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A Cost Variation Analysis Of Various Statin Preparations Available In The Egyptian Market, Radwa Ahmed Ibrahim, Marwa G. Elhennawy, Samar F. Farid 2024 BSc Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, 11562

A Cost Variation Analysis Of Various Statin Preparations Available In The Egyptian Market, Radwa Ahmed Ibrahim, Marwa G. Elhennawy, Samar F. Farid

Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy Cairo University

Introduction: Dyslipidemia is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Statin preparations are the most effective lipid-lowering preparations that reduce the risk of mortality related to cardiovascular diseases. In the Egyptian market, various statin preparations have different strengths and prices. Aim: The current study aims to assess the percentage of cost variations among different statin medications in the Egyptian market. Methods: This is a cost variation study conducted from November to December 2022. The data were collected by using the Egyptian master on therapeutic drugs, edition 2022, and from the Egyptian Drug Database (DDB) website. The maximum and …


Cost-Variation Analysis Of Antihemorrhagic Drugs In The Egyptian Market, Michael A. Kaldas, Aya M. Abdel Magid, Samar F. Farid 2023 Central Department of Infection Prevention and Control, Assiut University Hospital

Cost-Variation Analysis Of Antihemorrhagic Drugs In The Egyptian Market, Michael A. Kaldas, Aya M. Abdel Magid, Samar F. Farid

Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy Cairo University

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are considered the leading cause of death worldwide. An important category of the CVDs is the bleeding disorders. There is a significant variation in the drug products used in the treatment of hemorrhagic disorders in the Egyptian market. Therefore, our study aims to evaluate the cost variation of different brands of antihemorrhagic drugs in the Egyptian market. Methods: The study used an analytical method to obtain the different prices of the available antihemorrhagic drug products in the Egyptian market (in Egyptian Pound), from different drug categories considering all the concentrations available. Each generic name was checked …


Efficacy And Safety Of Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel And Idecabtagene Vicleucel In Multiple Myeloma Patients, Buthainah Ghanem, Marc L. Fleming, Lawrence M. Brown, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez 2023 Chapman University

Efficacy And Safety Of Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel And Idecabtagene Vicleucel In Multiple Myeloma Patients, Buthainah Ghanem, Marc L. Fleming, Lawrence M. Brown, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Background: Ciltacabtagene autoleucel (cilta-cel) and idecabtagene vicleucel (ide-cel) are chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapies used to treat adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (rrMM) after at least four lines of therapy. However, no head-to-head clinical trials to compare them have been conducted.

Objective: To compare between CARTITUDE-1 and KarMMa clinical trials in terms of efficacy, safety, and patient characteristics.

Method: Overall response rate (ORR) and safety signals were compared using reporting odds ratios (RORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) at p < 0.05. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were compared using the Kaplan–Meier method with a log-rank test. Patient characteristics were compared using the chi-square test. Statistical analyses were conducted using Microsoft Excel and R version 4.0.5.

Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between cilta-cel and ide-cel in terms of ORR, complete response …


Pharmacoeconomics Of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Treatment With Targeted Therapies Guided By Companion Molecular Diagnostics, Luis E. Fernández-Garza, Hector Sánchez-Ibarra, Daniela Treviño-Sáenz, Hugo A. Barrera-Saldaña 2023 Biochemistry and Biobank Laboratory of Vitagénesis

Pharmacoeconomics Of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Treatment With Targeted Therapies Guided By Companion Molecular Diagnostics, Luis E. Fernández-Garza, Hector Sánchez-Ibarra, Daniela Treviño-Sáenz, Hugo A. Barrera-Saldaña

Research Symposium

Background: To guide the treatment with monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), the FDA recommends prior companion molecular diagnosis (CMDx). It initially recommended screening for mutations in exon 2 of the KRAS gene, and most recently to extend to screening to exons 2, 3, and 4 of KRAS and 2, 3, and 4 of NRAS genes; furthermore, to evaluate the BRAF exon 15 mutation status (including V600E). To date, no studies have been done to compare the cost-benefit of these different CMDXs.

Methods: We have compared the cost of treatment without …


A Tale Of Two Situations: A Case Report Of The Merger Between Dermatology Outcomes And Prescription Drug Access, Kara Ye, Yasseen Amellal, Will Evans, Theresa Rohr-Kirchgraber 2023 Medical College of Georgia-Augusta University/University of Georgia Medical Partnership Campus

A Tale Of Two Situations: A Case Report Of The Merger Between Dermatology Outcomes And Prescription Drug Access, Kara Ye, Yasseen Amellal, Will Evans, Theresa Rohr-Kirchgraber

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

This case report illustrates a case of guttate psoriasis in a young adult and the logistical role dermatologists can play in patients acquiring their prescriptions and improving the quality of their care.


Spending On Phased Clinical Development Of Approved Drugs By The Us National Institutes Of Health Compared With Industry, Edward W. Zhou, Matthew J. Jackson, Fred D. Ledley 2023 Bentley University

Spending On Phased Clinical Development Of Approved Drugs By The Us National Institutes Of Health Compared With Industry, Edward W. Zhou, Matthew J. Jackson, Fred D. Ledley

Natural & Applied Sciences Faculty Publications

The launch of the Advanced Research Projects Agency for Health to advance new cures and address public concern regarding drug prices has raised questions about the roles of government and industry in drug development.

This cross-sectional study examined NIH funding for published research reporting the results of phased clinical trials of drugs approved between 2010 and 2019 and compared the findings with reported industry spending estimates. Data analysis was performed between May 2021 and August 2022 using PubMed data from January 1999 through October 2021 and NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools Expenditures and Results data from January 1999 through …


An Analysis Of Trends Of Generic Drugs And Biologic Prices In The U.S., Mohammed Jamjoom 2023 Chapman University

An Analysis Of Trends Of Generic Drugs And Biologic Prices In The U.S., Mohammed Jamjoom

Pharmaceutical Sciences (PhD) Dissertations

Introduction: Drug prices are a significant problem for the US healthcare system. Generic and biosimilar market competition reduces drug and biologic prices, results in substantial savings, and improves patient access and outcomes. As the costs of healthcare and prescription drugs continue to rise, the discussion about drug prices has taken a prominent place at the forefront of national discourse. This study assessed impacting trends in prices of generic, biosimilar, and reference products in the US. We also evaluated the effect of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 on biologic prices.

Methods: We extracted a list of the new generic …


An Economic And Regulatory Analysis Of Breast Cancer Drugs Approved By The Us Food And Drug Administration, Abdullah Althomali 2023 Chapman University

An Economic And Regulatory Analysis Of Breast Cancer Drugs Approved By The Us Food And Drug Administration, Abdullah Althomali

Pharmaceutical Sciences (MS) Theses

Introduction

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. The pharmacological options for breast cancer include chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy, which are used for the prevention or treatment of breast cancer. This study assessed trends in FDA approvals and prices at the market entry of new drugs indicated for breast cancer in the period 1980-2022. The study also evaluated the factors associated with the price of the new breast cancer drugs at market entry.

Material and Methods

Regulatory data were collected from the FDA website, and …


The Association Of Long Working Hours And The Use Of Prescription Sedatives Among U.S. Workers., Emmanuel Ezekekwu 2023 University of Louisville

The Association Of Long Working Hours And The Use Of Prescription Sedatives Among U.S. Workers., Emmanuel Ezekekwu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

BACKGROUND: Meeting the needs of a round-the-clock and globalized society has led to an increase in long working hours. This trend has been accompanied by a corresponding rise in sleep disorders and subsequent use of sedating medications. Overtime hours have been associated with adverse health outcomes such as cardiovascular diseases, symptoms of psychological distress, and health behaviors, including risky intake of alcohol and smoking. Hence, the main objectives of this three-paper dissertation were to examine the multi-faceted relationship between working hours, the use of prescription sleep aids, the onset of psychological distress, and the use of health care services. METHODS: …


The Rubik's Cube Of Manufacturers' Coupons: Making The Case For Sneetches, Bruce Wolf 2023 Vanderbilt University

The Rubik's Cube Of Manufacturers' Coupons: Making The Case For Sneetches, Bruce Wolf

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Asthma maintenance inhalers are inordinately expensive, inhibiting patients from affording their medication and compromising compliance and adherence and optimal health outcomes. The objective of this article was to examine and highlight the competitive world and challenged opportunity of manufacturers' coupons discounting the inordinate cost of respiratory inhalers and asthma treatment. The cost of asthma treatment, in particular the cost of respiratory medicines, even with health insurance, can be prohibitive (upwards of $700 per month for one inhaler). Medication costs restrict medication access. Compliance and adherence suffer attested by monthly maintenance inhalers being filled less than 50% of the time. Pharmaceutical …


Disentangling The Cost Of Orphan Drugs Marketed In The United States, Hana Althobaiti, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Lawrence B. Brown, Marc L. Fleming, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio 2023 Umm Al-Qura University

Disentangling The Cost Of Orphan Drugs Marketed In The United States, Hana Althobaiti, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Lawrence B. Brown, Marc L. Fleming, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The increasing number and high prices of orphan drugs have triggered concern among patients, payers, and policymakers about the affordability of new drugs approved using the incentives set by the Orphan Drug Act (ODA) of 1983. This study evaluated the factors associated to the differences in the treatment cost of new orphan and non-orphan drugs approved by the FDA from 2017 to 2021. A generalized linear model (GLM) with the Gamma log-link analysis was used to ascertain the association of drug characteristics with the treatment costs of orphan and non-orphan drugs. The results of the study showed that the median …


Prescription Drug Retail Sales In The Mountain West, Caren Royce Yap, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2023 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Prescription Drug Retail Sales In The Mountain West, Caren Royce Yap, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Health

This fact sheet synthesizes data on prescription drug retail sales in the Mountain West (Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah). "Retail Sales for Prescription Drugs Filled at Pharmacies by Payer," a 2019 report by the Kaiser Family Foundation, includes data on the amount of retail sales for prescription drugs made in each state by dollar amount, along with the method of coverage, including commercial, Medicare, Medicaid and cash payment.


Redlining And Opioid Overdose Outcomes: Do Historical Housing Policies Still Impact Health Today?, Sahana Paravantavida 2023 Bucknell University

Redlining And Opioid Overdose Outcomes: Do Historical Housing Policies Still Impact Health Today?, Sahana Paravantavida

Honors Theses

This study examines the relationship between historical housing policies and current health outcomes, specifically the impact of redlining on opioid overdose rates. Using data collected from the state of New Jersey, neighborhoods with a history of redlining have higher rates of opioid overdose deaths. My findings suggest that historical housing policies, which systematically excluded certain populations from accessing affordable housing and resources, continue to impact health outcomes today.


A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Management Of Urinary Tract Infections In A System Of Pediatric Urgent Care Centers, Benjamin Klick, Tammy Speerhas, Jessica Parrott, Jeffrey Bobrowitz, Anne McEvoy, Debra Conrad, Theresa Guins 2023 Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters

A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Management Of Urinary Tract Infections In A System Of Pediatric Urgent Care Centers, Benjamin Klick, Tammy Speerhas, Jessica Parrott, Jeffrey Bobrowitz, Anne Mcevoy, Debra Conrad, Theresa Guins

Nursing Faculty Publications

Background and objective: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common problem in pediatric urgent care medicine. There are multiple quality improvement (QI) projects related to the management of UTIs documented in the pediatric literature. We developed a project to decrease the prescribing of ultimately unneeded antibiotics for possible UTIs in a pediatric urgent care setting. A similar project has not been described in the pediatric literature.

Methods: We first reviewed the charts of patients presenting to a system of pediatric urgent care centers with a possible UTI over a 2-year period. We then launched a QI project with three plan, …


Racial And Ethnic Differences In The Receipt Of Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factor Screening And Treatment Among Prostate Cancer Patients Treated With Androgen Deprivation Therapy., Yazan K. Barqawi 2022 University of New Mexico

Racial And Ethnic Differences In The Receipt Of Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factor Screening And Treatment Among Prostate Cancer Patients Treated With Androgen Deprivation Therapy., Yazan K. Barqawi

Pharmaceutical Sciences ETDs

Background: Racial and ethnic health disparities in prostate cancer prevalence, incidence, mortality, quality of life, screening, and treatment constitute the largest of all cancer disparities. These health disparities are associated with higher morbidity and mortality rates in minority populations. Treatment with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has been the most widely used therapeutic modality to reduce the progression of prostate cancer to a worse disease stage and relieve potential obstructive symptoms. However, ADT is associated with possible toxic metabolic and cardiovascular (CVS) adverse events that may occur within six months of ADT initiation. These adverse events include metabolic syndrome, type II …


Evaluate 503b Facilities For Outsourced Compounds, Sarah Clemente, Brittany Riley, Alberto Coustasse 2022 Marshall University

Evaluate 503b Facilities For Outsourced Compounds, Sarah Clemente, Brittany Riley, Alberto Coustasse

Pharmacy Practice & Administration

The US health care system has encountered long-standing, complex challenges, including growing costs, overuse of care, staffing shortages and supply chain weaknesses. COVID-19 revived these pressures, transforming the health care landscape. Medication and staffing shortages plague hospital systems, and pharmacies are not exempt. Most health systems have experienced high levels of pharmacy technician turnover, with most reporting a minimum turnover rate of 21% last year. In addition, medication shortages of critical medications and infusions create significant workflow barriers that hospitals must address to ensure patient safety. In the face of these obstacles, health systems are turning to 503B compounding facilities …


Is The 340b Hospitals Battle At The Supreme Court Over?, Casey W.. Baker, Susan W. Lanham, Alberto Coustasse 2022 Marshall University

Is The 340b Hospitals Battle At The Supreme Court Over?, Casey W.. Baker, Susan W. Lanham, Alberto Coustasse

Accounting Faculty Research

Under the Federal 340B Program, hospitals and eligible health care clinics that serve low income or rural populations can qualify for federally negotiated manufacturer discounts on purchases of prescription drugs. Approximately 50,000 entities participate in the 340B program, where pharmaceutical manufacturers are instructed to supply outpatient medications to participating providers at discounted rates of 20% to 50%. Participating hospitals depend on profits from the differential between their reimbursement for these drugs and the discounted rates they disburse to finance affordable patient care in underserved communities. On June 15, 2022, the US Supreme Court ruled that major cuts to 340B payments …


Methodological Challenges In Pharmacoeconomic Submissions For Cancer Drug Reimbursement In Canada From 2019-2021, Nupur Krishnan 2022 Western University

Methodological Challenges In Pharmacoeconomic Submissions For Cancer Drug Reimbursement In Canada From 2019-2021, Nupur Krishnan

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Cancer is the leading cause of death in Canada, carrying a mortality rate of 1 in 4 Canadians. As new therapeutic options are developed, high drug costs place a huge burden on patients and the healthcare system. Due to budget limitations, not all pharmaceuticals can be publicly funded, so difficult decisions must be made for which drugs are funded and in what contexts. The pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review (pCODR) evaluates submissions for new oncological pharmaceuticals to make reimbursement recommendations. Comprehensive analyses assessing limitations in recent oncology drug submissions have not yet been performed. The objective of this project, therefore, was …


Approvals And Prices Of Systemic Antibiotics In Saudi Arabia And The United States, Saad Alharthi 2022 Chapman University

Approvals And Prices Of Systemic Antibiotics In Saudi Arabia And The United States, Saad Alharthi

Pharmaceutical Sciences (MS) Theses

Introduction

Antibiotics is one of the therapeutic classes with the highest level of consumption in the world. Despite the global diffusion of antibiotics, their availability and prices vary by country. This study assessed differences in the availability and prices of systemic antibiotics marketed in the United States (US) and Saudi Arabia and evaluated the factors associated with the differences in prices of systemic antibiotics marketed in both countries.

Material and Methods

We collected regulatory data from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Saudi Food and Drug Authority (SFDA), the National Average Drug Acquisition Cost (NADAC) and the …


Will Reducing Drug Prices Slow Innovation?, Gregory Vaughan, Fred Ledley 2022 Bentley University

Will Reducing Drug Prices Slow Innovation?, Gregory Vaughan, Fred Ledley

Natural & Applied Sciences Faculty Publications

The pharmaceutical industry has long argued that high drug prices reflect the high cost of innovation and that reducing drug prices would necessarily slow the pipeline of new drugs. These arguments have been bolstered by studies of large pharmaceutical companies showing statistical associations between the projected market size or revenue for pharmaceutical products and research & development (R&D) activity. Our analysis recognizes the increasingly important role of small biopharmaceuticals in drug development , companies that typically have little revenue and negative earnings, but are now responsible for more than 40% of new drug approvals. We examine the relationship between changes …


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