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People Perspectives In The Deployment Of Data Analytics For New Knowledge Generation In Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, Marcus O'Mahony Dr. 2022 Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Technology Centre, Bernal Institute, University of Limerick, Ireland

People Perspectives In The Deployment Of Data Analytics For New Knowledge Generation In Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, Marcus O'Mahony Dr.

Level 3

Digital medicine manufacturing of the future will almost certainly involve greater use of advanced analytics tools for more data-driven decision-making. In this article, the role of people in the deployment of data analytics tools within the pharmaceutical manufacturing setting is explored. Some perspectives are presented for how people can make sense of working cross-functionally on the analytics journey to deliver new knowledge and insights that enable data-driven decisions to be made. Data analytics is defined and is proposed as a critical common ground between the “on-the-ground” data practitioners and the decision-makers who act on new knowledge. Reference is made to …


Steps Towards Digital Transformation In The Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Landscape Knowledge-Enabled Technology Transfer, Anne Greene Professor, Martin Lipa Dr 2022 PRST,TU Dublin

Steps Towards Digital Transformation In The Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Landscape Knowledge-Enabled Technology Transfer, Anne Greene Professor, Martin Lipa Dr

Level 3

No abstract provided.


Stereocontrolled Access To Δ-Lactone-Fused-Γ-Lactams Bearing Angular Benzylic Quaternary Stereocenters, Timothy K. Beng, Morgan J. Rodriguez, Claire Borg 2022 Central Washington University

Stereocontrolled Access To Δ-Lactone-Fused-Γ-Lactams Bearing Angular Benzylic Quaternary Stereocenters, Timothy K. Beng, Morgan J. Rodriguez, Claire Borg

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of the Sciences

C-fused γ-lactam-lactones are resident in several bioactive molecules, including anticancer agents such as omuralide. In this embodiment, we report mild conditions for the catalytic halolactonization of lactam-tethered 5-aryl-4(E)-pentenoic acids. The use of dichloromethane as the solvent and Ph3PS as the catalyst led to predominant 6-endo-trig cyclization and furnished the trans-fused-γ-lactam-δ-lactones. The transformation is modular, regioselective, chemoselective, and diastereoselective. The γ-lactam-δ-lactones bear angular quaternary benzylic stereocenters, which is noteworthy since the presence of a quaternary carbon in bioactive small molecules often promotes an element of conformational restriction that imparts potency, selectivity, and metabolic stability. The …


A Cost-Effectiveness Study Comparing Ready-Toadminister And Traditional Vial-And-Syringe Method For Opioids, Prachi Arora, Maria Muehrcke, John Hertig 2022 Butler University

A Cost-Effectiveness Study Comparing Ready-Toadminister And Traditional Vial-And-Syringe Method For Opioids, Prachi Arora, Maria Muehrcke, John Hertig

Scholarship and Professional Work – COPHS

No abstract provided.


Analyzing Factors Impacting Time To Full Approval Of Innovative Drugs Via An Accelerated Approval Pathway In The United States, Eleanor Panico 2022 Seton Hall University

Analyzing Factors Impacting Time To Full Approval Of Innovative Drugs Via An Accelerated Approval Pathway In The United States, Eleanor Panico

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Background and purpose of study: Pharmaceutical drugs are commonly used to treat various ailments and the pharmaceutical industry is increasingly leveraging expedited pathways to market, like the FDA’s accelerated approval pathway. Thus, these pathways are becoming more prevalent and thus more scrutinized for reliability. A consequence from this increased utilization is observed variability in time to reach full approval from the point accelerated approval was received. Variables that may impact time and ability to reach full approval should be further investigated. The purpose of this study was to explore, identify and predict variables that may influence time from accelerated approval …


Catchem Before They Fall Through The Cracks: Implementation Of A Comprehensive Atherosclerosis Treatment Collaborative Health System Transition Of Care Multidisciplinary Clinic, Youssef Bessada, Taki Galanis, Brandi Thoma, Luis Eraso, Walter Kraft, Geno Merli, Dina Orapallo, Lynda Thomson, Heather Yenser 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Catchem Before They Fall Through The Cracks: Implementation Of A Comprehensive Atherosclerosis Treatment Collaborative Health System Transition Of Care Multidisciplinary Clinic, Youssef Bessada, Taki Galanis, Brandi Thoma, Luis Eraso, Walter Kraft, Geno Merli, Dina Orapallo, Lynda Thomson, Heather Yenser

Pharmacy Presentations, Posters, and Grand Rounds

Introduction: Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a common atherosclerotic cardiovascular (CV) disease that increases the risk for fatal and non-fatal CV events. Guidelines for the treatment of PAD recommend that in addition to necessary revascularization, general CV prevention with optimal medical therapy is of utmost importance and management is recommended to be multidisciplinary. While the prevalence of PAD in various practices is high, physician awareness of the PAD diagnosis is relatively low and the pharmacological component of preventative CV care is often underutilized resulting in patients receiving less intensive treatment. With new pharmacological agents, including advances in antithrombotic therapy, contributing …


Enhanced Antioxidant, Antiviral, And Anticancer Activities Of The Extract Of Fermented Egyptian Rice Bran Complexed With Hydroxypropyl-Β-Cyclodextrin, Khaled Nematallah, Sherif Ashraf Fahmy, Noha Khalil Mahdy, Hesham El-Askry, Meselhy Ragab Meselhy, Hassan El-Said Azzazy 2022 The British University in Egypt

Enhanced Antioxidant, Antiviral, And Anticancer Activities Of The Extract Of Fermented Egyptian Rice Bran Complexed With Hydroxypropyl-Β-Cyclodextrin, Khaled Nematallah, Sherif Ashraf Fahmy, Noha Khalil Mahdy, Hesham El-Askry, Meselhy Ragab Meselhy, Hassan El-Said Azzazy

Pharmacy

Egyptian rice bran was fermented with baker’s yeast, and released phenolics were extracted with aqueous methanol to give fermented rice bran extract (FRBE). The analysis of the FRBE with ultra-performance liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization–tandem mass spectrometry revealed 21 compounds, mainly phenolic acids and flavonoids. The FRBE was then complexed with (2-hydroxypropyl)-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) via noncovalent host–guest inclusion complexation using the thin-film hydration technique to improve the hydrophilicity and bioactivity of the FRBE. The formation of the inclusion complex was confirmed using HPLC, 1H NMR, FT-IR, and a phase solubility study. In addition, the biological activities of the complex were investigated. The FRBE/HPβCD …


A Detailed Parameter Study Into The Dermal Absorption Of Chemical Warfare Agents And The Effects Of Pharmacokinetics, Koko Lear 2022 New Jersey Institute of Technology

A Detailed Parameter Study Into The Dermal Absorption Of Chemical Warfare Agents And The Effects Of Pharmacokinetics, Koko Lear

Theses

Chemical warfare agents (CWAs) are substances of varying toxicity profiles. These chemicals exhibit complex dynamics and pose a serious health risk when released into the environment. A mathematical model based on Fick’s second law of diffusion was developed to comprehend how these compounds were absorbed into the skin. The analysis applied to both small and large doses and, successfully, predicted experimental results. This work also includes the effects of CWA physicochemical properties on evaporation and dermal absorption through the stratum corneum. A sensitivity analysis was conducted to assess the impacts of small variations in the initial dose, environmental conditions, and …


Crude Extract Of Desmodium Gangeticum Process Anticancer Activity Via Arresting Cell Cycle In G1 And Modulating Cell Cycle-Related Protein Expression In A549 Human Lung Carcinoma Cells, Yuh-Fung Chen, Yi-Hsien Lu, Huei-Yann Tsai 2022 China Medical University - Taiwan

Crude Extract Of Desmodium Gangeticum Process Anticancer Activity Via Arresting Cell Cycle In G1 And Modulating Cell Cycle-Related Protein Expression In A549 Human Lung Carcinoma Cells, Yuh-Fung Chen, Yi-Hsien Lu, Huei-Yann Tsai

BioMedicine

Background: Desmodium gangeticum (L.)DC., which belongs to the Leguminosae family, has been used in Taiwan and other subtropical countries as an external medicine to remove blood stasis, activate blood circulation, and reduce inflammation. It has been reported to have antioxidant effects and improve inflammatory responses in rats stimulated by pro-inflammatory agents and induced gastric ulcers in experimental animals over the past few decades. This plant has also been used to treat parasitic infections, but there are no reports regarding its effects on lung cancer. Therefore, this study attempted to investigate its water crude extract (in abbreviation DG) on lung …


Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1-Bound Extracellular Vesicle As Novel Therapy For Osteoarthritis, Bryan Gervais de Liyis, John Nolan, Made Agus Maharjana 2022 Udayana University, Bali

Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1-Bound Extracellular Vesicle As Novel Therapy For Osteoarthritis, Bryan Gervais De Liyis, John Nolan, Made Agus Maharjana

BioMedicine

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint condition that causes significant impairment of the chondrocyte. The gradual degradation of the cartilage lining of one or more freely moving joints, as well as persistent inflammation, are the causes of osteoarthritis. Current medication focus on alleviating symptoms rather than curing the condition. The aim of this review is to evaluate the potential use of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 extracellular vesicle as novel therapy for osteoarthritis. This review article was completed by searching for the keywords “Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1”, “Extracellular Vesicle”, and “Osteoarthritis” in various journals in several search engines. Of the …


Comparative Studies Between The Murine Immortalized Brain Endothelial Cell Line (Bend.3) And Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Human Brain Endothelial Cells For Paracellular Transport, Jiahong Sun, Weijun Ou, Derick Han, Annlia Paganini-Hill, Mark J. Fisher, Rachita K. Sumbria 2022 Chapman University

Comparative Studies Between The Murine Immortalized Brain Endothelial Cell Line (Bend.3) And Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Human Brain Endothelial Cells For Paracellular Transport, Jiahong Sun, Weijun Ou, Derick Han, Annlia Paganini-Hill, Mark J. Fisher, Rachita K. Sumbria

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Brain microvascular endothelial cells, forming the anatomical site of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), are widely used as in vitro complements to in vivo BBB studies. Among the immortalized cells used as in vitro BBB models, the murine-derived bEnd.3 cells offer culturing consistency and low cost and are well characterized for functional and transport assays, but result in low transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER). Human-induced pluripotent stem cells differentiated into brain microvascular endothelial cells (ihBMECs) have superior barrier properties, but the process of differentiation is time-consuming and can result in mixed endothelial-epithelial gene expression. Here we performed a side-by-side comparison of the …


Full- Versus Sub-Regional Quantification Of Amyloid-Beta Load On Mouse Brain Sections, Yuu Ohno, Riley Murphy, Matthew Choi, Weijun Ou, Rachita K. Sumbria 2022 Keck Graduate Institute

Full- Versus Sub-Regional Quantification Of Amyloid-Beta Load On Mouse Brain Sections, Yuu Ohno, Riley Murphy, Matthew Choi, Weijun Ou, Rachita K. Sumbria

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Extracellular accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques is one of the major pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and is the target of the only FDA-approved disease-modifying treatment for AD. Accordingly, the use of transgenic mouse models that overexpress the amyloid precursor protein and thereby accumulate cerebral Aβ plaques are widely used to model human AD in mice. Therefore, immunoassays, including enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunostaining, commonly measure the Aβ load in brain tissues derived from AD transgenic mice. Though the methods for Aβ detection and quantification have been well established and documented, the impact of the size of the …


American Association Of Colleges Of Pharmacy (Aacp) Co-Curriculum Toolkit, Abir Kanaan, Andrea Mekonnen, April Staton, Cameron C. Lindsey, Dave Weldon, Farid G. Khalafalla, Jaime Maerten-Rivera, Kelly Shields, Lara Gomez, Laressa Bethishou, Maria Thurston, Mike Fulford, Nandita Das, Priti Patel, Rebecca Kavanagh, Stacey Olstad, Zachary Jenkins 2022 Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

American Association Of Colleges Of Pharmacy (Aacp) Co-Curriculum Toolkit, Abir Kanaan, Andrea Mekonnen, April Staton, Cameron C. Lindsey, Dave Weldon, Farid G. Khalafalla, Jaime Maerten-Rivera, Kelly Shields, Lara Gomez, Laressa Bethishou, Maria Thurston, Mike Fulford, Nandita Das, Priti Patel, Rebecca Kavanagh, Stacey Olstad, Zachary Jenkins

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

"The co-curriculum is intended to run parallel to the formal curriculum and support the development of students’ professional knowledge, skills, abilities, behaviors, and attitudes, including scientific foundation, knowledge application, and practice competencies. Additionally, the co-curriculum can also support proficiency in skills and achievement of competencies that are concurrently taught within the formal curriculum. ACPE evaluates the way programs assess students’ acquisition of knowledge and application of knowledge to practice within co-curricular experiences and especially how they advance the professional development of students within affective domain areas of learning."


Effectiveness And Safety Of Oral Anticoagulants In Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients With Prior Bleeding Events: A Retrospective Analysis Of Administrative Claims Databases, G. Y. H. Lip, Allison V. Keshishian, Amiee Kang, Xuemei Luo, Nipun Atreja, Yan Zhang, Patricia Schuler, Jenny Jiang, Huseyin Yuce, Steve Deitelzweig 2022 University of Liverpool

Effectiveness And Safety Of Oral Anticoagulants In Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients With Prior Bleeding Events: A Retrospective Analysis Of Administrative Claims Databases, G. Y. H. Lip, Allison V. Keshishian, Amiee Kang, Xuemei Luo, Nipun Atreja, Yan Zhang, Patricia Schuler, Jenny Jiang, Huseyin Yuce, Steve Deitelzweig

Publications and Research

Introduction

There are a paucity of real-world data examining effectiveness and safety of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and warfarin in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients with prior bleeding.

Methods

This retrospective analysis included data from 5 insurance claims databases and included NVAF patients prescribed OACs with prior bleeding. One-to-one propensity score matching was conducted between NOACs and warfarin and between NOACs in each database. Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the risk of stroke/systemic embolism (SE) and MB.

Results

A total of 244,563 patients (mean age 77; 50% female) with prior bleeding included 55,094 (22.5%) treated …


Updates In The Pharmacologic Prophylaxis And Treatment Of Invasive Candidiasis In The Pediatric And Neonatal Intensive Care Units, James Hunter Fly, Seerat Kapoor, Kelly Bobo, Jeremy S. Stultz 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Updates In The Pharmacologic Prophylaxis And Treatment Of Invasive Candidiasis In The Pediatric And Neonatal Intensive Care Units, James Hunter Fly, Seerat Kapoor, Kelly Bobo, Jeremy S. Stultz

Faculty Publications

Purpose of review The goal of this review was to provide an update on the prevention and treatment options for invasive candidiasis (IC) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).

Recent findings Studies have further validated the use of fluconazole for IC prophylaxis among high-risk patients in the NICU. It remains unclear if prophylaxis leads to resistance development and the ideal dosage regimen is still not clear. Recent studies have been published comparing caspofungin and micafungin to amphotericin B and illustrated similar efficacy outcomes in the NICU. Micafungin now has approval from the United …


Cytotoxic Activity Of Non-Specific Lipid Transfer Protein (Nsltp1) From Ajwain (Trachyspermum Ammi) Seeds, Saud O. Alshammari, Taibah Aldakhil, Qamar A. Alshammari, David Salehi, Aftab Ahmed 2022 Chapman University

Cytotoxic Activity Of Non-Specific Lipid Transfer Protein (Nsltp1) From Ajwain (Trachyspermum Ammi) Seeds, Saud O. Alshammari, Taibah Aldakhil, Qamar A. Alshammari, David Salehi, Aftab Ahmed

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Trachyspermum ammi, commonly known as Ajwain, is a member of the Apiaceae family. It is a therapeutic herbal spice with diverse pharmacological properties, used in traditional medicine for various ailments. However, all previous studies were conducted using small molecule extracts, leaving the protein’s bioactivity undiscovered.

Aim

The current study aimed to demonstrate the cytotoxic activity of Ajwain non-specific lipid transfer protein (nsLTP1) in normal breast (MCF10A), breast cancer (MCF-7), and pancreatic cancer (AsPC-1) cell lines. Also, to evaluate its structural stability in human serum as well as at high temperature conditions.

Methods

The cytotoxic activity of Ajwain nsLTP1 was …


A Small Peptide Increases Drug Delivery In Human Melanoma Cells, Shirley Tong, Shaban Darwish, Hanieh Hossein Nejad Ariani, Kate Alison Lozada, David Salehi, Maris A. Cinelli, Richard B. Silverman, Kamaljit Kaur, Sun Yang 2022 Chapman University

A Small Peptide Increases Drug Delivery In Human Melanoma Cells, Shirley Tong, Shaban Darwish, Hanieh Hossein Nejad Ariani, Kate Alison Lozada, David Salehi, Maris A. Cinelli, Richard B. Silverman, Kamaljit Kaur, Sun Yang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Melanoma is the most fatal type of skin cancer and is notoriously resistant to chemotherapies. The response of melanoma to current treatments is difficult to predict. To combat these challenges, in this study, we utilize a small peptide to increase drug delivery to melanoma cells. A peptide library array was designed and screened using a peptide array-whole cell binding assay, which identified KK-11 as a novel human melanoma-targeting peptide. The peptide and its D-amino acid substituted analogue (VPWxEPAYQrFL or D-aa KK-11) were synthesized via a solid-phase strategy. Further studies using FITC-labeled KK-11 demonstrated dose-dependent uptake in human melanoma cells. D-aa …


The Synthesis And Characterization Of Ionic Liquids Using Nitrogen-Based Cations For Transdermal Delivery, Jo Galloway 2022 University of Mississippi

The Synthesis And Characterization Of Ionic Liquids Using Nitrogen-Based Cations For Transdermal Delivery, Jo Galloway

Honors Theses

The purpose of this research was to explore the synthesis mechanisms of water-soluble ionic liquids with nitrogen-containing cationic bases for future use in transdermal drug delivery and forensic science applications. Ionic liquids are salts with an organic cation and either an organic or inorganic anion. They have asymmetric structures, which means that the molecules don’t pack together as neatly as other salts do, therefore, they don’t crystallize as easily, and their melting points are lower. Ionic liquids have melting points below 100°C, and many are liquid at room temperature. Mechanistic studies reveal that the potency of ILs in enhancing transdermal …


Isolation Of Sphingolipids From Sphingomonas Echinoides B-3126 And Their Characterization By Ms/Ms Analysis, Edgar David Uribe Sanchez 2022 University of Mississippi

Isolation Of Sphingolipids From Sphingomonas Echinoides B-3126 And Their Characterization By Ms/Ms Analysis, Edgar David Uribe Sanchez

Honors Theses

EDGAR DAVID URIBE SANCHEZ: Isolation of Sphingolipids from Sphingomonas echinoides B-3126 and their Characterization by MS/MS Analysis

Sphingolipids are important components in human cellular lipid membranes and are differentiated by the incorporation of serine with an amide bond between the amino acid and a lipid tail. Sphingolipids produced by bacteria differ in both headgroups attached to the serine alcohol and the architecture of the lipid backbone. While the synthesis of sphingolipids in mammalian cells is well studied, only a handful of steps in the pathway are described in bacteria.1 The observations that although sphingolipid synthesis is rare in bacteria, …


Interrogating Race And Place-Based Inequities In Hiv And Covid-19, Rohan Khazanchi 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Interrogating Race And Place-Based Inequities In Hiv And Covid-19, Rohan Khazanchi

MD Honors Theses

Over the last four years, I have developed a research focus examining the intersections of race, place, and health. My M.D. Honors Thesis reflects a snapshot of these efforts. In this collection of brief research reports, I leverage area-based measures to investigate structural inequities in three contexts: the HIV epidemic in our hyperlocal community, the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, and clinical trials for novel COVID-19 therapeutics. I apply novel social epidemiologic tools to measure and explore disparate outcomes. And, in reflecting upon my findings, I discuss concrete implications for clinicians, researchers, and policymakers alike.

Chapter 1: Neighborhood-Level Deprivation …


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