You, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Jinhong Zhao, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu 2022 School of Health Management Policy Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China

Ten Years Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Implementation: Challenges And Recommendations, Lili You, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Jinhong Zhao, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu

General Practice in China

As an important measure to deepen the reform of the medical and pharmaceutical health system, the national essential public health services programs has been carried out for more than ten years. Therefore, it is of great significance to evaluate the effect and remaining problems of the programs over the decade of implementation period (2009-2019) and to further promote the country's basic public health services. With reference to Donabedian quality theory, this paper summarized and analyzed the key problems existing in China's basic public health services from the aspects of project objectives, project contents, operation mechanisms, implementation processes and effects, and …


Progress And Achievements Of The Implementation Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Over The Past Decade, Lili You, Jinhong Zhao, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Meicen Liu, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu 2022 School of Health Management Policy Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China

Progress And Achievements Of The Implementation Of National Essential Public Health Services Programs Over The Past Decade, Lili You, Jinhong Zhao, Xinyue Chen, Linghe Yang, Meicen Liu, Yuting Pan, Siqi Zhang, Yuanli Liu

General Practice in China

As an important measure to deepen the reform of the medical and pharmaceutical health system, the national essential public health services programs has been carried out for more than ten years. Therefore, it is of great significance to evaluate the effect and remaining problems of the programs over the decade of implementation period (2009-2019) and to further promote the country's basic public health services. With reference to Donabedian quality theory, this paper summarized and analyzed the key problems existing in China's basic public health services from the aspects of project objectives, project contents, operation mechanisms, implementation processes and effects, and …


The Significance And Experience Of Implementing National Essential Public Health Programs, Lili You, Yuanli Liu 2022 School of Health Management Policy, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China

The Significance And Experience Of Implementing National Essential Public Health Programs, Lili You, Yuanli Liu

General Practice in China

The National Essential Public Health Services Programs (NEPHSP) is a systematic and overall basic public service system arrangement made by the Chinese government at the national level aiming at the main health problems existing in urban and rural residents and targeting at key population key diseases and the whole population. Year of 2019 is the tenth anniversary of the NEPHSP implementation. This article summarized the significance of implementing NEPHSP based on a 10-year evaluation of NEPHSP from four aspects: universal health coverage, Healthy China 2030 strategy, China's deepening health system reform and major institutional innovation. At the same time, several …


Research Hotspots And Evolution On Hierarchical Diagnosis And Treatment System In China, Qinde Wu 2022 1.School of Economics and Management,Fuzhou University,Fuzhou 350116,China 2.Fujian Medical University Union Hospital,Fuzhou 350001,China

Research Hotspots And Evolution On Hierarchical Diagnosis And Treatment System In China, Qinde Wu

General Practice in China

Background The hierarchical diagnosis and treatment system has become the top priority of deepening medical reform at present, and it is particularly important to understand its research hotspots and evolution.ObjectiveTo systematically summarize the development trend and evolution process of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment system in China and grasp its knowledge base, research hotspots and development trends, in order to provide scientific reference for subsequent research.Methods China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI) database was used as the data source and "hierarchical diagnosis" "hierarchical treatment" "ladder network of medical prevention" "hierarchical medical system and division of labor in blocks" "hierarchical medical and service system …


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