Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Pharmaceutics and Drug Design Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

669 Full-Text Articles 1,516 Authors 142,501 Downloads 89 Institutions

All Articles in Pharmaceutics and Drug Design

Faceted Search

669 full-text articles. Page 1 of 31.

The Effects Of Dexmedetomidine On Preventing/Decreasing Severity Of Delirium When Given To Surgical Intensive Care Unit Patients: A Systematic Review Of Randomized Control Trials, Lindsey Hettish 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effects Of Dexmedetomidine On Preventing/Decreasing Severity Of Delirium When Given To Surgical Intensive Care Unit Patients: A Systematic Review Of Randomized Control Trials, Lindsey Hettish

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this systematic review was to integrate research evidence from studies published from 2010 to 2020 on the relationship between administration of dexmedetomidine and severity/prevalence of postprocedural delirium in patients in the surgical intensive care unit. In this review, clinical trial studies were recovered by searching the MEDLINE Complete and PubMed databases and utilizing MeSH terminology search. The MeSH terms utilized to search for applicable articles on PubMed included: “intensive care units” or “critical care” or “critical care nursing”, and “delirium”, “dexmedetomidine”, and “surgical procedures, operative”. On MEDLINE Complete, the search terms utilized were “ICU or intensive ...


Covid-19: The Vaccine Race Continues, L. Hayley Burgess, Carley Castelein, Andrew Rubio, Mandelin K. Cooper 2021 HCA Healthcare, Clinical Operations Group

Covid-19: The Vaccine Race Continues, L. Hayley Burgess, Carley Castelein, Andrew Rubio, Mandelin K. Cooper

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Over a year has passed since the discovery of SARS-CoV-2 and the subsequent COVID-19 pandemic. As mitigation efforts continue, COVID-19 has claimed over half a million lives in the United States and 3.1 million lives globally. The development and availability of vaccines delivering immunity to prevent COVID-19 offers hope to end the pandemic.

Emergency use authorizations from the Food and Drug Administration have been issued in the United States for three vaccines, one each from Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna and Janssen/J&J. Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna are both mRNA vaccines with efficacy of 95% and 94.1% respectively, while the vector-based ...


Comprehensive In Silico Analysis Of Christinin Molecular Behaviour From Ziziphus Spina-Christi Leaves On Propionibacterium Acnes, Fitrianti Darusman, Taufik Muhammad Fakih 2021 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Islam Bandung, West Java, Indonesia

Comprehensive In Silico Analysis Of Christinin Molecular Behaviour From Ziziphus Spina-Christi Leaves On Propionibacterium Acnes, Fitrianti Darusman, Taufik Muhammad Fakih

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The role of in silico studies in the discovery of new drugs is very important and interesting in the recent years, where the results can be used as confirmation of the results of in vitro tests carried out experimentally in the laboratory. One of the herbal ingredients is Ziziphus spina-christi leaves with effective antibacterial activity, such as for acne-causing bacteria, namely Propionibacterium acnes. This is because it contains main secondary metabolites with saponins as the major components which contain christinin as its active compound. There are four known types of christinin, namely christinin-A, christinin-B, christinin-C, and christinin-D. In this study ...


Identification Of Adverse Drug Reactions In Congestive Heart Failure Patients In A Tertiary Care Hospital, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, Dita Marina Lupitaningrum, Putri Ramdaniah, Depi Yuliana 2021 University of Qamarul Huda Badaruddin, Central Lombok

Identification Of Adverse Drug Reactions In Congestive Heart Failure Patients In A Tertiary Care Hospital, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, Dita Marina Lupitaningrum, Putri Ramdaniah, Depi Yuliana

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a progressive health problem with high mortality and morbidity and has the potential to develop adverse drug reactions (ADRs). This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of potential ADRs, the types of drugs that cause ADRs, the types of ADRs, and the risk factors that affect the ADRs in CHF patients. Data were collected using medical record of hospitalized patient at the West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) Provincial Hospital, Indonesia, in 2017 to 2019. The assessment of the causality and severity of ADRs used the Naranjo algorithm and the Hartwig and Siegel scale. This study ...


A Review: Composition Of Neonatal Meconium Microbiota And Its Role For Potential Probiotic, Devi Oktaviyani, Raden Zulfa 'Alawiyyah, Putri Nusaiba, Amarila Malik 2021 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia

A Review: Composition Of Neonatal Meconium Microbiota And Its Role For Potential Probiotic, Devi Oktaviyani, Raden Zulfa 'Alawiyyah, Putri Nusaiba, Amarila Malik

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Early-life period (≤ 1 month after birth) is critical for determining long- and short-term health of neonates. Composition of neonates’ gut microbiota varies greatly between individuals whose development is influenced by various factors including differences in maternal diet and lifestyle during pregnancy, related to population and ethnicity. Balanced microbial composition can create symbiosis among commensal microbes, immunomodulatory compound production, and subsequent immune response regulation. Unbalanced microbiota composition, characterized by more pathogenic organism, less diversity, and less resistance to disease, is called dysbiosis. Probiotic bacteria are a bacteria group contributing to the balance of neonates’ gut microbiota. Probiotic bacterial strains, such as ...


Interpersonal Relationship And Its Effect On Treatment Compliance In Patients With Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, Fransiskus Samuel Renaldi, Woro Riyadina, Muhammad Qamar, Rani Sauriasari 2021 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia

Interpersonal Relationship And Its Effect On Treatment Compliance In Patients With Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, Fransiskus Samuel Renaldi, Woro Riyadina, Muhammad Qamar, Rani Sauriasari

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Type-2 diabetes mellitus has become a chronic disease that can lead to serious complications and can only be prevented by compliant treatment of the patients. Compliance can be influenced by various factors, one of which is interpersonal factors. This study aimed to identify various interpersonal relationship problems between patients and healthcare workers that can affect their treatment compliance behavior. This study employed a qualitative design with phenomenological methods. This research was conducted in Central Bogor City in March-August 2020. The data were collected by conducting in-depth interviews with 20 type-2 diabetes mellitus patients who had been confirmed by the Community ...


Drug Repurposing And Dosage Form Development Of Anti-Covid-19, Kevin Kwok 2021 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia

Drug Repurposing And Dosage Form Development Of Anti-Covid-19, Kevin Kwok

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The COVID-19 pandemic has been occurring approximately for more than 1 year. This pandemic has been a health issue that hits all countries in the world caused by the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 virus from one individual to another. The symptoms showed from the infected are fever, shortness of breath, dry cough, headache, and sore throat, among others. The SARS-CoV-2 virus is transmitted through sneezing, coughing, talking, and touching infected objects. Along with this transmission, the SARS-CoV-2 virus will continue to mutate. This mutation becomes an obstacle as well as a challenge to find drugs that can overcome the SARS-CoV-2 virus ...


Preliminary Characterization, Antioxidant And Antiproliferative Properties Of Polysaccharide From Caulerpa Taxifolia, Ariane Marie Bayro, Joanne Katherine Manlusoc, Renaliza Alonte, Catherine Caniel, Patrick Conde, Carlo Embralino 2021 College of Pharmacy, Adamson University, 900 San Marcelino Ermita, Manila Philippines

Preliminary Characterization, Antioxidant And Antiproliferative Properties Of Polysaccharide From Caulerpa Taxifolia, Ariane Marie Bayro, Joanne Katherine Manlusoc, Renaliza Alonte, Catherine Caniel, Patrick Conde, Carlo Embralino

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Macroalgae are abundant sources of bioactive polysaccharides and prospective candidates for effective and non-toxic substances. This study aims to preliminary characterize and determine the in vitro antioxidant activity and cancer cell growth inhibitory activity against human lung adenocarcinoma cell (A549) of the polysaccharide from an invasive green alga, Caulerpa taxifolia. Crude polysaccharide (CP) was extracted from the dried algal sample of C. taxifolia by hot water extraction followed by absolute ethanol precipitation. CP was subjected to preliminary chemical characterization, including protein, carbohydrate, and sulfate content analysis by Kjeldahl titrimetry, acid hydrolysis, gravimetry, and ashing-acid water digestion ion chromatography, respectively. Functional ...


Suppression Of Human Coronavirus 229e Infection In Lung Fibroblast Cells Via Rna Interference, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Jennifer Totonchy, Parvin Mahdipoor, Keykavous Parang, Hasan Uludağ 2021 Chapman University

Suppression Of Human Coronavirus 229e Infection In Lung Fibroblast Cells Via Rna Interference, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Jennifer Totonchy, Parvin Mahdipoor, Keykavous Parang, Hasan Uludağ

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Despite extensive efforts to repurpose approved drugs, discover new small molecules, and develop vaccines, COVID-19 pandemic is still claiming victims around the world. The current arsenal of antiviral compounds did not perform well in the past viral infections (e.g., SARS), which casts a shadow of doubt for use against the new SARS-CoV-2. Vaccines should offer the ultimate protection; however, there is limited information about the longevity of the generated immunity and the protection against possible mutations. This study uses Human Coronavirus 229E as a model coronavirus to test the hypothesis that effective delivery of virus-specific siRNAs to infected cells ...


Drug-Drug Interactions In Subjects Enrolled In Swog Trials Of Oral Chemotherapy, Lauren A. Marcath, Colin M. Finley, Siu Fun Wong, Daniel L. Hertz 2021 Washington State University

Drug-Drug Interactions In Subjects Enrolled In Swog Trials Of Oral Chemotherapy, Lauren A. Marcath, Colin M. Finley, Siu Fun Wong, Daniel L. Hertz

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Patients with cancer are at increased risk of drug-drug interactions (DDI), which can increase treatment toxicity or decrease efficacy. It is especially important to thoroughly screen DDI in oncology clinical trial subjects to ensure trial subject safety and data accuracy. This study determined the prevalence of potential DDI involving oral anti-cancer trial agents in subjects enrolled in two SWOG clinical trials.

Methods

Completed SWOG clinical trials of commercially available agents with possible DDI that had complete concomitant medication information available at enrollment were included. Screening for DDI was conducted through three methods: protocol-guided screening, Lexicomp® screening, and pharmacist determination ...


Mapping Km Methods And Tools Across The Pharmaceutical Product Lifecycle, Martin Lipa, Paige Kane 2021 TuDublin

Mapping Km Methods And Tools Across The Pharmaceutical Product Lifecycle, Martin Lipa, Paige Kane

Level 3

Knowledge management is positioned as an enabler of ICH Q10, and the visibility and availability of product and process knowledge across the entire pharmaceutical product lifecycle is vital to the sustained success of an organization and to the effectiveness of an organization’s pharmaceutical quality system as defined by ICH Q10. This paper illustrates where knowledge management has a role to play within each product lifecycle phase. This paper goes on to further define phase-appropriate KM methods and tools to help address these needs and create end-to-end product and process knowledge visibility and availability.


Label‑Free Spectral Imaging To Study Drug Distribution And Metabolism In Single Living Cells, Qamar Alshammari, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Nir Katzir, Surya M. Nauli 2021 Chapman University

Label‑Free Spectral Imaging To Study Drug Distribution And Metabolism In Single Living Cells, Qamar Alshammari, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Nir Katzir, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

During drug development, evaluation of drug and its metabolite is an essential process to understand drug activity, stability, toxicity and distribution. Liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) has become the standard analytical tool for screening and identifying drug metabolites. Unlike LC/MS approach requiring liquifying the biological samples, we showed that spectral imaging (or spectral microscopy) could provide high-resolution images of doxorubicin (dox) and its metabolite doxorubicinol (dox’ol) in single living cells. Using this new method, we performed measurements without destroying the biological samples. We calculated the rate constant of dox translocating from extracellular moiety into the ...


Unique Structural Solution From A Vh3-30 Antibody Targeting The Hemagglutinin Stem Of Influenza A Viruses, Wayne D. Harshbarger, Derrick Deming, Gordon J. Lockbaum, Nattapol Attatippaholkun, Maliwan Kamkaew, Shurong Hou, Mohan Somasundaran, Jennifer P. Wang, Robert W. Finberg, Quan Karen Zhu, Celia A. Schiffer, Wayne A Marasco 2021 Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Unique Structural Solution From A Vh3-30 Antibody Targeting The Hemagglutinin Stem Of Influenza A Viruses, Wayne D. Harshbarger, Derrick Deming, Gordon J. Lockbaum, Nattapol Attatippaholkun, Maliwan Kamkaew, Shurong Hou, Mohan Somasundaran, Jennifer P. Wang, Robert W. Finberg, Quan Karen Zhu, Celia A. Schiffer, Wayne A Marasco

Schiffer Lab Publications

Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) targeting conserved influenza A virus (IAV) hemagglutinin (HA) epitopes can provide valuable information for accelerating universal vaccine designs. Here, we report structural details for heterosubtypic recognition of HA from circulating and emerging IAVs by the human antibody 3I14. Somatic hypermutations play a critical role in shaping the HCDR3, which alone and uniquely among VH3-30 derived antibodies, forms contacts with five sub-pockets within the HA-stem hydrophobic groove. 3I14 light-chain interactions are also key for binding HA and contribute a large buried surface area spanning two HA protomers. Comparison of 3I14 to bnAbs from several defined ...


Crystal Structure Of Sars-Cov-2 Main Protease In Complex With The Non-Covalent Inhibitor Ml188, Gordon J. Lockbaum, Archie C. Reyes, Jeong Min Lee, Ronak Tilvawala, Ellen A. Nalivaika, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Paul R. Thompson, Celia A. Schiffer 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Crystal Structure Of Sars-Cov-2 Main Protease In Complex With The Non-Covalent Inhibitor Ml188, Gordon J. Lockbaum, Archie C. Reyes, Jeong Min Lee, Ronak Tilvawala, Ellen A. Nalivaika, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Paul R. Thompson, Celia A. Schiffer

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

Viral proteases are critical enzymes for the maturation of many human pathogenic viruses and thus are key targets for direct acting antivirals (DAAs). The current viral pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 is in dire need of DAAs. The Main protease (M(pro)) is the focus of extensive structure-based drug design efforts which are mostly covalent inhibitors targeting the catalytic cysteine. ML188 is a non-covalent inhibitor designed to target SARS-CoV-1 M(pro), and provides an initial scaffold for the creation of effective pan-coronavirus inhibitors. In the current study, we found that ML188 inhibits SARS-CoV-2 M(pro) at 2.5 microM, which is ...


The Covid-19 Vaccine Race: Intellectual Property, Collaboration(S), Nationalism And Misinformation, Ana Santos Rutschman 2021 Saint Louis University School of Law

The Covid-19 Vaccine Race: Intellectual Property, Collaboration(S), Nationalism And Misinformation, Ana Santos Rutschman

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought a national and global vaccine race. This Article examines the race with respect to contemporary frameworks for biopharmaceutical research and development. Specifically, this Article focuses on the effect of patents, pre-production agreements, public-private partnerships, and vaccine misinformation. This Article analyzes lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic, advocates for promoting vaccine affordability and equity, and suggests modifications to existing preparedness frameworks to prepare for upcoming outbreaks of infectious disease.


Inhibitory And Anti-Biofilm Effects Of Orthoshipon Aristatus Against Candida Albicans, Ratika Rahmasari, Ananda Hanny Chairunissa, Marina Ika Irianti, Roshamur Cahyan Forestrania, Ayun Erwina Arifianti, Herman Suryadi, Juliann Nzembi Makau, Ibrahim Jantan, Berna Elya 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java. Indonesia

Inhibitory And Anti-Biofilm Effects Of Orthoshipon Aristatus Against Candida Albicans, Ratika Rahmasari, Ananda Hanny Chairunissa, Marina Ika Irianti, Roshamur Cahyan Forestrania, Ayun Erwina Arifianti, Herman Suryadi, Juliann Nzembi Makau, Ibrahim Jantan, Berna Elya

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

There are increasing number of reports on Candida albicans developing resistance to available anti-fungal drugs. Thus, there is an urgent need to discover new agents for treatment of candidiasis. The alcoholic extracts of Orthoshipon aristatus have been shown to exhibit antifungal activity against C. albicans by using the agar diffusion and broth microdilution methods. However, the underlying mechanisms of anti-C. albicans effect of O. aristatus have not been well understood. This study was aimed to evaluate the cytotoxic and anti-biofilm effects of the n-hexane and ethanol extracts of purple and white varieties of O. aristatus leaves and branches against ...


Antifungal Activity Of Polyscias Scutellaria Fosberg Leaves Against Candida Albicans, Nada Marcha Putri, Jasmine Regita Putri, Berna Elya, Robiatul Adawiyah 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia

Antifungal Activity Of Polyscias Scutellaria Fosberg Leaves Against Candida Albicans, Nada Marcha Putri, Jasmine Regita Putri, Berna Elya, Robiatul Adawiyah

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Polyscias scutellaria Fosberg is one of the indigenous plants from Indonesia that widely used as folk medicines for several illnesses. The leaves of P. scutellaria were previously studied as an antimicrobial agent. Nonetheless, this theory of antifungal activity has never been scientifically verified. This study aimed to evaluate the antifungal activity of P. scutellaria against Candida albicans. The leaves of P. scutellaria were macerated using an ethanol solvent. Then, the extract was evaporated and dissolved by 1% DMSO into different concentrations (100 μg/mL, 200 μg/mL, 400 μg/mL, 800 μg/mL, 1600 μg/mL, 3200 μg/mL, and ...


The Anti-Proliferation Effect Of An Isolated Butanol Fraction Of Tampa Badak (Voacanga Foetida (Bl.) K. Schum) Leaves On Leukemia, Lung, And Cervical Cancer, Adriani Susanty, Dachriyanus Dachriyanus, Yanwirasti Yanwirasti, Fatma Sri Wahyuni, Andisyah Putri Sekar, Nur Alimin, Magdazaleni Magdazaleni, Sri Esky Sofia, Citra Kartika Dewi 2020 Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Farmasi Riau, Indonesia

The Anti-Proliferation Effect Of An Isolated Butanol Fraction Of Tampa Badak (Voacanga Foetida (Bl.) K. Schum) Leaves On Leukemia, Lung, And Cervical Cancer, Adriani Susanty, Dachriyanus Dachriyanus, Yanwirasti Yanwirasti, Fatma Sri Wahyuni, Andisyah Putri Sekar, Nur Alimin, Magdazaleni Magdazaleni, Sri Esky Sofia, Citra Kartika Dewi

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Voacanga foetida (Bl.) K.Schum leaves are known to have cytotoxic activity against blood cancer cells. This study was aimed to determine the potential of an isolated butanol fraction of Voacanga foetida (Bl.) K.Schum leaves (Tb3 compound) in inhibiting the proliferation of several cancer cells, including leukemia (K562), lung cancer (A549), and cervical cancer (He-La) using the dye exclusion method. We found that the percentage of anti-proliferation of the Tb3 compound was increased in a dose-dependent manner, where it showed 83% (K562), 72.3% (He-La), and 70.7% (A549) inhibition at higher concentration. These values were relatively higher compared ...


Potential Of Jamu In Nanotechnology Perspective As An Alternative Treatment For Covid-19, Dhadhang Wahyu Kurniawan, Azis Ikhsanudin 2020 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, Indonesia

Potential Of Jamu In Nanotechnology Perspective As An Alternative Treatment For Covid-19, Dhadhang Wahyu Kurniawan, Azis Ikhsanudin

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The world seems to be recovering at this time, especially because of the 2019 global coronavirus disease pandemic (COVID-19) caused by the Coronavirus 2 virus (SARS-CoV-2). This virus is similar to other β-coronaviruses through several steps to enter and bind angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as the main receptor. This binding, particularly in the respiratory epithelium and alveoli of the lungs, affects harmony in human host cells. No specific vaccines and antivirals are available to date as drug investigations are still ongoing. However, many Indonesians consume herbal medicine, especially 'empon-empon' containing the Zingiberaceae family, to protect their health from COVID-19. So ...


Fractionation Of Citronella Oil And Identification Of Compounds By Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Yelfi Anwar, Victor S. Siringoringo 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

Fractionation Of Citronella Oil And Identification Of Compounds By Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Yelfi Anwar, Victor S. Siringoringo

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Citronella oil is one of the most important essential oils and is widely used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries. However, the selling price of citronella oil is still low, so efforts are needed to increase its added value by isolating the active components such as citronellal, citronellol and geraniol. This study aims to isolate the active ingredients of citronella oil that have higher economic added value. Citronella oil was obtained by the process of distillation of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle leaves. The essential oil was then fractionated by a vacuum fractionation process. The essential oil fraction was identified ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress