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The Effects Of Sex Hormones On The Size Of Intestinal Lipoproteins, Andromeda M. Nauli, Ann Phan, Patrick Tso, Surya M. Nauli 2023 Western Michigan University

The Effects Of Sex Hormones On The Size Of Intestinal Lipoproteins, Andromeda M. Nauli, Ann Phan, Patrick Tso, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Larger intestinal lipoproteins are more likely to be retained longer in the intestinal wall, allowing more time for their fat to be hydrolyzed and subsequently taken up by the abdominal viscera. Since men generally accumulate more abdominal visceral fat than women, we sought to determine if males produce larger intestinal lipoproteins compared to females. Using the conscious lymph fistula mouse model, we discovered that the male mice indeed produced larger intestinal lipoproteins than the female mice when they were intraduodenally infused with lipid emulsion. We then employed our differentiated Caco-2 cell model with semipermeable membrane system to determine the effects …


The Potential Of Stem Cell Therapy In Multiple Sclerosis Treatment: A Review, Sorina Amarculesei, Ava O'Meara Cushen, Cathy Brougham 2023 Athlone Institute of Technology

The Potential Of Stem Cell Therapy In Multiple Sclerosis Treatment: A Review, Sorina Amarculesei, Ava O'Meara Cushen, Cathy Brougham

SURE Journal: Science Undergraduate Research Experience Journal

Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system. There are currently 2.8 million people living with Multiple Sclerosis worldwide, including 9000 people in Ireland, with a prevalence of 193 per 100,000 people. Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis include sensory loss, fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, spasticity, depression, optic neuritis, gait ataxia, diplopia, and loss of bladder control. Currently, there is no standardised treatment or cure for Multiple Sclerosis with many strategies focusing on symptoms. Stem cells have emerged as promising approaches for Multiple Sclerosis therapeutics. Clinical trials primarily focus on mesenchymal stem cell-based therapies for Multiple Sclerosis. Furthermore, …


Tiny But Mighty, An Exploration Of Microbes And Plants As Sources Of Small Novel Bioactive Compounds Against Invasive Mycoses., Hannah Mai Peacock, James Anthony O'Connor 2023 Munster Technological University

Tiny But Mighty, An Exploration Of Microbes And Plants As Sources Of Small Novel Bioactive Compounds Against Invasive Mycoses., Hannah Mai Peacock, James Anthony O'Connor

SURE Journal: Science Undergraduate Research Experience Journal

Despite the high mortality rate involved with invasive cerebral mycoses, there is a relative lack of research available around antifungals capable of crossing the blood brain barrier.

In this study the metabolites of four plants (Crocus vernus, Miniature Narcissus (daffodil), Osmanthus delavayi and Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion)) and two bacteria (Lacticaseibacillus paracasei and Staphylococcus epidermidis) were extracted and assayed for antifungal activity against Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Thin layer chromatography and bioautography were then employed to assess the activity of the constituent components of sources showing antifungal activity.

Metabolites of S.epidermidis, and extracts …


The Influence Of English Proficiency In Online Health Information-Seeking: A Comprehensive Model Of Information-Seeking (Cmis) Based Study Using Health Information National Trends Survey (Hints) Data, Lauren M. Perez 2023 University of New Mexico

The Influence Of English Proficiency In Online Health Information-Seeking: A Comprehensive Model Of Information-Seeking (Cmis) Based Study Using Health Information National Trends Survey (Hints) Data, Lauren M. Perez

Pharmaceutical Sciences ETDs

Understanding language-related challenges is crucial for addressing health and healthcare access disparities. This study examines differences in online health information seeking (OHIS) experiences by English proficiency. It explores factors influencing OHIS that patients in the United States with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) may encounter to shed light on the online health information needs of patients with LEP. The research utilizes data from the 2017 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) 5 Cycle 1 to analyze the OHIS experiences of patients. Findings will inform healthcare providers, policymakers, and researchers, promoting equitable access to reliable health information.


Functionalized Surface Of Plga Nanoparticles In Thermosensitive Gel To Enhance The Efficacy Of Antibiotics Against Antibiotic Resistant Infections In Endodontics: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Mona Arafa, Hadeel Moussa, Mohamed Medhat Kataia 2023 The British University in Egypt

Functionalized Surface Of Plga Nanoparticles In Thermosensitive Gel To Enhance The Efficacy Of Antibiotics Against Antibiotic Resistant Infections In Endodontics: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Mona Arafa, Hadeel Moussa, Mohamed Medhat Kataia

Pharmacy

Enterococcus faecalis plays the key role in endodontic infections and is responsible for the formation of biofilm on dentin, which causes a resistance against periradicular lesions treatment, consequently the aim of this study is to use nanoparticles entrapping anibacterial agents coated with chitosan that in authors previous study showed a successful in vitro biofilm inhibition, additionally incorporated in thermoresponsive gel.to benefit nanoparticles` small size, and the positive charge of their surfaces that binds with the negatively charged surface of bacterial cell causing its destruction, in addition to the sustained release pattern of the drug based nanoparticles in gel. Therefore, Ciprofloxacin …


Utilization Of Semiconductor Nanocrystals In Cancer Diagnose And Treatment, Yasir Q. Almajidi, Ahmed A. Albadri, Mazen M. Jwaid, Yaseen T. khalaf 2023 Department of Pharmacy, Baghdad College of Medical Sciences, Baghdad, Iraq.

Utilization Of Semiconductor Nanocrystals In Cancer Diagnose And Treatment, Yasir Q. Almajidi, Ahmed A. Albadri, Mazen M. Jwaid, Yaseen T. Khalaf

Maaen Journal for Medical Sciences

In contemporary times, nanotechnology has emerged as a notably sophisticated technological discipline. It possesses an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary nature, spanning a wide array of domains including medical science, engineering, biology, physics, materials science, and chemistry. Utilization of nanotechnology offers a significant advantage by enabling precise manipulation and control of properties to effectively address specific challenges in various applications. In the fields of science and biomedicine, there has been extensive exploration into the use of functional nanomaterials, emerging as rapidly advancing and captivating areas of research. Diverse types of nanomaterials, including silicon nanowires, quantum dots, carbon nanotubes, and gold/silver nanoparticles, which …


Structural Analysis And Activity Correlation Of Amphiphilic Cyclic Antimicrobial Peptides Derived From The [W4R4] Scaffold, Shaima Ahmed El-Mowafi, Anastasia G. Konshina, Eman H. M. Mohammed, Nikolay A. Krylov, Roman G. Efremov, Keykavous Parang 2023 Chapman University

Structural Analysis And Activity Correlation Of Amphiphilic Cyclic Antimicrobial Peptides Derived From The [W4R4] Scaffold, Shaima Ahmed El-Mowafi, Anastasia G. Konshina, Eman H. M. Mohammed, Nikolay A. Krylov, Roman G. Efremov, Keykavous Parang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

In our ongoing quest to design effective antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), this study aimed to elucidate the mechanisms governing cyclic amphiphilic AMPs and their interactions with membranes. The objective was to discern the nature of these interactions and understand how peptide sequence and structure influence antimicrobial activity. We introduced modifications into the established cyclic AMP peptide, [W4R4], incorporating an extra aromatic hydrophobic residue (W), a positively charged residue (R), or the unique 2,5-diketopiperazine (DKP). This study systematically explored the structure–activity relationships (SARs) of a series of cyclic peptides derived from the [W4R4] scaffold, …


Role Of Midodrine On Vasopressor Duration In Patients With Sepsis, Kamah J. Ellena, Jenna L. Combs, Heather M. Draper, Julie J. Belfer 2023 Trinity Health Grand Rapids

Role Of Midodrine On Vasopressor Duration In Patients With Sepsis, Kamah J. Ellena, Jenna L. Combs, Heather M. Draper, Julie J. Belfer

Journal of Shock and Hemodynamics

Existing literature evaluating the off-label use of midodrine has focused primarily on postoperative hypotensive patients requiring a single vasopressor. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of midodrine on vasopressor duration and length of stay in patients receiving vasopressors for sepsis-related hypotension. This is an institutional review board-approved, single-center, retrospective analysis of critically ill patients with hypotension secondary to sepsis who received midodrine and intravenous vasopressors compared to those who received intravenous vasopressors alone. Patients were matched by Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score, suspected source of infection, and presence of bacteremia. One hundred patients were included in …


Analyzing Functional Interactions Of Designed Peptides By Nmr Spectroscopy, Wonsuk Choi 2023 Chapman University

Analyzing Functional Interactions Of Designed Peptides By Nmr Spectroscopy, Wonsuk Choi

Pharmaceutical Sciences (MS) Theses

The development of small peptide-based therapeutics can be accelerated by the knowledge of relationships between the peptide structure and its functional interactions. Here, we report the analysis of two groups of synthetic peptides designed for two applications – broad bactericidal action and inhibition of protein-protein interactions in human cells. Novel amphiphilic peptides designed for antibacterial application incorporated arginine as cationic amino acids and non-natural amino acids that have aromatic side chains with similar hydrophobic properties as tryptophan. The interaction of lead cyclic peptides and their linear analogs with a phospholipid bilayer mimicking a bacterial membrane was studied using nuclear magnetic …


Comprehensive, Evidence-Based, Consensus Guidelines For Prescription Of Opioids For Chronic Non-Cancer Pain From The American Society Of Interventional Pain Physicians (Asipp)., Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M. Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, James Giordano, Megan K. Applewhite, Alexander Bautista, Amol Soin, Susan K. Blank, Mahendra R. Sanapati, Jay Karri, Paul J. Christo, Alaa Abd-Elsayed, Alan D. Kaye, Aaron Calodney, Annu Navani, Christopher G. Gharibo, Michael Harned, Mayank Gupta, Mustafa Broachwala, Nalini Sehgal, Andrew Kaufman, Bradley Wargo, Daneshvari R. Solanki, Eric S. Hsu, Gerard Limerick, Allen Dennis, John R. Swicegood, Konstantin Slavin, Lee Snook, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Radomir Kosanovic, Rafael Justiz, Robert Barkin, Sairam Atluri, Shalini Shah, Vidyasagar Pampati, Standiford Helm Ii, Vahid Grami, Vicki Myckowiak, Vincent Galan, Vijay Singh, Vivek Manocha, Joshua A. Hirsch 2023 University of the Pacific

Comprehensive, Evidence-Based, Consensus Guidelines For Prescription Of Opioids For Chronic Non-Cancer Pain From The American Society Of Interventional Pain Physicians (Asipp)., Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M. Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, James Giordano, Megan K. Applewhite, Alexander Bautista, Amol Soin, Susan K. Blank, Mahendra R. Sanapati, Jay Karri, Paul J. Christo, Alaa Abd-Elsayed, Alan D. Kaye, Aaron Calodney, Annu Navani, Christopher G. Gharibo, Michael Harned, Mayank Gupta, Mustafa Broachwala, Nalini Sehgal, Andrew Kaufman, Bradley Wargo, Daneshvari R. Solanki, Eric S. Hsu, Gerard Limerick, Allen Dennis, John R. Swicegood, Konstantin Slavin, Lee Snook, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Radomir Kosanovic, Rafael Justiz, Robert Barkin, Sairam Atluri, Shalini Shah, Vidyasagar Pampati, Standiford Helm Ii, Vahid Grami, Vicki Myckowiak, Vincent Galan, Vijay Singh, Vivek Manocha, Joshua A. Hirsch

School of Pharmacy Faculty Articles

BACKGROUND: Opioid prescribing in the United States is decreasing, however, the opioid epidemic is continuing at an uncontrollable rate. Available data show a significant number of opioid deaths, primarily associated with illicit fentanyl use. It is interesting to also note that the data show no clear correlation between opioid prescribing (either number of prescriptions or morphine milligram equivalent [MME] per capita), opioid hospitalizations, and deaths. Furthermore, the data suggest that the 2016 guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have resulted in notable problems including increased hospitalizations and mental health disorders due to the lack of appropriate …


J Mich Dent Assoc December 2023, 2023 American Dental Association

J Mich Dent Assoc December 2023

The Journal of the Michigan Dental Association

Every month, The Journal of the Michigan Dental Association brings news, information, and features about Michigan dentistry to our state's oral health community and the MDA's 6,200+ members. No publication reaches more Michigan dentists!

In this issue, the reader will find the following:

  • A cover story on “New Dentists’ Most Asked Legal Questions”
  • A case report on “Endodontic Therapy, Crown Amputation, and Soft Tissue Advancement to Treat a Hopeless Tooth”
  • A feature “Be a Leader in Your Practice: What’s Your Style?”
  • 2023 Author/Title Index to the Journal of the Michigan Dental Association
  • News you need, a Guest Editorial and regular …


Assessment Of A Pharmacist-Led Antibiotic Time-Out For Transition Of Iv Vancomycin To Oral Linezolid, Mary S. Vogel, Jefferson Cua, Erika Dittmar, Timothy Gauthier, Kelsey N. Williams 2023 Baptist Hospital of Miami

Assessment Of A Pharmacist-Led Antibiotic Time-Out For Transition Of Iv Vancomycin To Oral Linezolid, Mary S. Vogel, Jefferson Cua, Erika Dittmar, Timothy Gauthier, Kelsey N. Williams

Nursing & Health Sciences Research Journal

Introduction: Intravenous (IV) vancomycin requires therapeutic drug monitoring and line placement and may prolong hospital stay. Linezolid requires less monitoring, is orally bioavailable, and may expedite transitions of care. This study assessed the impact of a pharmacist-led antibiotic timeout for the transition from IV vancomycin to oral linezolid. Methods: This single-center, quasi-experimental study included admitted adult patients receiving IV vancomycin for over 48 hours. Patients receiving vasopressors, of immunocompromised status, or with specific antibiotic indications were excluded. The primary outcome was the pharmacist intervention acceptance rate. Secondary outcomes included median hospital length of stay, median antibiotic treatment days, and incidence …


November / December 2023, Randy Curry, Cindy Brooks 2023 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

November / December 2023, Randy Curry, Cindy Brooks

RURAL ROCKS

This is the November & December 2023 issue of Rural Rocks from the SWOSU College of Pharmacy.


Geospatial Distribution Of Pharmacist Diabetes Management Within A Patient Centered Medical Home Model In Omaha, Nebraska, Anthony Donovan 2023 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Geospatial Distribution Of Pharmacist Diabetes Management Within A Patient Centered Medical Home Model In Omaha, Nebraska, Anthony Donovan

Capstone Experience

Patients with uncontrolled diabetes, defined as a hemoglobin A1c value greater than 9%, are at an increased risk of diabetes progression. Primary care is often the first point of contact where patients with uncontrolled diabetes are identified and treated. Pharmacists are utilized in diabetes medication management of patients with uncontrolled diabetes as one component of primary care multidisciplinary models of care. This descriptive project describes the geospatial distribution of patients with uncontrolled diabetes from a single institution in the Omaha, Nebraska area who were exposed to pharmacists within a Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model of care compared to those …


Efficacy And Safety Of Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel And Idecabtagene Vicleucel In Multiple Myeloma Patients, Buthainah Ghanem, Marc L. Fleming, Lawrence M. Brown, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez 2023 Chapman University

Efficacy And Safety Of Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel And Idecabtagene Vicleucel In Multiple Myeloma Patients, Buthainah Ghanem, Marc L. Fleming, Lawrence M. Brown, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Background: Ciltacabtagene autoleucel (cilta-cel) and idecabtagene vicleucel (ide-cel) are chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapies used to treat adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (rrMM) after at least four lines of therapy. However, no head-to-head clinical trials to compare them have been conducted.

Objective: To compare between CARTITUDE-1 and KarMMa clinical trials in terms of efficacy, safety, and patient characteristics.

Method: Overall response rate (ORR) and safety signals were compared using reporting odds ratios (RORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) at p < 0.05. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were compared using the Kaplan–Meier method with a log-rank test. Patient characteristics were compared using the chi-square test. Statistical analyses were conducted using Microsoft Excel and R version 4.0.5.

Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between cilta-cel and ide-cel in terms of ORR, complete response …


Promoting Mammography Screenings In African American Women: Media, Church, And Health Providers, LaSonya Little, Debra C. Wallace, K.Jay Poole 2023 University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Promoting Mammography Screenings In African American Women: Media, Church, And Health Providers, Lasonya Little, Debra C. Wallace, K.Jay Poole

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Due to the underutilization of screening mammography, African American women (AAW) are more likely to experience negative health outcomes after receiving a late-stage breast cancer diagnosis than White Women (WW). The purpose of this article is to examine the roles of the media, health community and the African American church and pastor and their potential impact in AAW screening decisions. Fifteen AAW, ages 45 and older, were invited to participate in a semi-structured interview. Most women agreed the African American pastor and church as well as the health community, and media are an integral part of their lives. Therefore, specific …


Ozgene: To Advance Humanity – Inspire Curiosity, Maarit Patrick, Mike Dixon 2023 Utah State University

Ozgene: To Advance Humanity – Inspire Curiosity, Maarit Patrick, Mike Dixon

Huntsman School of Business Teaching Scholarship Series

The case introduces the students to Ozgene, an Australian firm that experienced a dramatic reduction in lead time of their products because of implementation of Lean principles. The case can be used in undergraduate or graduate courses in operations management or supply chain management as an introduction to Lean principles. The case also encourages students to consider the challenges that make-to-order differ from those of make-to-stock and explore production design principles.


Conference Proceedings: Select Abstracts Presented At 2023 Advocate Aurora Scientific Day, 2023 Advocate Health - Midwest

Conference Proceedings: Select Abstracts Presented At 2023 Advocate Aurora Scientific Day

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This abstract supplement includes findings presented at the 49th annual Advocate Aurora Scientific Day on May 24, 2023. The Scientific Day symposium provides a virtual forum for the sharing of preliminary results from research and case studies conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and other health professionals associated with Illinois-based Advocate Health Care and Wisconsin-based Aurora Health Care.


Pharmacogenomic Precision Medicine: Best Practice Toolkit For Improving Patient Screening For Adult Metastatic Cancer Patients, Rena L. Stewart 2023 University of St. Augustine For Health Sciences

Pharmacogenomic Precision Medicine: Best Practice Toolkit For Improving Patient Screening For Adult Metastatic Cancer Patients, Rena L. Stewart

Student Scholarly Projects

Precision medicine utilizes pharmacogenomic testing as a therapeutic approach. Genomic testing can assess the impact of an individual's genome on their reaction to specific medications. The main objective is to find variants that may affect an individual's response to a given medication. The implementation of pharmacogenomics in oncology facilitates informed decision-making by clinicians in drug selection and dosage determination.


The Implications Of Ferroptosis In Antibiotic Resistance, Marysol Hohl 2023 Liberty University

The Implications Of Ferroptosis In Antibiotic Resistance, Marysol Hohl

Senior Honors Theses

Bacterial infections in the United States are becoming increasingly resistant to existing antibiotic treatments. Due to projected increases in resistance and the recent decrease in novel antibacterials, experts have determined that the United States is in the “post-antibiotic era.” The scientific community has failed to resolve resistance despite the continual discovery of new antibiotic compounds. In the past decade, a novel form of cell death called ferroptosis has been implicated in antibiotic treatment by employing the use of nanotechnology. This literature review will describe the problem of bacterial resistance and demonstrate how current research is pioneering a new age of …


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